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1.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 187, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is widely used as a first-line noninvasive modality that frequently exhibits no or nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in clinical practice, along with abnormal left ventricular (LV) geometry on echocardiography. However, the combined prognostic value of these findings has not been well elucidated. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic implications of abnormal LV geometry in individuals with no or nonobstructive CAD. METHODS: A total of 5806 subjects with no CAD or nonobstructive CAD (luminal narrowing < 50%) on CCTA were included in the study. The major exclusion criteria were structural heart disease and a history of myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization. Abnormal LV geometry on echocardiography was defined as LV mass index > 95 g/m2 in women and > 115 g/m2 in men, and/or relative wall thickness > 0.42. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. RESULTS: A total of 5803 subjects without significant obstructive CAD (age, 56.6 ± 8.87 years; men, 3884 [66.9%]). Of them, 4045 (69.7%) subjects had normal LV geometry and 1758 (30.3%) had abnormal LV geometry respectively. During a mean follow-up of 6.2 ± 1.48 years, 84 (1.44%) subjects died in the study population. Of these, 56 subjects were from the normal LV geometry group (1.24%) and 28 were from the abnormal LV geometry group (2.32%). Subjects with abnormal LV geometry had significantly worse survival rates (log-rank, p < 0.001). After adjustment for confounding factors, abnormal LV geometry was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.64; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-2.58; p = 0.034). Moreover, abnormal LV geometry was significantly worse in survival when classified as those with no CAD (log-rank, p = 0.024) and nonobstructive CAD (Log-rank, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal LV geometry portends a worse prognosis in subjects with no or nonobstructive CAD. These findings suggest that LV geometry assessment can help improve the stratification of individuals with these CCTA findings.

2.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0248884, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830992

RESUMO

Even with increasing awareness of sex-related differences in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), it remains unclear whether the progression of coronary atherosclerosis differs between women and men. We sought to compare coronary artery calcium (CAC) progression between women and men. From a retrospective, multicentre registry of consecutive asymptomatic individuals who underwent CAC scoring, we identified 9,675 men and 1,709 women with follow-up CAC scoring. At baseline, men were more likely to have a CAC score >0 than were women (47.8% vs. 28.6%). The probability of CAC progression at 5 years, defined as [√CAC score (follow-up)-√CAC score (baseline)] ≥2.5, was 47.4% in men and 29.7% in women (p<0.001). When we stratified subjects according to the 10-year ASCVD risk (<5%, ≥5% and <7.5%, and ≥7.5%), a sex difference was observed in the low risk group (CAC progression at 5 years, 37.6% versus 17.9%; p<0.001). However, it became weaker as the 10-year ASCVD risk increased (64.2% versus 46.2%; p<0.001, and 74.8% versus 68.7%; p = 0.090). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that male sex was independently associated with CAC progression rate among the entire group (p<0.001). Subgroup analyses showed an independent association between male sex and CAC progression rate only in the low-risk group. The CAC progression rate is higher in men than in women. However, the difference between women and men diminishes as the 10-year ASCVD risk increases.

3.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2021 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682334

RESUMO

AIMS: Despite well-established benefits of sacubitril/valsartan for cardiac reverse remodelling and the prognosis of patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), there are some patients with limited therapeutic response, even with optimal therapy. We assessed the treatment response to sacubitril/valsartan in patients with HFrEF, focusing on the association between reverse remodelling and the prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using a retrospective cohort of consecutive patients with HFrEF treated with sacubitril/valsartan, we compared the time trajectory of cardiac function in 415 patients (1258 echocardiograms), according to the occurrence of cardiovascular death and hospitalization for HF during a median follow-up of 19.1 (interquartile range, 10.9-27.6) months. A higher sacubitril/valsartan dose was associated with a better prognosis, whereas advanced age, diabetes, left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, left atrial enlargement, and pulmonary hypertension were associated with a worse prognosis. Patients without an event (n = 337; 81.2%) showed LV reverse remodelling (LV ejection fraction ≥45% or LV end-systolic volume reduction by 15% from baseline), which was typically observed within 6 months of sacubitril/valsartan treatment. Reverse remodelling achievement was significantly associated with a better prognosis. However, patients without reverse remodelling had a worse prognosis, as poor as that in patients with HFrEF not treated with sacubitril/valsartan. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HFrEF treated with sacubitril/valsartan, LV reverse remodelling reflects the treatment response and predicts the prognosis, whereas a lack of reverse remodelling indicates the lack of treatment benefits. Prediction and assessment of reverse remodelling may facilitate the selection of patients with greater benefits by sacubitril/valsartan.

4.
Curr Atheroscler Rep ; 23(5): 21, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772359

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We aimed to summarize the current evidence regarding the association between breast arterial calcification (BAC) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in women and discuss the potential role of BAC in the risk stratification and preventive approaches for ASCVD. RECENT FINDINGS: BAC has emerged as a potential women-specific risk marker for ASCVD. Although BAC presents as a medial calcification of the arteries, notably different from the intimal atherosclerotic process, current evidence supports a correlation between BAC and ASCVD risk factors or subclinical and clinical ASCVD, such as coronary artery disease or stroke. As millions of women undergo mammograms each year, the potential clinical application of BAC in enhanced ASCVD risk estimation, with no additional cost or radiation, has tremendous appeal. Although further research regarding optimal risk assessment and management in women with BAC is required, the presence of BAC should prompt healthy cardiovascular lifestyle modifications.

5.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649885

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Congenital interatrial shunt can unload the left atrium (LA) and may lower the risk of new-onset heart failure (HF) or atrial fibrillation (AF). We evaluated the risk of new-onset HF or AF in patients with and without interatrial shunt. METHODS: We enrolled 2660 consecutive patients with acute stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) who underwent transesophageal echocardiography at Seoul National University Bundang Hospital from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2018. The primary outcomes were 10-year new-onset HF, new-onset AF, and new-onset HF or AF composite. RESULTS: Overall, 466 (17.5%) patients with an interatrial shunt had smaller E velocity (0.66 ± 0.21 vs. 0.69 ± 0.22 m/s, P = 0.037) and smaller E/e' (9.1 ± 4.0 vs. 10.0 ± 5.0, P = 0.001) than 2194 (82.5%) patients without an interatrial shunt. The 10-year incidence of AF, HF, and AF or HF composite was lower in patients with an interatrial shunt (10-year AF, 11.2 vs. 17.8%, P < 0.001; 10-year HF, 6.2 vs. 10.4%, P = 0.005; 10-year AF or HF composite, 16.5 vs. 23.4%, P = 0.001). In multivariable analysis, the presence of an interatrial shunt was associated with a 38% (HR 0.62, 95% CI 0.40-0.96), 40% (HR 0.60; 95% CI 0.39-0.93), and 26% (HR 0.74; 95% CI 0.57-0.96) reduced risk for new-onset HF, AF, and new-onset HF or AF composite, respectively. CONCLUSION: In patients with interatrial shunt, the risk of AF and HF was lower. Interatrial shunt may be beneficial, and the closure of an interatrial shunt should be performed only in carefully selected patients. An interatrial shunt can unload the left atrium. In patients with stroke or TIA, the presence of an interatrial shunt was associated with a reduced risk for new-onset HF and AF. AF atrial fibrillation, HF heart failure, HR hazard ratio, LA left atrium.

6.
Korean J Radiol ; 22(5): 688-696, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543843

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the lumen parameters measured by the location-adaptive threshold method (LATM), in which the inter- and intra-scan attenuation variabilities of coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) were corrected, and the scan-adaptive threshold method (SATM), in which only the inter-scan variability was corrected, with the reference standard measurement by intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Hounsfield unit (HU) values of whole voxels and the centerline in each of the cross-sections of the 22 target coronary artery segments were obtained from 15 patients between March 2009 and June 2010, in addition to the corresponding voxel size. Lumen volume was calculated mathematically as the voxel volume multiplied by the number of voxels with HU within a given range, defined as the lumen for each method, and compared with the IVUS-derived reference standard. Subgroup analysis of the lumen area was performed to investigate the effect of lumen size on the studied methods. Bland-Altman plots were used to evaluate the agreement between the measurements. RESULTS: Lumen volumes measured by SATM was significantly smaller than that measured by IVUS (mean difference, 14.6 mm³; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.9-24.3 mm³); the lumen volumes measured by LATM and IVUS were not significantly different (mean difference, -0.7 mm³; 95% CI, -9.1-7.7 mm³). The lumen area measured by SATM was significantly smaller than that measured by LATM in the smaller lumen area group (mean of difference, 1.07 mm²; 95% CI, 0.89-1.25 mm²) but not in the larger lumen area group (mean of difference, -0.07 mm²; 95% CI, -0.22-0.08 mm²). In the smaller lumen group, the mean difference was lower in the Bland-Altman plot of IVUS and LATM (0.46 mm²; 95% CI, 0.27-0.65 mm²) than in that of IVUS and SATM (1.53 mm²; 95% CI, 1.27-1.79 mm²). CONCLUSION: SATM underestimated the lumen parameters for computed lumen segmentation in CCTA, and this may be overcome by using LATM.

7.
J Korean Med Sci ; 36(6): e47, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is an incomplete understanding of the natural course of mild to moderate aortic stenosis (AS). We aimed to evaluate the natural course of patients with mild to moderate AS and its association with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 787 patients diagnosed with mild to moderate AS using echocardiography between 2004 and 2010. Cardiac death and aortic valve replacement (AVR) for AS were assessed. RESULTS: A median follow-up period was 92 months. Compared to the general population, patients with mild to moderate AS had a higher risk of cardiac death (hazard ratio [HR], 17.16; 95% confidence interval [CI], 13.65-21.59; P < 0.001). Established CAD was detected in 22.4% and associated with a significantly higher risk of cardiac mortality (adjusted HR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.04-2.53; P = 0.033). The risk of cardiac death was lower when patients were taking statin (adjusted HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.41-0.98; P = 0.041), which was clear only after 7 years. Both patients with CAD and on statin tended to undergo more AVR, but the difference was not statistically significant (the presence of established CAD; adjusted HR, 1.63; 95% CI, 0.51-3.51; P = 0.214 and the use of statin; adjusted HR, 1.86; 95% CI, 0.76-4.58; P = 0.177). CONCLUSION: Mild to moderate AS does not have a benign course. The presence of CAD and statin use may affect the long-term prognosis of patients with mild to moderate AS.

8.
J Card Fail ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The H2FPEF score is a validated algorithm for the diagnosis of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). We investigated the associations of the H2FPEF score with echocardiographic parameters and prognosis in patients with HFpEF admitted for acute heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 4312 patients at 3 tertiary centers were identified. Among 1335 patients with HFpEF, the H2FPEF score was available in 1105 patients (39% male) with a median age of 77 years (interquartile range 69-82). The median H2FPEF score was 4 (interquartile range 3-6). Patients with higher H2FPEF scores had worse left atrial (LA) size, peak atrial longitudinal strain of the left atrium, mitral E/e' ratio, and peak tricuspid regurgitation velocity. Peak atrial longitudinal strain of the left atrium demonstrated a significant association with the H2FPEF score, in patients without atrial fibrillation and those without atrial fibrillation. After adjustment for clinical factors and echocardiographic parameters, patients with higher H2FPEF scores had a higher risk of mortality and hospitalization for heart failure, regardless of the presence of atrial fibrillation. CONCLUSIONS: The H2FPEF score reflects left atrial function in patients with HFpEF admitted for acute heart failure. This association supports the clinical usefulness of the H2FPEF score as an indicator of diastolic dysfunction, a diagnostic algorithm for HFpEF, and a prognostic factor in patients with HFpEF.

9.
Br J Sports Med ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32967852

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recommendations on physical activity (PA) for adults with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are not well established. We investigated the association of PA intensity with mortality in the general adult HCM population. METHODS: A nationwide population-based cohort of individuals with HCM who underwent health check-ups including questionnaires on PA levels were identified from the years 2009 to 2016 in the National Health Insurance Service database. Subjects who reported no PA at baseline were excluded. To estimate each individual's PA level, the PA score (PAS) was calculated based on the self-reported questionnaires, and the study population was categorised into three groups according to tertiles of PAS. The associations of PAS with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality were analysed. RESULTS: A total of 7666 participants (mean age 59.5 years, 29.9% were women) were followed up for a mean 5.3±2.0 years. All-cause and cardiovascular mortality progressively decreased from the lowest to the highest tertiles of PA intensity: 9.1% (4.7%), 8.9% (3.8%) and 6.4% (2.7%), respectively (p-for-trend=0.0144 and 0.0023, respectively). Of note, compared with the middle PA group, the highest PA group did not have an increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality (HR 0.78, (95% CI 0.63 to 0.95) and HR 0.75 (95% CI 0.54 to 1.03), respectively). All subgroup and sensitivity analyses consistently showed that all-cause and cardiovascular mortality did not increase with higher PA levels. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA, in a middle-aged population of patients with HCM, was associated with progressive reduction of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. The impact of vigorous-intensity PA on a younger age group requires further investigation.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533163

RESUMO

AIMS : We aimed to analyse the time-serial change of cardiac function in light-chain (AL) cardiac amyloidosis patients undergoing active chemotherapy and its relationship with patient outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS : Seventy-two patients with AL cardiac amyloidosis undergoing active chemotherapy who had two or more echocardiographic examinations were identified from a prospective observational cohort (n = 34) and a retrospective cohort (n = 38). Echocardiographic parameters were obtained immediately prior to 1-3, 3-6, 6-12, and 12-24 months after the first chemotherapy. Study endpoint was a composite of death or heart transplantation (HT). During a median of 32 months (interquartile range 8-51) follow-up, 33 patients (45.8%) died and 4 patients (5.6%) underwent HT. Echocardiograms immediately prior to the first chemotherapy did not show differences between the patients with adverse events vs. those without. Significant increase in mitral E/e' ratio and decline in left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS) was observed, starting at 3-6 months after the first chemotherapy only in those who experienced adverse events on follow-up, which was also evident in those who responded to chemotherapy. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that B-natriuretic peptide >500 pg/mL and troponin I >0.15 ng/dL at initial diagnosis, hospitalization for heart failure, E/e' >15, and LV-GLS <10% during follow-up were independent predictors of outcome. CONCLUSIONS : In AL cardiac amyloidosis patients undergoing active chemotherapy, the deterioration of LV function may occur, starting even at 3-6 months after the first chemotherapy. Serial echocardiography may help identify those who experience a clinical event in the near future despite active chemotherapy.

11.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 13(5): e009707, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of studies investigating the heterogeneity of patients with aortic stenosis (AS). We explored whether cluster analysis identifies distinct subgroups with different prognostic significances in AS. METHODS: Newly diagnosed patients with moderate or severe AS were prospectively enrolled between 2013 and 2016 (n=398, mean 71 years, 55% male). Among demographics, laboratory, and echocardiography parameters (n=32), 11 variables were selected through dimension reduction and used for unsupervised clustering. Phenotypes and causes of mortality were compared between the clusters. RESULTS: Three clusters with markedly different features were identified. Cluster 1 (n=60) was predominantly associated with cardiac dysfunction, cluster 2 (n=86) consisted of elderly with comorbidities, especially end-stage renal disease, whereas cluster 3 (n=252) demonstrated neither cardiac dysfunction nor comorbidities. Although AS severity did not differ, there was a significant difference in adverse outcomes between the clusters during a median 2.4 years follow-up (mortality rate, 13.3% versus 19.8% versus 6.0% for cluster 1, 2, and 3, P<0.001). Particularly, compared with cluster 3, cluster 1 was associated with only cardiac mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 7.37 [95% CI, 2.00-27.13]; P=0.003), whereas cluster 2 was associated with higher noncardiac mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 3.35 [95% CI, 1.26-8.90]; P=0.015). Phenotypes and association of clusters with specific outcomes were reproduced in an independent validation cohort (n=262). CONCLUSIONS: Unsupervised cluster analysis of patients with AS revealed 3 distinct groups with different causes of death. This provides a new perspective in the categorization of patients with AS that takes into account comorbidities and extravalvular cardiac dysfunction.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Ecocardiografia , Aprendizado de Máquina não Supervisionado , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Causas de Morte , Análise por Conglomerados , Comorbidade , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 69, 2020 05 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32466760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effects of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) on cardiac function are not fully understood. We investigated the changes in cardiac function in diabetic patients according to the presence and types of heart failure (HF). METHODS: We retrospectively identified 202 diabetic patients who underwent echocardiography before, and 6 to 24 months after the initiation of SGLT2i. After propensity score matching with diabetic patients without SGLT2i, the study population (n = 304) were categorized into group 1 (without HF nor SGLT2i; n = 76), group 2 (without HF and received SGLT2i; n = 78), group 3 (with HF but without SGLT2i; n = 76), and group 4 (with HF and received SGLT2i; n = 74). Changes in echocardiographic parameters were compared between these 4 groups, and between HF patients with reduced versus preserved ejection fraction (EF). RESULTS: After a median 13 months of follow-up, HF patients with SGLT2i showed a significant decrease in left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LV-EDD; from 57.4 mm [50.0-64.9] to 53.0 mm [48.0-60.0]; p < 0.001) and improvement in LV-EF (from 36.1% [25.6-47.5] to 45.0% [34.8-56.3]; p < 0.001). LV mass index and diastolic parameters also showed improvements in HF patients with SGLT2i. The SGLT2i-induced improvements in cardiac function were more prominent in HF patients than those without HF, and in HFrEF patients than HFpEF patients. CONCLUSIONS: Use of SGLT2i improved cardiac function in diabetic patients, regardless of the presence of HF. The improvements were more prominent in HF patients, especially in those with HFrEF. These improvements in cardiac function would contribute to the clinical benefit of SGLT2i.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/uso terapêutico , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2755, 2020 02 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066804

RESUMO

We evaluated whether breast arterial calcification (BAC) is associated with the progression of coronary atherosclerosis in asymptomatic women. This retrospective observational cohort study analysed asymptomatic women from the BBC registry. In 126 consecutive women (age, 54.5 ± 7.0 years) who underwent BAC evaluation and repeated coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) examinations, the coronary arterial calcification score (CACS) and segment stenosis score (SSS) were evaluated to assess the progression of coronary arterial calcification (CAC) and coronary atherosclerotic plaque (CAP). CAC and CAP progression were observed in 42 (33.3%) and 26 (20.6%) women, respectively (median interscan time, 4.3 years), and were associated with the presence of BAC and a higher BAC score at baseline. Women with BAC demonstrated higher CAC and CAP progression rates and showed higher chances for CAC and CAP progression during follow-up (p < 0.001 for both). In multivariable analyses, the BAC score remained independently associated with both CAC and CAP progression rates after adjustment for clinical risk factors (ß = 0.087, p = 0.029; and ß = 0.020, p = 0.010, respectively) and with additional adjustment for baseline CACS (ß = 0.080, p = 0.040; and ß = 0.019, p = 0.012, respectively) or SSS (ß = 0.079, p = 0.034; and ß = 0.019, p = 0.011, respectively). Thus, BAC may be related to the progression of coronary atherosclerosis and its evaluation may facilitate decision-making.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Torácica Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândulas Mamárias Humanas/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Doenças Assintomáticas , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Aterosclerose/patologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Torácica Interna/patologia , Glândulas Mamárias Humanas/irrigação sanguínea , Glândulas Mamárias Humanas/patologia , Mamografia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placa Aterosclerótica/etiologia , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Calcificação Vascular/complicações , Calcificação Vascular/patologia
14.
J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 28(2): 79-93, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052608

RESUMO

Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology with various clinical presentations depending on the organs involved. Since cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) portends a higher risk of morbidity and mortality, early diagnosis and aggressive medical treatment are essential to improve the prognosis. 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) has emerged as an important tool with practical advantages in assessing disease activity and monitoring the treatment response in patients with CS. While it has high sensitivity, it also has great variability in specificity, probably due to normal physiologic myocardial FDG uptake, which interferes with the evaluation and follow-up of CS using FDG-PET. This review details the technical aspects of FDG-PET imaging for evaluating and diagnosing CS, assessing disease activity, and monitoring therapeutic response.

15.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 27(8): 870-881, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013600

RESUMO

AIMS: Dyslipidaemia is a modifiable cardiovascular risk factor with prognostic implications. Current strategies for lipid management in young adults are largely based on expert recommendations. We investigated the risks of death and cardiovascular disease in relation to each lipid component to establish evidence for primary prevention in young adults. METHODS: In this nationwide population-based cohort study, we analysed 5,688,055 statin-naïve subjects, aged 20-39 years, undergoing general health check-ups between 2009 and 2014. The endpoint was a composite of clinical events including death, myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke. We compared the incidence and risk of clinical events according to each lipid variable. RESULTS: During follow-up (median 7.1 years), clinical events occurred in 30,330 subjects (0.53%): 16,262 deaths (0.29%), 8578 MIs (0.15%), and 5967 strokes (0.10%). The risk of clinical events gradually increased with increasing total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides and decreasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), largely driven by MI. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) had a J-shaped association with clinical events, showing the lowest risk for LDL-C of 84-101 mg/dL. Among lipid variables, triglycerides remained the sole independent predictor (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.20; p < 0.001) after adjusting for conventional risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: For statin-naïve young adults, the risk of clinical events was proportional to lipid levels, positively with TC and triglycerides, negatively with HDL-C, and J-shaped with LDL-C. Triglycerides had an independent and the strongest association with the clinical events. Screening and intervention for abnormal lipid levels, particularly triglycerides, from an early age might be of clinical value.

16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 11, 2020 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913310

RESUMO

This retrospective cohort study investigated the association between in-hospital survival and two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography within 24 hours after the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in patients who underwent in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ICPR) after in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest (IHCA). The 2D-echo and non-2D-echo groups comprised eligible patients who underwent transthoracic 2D echocardiography performed by the cardiology team within 24 hours after ROSC and those who did not, respectively. After propensity score (PS) matching, 142 and 284 patients in the 2D-echo and non-2D-echo groups, respectively, were included. A logistic regression analysis showed that the likelihood of in-hospital survival was 2.35-fold higher in the 2D-echo group than in the non-2D-echo group (P < 0.001). Regarding IHCA aetiology, in-hospital survival after cardiac arrest of a cardiac cause was 2.51-fold more likely in the 2D-echo group than in the non-2D-echo group (P < 0.001), with no significant inter-group difference in survival after cardiac arrest of a non-cardiac cause (P = 0.120). In this study, 2D echocardiography performed within 24 hours after ROSC was associated with better in-hospital survival outcomes for patients who underwent ICPR for IHCA with a cardiac aetiology. Thus, 2D echocardiography may be performed within 24 hours after ROSC in patients experiencing IHCA to enable better treatment.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/mortalidade , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Parada Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Idoso , Feminino , Parada Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Circ Res ; 126(7): 824-835, 2020 03 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978313

RESUMO

RATIONALE: In young adults, the role of mildly abnormal lipid levels and lipid variability in the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of these abnormalities in lipid profiles with the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke in young population. METHODS AND RESULTS: From the Korean National Health Insurance Service, a nationwide population-based cohort of 1 934 324 statin-naive adults aged 20 to 39 years, with ≥3 lipid profile measurements and without a history of MI and stroke, were followed-up until the date of MI or stroke, or December 31, 2017. The primary measure of lipid variability was variability independent of the mean. Higher baseline total cholesterol, LDL-C (low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol), and triglycerides and lower HDL-C (high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol) levels were significantly associated with increased MI risk; respective adjusted hazard ratios and 95% CIs comparing the highest versus lowest quartiles were 1.35 (1.20-1.53) for total cholesterol, 1.41 (1.25-1.60) for LDL-C, 1.28 (1.11-1.47) for triglycerides, and 0.82 (0.72-0.94) for HDL-C. Adjusted analyses for deciles of lipid profiles showed that MI risk was significantly elevated among participants with total cholesterol ≥223.4 mg/dL, LDL-C ≥139.5 mg/dL, HDL-C ≤41.8 mg/dL, and triglycerides ≥200.1 mg/dL. The associations between lipid levels and stroke risk were less prominent. Multivariable-adjusted restricted cubic spline analysis demonstrated that the increase in MI risk was not exclusively driven by extreme values of lipid profiles. Similar results were obtained on sensitivity analyses of baseline lipid levels. However, associations between lipid variability and the risk of MI and stroke varied depending on the measure of lipid variability used. CONCLUSIONS: Mildly abnormal baseline lipid levels were associated with an increased future risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease events, particularly MI, whereas measures of lipid variability were not. Therefore, in young adults, achieving optimal lipid levels could be valuable in the prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Colesterol/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
18.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227012, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929538

RESUMO

Temporal trends of the prevalence and incidence of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have not been well established in Asian populations. Using the Korean National Health Insurance Services database, we identified patients with a confirmed diagnosis of HCM between 2010 and 2016. The annual prevalence and incidence of HCM, and their clinical characteristics were investigated. The prevalence of HCM has increased from 0.016% (n = 6313) in 2010 to 0.031% (n = 13,035) in 2016. During a 7-year period, 13,229 patients were newly diagnosed with HCM. The incidence rate increased from 4.15 (per 100,000 person-years) in 2010 to 5.6 in 2016. The prevalence and incidence of HCM increased with age and peaked during the 70s, with male predominance in all age groups. Chest pain is the most frequent clinical presentation followed by shortness of breath and syncope. Hypertension and dyslipidemia were the two most common comorbidities. Heart failure and atrial fibrillation was diagnosed in about 1/3 and 1/4 of patients with HCM, respectively. The prevalence and incidence of HCM gradually increased from 2010 to 2016, possibly due to heightened recognition of the disease. Given the progressively high incidence of HCM with age and high prevalence of coexisting modifiable risk factors, continued efforts are required to increase awareness regarding HCM-related symptoms and potential complications.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/epidemiologia , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/patologia , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade/tendências , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
19.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 21(12): 1412-1420, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819981

RESUMO

AIMS: To develop a mortality risk prediction model in patients with acute heart failure (AHF), using left ventricular (LV) function parameters with clinical factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 4312 patients admitted for AHF were retrospectively identified from three tertiary centres, and echocardiographic parameters including LV ejection fraction (LV-EF) and LV global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS) were measured in a core laboratory. The full set of risk factors was available in 3248 patients. Using Cox proportional hazards model, we developed a mortality risk prediction model in 1859 patients from two centres (derivation cohort) and validated the model in 1389 patients from one centre (validation cohort). During 32 (interquartile range 13-54) months of follow-up, 1285 patients (39.6%) died. Significant predictors for mortality were age, diabetes, diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, natriuretic peptide, glomerular filtration rate, failure to prescribe beta-blockers, failure to prescribe renin-angiotensin system blockers, and LV-GLS; however, LV-EF was not a significant predictor. Final model including these predictors to estimate individual probabilities of mortality had C-statistics of 0.75 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.73-0.78; P < 0.001] in the derivation cohort and 0.78 (95% CI 0.75-0.80; P < 0.001) in the validation cohort. The prediction model had good performance in both heart failure (HF) with reduced EF, HF with mid-range EF, and HF with preserved EF. CONCLUSION: We developed a mortality risk prediction model for patients with AHF incorporating LV-GLS as the LV function parameter, and other clinical factors. Our model provides an accurate prediction of mortality and may provide reliable risk stratification in AHF patients.

20.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 27(17): 1849-1857, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787021

RESUMO

AIMS: We sought to investigate the association of obesity and metabolic health status with the incidence of clinical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) diagnosis in the general population. Our goal was to identify modifiable risk factors to attenuate clinical expression of HCM, enabling management evolution from a mostly passive strategy of risk stratification to a proactive strategy of modifying disease expression. METHODS: Using nationwide population-based data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service, 28,679,891 people who were free of prevalent HCM and who underwent health examinations between 2009 and 2015 were followed until 31 December 2016. The primary outcome was clinical HCM that was defined as incident diagnosis of HCM during the follow-up, after a blanking period of 12 months. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 5.2 years, 0.027% (n = 7851) of the study participants were diagnosed as incident HCM. The incidence rate per 1000 person-years was 0.059. A significant association was found between body mass index (BMI) and the incidence of clinical HCM after multivariate adjustment, with a hazard ratio per 1 kg/m2 increase in BMI of 1.063 (95% confidence interval 1.051-1.075). Metabolically unhealthy participants had a greater incidence of HCM than metabolically healthy participants, regardless of obesity status. The effect of BMI was more pronounced in several subgroups, including participants with no hypertension, those aged less than 65 years and men. CONCLUSION: We found that individuals with obesity and/or metabolic abnormalities had a significantly higher incidence of clinical HCM diagnosis than their counterparts. Efforts to manage obesity and metabolic abnormalities may be important in modifying clinical expression of HCM.

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