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Commun Biol ; 4(1): 959, 2021 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381146


The association between kidney stone disease and renal fibrosis has been widely explored in recent years but its underlying mechanisms remain far from complete understanding. Using label-free quantitative proteomics (nanoLC-ESI-LTQ-Orbitrap MS/MS), this study identified 23 significantly altered secreted proteins from calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM)-exposed macrophages (COM-MP) compared with control macrophages (Ctrl-MP) secretome. Functional annotation and protein-protein interactions network analysis revealed that these altered secreted proteins were involved mainly in inflammatory response and fibroblast activation. BHK-21 renal fibroblasts treated with COM-MP secretome had more spindle-shaped morphology with greater spindle index. Immunofluorescence study and gelatin zymography revealed increased levels of fibroblast activation markers (α-smooth muscle actin and F-actin) and fibrotic factors (fibronectin and matrix metalloproteinase-9 and -2) in the COM-MP secretome-treated fibroblasts. Our findings indicate that proteins secreted from macrophages exposed to COM crystals induce renal fibroblast activation and may play important roles in renal fibrogenesis in kidney stone disease.

Oxalato de Cálcio/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Animais , Oxalato de Cálcio/química , Cricetinae , Humanos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Células U937
Biomed Pharmacother ; 141: 111903, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328112


Diosmin is a natural flavone glycoside (bioflavonoid) found in fruits and plants with several pharmacological activities. It has been widely used as a dietary supplement or therapeutic agent in various diseases/disorders. Although recommended, evidence of its protective mechanisms against kidney stone disease (nephrolithiasis/urolithiasis), especially calcium oxalate (CaOx) monohydrate (COM) that is the most common type, remained unclear. In this study, we thus systematically evaluated the effects of diosmin (at 2.5-160 nM) on various stages of kidney stone formation processes, including COM crystallization, crystal growth, aggregation, crystal-cell adhesion, internalization into renal tubular cells and invasion through extracellular matrix (ECM). The results showed that diosmin had dose-dependent modulatory effects on all the mentioned COM kidney stone processes. Diosmin significantly increased COM crystal number and mass during crystallization, but reduced crystal size and growth. While diosmin promoted crystal aggregation, it inhibited crystal-cell adhesion and internalization into renal tubular cells. Finally, diosmin promoted crystal invasion through the ECM. Our data provide evidence demonstrating both inhibiting and promoting effects of diosmin on COM kidney stone formation processes. Based on these dual modulatory activities of diosmin, its anti-urolithiasis role is doubtful and cautions should be made for its use in kidney stone disease.

Biomed Pharmacother ; 141: 111837, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34175818


A recent expression proteomics study has reported changes in cellular proteome (set of proteins) of human endothelial cells (ECs) induced by caffeine and epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the most abundant bioactive compounds in coffee and green tea, respectively. Although both common and differential changes were highlighted by bioinformatics prediction, no experimental validation was performed. Herein, we reanalyzed these proteome datasets and performed protein-protein interactions network analysis followed by functional investigations using various assays to address the relevance of such proteome changes in human ECs functions. Protein-protein interactions network analysis revealed actin-crosslink formation, ubiquitin-proteasome activity and glycolysis as the three main networks among those significantly altered proteins induced by caffeine and EGCG. The experimental data showed predominant increases of actin-crosslink formation, ubiquitin-proteasome activity, and glycolysis (as reflected by increased F-actin and ß-actin, declined ubiquitinated proteins and increased intracellular ATP, respectively) in the EGCG-treated cells. Investigations on angiogenesis features revealed that EGCG predominantly reduced ECs proliferation, migration/invasion, endothelial tube formation (as determined by numbers of nodes/junctions and meshes), barrier function (as determined by levels of VE-cadherin, zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and transendothelial resistance (TER)), and angiopoietin-2 secretion. However, both caffeine and EGCG had no effects on matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) secretion. These data indicate that EGCG exhibits more potent effects on human ECs functions to induce actin-crosslink, ubiquitin-proteasome activity and glycolysis, and to suppress angiogenesis processes that commonly occur in various diseases, particularly cancers.

Int J Biol Macromol ; 180: 1-13, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675830


AT-rich interactive domain 1A (ARID1A) is a novel tumor suppressor gene found in several human cells and its loss/defect is commonly observed in many cancers. However, its roles in angiogenesis, which is one of the hallmarks for tumor progression, remained unclear. Herein, we demonstrated the direct effects of ARID1A knockdown in human endothelial cells by lentivirus-based short-hairpin RNA (shRNA) (shARID1A) on angiogenesis. Functional assays revealed that shARID1A significantly enhanced cell proliferation and migration/invasion and endothelial tube formation compared with the control cells transfected with scramble shRNA (shControl). Additionally, the shARID1A-transfected cells had significantly increased podosome formation and secretion of angiopoietin-2 (ANG2), a key angiogenic factor. Moreover, neutralization of ANG2 with monoclonal anti-ANG2 antibody strongly reduced cell proliferation and migration/invasion and endothelial tube formation in the shARID1A-transfected cells. These findings indicate that down-regulation of ARID1A in human endothelial cells directly induces angiogenesis by regulating angiopoietin-2 secretion and endothelial cell activity.

Angiopoietina-2/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Inativação Gênica , Neovascularização Fisiológica/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Angiopoietina-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Angiopoietina-2/imunologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes/métodos , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Podossomos/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transfecção
Cell Adh Migr ; 13(1): 260-272, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271106


Caffeine has been demonstrated to possess anti-fibrotic activity against liver fibrosis. However, its role in renal fibrosis remained unclear. This study investigated the effects of caffeine on renal fibroblast activation induced by hypoxia (one of the inducers for renal fibrosis). BHK-21 fibroblasts were cultured under normoxia or hypoxia with or without caffeine treatment. Hypoxia increased levels of fibronectin, α-smooth muscle actin, actin stress fibers, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), and oxidized proteins. However, caffeine successfully preserved all these activated fibroblast markers to their basal levels. Cellular catalase activity was dropped under hypoxic condition but could be reactivated by caffeine. Hif1a gene and stress-responsive Nrf2 signaling molecule were elevated/activated by hypoxia, but only Nrf2 could be partially recovered by caffeine. These data suggest that caffeine exhibits anti-fibrotic effect against hypoxia-induced renal fibroblast activation through its antioxidant property to eliminate intracellular ROS, at least in part, via downstream catalase and Nrf2 mechanisms.

Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cafeína/farmacologia , Hipóxia Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibrose/tratamento farmacológico , Rim/patologia , Actinas/metabolismo , Animais , Catalase/metabolismo , Hipóxia Celular/fisiologia , Linhagem Celular , Cricetinae , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Fibrose/patologia , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Rim/citologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 122: 65-77, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29190504


Cassava bacterial blight (CBB) disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (Xam) is a severe disease in cassava worldwide. In addition to causing significant cassava yield loss, CBB disease has not been extensively studied, especially in terms of CBB resistance genes. The present research demonstrated the molecular mechanisms underlining the defense response during Xam infection in two cassava cultivars exhibiting different degrees of disease resistance, Huay Bong60 (HB60) and Hanatee (HN). Based on gene expression analysis, ten of twelve putative defense-related genes including, leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases (LRR-RLKs), resistance (R), WRKY and pathogenesis-related (PR) genes, were differentially expressed between these two cassava cultivars during Xam infection. The up-regulation of defense-related genes observed in HB60 may be the mechanism required for the reduction of disease severity in the resistant cultivar. Interestingly, priming with salicylic acid (SA) or methyl jasmonate (MeJA) for 24 h before Xam inoculation could enhance the defense response in both cassava cultivars. The disease severity was decreased 10% in the resistant cultivar (HB60) and was remarkably reduced 21% in the susceptible cultivar (HN) by SA/MeJA priming. Priming with Xam inoculation modulated cassava4.1_013417, cassava4.1_030866 and cassava4.1_020555 (highest similarity to MeWRKY59, MePR1 and AtPDF2.2, respectively) expression and led to enhanced resistance of the susceptible cultivar in the second infection. The putative cis-regulatory elements were predicted in an upstream region of these three defense-related genes. The different gene expression levels in these genes between the two cultivars were due to the differences in cis-regulatory elements in their promoter regions. Taken together, our study strongly suggested that the induction of defense-related genes correlated with defense resistance against Xam infection, and exogenous application of SA or MeJA could elevate the defense response in both cultivars of cassava. This finding should pave the way for management to reduce yield loss from disease and genetic improvement in cassava.

Resistência à Doença/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Manihot , Fitocromo/farmacologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Xanthomonas axonopodis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Manihot/metabolismo , Manihot/microbiologia