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1.
J Nat Med ; 68(4): 677-85, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24952707

RESUMO

In May 2011, numerous poppy plants closely resembling Papaver bracteatum Lindl., a type of narcotic plant that is illegal in Japan, were distributed directly from several large flower shops or through online shopping throughout Japan, including the Tokyo Metropolitan area. In order to better identify the narcotic plants, the relative nuclear DNA content at the vegetative stage was measured by flow cytometric (FCM) analysis in 3 closely-related species of the genus Papaver section Oxytona, namely P. orientale, P. pseudo-orientale, and P. bracteatum, based on the difference between the chromosome numbers of these species. The results showed that the nuclear DNA content differed between these 3 species, and that most of the commercially distributed plants examined in this study could be identified as P. bracteatum. The remaining plants were P. pseudo-orientale, a non-narcotic plant. In addition, the FCM results for the identification of P. bracteatum completely agreed with the results obtained by the morphological analysis, the inter-genic spacer sequence of rpl16-rpl14 (PS-ID sequence) of chloroplast DNA, and the presence of thebaine. These results clearly indicate the usefulness of FCM analysis for the identification of P. bracteatum plants, including when they are in their vegetative stage.


Assuntos
Citometria de Fluxo , Papaver/classificação , DNA de Cloroplastos/química , Flores/química , Japão , Entorpecentes/análise , Papaver/anatomia & histologia , Papaver/química , Papaver/genética , Tebaína/análise
2.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 75(1): 82-8, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21228484

RESUMO

Membrane proteins in the Golgi apparatus play important roles in biological functions, predominantly as catalysts related to post-translational modification of protein oligosaccharides. We succeeded in extracting the characteristics of Golgi type II membrane proteins computationally by comparison with those of Golgi no retention proteins, which are mainly localized in the plasma membrane. Golgi type II membrane proteins were detected by combining hydropathy alignment and a position-specific score matrix of the amino acid propensities around the transmembrane region. We achieved 96.2% sensitivity, 93.5% specificity, and a 0.949 success rate in a self-consistency test. In a 5-fold cross-validation test, 88.0% sensitivity, 85.5% specificity, and a 0.867 success rate were achieved.


Assuntos
Membrana Celular/química , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Complexo de Golgi/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Animais , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Complexo de Golgi/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Transporte Proteico , Alinhamento de Sequência
3.
J Nat Med ; 65(1): 103-10, 2011 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20890669

RESUMO

Genus Lophophora (Cactaceae) has two species: Lophophora williamsii Coulter, which is called peyote, and L. diffusa Bravo. Although it was reported that L. williamsii contained mescaline and L. diffusa did not, we found L. williamsii specimens that did not contain mescaline. This finding indicated that the two species could not be differentiated in terms of mescaline content. Moreover, the relationship between mescaline content and morphology of the two species is also unknown. In this study, we attempted to clarify the difference in morphology, mescaline content, and DNA alignment of the chloroplast trnL/trnF region between L. williamsii and L. diffusa. As a result, L. williamsii specimens were classified into two groups. Group 1 had small protuberances on the epidermis, contained mescaline, and the analyzed region on the trnL/trnF sequence was 881 base pairs (bp) long in all except one (877 bp). Group 2 had large protuberances on the epidermis, did not contain mescaline, and the analyzed region was 893 bp long. On the other hand, L. diffusa had medium-sized protuberances on the epidermis, did not contain mescaline, and the analyzed region was 903 bp long. Also investigated was the potential application of the PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method as a means of identification based on the trnL/trnF sequence. By applying the PCR-RFLP method, the two species could be distinguished and L. williamsii specimens could be differentiated into group 1 and group 2.


Assuntos
Cactaceae/química , Cactaceae/genética , Mescalina/química , Cactaceae/ultraestrutura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
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