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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34575945

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of adipose-derived extract (AE) on cultured chondrocytes and in vivo cartilage destruction. AE was prepared from human adipose tissues using a nonenzymatic approach. Cultured human chondrocytes were stimulated with interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) with or without different concentrations of AE. The effects of co-treatment with AE on intracellular signaling pathways and their downstream gene and protein expressions were examined using real-time PCR, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining. Rat AE prepared from inguinal adipose tissues was intra-articularly delivered to the knee joints of rats with experimental osteoarthritis (OA), and the effect of AE on cartilage destruction was evaluated histologically. In vitro, co-treatment with IL-1ß combined with AE reduced activation of the p38 and ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and nuclear translocation of the p65 subunit of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), and subsequently downregulated the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-3, MMP-13, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS)-4, IL-6, and IL-8, whereas it markedly upregulated the expression of IL-1 receptor type 2 (IL-1R2) in chondrocytes. Intra-articular injection of homologous AE significantly ameliorated cartilage destruction six weeks postoperatively in the rat OA model. These results suggested that AE may exert a chondroprotective effect, at least in part, through modulation of the IL-1ß-induced inflammatory signaling pathway by upregulation of IL-1R2 expression.

2.
Hip Int ; : 11207000211044675, 2021 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538120

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The acetabular labrum plays an important role in joint lubrication, and damage to this structure leads to osteoarthritis. This study aimed to histologically classify the degree of degeneration of the acetabular labrum and to investigate the changes in gene expression induced by mechanical stretching. METHODS: We obtained acetabular labrum cells from patients with hip osteoarthritis during total hip arthroplasty (n = 25). The labrum was stained with safranin O, and images were histologically evaluated using a new parameter, the red/blue (R/B) value. The samples were divided into the degenerated group (D group: n = 18) and the healthy group (H group: n = 7) in accordance with the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade. The cultured acetabular labral cells were subjected to loaded uniaxial cyclic tensile strain (CTS). After CTS, changes in gene expression were examined in both groups. RESULTS: Spearman's correlation analysis revealed that the R/B value was significantly correlated with the KL grade and the Krenn score. The expression levels of genes related to cartilage metabolism, osteogenesis and angiogenesis significantly increased after CTS in the H group, while gene expression in the D group showed weaker changes after CTS than that in the H group compared to the nonstretched control group. CONCLUSIONS: The degree of labral degeneration could be classified histologically using the R/B value and the KL grade. Mechanical stretching caused changes in gene expression that support the pathological features of labral degeneration.

3.
Nat Biomed Eng ; 5(8): 926-940, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373601

RESUMO

Current protocols for the differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) into chondrocytes do not allow for the expansion of intermediate progenitors so as to prospectively assess their chondrogenic potential. Here we report a protocol that leverages PRRX1-tdTomato reporter hPSCs for the selective induction of expandable and ontogenetically defined PRRX1+ limb-bud-like mesenchymal cells under defined xeno-free conditions, and the prospective assessment of the cells' chondrogenic potential via the cell-surface markers CD90, CD140B and CD82. The cells, which proliferated stably and exhibited the potential to undergo chondrogenic differentiation, formed hyaline cartilaginous-like tissue commensurate to their PRRX1-expression levels. Moreover, we show that limb-bud-like mesenchymal cells derived from patient-derived induced hPSCs can be used to identify therapeutic candidates for type II collagenopathy and we developed a method to generate uniformly sized hyaline cartilaginous-like particles by plating the cells on culture dishes coated with spots of a zwitterionic polymer. PRRX1+ limb-bud-like mesenchymal cells could facilitate the mass production of chondrocytes and cartilaginous tissues for applications in drug screening and tissue engineering.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/citologia , Animais , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Diferenciação Celular , Condrócitos/citologia , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Condrócitos/transplante , Condrogênese , Doenças do Colágeno/terapia , Meios de Cultura/química , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/metabolismo , Polímeros/química , Receptor beta de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Antígenos Thy-1/metabolismo , Engenharia Tecidual
4.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0254268, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234380

RESUMO

We investigated the expression and localization of the receptor activator nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) in cartilage from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of relevance to cartilage degeneration. We also examined the role of exogenous lymphotoxin (LT)-α on RANKL expression in human chondrocytes and its effect on in vitro osteoclast differentiation. Cartilage and synovial fluid samples were obtained from 45 patients undergoing total joint replacement surgery or joint puncture, including 24 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 21 patients with RA. RANKL expression in articular cartilage was examined by immunohistochemistry. LT-α concentrations in synovial fluid were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Normal human chondrocytes were stimulated with LT-α, and the relative mRNA levels of RANKL, osteoprotegerin (OPG), matrix metalloproteinase-9, and vascular endothelial growth factor were examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Soluble RANKL protein in culture media was measured using ELISA, and membrane-bound RANKL protein in cells was examined by western blotting. Co-cultures of human chondrocytes with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were stimulated with macrophage-colony stimulating factor and LT-α, and osteoclast differentiation was evaluated by staining for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase. LT-α concentrations were higher in RA synovial fluid than in OA samples. The population of RANKL-positive chondrocytes of RA cartilage was higher than that of OA cartilage, and correlated with cartilage degeneration. Stimulation of cultured human chondrocytes by LT-α increased RANKL expression, the RANKL/OPG ratio, and angiogenic factors. Membrane-bound RANKL in chondrocytes was up-regulated after stimulation of LT-α, whereas soluble RANKL in culture medium did not increase. Co-cultures of human chondrocytes and PBMCs demonstrated that LT-α stimulated human chondrocytes to produce RANKL and induced osteoclastic differentiation of PBMCs. RANKL produced by chondrocytes may contribute to cartilage destruction during RA and LT-α could promote the expression of RANKL in human chondrocytes.

5.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 88(3): 513-524, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma (OS) is a malignant bone tumor primarily affecting children and adolescents. The prognosis of chemotherapy-refractory OS patients is poor. We developed a tumor suppressor p53-expressing oncolytic adenovirus (OBP-702) that exhibits antitumor effects against human OS cells. Here, we demonstrate the chemosensitizing effect of OBP-702 in human OS cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The in vitro and in vivo antitumor activities of doxorubicin (DOX) and OBP-702 were assessed using parental and DOX-resistant OS cells (U2OS, MNNG/HOS) and a DOX-resistant MNNG/HOS xenograft tumor model. RESULTS: DOX-resistant OS cells exhibited high multidrug resistant 1 (MDR1) expression, which was suppressed by OBP-702 or MDR1 siRNA, resulting in enhanced DOX-induced apoptosis. Compared to monotherapy, OBP-702 and DOX combination therapy significantly suppressed tumor growth in the DOX-resistant MNNG/HOS xenograft tumor model. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that MDR1 is an attractive therapeutic target for chemoresistant OS. Tumor-specific virotherapy is thus a promising strategy for reversing chemoresistance in OS patients via suppression of MDR1 expression.

6.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 20(8): 1388-1399, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34088832

RESUMO

Colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF1) is a primary regulator of the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of monocyte/macrophage that sustains the protumorigenic functions of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). Considering current advances in understanding the role of the inflammatory tumor microenvironment, targeting the components of the sarcoma microenvironment, such as TAMs, is a viable strategy. Here, we investigated the effect of PLX3397 (pexidartinib) as a potent inhibitor of the CSF1 receptor (CSF1R). PLX3397 was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat tenosynovial giant cell tumor and reprogram TAMs whose infiltration correlates with unfavorable prognosis of sarcomas. First, we confirmed by cytokine arrays of tumor-conditioned media (TCM) that cytokines including CSF1 are secreted from LM8 osteosarcoma cells and NFSa fibrosarcoma cells. The TCM, like CSF1, stimulated ERK1/2 phosphorylation in bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs), polarized BMDMs toward an M2 (TAM-like) phenotype, and strikingly promoted BMDM chemotaxis. In vitro administration of PLX3397 suppressed pERK1/2 stimulation by CSF1 or TCM, and reduced M2 polarization, survival, and chemotaxis in BMDMs. Systemic administration of PLX3397 to the osteosarcoma orthotopic xenograft model significantly suppressed the primary tumor growth and lung metastasis, and thus improved metastasis-free survival. PLX3397 treatment concurrently depleted TAMs and FOXP3+ regulatory T cells and, surprisingly, enhanced infiltration of CD8+ T cells into the microenvironments of both primary and metastatic osteosarcoma sites. Our preclinical results show that PLX3397 has strong macrophage- and T-cell-modulating effects that may translate into cancer immunotherapy for bone and soft-tissue sarcomas.

7.
Acta Med Okayama ; 75(2): 225-230, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953430

RESUMO

A 65-year-old man presented with a left medial meniscus (MM) posterior root tear (PRT). Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty was performed 12 months after transtibial pullout repair of the MMPRT. Repaired MM posterior root tissue was subjected to histological analysis. Immunostaining and picrosirius red staining showed sufficient deposition of type I collagen, and hematoxylin-eosin staining using a polarized microscope showed well-aligned fiber orientation in the repaired tissue. The repaired posterior root (post-transtibial pullout repair) showed mature and well-aligned ligament-like tissue. Preserving the MM posterior root remnant to mimic the original posterior root tissue might be useful when performing pullout repair.

8.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0250643, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886686

RESUMO

Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is a rare cancer that develops from soft tissues in any part of the body. Despite major advances in the treatment of STS, patients are often refractory to conventional radiotherapy, leading to poor prognosis. Enhancement of sensitivity to radiotherapy would therefore improve the clinical outcome of STS patients. We previously revealed that the tumor-specific, replication-competent oncolytic adenovirus OBP-301 kills human sarcoma cells. In this study, we investigated the radiosensitizing effect of OBP-301 in human STS cells. The in vitro antitumor effect of OBP-301 and ionizing radiation in monotherapy or combination therapy was assessed using highly radiosensitive (RD-ES and SK-ES-1) and moderately radiosensitive (HT1080 and NMS-2) STS cell lines. The expression of markers for apoptosis and DNA damage were evaluated in STS cells after treatment. The therapeutic potential of combination therapy was further analyzed using SK-ES-1 and HT1080 cells in subcutaneous xenograft tumor models. The combination of OBP-301 and ionizing radiation showed a synergistic antitumor effect in all human STS cell lines tested, including those that show different radiosensitivity. OBP-301 was found to enhance irradiation-induced apoptosis and DNA damage via suppression of anti-apoptotic myeloid cell leukemia 1 (MCL1), which was expressed at higher levels in moderately radiosensitive cell lines. The combination of OBP-301 and ionizing radiation showed a more profound antitumor effect compared to monotherapy in SK-ES-1 (highly radiosensitive) and HT1080 (moderately radiosensitive) subcutaneous xenograft tumors. OBP-301 is a promising antitumor reagent to improve the therapeutic potential of radiotherapy by increasing radiation-induced apoptosis in STS.


Assuntos
Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Tolerância a Radiação , Sarcoma/terapia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/terapia , Adenoviridae/genética , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Terapia Combinada , Dano ao DNA/efeitos da radiação , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Proteína de Sequência 1 de Leucemia de Células Mieloides/genética , Terapia Viral Oncolítica , Radiação Ionizante , Sarcoma/metabolismo , Sarcoma/patologia , Sarcoma/radioterapia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/patologia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/radioterapia , Transplante Heterólogo
9.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(5)2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802565

RESUMO

Sarcomas are complex tissues in which sarcoma cells maintain intricate interactions with their tumor microenvironment. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are a major component of tumor-infiltrating immune cells in the tumor microenvironment and have a dominant role as orchestrators of tumor-related inflammation. TAMs promote tumor growth and metastasis, stimulate angiogenesis, mediate immune suppression, and limit the antitumor activity of conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Evidence suggests that the increased infiltration of TAMs and elevated expression of macrophage-related genes are associated with poor prognoses in most solid tumors, whereas evidence of this in sarcomas is limited. Based on these findings, TAM-targeted therapeutic strategies, such as inhibition of CSF-1/CSF-1R, CCL2/CCR2, and CD47/SIRPα, have been developed and are currently being evaluated in clinical trials. While most of the therapeutic challenges that target sarcoma cells have been unsuccessful and the prognosis of sarcomas has plateaued since the 1990s, several clinical trials of these strategies have yielded promising results and warrant further investigation to determine their translational benefit in sarcoma patients. This review summarizes the roles of TAMs in sarcomas and provides a rationale and update of TAM-targeted therapy as a novel treatment approach for sarcomas.

10.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 70(5): 1405-1417, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151368

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint inhibitors including anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) antibody have recently improved clinical outcome in certain cancer patients; however, osteosarcoma (OS) patients are refractory to PD-1 blockade. Oncolytic virotherapy has emerged as novel immunogenic therapy to augment antitumor immune response. We developed a telomerase-specific replication-competent oncolytic adenovirus OBP-502 that induces lytic cell death via binding to integrins. In this study, we assessed the combined effect of PD-1 blockade and OBP-502 in OS cells. The expression of coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR), integrins αvß3 and αvß5, and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) was analyzed in two murine OS cells (K7M2, NHOS). The cytopathic activity of OBP-502 in both cells was analyzed using the XTT assay. OBP-502-induced immunogenic cell death was assessed by analyzing the level of extracellular ATP and high-mobility group box protein B1 (HMGB1). Subcutaneous tumor models for K7M2 and NHOS cells were used to evaluate the antitumor effect and number of tumor-infiltrating CD8+ cells in combination therapy. K7M2 and NHOS cells showed high expression of integrins αvß3 and αvß5, but not CAR. OBP-502 significantly suppressed the viability of both cells, in which PD-L1 expression and the release of ATP and HMGB1 were significantly increased. Intratumoral injection of OBP-502 significantly augmented the efficacy of PD-1 blockade on subcutaneous K2M2 and NHOS tumor models via enhancement of tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells. Our results suggest that telomerase-specific oncolytic virotherapy is a promising antitumor strategy to promote the efficacy of PD-1 blockade in OS.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Terapia Viral Oncolítica/métodos , Osteossarcoma/terapia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/terapia , Adenoviridae/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Telomerase/genética
11.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 9414, 2020 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32523124

RESUMO

Infiltrative tumor growth into adjacent soft tissues is a major cause of the frequent recurrence and tumor-related death of myxofibrosarcoma (MFS), but no useful biomarkers reflecting tumor burden and infiltrative growth are available. While emerging evidence suggests a diagnostic and functional role of extracellular/circulating microRNA (miRNA) in various malignant diseases, their significance in MFS patients remains unknown. Global miRNA profiling identified four upregulated miRNAs in MFS patient sera and culture media of MFS cells. Among these, serum miR-1260b level was significantly upregulated in patient serum discriminating from healthy individuals and closely correlated with clinical status and tumor dynamics in MFS-bearing mice. In addition, high miR-1260b expression in serum was correlated with radiological tail-like patterns, characteristic of the infiltrative MFS. The extracellular miR-1260b was embedded in tumor-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) and promoted cellular invasion of MFS through the downregulation of PCDH9 in the adjacent normal fibroblasts. Collectively, circulating miR-1260b expression may represent a novel diagnostic target for tumor monitoring of this highly aggressive sarcoma. Moreover, EV-miR-1260b could act as a transfer messenger to adjacent cells and mediate the infiltrative growth of MFS, providing new insights into the mechanism of infiltrative nature via crosstalk between tumor cells and their microenvironment.


Assuntos
MicroRNA Circulante/genética , Fibrossarcoma/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Vesículas Extracelulares/genética , Feminino , Fibroblastos/patologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Histiocitoma Fibroso Maligno/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
12.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 42(5): 712-720, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31061313

RESUMO

We conducted a retrospective study to investigate adverse drug reactions and associated medical costs among elderly individuals that could be avoided if pharmacotherapy was performed in accordance with the Beers Criteria: the Japanese Version (BCJV) and Guidelines for Medical Treatment and Its Safety in the Elderly 2015 (GL2015). Patients aged at least 65 years who were either hospitalized at Gifu Municipal Hospital between October 1 and November 30, 2014 (n = 1236) or had outpatient examinations at Gifu Municipal Hospital on October 1-2, 2014 (n = 980) were included in the study. The outcomes measured were usage rates of drugs listed in the BCJV and GL2015, incidence rates of adverse drug reactions, and additional costs incurred per patient due to adverse reactions. Among the inpatients, usage rates of drugs listed in the BCJV and GL2015 were 24.0 and 72.4%, respectively, and adverse reactions to these drugs occurred at rates of 3.0 and 8.2%, respectively. Among the outpatients, while the usage rates were 26.2% (BCJV) and 59.9% (GL2015), the incidence rates of adverse reactions were 4.7% (BCJV) and 3.9% (GL2015). The additional costs incurred due to adverse drug reactions ranged from 12713-163925 yen per patient. Our results demonstrate that appropriate use of drugs based on the BCJV and GL2015 can help prevent adverse reactions; this would reduce the overall medical costs.


Assuntos
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/economia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Prescrição Inadequada/economia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Hospitalização/economia , Hospitais Municipais , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Lista de Medicamentos Potencialmente Inapropriados , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
13.
J Orthop Sci ; 24(2): 337-341, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30857616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although osteoid osteomas have traditionally been treated by surgical excision, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has gained favor as a less invasive procedure. However, RFA is contraindicated for osteoid osteomas close to the skin or crucial neurovascular structures, and is not covered by national health insurance in Japan. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of surgical excision of osteoid osteomas using intraoperative navigation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of five patients with osteoid osteoma who underwent a mini-open excision using O-arm/Stealth navigation at our institution. The osteoid osteomas were excised using a cannulated cutter or curetted out with the assistance of navigation. RESULTS: Complete excision was achieved in all patients, which was confirmed by pathological examination. The mean skin incision was 2.1 cm (range, 1.5 to 3.0 cm) and the mean duration required for setup three-dimensional image was 15 min (range, 12 to 20 min). Although the mean visual analog scale score was 7 (range, 4 to 8) before surgery, all patients experienced relief from their characteristic pain immediately after surgery, with the mean scores of 2.2 (range, 1 to 3) and 0 at 2 days and 4 weeks after surgery, respectively. There was no intra-operative complication related to the navigation and no recurrence was observed during the mean follow-up period of 25 months (range, 13 to 33 months). CONCLUSIONS: Mini-open excision using intraoperative O-arm/Stealth navigation is a safe and accurate procedure for patients with osteoid osteoma, which could cover the limitation of RFA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Osteoma Osteoide/cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Adolescente , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Osteoma Osteoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoma Osteoide/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Int Immunol ; 31(4): 187-198, 2019 03 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30508092

RESUMO

CD11b+ myeloid subpopulations, including myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), play crucial roles in the suppression of T-cell-mediated anti-tumor immunity. Regulation of these cell types is a primary goal for achieving efficient cancer immunotherapy. We found that metformin (Met) induces CD11b+-cell-mediated growth inhibition of a K7M2neo osteosarcoma independent of T cells, as growth inhibition of K7M2neo was still observed in wild-type (WT) mice depleted of T cells by antibodies and in SCID; this contrasted with the effect of Met on Meth A fibrosarcoma, which was entirely T-cell-dependent. Moreover, the inhibitory effect seen in SCID was abrogated by anti-CD11b antibody injection. PMN-MDSCs were significantly reduced in both spleens and tumors following Met treatment. In TAMs, production of IL-12 and TNF-α, but not IL-10, became apparent, and elevation of MHC class II with reduction of CD206 was observed, indicating a shift from an M2- to M1-like phenotype via Met administration. Metabolically, Met treatment decreased basal respiration and the oxygen consumption rate (OCR)/extracellular acidification rate (ECAR) ratio of CD11b+ cells in tumors, but not in the spleen. In addition, decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and proton leakage in MDSCs and TAMs were consistently observed in tumors. Uptake of both 2-deoxy-2-d-glucose (2-NBDG) and BODIPY® decreased in MDSCs, but only BODIPY® incorporation was decreased in TAMs. Overall, our results suggest that Met redirects the metabolism of CD11b+ cells to lower oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) while elevating glycolysis, thereby pushing the microenvironment to a state that inhibits the growth of certain tumors.


Assuntos
Macrófagos/imunologia , Metformina/metabolismo , Células Mieloides/imunologia , Células Supressoras Mieloides/imunologia , Osteossarcoma/imunologia , Animais , Antígeno CD11b/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Reprogramação Celular , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunidade , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos SCID , Fosforilação Oxidativa , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral
16.
Anticancer Res ; 38(9): 5035-5042, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30194147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Clear cell sarcoma (CCS) of soft tissue is exceedingly rare and frequently exhibits aggressive behavior. Toward the goals of improving the aggressive course and poor prognosis of CCS, and establish new therapeutic methods, molecular genetic and biological characterizations of CCS are required. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A new human CCS cell line (designated RSAR001) was established from the pleural effusion of a 44-year-old man with multiple lung metastases and pleural dissemination. The cell line and its xenograft were characterized including their morphology, immunohistochemistry, cytogenetic analysis, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, direct sequencing analysis, and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis. RESULTS: The cell line has been maintained for over 12 months with more than 50 passages. RSAR001 cells exhibited a fascicular or diffuse growth pattern of short spindle- or oval-shaped cells with clear cytoplasm in heterotransplanted tumor, that was similar to the primary tumor. Immunophenotypically, RSAR001 cells in vitro and in vivo exhibited almost the same characteristics as the primary tumor. Cytogenetic analyses revealed a translocation, t(12;22)(q13;q12). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing analysis detected transcripts of the Ewing sarcoma breakpoint region 1-activating transcription factor 1 (EWSR1-ATF1) type 1 fusion gene. Fluorescence in situ hybridization using a break-apart probe for the EWSR1 gene on 22q12 showed a rearrangement. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that the RSAR001 cell line harbors EWSR1-ATF1 type 1 chimeric fusion gene, which is specific to CCS. RSAR001 cells might be useful for investigating biological behaviors and developing new treatments such as molecular-targeting antitumor drugs or immunological drugs for CCS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Derrame Pleural Maligno/genética , Sarcoma de Células Claras/genética , Adulto , Animais , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Cariótipo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Masculino , Camundongos , Transplante de Neoplasias , Derrame Pleural Maligno/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural Maligno/patologia , Sarcoma de Células Claras/metabolismo , Sarcoma de Células Claras/patologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
17.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 770, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30061835

RESUMO

Patients on dialysis require caregiving and assistance in their daily lives from family members and/or others for hospital visitation and supervised administration. This places a considerable burden on caregivers, which can in turn influence caregivers' quality of life (QOL). We recruited dialysis patients and their caregivers to elucidate how the QOL of patients relates to that of their caregivers'. Patients completed the EuroQol 5-Dimension scale (EQ-5D) and Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form. Caregivers completed the EQ-5D and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). We calculated utility index values for the EQ-5D, and physical, mental (MCS), and role-social component summary scores for the SF-36. Compared to national norms, the caregivers of dialysis patients tended to have poor physical health-related QOL but normal mental health-related QOL, as also found with patients. The multivariate analysis revealed that ≥ median dialysis period and ≥ average burden of kidney disease were significantly related to caregiver MCS score (odds ratios; 6.79 and 9.89, respectively). Caregivers tended to have lower physical health-related QOL if their patients had high social QOL, and lower mental health-related QOL during the early stage of the patient's dialysis treatment, and when patients experienced low disease-targeted QOL.

18.
J Orthop Sci ; 23(6): 1045-1050, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30037470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although emerging evidence has suggested that computer-assisted navigation allows surgeons to plan the optimal level of resection without compromising the surgical margins, the precise accuracy of the procedures has been unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy and safety of the musculoskeletal tumor resection using O-arm/Stealth intraoperative navigation assistance. METHODS: A retrospective study of six patients with bone and soft tissue tumors who underwent surgical resection using O-arm/Stealth navigation system was performed. The histological diagnosis was osteosarcoma, metastatic bone tumor, leiomyosarcoma, undifferentiated sarcoma, and synovial sarcoma, respectively. Tumor resection was performed according to planned osteotomy planes determined on O-arm/Stealth three-dimensional intraoperative images. The resection accuracy, length of time for the procedures, surgical margins, and perioperative complications were evaluated. RESULTS: The distances between the entry and exit points for the planned and actual cuts were 1.5 ± 0.3 mm and 2.3 ± 0.3 mm, respectively, and the mean discrepancy of the osteotomy angle was 2.8 ± 1.2°. The mean length of time required for navigation was 14 min. A histological examination revealed clear margins in all patients. There were no complications related to navigation, and no patients developed local recurrence during a mean follow-up of 30.6 months. CONCLUSIONS: The O-arm/Stealth intraoperative CT navigation system provides safe and accurate osteotomy in musculoskeletal tumor resections. However, surgeons should keep in mind and be careful of minimal errors during osteotomy, which are around 2 mm from the planned line.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcoma/patologia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
19.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 488, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29950988

RESUMO

Dialysis treatment is known to lead to reduced quality of life (QOL) among patients. This decreased QOL is believed to influence medication compliance, although this effect has not yet been clarified. In this study, we investigated whether decreased QOL due to dialysis treatment does in fact influence medication compliance. Participants were 92 patients who self-managed their medication and were receiving dialysis treatment at Secomedic Hospital or Chiba Central Medical Center. We surveyed their age, sex, dialysis period, and medication management situation, and administered the EQ-5D and Kidney Disease Quality of Life Instrument-Short Form. A multiple logistic regression analysis with medication compliance as the dependent variable and QOL as the independent variable was conducted. The recovery rate and effective response rate were both 100%. The results indicated that patients with good sleep QOL (mean or above) had higher odds of medication compliance (odds ratio, 3.36; 95% confidence interval, 1.26-8.96; P = 0.016). Therefore, improving the quality of sleep of dialysis patients might help to improve their medication compliance.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29946474

RESUMO

Background: Incretin-based drugs are important in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, among the incretin-based drugs, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1-RAs) have been reported to cause gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)-like symptoms making it difficult to continue treatment. Therefore, with the aim of clarifying the relationship between incretin-based drugs and GERD-like symptoms, we conducted a pharmacoepidemiological study using the Japanese adverse drug event report database (JADER). Methods: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4-Is) and GLP-1-RAs were set as the incretin-based target drugs. The reporting odds ratio (ROR) and the information component (IC) was used for the detection of quantitative signals. Furthermore, we also compared the time to onset of GERD-like symptoms by log-rank test. Results: GERD-like symptoms were reported in 36 GLP-1-RAs cases (ROR: 5.61, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 3.95-7.96 and IC: 2.17, 95% CI: 1.66-2.67) and GLP-1-RAs were detected in the signal. In contrast, DPP-4-Is were not detected in the signal.There was no sex difference with regard to the expression time of GERD-like symptoms by GLP-1-RAs (log-rank test, p = 0.5381). However, the expression time of GERD-like symptoms from GLP-1-RAs was shorter in patients older than 70 years of age than that in those younger than 70 years of age (log-rank test, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: The administration of GLP-1-RA had a higher incidence of GERD-like symptoms earlier than the administration of DPP-4-Is. In this study, although we think that further investigation is necessary, and suggest that patients older than 70 years of age who have been administered GLP-1-RAs need earlier attention to address GERD-like symptoms than younger patients.

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