Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 558
Filtrar
1.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131862, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403899

RESUMO

The ubiquitous presence of inorganic and organic phosphorus in wastewater and natural water bodies has deteriorated the water environment qualities and exerted significant influences on ecosystems. In this study, an effective polypyrrole modified red mud adsorbent (PRM) was optimized for the adsorptive removal of inorganic and organic phosphorus from aqueous solutions. The addition of ferric chloride and pyrrole was optimized for complete oxidation and modification of polypyrrole onto red mud. Kinetic studies illustrated that the adsorption progress was accomplished by physical and chemical adsorption. The experimental data of the optimized PRM were described well by Langmuir isotherm, and the equilibrium adsorption capacity was 32.9 and 54.7 mg/g for inorganic and organic phosphorus, respectively. The PRM showed commendable adsorption performance despite the pH conditions ranging from 3 to 11. From the effect of ion strength and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) tests, we found that ligand exchange is the main mechanism of orthophosphate adsorption onto PRM, while electrostatic attraction played an important role in organic phosphorus adsorption. The adsorption performance from column studies showed that the velocity of flow influenced the breakthrough time of the column but the initial concentration had minor impacts. This study would extend the potential application of polypyrrole modified red mud, acting as an efficient adsorbent for inorganic and organic phosphorus adsorption in water treatment.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Adsorção , Ecossistema , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Fósforo , Polímeros , Pirróis , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
2.
Mem Cognit ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34855150

RESUMO

Recent studies found that making judgments of learning (JOLs) can reactively facilitate memory, a phenomenon termed the reactivity effect of JOLs. The current study was designed to explore (1) whether making judgments of forgetting (JOFs) can also enhance memory and (2) whether there is any difference between the reactivity effects of JOFs and JOLs. Experiment 1 found that soliciting JOFs significantly enhanced retention of single words. Experiments 2 and 3 observed minimal difference in reactivity effects between JOFs and JOLs on learning of single words and word pairs. Finally, a meta-analysis was conducted to integrate results across studies to explore whether retention of items studied with JOLs differed from that of items studied with JOFs. The meta-analytic results showed minimal difference. Overall, the documented findings imply that (1) making JOFs reactively enhances memory, and (2) there is little difference in reactivity effects between JOFs and JOLs. These findings support the positive-reactivity theory to account for the reactivity effect.

3.
J Cosmet Laser Ther ; : 1-8, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812096

RESUMO

The non-ablative fractional erbium-doped glass 1,565-nm laser (NAFL) and the microneedle fractional radiofrequency (MFR) procedures are effective treatments that enable periorbital skin rejuvenation. To compare the clinical effectiveness and side effects of MFR and the NAFL for baggy lower eyelids (BLEs) in the Chinese population. Fifteen Chinese subjects with BLEs received three split-face treatments on a monthly basis randomly. Objective and subjective assessments were performed at baseline, as well as 1 month and 3 months after the third treatment. The results were evaluated using Antera-3D and CineScan systems. Blinded investigator assessments were performed by two plastic surgeons using a 0 to 4 score in six anatomic categories of BLEs. The patients also reported their level of satisfaction based on a four-point score. Most of the patients reported a greater than 47% satisfaction rate with both treatments. The cumulative contribution scores of prolapse of orbital fat, hollow tear trough, and skin laxity for each category variable declined with time. Using Antera 3D, the volume of elevation (mm3) decreased from 0.6 ± 0.4 to 0.4 ± 0.3 and from 0.6 ± 0.3 to 0.3 ± 0.3, the elevation area (mm2) decreased from 17.0 ± 8.4 to 13.0 ± 7.1 and from 17.0 ± 7.8 to 10.0 ± 5.6, and the maximum peak height (mm) also decreased from 0.10 ± 0.04 to 0.06 ± 0.04 and from 0.10 ± 0.03 to 0.06 ± 0.02 in the MFR and NAFL groups, respectively. Using CineScan, the depth of middle orbital fat (mm) decreased significantly from 10.2 ± 2.2 to 8.0 ± 0.7 and from 9.8 ± 1.1 to 8.0 ± 0.9 and the length of orbital fat significantly decreased from 9.2 ± 1.2 to 7.7 ± 0.7 and from 9.7 ± 1.4 to 7.8 ± 0.6 in the MFR and NAFL groups, respectively. MFR and NAFL therapies were effective for the treatment of BLEs, especially in BLE patients with skin elasticity in addition to tear trough deformity and orbital fat prolapse. Trial registration number: NCT04237324. Trial register: ClinicalTrials.gov. Level of Evidence: Level I, therapeutic study.

4.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 78(24): 8209-8227, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741186

RESUMO

Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. Sestrin2 (SESN2), a highly evolutionarily conserved protein, is critically involved in the cellular response to various stresses and has been confirmed to maintain the homeostasis of the internal environment. However, the potential effects of SESN2 in regulating dendritic cells (DCs) pyroptosis in the context of sepsis and the related mechanisms are poorly characterized. In this study, we found that SESN2 was capable of decreasing gasdermin D (GSDMD)-dependent pyroptosis of splenic DCs by inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress (ERS)-related nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3)-mediated ASC pyroptosome formation and caspase-1 (CASP-1) activation. Furthermore, SESN2 deficiency induced NLRP3/ASC/CASP-1-dependent pyroptosis and the production of proinflammatory cytokines by exacerbating the PERK-ATF4-CHOP signaling pathway, resulting in an increase in the mortality of septic mice, which was reversed by inhibiting ERS. These findings suggest that SESN2 appears to be essential for inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome hyperactivation, reducing CASP-1-dependent pyroptosis, and improving sepsis outcomes through stabilization of the ER. The present study might have important implications for exploration of novel potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of sepsis complications.

5.
Pharmaceutics ; 13(11)2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34834304

RESUMO

Cell-based drug delivery systems have shown tremendous advantages in cancer treatment due to their distinctive properties. For instance, delivery of therapeutics using tumor-tropic cells like neutrophils, lymphocytes and mesenchymal stem cells can achieve specific tumor targeting due to the "Trojan Horse" effect. Other circulatory cells like erythrocytes and platelets can greatly improve the circulation time of nanoparticles due to their innate long circulation property. Adipocytes, especially cancer-associated adipocytes, play key roles in tumor development and metabolism, therefore, adipocytes are regarded as promising bio-derived nanoplatforms for anticancer targeted drug delivery. Nanomaterials are important participants in cell-based drug delivery because of their unique physicochemical characteristics. Therefore, the integration of various nanomaterials with different cell types will endow the constructed delivery systems with many attractive properties due to the merits of both. In this review, a number of strategies based on nanomaterial-involved cell-mediated drug delivery systems for cancer treatment will be summarized. This review discusses how nanomaterials can be a benefit to cell-based therapies and how cell-derived carriers overcome the limitations of nanomaterials, which highlights recent advancements and specific biomedical applications based on nanomaterial-mediated, cell-based drug delivery systems.

6.
Front Nutr ; 8: 700936, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746200

RESUMO

Objective: This review aimed to systematically summarize and meta-analyze the association between eating speed and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Methods: Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews, and Meta Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, four electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, and EMBASE) were searched until March 2021 to identify eligible articles based on a series of inclusion and exclusion criteria. Heterogeneity was examined using I 2 statistics. Using random-effects models, the pooled odds ratios (ORs), and 95% CIs were calculated to evaluate the association between eating speed with MetS and its components, including central obesity, blood pressure (BP), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), triglyceride (TG), and fasting plasma glucose (FPG). Results: Of the 8,500 original hits generated by the systematic search, 29 eligible studies with moderate-to-high quality were included, involving 465,155 subjects. The meta-analysis revealed that eating faster was significantly associated with higher risks of MetS (OR = 1.54, 95% CI: 1.27-1.86), central obesity (OR = 1.54, 95% CI: 1.37-1.73), elevated BP (OR = 1.26, 95% CI: 1.13-1.40), low HDL (OR = 1.23, 95% CI: 1.15-1.31), elevated TG (OR = 1.29, 95% CI: 1.18-1.42), and elevated FPG (OR = 1.16, 95% CI: 1.06-1.27) compared to eating slowly. Conclusions: The results of the review indicated that eating speed was significantly associated with MetS and its components. Interventions related to decreasing eating speed may be beneficial for the management of MetS. Systematic Review Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42021242213, identifier: CRD42021242213.

7.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 760195, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790708

RESUMO

Background: Response rates for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients without intrinsic left bundle-branch block (LBBB) morphology are poor. Objective: We sought to develop a nomogram model to predict response to CRT in patients without intrinsic LBBB. Methods: We searched electronic health records for patients without intrinsic LBBB who underwent CRT at Mayo Clinic. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis were performed for the odds of response to CRT and risk of death, respectively. Results were used to develop the nomogram model. Results: 761 patients without intrinsic LBBB were identified. Six months after CRT, 47.8% of patients demonstrated improvement of left ventricular ejection fraction by more than 5%. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 95.9, 82.4, and 66.70%, respectively. Patients with CRT upgrade from pacemaker [odds ratio (OR), 1.67 (95% CI, 1.05-2.66)] or atrioventricular node (AVN) ablation [OR, 1.69 (95% CI, 1.09-2.64)] had a greater odds of CRT response than those patients who had new implant, or who did not undergo AVN ablation. Patients with right bundle-branch block had a low response rate (39.2%). Patients undergoing AVN ablation had a lower mortality rate than those without ablation [hazard ratio, 0.65 (95% CI, 0.46-0.91)]. Eight clinical variables were automatically selected to build a nomogram model and predict CRT response. The model had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.71 (95% CI, 0.63-0.78). Conclusions: Among patients without intrinsic LBBB undergoing CRT, upgrade from pacemaker and AVN ablation were favorable factors in achieving CRT response and better long-term outcomes.

8.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795412

RESUMO

Neurovascular unit (NVU) is organized multi-cellular and multi-component networks that are essential for brain health and brain homeostasis maintaining. Neurovascular unit dysfunction is the central pathogenesis process of ischemic stroke. Thus integrated protection of NVU holds great therapeutic potential for ischemic stroke. Catalpol, classified into the iridoid monosaccharide glycoside, is the main active ingredient of the radix from traditional Chinese medicine, Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch, that exhibits protective effects in several brain-related diseases. In the present study, we investigated whether catalpol exerted protective effects for NVU in ischemic stroke and the underlying mechanisms. MCAO rats were administered catalpol (2.5, 5.0, 10.0 mg·kg-1·d-1, i.v.) for 14 days. We showed that catalpol treatment dose-dependently reduced the infarction volume and significantly attenuated neurological deficits score in MCAO rats. Furthermore, catalpol treatment significantly ameliorated impaired NVU in ischemic region by protecting vessel-neuron-astrocyte structures and morphology, and promoting angiogenesis and neurogenesis to replenish lost vessels and neurons. Moreover, catalpol treatment significantly increased the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) through up-regulating PI3K/AKT signaling, followed by increasing FAK and Paxillin and activating PI3K/AKT and MEK1/2/ERK1/2 pathways. The protective mechanisms of catalpol were confirmed in an in vitro three-dimensional NVU model subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation. In conclusion, catalpol protects NVU in ischemic region via activation of PI3K/AKT signaling and increased VEGF production; VEGF further enhances PI3K/AKT and MEK1/2/ERK1/2 signaling, which may trigger a partly feed-forward loop to protect NVU from ischemic stroke.

9.
J Clin Invest ; 131(22)2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609966

RESUMO

Ferroptosis, an iron-dependent nonapoptotic cell death, is a highly regulated tumor suppressing process. However, functions and mechanisms of RNA-binding proteins in regulation of evasion of ferroptosis during lung cancer progression are still largely unknown. Here, we report that the RNA-binding protein RBMS1 participates in lung cancer development via mediating ferroptosis evasion. Through an shRNA-mediated systematic screen, we discovered that RBMS1 is a key ferroptosis regulator. Clinically, RBMS1 was elevated in lung cancer and its high expression was associated with reduced patient survival. Conversely, depletion of RBMS1 inhibited lung cancer progression both in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, RBMS1 interacted with the translation initiation factor eIF3d directly to bridge the 3'- and 5'-UTR of SLC7A11. RBMS1 ablation inhibited the translation of SLC7A11, reduced SLC7A11-mediated cystine uptake, and promoted ferroptosis. In a drug screen that targeted RBMS1, we further uncovered that nortriptyline hydrochloride decreased the level of RBMS1, thereby promoting ferroptosis. Importantly, RBMS1 depletion or inhibition by nortriptyline hydrochloride sensitized radioresistant lung cancer cells to radiotherapy. Our findings established RBMS1 as a translational regulator of ferroptosis and a prognostic factor with therapeutic potential and clinical value.

10.
Brain Commun ; 3(3): fcab207, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622207

RESUMO

Epilepsies are a group of common neurological disorders with a substantial genetic basis. Despite this, the molecular diagnosis of epilepsies remains challenging due to its heterogeneity. Studies utilizing whole-genome sequencing may provide additional insights into genetic causes of epilepsies of unknown aetiology. Whole-genome sequencing was used to evaluate a cohort of adults with unexplained developmental and epileptic encephalopathies (n = 30), for whom prior genetic tests, including whole-exome sequencing in some cases, were negative or inconclusive. Rare single nucleotide variants, insertions/deletions, copy number variants and tandem repeat expansions were analysed. Seven pathogenic or likely pathogenic single nucleotide variants, and two pathogenic deleterious copy number variants were identified in nine patients (32.1% of the cohort). One of the copy number variants, identified in a patient with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, was too small to be detected by chromosomal microarray techniques. We also identified two tandem repeat expansions with clinical implications in two other patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome: a CGG repeat expansion in the 5'untranslated region of DIP2B, and a CTG expansion in ATXN8OS (previously implicated in spinocerebellar ataxia type 8). Three patients had KCNA2 pathogenic variants. One of them died of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy. The other two patients had, in addition to a KCNA2 variant, a second de novo variant impacting potential epilepsy-relevant genes (KCNIP4 and UBR5). Overall, whole-genome sequencing provided a genetic explanation in 32.1% of the total cohort. This is also the first report of coding and non-coding tandem repeat expansions identified in patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. This study demonstrates that using whole-genome sequencing, the examination of multiple types of rare genetic variation, including those found in the non-coding region of the genome, can help resolve unexplained epilepsies.

11.
ISME J ; 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671104

RESUMO

The rhizosphere microbiome forms a first line of defense against soilborne pathogens. To date, most microbiome enhancement strategies have relied on bioaugmentation with antagonistic microorganisms that directly inhibit pathogens. Previous studies have shown that some root-associated bacteria are able to facilitate pathogen growth. We therefore hypothesized that inhibiting such pathogen helpers may help reduce pathogen densities. We examined tripartite interactions between a model pathogen, Ralstonia solanacearum, two model helper strains and a collection of 46 bacterial isolates recovered from the tomato rhizosphere. This system allowed us to examine the importance of direct (effects of rhizobacteria on pathogen growth) and indirect (effects of rhizobacteria on helper growth) pathways affecting pathogen growth. We found that the interaction between rhizosphere isolates and the helper strains was the major determinant of pathogen suppression both in vitro and in vivo. We therefore propose that controlling microbiome composition to prevent the growth of pathogen helpers may become part of sustainable strategies for pathogen control.

12.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5796, 2021 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34608154

RESUMO

The axonemal central pair (CP) are non-centrosomal microtubules critical for planar ciliary beat. How they form, however, is poorly understood. Here, we show that mammalian CP formation requires Wdr47, Camsaps, and microtubule-severing activity of Katanin. Katanin severs peripheral microtubules to produce central microtubule seeds in nascent cilia. Camsaps stabilize minus ends of the seeds to facilitate microtubule outgrowth, whereas Wdr47 concentrates Camsaps into the axonemal central lumen to properly position central microtubules. Wdr47 deficiency in mouse multicilia results in complete loss of CP, rotatory beat, and primary ciliary dyskinesia. Overexpression of Camsaps or their microtubule-binding regions induces central microtubules in Wdr47-/- ependymal cells but at the expense of low efficiency, abnormal numbers, and wrong location. Katanin levels and activity also impact the central microtubule number. We propose that Wdr47, Camsaps, and Katanin function together for the generation of non-centrosomal microtubule arrays in polarized subcellular compartments.


Assuntos
Cílios/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Animais , Axonema/metabolismo , Transtornos da Motilidade Ciliar/genética , Transtornos da Motilidade Ciliar/metabolismo , Transtornos da Motilidade Ciliar/patologia , Expressão Gênica , Katanina/genética , Katanina/metabolismo , Camundongos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639644

RESUMO

A wearable activity tracker (WAT) incorporated with behavioral change techniques (BCTs) increases physical activity in younger adults; however, its effectiveness with frail older adults is unknown. The feasibility and preliminary effects of a WAT-based exercise intervention to increase physical activity levels in frail older adults was investigated in this pilot study involving 40 community-dwelling frail older adults. The experimental group received a 14-week WAT-based group exercise intervention and a 3-month follow-up, while the control group only received similar physical training and all BCTs. The recruitment rate was 93%, and the average attendance rate was 85.2% and 82.2% in the WAT and control groups, respectively, establishing feasibility. Adherence to wearing the WAT was 94.2% and 92% during the intervention and follow-up periods, respectively. A significant interaction effect between time and group was found in all physical assessments, possibly lasting for 3 months post-intervention. However, no significant difference between groups was observed in any daily activity level by the ActiGraph measurement. The majority of the WAT group's ActiGraph measurements reverted to baseline levels at the 1-month follow-up. Thus, the WAT-based exercise program has potential for employment among community-dwelling frail older adults, but sustaining the effects after the intervention remains a major challenge.


Assuntos
Monitores de Aptidão Física , Idoso Fragilizado , Idoso , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Projetos Piloto
14.
Infect Drug Resist ; 14: 4183-4189, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675563

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ertapenem on Neisseria gonorrhoeae collected from eight Chinese provinces in 2018. Methods: The MICs of ertapenem on 503 Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates (415 isolates selected randomly and 88 isolates selected with preference) were measured using the agar dilution method. For comparison, the MICs of ceftriaxone and azithromycin were detected. Results: Among 415 randomly selected isolates, the MIC range for ertapenem was from ≤0.008 mg/L to 0.5 mg/L. The corresponding MIC50 and MIC90 were 0.06 and 0.125 mg/L, respectively. Twelve of 415 isolates (2.9%) exhibited MIC values ≥0.25 mg/L, and only one isolate (0.2%) had a MIC of 0.5 mg/L. By comparing all 503 tested isolates, a correlation of r = 0.487 (P <0.001) between ertapenem and ceftriaxone MIC was observed, and the correlation between MICs of ertapenem and azithromycin was low (r = -0.12, P = 0.007). In 24 ceftriaxone-decreased susceptibility isolates, four isolates (16.7%) showed a MIC ≥0.25 mg/L for ertapenem. In 85 azithromycin resistant isolates, three isolates (3.5%) showed a MIC ≥0.25 mg/L for ertapenem. Conclusion: The in vitro results suggest that ertapenem has satisfactory susceptibility in isolates collected from eight provinces in China; hence, it might be a promising treatment option for resistant gonococcal infections.

15.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34667293

RESUMO

Decaprenylphosphoryl-ß-D-ribose oxidase (DprE1) plays important roles in the biosynthesis of mycobacterium cell wall. DprE1 inhibitors have shown great potentials in the development of new regimens for tuberculosis (TB) treatment. In this study, an integrated molecular modeling strategy, which combined computational bioactivity fingerprints and structure-based virtual screening, was employed to identify potential DprE1 inhibitors. Two lead compounds (B2 and H3) that could inhibit DprE1 and thus kill Mycobacterium smegmatis in vitro were identified. Moreover, compound H3 showed potent inhibitory activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in vitro (MICMtb = 1.25 µM) and low cytotoxicity against mouse embryo fibroblast NIH-3T3 cells. Our research provided an effective strategy to discover novel anti-TB lead compounds.

16.
Child Dev ; 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655225

RESUMO

Recent studies established that making concurrent judgments of learning (JOLs) can significantly alter (typically enhance) memory itself-a reactivity effect. The current study recruited 190 Chinese children (Mage  = 8.68 years; 101 female) in 2020 and 2021 to explore the reactivity effect on children's learning, its developmental trajectory and associated metacognitive awareness. The results showed that making JOLs significantly enhanced retention for students in Grades 1, 3, and 5, with Cohen's ds ranging from 0.40 to 1.33. Grade 5 students exhibited a larger reactivity effect than Grade 1 and 3 students. Children's metacognitive appreciation of the effect was weak. Firsthand experience of the reactivity effect, induced by taking a memory test, enhanced their awareness and calibrated their judgment accuracy.

17.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257547, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543341

RESUMO

Previous studies found that metamemory beliefs dominate the font size effect on judgments of learning (JOLs). However, few studies have investigated whether beliefs about font size contribute to the font size effect in circumstances of multiple cues. The current study aims to fill this gap. Experiment 1 adopted a 2 (font size: 70 pt vs. 9 pt) * 2 (word frequency (WF): high vs. low) within-subjects design. The results showed that beliefs about font size did not mediate the font size effect on JOLs when multiple cues (font size and WF) were simultaneously provided. Experiment 2 further explored whether WF moderates the contribution of beliefs about font size to the font size effect, in which a 2 (font size: 70 pt vs. 9 pt, as a within-subjects factor) * 2 (WF: high vs. low, as a between-subjects factor) mixed design was used. The results showed that the contribution of beliefs about font size to the font size effect was present in a pure list of low-frequency words, but absent in a pure list of high-frequency words. Lastly, a meta-analysis showed evidence supporting the proposal that the contribution of beliefs about font size to the font size effect on JOLs is moderated by WF. Even though numerous studies suggested beliefs about font size play a dominant role in the font size effect on JOLs, the current study provides new evidence suggesting that such contribution is conditional. Theoretical implications are discussed.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Rememoração Mental/fisiologia , Percepção de Tamanho/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Julgamento , Masculino , Metacognição , Reconhecimento Visual de Modelos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 5811-5829, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471353

RESUMO

Advanced research has revealed the crucial role of tumor microenvironment (TME) in tumorigenesis. TME consists of a complicated network with a variety of cell types including endothelial cells, pericytes, immune cells, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), cancer stem cells (CSCs) as well as the extracellular matrix (ECM). The TME-constituting cells interact with the cancerous cells through plenty of signaling mechanisms and pathways in a dynamical way, participating in tumor initiation, progression, metastasis, and response to therapies. Hence, TME is becoming an attractive therapeutic target in cancer treatment, exhibiting potential research interest and clinical benefits. Presently, the novel nanotechnology applied in TME regulation has made huge progress. The nanoparticles (NPs) can be designed as demand to precisely target TME components and to inhibit tumor progression through TME modulation. Moreover, nanotechnology-mediated drug delivery possesses many advantages including prolonged circulation time, enhanced bioavailability and decreased toxicity over traditional therapeutic modality. In this review, update information on TME remodeling through NPs-based targeted drug delivery strategies for anticancer therapy is summarized.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Células Endoteliais , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Microambiente Tumoral
19.
ACS Nano ; 15(9): 14347-14359, 2021 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472328

RESUMO

The successful control of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is not only relying on the development of vaccines, but also depending on the storage, transportation, and administration of vaccines. Ideally, nucleic acid vaccine should be directly delivered to proper immune cells or tissue (such as lymph nodes). However, current developed vaccines are normally treated through intramuscular injection, where immune cells do not normally reside. Meanwhile, current nucleic acid vaccines must be stored in a frozen state that may hinder their application in developing countries. Here, we report a separable microneedle (SMN) patch to deliver polymer encapsulated spike (or nucleocapsid) protein encoding DNA vaccines and immune adjuvant for efficient immunization. Compared with intramuscular injection, SMN patch can deliver nanovaccines into intradermal for inducing potent and durable adaptive immunity. IFN-γ+CD4/8+ and IL-2+CD4/8+ T cells or virus specific IgG are significantly increased after vaccination. Moreover, in vivo results show the SMN patches can be stored at room temperature for at least 30 days without decreases in immune responses. These features of nanovaccines-laden SMN patch are important for developing advanced COVID-19 vaccines with global accessibility.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , DNA , Humanos , Agulhas , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação
20.
Front Nutr ; 8: 700132, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490322

RESUMO

Objective: At present, the association of body mass index (BMI) with the prognosis of liver cirrhosis is controversial. Our retrospective study aimed to evaluate the impact of BMI on the outcome of liver cirrhosis. Methods: In the first part, long-term death was evaluated in 436 patients with cirrhosis and without malignancy from our prospectively established single-center database. In the second part, in-hospital death was evaluated in 379 patients with cirrhosis and with acute gastrointestinal bleeding (AGIB) from our retrospective multicenter study. BMI was calculated and categorized as underweight (BMI <18.5 kg/m2), normal weight (18.5 ≤ BMI < 23.0 kg/m2), and overweight/obese (BMI ≥ 23.0 kg/m2). Results: In the first part, Kaplan-Meier curve analyses demonstrated a significantly higher cumulative survival rate in the overweight/obese group than the normal weight group (p = 0.047). Cox regression analyses demonstrated that overweight/obesity was significantly associated with decreased long-term mortality compared with the normal weight group [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.635; 95% CI: 0.405-0.998; p = 0.049] but not an independent predictor after adjusting for age, gender, and Child-Pugh score (HR = 0.758; 95%CI: 0.479-1.199; p = 0.236). In the second part, Kaplan-Meier curve analyses demonstrated no significant difference in the cumulative survival rate between the overweight/obese and the normal weight groups (p = 0.094). Cox regression analyses also demonstrated that overweight/obesity was not significantly associated with in-hospital mortality compared with normal weight group (HR = 0.349; 95%CI: 0.096-1.269; p = 0.110). In both of the two parts, the Kaplan-Meier curve analyses demonstrated no significant difference in the cumulative survival rate between underweight and normal weight groups. Conclusion: Overweight/obesity is modestly associated with long-term survival in patients with cirrhosis but not an independent prognostic predictor. There is little effect of overweight/obesity on the short-term survival of patients with cirrhosis and with AGIB.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...