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1.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 714440, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595130

RESUMO

People with diabetes mellitus are susceptible to both cardiovascular disease and severe influenza A virus infection. We hypothesized that diabetes also increases risks of influenza-associated cardiac complications. A murine type 1 (streptozotocin-induced) diabetes model was employed to investigate influenza-induced cardiac distress. Lung histopathology and viral titres revealed no difference in respiratory severity between infected control and diabetic mice. However, compared with infected control mice, infected diabetic mice had increased serum cardiac troponin I and creatine-kinase MB, left ventricular structural changes and right ventricular functional alterations, providing the first experimental evidence of type I diabetes increasing risks of influenza-induced cardiovascular complications.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Vírus da Influenza A , Influenza Humana , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Humanos , Influenza Humana/complicações , Camundongos , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/complicações
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26892, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397913

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: There was no previous report on the prognostic impact of new-onset or improved anemia after discharge from acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF).We analyzed 771 patients with ADHF and who were followed in multicenters in Japan was divided into 4 groups based on the hemoglobin values at discharge and 6-month index visit: 373 patients (48.4%) with persistent anemia, 87 patients (11.3%) with new-onset anemia, 91 patients (11.8%) with improved anemia, and 220 patients (28.5%) without anemia.The primary outcome measure was a composite of all-cause death or HF hospitalization after index visit. The cumulative 6-month incidences of the primary outcome measure were 25.2% for persistent anemia, 18.5% for new onset anemia, 9.0% for improved anemia, and 9.2% for no anemia (log-rank P < .001). Compared with the no anemia group, the excess risk for the primary outcome measure remained significant in the persistent anemia group [hazard ratio (HR) 2.70, 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.45-5.44, P = .001] and in the new-onset anemia group (HR 2.73, 95% CI 1.19-6.25, P = .02), while it was not significant in the improved anemia group (HR 1.69, 95% CI 0.68-4.03, P = .25).Persistent and new-onset anemia at 6-month visit were associated with a subsequent higher risk for all-cause death or HF hospitalization in patients with ADHF, suggesting the importance of detecting anemia during follow-up.


Assuntos
Anemia/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0253999, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Admission systolic blood pressure has emerged as a predictor of postdischarge outcomes of patients with acute decompensated heart failure; however, its validity in varied clinical conditions of this patient subset is unclear. The aim of this study was to further explore the prognostic value of admission systolic blood pressure in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. METHODS: The Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure (KCHF) registry is a prospective, observational, multicenter cohort study enrolling consecutive patients with acute decompensated heart failure from 19 participating hospitals in Japan. Clinical characteristics at baseline and prognosis were examined by the following value range of admission systolic blood pressure: <100, 100-139, and ≥140 mmHg. The primary outcome measure was defined as all-cause death after discharge. Subgroup analyses were done for prior hospitalization for heart failure, hypertension, left ventricular ejection fraction, and medications at discharge. We excluded patients with acute coronary syndrome or insufficient data. RESULTS: We analyzed 3564 patients discharged alive out of 3804 patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure. In the entire cohort, lower admission systolic blood pressure was associated with poor outcomes (1-year cumulative incidence of all-cause death: <100 mmHg, 26.8%; 100-139 mmHg, 20.2%; and ≥140 mmHg, 15.1%, p<0.001). The magnitude of the effect of lower admission systolic blood pressure for postdischarge all-cause death was greater in patients with prior hospitalization for heart failure, heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, and ß-blocker use at discharge than in those without. CONCLUSIONS: Admission systolic blood pressure is useful for postdischarge risk stratification in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Its magnitude of the effect as a prognostic predictor may differ across clinical conditions of patients.

4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(15): e021257, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323122

RESUMO

Background Heart failure might be an important determinant in choosing coronary revascularization modalities. There was no previous study evaluating the effect of heart failure on long-term clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) relative to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods and Results Among 14 867 consecutive patients undergoing first coronary revascularization with PCI or isolated CABG between January 2011 and December 2013 in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry Cohort-3, we identified the current study population of 3380 patients with three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease, and compared clinical outcomes between PCI and CABG stratified by the subgroup based on the status of heart failure. There were 827 patients with heart failure (PCI: N=511, and CABG: N=316), and 2553 patients without heart failure (PCI: N=1619, and CABG: N=934). In patients with heart failure, the PCI group compared with the CABG group more often had advanced age, severe frailty, acute and severe heart failure, and elevated inflammatory markers. During a median 5.9 years of follow-up, there was a significant interaction between heart failure and the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG (interaction P=0.009), with excess mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG in patients with heart failure (HR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.28-2.42; P<0.001) and no excess mortality risk in patients without heart failure (HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.80-1.34; P=0.77). Conclusions There was a significant interaction between heart failure and the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG with excess risk in patients with heart failure and neutral risk in patients without heart failure.

5.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(15): e020292, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325523

RESUMO

Background No clinical studies have focused on the factors associated with discharge destination in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Methods and Results Of 4056 consecutive patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure in the KCHF (Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure) registry, we analyzed 3460 patients hospitalized from their homes and discharged alive. There were 3009 and 451 patients who were discharged to home and nonhome, respectively. We investigated the factors associated with nonhome discharge and compared the outcomes between home discharge and nonhome discharge. Factors independently and positively associated with nonhome discharge were age ≥80 years (odds ratio [OR],1.76; 95% CI,1.28-2.42), body mass index ≤22 kg/m2 (OR,1.49; 95% CI,1.12-1.97), poor medication adherence (OR, 2.08; 95% CI,1.49-2.88), worsening heart failure (OR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.46-2.82), stroke during hospitalization (OR, 3.74; 95% CI, 1.75-8.00), functional decline (OR, 12.24; 95% CI, 8.74-17.14), and length of hospital stay >16 days (OR, 4.14; 95% CI, 3.01-5.69), while those negatively associated were diabetes mellitus (OR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.51-0.94), cohabitants (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.46-0.85), and ambulatory state before admission (OR, 0.25; 95% CI, 0.18-0.36). The cumulative 1-year incidence of all-cause death was significantly higher in the nonhome discharge group than in the home discharge group. The nonhome discharge group compared with the nonhome discharge group was associated with a higher adjusted risk for all-cause death (hazard ratio, 1.66; P<0.001). Conclusions The discharge destination of patients with acute decompensated heart failure is influenced by factors such as prehospital social background, age, body mass index, low self-care ability, events during hospitalization (worsening heart failure, stroke, etc), functional decline, and length of hospital stay; moreover, the prognosis of nonhome discharge patients is worse than that of home discharge patients. Registration Information clinicaltrials.gov. Identifier: NCT02334891.

6.
Circulation ; 144(12): 947-960, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is one of the major risk factors implicated in morbidity and mortality associated with cardiovascular disease. During cardiac ischemia, the buildup of acidic metabolites results in decreased intracellular and extracellular pH, which can reach as low as 6.0 to 6.5. The resulting tissue acidosis exacerbates ischemic injury and significantly affects cardiac function. METHODS: We used genetic and pharmacologic methods to investigate the role of acid-sensing ion channel 1a (ASIC1a) in cardiac IRI at the cellular and whole-organ level. Human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes as well as ex vivo and in vivo models of IRI were used to test the efficacy of ASIC1a inhibitors as pre- and postconditioning therapeutic agents. RESULTS: Analysis of human complex trait genetics indicates that variants in the ASIC1 genetic locus are significantly associated with cardiac and cerebrovascular ischemic injuries. Using human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes in vitro and murine ex vivo heart models, we demonstrate that genetic ablation of ASIC1a improves cardiomyocyte viability after acute IRI. Therapeutic blockade of ASIC1a using specific and potent pharmacologic inhibitors recapitulates this cardioprotective effect. We used an in vivo model of myocardial infarction and 2 models of ex vivo donor heart procurement and storage as clinical models to show that ASIC1a inhibition improves post-IRI cardiac viability. Use of ASIC1a inhibitors as preconditioning or postconditioning agents provided equivalent cardioprotection to benchmark drugs, including the sodium-hydrogen exchange inhibitor zoniporide. At the cellular and whole organ level, we show that acute exposure to ASIC1a inhibitors has no effect on cardiac ion channels regulating baseline electromechanical coupling and physiologic performance. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide compelling evidence for a novel pharmacologic strategy involving ASIC1a blockade as a cardioprotective therapy to improve the viability of hearts subjected to IRI.

7.
Am J Cardiol ; 153: 20-29, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238444

RESUMO

The treatment of coronary artery disease has substantially changed over the past two decades. However, it is unknown whether and how much these changes have contributed to the improvement of long-term outcomes after coronary revascularization. We assessed trends in the demographics, practice patterns and long-term outcomes in 24,951 patients who underwent their first percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (n = 20,106), or isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (n = 4,845) using the data in a series of the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG Registries (Cohort-1 [2000 to 2002]: n = 7,435, Cohort-2 [2005 to 2007]: n = 8,435, and Cohort-3 [2011 to 2013]: n = 9,081). From Cohort-1 to Cohort-3, the patients got progressively older across subsequent cohorts (67.0 ± 10.0, 68.4 ± 9.9, and 69.8 ± 10.2 years, ptrend < 0.001). There was increased use of PCI over CABG (73.5%, 81.9%, and 85.2%, ptrend < 0.001) and increased prevalence of evidence-based medications use over time. The cumulative 3-year incidence of all-cause death was similar across the 3 cohorts (9.0%, 9.0%, and 9.3%, p = 0.74), while cardiovascular death decreased over time (5.7%, 5.1%, and 4.8%, p = 0.03). The adjusted risk for all-cause death and for cardiovascular death progressively decreased from Cohort-1 to Cohort-2 (HR:0.89, 95%CI:0.80 to 0.99, p = 0.03, and HR:0.80, 95%CI:0.70 to 0.92, p = 0.002, respectively), and from Cohort-2 to Cohort-3 (HR:0.86, 95%CI:0.78 to 0.95, p = 0.004, and HR:0.77, 95%CI:0.67-0.89, p < 0.001, respectively). The risks for stroke and repeated coronary revascularization also improved over time. In conclusions, we found a progressive and substantial reduction of adjusted risk for all-cause death, cardiovascular death, stroke, and repeated coronary revascularization over the past two decades in Japan.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/tendências , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Mortalidade/tendências , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/tendências , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade/tendências , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/tendências , Duração da Terapia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Revascularização Miocárdica/tendências , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Diálise Renal , Reoperação , Fumar/epidemiologia , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Trombose/epidemiologia
8.
Anesth Analg ; 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) initiates immune responses involving infiltration of monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) in the injured brain tissue. These MDMs play a key role in perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PNDs). We tested the hypothesis that preanesthetic treatment with dexmedetomidine (DEX) could suppress infiltration of MDMs into the hippocampus of TBI model mice, ameliorating PND. METHODS: We first performed bone marrow transplantation from green fluorescent protein-transgenic mice to C57BL/6 mice to identify MDMs. We used only male mice for homogeneity. Four weeks after transplantation, a controlled cortical impact model of TBI was created using recipient mice. Four weeks after TBI, mice received pretreatment with DEX before general anesthesia (GA). Mice performed the Barnes maze test (8-12 mice/group) 2 weeks after GA and were euthanized for immunohistochemistry (4-5 mice/group) or immunoblotting (7 mice/group) 4 weeks after GA. RESULTS: In Barnes maze tests, TBI model mice showed longer primary latency (mean difference, 76.5 [95% confidence interval, 41.4-111.6], P < .0001 versus Naïve), primary path length (431.2 [98.5-763.9], P = .001 versus Naïve), and more primary errors (5.7 [0.62-10.7], P = .017 versus Naïve) than Naïve mice on experimental day 3. Expression of MDMs in the hippocampus was significantly increased in TBI mice compared to Naïve mice (2.1 [0.6-3.7], P = .003 versus Naïve). Expression of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP1)-positive areas in the hippocampus was significantly increased in TBI mice compared to Naïve mice (0.38 [0.09-0.68], P = .007 versus Naïve). Immunoblotting indicated significantly increased expression of interleukin-1ß in the hippocampus in TBI mice compared to Naïve mice (1.59 [0.08-3.1], P = .035 versus Naïve). In contrast, TBI mice pretreated with DEX were rescued from these changes and showed no significant difference from Naïve mice. Yohimbine, an α2 receptor antagonist, mitigated the effects of DEX (primary latency: 68.3 [36.5-100.1], P < .0001 versus TBI-DEX; primary path length: 414.9 [120.0-709.9], P = .0002 versus DEX; primary errors: 6.6 [2.1-11.2], P = .0005 versus TBI-DEX; expression of MDMs: 2.9 [1.4-4.4], P = .0001 versus TBI-DEX; expression of MCP1: 0.4 [0.05-0.67], P = .017 versus TBI-DEX; expression of interleukin-1ß: 1.8 [0.34-3.35], P = .01 versus TBI-DEX). CONCLUSIONS: Preanesthetic treatment with DEX suppressed infiltration of MDMs in the hippocampus and ameliorated PND in TBI model mice. Preanesthetic treatment with DEX appears to suppress infiltration of MDMs in the hippocampus and may lead to new treatments for PND in patients with a history of TBI.

9.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(13): e020012, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34180244

RESUMO

Background It remains unclear whether beta-blocker use at hospital admission is associated with better in-hospital outcomes in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Methods and Results We evaluated the factors independently associated with beta-blocker use at admission, and the effect of beta-blocker use at admission on in-hospital mortality in 3817 patients with acute decompensated heart failure enrolled in the Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure registry. There were 1512 patients (39.7%) receiving, and 2305 patients (60.3%) not receiving beta-blockers at admission for the index acute decompensated heart failure hospitalization. Factors independently associated with beta-blocker use at admission were previous heart failure hospitalization, history of myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation, cardiomyopathy, and estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min per 1.73 m2. Factors independently associated with no beta-blocker use were asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lower body mass index, dementia, older age, and left ventricular ejection fraction <40%. Patients on beta-blockers had significantly lower in-hospital mortality rates (4.4% versus 7.6%, P<0.001). Even after adjusting for confounders, beta-blocker use at admission remained significantly associated with lower in-hospital mortality risk (odds ratio, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.27-0.60, P<0.001). Furthermore, beta-blocker use at admission was significantly associated with both lower cardiovascular mortality risk and lower noncardiovascular mortality risk. The association of beta-blocker use with lower in-hospital mortality risk was relatively more prominent in patients receiving high dose beta-blockers. The magnitude of the effect of beta-blocker use was greater in patients with previous heart failure hospitalization than in patients without (P for interaction 0.04). Conclusions Beta-blocker use at admission was associated with lower in-hospital mortality in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Registration URL: https://www.upload.umin.ac.jp/; Unique identifier: UMIN000015238.

10.
ESC Heart Fail ; 8(4): 2826-2836, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934541

RESUMO

AIMS: Although the prognostic impact of the high tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient (TRPG) has been investigated, the association of the decrease in TRPG during follow-up with clinical outcomes in heart failure (HF) has not been previously studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of a decrease in TRPG between hospitalization and 6 month visit with subsequent clinical outcomes in patients with acute decompensated HF (ADHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 721 patients with available TRPG data both during hospitalization and a subsequent 6 month visit, the study population was divided into two groups: a decrease in TRPG group (>10 mmHg decrease at 6 month visit) (N = 179) and no decrease in TRPG group (N = 542). The primary outcome measure was a composite of all-cause death or HF hospitalization. The cumulative 6 month incidence of primary outcome measure was significantly lower in the decrease in TRPG group than in the no decrease in TRPG group (12.2% vs. 18.7%, P = 0.02). After adjusting for confounders, there was a significantly lower risk in decrease in TRPG group than in the no decrease in TRPG group for the measured primary outcome (hazard ratio: 0.56, 95% confidence interval 0.32-0.93, P = 0.02). The lower risk in decrease in TRPG group was not different among the basal TRPG values. CONCLUSIONS: Heart failure patients with a decrease in TRPG at 6 months after discharge from ADHF hospitalization had lower subsequent risk of all-cause death and HF hospitalization than those without a decrease in TRPG, regardless of TRPG values.

11.
BMJ Open ; 11(3): e043683, 2021 03 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789850

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in demographics, clinical practices and long-term clinical outcomes of patients with ST segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) before and beyond 2010. DESIGN: Multicentre retrospective cohort study. SETTING: The Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto (CREDO-Kyoto) AMI Registries Wave-1 (2005-2007, 26 centres) and Wave-2 (2011-2013, 22 centres). PARTICIPANTS: 9001 patients with STEMI who underwent coronary revascularisation (Wave-1: 4278 patients, Wave-2: 4723 patients). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was all-cause death at 3 years. The secondary outcomes were cardiovascular death, cardiac death, sudden cardiac death, non-cardiovascular death, non-cardiac death, myocardial infarction, definite stent thrombosis, stroke, hospitalisation for heart failure, major bleeding, target vessel revascularisation, ischaemia-driven target vessel revascularisation, any coronary revascularisation and any ischaemia-driven coronary revascularisation. RESULTS: Patients in Wave-2 were older, more often had comorbidities and more often presented with cardiogenic shock than those in Wave-1. Patients in Wave-2 had shorter onset-to-balloon time and door-to-balloon time, were more frequently implanted drug-eluting stents, and received guideline-directed medication than those in Wave-1. The cumulative 3-year incidence of all-cause death was not significantly different between Wave-1 and Wave-2 (15.5% and 15.7%, p=0.77). The adjusted risk of all-cause death in Wave-2 relative to Wave-1 was not significant at 3 years (HR 0.92, 95% CI 0.83 to 1.03, p=0.14), but lower beyond 30 days (HR 0.86, 95% CI 0.75 to 0.98, p=0.03). The adjusted risks of Wave-2 relative to Wave-1 were significantly lower for definite stent thrombosis (HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.43 to 0.81, p=0.001) and for any coronary revascularisation (HR 0.75, 95% CI 0.69 to 0.81, p<0.001), but higher for major bleeding (HR 1.34, 95% CI 1.20 to 1.51, p=0.005). CONCLUSIONS: We could not demonstrate improvement in 3-year mortality risk from Wave-1 to Wave-2, but we found reduction in mortality risk beyond 30 days. We also found risk reduction for definite stent thrombosis and any coronary revascularisation, but an increase in the risk of major bleeding from Wave-1 to Wave-2.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Estudos de Coortes , Demografia , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Circ J ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data evaluating the effects of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) relative to stable coronary artery disease (CAD) on bleeding risk after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are scarce.Methods and Results:From the CREDO-Kyoto Registry Cohort-3, 13,258 patients undergoing first PCI (5,521 ACS; 7,737 stable CAD) were identified. Patients were further stratified according to ACS presentation and Academic Research Consortium High Bleeding Risk (HBR): ACS/HBR: n=2,502; ACS/no-HBR: n=3,019; stable CAD/HBR: n=3,905; and stable CAD/no-HBR: n=3,832. The primary bleeding endpoint was Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 3/5 bleeding, whereas the primary ischemic endpoint was myocardial infarction (MI)/ischemic stroke. Compared with stable CAD, ACS was associated with a significantly higher adjusted risk for bleeding (hazard ratio [HR] 1.85; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.68-2.03; P<0.0001), with a markedly higher risk within 30 days (HR 4.24; 95% CI 3.56-5.06; P<0.0001). Compared with the stable CAD/no-HBR group, the ACS/HBR, no-ACS/HBR, and ACS/no-HBR groups were associated with significantly higher adjusted risks for bleeding, with HRs of 3.05 (95% CI 2.64-3.54; P<0.0001), 1.89 (95% CI 1.66-2.15; P<0.0001), and 1.69 (95% CI 1.45-1.98; P<0.0001), respectively. There was no excess adjusted risk of the ACS relative to stable CAD group for MI/ischemic stroke (HR 1.07; 95% CI 0.94-1.22; P=0.33). CONCLUSIONS: Bleeding risk after PCI depended on both ACS presentation and HBR, with a significant effect of ACS within 30 days.

13.
BMJ Open ; 11(2): e044329, 2021 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33619198

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patient characteristics and long-term outcomes in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS) in the past two decades. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study. SETTING: The Coronary REvascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto (CREDO-Kyoto) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)/coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) Registry Cohort-2 (2005-2007) and Cohort-3 (2011-2013). PARTICIPANTS: 3254 patients with NSTEACS who underwent first coronary revascularisation. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was all-cause death. The secondary outcomes were cardiovascular death, cardiac death, sudden cardiac death, non-cardiovascular death, non-cardiac death, myocardial infarction, definite stent thrombosis, stroke, hospitalisation for heart failure, major bleeding, any coronary revascularisation and target vessel revascularisation. RESULTS: Patients in Cohort-3 were older and more often had heart failure at admission than those in Cohort-2. The prevalence of PCI, emergency procedure and guideline-directed medical therapy was higher in Cohort-3 than in Cohort-2. In patients who received PCI, the prevalence of transradial approach, drug-eluting stent use and intravascular ultrasound use was higher in Cohort-3 than in Cohort-2. There was no change in 3-year adjusted mortality risk from Cohort-2 to Cohort-3 (HR 1.00, 95% CI 0.83 to 1.22, p=0.97). Patients in Cohort-3 compared with those in Cohort-2 were associated with lower adjusted risks for stroke (HR 0.65, 95% CI 0.46 to 0.92, p=0.02) and any coronary revascularisation (HR 0.76, 95%CI 0.66 to 0.87, p<0.001), but with higher risk for major bleeding (HR 1.25, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.47, p=0.008). The unadjusted risk for definite stent thrombosis was lower in Cohort-3 than in Cohort 2 (HR 0.29, 95% CI 0.11 to 0.67, p=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: In the past two decades, we did not find improvement for mortality in patients with NSTEACS. We observed a reduction in the risks for definite stent thrombosis, stroke and any coronary revascularisation, but an increase in the risk for major bleeding.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Demografia , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 10(3): 335-342, 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580775

RESUMO

AIMS: The association between serum cholinesterase and prognosis in acute heart failure (AHF) remains to be elucidated. We investigated the serum cholinesterase level at discharge from hospitalization for AHF and its association with clinical outcomes in patients with AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 4056 patients enrolled in the Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure multicentre registry, we analysed 2228 patients with available serum cholinesterase data. The study population was classified into three groups according to serum cholinesterase level at discharge: low tertile (<180 U/L, N = 733), middle tertile (≥180 U/L and <240 U/L, N = 746), and high tertile (≥240 U/L, N = 749). Patients in the low tertile had higher tricuspid pressure gradient, greater inferior vena cava diameter, and higher brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels than those in the high tertile. The cumulative 1-year incidence of the primary outcome measure (a composite endpoint of all-cause death and hospitalization for HF) was higher in the low and middle tertiles than in the high tertile [46.5% (low tertile) and 31.4% (middle tertile) vs. 22.1% (high tertile), P < 0.0001]. After adjustment for 26 variables, the excess risk of the low tertile relative to the high tertile for the primary outcome measure remained significant (hazard ratio 1.37, 95% confidence interval 1.10-1.70, P = 0.006). Restricted cubic spline models below the median of cholinesterase demonstrated incrementally higher hazards at low cholinesterase levels. CONCLUSIONS: Low serum cholinesterase levels are associated with congestive findings on echocardiography, higher BNP, and higher risks for a composite of all-cause death and HF hospitalization in patients with AHF.

15.
BMJ Open ; 11(2): e044409, 2021 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The association between sequential changes in left atrial diameter (LAD) and prognosis in heart failure (HF) remains to be elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the link between reduction in LAD and clinical outcomes in patients with HF. DESIGN: A multicentre prospective cohort study. SETTING: This study was nested from the Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure registry including consecutive patients admitted for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) in 19 hospitals throughout Japan. PARTICIPANTS: The current study population included 673 patients with HF who underwent both baseline and 6-month follow-up echocardiography with available paired LAD data. We divided them into two groups: the reduction in the LAD group (change <0 mm) (n=398) and the no-reduction in the LAD group (change ≥0 mm) (n=275). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOMES: The primary outcome measure was a composite of all-cause death or hospitalisation for HF during 180 days after 6-month follow-up echocardiography. The secondary outcome measures were defined as the individual components of the primary composite outcome measure and a composite of cardiovascular death or hospitalisation for HF. RESULTS: The cumulative 180-day incidence of the primary outcome measure was significantly lower in the reduction in the LAD group than in the no-reduction in the LAD group (13.3% vs 22.2%, p=0.002). Even after adjusting 15 confounders, the lower risk of reduction in LAD relative to no-reduction in LAD for the primary outcome measure remained significant (HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.36 to 0.97 p=0.04). CONCLUSION: Patients with reduction in LAD during follow-up after ADHF hospitalisation had a lower risk for a composite endpoint of all-cause death or HF hospitalisation, suggesting that the change of LAD might be a simple and useful echocardiographic marker during follow-up.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Circ J ; 85(3): 323-329, 2021 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518695

RESUMO

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the 84thAnnual Meeting of the Japanese Circulation Society (JCS) was held in a web-based format for the first time in its history as "The Week for JCS 2020" from Monday, July 27 to Sunday, August 2, 2020. All sessions, including general abstracts, were streamed live or on-demand. The main theme of the meeting was "Change Practice!" and the aim was to organize the latest findings in the field of cardiovascular medicine and discuss how to change practice. The total number of registered attendees was over 16,800, far exceeding our expectations, and many of the sessions were viewed by far more people than at conventional face-to-face scientific meetings. At this conference, the power of online information dissemination was fully demonstrated, and the evolution of online academic meetings will be a direction that cannot be reversed in the future. The meeting was completed with great success, and we express our heartfelt gratitude to all affiliates for their enormous amount of work, cooperation, and support.


Assuntos
Cardiologia/organização & administração , Congressos como Assunto/organização & administração , Sociedades Científicas/organização & administração , Telecomunicações/organização & administração , Cardiologia/tendências , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Congressos como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Congressos como Assunto/tendências , Humanos , Japão , Pesquisa , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telecomunicações/estatística & dados numéricos , Telecomunicações/tendências
18.
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 69(6): 934-942, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The association of preoperative RV function with hemodynamics during OPCAB or emergency conversion is not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of vasoactive-inotropic score with tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion and tricuspid regurgitation in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, and to calculate the optimal cut-off value of tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion to predict emergency conversion to cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS: Patients over 20 years of age who had undergone off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting between April 2015 and March 2020 were enrolled in this study. We retrospectively assessed the association of intraoperative maximum "vasoactive-inotropic score", a weighted sum of various inotropes and vasoconstrictors, with tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion and tricuspid regurgitation. A receiver operating characteristic curve of conversion on tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion was also constructed. RESULTS: 135 patients were included in final analysis. Conversion was performed in 10 cases. Multiple regression analysis showed that tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, mild or more tricuspid regurgitation and experienced surgeon were significantly related to vasoactive-inotropic score. The receiver operating characteristic curve to predict conversion by tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion showed an optimal cut-off value of 15.0 mm and area under the curve of 0.808. CONCLUSIONS: Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion and tricuspid regurgitation were associated with vasoactive-inotropic score in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. The optimal cut-off value of tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion to predict emergency conversion was 15 mm.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide , Disfunção Ventricular Direita , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Função Ventricular Direita
19.
Am J Cardiol ; 145: 25-36, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454340

RESUMO

There is a scarcity of data comparing long-term clinical outcomes between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with three-vessel coronary artery disease (3VD) in the new-generation drug-eluting stents era. CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry Cohort-3 enrolled 14927 consecutive patients who had undergone first coronary revascularization with PCI or isolated CABG between January 2011 and December 2013. We identified 2525 patients with 3VD (PCI: n = 1747 [69%], and CABG: n = 778 [31%]). The primary outcome measure was all-cause death. Median follow-up duration was 5.7 (interquartile range: 4.4 to 6.6) years. The cumulative 5-year incidence of all-cause death was significantly higher in the PCI group than in the CABG group (19.8% vs 13.2%, log-rank p = 0.001). After adjusting confounders, the excess risk of PCI relative to CABG for all-cause death remained significant (HR, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.14 to 1.86; p = 0.003), which was mainly driven by the excess risk for non-cardiovascular death (HR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.30 to 2.79; p = 0.001), while there was no excess risk for cardiovascular death between PCI and CABG (HR, 1.19; 95% CI, 0.87 to 1.64; p = 0.29). There was significant excess risk of PCI relative to CABG for myocardial infarction (HR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.19 to 2.69; p = 0.006), whereas there was no excess risk of PCI relative to CABG for stroke (HR, 1.24; 95% CI, 0.83 to 1.88; p = 0.30). In conclusion, in the present study population reflecting real-world clinical practice in Japan, PCI compared with CABG was associated with significantly higher risk for all-cause death, while there was no excess risk for cardiovascular death between PCI and CABG.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos , Mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
20.
Am J Cardiol ; 145: 47-57, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454345

RESUMO

Long-term safety of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is still controversial in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease (ULMCAD), and there is a scarcity of real-world data on the comparative long-term clinical outcomes between PCI and CABG for ULMCAD in new-generation drug-eluting stents era. The CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry Cohort-3 enrolled 14927 consecutive patients undergoing first coronary revascularization with PCI or isolated CABG between January 2011 and December 2013, and we identified 855 patients with ULMCAD (PCI: N = 383 [45%], and CABG: N = 472 [55%]). The primary outcome measure was all-cause death. Median follow-up duration was 5.5 (interquartile range: 3.9 to 6.6) years. The cumulative 5-year incidence of all-cause death was not significantly different between the PCI and CABG groups (21.9% vs 17.6%, Log-rank p = 0.13). After adjusting confounders, the excess risk of PCI relative to CABG remained insignificant for all-cause death (HR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.68 to 1.47; p = 0.99). There were significant excess risks of PCI relative to CABG for myocardial infarction and any coronary revascularization (HR, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.30 to 3.37; p = 0.002, and HR, 2.96; 95% CI, 1.96 to 4.46; p < 0.001), whereas there was no significant excess risk of PCI relative to CABG for stroke (HR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.50 to 1.41; p = 0.52). In conclusion, there was no excess long-term mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG, while the excess risks of PCI relative to CABG were significant for myocardial infarction and any coronary revascularization in the present study population reflecting real-world clinical practice in Japan.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
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