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1.
Aquat Toxicol ; 235: 105822, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823484

RESUMO

Unintentional environmental consequences caused by neonicotinoids reinforce the development of safer alternatives. Sulfoxaflor is considered such an alternative. However, ecological risk of sulfoxaflor remains largely unknown. Here, we investigated the acute and chronic toxicity of sulfoxaflor to a benthic invertebrate, Chironomus kiinensis. Sulfoxaflor showed lower lethality than imidacloprid to midges, with LC50 values of 84.1 (81.5-87.3), 66.3 (34.8-259), and 47.5 (29.5-306) µg/L for 96-h, 10-d, and 23-d exposures, respectively. Conversely, sulfoxaflor significantly inhibited C. kiinensis growth and emergence in chronic exposures when concentrations were above 20 µg/L. Effects on energy production were assessed through in vitro tests using mitochondria isolated from C. kiinensis. Sulfoxaflor disrupted mitochondrial state-3 respiration, meanwhile, adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activity and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production were both inhibited in a dose-dependent manner. The observed mitochondrial dysfunction may be related to the decreased organismal growth and emergence, which could further influence biodiversity. Interestingly, sulfoxaflor uptake in C. kiinensis was detected even after emergence, implying its potential to be transported along food webs and among environmental compartments. This study provides thorough investigations on the toxicity of an emerging neonicotinoid alternative to Chironomidae. Data derived from the current study are useful to inform future ecological risk assessment and benefit problem-solving to the overall agriculture-environment nexus.

2.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 34(3): 184-191, 2021 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766214

RESUMO

Objective: Evidence is lacking regarding the combined effects of smoking and obesity on mortality from coronary heart disease in male veterans. This study aimed to explore the combined effect of smoking and obesity on coronary heart disease mortality in male veterans in China. Methods: A cohort of 1,268 male veterans from 22 veteran centers in Xi'an (Shaanxi Province, China) were followed up once every 2 years from February 1, 1987 to October 30, 2016. The endpoint was death from any cause. The hazard ratio ( HR) of each risk factor and the 95% confidence interval ( CI) were calculated using a multivariate Cox proportional hazard model. Results: The total follow-up was 24394.21 person-years; each subject was followed up for a mean duration of 19.24 years. By the end of the study, of the 1,268 veterans, 889 had died, 363 were alive, and 16 were lost to follow-up. Cox regression analysis results revealed that current smoking ( HR: 1.552, 95% CI: 1.074-2.243), obesity ( HR: 1.625, 95% CI: 1.024-2.581), and the combined effect of the two factors ( HR: 2.828, 95% CI: 1.520-5.262) were associated with coronary heart disease mortality. Conclusion: Our results suggest that obese veterans who smoke might be an important target population for coronary heart disease mortality control.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/mortalidade , Obesidade/complicações , Fumar , Veteranos/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco
3.
Int J Biol Sci ; 17(3): 702-711, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767582

RESUMO

Background: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) are head and neck cancers. On the other hand, ferroptosis is a novel iron-dependent and ROS reliant type of cell death observed various disease conditions. Method: We constructed a prognostic multilncRNA signature based on ferroptosis-related differentially expressed lncRNAs in HNSCC. Results: We identified 25 differently expressed lncRNAs associated with prognosis of HNSCC. Kaplan-Meier analyses revealed the high-risk lncRNAs signature associated with poor prognosis of HNSCC. Moreover, the AUC of the lncRNAs signature was 0.782, underscoring their utility in prediction HNSCC prognosis. Indeed, our risk assessment model was superior to traditional clinicopathological features in predicting HNSCC prognosis. GSEA revealed the immune and tumor-related pathways in the low risk group individuals. Moreover, TCGA revealed T cell functions including cytolytic activity, HLA, regulation of inflammationp, co-stimulation, co-inhibition and coordination of type II INF response were significantly different between the low-risk and high-risk groups. Immune checkpoints such as PDCD-1 (PD-1), CTLA4 and LAG3, were also expressed differently between the two risk groups. Conclusion: A novel ferroptosis-related lncRNAs signature impacts on the prognosis of HNSCC.

4.
Aquat Toxicol ; 233: 105783, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662881

RESUMO

Pesticides occur in the environment as mixtures, yet the joint toxicity of pesticide mixtures remains largely under-explored and is usually overlooked in ecological risk assessment. In the current study, joint toxicity of a neonicotinoid insecticide (imidacloprid, IMI) and a strobilurin fungicide (azoxystrobin, AZO) was investigated with Chironomus dilutus over a wide range of concentrations and at different effect levels (organism, cell, and gene levels). The two pesticides, both individually and in combination, were found to induce oxidative stress and cause lethality in C. dilutus. Median lethal concentrations for IMI and AZO were 3.98 ± 1.17 and 52.9 ± 1.1 µg/L, respectively. Mixtures of the two pesticides presented synergetic effects at environmentally relevant concentrations whilst antagonistic effects at high concentrations, showing concentration-dependent joint toxicity. Investigation on the expressions of 12 genes (cyt b, coi, cox1, cyp4, cyp12m1, cyp9au1, cyp6fv1, cyp315, gst, Zn/Cu-sod, Mn-sod, and cat) revealed that the two pesticides impaired mitochondrial respiration, detoxification, and antioxidant system of C. dilutus, and the joint effects of the two pesticides were likely due to an interplay between their respective influences on these physiological processes. Collectively, the synergistic effects of the two pesticides at environmentally relevant concentrations highlight the importance to incorporate combined toxicity studies into ecological risk assessment of pesticides.


Assuntos
Chironomidae/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Nitrocompostos/toxicidade , Praguicidas/toxicidade , Pirimidinas/toxicidade , Estrobilurinas/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Chironomidae/citologia , Chironomidae/genética , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Dose Letal Mediana , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Modelos Teóricos
5.
Science ; 371(6536): 1374-1378, 2021 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602867

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continually poses serious threats to global public health. The main protease (Mpro) of SARS-CoV-2 plays a central role in viral replication. We designed and synthesized 32 new bicycloproline-containing Mpro inhibitors derived from either boceprevir or telaprevir, both of which are approved antivirals. All compounds inhibited SARS-CoV-2 Mpro activity in vitro, with 50% inhibitory concentration values ranging from 7.6 to 748.5 nM. The cocrystal structure of Mpro in complex with MI-23, one of the most potent compounds, revealed its interaction mode. Two compounds (MI-09 and MI-30) showed excellent antiviral activity in cell-based assays. In a transgenic mouse model of SARS-CoV-2 infection, oral or intraperitoneal treatment with MI-09 or MI-30 significantly reduced lung viral loads and lung lesions. Both also displayed good pharmacokinetic properties and safety in rats.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , /antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteases/farmacologia , Animais , Antivirais/química , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , /virologia , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimiocina CXCL10/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Desenho de Fármacos , Humanos , Interferon beta/metabolismo , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/virologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Oligopeptídeos , Prolina/análogos & derivados , Inibidores de Proteases/química , Inibidores de Proteases/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteases/toxicidade , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Carga Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Replicação Viral
6.
J Hazard Mater ; 413: 125421, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611040

RESUMO

Neonicotinoid insecticides are ubiquitous in surface water worldwide, yet the transportation and transformation of these compounds in aquatic environment remain unclear. In the present study, polar organic chemical integrative sampler with mixed-mode adsorbents (POCIS-MMA) was developed for simultaneously tracing environmental fate of seven neonicotinoids and 10 transformation products (TPs) from a paddy field to receiving waters in Poyang Lake basin, Jiangxi, China. All neonicotinoids (5.20 ± 0.75‒866 ± 143 ng/L) and seven TPs (116 ± 4‒334 ± 78 ng/L) were detected, demonstrating widespread occurrence of these insecticides in aquatic environment. Dinotefuran (up to 802 ± 139 ng/L) and its TP, 1-methyl-3- (tetrahydro-3-furylmethyl) guanidium dihydrogen (DN) (103 ± 4‒320 ± 76 ng/L) were the dominant neonicotinoids and TPs with mean concentrations of 200 ± 296 and 208 ± 58 ng/L, respectively. Spatial attenuation of neonicotinoids stretched downstream along the rivers, while TP concentrations firstly increased (D1‒S6) and then kept constant (S7‒S16) from upstream to downstream. Though paddy field was the main source of neonicotinoids, additional input sources downstream were identified by analyzing the composition of neonicotinoids and their TPs. Our study highlighted the applicability of POCIS-MMA passive sampling to investigate the transportation and transformation of neonicotinoids in agricultural waterways.

7.
PLoS Genet ; 17(2): e1009309, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33539344

RESUMO

Recent advances in consortium-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have highlighted the involvement of common genetic variants in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but our understanding of their etiologic roles, especially the interplay with rare variants, is incomplete. In this work, we introduce an analytical framework to quantify the transmission disequilibrium of genetically regulated gene expression from parents to offspring. We applied this framework to conduct a transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) on 7,805 ASD proband-parent trios, and replicated our findings using 35,740 independent samples. We identified 31 associations at the transcriptome-wide significance level. In particular, we identified POU3F2 (p = 2.1E-7), a transcription factor mainly expressed in developmental brain. Gene targets regulated by POU3F2 showed a 2.7-fold enrichment for known ASD genes (p = 2.0E-5) and a 2.7-fold enrichment for loss-of-function de novo mutations in ASD probands (p = 7.1E-5). These results provide a novel connection between rare and common variants, whereby ASD genes affected by very rare mutations are regulated by an unlinked transcription factor affected by common genetic variations.

8.
Environ Pollut ; 275: 116601, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549891

RESUMO

DNA methylation (DNAm) plays a significant role in deleterious health effects inflicted by fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on the human body. Recent studies have reported that DNAm of imprinted control regions (ICRs) in imprinted genes may be a sensitive biomarker of environmental exposure. Less is known about specific biomarkers of imprinted genes after PM2.5 exposure. The relationship between PM2.5 and its chemical constituents and DNAm of ICRs in imprinted genes after short-term exposure was investigated to determine specific human biomarkers of its adverse health effects. A panel study was carried out in healthy young people in Guangzhou, China. Mixed-effects models were used to evaluate the influence of PM2.5 and its constituent exposure on DNAm while controlling for potential confounders. There was no significant correlation between DNAm and personal PM2.5 exposure mass. DNAm changes in eight ICRs (L3MBTL1, NNAT, PEG10, GNAS Ex1A, MCTS2, SNURF/SNRPN, IGF2R, and RB1) and a non-imprinted gene (CYP1B1) were significantly associated with PM2.5 constituents. Compared to non-imprinted genes, imprinted gene methylation was more susceptible to interference with PM2.5 constituent exposure. Among those genes, L3MBTL1 was the most sensitive to personal PM2.5 constituent exposure. Moreover, transition metals derived from traffic sources (Cd, Fe, Mn, and Ni) significantly influenced DNAm of the imprinted genes, suggesting the importance of more targeted measures to reduce toxic constituents. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that imprinted genes (RB1) may be correlated with pathways and diseases (non-small cell lung cancer, glioma, and bladder cancer). The present study suggests that screening the imprinted gene for DNAm can be used as a sensitive biomarker of PM2.5 exposure. The results will provide data for prevention of PM2.5 exposure and a novel perspective on potential mechanisms on an epigenetic level.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adolescente , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Metilação de DNA , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise , Adulto Jovem
9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(16): 8760-8765, 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33511756

RESUMO

SET domain bifurcated protein 1 (SETDB1) is a histone lysine methyltransferase that promotes the silencing of some tumour suppressor genes and is overexpressed in many cancers. SETDB1 contains a unique tandem tudor domain (TTD) that recognizes histone H3 sequences containing both methylated and acetylated lysines. Beginning with the identification of a hit compound (Cpd1), we discovered the first potent and selective small molecule SETDB1-TTD inhibitor (R,R)-59 through stepwise structure-guided optimization. (R,R)-59 showed a KD value of 0.088±0.045 µM in the ITC assay. The high potency of (R,R)-59 was well explained by the cocrystal structure of the (R,R)-59-TTD complex. (R,R)-59 is an endogenous binder competitive inhibitor. Evidence has also demonstrated its cellular target engagement. Interestingly, the enantiomer (S,S)-59 did not show activity in all the assays, highlighting the potential of (R,R)-59 as a tool compound in exploring the biological functions of SETDB1-TTD.

10.
New Phytol ; 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33469925

RESUMO

The patterning of adaxial-abaxial tissues plays a vital role in the morphology of lateral organs, which is maintained by antagonism between the genes that specify adaxial and abaxial tissue identity. The homeo-domain leucine zipper class III (HD-ZIP III) family genes regulate adaxial identity; however, little information is known about the physical interactions or transcriptionally regulated downstream genes of HD-ZIP III. In this study, we identified a dominant rice mutant, lateral floret 1 (lf1), which has defects in lateral organ polarity. LF1 encodes the HD-ZIP III transcription factor, which expressed in the adaxial area of lateral organs. LF1 can activate directly the expression of LITTLE ZIPPER family gene OsZPR4 and HD-ZIP II family gene OsHOX1, and OsZPR4 and OsHOX1 respectively interact with LF1 to form a heterodimer to repress the transcriptional activity of LF1. LF1 influences indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) content by directly regulating the expression of OsYUCCA6. Therefore, LF1 forms negative feedback loops between OsZPR4 and OsHOX1 to affect IAA content, leading to the regulation of lateral organs polarity development. These results reveal the cross-talk among HD-ZIP III, LITTLE ZIPPER, and HD-ZIP II proteins and provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying the polarity development of lateral organs.

11.
Anesth Analg ; 132(3): 866-877, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists typically care for patients having a broad range of procedures. Outcomes might be improved when care is provided by caregivers experienced in particular types of surgery. We tested the hypothesis that intraoperative care provided by pairs of anesthesia caregivers having significant experience with a particular type of surgery reduces a composite of in-hospital death and 6 serious complications, including bleeding, cardiac, gastrointestinal, infectious, respiratory, and urinary complications, compared to care provided by pairs of anesthesia caregivers with less experience. METHODS: We included patients having surgery lasting at least 30 minutes. Using cluster analysis, attending anesthesiologists, and Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) were identified as experienced or inexperienced caregivers for each type of surgery at the case level. We then compared surgeries for which anesthesia was provided by a pair of experienced caregivers versus a pair of inexperienced caregivers on our composite outcome. We estimated the average relative effect (ie, the exponentiated average log odds ratio) of receiving anesthesia from an experienced versus inexperienced caregiver pair across the 7 components of the composite outcome using a generalized estimating equation (GEE) model to adjust for between-component correlation and with inverse propensity score weighing to adjust for potential confounding from a host of variables. RESULTS: A total of 8968 patients who received anesthesia care by an experienced pair were compared with 25,361 patients who received care from an inexperienced pair, adjusting for potential confounding. The incidence of composite complications (ie, any component event) was 7.6% (677/8968) for experienced pairs and 12% (2976/25,361) for inexperienced pairs (P < .001). Care by experienced pairs of caregivers was associated with lower odds of the composite outcome with an estimated average relative effect odds ratio across the individual components of 0.61 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.54-0.71), P < .001. Among the 7 components of the primary outcome, experienced pairs of providers had significantly lower estimated odds of bleeding, infection, and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Anesthesia care by experienced pairs was associated with fewer bleeding complications, fewer infections, shorter hospitalization, and reduced in-hospital mortality.


Assuntos
Anestesiologistas , Competência Clínica , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Especialização , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Tempo de Internação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(1): 458-467, 2021 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332108

RESUMO

Species sensitivity to neonicotinoids has been shown to be highly variable among aquatic invertebrates. Toxicokinetic and toxicodynamic (TKTD) models were constructed to mechanistically elucidate the susceptibility of Daphnia magna to imidacloprid. D. magna was highly tolerant to single short-term exposure to imidacloprid (96-h LC50 of 8.47 µg/mL), but delayed and carry-over toxicity occurred under repeated pulse exposures. Kinetic distribution of imidacloprid between exoskeleton and soft tissues of D. magna was evaluated using a newly developed method. Approximately 84% imidacloprid was distributed to soft tissues but was rapidly depurated from the tissue (t1/2 of 1.2 h), resulting in low bioaccumulation and high tolerance. TKTD modeling also successfully simulated the survival of D. magna after pulsed exposures. The calculated recovery time was 45 d, indicating significant delayed and carry-over toxicity of the insecticide. While complete elimination of imidacloprid only took about 5 h (TK), slow damage recovery (45 d) caused slow organism recovery (TD). Consequently, although D. magna was tolerant to imidacloprid due to fast depuration from soft tissue, long damage recovery time significantly enhanced the toxicity under repeated pulse exposures. Our study highlights the necessity of integrating delayed and carry-over toxicity quantification in assessing the risk of neonicotinoids to aquatic invertebrates.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Daphnia , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Nitrocompostos , Toxicocinética , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
13.
Eur J Med Chem ; 209: 112842, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065375

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a new type of programmed cell death discovered recently and has been demonstrated to be involved in a number of human diseases such as ischemic stroke. Ferroptosis inhibitors are expected to have potential to treat these diseases. Herein, we report the identification of promethazine derivatives as a new type of ferroptosis inhibitors. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) analyses led to the discovery of the most potent compound 2-(1-(4-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)phenyl)ethyl)-10H-phenothiazine (51), which showed an EC50 (half maximal effective concentration) value of 0.0005 µM in the erastin-induced HT1080 cell ferroptosis model. In the MCAO (middle cerebral artery occlusion) ischemic stroke model, 51 presented an excellent therapeutic effect. This compound also displayed favorable pharmacokinetic properties, in particular, a good ability to permeate the blood-brain barrier. Overall, 51 could be a promising lead compound for the treatment of ferroptosis related diseases and deserves further investigations.

14.
J Oncol ; 2020: 8841622, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082784

RESUMO

Objective: Breast cancer (BC) affects women all over the world. This study aimed at screening out potential biomarkers through performing an in-depth analysis of data from the previous research and database. Design: This study made full use of RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data from cancer genomic maps (TCGA) and screened key genes related to stemness by merging WGCNA with BC mRNAsi. Results: The related mRNAsi data were downloaded, and the transcriptional levels of mRNAsi in cancers contrasted with normal samples. The results showed that there was a significantly higher mRNAsi expression in BC tissues (P=1.791e - 43). Seven modules were obtained following the investigation through cluster analysis. The turquoise module showed a relatively high positive correlation with mRNAsi at 0.79; this module was chosen as the most interesting and was used for subsequent analysis. By setting related cutoffs, 38 key genes were screened, and the coexpression of these genes was explored next. The results showed that the lowest correlation was between CDC20 and KIF11 (0.54), and the highest connection was between BUB1 and CKAP2L (0.86). Furthermore, ten hub genes with the most nodes were sorted using a histogram. Using other databases to explore the prognosis value of key genes, the results showed that lower expression of key genes was significantly connected with longer overall survival (OS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and relapse-free survival (RFS). The immune infiltration relationship between hub genes and six kinds of basic immune cells was investigated; it was revealed that partial ones were positively or negatively related. Conclusion: This study is the first to show the important role of stemness-related genes in the prognosis of BC. However, future clinical trials are needed to confirm these results and promote the application of these key genes in prognosis evaluation.

15.
Int J Speech Lang Pathol ; : 1-9, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059483

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The writing of Chinese is non-alphabetic, but children in China learn Pinyin, a Romanised alphabetic system, to facilitate literacy development. This research investigates how Mandarin phonological awareness (PA) develops, and how it interacts with Pinyin in school-aged Mandarin-speaking children in China. METHOD: In Beijing, 182 students in grades two through four (ages ranged between 91 and 135 months) were tested for PA (syllable manipulation and onset-rime oddity tasks) and Pinyin knowledge (Pinyin symbol naming and syllable reading tasks). ANOVAs were used to examine their developmental trajectories. Partial correlations and linear regressions were used to examine the relationships between PA and Pinyin knowledge. RESULT: Syllable awareness has already reached the ceiling level by grade two, while onset-rime awareness is still developing across grades. The ability to name Pinyin symbols decreases over time, while the ability to read syllables written in Pinyin stays invariant across grades. PA and Pinyin knowledge are significantly correlated, and the results of linear regression indicated that the relationship between PA and Pinyin syllable reading is bi-directional. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that Mandarin PA development shows features characteristic of a non-alphabetic language with Pinyin knowledge playing a crucial role. Implications for theory and practice of Mandarin-speaking children's literacy development are discussed.

16.
Cell Transplant ; 29: 963689720962479, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990024

RESUMO

Secreted frizzled-related proteins (SFRPs) are a group of five secreted glycoproteins-SFRP1, SFRP2, SFRP3 (frizzled related protein, FRZB), SFRP4, and SFRP5-which contain a frizzled-related cysteine-rich domain and a netrin module. We analyzed SFRPs' expression levels, mutations, regulation, functional networks, and correlation with immune infiltration in breast cancer (BC) patients using data from multiple open databases. SFRP1/3/4/5 were downregulated and SFRP2 was upregulated in BC patients compared to healthy controls. Furthermore, higher levels of SFRP1/3/4 were significantly associated with favorable prognosis. In addition, the prognostic significance of the infiltrating B cells was correlated to the SFRPs. Based on these findings, we hypothesize that SFRPs play a synergistic role in BC progression, and are, therefore, promising prognostic biomarkers as well as therapeutic targets.

17.
Microbiol Resour Announc ; 9(39)2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972939

RESUMO

We report the draft genome sequence of Tepidicella baoligensis strain B18-50T, isolated from a high-temperature oil well in Baolige Oilfield, China. The estimated genome is 2.87 Mb, with 2,653 protein-coding sequences.

18.
Gynecol Oncol ; 159(2): 365-372, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933759

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: High-dose-rate (HDR) afterloading brachytherapy using Iridium-192 source involves large radiation activity varieties due to fast decay. It was unknown but clinically desirable to evaluate its impacts on patient outcomes to support more informed decisions. METHODS: Data of 510 cervical carcinoma (CC) patients were retrospectively included. High-radioactive (HR) and low-radioactive (LR) groups were statistically defined per patient-specific average mean-dose-rate (MDR) of all fractions. The cutoffs were calculated using R-3.6.1 packages based on significance of correlation with binary outcome or survival time. Categorized 1-month and 3-month follow-up results were analyzed as short-term outcomes. Long-term outcomes were evaluated using local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) and metastatic recurrence-free survival (MRFS). Propensity-score-matched (PSM) pairs were generated to reduce bias. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 47.1 months (interquartile range: 33.9 months-66.4 months), involving MDR varieties of up to 9 folds ranging from 6059.99 cGy/h to 54013.66 cGy/h due to 17 source replacements at intervals ranging from 93 days-199 days. Both short-term (1-month: p = 0.22; 3-month: p = 0.79) and long-term (LRFS: p = 0.10; MRFS: p = 0.46) outcomes showed no significant difference between HR and LR. Subgroup analysis displayed significantly better results in LR for stage I-II (3-month, p = 0.02) and stage II (LRFS, p = 0.04) patients. Both LRFS and MRFS of LR were significantly non-inferior to HR (p ≤ 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: LR is clinically non-inferior or partially superior to HR for CC treatment using HDR, which dispels concerns of potentially undermined patient outcomes when source replacement is delayed.

19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(14): 3414-3421, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726057

RESUMO

Soil microorganisms are one of the important biological indictors of soil quality and can reflct the comprehensive ecological environment characteristics of the soil. The research of soil microbial diversity is the key to know the ecological functions and balance with soil. In this paper, high-throughput sequencing on PCR-amplified 16 S rRNA gene V3-V4 fragments was used to determine the bacterial diversity in rhizosphere soil of A. macrocephala under the treatment with BZJN1 or streptoprofen. The results showed that there were no significant differences of the bacteria in A. macrocephala rhizosphere soil of the streptoprofen treatment group and the biocontrol BZJN1 treatment group. All the soil bacteria was classified into 25 categories,67 classes, 108 orders, 167 families and 271 generas, except some unidentified bacteria. Proteobacteria(30.7%-34.8%) was the dominant phylum, of which Alphaproteobacteria(16.8%-18.5%) was the dominant subgroup. Compared with the control group, the relative abundance of multiple phylums bacteria in the rhizosphere soil of A. macrocephala was significantly changed in the streptoprofen treatment group and the biocontrol BZJN1 treatment group. In addition, RDA analysis showed that there was connection with different environmental factors and microbial communities. The abundance of the three genera in the rhizosphere soil of A. macrocephala was significantly positively correlated with Invertase, Urease and AP. PICRUSt function prediction results showed that BZNJ1 could enhance some bacterial functions and promote the plant growth. Biocontrol is a new type of green and safety control pest method. BZNJ1 significantly enhances some bacterial functions on the basis of effectively preventing root rot of A. macrocephala and promoting plant growth, and has no significant effect on the soil bacterial community structure. All the results can provide theoretical support for popularization of BZNJ1.


Assuntos
Atractylodes , Rizosfera , Bactérias , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo
20.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(6): 578-582, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32571455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features of asymptomatic or subclinical coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 53 children who were confirmed with asymptomatic or subclinical COVID-19, including epidemiological history, clinical typing, co-infection, time to clearance of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleic acid in nasopharyngeal swabs, laboratory examination results, length of hospital stay, and treatment outcome. RESULTS: The children with asymptomatic or subclinical COVID-19 accounted for 30.5% (53/174) in children with COVID-19 hospitalized in the COVID-19 ward of Wuhan Children's Hospital. All cases occurred with familial aggregation. Among the 53 children, 35 (66%) had asymptomatic infection and 18 (34%) had subclinical infection. Mycoplasma infection was found in 17 children (32%). For the 53 children, the mean time to clearance of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid in nasopharyngeal swabs was 9±4 days. Most laboratory markers were maintained within the normal range. The mean hospital stay was 11±4 days. Lung CT of 18 children with subclinical COVID-19 showed ground-glass opacities, linear opacities, and patchy opacities, with relatively limited lesions. CONCLUSIONS: There is a high proportion of children with asymptomatic or subclinical COVID-19 among the children with COVID-19 hospitalized in the COVID-19 ward. The transmission risk of asymptomatic or subclinical COVID-19 should be taken seriously.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
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