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1.
J Fam Psychol ; 2022 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35679215

RESUMO

Parental involvement is a key ingredient in school policy and various parental involvement programs aim at raising children's school success. Adding to existing meta-analyses summarizing the findings on the effectiveness of parental involvement programs, we included academic and nonacademic outcomes, and analyzed the correspondence between changes in parents' involvement and changes in children's outcomes. We synthesized findings regarding the effectiveness of parental involvement interventions for children's academic and nonacademic outcomes from preschool to third grade. A total of 307 effect sizes were obtained from 39 studies included in the meta-analysis. Using a random-effect approach, the average effect suggested that parental involvement interventions had a positive and moderate effect on children's overall performance, as well as on academic and nonacademic outcomes when considered separately. School-based and home-based interventions were not significantly associated with the overall effect. Further characteristics of the intervention were analyzed as moderators. The effects of the intervention on parental involvement itself were significantly associated with the effect size differences on children's outcomes. Implications for policy and practice are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).

2.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 897, 2022 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Policy debates over anti-poverty programs are often marked by pernicious stereotypes suggesting that direct cash transfers to people residing in poverty encourage health-risking behaviors such as smoking, drinking, and other substance use. Causal evidence on this issue is limited in the U.S. Given the prominent role of child allowances and other forms of cash assistance in the 2021 American Rescue Plan and proposed Build Back Better legislation, evidence on the extent to which a monthly unconditional cash gift changes substance use patterns among low-income mothers with infants warrants attention, particularly in the context of economic supports that can help improve early environments of children. METHOD: We employ a multi-site, parallel-group, randomized control trial in which 1,000 low-income mothers in the U.S. with newborns were recruited from hospitals shortly after the infant's birth and randomly assigned to receive either a substantial ($333) or a nominal ($20) monthly cash gift during the early years of the infant's life. We estimate the effect of the unconditional cash transfer on self-report measures of maternal substance use (i.e., alcohol, cigarette, or opioid use) and household expenditures on alcohol and cigarettes after one year of cash gifts. RESULTS: The cash gift difference of $313 per month had small and statistically nonsignificant impacts on group differences in maternal reports of substance use and household expenditures on alcohol or cigarettes. Effect sizes ranged between - 0.067 standard deviations and + 0.072 standard deviations. The estimated share of the $313 group difference spent on alcohol and tobacco was less than 1%. CONCLUSIONS: Our randomized control trial of monthly cash gifts to mothers with newborn infants finds that a cash gift difference of $313 per month did not significantly change maternal use of alcohol, cigarettes, or opioids or household expenditures on alcohol or cigarettes. Although the structure of our cash gifts differs somewhat from that of a government-provided child allowance, our null effect findings suggest that unconditional cash transfers aimed at families living in poverty are unlikely to induce large changes in substance use and expenditures by recipients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered on Clinical Trials.gov NCT03593356 in July of 2018.


Assuntos
Mães , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Criança , Características da Família , Feminino , Declarações Financeiras , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Pobreza , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle
3.
Child Dev ; 93(4): 1030-1043, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35373346

RESUMO

The first months of life are critical for establishing neural connections relevant for social and cognitive development. Yet, the United States lacks a national policy of paid family leave during this important period of brain development. This study examined associations between paid leave and infant electroencephalography (EEG) at 3 months in a sociodemographically diverse sample of families from New York City (N = 80; 53 males; 48% Latine; data collection occurred 05/2018-12/2019). Variable-centered regression results indicate that paid leave status was related to differences in EEG power (ps < .02, R2 s > .12). Convergent results from person-centered latent profile analyses demonstrate that mothers with paid leave were 7.39 times as likely to have infants with EEG profiles characterized by increased higher-Hz power (95% CI, 1.9-36.9), potentially reflecting more mature patterns of brain activity.


Assuntos
Emprego , Licença para Cuidar de Pessoa da Família , Encéfalo , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mães/psicologia , Cidade de Nova Iorque , Estados Unidos
4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(5)2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35074878

RESUMO

Early childhood poverty is a risk factor for lower school achievement, reduced earnings, and poorer health, and has been associated with differences in brain structure and function. Whether poverty causes differences in neurodevelopment, or is merely associated with factors that cause such differences, remains unclear. Here, we report estimates of the causal impact of a poverty reduction intervention on brain activity in the first year of life. We draw data from a subsample of the Baby's First Years study, which recruited 1,000 diverse low-income mother-infant dyads. Shortly after giving birth, mothers were randomized to receive either a large or nominal monthly unconditional cash gift. Infant brain activity was assessed at approximately 1 y of age in the child's home, using resting electroencephalography (EEG; n = 435). We hypothesized that infants in the high-cash gift group would have greater EEG power in the mid- to high-frequency bands and reduced power in a low-frequency band compared with infants in the low-cash gift group. Indeed, infants in the high-cash gift group showed more power in high-frequency bands. Effect sizes were similar in magnitude to many scalable education interventions, although the significance of estimates varied with the analytic specification. In sum, using a rigorous randomized design, we provide evidence that giving monthly unconditional cash transfers to mothers experiencing poverty in the first year of their children's lives may change infant brain activity. Such changes reflect neuroplasticity and environmental adaptation and display a pattern that has been associated with the development of subsequent cognitive skills.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiologia , Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Feminino , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Humanos , Renda , Lactente , Masculino , Mães , Pobreza , População Rural
5.
Child Dev ; 93(1): 254-268, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34463360

RESUMO

National-level monitoring of quality of early childhood education (ECE) is key to achieving inclusive and equitable education. Most countries report structural quality while process characteristics are rarely observed at the national level. This study examined the associations between ECE and children's development in a middle-income country using data from a nationally representative sample of public centers serving Colombian children (N = 3163; M = 4.3 years, 50% girls; 42% Mestizo, 16% White, 15% Afro-Colombian, 4% Indigenous, 23% not reported). Descriptive findings evidenced low to moderate quality. Multilevel models showed several positive associations between structural and process quality and child outcomes. Results have implications for the existing literature and highlight the feasibility of quality monitoring in low- and middle-income countries.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Renda , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Colômbia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
6.
Qual Health Res ; 32(1): 31-47, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558371

RESUMO

What is breastfeeding "success"? In this article, we challenge the traditional biomedical definition, instead centering visions of success described by breastfeeding mothers themselves. Using semi-structured interviews, quantitative surveys, and written narratives of 38 first-time mothers in the United States, we describe five common pathways through the first-year postpartum, a taxonomic distinction far more complex than a success-failure dichotomy: sustained breastfeeding, exclusive pumping, combination feeding, rapid weaning, and grinding back to exclusivity. We also explore the myriad ways in which mothers define and experience breastfeeding success, and in the process uncover the ways that cultural narratives-especially intensive mothering-color those experiences. Finally, we discuss how these experiences are shaped by infant feeding pathway. In doing so, we discover nuance that has gone unexplored in the breastfeeding literature. These findings have implications for supporting, promoting, and protecting breastfeeding in the United States and other high-income countries.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Mães , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Período Pós-Parto , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Pediatrics ; 148(4)2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475270

RESUMO

Childhood economic disadvantage is associated with lower cognitive and social-emotional skills, reduced educational attainment, and lower earnings in adulthood. Despite these robust correlations, it is unclear whether family income is the cause of differences observed between children growing up in poverty and their more fortunate peers or whether these differences are merely due to the many other aspects of family life that co-occur with poverty. Baby's First Years is the first randomized controlled trial in the United States designed to identify the causal impact of poverty reduction on children's early development. A total of 1000 low-income mothers of newborns were enrolled in the study and began receiving a monthly unconditional cash gift for the first several years of their children's lives. Mothers were randomly assigned to receive either a large monthly cash gift or a nominal monthly cash gift. All monthly gifts are administered via debit card and can be freely spent with no restrictions. Baby's First Years aims to answer whether poverty reduction in early childhood (1) improves children's developmental outcomes and promotes healthier brain functioning, and (2) improves family functioning and better enables parents to support child development. Here we present the rationale and design of the study as well as potential implications for science and policy.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Apoio Financeiro , Pobreza , Instituições de Caridade , Feminino , Apoio Financeiro/ética , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Humanos , Renda , Imposto de Renda , Lactente , Mães , Estados Unidos
8.
NPJ Sci Learn ; 6(1): 27, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508088

RESUMO

A recent Nature article modelled within-country inequalities in primary, secondary, and tertiary education and forecast progress towards Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets related to education (SDG 4). However, their paper entirely overlooks inequalities in achieving Target 4.2, which aims to achieve universal access to quality early childhood development, care and preschool education by 2030. This is an important omission because of the substantial brain, cognitive and socioemotional developments that occur in early life and because of increasing evidence of early-life learning's large impacts on subsequent education and lifetime wellbeing. We provide an overview of this evidence and use new analyses to illustrate medium- and long-term implications of early learning, first by presenting associations between pre-primary programme participation and adolescent mathematics and science test scores in 73 countries and secondly, by estimating the costs of inaction (not making pre-primary programmes universal) in terms of forgone lifetime earnings in 134 countries. We find considerable losses, comparable to or greater than current governmental expenditures on all education (as percentages of GDP), particularly in low- and lower-middle-income countries. In addition to improving primary, secondary and tertiary schooling, we conclude that to attain SDG 4 and reduce inequalities in a post-COVID era, it is essential to prioritize quality early childhood care and education, including adopting policies that support families to promote early learning and their children's education.

9.
Dev Psychol ; 57(8): 1254-1260, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591569

RESUMO

This study examined toddlers' autonomy- and connectedness-oriented behaviors and mothers' encouragement of autonomy and connectedness in two cohorts (1995 and 2008) in urban China. Observational data were collected from Chinese children and their mothers in a laboratory free play session. The results showed that compared with children in the 1995 cohort (207 children, 95 boys, Mage = 24.09 months), children in the 2008 cohort (281 children, 144 boys, Mage = 24.34 months) displayed fewer connectedness-oriented behaviors and spent more time on autonomous activities. Compared with mothers in the 1995 cohort (45% with a college education), mothers in the 2008 cohort (43.4% with a college education) were less likely to display involvement in children's activities and more likely to encourage child autonomy. The results suggest that macrolevel contexts may play an important role in shaping parenting and children's behaviors. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Mães , Poder Familiar , Pré-Escolar , China , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
10.
J Adolesc Res ; 36(2): 154-182, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393353

RESUMO

Research among sexual and gender minority (SGM) youth has suggested associations between Gender-Sexuality Alliance (GSA) involvement and better health. Emergent research has similarly demonstrated associations between family support and general well-being among SGM youth. However, the trait of bravery has received little attention in this literature, despite its relevance for youth in marginalized positions. We examined the association between level of GSA involvement, family support, and bravery among GSA members (n = 295; M age = 16.07), and whether those associations differed based on sexual orientation or gender identity. We then conducted one-on-one interviews with SGM youth (n = 10), to understand how they understood bravery and experienced support in both GSA and family contexts. Greater GSA involvement significantly predicted greater bravery for all youth, whereas greater family support predicted greater bravery only for heterosexual youth. No significant moderation was found for gender minority youth. Our qualitative findings clarified how SGM youth conceptualized bravery and how they experienced it within their GSA and family settings. GSAs were associated with more frequent displays of explicit support for SGM identity, while families were perceived as providing less explicit support.

11.
Breastfeed Med ; 16(7): 530-538, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34115545

RESUMO

Objective: To assess whether in-hospital infant formula supplementation impacts later successful breastfeeding among healthy mother-infant dyads in the United States who are not intending to exclusively use infant formula. Study Design: Using secondary analysis of a national longitudinal survey (Infant Feeding Practices Study II, n = 2,399), we estimated effects of in-hospital infant formula supplementation on later breastfeeding success by matching mothers whose infants received in-hospital formula supplementation with mothers whose infants did not. Estimates were compared across four matching methods. Outcomes of breastfeeding success included likelihood of following a sustained breastfeeding trajectory for the first year postpartum; feelings of favorability and breastfeeding as long as desired postweaning; and breastfeeding intention, initiation, and duration for subsequent children. Results: In-hospital formula supplementation halved the likelihood of following a breastfeeding trajectory characterized by sustained exclusive breastfeeding. Supplementation decreased feelings of favorability toward breastfeeding postweaning but did not impact the likelihood of feeling that one breastfed as long as desired. Supplementation did not impact intention to breastfeed a future child; it did, however, decrease the likelihood of breastfeeding initiation with a subsequent child by >66% and reduced average duration of breastfeeding any subsequent children by >6 weeks. Conclusion: A lack of experimental methodologies in previous studies makes it difficult to determine a causal link between infant formula in the hospital and less breastfeeding success. Assuming we have accounted for all appropriate confounders, this study provides evidence for such a causal link. Birth hospital policies and practices should speak of this risk of harm.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Fórmulas Infantis , Criança , Suplementos Nutricionais , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Lactente , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
12.
Am J Community Psychol ; 68(3-4): 358-370, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945165

RESUMO

Gender & Sexuality Alliances (GSAs) are school-based clubs that support youth of diverse sexual orientations and gender identities. As identity-centered spaces, GSAs could also foster discussions related to race and immigration (i.e., race and immigration talk). We conducted semi-structured interviews from 2016 to 2018 with 38 GSA members (ages 13-20 years old) of diverse racial/ethnic, immigrant-origin (first and second generations in the United States born of immigrant parents), sexual orientation, and gender identities. Race and immigration talk often occurred when discussing current events (e.g., the 2016 US Presidential Election). Students reported that race and immigration talk depended on representation (i.e., GSA demographics), if it was deemed personally relevant to members, and whether students perceived issues of race and immigration as part of the agenda of the GSA. Some students indicated motivation to discuss racism and nativism yet refrained from doing so due to discomfort or fear of misspeaking. Overall, youth primarily viewed the GSA as a space for LGBTQIA+-oriented discussions and support yet expressed potential for fostering productive race and immigration talk in GSAs given the ongoing US sociopolitical climate. Discussions facilitated by advisors focusing on inter-connected oppression (e.g., intersections of racism and heterosexism) and that leverage brave space discussion dynamics may help students develop competencies to engage in race and immigration talk.


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adolescente , Adulto , Emigração e Imigração , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Comportamento Sexual , Sexualidade , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
13.
BMJ Glob Health ; 6(4)2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33875519

RESUMO

A comprehensive evidence-based framework is needed to guide policies and programmes that enable children and adolescents to accrue the human capital required to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This paper proposes a comprehensive, multisectoral, multilevel life-course conceptualisation of human capital development by building on the Nurturing Care Framework (NCF), originally developed for the foundational period of growth and development through the age 3 years. Nurturing care (NC) comprises stable environments that promote children's health and nutrition, protect from threats, and provide opportunities for learning and responsive, emotionally supportive and developmentally enriching relationships. NC is fostered by families, communities, services, national policies and beyond. The principles apply across the life course, endorse equity and human rights, and promote long-term human capital. This paper presents an evidence-based argument for the extension of the NCF from preconception through adolescence (0-20 years), organised into six developmental periods: preconception/prenatal, newborn/birth, infancy/toddlerhood, preschool, middle childhood and adolescence. The proposed framework advances human capital within each developmental period by promoting resilience and adaptive developmental trajectories while mitigating negative consequences of adversities.Attaining the SDGs depends on strengthening human capital formation, extending throughout childhood and adolescence and supported by NC. Embedded in enabling laws, policies and services, the dynamic NCF components can mitigate adversities, enhance resilience and promote the well-being of marginalised groups. The life-course extension of the NCF is strategically positioned to enhance human capital, to attain the SDGs and to ensure that children or adolescents are not left behind in reaching their developmental potential.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Saúde da Criança , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Recém-Nascido
14.
Am J Community Psychol ; 68(3-4): 513-530, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823084

RESUMO

Youth-adult partnerships are intentionally cultivated intergenerational relationships characterized by shared power among youth and adults. Although youth-adult partnerships (Y-APs) are widely adopted as a strategy to promote key positive development outcomes in youth service organizations, research documents various challenges that affect their quality implementation. This critical literature review presents a theoretical framework for how community-based youth service organizations may enhance youth-adult partnership quality through organizational learning. The main premise is that Y-AP implementation challenges are best understood as challenges of collective learning within an organization. As such, the review integrates theory and research in organizational learning with present scholarship on Y-APs to delineate how two learning processes-intra-group and inter-group knowledge transfer-influence Y-AP quality. These learning pathways exist in dynamic interaction at different levels of the organizational hierarchy, at the point of service and beyond. The theoretical framework provides a road map for effective functioning of Y-APs in practice and an interpretive lens for descriptive and intervention research to understand and address Y-AP challenges.


Assuntos
Organizações , Grupos Populacionais , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Aprendizagem
15.
Health Educ Res ; 36(3): 295-308, 2021 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33544834

RESUMO

Belonging to a school Gender and Sexuality Alliance (GSA) is associated with lower substance use among LGBTQ+ youth. However, it is unknown whether GSA participation facilitates access to resources for substance use concerns. Using longitudinal data from 38 Massachusetts high schools, we compared sources of support for substance use concerns listed by GSA members (n = 361) and nonmembers (n = 1539). Subsequently, we tested whether GSA membership was associated with comfort, confidence and awareness regarding substance use resources in school and the community. Finally, we assessed whether specific GSA activities and discussions (e.g. social support) were associated with these outcomes. Among students with recent substance use, GSA membership was associated with greater comfort, confidence and awareness regarding school-based substance use resources in the spring semester, adjusted for fall semester levels and non-GSA club involvement. Furthermore, students in GSAs where members reported more advocacy and social support activities reported higher levels of comfort, confidence and awareness regarding community-based substance use resources. These results indicate that among students using alcohol or nicotine products, GSA members may be more receptive to school-based substance use prevention efforts. Furthermore, GSA-based social support and activism experiences may promote access to community-based substance use resources.


Assuntos
Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Adolescente , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Sexualidade , Estudantes
16.
Dev Psychopathol ; 33(2): 714-726, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517930

RESUMO

An estimated 12 million girls aged 15-19 years, and 777,000 girls younger than 15 give birth globally each year. Contexts of war and displacement increase the likelihood of early marriage and childbearing. Given the developmentally sensitive periods of early childhood and adolescence, adolescent motherhood in conflict-affected contexts may put a family at risk intergenerationally. We propose that the specifics of normative neuroendocrine development during adolescence, including increased sensitivity to stress, pose additional risks to adolescent girls and their young children in the face of war and displacement, with potential lifelong consequences for health and development. This paper proposes a developmental, dual-generational framework for research and policies to better understand and address the needs of adolescent mothers and their small children. We draw from the literature on developmental stress physiology, adolescent parenthood in contexts of war and displacement internationally, and developmental cultural neurobiology. We also identify culturally meaningful sources of resilience and provide a review of the existing literature on interventions supporting adolescent mothers and their offspring. We aim to honor Edward Zigler's groundbreaking life and career by integrating basic developmental science with applied intervention and policy.


Assuntos
Mães , Gravidez na Adolescência , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Casamento , Gravidez
17.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236107, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Globally, studies have shown associations between maternal stimulation and early child development. Yet, little is known about the prevalence of paternal and other caregivers' stimulation practices, particularly in low- and- middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: Data from the Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey (MICS) and the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) were combined across 62 LMICs (2010-2018). The sample included 205,150 mothers of children aged 3 and 4 years. High levels of stimulation were defined as caregiver engagement in at least 4 out of 6 possible activities with the child. The proportion of mothers, fathers, and other caregivers providing high levels of stimulation was calculated by country, region, and for the whole sample. Socioeconomic disparities within and between countries were estimated. RESULTS: On average, 39.8% (95% CI 37.4 to 42.2) of mothers, 11.9% (95% CI 10.1 to 13.8) of fathers, and 20.7% (95% CI 18.4 to 23.0) of other adult caregivers provided high levels of stimulation. Stimulation varied by region, country income group, and Human Development Index (HDI), with higher levels of maternal and paternal-but not other caregivers'-stimulation in high-income and high-HDI countries. Within countries, stimulation levels were, on average, lower in the poorest relative to the richest households, and some but not all countries exhibited differences by child sex (i.e., boys vs. girls) or area (i.e., urban vs. rural). CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest a need for intervention efforts that focus on increasing caregiver stimulation in LMICs, particularly for fathers and in low-income contexts.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Países em Desenvolvimento/estatística & dados numéricos , Pai/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Relações Pai-Filho , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Mãe-Filho , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
J Res Adolesc ; 30 Suppl 1: 158-176, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30260054

RESUMO

Drawing from a person-environment fit framework, we identified profiles of youth in gay-straight alliances (GSAs) based on the extent to which they received information/resources, socializing/support, and advocacy opportunities in their GSAs and the extent to which this matched what they desired from their GSA along these three functions. Further, we examined profile differences in positive developmental competencies while accounting for community-contextual factors. In a sample of 290 youth from 42 Massachusetts GSAs, latent profile analyses identified five subgroups. Overall, youth receiving less from their GSAs than they desired, particularly regarding opportunities for advocacy, reported lower levels of self-reflection, bravery, civic engagement, and agency than youth who received information, socializing/support, and advocacy that matched or exceeded what they desired.


Assuntos
Instituições Acadêmicas/organização & administração , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Identificação Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Masculino , Massachusetts , Grupo Associado , Adulto Jovem
20.
Child Dev ; 91(6): 1916-1933, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460082

RESUMO

Two-generation human capital programs seek to promote the education of parents and children simultaneously. This study examines relations between family participation in CareerAdvance, which recruits parents of Head Start children into a workforce training program, and children's Head Start attendance. The sample included 293 children (on average 4 years old) and their parents. After one semester, CareerAdvance children demonstrated higher rates of attendance and lower rates of absence and chronic absence (missing 10% or more of school days) than matched comparison children. These associations were similar across a range of high- and low-risk subgroups at baseline. These findings are discussed in terms of the implications of a family systems approach for improving children's Head Start attendance.


Assuntos
Intervenção Educacional Precoce , Pais/educação , Instituições Acadêmicas , Educação Vocacional , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
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