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1.
Cancer Cytopathol ; 127(12): 739-749, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589381

RESUMO

The process of metastasis is characterized by the shedding of tumor cells into the bloodstream, where they are transported to other parts of the body to seed new tumors. These cells, known as circulating tumor cells (CTCs), have the potential to reveal much about an individual cancer case, and theoretically can aid in the prediction of outcomes and design of precision treatments. Recent advances in technology now allow for the robust and reproducible characterization of CTCs from a simple blood draw. Both the number of circulating cells and important molecular characteristics correlated with clinical phenotypes such as drug resistance can be obtained and used for real-time prognostic analysis. Molecular characterization can provide a snapshot of the activity of the main tumor (serving as a "liquid biopsy") and early warnings concerning changes such as the development of resistance, and aid in predicting the efficacy of different therapeutic approaches for treatment optimization. Herein, the authors review the current clinical use of CTCs as prognostic biomarkers for several different cancers. The quantification of CTCs can lead to more accurate staging and decision making regarding options such as adjuvant chemotherapy.

2.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 988, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery, fast-track perioperative treatment and XELOX chemotherapy are effective strategies for shortening the duration of hospital stay for cancer patients. This trial aimed to clarify the safety and efficacy of the fast-track multidisciplinary treatment (FTMDT) model compared to conventional surgery combined with chemotherapy in Chinese colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: This trial was a prospective randomized controlled study with a 2 × 2 balanced factorial design and was conducted at six hospitals. Patients in group 1 (FTMDT) received fast-track perioperative treatment and XELOX adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients in group 2 (conventional treatment) received conventional perioperative treatment and mFOLFOX6 adjuvant chemotherapy. Subgroups 1a and 2a had laparoscopic surgery and subgroups 1b and 2b had open surgery. The primary endpoint was total length of hospital stay during treatment. RESULTS: A total of 374 patients were randomly assigned to the four subgroups, and 342 patients were finally analyzed, including 87 patients in subgroup 1a, 85 in subgroup 1b, 86 in subgroup 2a, and 84 in subgroup 2b. The total hospital stay of group 1 was shorter than that of group 2 [13 days, (IQR, 11-17 days) vs. 23.5 days (IQR, 15-42 days), P = 0.0001]. Compared to group 2, group 1 had lower surgical costs, fewer in-hospital complications and faster recovery (all P < 0.05). Subgroup 1a showed faster surgical recovery than that of subgroup 1b (all P < 0.05). There was no difference in 5-year overall survival between groups 1 and 2 [87.1% (95% CI, 80.7-91.5%) vs. 87.1% (95% CI, 80.8-91.4%), P = 0.7420]. CONCLUSIONS: The FTMDT model, which integrates laparoscopic surgery, fast-track treatment, and XELOX chemotherapy, was the superior model for enhancing the recovery of Chinese patients with colorectal cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01080547 , registered on March 4, 2010.

3.
Biotechnol Lett ; 41(6-7): 641-650, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30993481

RESUMO

Cancer is a complex multifactorial disease for which many promising therapeutic strategies such as immunotherapy are emerging. Malignant cells frequently express aberrant cell surface carbohydrates, which differentiate them from normal "healthy" cells. This characteristic presents a window for the development of synthetic carbohydrate antigen-based cancer vaccines which can be recognized by the immune system and can bring about T cell-dependent immune responses. Antibodies generated against the carbohydrate antigens partake in the inactivation of carbohydrate-decorated cancer cells, by slowing down tumor cell growth and inducing cancer cell apoptosis. Novel synthetic strategies for carbohydrate antigens have led to several synthetic cancer vaccine candidates. In the present review, we describe the latest progress in carbohydrate-based cancer vaccines and their clinical evaluation in various cancers.


Assuntos
Antígenos Glicosídicos Associados a Tumores/imunologia , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Carboidratos/imunologia , Descoberta de Drogas/tendências , Neoplasias/terapia , Vacinas Anticâncer/administração & dosagem , Carboidratos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Imunidade Celular , Imunidade Humoral
4.
World J Gastroenterol ; 19(43): 7788-94, 2013 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24282367

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the expression of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)/insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues and to analyze their correlation with lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate IGF-1 and IGF-1R expression and lymphatic vessel density (LVD) in 40 CRC specimens. The correlation between IGF-1/IGF-1R and LVD was investigated. Effects of IGF-1 on migration and invasion of CRC cells were examined using transwell chamber assays. A LoVo cell xenograft model was established to further detect the role of IGF-1 in CRC lymphangiogenesis in vivo. RESULTS: Elevated IGF-1 and IGF-1R expression in CRC tissues was correlated with lymph node metastasis (r = 0.715 and 0.569, respectively, P < 0.05) and tumor TNM stage (r = 0.731 and 0.609, P < 0.05). A higher LVD was also found in CRC tissues and was correlated with lymphatic metastasis (r = 0.405, P < 0.05). A positive correlation was found between LVD and IGF-1R expression (r = 0.437, P < 0.05). Transwell assays revealed that IGF-1 increased the migration and invasion of CRC cells. In vivo mouse studies showed that IGF-1 also increased LVD in LoVo cell xenografts. CONCLUSION: IGF-1/IGF-1R signaling induces tumor-associated lymphangiogenesis and contributes to lymphatic metastasis of CRC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Linfangiogênese , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Receptor IGF Tipo 1/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
5.
BMC Cancer ; 11: 494, 2011 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22111914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy-assisted surgery, fast-track perioperative treatment are both increasingly used in colorectal cancer treatment, for their short-time benefits of enhanced recovery and short hospital stays. However, the benefits of the integration of the Laparoscopy-assisted surgery, fast-track perioperative treatment, and even with the Xelox chemotherapy, are still unknown. In this study, the three treatments integration is defined as "Fast Track Multi-Discipline Treatment Model" for colorectal cancer and this model extends the benefits to the whole treatment process of colorectal cancer. The main purpose of the study is to explore the feasibility of "Fast Track Multi-Discipline Treatment" model in treatment of colorectal cancer. METHODS: The trial is a prospective randomized controlled study with 2 × 2 balanced factorial design. Patients eligible for the study will be randomized to 4 groups: (I) Laparoscopic surgery with fast track perioperative treatment and Xelox chemotherapy; (II) Open surgery with fast track perioperative treatment and Xelox chemotherapy; (III) Laparoscopic surgery with conventional perioperative treatment and mFolfox6 chemotherapy; (IV) Open surgery with conventional perioperative treatment and mFolfox6 chemotherapy. The primary endpoint of this study is the hospital stays. The secondary endpoints are the quality of life, chemotherapy related adverse events, surgical complications and hospitalization costs. Totally, 340 patients will be enrolled with 85 patients in each group. CONCLUSIONS: The study initiates a new treatment model "Fast Track Multi-Discipline Treatment" for colorectal cancer, and will provide feasibility evidence on the new model "Fast Track Multi-Discipline Treatment" for patients with colorectal cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01080547.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Protocolos Clínicos , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos
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