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1.
Inorg Chem ; 60(22): 16906-16910, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726390

RESUMO

Herein, a new organic-inorganic hybrid cuprous iodide of [(Me)2-DABCO]Cu6I8 was prepared and structurally characterized with a novel three-dimensional (3D) [Cu6I8]2- framework. Significantly, this 3D cuprous iodide displays infrequent broadband red-to-near-infrared light emission (600-1000 nm) stemming from the radiative recombination of self-trapped excitons.

2.
J Neurosci Methods ; 361: 109274, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sparse representation-based classification (SRC) has more advantages in motor imagery EEG pattern recognition, and the quality of dictionary construction directly determines the performance of SRC. In this paper, we proposed a two-dimensional dictionary optimization (TDDO) method to directly improve the performance of SRC. NEW METHOD: Firstly, an initial dictionary was constructed with multi-band features extracted by filter band common spatial pattern (FBCSP). Then Lasso regression is used to select significant features in each atom synchronously in the horizontal direction, and the KNN-based method is used to clean up noise atoms in the vertical direction. Finally, an SRC method by training samples linearly representing test samples was implemented in classification. RESULTS: The results show the necessity and rationality of TDDO-SRC method. The highest average classification accuracy of 86.5% and 92.4% is obtained on two public datasets. COMPARISON WITH EXISTING METHOD(S): The proposed method has more superior classification accuracy compared to traditional methods and existing winners' methods. CONCLUSIONS: The quality of dictionary construction has a great impact on the robustness of SRC. And compared with the original SRC, the classification accuracy of the optimized TDDO-SRC is greatly improved.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Algoritmos , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Imaginação , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador
3.
Math Biosci Eng ; 18(4): 4247-4263, 2021 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198435

RESUMO

Common spatial pattern (CSP) as a spatial filtering method has been most widely applied to electroencephalogram (EEG) feature extraction to classify motor imagery (MI) in brain-computer interface (BCI) applications. The effectiveness of CSP is determined by the quality of interception in a specific time window and frequency band. Although numerous algorithms have been designed to optimize CSP by splitting the EEG data with a sliding time window and dividing the frequency bands with a set of band-pass filters, simultaneously. However, they did not consider the drawbacks of the rapid increase in data volume and feature dimensions brought about by this method, which would reduce the classification accuracy and calculation efficiency of the model. Therefore, we propose an optimal channel-based sparse time-frequency blocks common spatial pattern (OCSB-CSP) feature extraction method to improve the model classification accuracy and computational efficiency. Comparative experiments on two public EEG datasets show that the proposed method can quickly select significant time-frequency blocks and improve classification performance. The average classification accuracies are higher than those of other winners' methods, providing a new idea for the improvement of BCI applications.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Algoritmos , Eletroencefalografia , Imaginação , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador
4.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 3125-3136, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193023

RESUMO

Ultraviolet B (UVB) is one of the most common exogenous factors in skin aging, especially photoaging. Once a large amount of UVB accumulates within a short period of time, skin tissue can become inflamed. It has also been found in clinics that platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can promote wound repair; therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the mechanism by which PRP repairs UVB-induced skin photodamage. We used PRP of Sprague-Dawley rats with the two-spin technique in the established acute UVB radiation photodamage model and harvested the corresponding skin after 1, 7, and 28 d. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to observe tissue inflammation. We found that PRP reduces inflammation in the early stages of UVB-induced acute skin damage, and then promotes the proliferation of collagen in the middle and late stages. Moreover, PRP can stimulate Act A and M1 polarization in the early stage, while inhibiting activin A (Act A) and inducing M2 polarization in the middle and late stages. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that PRP plays an important regulatory role in helping reduce UVB-induced acute skin tissue inflammation by adjusting macrophage polarization, which alleviates skin inflammation and stimulates collagen regeneration.

5.
Nat Prod Res ; 35(9): 1537-1543, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938337

RESUMO

One new cis p-coumaroyl copaborneol-type sesquiterpenoid (1), together with its known trans isomer (2) and six other known p-coumaroyl humulane-type sesquiterpenoids (3-8), were isolated from the whole plants of Pilea cavaleriei. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic data. Compounds 1-4 exhibited moderate antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv.


Assuntos
Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Urticaceae/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia
6.
Hum Psychopharmacol ; 36(5): e2790, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33856697

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia have an increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus that has shown a significant association with the rs7754840 polymorphism in the gene encoding the cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) regulatory subunit-associated protein 1-like 1 (CDKAL1). OBJECTIVE: To examine whether this polymorphism was involved in the susceptibility in first-episode drug-naive schizophrenic patients (FDSP), and further influenced their clinical symptoms. METHODS: This polymorphism was genotyped in 239 FDSP and 368 healthy controls. The clinical symptoms in FDSP were assessed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) five-factor models. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the allelic and genotypic frequencies of this polymorphism between two groups (both p > 0.05) after adjusting for covariates. However, the PANSS depressive score significantly differed by genotype in FDSP after adjusting for covariates (F = 5.25, p = 0.006). This significant difference also persisted after Bonferroni correction (p < 0.05). FDSP with C/C genotype had significantly higher PANSS depressive score than those with C/G genotype (p = 0.007) and those with G/G genotype (p = 0.005). Moreover, further stepwise multivariate regression analysis showed the significant association between the rs7754840 polymorphism and PANSS depressive score in FDSP (ß = -1.07, t = -2.75, p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrated that although the CDKAL1 rs7754840 polymorphism did not contribute to the susceptibility to FDSP, it might be implicated in depressive symptoms in this patient group.

7.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 35(5): e23742, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: tRFs (tRNA-derived RNA fragments) have been reported to facilitate cancer progression in multiple cancers. However, their role in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains to be determined. In this study, we mainly investigated the expression of tRF-Pro-CGG in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and evaluated its relationship with the clinicopathology and survival time of patients. METHODS: 37 cases of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, and 15 cases of normal pancreatic tissues were collected which were resected by surgery from January 2017 to June 2020 from the Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic surgery of Changzhou second people's Hospital. The expression of tRF-Pro-CGG in paraffin-embedded tissues was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The clinical data including age, sex, tumor location, tumor diameter, tumor clinical stage (TNM stage), depth of invasion, regional lymph node metastasis, serum CA199, and serum CEA were collected and analyzed retrospectively, whether the expression tRF-Pro-CGG was correlation with the pathological parameters and clinical outcomes of patients. RESULTS: The expression level of tRF-Pro-CGG was significantly downregulated in PDAC and associated with an advanced TNM stage (P=0.000) and the N stage (P=0.000) of patients. More importantly, low tRF-Pro-CGG expression predicted poor survival in PDAC patients (P=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: TRF-Pro-CGG is under-expressed in PDAC and is associated with short clinical survival and poor prognosis. tRF-Pro-CGG is an independent prognostic factor, which highlights its role as a potential biomarker for PDAC progression and therapy.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , RNA de Transferência/genética , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Sequência de Bases , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Humanos , Análise Multivariada , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Prognóstico , RNA de Transferência/metabolismo , Curva ROC
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556482

RESUMO

Cognitive and sensory deficits were considered a core feature of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, few studies investigated stereopsis integrity in patients with MDD. Thus, the objectives of this study investigated stereopsis integrity and its correlations with cognitive function and depressive symptom in patients with MDD. 90 patients with MDD and 116 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled in this study. Their stereoacuity was evaluated using the Titmus Stereopsis Test as well as assessing their cognitive function and depressive symptom by the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD). Log seconds of arc was significantly higher in patients than HCs (1.92 ± 0.41 versus 1.67 ± 0.16, t = 5.35, p < 0.0001). The percentage of patients with correct stereopsis detection was markedly declined in 400 (z = 3.06, p = 0.002), 200 (z = 3.84, p < 0.001), 140 (z = 4.73, p < 0.001), 100 (z = 4.58, p < 0.001), 80 (z = 5.06, p < 0.001), 60 (z = 4.72, p < 0.001), 50 (z = 4.24, p < 0.001), and 40 (z = 4.85, p < 0.001) seconds of arc compared with HCs. Log seconds of arc was significantly correlated with the RBANS total score (r = -0.38, p < 0.0001), subscores of attention (r = -0.49, p < 0.0001) and language (r = -0.33, p = 0.001) rather than HAMD score (r = 0.03, p = 0.78) in MDD patients. In addition, log seconds of arc was significantly related to the RBANS total score (r = -0.58, p < 0.0001) and language score (r = -0.45, p = 0.006) rather than attention score (r = -0.30, p = 0.07) in HCs. Further stepwise multivariate regression analyses showed the negative correlation of log seconds of arc with attention score (ß = -0.80, t = -3.95, p < 0.0001) rather than HAMD score (ß = -0.008, t = -0.09, p = 0.93) in MDD patients. However, there was no relationship between log seconds of arc and attention score in HCs (ß = 1.52, t = 1.19, p = 0.24). Our results identified the marked deficits of stereopsis in MDD patients that were tightly correlated with their attention functioning rather than depressive symptom.

9.
J Med Chem ; 64(4): 1951-1965, 2021 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33539088

RESUMO

GM3, a typical tumor-associated carbohydrate antigen, is considered as an important target for cancer vaccine development, but its low immunogenicity limits its application. αGalCer, an iNKT cell agonist, has been employed as an adjuvant via a unique immune mode. Herein, we prepared and investigated two types of antitumor vaccine candidates: (a) self-adjuvanting vaccine GM3-αGalCer by conjugating GM3 with αGalCer and (b) noncovalent vaccine GM3-lipid/αGalCer, in which GM3 is linked with lipid anchor and coassembled with αGalCer. This demonstrated that ßGalCer is an exceptionally optimized lipid anchor, which enables the noncovalent vaccine candidate GM3-ßGalCer/αGalCer to evoke a comparable antibody level to GM3-αGalCer. However, the antibodies induced by GM3-αGalCer are better at recognition B16F10 cancer cells and more effectively activate the complement system. Our study highlights the importance of vaccine constructs utilizing covalent or noncovalent assembly between αGalCer with carbohydrate antigens and choosing an appropriate lipid anchor for use in noncovalent vaccine formulation.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Vacinas Anticâncer/farmacologia , Gangliosídeo G(M3)/farmacologia , Galactosilceramidas/farmacologia , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/síntese química , Animais , Vacinas Anticâncer/síntese química , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Sequência de Carboidratos , Feminino , Gangliosídeo G(M3)/análogos & derivados , Gangliosídeo G(M3)/imunologia , Galactosilceramidas/síntese química , Galactosilceramidas/imunologia , Humanos , Imunidade Humoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Lipossomos/química , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Células T Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Células THP-1
10.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 6665563, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506059

RESUMO

Growing experimental and clinical evidence suggests that a chronic inflammatory response induced by gut microbiome critically contribute to the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Previous studies demonstrated the disturbance of lymphocyte subpopulations in RA patients. The purpose of this study was to explore the characteristics of gut microbiome and the associations between bacterium and lymphocyte subpopulations as well as cytokines in patients with RA. Fecal samples from 205 RA patients and 199 healthy controls (HCs) were collected for bacterial DNA extraction and 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing. The levels of peripheral lymphocyte subpopulation such as T, B, CD4+T, CD8+T, NK, T helper 1 (Th1), Th2, Th17, and regulatory T cells (Tregs) of these subjects were detected by flow cytometry combined with standard absolute counting beads. The serum levels of cytokines interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interferon-γ (INF-γ) were tested by flow cytometric bead array (CBA). Alpha and beta diversity of gut microbiome were explored by bioinformatics analysis. Spearman rank correlation test was used to explore the relationships between gut microbiome and lymphocyte subsets as well as serum cytokines. The diversity and relative abundance of intestinal microbiota in patients with RA were significantly different from those in HCs. Detailly, the abundant of phylum Proteobacteria in RA patients was more than that in HCs, while Firmicutes was less than in HCs. There was increased relative abundance of genus Clostridium_XlVa as well as genus Blautia, more abundance of Ruminococcus2 in patients with lower levels of T, B, CD4+T, and Tregs. In addition, the relative abundances of Pelagibacterium, Oxalobacter, ClostridiumXlVb, and ClostridiumXVIII were correlated with cytokines. Gut microbiome of RA patients was clearly different from that of HCs. Abnormal bacteria communities are associated with the altered levels of lymphocyte subpopulation and cytokines, which might be one of the pathogenesis of RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos/imunologia , Adulto , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/microbiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fezes/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Subpopulações de Linfócitos/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Fitoterapia ; 147: 104776, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166598

RESUMO

Three pairs of enantiomers mucroniferals A-C (1-3), with a novel skeleton of 1,4-epoxynaphthalene-2,3-dicarboxylic acid first reported from nature source, were isolated from Corydalis mucronifera. Their structures were elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic data analysis of MS, 1D and 2D NMR, and their absolute configurations were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis and comparison of the experimental and calculated ECD data. Mucroniferals A-C showed broad-spectrum inhibitory activities on seedling growth of all plants tested (Lepidium apetalum, Raphanus sativus, Lactuca sativa, and Arabidopsis thaliana) with a dose-dependent relationship. Additionally, mucroniferals A and B exhibited significant inhibitory effects on germination of most seeds at concentration of 80 µg/mL, and the inhibition was reversible.


Assuntos
Corydalis/química , Germinação/efeitos dos fármacos , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/farmacologia , Plântula/efeitos dos fármacos , Arabidopsis/efeitos dos fármacos , Lepidium/efeitos dos fármacos , Alface/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Raphanus/efeitos dos fármacos , Tibet
12.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(24): 14596-14607, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184989

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality globally. Though increasing evidence has demonstrated that circular RNAs (circRNAs) are linked to the development and progression of cancers, the biological functions of circRNAs in PC remain largely unexplored so far. Based on previous studies, Hsc_circ_0075829 (circ_0075829) was screened out and then further identified in PC clinical specimens and cell lines by real-time PCR. After the stability tests, a series of in vitro and in vivo functional experiments were performed to investigate the role of circ_0075829 in PC development. Furthermore, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), bioinformatics tools, dual-luciferase assays and rescue experiments were conducted to clarify the regulatory mechanisms of circ_0075829 in SW1990 and BxPC-3 cells. Compared with paracancerous tissues, the expression of circ_0075829 was increased in PC tissues, which was positively correlated with the clinical features of PC. Knockdown of circ_0075829 significantly suppressed the proliferative, migratory and invasive rates of SW1990 and BxPC-3 cells both in vitro and in vivo. Bioinformatics analysis and dual-luciferase reporter gene assay indicated that circ_0075829 could bind to miR-1287-5p. Mechanism research and rescue experiments demonstrated that circ_0075829 could regulate the LAMTOR3/p-ERK signalling pathway via sponging miR-1287-5p in PC cell lines. Our data reveal that the circ_0075829 could facilitate the proliferation and metastasis of PC through circ_0075829/miR-1287-5p/LAMTOR3 axis.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , RNA Circular , Transdução de Sinais , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Interferência de RNA
13.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(6): 873-877, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236615

RESUMO

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the symptoms and characteristics of nervous system damage in severe/critically severe patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Sichuan province, with a view to providing basic references for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. Methods: A total of 90 patients with severe/critically severe COVID-19 were included, who were diagnosed and treated in COVID-19 designated hospital of Sichuan province from 11 January 2020 to 20 March 2020. Clinical features, test results, treatment options and clinical outcomes were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Of 90 patients, there were 54 males and 36 females, with an average age of (53.90±16.92) years. In addition to the classic symptoms such as fever and/or respiratory symptoms, 53 patients also had various degrees of neurologic manifestations, including 33 cases of fatigue, 21 muscle soreness, 12 dizziness, 8 headaches, 3 mental disorders, and 1 consciousness disorders and 1 case of neck pain. Compared with the patients without neurologic manifestations, those with neurologic manifestations took a longer time from admission to diagnosis of COVID-19 ( P<0.05), and received more antifungal treatment ( P<0.05). Conclusions: Neurological symptoms are not uncommon in severe/critically severe patients with COVID-19, and it's relatively difficult in the treatment. It should be paid attention in order to avoid misdiagnosis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 20704, 2020 11 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33244178

RESUMO

Lipid profile (total cholesterol and lipoprotein fractions) has been found to correlate with depression and cognitive impairment across the lifespan. However, the role of lipid levels in self-rated depressive state and cognitive impairment remains unclear. In this study, we examined the relationship between lipid profile (total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol) and cognition in adults with and without self-rated depression. Four hundred and thirty-eight healthy participants completed the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and a serum lipoprotein test. Using multivariate ANOVA, partial correlation and network analysis, a network linking lipoprotein profile, depressive state and cognition was constructed. A significant difference in serum lipid profile between the high and low depressive groups was detected. Depressive state had a strong negative correlation with cognitive performance. Of the lipid profile, only high-density lipoprotein was positively correlated with depressive symptom severity, whereas the other three indices showed negative correlation with both depressive state and cognitive performance. Our results suggest that serum lipid profile may be directly linked to self-rated depression and cognitive performance. Further studies recruiting larger clinical samples are needed to elucidate the specific effect of lipoprotein on cognitive impairment in mood disorder.


Assuntos
Cognição/fisiologia , Depressão/sangue , Lipoproteínas/sangue , Adulto , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Disfunção Cognitiva/sangue , Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Lipoproteínas HDL/sangue , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Triglicerídeos/sangue
15.
J Psychiatr Res ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment has been identified as a core feature of depression. Serum triglycerides (TG), gonadal hormone and sex difference were shown to influence cognitive performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations among serum TG, gonadal hormone, sex difference and cognitive performance in patients with major depressive disorders (MDD). METHODS: The enrolled 183 patients (male/female = 80/103) meeting DSM-IV criteria for MDD were divided into high TG group (patients-HTG) and normal TG group (patients-NTG) according to TG level. Serum TG, estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) levels were measured by the glycerokinase peroxidase-peroxidase and chemiluminescence methods. Cognition was assessed by the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). The study was conducted between August 2016 and January 2020. RESULTS: In female, patients-HTG had lower immediate memory, language, attention, delayed memory and RBANS total scores than patients-NTG after adjusting for covariates. There were significant differences in serum E2 and T levels between patients-HTG and patients-NTG in female after controlling for covariates. In female patients-HTG, serum E2 level was positively associated with immediate memory, delayed memory and RBANS total scores, and serum T level was positively related to immediate memory, language and RBANS total scores. These findings were not seen in male patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggested that patients-HTG exhibited poorer cognitive function compared with patients-NTG in female. Moreover, the decline in serum gonadal hormone level might contribute to the high TG development of female MDD, and was further implicated in their cognitive decline.

16.
Front Immunol ; 11: 570524, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33117360

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis can result from various causes and could progress to cirrhosis and cancer; however, there are no effective treatments due to that its molecular mechanism is unclear. liver fibrosis model made by Schistosoma japonicum (S. japonicum) infection or Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) intraperitoneal injection is a conventional model used in liver fibrosis-related studies for mechanism or pharmaceutical research purposes. But the differences in the pathological progression, immune responses and the underlying mechanism between the two liver fibrosis model have not been carefully compared and characterized, which hinders us from correctly understanding and making better use of the two models. In the present study, the pathological changes to the liver, and the cytokines, inflammatory factors, macrophages, and lymphocytes subsets involved were analyzed in the liver fibrosis model of S. japonicum infection or CCl4 intraperitoneal injection. Additionally, the pathological progression, immune responses and the underlying injury mechanism in these two models were compared and characterized. The results showed that the changing trend of interleukin-13 (IL-13), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß), inflammatory factors, and M1, M2 macrophages, were consistent with the development trend of fibrosis regardless of whether liver fibrosis was caused by S. japonicum or CCl4. For lymphocyte subsets, the proportions of CD3+ T cells and CD4+ T cells decreased gradually, while proportion of CD8+ T cells peaked at 6 weeks in mice infected with S. japonicum and at 12 weeks in mice injected with CCl4. With prolonged S. japonicum infection time, Th1 (CD4+IFN-γ+) immunity converted to Th2 (CD4+IL-4+)/Th17 (CD4+IL-17+) with weaker regulatory T cell (Treg) (CD4+CD25+FOXP3+) immunity. However, in liver fibrosis caused by CCl4, Th1 cells occupied the dominant position, while proportions of Th2, Th17, and Treg cells decreased gradually. In conclusion, liver fibrosis was a complex pathological process that was regulated by a series of cytokines and immune cells. The pathological progressions and immune responses to S. japonicum or CCl4 induced liver fibrosis were different, possibly because of their different injury mechanisms. The appropriate animal model should be selected according to the needs of different experiments and the pathogenic factors of liver fibrosis in the study.


Assuntos
Hepatite/imunologia , Fígado/imunologia , Schistosoma japonicum/fisiologia , Esquistossomose Japônica/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Células Th1/imunologia , Animais , Tetracloreto de Carbono/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Fígado/parasitologia , Fígado/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
17.
Hum Psychopharmacol ; 35(6): 1-8, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia are at a higher risk for suicide compared with the general population. Dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DßH) plays a key role in the conversion of dopamine to norepinephrine, which is related to suicidal behavior and cognitive regulation. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether there is the effect of DßH 5'-insertion/deletion (Ins/Del) polymorphism on cognitive performance in suicide attempters with chronic schizophrenia. METHODS: This polymorphism was detected in 114 suicide attempters and 617 non-suicide attempters with chronic schizophrenia. Cognitive performance was assessed by the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). RESULTS: The allelic and genotypic frequencies of this polymorphism between two groups did not differ after controlling for covariates (both, p > .05). There were no differences in RBANS scores between two groups after adjusting for covariates (all, p > .05). However, based on the genotype grouping in suicide attempters and non-attempters, the attention score significantly differed after adjusting for covariates (both, p < .05). Further analysis indicated that this polymorphism was associated with attention score in suicide attempters (p < .05), but not in non-suicide attempters (p > .05). CONCLUSIONS: DßH 5'-Ins/Del polymorphism was not a risk locus of suicide attempters, but it was implicated in attention regulation in suicide attempters with chronic schizophrenia.


Assuntos
Cognição/fisiologia , Dopamina beta-Hidroxilase/genética , Esquizofrenia/genética , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia , Adulto , Alelos , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Polimorfismo Genético , Risco , Esquizofrenia/enzimologia , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia
18.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(9)2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32947867

RESUMO

In this study, we selected basalt fiber (BF) as a functional filler to improve the mechanical properties of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)-based flame retardant materials. Firstly, BF was modified by grafting γ-aminopropyl triethoxysilane (KH550). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were used to comprehensively prove the successful modification of the BF surface. Subsequently, the modified BF was introduced into the EVA/magnesium hydroxide (MH) composites by melt blending. The limiting oxygen index (LOI), UL-94, cone calorimeter test, tensile test, and non-notched impact test were utilized to characterize both the flame retardant properties and mechanical properties of the EVA/MH composites. It was found that the mechanical properties were significantly enhanced without reducing the flame retardant properties of the EVA/MH composites. Notably, the surface treatment with silane is a simple and low-cost method for BF surface modification and the pathway designed in this study can be both practical and effective for polymer performance enhancement.

19.
Bioorg Chem ; 104: 104251, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920361

RESUMO

Two novel Diels-Alder [4 + 2] cycloadducts of quaternary protoberberine alkaloids and fumaric acid monoanion, corydecumbenines A and B (1 and 2), and six known isoquinoline analogues (3-8) were isolated from the rhizomes of Corydalis decumbens. The planar structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis including UV, IR, HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR. Chiral chromatography of 1 and 2 afforded two pairs of enantiomers (+)-corydecumbenine A (1a), (-)-corydecumbenine A (1b), (+)-corydecumbenine B (2a), and (-)-corydecumbenine B (2b), respectively, and their absolute configurations were determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography and comparison of experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Compounds 1b and 2b exhibited significant nitric oxide (NO) inhibitory activities in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV-2 cells with IC50 values of 11.6 and 16.2 µM, respectively, comparable to the positive control indomethacin (IC50 = 10.3 µM), and they could also decrease the level of interleukin (IL)-1ß in BV-2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Most of the isolates showed neuroprotective effects against the injury of OGD/R-induced PC12 cells at 20 µM.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Corydalis/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Rizoma/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Glucose/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/isolamento & purificação , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Células PC12 , Ratos , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
20.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 6873-6884, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764979

RESUMO

Aim: This study aimed to explore the regulative mechanisms of miR-27a-3p in chemo-resistance of breast cancer cells. Materials and Methods: qRT-PCR was employed to determine miR-27a-3p expression in two breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 and MCF-7/adriamycin-resistant cell line (MCF-7/ADR). The two cell lines were treated with miR-27a-3p mimics or inhibitors or corresponding negative control (NC), respectively. The changes were investigated by qRT-PCR, CCK-8 assay, Western blot (WB), colony formation assay, and flow cytometry assay. Moreover, luciferase reporter assay was analyzed to verify the downstream target gene of miR-27a-3p. Further investigation in the correlation between miR-27a-3p and BTG2 was launched by WB, flow cytometry assay, and CCK-8 assay. The expression of Akt and p-Akt was detected by WB. Key Findings: Significantly higher miR-27a-3p expression was confirmed in MCF-7/ADR as compared with sensitive cell line MCF-7 (P<0.05). The down-regulation of miR-27a-3p in MCF-7/ADR enhanced the sensitivity of cancer cells to adriamycin treatment, decreased multidrug resistance gene 1/P-glycoprotein (MDR1/P-gp) expression, enhanced the apoptosis-related proteins expression, increased adriamycin-induced apoptosis, and inhibited cell proliferation as compared to NC groups (P<0.05). The up-regulation of miR-27a-3p in MCF-7 showed the opposite results. BTG2 is identified as a direct target of miR-27a-3p and its down-regulation reversed ADR-resistance. BTG2 treatment exhibited inhibitory effect on PI3K/Akt pathway in MCF-7/ADR cells. Significance: miR-27a-3p might be associated with resistance of breast cancer cells to adriamycin treatments, modulating cell proliferation and apoptosis by targeting BTG2 and promoting the PI3K/Akt pathway in breast cancer cells. miR-27a-3p/BTG2 axis might be a potential therapeutic target for clinical BC resistance.

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