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1.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-7, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186960

RESUMO

To investigate whether the TNF-α, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-10 genes contribute to variations in vaccine-induced immune responses after immunization with the inactivated Japanese encephalitis vaccine (IJEV), a total of 369 individuals who received the IJEV were enrolled. Based on Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) neutralization antibodies (NAbs), the individuals were divided into seropositive (SP) and seronegative (SN) groups. Then, 17 SNPs in the TNF-α, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-10 genes were genotyped using the TaqMan method. Although there was no association of the TNF-α, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-10 genes with JEV seropositivity triggered by JEV vaccination when all the individuals in the SP and SN groups were compared, differences were observed in a subgroup analysis. In the male group, rs2243291 in the IL-4 gene showed a difference between the JEV SP and SN groups with the overdominant model (P = .045), and the C/G genotypes conferred more JEV seropositivity (OR = 1.87; 95% CI: 1.01-3.49); the CT genotype of rs3093726 in the TNF-α gene showed higher JEV NAbs geometric mean titer (GMT) than the TT genotype (P = .018, CT: 1.677 ± 0.144 vs TT: 1.271 ± 0.039). Furthermore, the rs1800629 genotype in the TNF-α gene and the rs1800896 genotype in the IL-10 gene exhibited a trend of association with JEV seropositivity in the female group, but the difference was not significant. The present study suggested that the polymorphisms in the cytokine genes could be associated with sex-specific JEV NAbs seroconversion. However, more samples should be studied, and further functional verification should be performed.

2.
Genet Test Mol Biomarkers ; 23(7): 435-441, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31294628

RESUMO

Aims: To discover possible relationships between CXCL12 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its risk factors. Methods: The present sib-pair study was conducted in a rural community of Beijing, China. SNPs rs2297630, rs1746048, and rs1801157 located within or nearby the CXCL12 gene were genotyped using the allele-specific polymerase chain reaction method. Haseman-Elston regression was used to investigate linkages between these SNPs and T2DM. A generalized estimating equation logistic regression model was used to discover associations between the SNPs, T2DM, and its risk factors. Results: A total of 3171 participants were recruited, comprising 2277 sib pairs. After Bonferroni correction (α = 0.016), rs2297630 was found to be significantly linked to (p = 0.003) and associated with T2DM (AA vs. GG/GA: OR = 2.26, 95% CI: 1.31-3.88, p = 0.003). There were interactions between rs2297630 and dyslipidemia (p < 0.001) and between rs1746048 and hypertension (p = 0.011). Compared to dyslipidemia-free subjects with rs2297630 GG/GA genotypes, dyslipidemia patients with rs2297630 AA had a higher risk of T2DM (OR = 4.15, 95% CI: 2.24-7.67, p < 0.001). Compared to hypertension-free subjects with rs1746048 CC genotypes, hypertension-free subjects with rs1746048 CT/TT had a decreased risk of T2DM (OR = 0.77, 95% CI: 0.60-0.99, p = 0.045). Conclusions: A novel linkage and association was found between rs2297630 and T2DM. Moreover, novel interactions were found between rs2297630 and dyslipidemia as well as rs1746048 and hypertension. These findings will help identify individuals at higher risk of developing T2DM.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CXCL12/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , China , Dislipidemias/genética , Feminino , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco
3.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(5): 441-444, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104659

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of mumps in mainland China from 2004 to 2018, and to provide data for the key population for prevention and control of mumps. METHODS: The epidemiological characteristics of mumps were analyzed with reference to the data of the cases of mumps reported in the National Scientific Data Sharing Platform for Population and Health and Disease Prevention and Control Bureau of National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China. Descriptive epidemiology was used to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of mumps. RESULTS: A total of 4 272 368 cases of mumps were reported in China during 2004-2018, with an average annual reported incidence rate of 21.44/100 000. A single dose of mumps-containing vaccine was added to the national Expanded Program of Immunization in 2008, but the annual incidence rate ranged from 12.84/100 000 to 35.59/100 000. The second dose of measles, mumps and rubella combined attenuated live vaccine was included in the routine immunization in Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai, and then the average incidence rate of mumps reported in these three regions dropped to about 10/100 000. From 2004 to 2016, the population aged 3-14 years accounted for 81.16% of all patients with mumps. The children aged 6 years had the highest incidence rate of mumps during 2004-2013. CONCLUSIONS: A single dose of mumps-containing vaccine has no obvious effect on the incidence rate of mumps. Children aged 6 years have the highest incidence rate of mumps. A booster dose of mumps-containing vaccine should be given to preschool children.


Assuntos
Sarampo , Caxumba , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão) , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Humanos , Vacina contra Caxumba
4.
J Infect Dis ; 219(1): 50-58, 2019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30085178

RESUMO

Background: Mumps vaccine immunizations have reduced the incidence of this disease. With the variation of mumps circulating strain, novel vaccine strains are always important. Methods: A 2-center parallel, randomized, double-blind noninferiority trial was performed to compare an F-genotype attenuated mumps vaccine (SP strain) to the A-genotype vaccine (S-79, Jeryl-Lynn strain) in 1080 healthy children aged 8-24 months in Hubei, China. Results: Participants were randomly assigned to receive a high or low dose of the SP or S79 vaccine and then assessed clinically at 30 minutes and 1-28 days postinoculation. No differences in local or systemic reactivity were observed. A similar incidence of severe adverse events associated with the vaccine was observed in the high-dose group and the positive control group. Based on throat swab collections, no viral shedding was present at the 4th and 10th days in any group. Neutralizing and hemagglutination-inhibiting antibody assays with the F- or A-genotype strains showed similar trends in geometric mean titers in the high-dose SP and S79 groups. Increased cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses were observed in all groups. Conclusions: The F-genotype attenuated mumps vaccine is safe, offers immunogenicity against a homologous virus, and is noninferior to the A-genotype vaccine in 8- to 24-month-old children.


Assuntos
Vacina contra Caxumba/administração & dosagem , Vírus da Caxumba/imunologia , Caxumba/prevenção & controle , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Genótipo , Testes de Inibição da Hemaglutinação , Humanos , Imunização , Lactente , Masculino , Caxumba/imunologia , Vacina contra Caxumba/imunologia , Vacinas Atenuadas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Atenuadas/imunologia
5.
Thorac Cancer ; 9(6): 707-717, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29624915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to describe present and changing trends in surgical modalities and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in female breast cancer patients in China from 2006 to 2015. METHODS: Data of 44 299 female breast cancer patients from 15 tertiary hospitals in Beijing were extracted from hospitalization summary reports. Surgeries were categorized into five modalities: breast-conserving surgery (BCS), simple mastectomy (SM), modified radical mastectomy (MRM), radical mastectomy (RM), and extensive radical mastectomy (ERM). RESULTS: In total, 38 471 (86.84%) breast cancer patients underwent surgery: 22.64% BCS, 8.22% SM, 63.97% MRM, 4.24% RM, and 0.93% ERM. Older patients (> 60) underwent surgery more frequently than younger patients (< 60). The proportion of patients who underwent BCS was highest in the age ≥ 80 (39.24%) and < 40 (28.69%) subgroups and in patients with papillary carcinoma (35.48%), and lowest in the age 60- subgroup (18.17%) and in patients with Paget's disease (19.05%). SM was most frequently performed in patients with Paget's disease (29.00%), and MRM for ductal (64.99%), and lobular (63.78%) carcinomas. During the study period, the proportion of patients who underwent MRM dropped by 29.04%, SM and BCS increased from 15.78% and 30.83%, respectively, and NACT increased in all subgroups, particularly in patients with lymph node involvement (26.72%). CONCLUSIONS: Surgical modalities varied significantly by age and histologic group. The use of BCS and SM increased dramatically, while MRM declined significantly. The proportion of patients treated with NACT has increased significantly, especially in patients with lymph node involvement.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pequim/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Mastectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Mastectomia/tendências , Mastectomia Segmentar/métodos , Mastectomia Segmentar/estatística & dados numéricos , Mastectomia Segmentar/tendências , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Curr Med Res Opin ; 34(2): 255-261, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29022745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Adherence to oral anticoagulants is crucial for the prevention of ischemic stroke in atrial fibrillation patients; however, evidence of oral-anticoagulant adherence from developing countries is still lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the current situation and predictors of oral-anticoagulant adherence in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients in China. METHODS: Records of NVAF patients were obtained from a regional claims database. Both initiation and adherence to oral anticoagulants were calculated from linked records. Factors of oral-anticoagulant initiation were identified using Cox regression. RESULTS: Among 33,463 NVAF patients, only 13.9% initialized warfarin treatment after the indexed hospital visit. Stratified by CHA2DS2-VASc scores, 20.9% of patients in the low-risk group were on warfarin, followed by 15.3% and 10.7% from the middle and high-risk groups, respectively. Among patients who initialized warfarin, only 40.4% filled the first repeat prescription within 3 months. Concurrent statin use, hypertension and heart failure were associated with higher warfarin initiation rate. Factors such as age above 75, female sex, manufacture workers, discharge from the primary-care center, antiplatelet use, and diabetes, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke were associated with lower rate of warfarin initiation. Additionally, initiating warfarin treatment reduced risk of ischemic stroke in middle and high-risk patients. CONCLUSION: Oral anticoagulation was significantly under-used in NVAF patients in China. Age, sex, concurrent drug usage, and disease history were associated factors. Improving warfarin adherence was promising to reduce ischemic stroke risk of NVAF patients.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Varfarina/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Revisão da Utilização de Seguros , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
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