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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33616514

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated BSSL-BM3T, was isolated from sand collected from a dune near the Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea, and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. The neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain BSSL-BM3T fell within the clade comprising the type strains of Arenibacter species. Strain BSSL-BM3T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 98.0-99.0 % to the type strains of Arenibacter catalasegens, Arenibacter hampyeongensis, Arenibacter echinorum, Arenibacter palladensis and Arenibacter troitsensis and of 94.2-96.7 % to the type strains of the other Arenibacter species. The averagenucleotide identity and digitalDNA-DNA hybridization values between strain BSSL-BM3T and the type strains of A. catalasegens, A. hampyeongensis, A. echinorum, A. palladensis and A. troitsensis were 82.2-88.8 % and 25.0-36.5 %, respectively. The DNA G+C content of strain BSSL-BM3T from genomic sequence data was 38.75 mol%. Strain BSSL-BM3T contained MK-6 as the predominant menaquinone and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) and iso-C15 : 1 G as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids of strain BSSL-BM3T were phosphatidylethanolamine and two unidentified lipids. Distinguishing phenotypic properties, along with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that strain BSSL-BM3T is separated from recognized Arenibacter species. On the basis of the data presented here, strain BSSL-BM3T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Arenibacter, for which the name Arenibacter arenosicollis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is BSSL-BM3T (=KACC 21632T=NBRC 114502T).

2.
Life Sci Alliance ; 4(4)2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514655

RESUMO

By extending synthesis opposite from a diverse array of DNA lesions, DNA polymerase (Pol) ζ performs a crucial role in translesion synthesis (TLS). In yeast and cancer cells, Rev1 functions as an indispensable scaffolding component of Polζ and it imposes highly error-prone TLS upon Polζ. However, for TLS that occurs during replication in normal human cells, Rev1 functions instead as a scaffolding component of Pols η, ι, and κ and Rev1-dependent TLS by these Pols operates in a predominantly error-free manner. The lack of Rev1 requirement for Polζ function in TLS in normal cells suggested that some other protein substitutes for this Rev1 role. Here, we identify a novel role of Polλ as an indispensable scaffolding component of Polζ. TLS studies opposite a number of DNA lesions support the conclusion that as an integral component, Polλ adapts Polζ-dependent TLS to operate in a predominantly error-free manner in human cells, essential for genome integrity and cellular homeostasis.

3.
Nutrients ; 12(12)2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33266101

RESUMO

The aim of our study was to evaluate the anti-obesity effects of Lactobacillus sakei (L. sakei) ADM14 administration in a high-fat diet-induced obese mouse model and the resulting changes in the intestinal microbiota. Prior to in vivo testing, L. sakei ADM14 was shown to inhibit adipogenesis through in vitro test and genetic analysis. Subsequently, mice were orally administered 0.85% saline supplemented or not with L. sakei ADM14 to high-fat diet group and normal diet group daily. The results showed that administration of L. sakei ADM14 reduced weight gain, epididymal fat expansion, and total blood cholesterol and glucose levels, and significantly decreased expression of lipid-related genes in the epididymal fat pad. Administration of L. sakei ADM14 showed improvement in terms of energy harvesting while restoring the Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes ratio and also increased the relative abundance of specific microbial taxa such as Bacteroides faecichinchillae and Alistipes, which are abundant in non-obese people. L. sakei ADM14 affected the modulation of gut microbiota, altered the strain profile of short-chain fatty acid production in the cecum and enhanced the stimulation of butyrate production. Overall, L. sakei ADM14 showed potential as a therapeutic probiotic supplement for metabolic disorders, confirming the positive changes of in vivo indicators and controlling gut microbiota in a high-fat diet-induced obese mouse model.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156994

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, non-motile and ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, MYP5T, was isolated from seawater in Jeju island of South Korea. MYP5T grew optimally at 30-35 °C and in the presence of 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. A neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that MYP5T fell within the clade enclosed by the type strains of species of the genus Alteromonas, clustering with the type strains of Alteromonas confluentis and Alteromonas halophila. MYP5T exhibited the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity value (98.0 %) to the type strain of A. confluentis and similarities of 95.1-97.9 % to the type strains of the other species of the genus Alteromonas. ANI and dDDH values of genomic sequences between MYP5T and the type strains of 22 species of the genus Alteromonas were 66.8-70.5 % and 18.6-27.5 %, respectively. The DNA G+C content of MYP5T, determined from the genome sequence, was 46.1 %. MYP5T contained Q-8 as the predominant ubiquinone and C18 : 1 ω7c, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c), C16 : 0 and 10-methyl C17 : 0 as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids of MYP5T were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. Distinguishing phenotypic properties, along with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that MYP5T is separated from species of the genus Alteromonas. On the basis of the data presented, MYP5T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Alteromonas, for which the name Alteromonas ponticola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MYP5T (=KCTC 82144T=NBRC 114354T).

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141655

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, motile by single polar flagellum and ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated JBTF-M23T, was isolated from tidal flat sediment collected from the Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea. Neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain JBTF-M23T fell within the clade comprising the type strains of Pseudoalteromonas species, clustering with the type strains of P. byunsanensis and P. amylolytica. Strain JBTF-M23T exhibited the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity value (98.6 %) to the type strain of P. rubra and sequence similarities of 98.3 and 97.7 % to the type strains of P. byunsanensis and P. amylolytica, respectively. The DNA G+C content of strain JBTF-M23T from genomic sequence data was 41.98 %. The ANI and dDDH values between strain JBTF-M23T and the type strains of P. rubra, P. byunsanensis and P. amylolytica were 71.3-76.6 and 19.4-19.9 %, respectively. Strain JBTF-M23T contained Q-8 as the predominant ubiquinone and C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c, C16 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω7c as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids of strain JBTF-M23T were phosphatidylethanolamine and one unidentified aminolipid. Distinguished phenotypic properties, along with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that strain JBTF-M23T is separated from recognized Pseudoalteromonas species. On the basis of the data presented, strain JBTF-M23Tis considered to represent a novel species of the genus Pseudoalteromonas, for which the name Pseudoalteromonas caenipelagi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JBTF-M23T(=KACC 19900T=NBRC 113647T).

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119482

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-pigmented, non-spore-forming, motile, strictly aerobic bacterial strain, designated CAU 1492T, was isolated from a coastal sand dune and its taxonomic position was examined using a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain CAU 1492T grew optimally at 30 °C, pH 7.0 and in 3 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence of CAU 1492T showed that it formed a distinct lineage within the family Rhodobacteraceae as a separate deep branch, with 96.8 % or lower sequence similarity values to representatives of the genera Marivita, Donghicola, Sulfitobacter, Marinovum, Phaeobacter, Primorskyibacter, Roseovarius and Aestuariihabitans. Strain CAU 1492T was closely related to Marivita geojedonensis DPG-138T (96.8 %), Donghicola eburneus SW-277T (96.7 %), Sulfitobacter porphyrae SCM-1T (96.7 %), Marinovum algicola FF3T (96.6 %) and Aestuariihabitans beolgyonensis BB-MW15T (96.4 %) based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. The major cellular fatty acids of strain CAU 1492T were cyclo-C19 : 0 ω8c and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c). The polar lipid pattern was composed of phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified phospholipid and an unidentified aminolipid. The strain contained Q-10 as the sole respiratory quinone. The draft genome of strain CAU 1492T was 4.63 Mb with a DNA G+C content of 63.1 mol%. The genome includes 4292 protein-coding genes and a five rRNA operons. On the basis of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic data, strain CAU 1492T represents a novel genus in the family Rhodobacteraceae for which the name Arenibacterium halophilum gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Arenibacterium halophilum is CAU 1492T (=KCTC 62998T=NBRC 113696T).

7.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 276, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Concomitant cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) and aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) are rare in the head and neck region. In our search of the English language literature, we found only one case report describing the simultaneous occurrence of COD and ABC in the head and neck region. Here, we report a case of COD associated with ABC. Further, we performed a systematic search of the literature to identify studies on patients with COD associated with nonepithelial lined cysts of the jaws. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 32-year-old woman who was referred from a private dental clinic because of a cystic lesion below the mandibular right first molar. She had no pain or significant systemic disease. After performing panoramic radiography and cone-beam computed tomography, the imaging diagnosis was COD with a cystic lesion, such as ABC or solitary bone cyst. Excisional biopsy was performed, which revealed concomitant COD and ABC. CONCLUSION: This case of ABC associated with COD provides insight for the diagnostic process of radiographically mixed lesions with cystic changes.

8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 164: 4650-4661, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32946943

RESUMO

A novel esterase, EstCS3, was isolated from a metagenomic library constructed from a compost. The EstCS3, which consists of 409 amino acids with an anticipated molecular mass of 44 kDa, showed high amino acid sequence identities to predicted esterases, serine hydrolases and ß-lactamases from uncultured and cultured bacteria. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that EstCS3 belongs to family VIII of lipolytic enzymes. EstCS3 had catalytic Ser78 residue in the consensus tetrapeptide motif SXXK, which is characteristic of family VIII esterases. Two conserved YXX and W(H or K)XG motifs in an oxyanion hole of family VIII esterases were also present in EstCS3. EstCS3 demonstrated the highest activity toward p-nitrophenyl butyrate (C4) and was stable up to 70 °C with optimal activity at 55 °C. EstCS3 had optimal activity at pH 8 and maintained its stability within pH range of 7-10. EstCS3 had over 70% activity in the presence of 20% (v/v) methanol and DMSO and hydrolyzed sterically hindered tertiary alcohol esters of t-butyl acetate and linalyl acetate. EstCS3 hydrolyzed ampicillin, cephalothin and cefepime. The properties of EstCS3, including moderate thermostability, stability against organic solvents and activity toward esters of tertiary alcohols, indicated that it has the potential to be used in industrial applications.

9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4562-4568, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618560

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, yellow-pigmented, non-spore-forming, non-motile, rod-shaped, catalase-positive, strictly aerobic bacterial strain, designated CAU 1491T, was isolated from seawater and its taxonomic position was examined using a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain CAU 1491T grew optimally at 30 °C, pH 7.5 and in 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence of CAU 1491T showed that it formed a distinct lineage within the family Flavobacteriaceae as a separate deep branch, with 97.0 % or lower sequence similarity to representatives of the genera Lacinutrix, Gaetbulibacter and Aquibacter. The major cellular fatty acids of strain CAU 1491T were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3. The polar lipid pattern consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified phospholipid. The strain contained MK-6 as the sole respiratory quinone. Genome sequencing revealed that strain CAU 1491T has a genome size of 3.13 Mbp and a G+C content of 32.4 mol%. On the basis of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic data, strain CAU 1491T represents a new genus and species in the family Flavobacteriaceae for which the name Pontimicrobium aquaticum gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Pontimicrobium aquaticum is CAU 1491T (=KCTC 72003T=NBRC 113695T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
10.
FEMS Microbiol Lett ; 367(15)2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681637

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative and flagellated bacterial strain, SHSM-M6T, was isolated from salt marsh from Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea. Neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain SHSM-M6T belongs to the genus Shewanella. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values between strain SHSM-M6T and the type strains of Shewanella species were <98.0%. The average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNA hybridization values between genomic sequences of strain SHSM-M6T and the type strains of Shewanella species were <73.3 and 20.7%, respectively. Strain SHSM-M6T contained MK-6 as predominant menaquinone and Q-7 and Q-8 as the predominant ubiquinones. The novel strain contained C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c, iso-C15:0 and C16:0 as major fatty acids. Major polar lipids of strain SHSM-M6T were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified lipid, one unidentified aminolipid and one unidentified phospholipid. Differential phenotypic properties of strain SHSM-M6T, together with its phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that strain SHSM-M6T is separated from recognized Shewanella species. On the basis of the data presented, strain SHSM-M6T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Shewanella, for which the name Shewanella salipaludis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SHSM-M6T (=KACC 19901T = NBRC 113646T).

11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3872-3877, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32511087

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, motile by single polar flagellum and ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated JBTF-M18T, was isolated from tidal-flat sediment collected from the Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea. The neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain JBTF-M18T fell within the clade comprising the type strains of Shewanella species. Strain JBTF-M18T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 97.1-98.8 % to the type strains of S. loihica, S. aquimarina, S. waksmanii and S. marisflavi and of less than 96.9 % to the type strains of the other Shewanella species. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain JBTF-M18T and the type strains of S. waksmanii and S. loihica were 72.0 and 89.5% and 18.9 and 38.1 %, respectively. DNA-DNA relatedness values between strain JBTF-M18T and the type strains of S. aquimarina and S. marisflavi were 14 and 19 %, respectively. The DNA G+C content of strain JBTF-M18T from genomic sequence data was 52.9 %. Strain JBTF-M18Tcontained MK-6 as the predominant menaquinone and Q-7 and Q-8 as the predominant ubiquinones. It had iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) and C16 : 0 as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids of strain JBTF-M18T were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. Distinguished phenotypic properties, along with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that strain JBTF-M18T is separated from recognized Shewanella species. On the basis of the data presented, strain JBTF-M18T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Shewanella, for which the name Shewanella insulae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JBTF-M18T (=KACC 19869T=NBRC 113583T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Shewanella/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Fosfatidilgliceróis/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Shewanella/isolamento & purificação
12.
FEMS Microbiol Lett ; 367(13)2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589213

RESUMO

A Gram stain-negative, aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated CAU 1509T, was isolated from marine sediment, and its taxonomic position was determined using a polyphasic approach. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain CAU 1509T formed a distinct lineage within the genus Sinimarinibacterium with the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Sinimarinibacterium flocculans NH6-24T (97.0%). Similar to another member of Sinimarinibacterium, ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) was the predominant quinone, whereas C16:0, summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c/ω6c) and summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c/ω6c) were the major cellular fatty acids. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified phospholipid, four unidentified glycolipids and three unidentified aminolipids. Strain CAU 1509T has a genome of 4.54 Mb, including 4251 coding sequences, 6 rRNAs and 50 tRNAs, with a genomic DNA G+C content of 63.2 mol%. Based on its phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties, strain CAU 1509T should be classified as a novel species of the genus Sinimarinibacterium, for which the name Sinimarinibacterium arenosum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CAU 1509T (= KCTC 72000T = NBRC 113698T).

13.
FEMS Microbiol Lett ; 367(13)2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578849

RESUMO

A novel proteobacterial bacterium, designated strain CAU 1489T, was isolated from Jeju Island, Republic of Korea. Cells were strictly anaerobic, Gram stain-negative, cream-pigmented, non-spore-forming, motile and short rod-shaped. Strain CAU 1489T exhibited the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (98.2%) to Nitratireductor mangrovi SY7T. Multilocus sequence analysis of 16S rRNA and four housekeeping genes (rpoB, rpoC, gyrB and dnaK) indicated that CAU 1489T represents a distinct branch within Nitratireductor. The whole genome was 4.8 Mb with a G + C content of 64.7 mol%, including protein-coding genes related to the function terms amino acids and derivatives, nucleotides and nucleosides, protein metabolism, carbohydrates and cofactors, vitamins, prosthetic groups and pigments. The major fatty acids were 11-methyl C18:1ω7c, cyclo- C19:0ω8c, iso-C17:0 and summed feature 8 (C18:1ω6c and/or C18:1ω7c), and the predominant respiratory quinone was Q-10. The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and two unidentified phospholipids. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values were 19.4-22.0% and 72.4-79.1%, respectively. On the basis of taxonomic characterization, strain CAU 1489T constitutes a novel species, for which the name Nitratireductor arenosus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CAU 1489T ( = KCTC 62997T = NBRC 113694T).

14.
FEMS Microbiol Lett ; 367(9)2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343310

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative bacterial strain, JBTF-M27T, was isolated from a tidal flat from Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea. Neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain JBTF-M27T fell within the clade comprising the type strains of Sulfitobacter species. Strain JBTF-M27T exhibited the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (98.8%) to the type strain of S. porphyrae. Genomic ANI and dDDH values of strain JBTF-M27T between the type strains of Sulfitobacter species were less than 76.1 and 19.2%, respectively. Mean DNA-DNA relatedness value between strain JBTF-M27T and the type strain of S. porphyrae was 21%. DNA G + C content of strain JBTF-M27T from genome sequence was 57.8% (genomic analysis). Strain JBTF-M27T contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone and C18:1ω7c as the major fatty acid. The major polar lipids of strain JBTF-M27T were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol and one unidentified aminolipid. Distinguished phenotypic properties, along with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that strain JBTF-M27T is separated from recognized Sulfitobacter species. On the basis of the data presented, strain JBTF-M27T ( = KACC 21648T = NBRC 114356T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Sulfitobacter, for which the name Sulfitobacter sediminilitoris sp. nov. is proposed.

15.
J Dent Sci ; 15(1): 1-8, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32256993

RESUMO

Background/purpose: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory disease of oral mucosa. The present study investigated the expression of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD), a pivotal sensor protein of the innate immune system, in OLP. Materials and methods: Oral mucosal biopsies were collected from 20 patients with OLP and 6 individuals with normal oral mucosa (NOM). The expression of NOD1 and NOD2 was determined using RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry in OLP and NOM samples. Results: The mRNA expression of NOD1 and NOD2 was significantly higher in the OLP group than in the NOM group. The protein expression of NOD1 was marginally upregulated in all mucosal layers in the OLP group compared with that of the NOM group; however, the differences were not significant. The expression of NOD2 was elevated in infiltrating lymphocytes of the submucosal layer in the OLP group compared with the NOM group, but was undetected in other inflammatory disease, inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (IFH). This study revealed the upregulation of NOD2 mRNA and protein in the OLP group, but not in the NOM group. Conclusion: These findings suggest that NOD2 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of OLP and represents a new diagnostic and treatment target.

16.
J Biol Chem ; 295(18): 5918-5927, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32169903

RESUMO

The action mechanisms revealed by the biochemical and structural analyses of replicative and translesion synthesis (TLS) DNA polymerases (Pols) are retained in their cellular roles. In this regard, DNA polymerase θ differs from other Pols in that whereas purified Polθ misincorporates an A opposite 1,N 6-ethenodeoxyadenosine (ϵdA) using an abasic-like mode, Polθ performs predominantly error-free TLS in human cells. To test the hypothesis that Polθ adopts a different mechanism for replicating through ϵdA in human cells than in the purified Pol, here we analyze the effects of mutations in the two highly conserved tyrosine residues, Tyr-2387 and Tyr-2391, in the Polθ active site. Our findings that these residues are indispensable for TLS by the purified Pol but are not required in human cells, as well as other findings, provide strong evidence that the Polθ active site is reconfigured in human cells to stabilize ϵdA in the syn conformation for Hoogsteen base pairing with the correct nucleotide. The evidence that a DNA polymerase can configure its active site entirely differently in human cells than in the purified Pol establishes a new paradigm for DNA polymerase function.

17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1470-1477, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100685

RESUMO

A Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, non-motile and coccoid, ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated as JBTF-M21T, was isolated from a tidal flat sediment on the Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea. The neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that JBTF-M21T fell within the clade comprising the type strains of species of the genus Erythrobacter. JBTF-M21T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 97.0-98.4 % to the type strains of Erythrobacter longus, Erythrobacter aquimaris, Erythrobacter nanhaisediminis, Erythrobacter vulgaris, Erythrobacter seohaensis, Erythrobacter litoralis and Erythrobacter citreus and 93.7-96.6 % to the type strains of the other species of the genus Erythrobacter. The ANI and dDDH values between JBTF-M21T and the type strains of E. longus, E. nanhaisediminis, E. seohaensis and E. litoralis were 70.83-72.93 % and 18.0-18.8 %, respectively. Mean DNA-DNA relatedness values between JBTF-M21T and the type strains of E. aquimaris, E. vulgaris and E. citreus were 12-24 %. The DNA G+C content of JBTF-M21T was 57.0 mol%. JBTF-M21T contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone and C18 : 1ω7c and C17 : 1ω6c as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids ofJBTF-M21T were phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and sphingoglycolipid. Distinguishing phenotypic properties, together with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that JBTF-M21T is separated from species of the genus Erythrobacter with validly published names. On the basis of the data presented, strain JBTF-M21T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Erythrobacter, for which the name Erythrobacter insulae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JBTF-M21T (=KACC 19864T=NBRC 113584T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Sphingomonadaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sphingomonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 246-250, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617843

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and ovoid- or rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated HSMS-39T, was isolated from marine sand sampled at Hongsung, Republic of Korea. Strain HSMS-39T grew optimally at 30 °C and in the presence of 1.0-2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain HSMS-39T fell within the clade comprising the type strains of Lewinella species, clustering with the type strain of Lewinella marina showing 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 99.1 %. It exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of less than 95.5 % to the type strains of the other Lewinella species. Strain HSMS-39T contained MK-7 as the predominant menaquinone and iso-C17 : 1ω9c, iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids of strain HSMS-39T were phosphatidylethanolamine and one unidentified phospholipid. The DNA G+C content of strain HSMS-39T was 60.0 mol%. The mean DNA-DNA relatedness value between strain HSMS-39T and the type strain of L. marina was 15 %. The average nucleotide identity value between strain HSMS-39Tand the type strain of L. marina was 81.87 %. The phylogenetic and genetic data and differential phenotypic properties indicated that strain HSMS-39T is separated from other recognized species of the genus Lewinella. On the basis of the polyphasic data, strain HSMS-39T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Lewinella, for which the name Lewinella litorea sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HSMS-39T (=KACC 19866T=NBRC 113585T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Areia/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 909-914, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714202

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, motile by gliding and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated HSMS-1T, was isolated from a marine sand collected from the Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea, and identified by a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that HSMS-1T fell within the clade comprising the type strains of species of the genus Gramella. HSMS-1T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 99.0 and 98.7 % to the type strains of Gramella echinicola and Gramella sediminilitoris and of 93.3-98.5 % to the type strains of the other species of the genus Gramella. The ANI and dDDH values between HSMS-1T and the type strains of G. echinicola, Gramella gaetbulicola, Gramella forsetii, Gramella salexigens, Gramella portivictoriae and Gramella flava were 72.6-79.3 % and 17.4-22.2 %, respectively. Mean DNA-DNA relatedness value between HSMS-1T and the type strain of G. sediminilitoris was 18 %. HSMS-1T contained MK-6 as the predominant menaquinone and iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and iso-C16 : 0 as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipid of HSMS-1T was phosphatidylethanolamine. The DNA G+C content of HSMS-1T from genomic sequence data was 39.2 %. Distinguishing phenotypic properties, along with the phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that HSMS-1T is separated from recognized species of the genus Gramella. On the basis of the data presented, strain HSMS-1T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Gramella, for which the name Gramella sabulilitoris sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HSMS-1T(=KACC 19899T=NBRC 113648T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Areia/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
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