Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 72
Filtrar
1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 264: 120275, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411769

RESUMO

A turn on upconversion fluorescence probe based on the combination of ~32 nm NaYF4: Yb/Tm nanoparticles and MnO2 nanosheets has been established for rapid, sensitive detection of Fe2+ ions levels in aqueous solutions and serum. X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), absorption and emission spectra have been used to characterize the crystal structure, morphology and optical properties of the samples. MnO2 nanosheets on the surface of UCNPs act as a fluorescence quencher, resulting in the quenching of the blue fluorescence (with excitation/emission maximum of 980/476 nm) via fluorescence resonance energy transfer from upconversion nanoparticles to MnO2 nanosheets. With the adding of Fe2+, upconversion fluorescence of the nanocomposites recovers due to the reduction of MnO2 to Mn2+. Because of the low background of the probe offered by upconversion fluorescence, this probe can be used for detecting Fe2+ in aqueous solutions in the range of 0.1-22 µM with detection limit of 0.113 µM. The developed method has also been applied to detect 10 µM Fe2+ ions in serum with recoveries ranging from 97.6 to 105.3% for the five serum samples. Significantly, the probe shows fast response and stable signal, which is beneficial for long-time dynamic sensing. Thus, the proposed strategy holds great potential for disease diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Compostos de Manganês , Nanopartículas , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Íons , Óxidos
2.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929023

RESUMO

During the long-term operation of solid insulation materials, strong electric fields and mechanical stress cause electrical trees and cracks that are undetectable and irreversible, leading to the failure of electronic and electrical devices. A promising means of protecting against these problems is to endow the insulating materials with some self-healing capability alongside their excellent intrinsic properties. However, this has proved extremely challenging. In this paper, we describe an ultraviolet light, moisture, and magnetic field triple-response microcapsule that enables epoxy resin materials to heal themselves against various forms of damage without affecting the intrinsic performance of the matrix. In particular, microcapsules wrapped inside functional shells containing Fe3O4 nanoparticles are precisely controlled by a targeted magnetic field and distributed in the vulnerable area of the insulation materials, resulting in a high healing rate at low doping concentrations. Using the in situ ultraviolet light emitted by the electrical trees, artificial ultraviolet light, and moisture in the operating environment, it is possible to induce active or passive curing of the healing agent, thus realizing the intelligent, non-contact, and targeted self-healing of mechanical cracks and electrical tree damage. This method opens an avenue toward the development of self-healing insulation materials for electrical and electronic applications.

3.
Chemosphere ; : 133007, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826443

RESUMO

Photocatalysis is an effective method for the removal of formaldehyde (HCHO), and high-efficiency visible-light-driven photocatalysts were urgently required. Herein, oxygen vacancies (OVs) and nano copper oxides (CuOx) synergistically modified TiO2 (CuOx/TiO2-x) photocatalysts were synthesized by one-step hydrothermal followed by impregnation method. The photocatalytic decomposition of HCHO reached 100% at initial concentration of 180 ppm under relative humidity (RH) = 60% by 0.1g CuOx/TiO2-x in 150 min visible light irradiation. Characterization results explored the complementary effect of OVs and CuOx systematically. The OVs increased the separation efficiency of photogenerated charge carriers and act as adsorption/active sites in HCHO photocatalytic oxidation. The moisture and O2 were adsorbed and actived by OVs to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS). After doped CuOx on the surface of TiO2-x, the photoexcited electrons in Cu2O could transfer to the conduction band (CB) of TiO2-x and the photoexcited electrons of TiO2-x could be captured by Cu nanoparticles. Therefore, more ROS were generated due to the synergistic effect of OVs and CuOx. The In-situ Fourier transform infrared (in-situ FTIR) measurements show the hydroxyl radical (•OH) was the dominant radical in HCHO photocatalytic oxidation, while •O2- could also upgrade the photodegradation efficiency of HCHO. Furthermore, the stability tests showed the degradation efficiency of HCHO still reached 90% after five recycles, indicating that CuOx/TiO2-x nanocomposites displayed a stable and high photoactivity in volatile organic compounds (VOCs) decomposition.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721646

RESUMO

Gouty arthritis (GA) is a multifactorial disease whose pathogenesis is utterly complex, and the current clinical treatment methods cannot wholly prevent GA development. Western medicine is the primary treatment strategy for gouty arthritis, but it owns an unfavorable prognosis. Therefore, the prevention and treatment of GA are essential. In China, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been adopted for GA prevention and treatment for thousands of years. Gout patients are usually treated with TCM according to their different conditions, and long-term results can be achieved by improving their physical condition. And TCM has been proved to be an effective method to treat gout in modern China. Nevertheless, the pharmacological mechanism of TCM for gout is still unclear, which limits its spread. The theory of prevention and treatment of gout with TCM is more well acknowledged in China than in abroad. In this article, Chinese herbs and ancient formula for gout were summarized first. A total of more than 570 studies published from 2004 to June 2021 in PubMed, Medline, CNKI, VIP, Web of Science databases and Chinese Pharmacopoeia and traditional Chinese books were searched; the current status of TCM in the treatment of GA was summarized from the following aspects: articular chondrocyte apoptosis inhibition, antioxidative stress response, inflammatory cytokine levels regulation, uric acid excretion promotion, immune function regulation, uric acid reduction, and intestinal flora improvement in subjects with gout. The literature review concluded that TCM has a specific curative effect on the prevention and treatment of GA, particularly when combined with modern medical approaches. However, lacking a uniform definition of GA syndrome differentiation and the support of evidence-based medicine in clinical practice have provoked considerable concern in previous studies, which needs to be addressed in future research.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(28): 33485-33495, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232014

RESUMO

It remains challenging to promptly inhibit and autonomically heal electrical trees inside insulating dielectrics, which are caused by sustained strong electrical fields and substantially shorten electronic device lifetimes and even cause premature failure of electrical equipment. Therefore, we demonstrate a magnetically targeted ultraviolet (UV)-induced polymerization functional microcapsule (MTUF-MC) to endow insulating materials with physical and electrical dual-damage self-healing capabilities. Specifically, Fe3O4@SiO2 and TiO2 nanoparticles, which serve as magnetic targets and UV shields (thereby preventing the healing agent from prematurely triggering), constitute a functional microcapsule shell, ensuring a low dopant concentration and excellent self-healing ability of the epoxy composites without affecting the intrinsic performance of the matrix. By exploiting in situ electroluminescence originating from electrical trees, UV-induced polymerization of healing agent is handily triggered without any applying external stimuli to intelligently, contactlessly, and autonomously self-healing electrical trees inside insulating dielectrics.

6.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(4): 312-7, 2021 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) of Zusanli(ST36) and Zhongwan (CV12) on intestinal nutritional feeding intolerance in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). METHODS: A total of 68 SAP patients (hospitalized from January of 2018 to December of 2019 in Cangzhou Hospital of Integrated Medicine) were randomly divided into control and EA groups (n=34 cases in each group). All patients of the two groups received the same early enteral nutrition treatment through nasojejunal tube. EA (5-15 Hz, 1-5 mA) was applied to bilateral ST36 and CV12 for 20 min, twice a day for 7 days. The incidence of feeding intolerance (abdominal distension, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, gastrointestinal bleeding), time to reach energy target, intraperitoneal pressure and the number of borborygmus in 1 min were recorded. The contents of plasma high sensitivity -C reactive protein (hs-CRP), IL-6 and endotoxin were measured using Latex immunoturbidimetric method, chemiluminescence and Tachypiens Amebocyte Lysate Azo substrate color development method, respectively, and the contents of urinary lactulose and mannitol detected using high-performance liquid chromatography. The total protein and albumin levels in the blood were measured for assessing the patients' nutrition status, and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation scoring system (APACHE-Ⅱ) score was determined for assessing the severity of disease. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the incidence of abdominal distension, vomiting and constipation, intolerance rate to feeding, time to reach the energy target, intraperitoneal pressure on day 7, inflammatory indexes, hs-CRP, IL-6, endotoxin, urine L/M on day 4 and 7, and the APACHE Ⅱ score on day 7 were significantly lower (P<0.01), and the number of borborygmus in 1 min on day 4 and 7 after the treatment was significantly higher in the EA group (P<0.01). In comparison with pretreatment, the abdominal pressure and plasma endotoxin level on day 4 and 7, hs-CRP, IL-6 and L/M ratio on day 1, 4 and 7, as well as APACHE Ⅱ score on day 7 after the treatment were significantly decreased in the two groups (P<0.01), and the number of borborygmus on day 4 and 7, and the total protein and albumin on day 7 significantly increased in both the control and EA groups (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: EA of ST36 and CV12 can shorten the time to reach the energy target, reduce inflammatory response, improve the intestinal mucosal barrier function, and thus reduce the incidence of feeding intolerance in SAP patients.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Pancreatite , Pontos de Acupuntura , Doença Aguda , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mucosa Intestinal , Pancreatite/terapia
7.
J Invertebr Pathol ; 186: 107596, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33910037

RESUMO

Microsporidia are a group of obligate intracellular parasites which lack mitochondria and have highly reduced genomes. Therefore, they are unable to produce ATP via the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and oxidative phosphorylation. Instead, they have evolved strategies to obtain and manipulate host metabolism to acquire nutrients. However, little is known about how microsporidia modulate host energy metabolisms. Here, we present the first targeted metabolomics study to investigate changes in host energy metabolism as a result of infection by a microsporidian. Metabolites of silkworm embryo cell (BmE) were measured 48 h post infection by Nosema bombycis. Thirty metabolites were detected, nine of which were upregulated and mainly involved in glycolysis (glucose 6-phosphate, fructose 1,6-bisphosphate) and the TCA cycle (succinate, α-ketoglutarate, cis-aconitate, isocitrate, citrate, fumarate). Pathway enrichment analysis suggested that the upregulated metabolites could promote the synthesization of nucleotides, fatty acids, and amino acids by the host. ATP concentration in host cells, however, was not significantly changed by the infection. This ATP homeostasis was also found in Encephalitozoon hellem infected mouse macrophage RAW264.7, human monocytic leukemia THP-1, human embryonic kidney 293, and human foreskin fibroblast cells. These findings suggest that microsporidia have evolved strategies to maintain levels of ATP in the host while stimulating metabolic pathways to provide additional nutrients for the parasite.

8.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(2): 169-173, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627213

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term clinical effect of multicenter multidisciplinary treatment (MDT) in children with renal malignant tumors. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 55 children with renal malignant tumors who were diagnosed and treated with MDT in 3 hospitals in Hunan Province from January 2015 to January 2020, with GD-WT-2010 and CCCG-WT-2016 for treatment regimens. A Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to analyze the survival of the children. RESULTS: Of the 55 children, 10 had stage I tumor, 14 had stage Ⅱ tumor, 22 had stage Ⅲ tumor, 7 had stage IV tumor, and 2 had stage V tumor. As for pathological type, 47 had FH type and 8 had UFH type. All children underwent complete tumor resection. Of the 55 children, 14 (25%) received preoperative chemotherapy. All children, except 1 child with renal cell carcinoma, received postoperative chemotherapy. Among the 31 children with indication for radiotherapy, 21 (68%) received postoperative radiotherapy. One child died of postoperative metastasis. The incidence rate of FH-type myelosuppression was 94.4%, and the incidence rate of UFH-type myelosuppression was 100%. The median follow-up time was 21 months and the median survival time was 26 months for all children, with an overall survival rate of 98% and an event-free survival rate of 95%. CONCLUSIONS: Multicenter MDT has the advantages of high success rate of operation and good therapeutic effect of chemotherapy in the treatment of children with renal malignant tumors, with myelosuppression as the most common side effects, and radiotherapy is safe and effective with few adverse events. Therefore, MDT has good feasibility, safety, and economy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Criança , Família , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(4): 5564-5573, 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496179

RESUMO

Preserving the functionality of nanosensors is critical for their reliable performance under harsh environmental conditions. Biofunctionalized plasmonic nanostructures are an important class of bionanoconjugates for biosensing, bioimaging, and nanotherapeutics. Plasmonic nanostructures and biomolecules exhibit poor thermal stability over time. Here, we report a class of metal-organic framework, zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8), as a protective coating for preserving plasmonic nanostructures and plasmonic bionanoconjugates at elevated temperature. Gold nanobipyramids (AuNBPs) with sharp tips are attractive plasmonic nanotransducers with high sensitivity but are prone to structural change and loss of sensitivity. This work reports the first observation that ZIF-8 can preserve the structure of AuNBPs and their corresponding strong electromagnetic field enhancement and high refractive index sensitivity. In addition, ZIF-8 coating enables nearly 100% retention of biorecognition capability of antibodies immobilized on the AuNBP surface after exposure to 60 °C for 48 h. The efficacy, versatility, and facile implementation of ZIF-8 coating offer great promise for the preservation of nanosensors.

10.
J Hazard Mater ; 412: 125186, 2021 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33516110

RESUMO

Pharmaceutical active compounds (PhACs), as a kind of widely used pharmaceutical drugs, has attracted much attention. The bismuth oxyhalides (BiOX)-based photocatalysis can remove PhACs efficiently due to its unique layered structure, optical and electronic properties. Nevertheless, the rapid recombination of photogenerated electron-hole pairs, and the inherent instability of structure have limited its practical application. In order to solve these problems, recent modification studies tend to focus on facet control, elemental doping, bismuth-rich strategies, defect engineering and heterojunction. Therefore, the objective of this review is to summarize the recent developments in multiply modified strategies for PhACs degradation. The synthesis methods, photocatalytic properties and the enhancement mechanism are elaborated. Besides, based on theoretical calculation, the reactive sites of typical PhACs attacked by different reactive oxygen species were also proposed. Subsequently, challenges and opportunities in applications are also featured which include factors, viz., dissolution of halogen ions, instability under visible light, applications of real water/wastewater, intermediates and byproducts toxicity analysis of BiOX-based photocatalysis. Finally, the perspectives of BiOX-based photocatalysis for PhACs photodegradation in actual water applications are highlighted.


Assuntos
Bismuto , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Catálise , Domínio Catalítico , Luz
11.
Chemosphere ; 264(Pt 2): 128515, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070061

RESUMO

With the widespread use, chlorinated organophosphorus flame retardants (Cl-OPFRs) as a new emerging contaminant have been widely detected in water environments over the last few years. In this study, the degradation of a typical Cl-OPFR, TCEP (tris (2-chloroethyl) phosphate), by electrochemical reduction was investigated. It was found that copper (Cu) foam as the cathode showed more rapid and effective degradation for TCEP, compared to other cathodes. When TCEP was at the low concentrations (0.1 and 1 mg L-1), its degradation by Cu foam could reach above 95% within 20 min, and the maximum rate constant was 0.127 min-1. TCEP reduction was little influenced by the co-existing humic substance and anions, except Cl-. Compared with the reported oxidation methods, electrochemical reduction showed fast and stable degradation for TCEP. For other types of Cl-OPFRs, electrochemical reduction displayed a fast and effective removal for tris (1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate but lower removal for tris (2-cholroisopropyl) phosphate who possessed methyl units in the branched chains, influencing its reducibility. Based on the product analysis and Fukui function calculation, the bonds of TCEP molecule were found to be gradually broken, and the three oxygen-ethyl-chlorine arms were cleaved one by one. The products including C6H13Cl2O4P (MW = 249.99278 Da), C4H9Cl2O4P (MW = 221.96105 Da) and C4H10ClO4P (MW = 188.0002 Da) were detected at 60 min reaction, and those intermediates showed much lower toxicities than TCEP according to the previous report. The findings may provide a promising treatment for Cl-OPFRs removal from aqueous environments and help understand their reductive fate.


Assuntos
Retardadores de Chama , Cloro , Cobre , Cinética , Organofosfatos , Compostos Organofosforados , Fosfatos
12.
Microb Drug Resist ; 27(3): 301-310, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706619

RESUMO

Aims: Fish pathogenic Lactococcus garvieae serotype II has been isolated from cultured fish species in Japan. This study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms of lincomycin (LCM)-resistant L. garvieae serotype II and assess the molecular basis for lincosamides-streptogramins A-pleuromutilins (LSAP)-resistant phenotype. Results: We identified a novel lsa(D)-encoded 497-aa ATP-binding cassette F (ABC-F) protein in the LSAP-resistant strains. Amino acid identities of 41.25-54.73% were obtained between the deduced amino acids from Lsa(D) and other Lsa-type ABC-F proteins. Furthermore, comparative analysis revealed that the allele of lsa(D) with single point mutation at 233 aa position (TGG → TAG; tryptophan→premature termination codon [PTC]) in LSAP-sensitive strains. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of antimicrobials against the lsa(D) complementary strain and lsa(D)-disrupted mutant confirmed that lsa(D) conferred the LSAP-resistant phenotype. The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction could not detect the noncoding region of lsa(D) allelic variant in the LSAP-sensitive strains. Additionally, the PTC (TAG) in LCM-sensitive strains was replaced by TGG, CAG, or TAT in the laboratory-induced revertant mutants. Conclusions: The novel lsa(D) conferred the LSAP-resistant phenotype in clinically LCM-resistant L. garvieae serotype II strains. However, the allele of lsa(D) gene containing the PTC was found in L. garvieae serotype II, resulting in the LSAP-susceptible phenotype.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Lactococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Lincosamidas/farmacologia , Compostos Policíclicos/farmacologia , Estreptogramina A/farmacologia , Animais , Aquicultura , Peixes , Genes Bacterianos/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
13.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 5(3): 2163-2165, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33366953

RESUMO

The complete mitogenome of Saccharum spp. hybrid FN15 was successfully sequenced. It contains two distinct circular chromosomes, Chromosome 1 and Chromosome 2. The former is 301,533 bp in length with the GC content of 43.90%, and 7.12% of genome (21,468 nucleotides) are coding DNA while 92.88% of genome (280,065 nucleotides) are intergenic region. The latter is 144,744 bp in length with the GC content of 43.57%, and 8.20% of genome (11,865 nucleotides) are coding DNA and 91.80% of genome (132,879 nucleotides) are intergenic region. Besides, Chromosome 1 contains 22 protein-coding genes (four atp genes, three ccm genes, three cox genes, one mat gene, one mtt gene, six nad genes and four rps genes), and 21 non-coding genes (15 tRNA and six rRNAs), whereas in Chromosome 2, there are 13 protein-coding genes (two atp genes, one ccm gene, one cob gene, one cox gene, one rpl gene, four nad genes and three rps genes) and five tRNA genes. Maximum Likelihood phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that FN15 is close with S. spp. hybrid ROC22, S. officinarum Khon Kaen 3 and S. bicolor species. This complete mitochondrial genome will provide essential DNA molecular data for further phylogenetic and evolutionary analysis for Saccharum.

14.
Acta Biomater ; 118: 44-53, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035692

RESUMO

Over the past few decades, DNA-based computing technology has become a rapidly developing technology and shown remarkable capabilities in handling complex computational problems. However, most of the logical operations that DNA computer can achieve are still very basic or using large-scale operations to realize complex functions, especially in mathematics. Graphene oxide (GO) is an ideal nanomaterial for biological computing, which has been used in our previous work to perform basic logic operations. Here, we utilize GO to implement far more complex and large-scale logical computing. For the first time, in this work, we utilize the unique interaction between GO and a variety of classified single-stranded DNAs as the reaction platform, by segmenting and encoding the DNA sequences, and programming the interactions between inputs and between the inputs and reaction platform, two relative large-scale logic operations, 6-bit square-root and 9-bit cube-root logical circuits are realized. This study provides a simple but efficient method for advanced and large-scale logical mathematic operations in biotechnology, opening a new horizon for building biocomputer-based innovative functional devices.


Assuntos
Computadores Moleculares , Lógica , Sequência de Bases , DNA
15.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(4): 1880-1887, 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608697

RESUMO

Because commercial organic fertilizers may contain cadmium (Cd) and may cause the dual effect of "inhibition" and "activation" on Cd availability in paddy soil with organic fertilizer input, the reduction of rice Cd following organic fertilizer application is still uncertain. Herewith, typical purple mud paddy fields were selected in the eastern Hunan Province. The effect of commercial organic fertilizer input on Cd reduction of double-rice paddy ecosystem was monitored for four consecutive years. The relationships between brown rice Cd content, soil available Cd, and soil factors (pH, soil labile organic carbon fractions, and iron oxide) at different growth stages in double-rice paddy fields were investigated. Results showed that the input of organic fertilizer reduced the Cd content in brown rice by 28%-56%. Meanwhile, the decrease of Cd content in brown rice of late rice (43%-56%) was higher than that of early rice (28%-45%), and the inter-annual fluctuation of the decrease was relatively small. On the one hand, soil available Cd content decreased by 6%-7% during several growth stages of double-rice (from tillering peak stage to full heading stage) with organic fertilizer input. Additionally, the content of soil exchangeable Cd was decreased by 11%, whereas the content of organic bound Cd was increased by 14%. This directly reflects the decrease of soil Cd availability. On the other hand, the soil pH value was steadily increased by 0.1-0.3 units following organic fertilizer input, which promoted the development of soil from acidity to slight acidity. Besides, the content of soil active organic carbon (light fraction organic carbon, coarse particulate organic carbon, and fine particulate organic carbon) was increased significantly (53%, 77%, and 107%, respectively). This indirectly reflects the decrease in soil Cd availability. This study implies that the decrease of soil Cd availability may be the primary driving force for the reduction of rice Cd content with consecutive organic fertilizer input in purple mud paddy fields.


Assuntos
Oryza , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Cádmio/análise , Ecossistema , Fertilizantes/análise , Solo
16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(32): 35977-35985, 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677818

RESUMO

Point-of-care biosensors are critically important for early disease diagnosis and timely clinical intervention in resource-limited settings. The real-world application of these biosensors requires the use of stable biological reagents and cost-effective fabrication approaches. To meet these stringent requirements, we introduce a generic encapsulation strategy to realize ultrastable plasmonic bioink by encapsulating antibodies with an organosiloxane polymer through in situ polymerization. Plasmonic nanostructures serve as sensitive nanotransducers, allowing for label-free biochemical detection. The plasmonic bioink with encapsulated antibodies exhibits excellent thermal, biological, and colloidal stabilities making it compatible with printing process. As a proof-of-concept, we demonstrate the printability of the ultrastable plasmonic bioinks on different types of substrates with direct writing techniques. The organosiloxane polymer preserves the biorecognition capabilities of the biosensors under harsh conditions, including elevated temperature, exposure to chemical/biological denaturants, and ultrasonic agitation. Plasmonic biochips fabricated with the ultrastable ink exhibit superior stability compared to the biochips with unencapsulated antibodies.


Assuntos
Ouro/química , Imunoglobulina G/química , Nanotubos/química , Siloxanas/química , Proteína Estafilocócica A/química , Bioimpressão , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Humanos , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Impressão Tridimensional , Análise Serial de Proteínas , Desnaturação Proteica , Estabilidade Proteica , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura , Ultrassom
17.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(7): 643-8, 2020 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700488

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe effects of Tongluo Zhitong (, TLZT) gel preparation on p53, miR-502-5p, NF-κBp65 in synovial tissue of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and to explore mechanism of TLZT gel preparation in treating KOA. METHODS: Thirthy-six Wistar rats aged 8 weeks and weighed 200 to 220 g (meaned 208 g) were randomly divided into normal group, model group and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) group, 12 rats in each group. KOA model was established by modified Hulth method. After 4 weeks of modeling, TCM group treated with TLZT gel preparation for external use, 3 times daily for 2 weeks;normal group and model group were fed normally without intervention. After treatment, morphological changes of specimens in each group were observed, changes of miR-502-5p in synovial tissue were detected by qPCR, and contents of p53, NF-κBp65, IL-1ß, TNF-α, MMP-13 in synovial tissue were detected by qPCR and Western Blot respectively. RESULTS: (1)Morphological observation of specimens showed that the articular cartilage in model group was hyaline and uneven, the synovial membranes were hypertrophic and proliferative with a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrating, the joint fluid was thicker in texture;the articular cartilage in TCM group was more transparent and smooth, synovial hyperplasia was mild with a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration, the texture of articular fluid was clear and sparse. (2) Compared with normal group, content of miR-502-5p of synovial tissue in model and TCM group were increased, mRNA and expression of p53 decreased, expression of NF-κBp65, IL-1ß, TNF-α, MMP-13 increased. (3)Compared with model group, content of miR-502-5p in synovial tissue of TCM group decreased (P<0.05), mRNA and protein expression of p53 increased (P<0.05), mRNA and protein expression of NF-κBp65, IL-1ß, TNF-α, MMP-13 decreased (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Expression of p53, miR-502 -5p, NF -κBp65 in synovial tissue is closely related to synovial hyperplasia and inflammatory reaction, TLZT gel preparation may reduce proliferation and inflammatory reaction of KOA synovium by regulating the expression of p53, miR- 502-5p, NF-κBp65 in synovial tissues.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Membrana Sinovial , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53
18.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 389, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracranial infections with Corynebacterium striatum (C. striatum) have been described sporadically in the literature over the last two decades. However, C. striatum meningitis combined with multiple abscesses has not been published before. CASE PRESENTATION: In this report, we describe the clinical and imaging findings in a 54-year-old woman with meningitis caused by C. striatum and combined with suspected brain and lung abscesses. This patient who underwent multiple fractures and a recent cut presented with headache and paraphasia. C. striatum was isolated in cerebrospinal fluid and supposedly transmitted from the skin purulent wound through blood. The patient was treated with intravenous vancomycin and had a transient improvement, but died finally. Multiple abscesses, especially in the brain, could be a reason to explain her conditions were deteriorating rapidly. CONCLUSIONS: Note that C. striatum can cause life-threatening infections. Early identification and diagnosis, early administration of antibiotics to which the bacterium is susceptible, and treatment of complications will be beneficial in patients with C. striatum-related infection.


Assuntos
Abscesso Encefálico/microbiologia , Infecções por Corynebacterium/complicações , Abscesso Pulmonar/microbiologia , Meningites Bacterianas/microbiologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Abscesso Encefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso Encefálico/tratamento farmacológico , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/microbiologia , Corynebacterium/isolamento & purificação , Corynebacterium/patogenicidade , Infecções por Corynebacterium/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Traumatismos da Perna/microbiologia , Abscesso Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Meningites Bacterianas/complicações , Meningites Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vancomicina/uso terapêutico
19.
Environ Res ; 185: 109468, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32278160

RESUMO

Antipyrine (ANT), as a widely used relieve headache, fever anti-inflammatory pharmaceutical in medical treatment, is difficult to be removed completely in water. The application of photocatalytic removal of ANT is restricted to UV light irradiation (<5% of solar energy), and the degradation pathways of ANT require more theoretical evidence. In this study, a series of three dimensions (3D) hierarchical structure multiwall carbon nanotubes/bismuth oxyiodide (MWCNTs/BiOI) photocatalysts were systematically designed and firstly applied to remove ANT through visible light (>43% of solar energy) induced photodegradation. Consequently, the as-prepared MWCNTs/BiOI photocatalysts presented superior photocatalytic activities on ANT degradation with respect to that of BiOI under 60 min visible light irradiation (100% vs 82.2%). Especially, the enhanced photocatalytic mechanism on ANT was analyzed by morphology, optical and photo-electrochemical properties. Results revealed that the designed 3D micro-mesoporous structure could promote the diffusion of photogenerated electron-hole pairs, and the utilization of photoelectrons could be efficiently improved by MWCNTs (1.5 times). Furthermore, based on radicals scavenging experiments, the photogenerated hole (h+) and superoxide radical (O2-) were demonstrated as the dominant active species in ANT photocatalytic oxidation process. The photodegradation pathways of ANT were proposed with the calculation of frontier electron densities (FEDs) and the analysis of LC-MS/MS. This study presents a feasible approach for the high efficiency removal of trace pharmaceuticals under visible light photocatalytic process.


Assuntos
Nanotubos de Carbono , Antipirina , Catálise , Cromatografia Líquida , Luz , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
20.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(8): 909-918, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187049

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Cervical posterior decompression surgery is used to relieve ventral compression indirectly by incorporating a backward shift of the spinal cord, and this indirect decompression is bound to be limited. This study aimed to determine the decompression limit of posterior surgery and the effect of the decompression range. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 129 patients who underwent cervical open-door laminoplasty through 2008 to 2012 and were grouped as follows: C4-C7 (n = 11), C3-C6 (n = 61), C3-C7 (n = 32), and C2-C7 (n = 25). According to the relative location of spinal levels within a decompression range, the type of decompression at a given level was categorized as external decompression (ED; achieved at the levels located immediately external to the decompression range margin), internal decompression (ID; achieved at the levels located immediately internal to the decompression range margin), and central decompression (CD; achieved at the levels located in the center, far from the decompression range margin). The vertebral-cord distance (VCD) was used to evaluate the decompression limit. The C2-C7 angle and VCD on post-operative magnetic resonance images were analyzed and compared between groups. The relationship between VCD and decompression type was analyzed. Moreover, the relationship between the magnitude of the ventral compressive factor and the probability of post-operative residual compression at each level for different decompression ranges was studied. RESULTS: There was no significant kyphosis in cervical curvature (> -5°), and there was no significant difference among the groups (F = 2.091, P = 0.105). The VCD of a specific level depended on the decompression type of the level and followed this pattern: ED < ID < CD (P < 0.05). The decompression type of a level was sometimes affected by the decompression range. For a given magnitude of the ventral compressive factor, the probability of residual compression was lower for the group with the larger VCD at this level. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that the decompression range affected the decompression limit by changing the decompression type of a particular level. For a given cervical spinal level, the decompression limit significantly varied with decompression type as follows: ED < ID < CD. CD provided maximal decompression limit for a given level. A reasonable range of decompression could be determined based on the relationship between the magnitude of the ventral compressive factor and the decompression limits achieved by different decompression ranges.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Laminoplastia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Vértebras Cervicais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Cifose/patologia , Cifose/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/patologia , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espondilose/patologia , Espondilose/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...