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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34877789

RESUMO

Under the topological guidance, the self-assembly process based on tetratopic porphyrin synthon results in a HOF with the predicted square layers topology (sql) but unsatisfied stability. Strikingly, simply introducing transition metal in porphyrin center does not change the network topology but drastically causes noticeable change on noncovalent interaction, orbital overlap, and molecular geometry, therefore ultimately giving rise to a series of metalloporphyrinic HOFs with high surface area, and excellent stability (intact after being soaked in boiling water, concentrated HCl, and heated in 270 oC). With integrating both photosensitizers and catalytic sites into robust backbones, this series of HOFs can effectively catalyze the photoreduction of CO2 to CO, and their catalytic performances greatly depend on the chelated metal species in porphyrin centers. This work enriches the library of stable functional HOFs and expands their applications in photocatalytic CO2 reduction.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34877814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most of the microRNAs (MiRs) involved in myogenesis are transcriptional regulated. The role of MiR biogenesis in myogenesis has not been characterized yet. RNA-binding protein Musashi 2 (Msi2) is considered to be one of the major drivers for oncogenesis and stem cell proliferation. The functions of Msi2 in myogenesis have not been explored yet. We sought to investigate Msi2-regulated biogenesis of MiRs in myogenesis and muscle stem cell (MuSC) ageing. METHODS: We detected the expression of Msi2 in MuSCs and differentiated myotubes by quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) and western blot. Msi2-binding partner human antigen R (HuR) was identified by immunoprecipitation followed by mass spectrometry analysis. The cooperative binding of Msi2 and HuR on MiR7a-1 was analysed by RNA immunoprecipitation and electrophoresis mobility shift assays. The inhibition of the processing of pri-MiR7a-1 mediated by Msi2 and HuR was shown by Msi2 and HuR knockdown. Immunofluorescent staining, RT-qPCR and immunoblotting were used to characterize the function of MiR7a-1 in myogenesis. Msi2 and HuR up-regulate cryptochrome circadian regulator 2 (Cry2) via MiR7a-1 was confirmed by the luciferase assay and western blot. The post-transcriptional regulatory cascade was further confirmed by RNAi and overexpressing of Msi2 and HuR in MuSCs, and the in vivo function was characterized by histopathological and molecular biological methods in Msi2 knockout mice. RESULTS: We identified a post-transcription regulatory cascade governed by a pair of RNA-binding proteins Msi2 and HuR. Msi2 is enriched in differentiated muscle cells and promotes MuSC differentiation despite its pro-proliferation functions in other cell types. Msi2 works synergistically with another RNA-binding protein HuR to repress the biogenesis of MiR7a-1 in an Msi2 dose-dependent manner to regulate the translation of the key component of the circadian core oscillator complex Cry2. Down-regulation of Cry2 (0.6-fold, vs. control, P < 0.05) mediated by MiR7a-1 represses MuSC differentiation. The disruption of this cascade leads to differentiation defects of MuSCs. In aged muscles, Msi2 (0.3-fold, vs. control, P < 0.01) expression declined, and the Cry2 protein level also decreases (0.5-fold, vs. control, P < 0.05), suggesting that the disruption of the Msi2-mediated post-transcriptional regulatory cascade could attribute to the declined ability of muscle regeneration in aged skeletal muscle. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings have identified a new post-transcriptional cascade regulating myogenesis. The cascade is disrupted in skeletal muscle ageing, which leads to declined muscle regeneration ability.

3.
Tree Physiol ; 2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34940885

RESUMO

Leaves, being a key plant organ involved in photosynthesis, play an important role in plant growth and development. Although there have been few studies on the effects of potassium (K+) deficiency on the leaves of woody plants, however, knowledge about mechanism of necrotic spot formation on leaves during K+ deficiency is scares. We used hydroponics setup to understand effects of K+ deficiency on Neolamarckia cadamba. K+ deficiency resulted in smaller leaves and necrotic spots on the older leaves, while regulatory modules of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) involved in cell proliferation, cell cycle and cell expansion were down-regulated. K+ deficiency increased the activity of reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging enzymes such as SOD, APX and MDA and expression of DEGs related to these was also upregulated. Strong diaminobenzidine (DAB) staining was observed on the older leaves showing accumulation of H2O2 during K+ deficiency treatment. Additionally, putrescine (Put) and ethylene synthesis genes were upregulated. Fifteen DEGs in response to ethylene signaling, including ETR1, ETR2, EBF1, ERF1 and ERF2, were upregulated at the 3rd week. The leaf-growth changes caused by K+ deficiency in N. cadamba were well demonstrated by our findings.

4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(11)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788209

RESUMO

A novel symbiotic bacterium, designated strain XY-114T, was isolated from the cerata of an Onchidium marine invertebrate species collected in the South China Sea. Strain XY-114T was an aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, non-motile and short rod-shaped bacterium (0.5-0.8 µm wide and 1.0-1.5 µm long) without flagellum. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain XY-114T belonged to the genus Algibacter with the highest similarity of 97.2 % to the closest phylogenetic relative Algibacter aestuarii KYW371T. Cells grew at 15-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5.5-9.0 (optimum 7.0-8.0) and at NaCl concentrations of 0.5-5.0 % (w/v; optimum 1.5-3.0 %). The major fatty acids (>10 %) were summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c), iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The predominant polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-6. Flexirubin-type pigments were absent. The genome size of strain XY-114T was 3.4 Mbp, with 34.9 mol% of DNA G+C content. The average nucleotide identity, digital DNA-DNA hybridization and amino acid identity values between strain XY-114T and A. aestuarii KYW371T were 74.5 %, 17.0±1.8 % and 73.9 %. Characterization based on phylogenetic, phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic evidence demonstrated that strain XY-114T represents a novel species of the genus Algibacter, for which the name Algibacter onchidii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is XY-114T (=KCTC 72217T=MCCC 1K03606T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Gastrópodes , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
Mol Carcinog ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818445

RESUMO

Current advancements in prostate cancer (PC) therapies have been successful in slowing PC progression and increasing life expectancy; however, there is still no curative treatment for advanced metastatic castration resistant PC (mCRPC). Most treatment options target the androgen receptor, to which many PCs eventually develop resistance. Thus, there is a dire need to identify and validate new molecular targets for treating PC. We found NUAK family kinase 2 (NUAK2) expression is elevated in PC and mCRPC versus normal tissue, and expression correlates with an increased risk of metastasis. Given this observation and because NUAK2, as a kinase, is actionable, we evaluated the potential of NUAK2 as a molecular target for PC. NUAK2 is a stress response kinase that also plays a role in activation of the YAP cotranscriptional oncogene. Combining pharmacological and genetic methods for modulating NUAK2, we found that targeting NUAK2 in vitro leads to reduction in proliferation, three-dimensional tumor spheroid growth, and matrigel invasion of PC cells. Differential gene expression analysis of PC cells treated NUAK2 small molecule inhibitor HTH-02-006 demonstrated that NUAK2 inhibition results in downregulation of E2F, EMT, and MYC hallmark gene sets after NUAK2 inhibition. In a syngeneic allograft model and in radical prostatectomy patient derived explants, NUAK2 inhibition slowed tumor growth and proliferation rates. Mechanistically, HTH-02-006 treatment led to inactivation of YAP and the downregulation of NUAK2 and MYC protein levels. Our results suggest that NUAK2 represents a novel actionable molecular target for PC that warrants further exploration.

6.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 228: 112899, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Serratia sp. CM01 is a wild strain with the resistance and reduction ability of chromium(Ⅵ). The aim of this study it to investigate the underlying mechanisms of the Cr(Ⅵ) tolerance and reduction of strain CM01, and to explore its response to environmental pollution pressure at the molecular level. METHODS: The iTRAQ technique was utilized to investigate the differentially expressed protein patterns related to the Cr(Ⅵ)-resistance in wild-type strain CM01 and domesticated CM01. RT-qPCR was used to verify the expression levels of several functional genes. The cell surface hydrophobicity and autoaggregation, the intracellular glucose content, and the total superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were determined. RESULTS: In total, 2750 proteins were detected and identified in WT CM01 and domesticated CM01. Compared with WT CM01, the iTRAQ results of 646 proteins were found to be significantly differentially expressed in domesticated CM01. There were 343 up-regulated and 303 down-regulated proteins, which mainly related to carbohydrate metabolism, stress responses, amino acid metabolism and some other systems. RT-qPCR results showed that the expression level of seven genes in domesticated CM01 were consistent with the iTRAQ proteomic profiles. The cell surface hydrophobicity, self-aggregation, intracellular glucose content and total SOD activity of domesticated CM01 with Cr(Ⅵ) treatment were significantly higher than without Cr(Ⅵ) treatment. CONCLUSION: Domesticated CM01 displayed a complex biological network to exhibit the tolerance of Cr(Ⅵ), which may be attributed to the following aspects: (a) CM01 reduced the consumption of glucose by inhibiting the metabolism of carbohydrates, which was an energy-saving survival mode. (b) The inositol phosphate metabolism pathway played an important role. (c) Oxidative stress proteins enhanced the adaptability. (d) CM01 enhanced biosynthesis of hydrophobic amino acids to resistance to Cr(Ⅵ). (e) Several key systems and proteins, such as UvrABC system, Lon protease, porin OmpC, also may play an important role.

7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 228: 112984, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794027

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of exogenous sulfate on the efficiency of chromium(VI) metabolism of three chromium(VI)-resistant Escherichia coli strains (eChrA / eChrB / eChrAB) by adding chromium(VI)-resistance genes chrA and/or chrB, for better understanding and further application of these Cr(VI)-resistant strains in environmental and industrial chromium removal. METHODS: Based on three engineered Cr(VI)-resistant strains exposed to different concentrations of sulfate: i) Evaluation of Cr(VI) metabolism characteristics, including the growth rate, the Cr(VI) tolerance, the removal, absorption and efflux capacity of Cr(VI); ii) Detection the expressions of Cr(VI) resistance-related genes (chrA and chrB), and sulfate channel protein-related genes (sbp, cysA, cysU and cysW genes) by RT-qPCR. RESULTS: Exogenous sulfate enhanced the Cr(VI) tolerance and the removal rate of these three engineered Cr(VI)-resistant strains, and promoted their growth rate under Cr(VI) stress, while suppressed their absorption and efflux capacity. Under a certain sulfate concentration, the Cr(VI) tolerance, removal ability and efflux capacity of these three strains were ranked as follow: eChrAB > eChrA > eChrB, while ranked as eChrB > eChrA > eChrAB for the Cr(VI) absorption rate, respectively. Opposite to the Cr(VI) treatment, exogenous sulfate suppressed the transcription levels of the Cr(VI) resistance-related genes (chrA and chrB) with gradually increased concentrations, and reduced those of sulfate channel protein related genes (sbp,cysA, cysU and cysW) under the medium and high concentrations. CONCLUSION: Sulfate can enhance the Cr(VI) tolerance and growth of Cr(VI)-resistant strains, via inhibiting the Cr(VI) absorption and efflux in a concentration-dependent manner. The underlying mode of action might be the competition of transport channels between sulfate and Cr(VI), and the suppression of sulfate channel protein related genes expressions by exogenous sulfate. Our results demonstrated an appropriate supplication of exogenous sulfate could contribute to the Cr(VI) pollution management by genes chrA/chrB related Cr(VI)-resistant strains. Additionally, the engineered E. coli strain eChrAB showed more potential for the actual Cr(VI) pollution application than strain eChrA and eChrB.

8.
Future Oncol ; 17(35): 4907-4923, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751593

RESUMO

Aims: HOX clusters encode proteins that play pivotal roles in regulating transcription factors and many other proteins during embryogenesis. However, little is known about the diagnostic and prognostic values of HOXC family members in gastric cancer (GC). Materials and methods: The authors evaluated the data in patients with GC based on bioinformatics analysis. Results: HOXC6/8/9/10/11/13 were overexpressed in GC and associated with a poor prognosis. HOXC4/5 were downregulated in GC tissues. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that they have high diagnostic value. In addition, HOXC4/5/6/9/10/11/13 were negatively correlated with DNA methylation level. The gene set enrichment analysis results implied that they play essential roles in multiple biological processes underlying tumorigenesis. Conclusion: HOXC family members are potential targets for diagnosis and may work as prognostic biomarkers of GC.

9.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(10): 987-993, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719412

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the association of amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) and the quantitative indices biparietal width (BPW) and interhemispheric distance (IHD) of cranial magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) with short-term neurodevelopment in moderately and late preterm infants. METHODS: A total of 104 moderately and late preterm infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from September 2018 to April 2020 were selected as the subjects for this prospective study. The Naqeeb method and sleep-wake cycling (SWC) were used for aEEG assessment within 72 hours after birth. cMRI was performed at the corrected gestational age of 37 weeks. BPW and IHD were measured at the T2 coronal position. At the corrected age of 6 months, the Developmental Screening Test for Child Under Six (DST) was used to follow up neurodevelopment. According to developmental quotient (DQ), the infants were divided into a normal DST group (78 infants with DQ≥85) and an abnormal DST group (26 infants with DQ<85). Related indices were compared between the two groups. The association between aEEG and cMRI was evaluated. RESULTS: Compared with the normal DST group, the abnormal DST group had significantly lower aEEG normal rate and SWC maturation rate (P<0.05), as well as a significantly larger IHD and a significantly smaller BPW (P<0.05). Immature SWC, aEEG abnormality, and a relatively large IHD were the risk factors for abnormal DST (P<0.05), and a relatively large BPW was a protective factor against abnormal DST (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: For moderately and late preterm infants, aEEG within 72 hours after birth and the quantitative indices BPW and IHD of cMRI at the corrected gestational age of 37 weeks may affect their neurodevelopmental outcome at the corrected age of 6 months.


Assuntos
Eletroencefalografia , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516364

RESUMO

An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and non-motile strain (XY-359T) was isolated from the mouth of a marine invertebrate Onchidium species from the South China Sea. It grew at pH 6.0-8.5 (optimum, pH 7.5), at 15-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C) and in the presence of 0.5-4.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.5 %). It could not hydrolyse Tweens 20, 40, 60 or 80 and no flexirubin-type pigments were produced. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminolipid, six unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified polar lipids. The major fatty acids were iso-C17:0 3-OH, iso-C15:1 G and iso-C15:0 3-OH. The respiratory quinone was MK-6. Strain XY-359T showed the greatest degree of 16S rRNA sequence similarity to Flagellimonas algicola AsT0115T (96.54 %), followed by Muricauda flava DSM 22638T (96.27 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and 31 core genes indicated that strain XY-359T belongs to the genus Muricauda. The genome size of strain XY-359T was 4 207 872 bp, with 39.1 mol% of DNA G+C content. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain XY-359T and F. algicola AsT0115T were 74.58 % and 18.5 %, respectively, and those between strain XY-359T and M. flava DSM 22638T were 74.2 % and 18.3 %. The combined phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data suggest that strain XY-359T represents a novel species of the genus Muricauda, for which the name Muricauda onchidii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is XY-359T (=MCCC 1K03658T =KCTC 72218T). Moreover, based on the proposal of nesting Spongiibacterium and Flagellimonas within Muricauda by García (Validation List No. 193) and the analyses of phylogenetic trees and average amino acid identities in this study, the transfers of F. algicola, F. pacifica and F. maritima to the genus Muricauda as Muricauda algicola comb. nov., Muricauda parva nom. nov. and M. aurantiaca nom. nov., respectively, are proposed, with an emended description of the genus Muricauda.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Gastrópodes , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2
11.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 5552-5565, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517782

RESUMO

Ischemic heart disease in children may be induced by varied factors, and there is no corresponding systematic treatment up to now. This study aims to investigate the effects of microRNA (miR)-148 on myocardial injury in immature rats with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury. In this study, MI/R model was established by ligating the coronary artery of heart. The results showed that miR-148 alleviated myocardial injury and rescued relevant parameters (mean ventricular systolic blood pressure (MAP), left ventricular systolic blood pressure (LVSP), heart rate (HR), creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), cTn1 and Mb in immature rats with MI/R injury. Besides, miR-148 improved the immune dysfunction induced by MI/R through increasing the number of interleukin (IL)-10+ cells and reducing the number of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)+ cells. In addition, miR-148 relieved the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes induced by MI/R through inhibiting the expression of Bax and elevating the expression of Bcl-2. Further molecular mechanism indicated that pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (PDK4) was the downstream target of miR-148, which was further confirmed by dual luciferase reporter assay and related expression detection. Accordingly, silenced PDK4 attenuated cardiac dysfunction, immune disorder and myocardial apoptosis in immature rats and enhanced the ability of antioxidant enzymes. What is more, activated SMAD pathway induced by MI/R injury was then blocked by silenced PDK4. Taken together, our study demonstrated that overexpressed miR-148 relieved cardiac dysfunction, immune disorder and cardiomyocyte apoptosis in immature MI/R rats by PDK4 inhibition, which provided novel targets for MI/R injury treatment.

12.
Org Lett ; 23(19): 7529-7534, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529440

RESUMO

An efficient catalytic asymmetric [4 + 1] reaction, which features the use of simple ß-keto esters as one-carbon nucleophiles and 5-succinimidothio-pent-2-enoates as four-atom bielectrophiles, has been developed in the presence of a bifunctional chiral phase-transfer catalyst. The new annulation provides a distinct protocol to access the functionalized 2-acyl-2-carboxyl tetrahydrothiophenes bearing consecutive quaternary and tertiary carbon stereocenters in high diastereoselectivities and enantioselectivities. Moreover, the prepared products could be readily transformed into the chiral 2-alkyl-2-carboxyl tetrahydrothiophenes via two steps of debenzoylation and alkylation reactions.

13.
Analyst ; 146(20): 6315-6322, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554151

RESUMO

In this study, the gas-phase fragmentations of molecular ions of thioanisole derivatives were investigated using electron ionization mass spectrometry (EI-MS). In the EI-MS spectrum, a characteristic fragment ion [M - SH]+ was observed. The same result with the molecular ion of 3-aminothioanisole was enhanced, while the same phenomenon was not obvious in the EI-MS spectra of 2- or 4-aminothioanisole. To explain the fragmentation, we proposed a mechanism that involved the hydrogen transfer-induced S-C rearrangement with 3 pathways. Substituent effect results, deuterium-labelled experiments and density functional theory (DFT) calculations also confirmed the proposed mechanism.


Assuntos
Hidrogênio , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Íons , Sulfetos
14.
Analyst ; 146(18): 5682-5690, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397059

RESUMO

A novel, convenient ambient electric arc ionization (AEAI) device was developed as a mass spectrometry ion source for versatile sample analysis. AEAI could be considered as a soft ionization technique in which the protonated ion ([M + H]+) is the main ion species with little or no in-source fragmentation for most analytes. Coupled with a high-resolution Orbitrap mass spectrometer, AEAI could be applied to the analysis of a variety of organic compounds having a wide range of polarities, ranging from non-polar species such as polybenzenoid aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to highly polar species such as amino acids. With its versatile capabilities in the mass spectrometric analysis of small molecules, AEAI has the potential to be an alternative to traditional ionization methods such as electrospray ionization (ESI), atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI), and electron impact (EI) ionization. The limitations of AEAI are also discussed.


Assuntos
Pressão Atmosférica , Compostos Orgânicos , Aminoácidos , Espectrometria de Massas , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
15.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(7): 8512-8517, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263614

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint inhibitors can cause immune-related toxicity in various systems, and myocarditis is the most serious life-threatening toxicity. This report introduces diagnosis and treatment of two cases which developed myocarditis after receiving PD-1 inhibitors therapy. The first case was a 77-year-old male with chordoma, who was treated by third-line sintilimab combined with anlotinib, and presented with symptoms of chest tightness, shortness of breath and upper eyelid ptosis three weeks later. He was diagnosed as immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-related myocarditis and myositis-myasthenia-gravis overlap syndrome based on his clinical symptoms, serum biomarkers, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, and characteristic findings on cardiac 18F-FDG PET-MRI. Methylprednisolone was given 480 mg/d initially and was gradually reduced to 40 mg/d in 4 weeks, with the myocardial injury biomarkers declined in the same time. The second case was a 69-year-old female with advanced non-small cell lung cancer, who was treated by pemetrexed combined with bevacizumab and camrelizumab, and presented with palpitations 20 days later. She was diagnosed as immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-related myocarditis based on her clinical symptoms, serum biomarkers, electrocardiogram and echocardiogram. Methylprednisolone was given 240 mg/d initially and was gradually reduced to 40 mg/d with good response of myocardial injury biomarkers decline. However, the patient developed fatal myasthenia gravis afterwards, with little response to all treatments. These two cases revealed that, early detection and timely intervention, including discontinuation of immune checkpoint inhibitors and initiation of adequate steroid therapy, can reduce morbidity and mortality and improve prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Miocardite , Miosite , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Miocardite/induzido quimicamente , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocardite/tratamento farmacológico
16.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(38): 20915-20920, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278674

RESUMO

The unique applications of porous metal-organic framework (MOF) liquids with permanent porosity and fluidity have attracted significant attention. However, fabrication of porous MOF liquids remains challenging because of the easy intermolecular self-filling of the cavity or the rapid settlement of porous hosts in hindered solvents that cannot enter their pores. Herein, we report a facile strategy for the fabrication of a MOF liquid (Im-UiO-PL) by surface ionization of an imidazolium-functionalized framework with a sterically hindered poly(ethylene glycol) sulfonate (PEGS) canopy. The Im-UiO-PL obtained in this way has a CO2 adsorption approximately 14 times larger than that of pure PEGS. Distinct from a porous MOF solid counterpart, the stored CO2 in Im-UiO-PL can be slowly released and efficiently utilized to synthesize cyclic carbonates in the atmosphere. This is the first example of the use of a porous MOF liquid as a CO2 storage material for catalysis. It offers a new method for the fabrication of unique porous liquid MOFs with functional behaviors in various fields of gas adsorption and catalysis.

17.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 147(11): 3255-3268, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34291357

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Mutation-specific T-cell response to epithelial cancers and T-cell-based immunotherapy has been successfully used to treat several human solid cancers. We aimed to investigate the anti-tumour effect of neo-antigen-reactive T(NRT) cells induced by RNA mutanome vaccine, which may serve as a feasible and effective therapeutic approach for lung cancer. METHODS: We predicted candidate neo-antigens according to the mutant gene analysis by sequencing the mouse Lewis cells and C57BL/6 mouse tail tissue. RNA vaccine was prepared with the neo-antigens as the template. We assessed antitumor efficacy, cytokine secretion and pathological changes after adoptive transfer of NRT cells in vitro and vivo experiments. RESULTS: We identified 10 non-synonymous somatic mutations and successfully generated NRT cells. The percentage of T-cell activation proportion was increased from 0.072% in conventional T cells to 9.96% in NRT cells. Interferon-γ secretion augmented from 17.8 to 24.2% as well. As an in vivo model, adoptive NRT cell infusion could promote active T-cell infiltration into the tumour tissue and could delay tumour progression. CONCLUSION: NRT cells induced by RNA mutanome vaccine exert a significant anti-tumour effect in mouse lung cancer, and adoptive NRT cell therapy might be considered a feasible, effective therapeutic approach for lung cancer.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/imunologia , Vacinas Anticâncer/farmacologia , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Animais , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/terapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Interferon gama/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mutação Puntual , Distribuição Aleatória , Linfócitos T/transplante , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Vacinas Sintéticas/imunologia , Vacinas Sintéticas/farmacologia
18.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 10(1): 91, 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34187566

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E, an acute zoonotic disease caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV), has a relatively high burden in developing countries. The current research model on hepatitis E mainly uses experimental animal models (such as pigs, chickens, and rabbits) to explain the transmission of HEV. Few studies have developed a multi-host and multi-route transmission dynamic model (MHMRTDM) to explore the transmission feature of HEV. Hence, this study aimed to explore its transmission and evaluate the effectiveness of intervention using the dataset of Jiangsu Province. METHODS: We developed a dataset comprising all reported HEV cases in Jiangsu Province from 2005 to 2018. The MHMRTDM was developed according to the natural history of HEV cases among humans and pigs and the multi-transmission routes such as person-to-person, pig-to-person, and environment-to-person. We estimated the key parameter of the transmission using the principle of least root mean square to fit the curve of the MHMRTDM to the reported data. We developed models with single or combined countermeasures to assess the effectiveness of interventions, which include vaccination, shortening the infectious period, and cutting transmission routes. The indicator, total attack rate (TAR), was adopted to assess the effectiveness. RESULTS: From 2005 to 2018, 44 923 hepatitis E cases were reported in Jiangsu Province. The model fits the data well (R2 = 0.655, P < 0.001). The incidence of the disease in Jiangsu Province and its cities peaks are around March; however, transmissibility of the disease peaks in December and January. The model showed that the most effective intervention was interrupting the pig-to-person route during the incidence trough of September, thereby reducing the TAR by 98.11%, followed by vaccination (reducing the TAR by 76.25% when the vaccination coefficient is 100%) and shortening the infectious period (reducing the TAR by 50.05% when the infectious period is shortened to 15 days). CONCLUSIONS: HEV could be controlled by interrupting the pig-to-person route, shortening the infectious period, and vaccination. Among these interventions, the most effective was interrupting the pig-to-person route.


Assuntos
Hepatite E/prevenção & controle , Zoonoses/prevenção & controle , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Estudos de Viabilidade , Hepatite E/epidemiologia , Hepatite E/transmissão , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Suínos , Vacinação
19.
World J Emerg Med ; 12(3): 179-184, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34141031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine dysfunction after traumatic brain injury (TBI) has received increased attention due to its impact on the recovery of neural function. The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence and risk factors of adrenocortical insufficiency (AI) after TBI to reveal independent predictors and build a prediction model of AI after TBI. METHODS: Enrolled patients were grouped into the AI and non-AI groups. Fourteen preset impact factors were recorded. Patients were regrouped according to each impact factor as a categorical variable. Univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to screen the related independent risk factors of AI after TBI and develop the predictive model. RESULTS: A total of 108 patients were recruited, of whom 34 (31.5%) patients had AI. Nine factors (age, Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS] score on admission, mean arterial pressure [MAP], urinary volume, serum sodium level, cerebral hernia, frontal lobe contusion, diffuse axonal injury [DAI], and skull base fracture) were probably related to AI after TBI. Three factors (urinary volume [X 4], serum sodium level [X 5], and DAI [X 8]) were independent variables, based on which a prediction model was developed (logit P= -3.552+2.583X 4+2.235X 5+2.269X 8). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of AI after TBI is high. Factors such as age, GCS score, MAP, urinary volume, serum sodium level, cerebral hernia, frontal lobe contusion, DAI, and skull base fracture are probably related to AI after TBI. Urinary volume, serum sodium level, and DAI are the independent predictors of AI after TBI.

20.
Biomater Sci ; 9(10): 3692-3704, 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34008595

RESUMO

Whole organ or tissue decellularized matrices are a promising scaffold for tissue engineering because they maintain the specific memory of the original organ or tissue. A whole organ or tissue decellularized matrix contains extracellular matrix (ECM) components, and exhibits ultrastructural and mechanical properties, which could significantly regulate the fate of stem cells. To better understand the memory function of whole organ decellularized matrices, we constructed a heart decellularized matrix and seeded cross-embryonic layer stem cells - neural stem cells (NSCs) to repopulate the matrix, engineering cardiac tissue, in which a large number of NSCs differentiated into the neural lineage, but besides that, NSCs showed an obvious tendency of trans-differentiating into cardiac lineage cells. The results demonstrated that the whole heart decellularized microenvironment possesses memory function. To reveal the underlying mechanism, TMT-based quantitative proteomics analysis was used to identify the differently expressed proteins in the whole heart decellularized matrix compared with a brain decellularized matrix. 937 of the proteins changed over 1.5 fold, with 573 of the proteins downregulated and 374 of the proteins upregulated, among which integrin ligands in the ECM serve as key signals in regulating NSC fate. The findings here provide a novel insight into the memory function of tissue-specific microenvironments and pave the way for the therapeutic application of personalized tissues.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Neurais , Tecidos Suporte , Transdiferenciação Celular , Matriz Extracelular , Proteoma , Engenharia Tecidual
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