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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 10841, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616915

RESUMO

Controllable release of nutrients in soil can overcome the environmental problems associated with conventional fertilizer. Here we synthesized mesoporous nanocomposite of Zinc aluminosilicate (ZnAl2Si10O24) via co-precipitation method. Oryza sativa L. husk was used as source of silica for making the synthesis process green and economical. The nanocomposite was subsequently loaded with urea to achieve the demand of simultaneous and slow delivery of both zinc and urea. The structural characterization of nanocomposite was done by FTIR, XRD, TGA, BET, SEM/EDX and TEM. The release of urea and zinc was investigated with UV-Vis spectrophotometry and atomic absorption spectroscopy, respectively, up to 14 days. It was noted that urea holding capacity of mesoporous ZnAl2Si10O24 nanocomposite over long period of time was increased as compared to bulk aluminosilicates, due to its high surface area (193.07 m2 g-1) and small particle size of (64 nm). Urea release was found highest in first 24 h because of excess of adsorption on nanocomposite and least at 14th day. Fertilizer efficiency was checked on Oryza sativa L. in comparison with commercial urea and results showed significantly higher yield in case of urea loaded ZnAl2Si10O24 nanocomposite.

2.
Small ; : e2002487, 2020 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32656948

RESUMO

Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) have been recognized as the promising alternatives to lithium-ion batteries for large-scale applications owing to their abundant sodium resource. Currently, one significant challenge for SIBs is to explore feasible anodes with high specific capacity and reversible pulverization-free Na+ insertion/extraction. Herein, a facile co-engineering on polymorph phases and cavity structures is developed based on CoMo-glycerate by scalable solvothermal sulfidation. The optimized strategy enables the construction of CoMoOx Sy with synergized partially sulfidized amorphous phase and yolk-shell confined cavity. When developed as anodes for SIBs, such CoMoOx Sy electrodes deliver a high reversible capacity of 479.4 mA h g-1 at 200 mA g-1 after 100 cycles and a high rate capacity of 435.2 mA h g-1 even at 2000 mA g-1 , demonstrating superior capacity and rate capability. These are attributed to the unique dual merits of the anodes, that is, the elastic bountiful reaction pathways favored by the sulfidation-induced amorphous phase and the sodiation/desodiation accommodatable space benefits from the yolk-shell cavity. Such yolk-shell nano-battery materials are merited with co-tunable phases and structures, facile scalable fabrication, and excellent capacity and rate capability in sodium storage. This provides an opportunity to develop advanced practical electrochemical sodium storage in the future.

3.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32539341

RESUMO

Global demand for green and clean energy is increasing day by day owing to ongoing developments by the human race that are changing the face of the earth at a rate faster than ever. Exploring alternative sources of energy to replace fossil fuel consumption has become even more vital to control the growing concentration of CO2, and reduction of CO2 into CO or other useful hydrocarbons (e.g., C1 and C≥2 products), as well as reduction of N2 into ammonia, can greatly help in this regard. Various materials have been developed for the reduction of CO2 and N2. The introduction of pores in these materials by porosity engineering has been demonstrated to be highly effective in increasing the efficiency of the involved redox reactions, over 40% increment for CO2 reduction to date, by providing an increased number of exposed facets, kinks, edges, and catalytically active sites of catalysts. By shaping the surface porous structure, the selectivity of the redox reaction can also be enhanced. In order to better understand this area benefiting rational design for future solutions, this review systematically summarizes and constructively discusses the porosity engineering in catalytic materials, including various synthesis methods, characterization of porous materials, and the effects of porosity on performance of CO2 reduction and N2 reduction.

4.
ACS Nano ; 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401484

RESUMO

Organic-inorganic (O-I) heterostructures, consisting of atomically thin inorganic semiconductors and organic molecules, present synergistic and enhanced optoelectronic properties with a high tunability. Here, we develop a class of air-stable vertical O-I heterostructures comprising a monolayer of transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), including WS2, WSe2, and MoSe2, on top of tetraphenylethylene (TPE) core-based aggregation-induced emission (AIE) molecular rotors. The created O-I heterostructures yields a photoluminescence (PL) enhancement of up to ∼950%, ∼500%, and ∼330% in the top monolayer WS2, MoSe2, and WSe2 as compared to PL in their pristine monolayers, respectively. The strong PL enhancement is mainly attributed to the efficient photogenerated carrier process in the AIE luminogens (courtesy of their restricted intermolecular motions in the solid state) and the charge-transfer process in the created type I O-I heterostructures. Moreover, we observe an improvement in photovoltaic properties of the TMDs in the heterostructures including the quasi-Fermi level splitting, minority carrier lifetime, and light absorption. This work presents an inspiring example of combining stable, highly luminescent AIE-based molecules, with rich photochemistry and versatile applications, with atomically thin inorganic semiconductors for multifunctional and efficient optoelectronic devices.

5.
Chem Soc Rev ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939973

RESUMO

As star material, perovskites have been widely used in the fields of optics, photovoltaics, electronics, magnetics, catalysis, sensing, etc. However, some inherent shortcomings, such as low efficiency (power conversion efficiency, external quantum efficiency, etc.) and poor stability (against water, oxygen, ultraviolet light, etc.), limit their practical applications. Downsizing the materials into nanostructures and incorporating rare earth (RE) ions are effective means to improve their properties and broaden their applications. This review will systematically summarize the key points in the design, synthesis, property improvements and application expansion of RE-containing (including both RE-based and RE-doped) halide and oxide perovskite nanomaterials (PNMs). The critical factors of incorporating RE elements into different perovskite structures and the rational design of functional materials will be discussed in detail. The advantages and disadvantages of different synthesis methods for PNMs will be reviewed. This paper will also summarize some practical experiences in selecting suitable RE elements and designing multi-functional materials according to the mechanisms and principles of REs promoting the properties of perovskites. At the end of this review, we will provide an outlook on the opportunities and challenges of RE-containing PNMs in various fields.

6.
Adv Mater ; : e1905739, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957161

RESUMO

The structure-property engineering of phase-based materials for redox-reactive energy conversion and environmental decontamination nanosystems, which are crucial for achieving feasible and sustainable energy and environment treatment technology, is discussed. An exhaustive overview of redox reaction processes, including electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, and photoelectrocatalysis, is given. Through examples of applications of these redox reactions, how structural phase engineering (SPE) strategies can influence the catalytic activity, selectivity, and stability is constructively reviewed and discussed. As observed, to date, much progress has been made in SPE to improve catalytic redox reactions. However, a number of highly intriguing, unresolved issues remain to be discussed, including solar photon-to-exciton conversion efficiency, exciton dissociation into active reductive/oxidative electrons/holes, dual- and multiphase junctions, selective adsorption/desorption, performance stability, sustainability, etc. To conclude, key challenges and prospects with SPE-assisted redox reaction systems are highlighted, where further development for the advanced engineering of phase-based materials will accelerate the sustainable (active, reliable, and scalable) production of valuable chemicals and energy, as well as facilitate environmental treatment.

7.
Small ; 16(12): e1902231, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769587

RESUMO

For the first time, colloidal gold (Au)-ZnSe hybrid nanorods (NRs) with controlled size and location of Au domains are synthesized and used for hydrogen production by photocatalytic water splitting. Au tips are found to grow on the apices of ZnSe NRs nonepitaxially to form an interface with no preference of orientation between Au(111) and ZnSe(001). Density functional theory calculations reveal that the Au tips on ZnSe hybrid NRs gain enhanced adsorption of H compared to pristine Au, which favors the hydrogen evolution reaction. Photocatalytic tests reveal that the Au tips on ZnSe NRs effectively enhance the photocatalytic performance in hydrogen generation, in which the single Au-tipped ZnSe hybrid NRs show the highest photocatalytic hydrogen production rate of 437.8 µmol h-1 g-1 in comparison with a rate of 51.5 µmol h-1 g-1 for pristine ZnSe NRs. An apparent quantum efficiency of 1.3% for hydrogen evolution reaction for single Au-tipped ZnSe hybrid NRs is obtained, showing the potential application of this type of cadmium (Cd)-free metal-semiconductor hybrid nanoparticles (NPs) in solar hydrogen production. This work opens an avenue toward Cd-free hybrid NP-based photocatalysis for clean fuel production.

8.
Adv Mater ; 31(49): e1905540, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631407

RESUMO

Molecular surfactants are widely used to control low-dimensional morphologies, including 2D nanomaterials in colloidal chemical synthesis, but it is still highly challenging to accurately control single-layer growth for 2D materials. A scalable stacking-hinderable strategy to not only enable exclusive single-layer growth mode for transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) selectively sandwiched by surfactant molecules but also retain sandwiched single-layer TMDs' photoredox activities is developed. The single-layer growth mechanism is well explained by theoretical calculation. Three types of single-layer TMDs, including MoS2 , WS2 , and ReS2 , are successfully synthesized and demonstrated in solar H2 fuel production from hydrogen-stored liquid carrier-methanol. Such H2 fuel production from single-layer MoS2 nanosheets is COx -free and reliably workable under room temperature and normal pressure with the generation rate reaching ≈617 µmole g-1 h-1 and excellent photoredox endurability. This strategy opens up the feasible avenue to develop methanol-storable solar H2 fuel with facile chemical rebonding actualized by 2D single-layer photocatalysts.

9.
Chem Soc Rev ; 48(21): 5310-5349, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588933

RESUMO

Redox catalysis, including photocatalysis and (photo)electrocatalysis, may alleviate global warming and energy crises by removing excess CO2 from the atmosphere and converting it to value-added resources. Nano-to-atomic two-dimensional (2D) materials, clusters and single atoms are superior catalysts because of their engineerable ultrathin/small dimensions and large surface areas and have attracted worldwide research interest. Given the current gap between research and applications in CO2 reduction, our review systematically and constructively discusses nano-to-atomic surface strategies for catalysts reported to date. This work is expected to drive and benefit future research to rationally design surface strategies with multi-parameter synergistic impacts on the selectivity, activity and stability of next-generation CO2 reduction catalysts, thus opening new avenues for sustainable solutions to climate change, energy and environmental issues, and the potential industrial economy.

10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(42): 20844-20849, 2019 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575741

RESUMO

Two-dimensional van der Waals materials have rich and unique functional properties, but many are susceptible to corrosion under ambient conditions. Here we show that linear alkylamines n-C m H2m+1NH2, with m = 4 through 11, are highly effective in protecting the optoelectronic properties of these materials, such as black phosphorus (BP) and transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs: WS2, 1T'-MoTe2, WTe2, WSe2, TaS2, and NbSe2). As a representative example, n-hexylamine (m = 6) can be applied in the form of thin molecular monolayers on BP flakes with less than 2-nm thickness and can prolong BP's lifetime from a few hours to several weeks and even months in ambient environments. Characterizations combined with our theoretical analysis show that the thin monolayers selectively sift out water molecules, forming a drying layer to achieve the passivation of the protected 2D materials. The monolayer coating is also stable in air, H2 annealing, and organic solvents, but can be removed by certain organic acids.

11.
Small ; 15(30): e1902427, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172668

RESUMO

Achieving large-sized and thinly layered 2D metal phosphorus trichalcogenides with high quality and yield has been an urgent quest due to extraordinary physical/chemical characteristics for multiple applications. Nevertheless, current preparation methodologies suffer from uncontrolled thicknesses, uneven morphologies and area distributions, long processing times, and inferior quality. Here, a sonication-free and fast (in minutes) electrochemical cathodic exfoliation approach is reported that can prepare large-sized (typically ≈150 µm2 ) and thinly layered (≈70% monolayer) NiPS3 flakes with high crystallinity and pure phase structure with a yield ≈80%. During the electrochemical exfoliation process, the tetra-n-butylammonium salt with a large ionic diameter is decomposed into gaseous species after the intercalation and efficiently expands the tightly stratified bulk NiPS3 crystals, as revealed by in situ and ex situ characterizations. Atomically thin NiPS3 flakes can be obtained by slight manual shaking rather than sonication, which largely preserves in-plane structural integrity with large size and minimum damage. The obtained high quality NiPS3 offers a new and ideal model for overall water splitting due to its inherent fully exposed S and P atoms that are often the active sites for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Consequently, the bifunctional NiPS3 exhibits outstanding performance for overall water splitting.

12.
Adv Mater ; 31(25): e1900522, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31062437

RESUMO

One of the most fundamental parameters of any photovoltaic material is its quasi-Fermi level splitting (∆µ) under illumination. This quantity represents the maximum open-circuit voltage (Voc ) that a solar cell fabricated from that material can achieve. Herein, a contactless, nondestructive method to quantify this parameter for atomically thin 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) is reported. The technique is applied to quantify the upper limits of Voc that can possibly be achieved from monolayer WS2 , MoS2 , WSe2 , and MoSe2 -based solar cells, and they are compared with state-of-the-art perovskites. These results show that Voc values of ≈1.4, ≈1.12, ≈1.06, and ≈0.93 V can be potentially achieved from solar cells fabricated from WS2 , MoS2 , WSe2 , and MoSe2 monolayers at 1 Sun illumination, respectively. It is also observed that ∆µ is inhomogeneous across different regions of these monolayers. Moreover, it is attempted to engineer the observed ∆µ heterogeneity by electrically gating the TMD monolayers in a metal-oxide-semiconductor structure that effectively changes the doping level of the monolayers electrostatically and improves their ∆µ heterogeneity. The values of ∆µ determined from this work reveal the potential of atomically thin TMDs for high-voltage, ultralight, flexible, and eye-transparent future solar cells.

13.
Nanoscale ; 11(21): 10190-10197, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112179

RESUMO

Herein we report a nanorod couple heterostructure made of dual semiconductors, in which two parallelly aligned ZnSe nanorods are connected by the growth of ZnS on both end and side facets, producing hetero-ZnS (short arms)-ZnSe (long arms)/ZnS shell nanorod couples. As evidenced by electronic structure studies, both experimental and theoretical, such core/shell nanorod couple heterostructures can act as a platform to precisely tailor the quantum confinement of charge carriers between the constituting components within a single nano-object, generating blue fluorescence after the overgrowth of an alloyed ZnCdS layer on the heterostructures. We foresee the mechanistic insights gained and electronic structures revealed in this work would shed light on the rational design of more complex heterostructures with novel functionalities.

14.
Small ; 14(48): e1803233, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30334350

RESUMO

Durability is still one of the key obstacles for the further development of photocatalytic energy-conversion systems, especially low-dimensional ones. Encouragingly, recent studies show that nanoinsulators such as SiO2 and MgO exhibit substantially enhanced photocatalytic durability than the typical semiconductor p25 TiO2 . Extending this knowledge, MgO-Au plasmonic defect nanosystems are developed that combine the stable photoactivity from MgO surface defects with energy-focusing plasmonics from Au nanoparticles (NPs), where Au NPs are anchored onto monodispersed MgO nanotemplates. Theoretical calculations reveal that the midgap defect (MGD) states in MgO are generated by oxygen vacancies, which provide the main avenues for upward electron transitions under photoexcitation. These electrons drive stable proton photoreduction to H2 gas via water splitting. A synergistic interaction between Au's localized plasmons and MgO's oxygen vacancies is observed here, which enhances MgO's photoactivity and stability simultaneously. Such co-enhancement is attributed to the stable longitudinal-plasmon-free Au NPs, which provide robust hot electrons capable of overcoming the interband transition barrier (≈1.8 eV) to reach proton reduction potential for H2 generation. The demonstrated plasmonic defect nanosystems are expected to open a new avenue for developing highly endurable photoredox systems for the integration of multifunctionalities in energy conversion, environmental decontamination, and climate change mitigation.

15.
Sci Adv ; 4(9): eaau0480, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30276266

RESUMO

High electron affinity transition-metal oxides (TMOs) have gained a central role in two-dimensional (2D) electronics by enabling unprecedented surface charge doping efficiency in numerous exotic 2D solid-state semiconductors. Among them, diamond-based 2D electronics are entering a new era by using TMOs as surface acceptors instead of previous molecular-like unstable acceptors. Similarly, surface-doped diamond with TMOs has recently yielded record sheet hole concentrations (2 × 1014 cm-2) and launched the quest for its implementation in microelectronic devices. Regrettably, field-effect transistor operation based on this surface doping has been so far disappointing due to fundamental material obstacles such as (i) carrier scattering induced by nonhomogeneous morphology of TMO surface acceptor layer, (ii) stoichiometry changes caused by typical transistor fabrication process, and (iii) carrier transport loss due to electronic band energy misalignment. This work proposes and demonstrates a general strategy that synergistically surmounts these three barriers by developing an atomic layer deposition of a hydrogenated MoO3 layer as a novel efficient surface charge acceptor for transistors. It shows high surface uniformity, enhanced immunity to harsh fabrication conditions, and benefits from tunable electronic gap states for improving carrier transfer at interfaces. These breakthroughs permit crucial integration of TMO surface doping into transistor fabrication flows and allow outperforming electronic devices to be reached.

16.
Adv Mater ; 30(39): e1803351, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30059172

RESUMO

Quasi-1D cadmium chalcogenide quantum rods (QRs) are benchmark semiconductor materials that are combined with noble metals to constitute QR heterostructures for efficient photocatalysis. However, the high toxicity of cadmium and cost of noble metals are the main obstacles to their widespread use. Herein, a facile colloidal synthetic approach is reported that leads to the spontaneous formation of cadmium-free alloyed ZnSx Se1-x QRs from polydisperse ZnSe nanowires by alkylthiol etching. The obtained non-noble-metal ZnSx Se1-x QRs can not only be directly adopted as efficient photocatalysts for water oxidation, showing a striking oxygen evolution capability of 3000 µmol g-1 h-1 , but also be utilized to prepare QR-sensitized TiO2 photoanodes which present enhanced photo-electrochemical (PEC) activity. Density functional theory (DFT) simulations reveal that alloyed ZnSx Se1-x QRs have highly active Zn sites on the (100) surface and reduced energy barrier for oxygen evolution, which in turn, are beneficial to their outstanding photocatalytic and PEC activities.

17.
Chem Sci ; 9(14): 3421-3425, 2018 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29844899

RESUMO

Na2Ti3O7 is considered as a promising anode material for sodium ion batteries (SIBs) due to its excellent high-rate performance compared with hard carbons. However, the electrochemical performance of Na2Ti3O7 is heavily limited by its low electrical conductivity. In this study, we synthesized a series of lanthanide (Ln = La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Gd, Er, and Yb) doped microsized Na2Ti3O7 anode materials and systematically studied the electrochemical performance. Compared with pristine Na2Ti3O7, all the doped samples show superior electrochemical performance. Especially, the Yb3+ doped sample not only delivers a high reversible capacity of 89.4 mA h g-1 at 30C, but also maintains 71.6 mA h g-1 at 5C after 1600 cycles, nearly twice that of pristine Na2Ti3O7. It is found for the first time that the enhancement in doped samples is attributed to the introduction of lanthanides which induces lattice distortion and oxygen vacancies.

18.
Chem Sci ; 8(4): 3211-3217, 2017 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28507697

RESUMO

Three dimensional (3D) N, O and S doped carbon foam (NOSCF) is prepared as a substrate for in situ vertically grown Ni(OH)2 nanosheets. As designed Ni(OH)2/NOSCF possesses strong electrostatic interactions with OH- ions due to many C 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 1111111111111111111111111111111111 1111111111111111111111111111111111 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 1111111111111111111111111111111111 1111111111111111111111111111111111 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000 O groups existing in NOSCF, which can facilitate the formation of crucial NiOOH intermediates during the OER process. CeO2 nanoparticles (NPs) of ∼3.3 nm in size are decorated on Ni(OH)2 nanosheets to design a highly efficient CeO2/Ni(OH)2/NOSCF electrocatalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). The CeO2 NP decorated Ni(OH)2/NOSCF not only exhibits a remarkably improved OER performance with an onset potential of 240 mV, outperforming most reported non-noble metal based OER electrocatalysts, but also possesses a small Tafel slope of 57 mV dec-1 and excellent stability under different overpotentials. The synergistic effect of producing more active species of NiIII/IV and accelerating the charge transfer for Ni(OH)2/NOSCF by the introduction of CeO2 NPs is also investigated. These results demonstrate the possibility of designing energy efficient OER catalysts with the assistance of earth abundant CeO2-based catalysts.

19.
Nano Lett ; 16(2): 1404-9, 2016 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26757027

RESUMO

We investigate the ultralow-frequency Raman response of atomically thin ReS2, a special type of two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors with unique distorted 1T structure. Bilayer and few-layer ReS2 exhibit rich Raman spectra at frequencies below 50 cm(-1), where a panoply of interlayer shear and breathing modes are observed. The emergence of these interlayer phonon modes indicate that the ReS2 layers are coupled and orderly stacked. Whereas the interlayer breathing modes behave similarly to those in other 2D layered crystals, the shear modes exhibit distinctive behavior due to the in-plane lattice distortion. In particular, the two shear modes in bilayer ReS2 are nondegenerate and clearly resolved in the Raman spectrum, in contrast to the doubly degenerate shear modes in other 2D materials. By carrying out comprehensive first-principles calculations, we can account for the frequency and Raman intensity of the interlayer modes and determine the stacking order in bilayer ReS2.

20.
Sci Adv ; 2(9): e1501425, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28508036

RESUMO

Methanol, which contains 12.6 weight percent hydrogen, is a good hydrogen storage medium because it is a liquid at room temperature. However, by releasing the hydrogen, undesirable CO and/or CO2 byproducts are formed during catalytic fuel reforming. We show that alkaline earth metal oxides, in our case MgO nanocrystals, exhibit stable photocatalytic activity for CO/CO2-free H2 production from liquid methanol at room temperature. The performance of MgO nanocrystals toward methanol dehydrogenation increases with time and approaches ~320 µmol g-1 hour-1 after a 2-day photocatalytic reaction. The CO x -free H2 production is attributed to methanol photodecomposition to formaldehyde, photocatalyzed by surface electronic states of unique monodispersed, porous MgO nanocrystals, which were synthesized with a novel facile colloidal chemical strategy. An oxygen plasma treatment allows for the removal of organic surfactants, producing MgO nanocrystals that are well dispersible in methanol.


Assuntos
Hidrogênio/química , Óxido de Magnésio/química , Metanol/química , Dióxido de Carbono/química , Dióxido de Carbono/toxicidade , Monóxido de Carbono/química , Monóxido de Carbono/toxicidade , Catálise , Formaldeído/química , Nanopartículas/química , Temperatura
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