Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 19 de 19
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
BMJ Open ; 9(9): e030689, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488492

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is characterised by increased and disorganised bone remodelling affecting one or more skeletal sites. Complications include bone pain, deformity, deafness and pathological fractures. Mutations in sequestosome-1 (SQSTM1) are strongly associated with the development of PDB. Bisphosphonate therapy can improve bone pain in PDB, but there is no evidence that treatment alters the natural history of PDB or prevents complications. The Zoledronate in the Prevention of Paget's disease trial (ZiPP) will determine if prophylactic therapy with the bisphosphonate zoledronic acid (ZA) can delay or prevent the development of PDB in people who carry SQSTM1 mutations. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: People with a family history of PDB aged >30 years who test positive for SQSTM1 mutations are eligible to take part. At the baseline visit, participants will be screened for the presence of bone lesions by radionuclide bone scan. Biochemical markers of bone turnover will be measured and questionnaires completed to assess pain, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), anxiety and depression. Participants will be randomised to receive a single intravenous infusion of 5 mg ZA or placebo and followed up annually for between 4 and 8 years at which point baseline assessments will be repeated. The primary endpoint will be new bone lesions assessed by radionuclide bone scan. Secondary endpoints will include changes in biochemical markers of bone turnover, pain, HRQoL, anxiety, depression and PDB-related skeletal events. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study was approved by the Fife and Forth Valley Research Ethics Committee on 22 December 2008 (08/S0501/84). Following completion of the trial, a manuscript will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal. The results of this trial will inform clinical practice by determining if early intervention with ZA in presymptomatic individuals with SQSTM1 mutations can prevent or slow the development of bone lesions with an adverse event profile that is acceptable. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN11616770.

2.
J Appl Physiol (1985) ; 127(5): 1478-1490, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31343948

RESUMO

Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is characterized by recurrent transient peripheral vasospasm and lower nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability in the cold. We investigated the effect of nitrate-rich beetroot juice (BJ) supplementation on 1) NO-mediated vasodilation, 2) cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) and skin temperature (Tsk) following local cooling, and 3) systemic anti-inflammatory status. Following baseline testing, 23 individuals with RP attended four times, in a double-blind, randomized crossover design, following acute and chronic (14 days) BJ and nitrate-depleted beetroot juice (NDBJ) supplementation. Peripheral Tsk and CVC were measured during and after mild hand and foot cooling, and during transdermal delivery of acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside. Markers of anti-inflammatory status were also measured. Plasma nitrite concentration ([nitrite]) was increased in the BJ conditions (P < 0.001). Compared with the baseline visit, thumb CVC was greater following chronic-BJ (Δ2.0 flux/mmHg, P = 0.02) and chronic-NDBJ (Δ1.45 flux/mmHg, P = 0.01) supplementation; however, no changes in Tsk were observed (P > 0.05). Plasma [interleukin-10] was greater, pan endothelin and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) were reduced, and forearm endothelial function was improved, by both BJ and NDBJ supplementation (P < 0.05). Acute and chronic BJ and NDBJ supplementation improved anti-inflammatory status, endothelial function and blood pressure (BP). CVC following cooling increased post chronic-BJ and chronic-NDBJ supplementation, but no effect on Tsk was observed. The key findings are that beetroot supplementation improves thumb blood flow, improves endothelial function and anti-inflammatory status, and reduces BP in people with Raynaud's.NEW & NOTEWORTHY This is the first study to examine the effect of dietary nitrate supplementation in individuals with Raynaud's phenomenon. The principal novel findings from this study were that both beetroot juice and nitrate-depleted beetroot juice 1) increased blood flow in the thumb following a cold challenge; 2) enhanced endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilation in the forearm; 3) reduced systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and pan-endothelin concentration; and 4) improved inflammatory status in comparison to baseline.

3.
RMD Open ; 5(1): e000885, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31168409

RESUMO

Objectives: To report on fatigue in patients from the United Kingdom primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) registry identifying factors associated with fatigue and robust to assignable causes such as comorbidities and medications associated with drowsiness. Methods: From our cohort (n = 608), we identified those with comorbidities associated with fatigue, and those taking medications associated with drowsiness. We constructed dummy variables, permitting the contribution of these potentially assignable causes of fatigue to be assessed. Using multiple regression analysis, we modelled the relationship between Profile of Fatigue and Discomfort physical and mental fatigue scores and potentially related variables. Results: Pain, depression and daytime sleepiness scores were closely associated with both physical and mental fatigue (all p ≤ 0.0001). In addition, dryness was strongly associated with physical fatigue (p ≤ 0.0001). These effects were observed even after adjustment for comorbidities associated with fatigue or medications associated with drowsiness. Conclusions: These findings support further research and clinical interventions targeting pain, dryness, depression and sleep to improve fatigue in patients with pSS.This finding is robust to both the effect of other comorbidities associated with fatigue and medications associated with drowsiness.

4.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 148: w14588, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29442344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the use of the Clinical EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ClinESSDAI), a version of the ESSDAI without the biological domain, for assessing potential eligibility and outcomes for clinical trials in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), according to the new ACR-EULAR classification criteria, from the UK Primary Sjögren's Syndrome Registry (UKPSSR). METHODS: A total of 665 patients from the UKPSSR cohort were analysed at their time of inclusion in the registry. ESSDAI and ClinESSDAI were calculated for each patient. RESULTS: For different disease activity index cut-off values, more potentially eligible participants were found when ClinESSDAI was used than with ESSDAI. The distribution of patients according to defined disease activity levels did not differ statistically (chi2 p = 0.57) between ESSDAI and ClinESSDAI for moderate disease activity (score ≥5 and <14; ESSDAI 36.4%; ClinESSDA 36.5%) or high disease activity (score ≥14; ESSDAI 5.4%; ClinESSDAI 6.8%). We did not find significant differences between the indexes in terms of activity levels for individual domains, with the exception of the articular domain. We found a good level of agreement between both indexes, and a positive correlation between lymphadenopathy and glandular domains with the use of either index and with different cut-off values. With the use of ClinESSDAI, the minimal clinically important improvement value was more often achievable with a one grade improvement of a single domain than with ESSDAI. We observed similar results when using the new ACR-EULAR classification criteria or the previously used American-European Consensus Group (AECG) classification criteria for pSS. CONCLUSIONS: In the UKPSSR population, the use of ClinESSDAI instead of ESSDAI did not lead to significant changes in score distribution, potential eligibility or outcome measurement in trials, or in routine care when immunological tests are not available. These results need to be confirmed in other cohorts and with longitudinal data.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Sistema de Registros , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Reino Unido
8.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 69(11): 1714-1723, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27992710

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a novel method for capturing the discrepancy between objective tests and subjective dryness symptoms (a sensitivity scale) and to explore predictors of dryness sensitivity. METHODS: Archive data from the UK Primary Sjögren's Syndrome Registry (n = 688) were used. Patients were classified on a scale from -5 (stoical) to +5 (sensitive) depending on the degree of discrepancy between their objective and subjective symptoms classes. Sensitivity scores were correlated with demographic variables, disease-related factors, and symptoms of pain, fatigue, anxiety, and depression. RESULTS: Patients were on average relatively stoical for both types of dryness symptoms (mean ± SD ocular dryness -0.42 ± 2.2 and -1.24 ± 1.6 oral dryness). Twenty-seven percent of patients were classified as sensitive to ocular dryness and 9% to oral dryness. Hierarchical regression analyses identified the strongest predictor of ocular dryness sensitivity to be self-reported pain and that of oral dryness sensitivity to be self-reported fatigue. CONCLUSION: Ocular and oral dryness sensitivity can be classified on a continuous scale. The 2 symptom types are predicted by different variables. A large number of factors remain to be explored that may impact symptom sensitivity in primary Sjögren's syndrome, and the proposed method could be used to identify relatively sensitive and stoical patients for future studies.


Assuntos
Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Xeroftalmia/diagnóstico , Xerostomia/diagnóstico , Idoso , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/diagnóstico , Dor/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Xeroftalmia/epidemiologia , Xerostomia/epidemiologia
9.
Rheumatol Int ; 37(4): 623-631, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28013357

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to evaluate the levels of physical activity in individuals with primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS) and its relationship to the clinical features of PSS. To this cross-sectional study, self-reported levels of physical activity from 273 PSS patients were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-short form (IPAQ-SF) and were compared with healthy controls matched for age, sex and body mass index. Fatigue and other clinical aspects of PSS including disease status, dryness, daytime sleepiness, dysautonomia, anxiety and depression were assessed using validated tools. Individuals with PSS had significantly reduced levels of physical activity [median (interquartile range, IQR) 1572 (594-3158) versus 3708 (1732-8255) metabolic equivalent of task (MET) × min/week, p < 0.001], but similar levels of sedentary activity [median (IQR) min 300 (135-375) versus 343 (223-433) (MET) × min/week, p = 0.532] compared to healthy individuals. Differences in physical activity between PSS and controls increased at moderate [median (IQR) 0 (0-480) versus 1560 (570-3900) MET × min/week, p < 0.001] and vigorous intensities [median (IQR) 0 (0-480) versus 480 (0-1920) MET × min/week, p < 0.001]. Correlation analysis revealed a significant association between physical activity and fatigue, orthostatic intolerance, depressive symptoms and quality of life. Sedentary activity did not correlate with fatigue. Stepwise linear regression analysis identified symptoms of depression and daytime sleepiness as independent predictors of levels of physical activity. Physical activity is reduced in people with PSS and is associated with symptoms of depression and daytime sleepiness. Sedentary activity is not increased in PSS. Clinical care teams should explore the clinical utility of targeting low levels of physical activity in PSS.


Assuntos
Exercício/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Comportamento Sedentário , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
RMD Open ; 2(2): e000282, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27493792

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This article reports relationships between serum cytokine levels and patient-reported levels of fatigue, in the chronic immunological condition primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: Blood levels of 24 cytokines were measured in 159 patients with pSS from the United Kingdom Primary Sjögren's Syndrome Registry and 28 healthy non-fatigued controls. Differences between cytokines in cases and controls were evaluated using Wilcoxon test. Patient-reported scores for fatigue were evaluated, classified according to severity and compared with cytokine levels using analysis of variance. Logistic regression was used to determine the most important predictors of fatigue levels. RESULTS: 14 cytokines were significantly higher in patients with pSS (n=159) compared to non-fatigued healthy controls (n=28). While serum levels were elevated in patients with pSS compared to healthy controls, unexpectedly, the levels of 4 proinflammatory cytokines-interferon-γ-induced protein-10 (IP-10) (p=0.019), tumour necrosis factor-α (p=0.046), lymphotoxin-α (p=0.034) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) (p=0.022)-were inversely related to patient-reported levels of fatigue. A regression model predicting fatigue levels in pSS based on cytokine levels, disease-specific and clinical parameters, as well as anxiety, pain and depression, revealed IP-10, IFN-γ (both inversely), pain and depression (both positively) as the most important predictors of fatigue. This model correctly predicts fatigue levels with reasonable (67%) accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: Cytokines, pain and depression appear to be the most powerful predictors of fatigue in pSS. Our data challenge the notion that proinflammatory cytokines directly mediate fatigue in chronic immunological conditions. Instead, we hypothesise that mechanisms regulating inflammatory responses may be important.

11.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 55(3): 544-52, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26510429

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify numbers of participants in the UK Primary Sjögren's Syndrome Registry (UKPSSR) who would fulfil eligibility criteria for previous/current or potential clinical trials in primary SS (pSS) in order to optimize recruitment. METHODS: We did a retrospective analysis of UKPSSR cohort data of 688 participants who had pSS with evaluable data. RESULTS: In relation to previous/current trials, 75.2% fulfilled eligibility for the Belimumab in Subjects with Primary Sjögren's Syndrome study (Belimumab), 41.4% fulfilled eligibility for the Trial of Remicade in primary Sjögren's syndrome study (Infliximab), 35.4% for the Efficacy of Tocilizumab in Primary Sjögren's Syndrome study (Tocilizumab), 31.6% for the Tolerance and Efficacy of Rituximab in Sjögren's Disease study (Rituximab), 26.9% for the Trial of anti-B-cell therapy in pSS study (Rituximab) and 26.6% for the Efficacy and Safety of Abatacept in Patients With Primary Sjögren's Syndrome study (Abatacept). If recent measures of outcome, such as the EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Patient Reported Index (ESSPRI) score ⩾5 (measure of patient symptoms) and the EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI) score ⩾5 (measure of systemic disease activity) are incorporated into a study design, with requirements for an unstimulated salivary flow >0 and anti-Ro positivity, then the pool of eligible participants is reduced to 14.3%. CONCLUSION: The UKPSSR identified a number of options for trial design, including selection on ESSDAI ⩾5, ESSPRI ⩾5 and serological and other parameters.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/administração & dosagem , Seleção de Pacientes , Sistema de Registros , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sjogren/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Reino Unido
12.
PLoS One ; 10(12): e0143970, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26694930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a debilitating condition with a significant impact on patients' quality of life. Fatigue is frequently reported by patients suffering from primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS), a chronic autoimmune condition characterised by dryness of the eyes and the mouth. However, although fatigue is common in pSS, it does not manifest in all sufferers, providing an excellent model with which to explore the potential underpinning biological mechanisms. METHODS: Whole blood samples from 133 fully-phenotyped pSS patients stratified for the presence of fatigue, collected by the UK primary Sjögren's Syndrome Registry, were used for whole genome microarray. The resulting data were analysed both on a gene by gene basis and using pre-defined groups of genes. Finally, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used as a feature selection technique for input into a support vector machine (SVM) classifier. Classification was assessed using area under curve (AUC) of receiver operator characteristic and standard error of Wilcoxon statistic, SE(W). RESULTS: Although no genes were individually found to be associated with fatigue, 19 metabolic pathways were enriched in the high fatigue patient group using GSEA. Analysis revealed that these enrichments arose from the presence of a subset of 55 genes. A radial kernel SVM classifier with this subset of genes as input displayed significantly improved performance over classifiers using all pathway genes as input. The classifiers had AUCs of 0.866 (SE(W) 0.002) and 0.525 (SE(W) 0.006), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Systematic analysis of gene expression data from pSS patients discordant for fatigue identified 55 genes which are predictive of fatigue level using SVM classification. This list represents the first step in understanding the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of fatigue in patients with pSS.


Assuntos
Fadiga/genética , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos/métodos , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Transcriptoma , Adulto , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Fadiga/sangue , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Síndrome de Sjogren/sangue
13.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 54(4): 655-9, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25240612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study sets out to investigate the relationship between health status [EuroQol five-dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D)] in primary SS and three of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) SS outcome measures-the disease activity index (ESSDAI), the patient reported index (ESSPRI) and the sicca score. In particular, the goal was to establish whether there is a relationship between the EULAR outcome measures and quality of life. METHODS: Health status was evaluated using a standardized measure developed by the EuroQol Group-the EQ5D. This permits calculation of two measures of health status: time trade-off (TTO) values and the EQ-5D visual analogue scale (VAS) scores. We used Spearman's rank correlation analysis to investigate the strength of association between health status and three EULAR measures of physician- and patient-reported disease activity in 639 patients from the UK primary SS registry (UKPSSR) cohort. RESULTS: This study demonstrates that the EULAR SS disease-specific outcome measures are significantly correlated with health outcome values (P < 0.001). Higher scores on the ESSDAI, EULAR sicca score and ESSPRI are associated with poorer health states-i.e. lower TTO values and lower VAS scores. While all three are significantly correlated with TTO values and EQ-5D VAS scores, the effect is strongest for the ESSPRI. CONCLUSION: This study provides further evidence supporting the use of ESSDAI, EULAR sicca score and ESSPRI measures in the clinic. We also discuss the need for disease-specific measures of health status and their comparison with standardized health outcome measures.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia
14.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 73(7): 1362-8, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23761688

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: EuroQoL-5 dimension (EQ-5D) is a standardised preference-based tool for measurement of health-related quality of life and EQ-5D utility values can be converted to quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) to aid cost-utility analysis. This study aimed to evaluate the EQ-5D utility values of 639 patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS) in the UK. METHODS: Prospective data collected using a standardised pro forma were compared with UK normative data. Relationships between utility values and the clinical and laboratory features of PSS were explored. RESULTS: The proportion of patients with PSS reporting any problem in mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression were 42.2%, 16.7%, 56.6%, 80.6% and 49.4%, respectively, compared with 5.4%, 1.6%, 7.9%, 30.2% and 15.7% for the UK general population. The median EQ-5D utility value was 0.691 (IQR 0.587-0.796, range -0.239 to 1.000) with a bimodal distribution. Bivariate correlation analysis revealed significant correlations between EQ-5D utility values and many clinical features of PSS, but most strongly with pain, depression and fatigue (R values>0.5). After adjusting for age and sex differences, multiple regression analysis identified pain and depression as the two most important predictors of EQ-5D utility values, accounting for 48% of the variability. Anxiety, fatigue and body mass index were other statistically significant predictors, but they accounted for <5% in variability. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report on the EQ-5D utility values of patients with PSS. These patients have significantly impaired utility values compared with the UK general population. EQ-5D utility values are significantly related to pain and depression scores in PSS.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Nível de Saúde , Dor/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Estudos de Coortes , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Fadiga/etiologia , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Fadiga/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Limitação da Mobilidade , Análise Multivariada , Dor/etiologia , Dor/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido
15.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 71(12): 1973-9, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22562982

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of autonomic dysfunction (dysautonomia) among patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS) and the relationships between dysautonomia and other clinical features of PSS. METHODS: Multicentre, prospective, cross-sectional study of a UK cohort of 317 patients with clinically well-characterised PSS. Symptoms of autonomic dysfunction were assessed using a validated instrument, the Composite Autonomic Symptom Scale (COMPASS). The data were compared with an age- and sex-matched cohort of 317 community controls. The relationships between symptoms of dysautonomia and various clinical features of PSS were analysed using regression analysis. RESULTS: COMPASS scores were significantly higher in patients with PSS than in age- and sex-matched community controls (median (IQR) 35.5 (20.9-46.0) vs 14.8 (4.4-30.2), p<0.0001). Nearly 55% of patients (vs 20% of community controls, p<0.0001) had a COMPASS score >32.5, a cut-off value indicative of autonomic dysfunction. Furthermore, the COMPASS total score correlated independently with EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Patient Reported Index (a composite measure of the overall burden of symptoms experienced by patients with PSS) (ß=0.38, p<0.001) and disease activity measured using the EULAR Sjögren's Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ß=0.13, p<0.009). CONCLUSIONS: Autonomic symptoms are common among patients with PSS and may contribute to the overall burden of symptoms and link with systemic disease activity.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/epidemiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Síndrome de Sjogren/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Regressão , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
16.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 14(1): R30, 2012 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22314025

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: At present, there is no reliable tool for predicting disease outcome in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We previously demonstrated an association between specific baseline biomarkers/clinical measures including matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) and 2-year radiographic progression in patients with RA. This study further evaluates the predictive capability of these baseline variables with outcome extended over 8-years. METHODS: Fifty-eight of the original cohort (n = 118) had radiographic progression from baseline to mean 8.2-years determined using the van der Heijde modified Sharp method. The contribution of each predictor variable towards radiographic progression was assessed with univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Traditional factors (including erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP), and rheumatoid factor) and biomarkers of tissue destruction (including MMP-3, C-telopeptide of type II collagen, cartilage oligomeric matrix protein, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1) measured at baseline were associated with radiographic progression at endpoint. Multivariate logistic regression identified anti-CCP seropositivity [OR 9.29, 95%CI: 2.29-37.64], baseline elevated MMP-3 [OR 8.25, 95%CI: 2.54-26.78] and baseline radiographic damage [OR 5.83, 95%CI: 1.88-18.10] as the strongest independent predictors of radiographic progression. A model incorporating these variables had a predictive accuracy of 0.87, assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. CONCLUSION: In our cohort with onset of RA symptoms < 2-years, multivariate analysis identified anti-CCP status and baseline MMP-3 as the strongest independent predictors of radiographic disease outcome at 8.2-years. This finding suggests determination of baseline MMP-3, in conjunction with traditional serologic markers, may provide additional prognostic information for patients with RA. Furthermore, these findings highlight the importance of continued research into a broad range of biomarkers as potential predictors of joint damage.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Observação , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Radiografia , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Arthritis Rheum ; 56(10): 3236-47, 2007 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17907159

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of biochemical and traditional markers in predicting radiographic progression in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: One hundred thirty-two patients with early RA were treated with nonbiologic therapies for 2 years and studied longitudinally. Genomic DNA was analyzed for presence of the shared epitope. Levels of matrix metalloproteinases (matrix metalloproteinase 1 [MMP-1], MMP-13, and MMP-3), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP-1), and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) were assessed in serially obtained serum samples. The presence of pyridinoline (Pyr), deoxypyridinoline, glycosylated Pyr (Glc-Gal-Pyr), and C-telopeptide of type II collagen (CTX-II) was assessed in urine samples. Radiographs obtained at entry and at 2 years were evaluated using the modified Larsen score. RESULTS: Baseline and 2-year radiographs were available from 118 patients. Larsen scores worsened during the 2 years in 50 patients, while 68 patients had no radiographic progression. Levels of a variety of biochemical markers, i.e., MMP-3, CTX-II, COMP, TIMP-1, Pyr, and Glc-Gal-Pyr, correlated significantly with radiographic progression at entry and longitudinally as assessed by area under the curve (AUC). By multivariate analysis, a model including MMP-3 and CTX-II was identified as providing the best prediction of radiographic progression at entry (predictive accuracy by receiver operating characteristic [ROC] AUC = 0.76 [95% confidence interval 0.66-0.85]), while a combination of MMP-3, CTX-II, and swollen joint count formed the best longitudinal AUC model (predictive accuracy by ROC AUC = 0.81 [95% confidence interval 0.73-0.89]). Patient-reported measures (Health Assessment Questionnaire, pain scores) were of limited use. In a subset of 50 patients who were treated with methotrexate (MTX) during the followup period, median serum MMP-3 levels decreased after the initiation of MTX therapy (P = 0.0003). CONCLUSION: These results indicate that biochemical markers are useful predictors of radiographic progression in RA and that serum MMP-3 levels decrease significantly with MTX therapy. Multivariate models that include MMP-3 and CTX-II perform better than existing traditional markers in predicting radiographic outcome in RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Colágeno Tipo II/urina , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/sangue , Glicoproteínas/sangue , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Aminoácidos/urina , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/urina , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/urina , Proteína de Matriz Oligomérica de Cartilagem , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas Matrilinas , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/sangue , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz/sangue , Metaloproteinases da Matriz/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Radiografia , Fatores de Tempo , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/sangue
19.
J Rheumatol ; 30(2): 238-40, 2003 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12563674

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To facilitate storage, retrieval, and analysis of radiographic images we assessed the validity of a film digitizer and computer based system. METHODS: A total of 101 sets of radiographs of hands and feet from patients with early rheumatoid arthritis were digitized according to standards defined by the American College of Radiology. Two blinded observers applied the modified Larsen score to the digitized images and the original radiographs. RESULTS: There was good concordance between the scoring of digitized images and radiographic films; intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.89. Regression analysis of a Bland-Altman plot revealed that there was no significant systematic bias. It was noted that scoring the digital images took more than twice as long as scoring the radiographic films. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that modified Larsen scoring of adequately digitized films on standard computer displays is valid and shows good agreement with conventional techniques. Scoring digitized images appears to require more time, but this may be outweighed by the considerable advantages of computer storage and retrieval of radiographic images.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrografia/métodos , Artrografia/normas , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/normas , Análise de Regressão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA