Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 847
Filtrar
1.
Foods ; 11(11)2022 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35681310

RESUMO

Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune intestinal disorder caused by the ingestion of gluten in people who carry the susceptible gene. In current celiac disease research, wheat gluten is often the main target of attention, neglecting the role played by non-gluten proteins. This study aimed to describe the effects of wheat amylase trypsin inhibitors (ATI, non-gluten proteins) and gliadin in BALB/c mice while exploring the further role of relevant adjuvants (cholera toxin, polyinosinic: polycytidylic acid and dextran sulfate sodium) intervention. An ex vivo splenocyte and intestinal tissue were collected for analysis of the inflammatory profile. The consumption of gliadin and ATI caused intestinal inflammation in mice. Moreover, the histopathology staining of four intestinal sections (duodenum, jejunum, terminal ileum, and middle colon) indicated that adjuvants, especially polyinosinic: polycytidylic acid, enhanced the villi damage and crypt hyperplasia in co-stimulation with ATI and gliadin murine model. Immunohistochemical results showed that tissue transglutaminase and IL-15 expression were significantly increased in the jejunal tissue of mice treated with ATI and gliadin. Similarly, the expression of inflammatory factors (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-13) and Th1/Th2 balance also showed that the inflammation response was significantly increased after co-stimulation with ATI and gliadin. This study provided new evidence for the role of wheat amylase trypsin inhibitors in the pathogenesis of celiac disease.

2.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(11)2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35683740

RESUMO

The spin-orbit torques (SOTs) in the heavy metal (HM)/ferromagnetic metal (FM) structure hold promise for next-generation low-power and high-density spintronic memory and logic applications. For the SOT switching of a perpendicular magnetization, an external magnetic field is inevitable for breaking the mirror symmetry, which is not practical for high-density nanoelectronics applications. In this work, we study the current-induced field-free SOT switching and SOT perpendicular effective field (Hzeff) in a variety of laterally asymmetric multilayers, where the asymmetry is introduced by growing the FM layer in a wedge shape. We show that the design of structural asymmetry by wedging the FM layer is a universal scheme for realizing field-free SOT switching. Moreover, by comparing the FM layer thickness dependence of (Hzeff) in different samples, we show that the efficiency (ß =Hzeff/J, J is the current density) is sensitive to the HM/FM interface and the FM layer thickness. The sign of ß for thin FM thicknesses is related to the spin Hall angle (θSH) of the HM layer attached to the FM layer. ß changes its sign with the thickness of the FM layer increasing, which may be caused by the thickness dependence of the work function of FM. These results show the possibility of engineering the deterministic field-free switching by combining the symmetry breaking and the materials design of the HM/FM interface.

3.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 899241, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35712254

RESUMO

Our objective was to analyze the correlation between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and explore the relationship between SUA and carotid atherosclerosis in different glucose metabolism patterns. A total of 614 patients were enrolled in this case-control study, including 406 in the normouricemia group and 208 in the hyperuricemia group. The two groups were each divided into three groups according to fasting blood glucose (FBG) level: normal, impaired fasting glucose (IFG), and diabetes mellitus (DM). CIMT and the CIMT thickening rate in the hyperuricemia group were significantly higher than those in the normouricemia group: 0.17 (0.11-0.24) cm vs. 0.12 (0.08-0.15) cm and 73.56% vs. 51.97% (p < 0.001). Pearson's correlation analysis showed that age, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure, FBG, triglyceride, SUA, creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen were positively correlated with CIMT, whereas high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and total cholesterol were negatively correlated with CIMT. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that age, SUA, FBG, and SBP were independent factors that affected CIMT. Furthermore, age and SBP were independent factors in the normouricemia group, and FBG was an independent factor that affected CIMT in the hyperuricemia group (p < 0.05). In the hyperuricemia group, CIMT in the DM group was significantly higher than that in the normal group [0.20 (0.14-0.25)cm vs. 0.15 (0.1-0.25); p < 0.05], and the CIMT thickening rate in the DM group was significantly higher than those in the IFG and normal groups (90.38% vs. 78.38%, 90.38% vs. 65.81%; p < 0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that uric acid combined with age, SBP, and FBG had the highest area under the curve (AUC) for predicting CIMT thickening [0.855 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.804-0.906)], followed by uric acid combined with FBG [AUC: 0.767 (95% CI: 0.726-0.808)]. In conclusion, SUA was closely associated with an increase in CIMT in patients with specific FBG metabolic patterns and may be an independent risk factor for carotid atherosclerosis. SUA, especially in combination with other factors (such as age, SBP, FBG), may serve as a specific model to help predict the incidence of CIMT thickening. Clinical Trial Registration: http://www.chictr.org.cn, identifier ChiCTR2000039124.


Assuntos
Doenças das Artérias Carótidas , Diabetes Mellitus , Hiperuricemia , Glicemia/metabolismo , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colesterol , Jejum , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/complicações , Ácido Úrico
4.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 3512, 2022 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35717416

RESUMO

Prime editing enables search-and-replace genome editing but is limited by low editing efficiency. We present a high-throughput approach, the Peptide Self-Editing sequencing assay (PepSEq), to measure how fusion of 12,000 85-amino acid peptides influences prime editing efficiency. We show that peptide fusion can enhance prime editing, prime-enhancing peptides combine productively, and a top dual peptide-prime editor increases prime editing significantly in multiple cell lines across dozens of target sites. Top prime-enhancing peptides function by increasing translation efficiency and serve as broadly useful tools to improve prime editing efficiency.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Edição de Genes , Linhagem Celular , Fusão Gênica , Peptídeos/genética
5.
Elife ; 112022 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35662394

RESUMO

LRRTMs are postsynaptic cell adhesion proteins that have region-restricted expression in the brain. To determine their role in the molecular organization of synapses in vivo, we studied synapse development and plasticity in hippocampal neuronal circuits in mice lacking both Lrrtm1 and Lrrtm2. We found that LRRTM1 and LRRTM2 regulate the density and morphological integrity of excitatory synapses on CA1 pyramidal neurons in the developing brain but are not essential for these roles in the mature circuit. Further, they are required for long-term-potentiation in the CA3-CA1 pathway and the dentate gyrus, and for enduring fear memory in both the developing and mature brain. Our data show that LRRTM1 and LRRTM2 regulate synapse development and function in a cell-type and developmental-stage-specific manner, and thereby contribute to the fine-tuning of hippocampal circuit connectivity and plasticity.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão de Célula Nervosa , Animais , Hipocampo/fisiologia , Potenciação de Longa Duração/fisiologia , Camundongos , Moléculas de Adesão de Célula Nervosa/metabolismo , Sinapses/fisiologia
6.
FASEB J ; 36 Suppl 12022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35557281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the spread of highly infectious strains such as the Delta variant of SARS-CoV-2, rapid antigen testing and variant tracking are gaining more attention from infectious disease specialists and the general public as essentials for disease control and prevention amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. The lateral flow based antigen tests provide fast turnaround of results within minutes, but it's open -faced assay format means that the test operators are more prone to accidental exposure to pathogen-containing samples. The viral inactivation transport media (ITMs) provide much needed protection against exposure to highly transmissive live viruses during sample collection, transport, and storage. However, the current ITMs were designed for PCR tests and share a harsh chemical formulation that denatures protein analytes, making them incompatible with antigen tests. We developed an innovative viral transport media that is designed for a variety of tests, such as antigen testing and PCR. The new formulation can be used to safely inactivate SARS-CoV-2 virus while maintaining compatibility with many different formats beyond rt-PCR. DESIGN: To evaluate the viral inactivation performance of the novel inactivation transport media formulation, a cytopathic effect assay was conducted using VERO E6 cells in presence of SARS-CoV-2 samples incubated in our novel formulation and log reduction were reported. To assess its compatibility with different SARS-CoV-2 related assays, the novel formulation was used as inactivation transport media in antigen, PCR, and NGS based Swab-Seq tests with known controls. RESULTS: The results for the inactivation study confirmed > 3.0 log reduction in viral titer after 30 min exposure in novel transport media formulation and demonstrated 99.5% effectiveness in SARS-CoV-2 inactivation. The results for the PCR and antigen test compatibility studies showed comparable and/or superior performance in detection limits for the novel formulation when compared to other sample media. The Swab-Seq result offers preliminary support on the novel formulation's compatibility with NGS based assays. CONCLUSION: Using a novel viral transport medium, we were able to completely inactivate the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The new formulation was compatible with both nucleic acid and protein assays while protecting cells from infection. This viral transport media could allow more test types to be done from a single specimen, resulting in safer and reliable outcomes. Additionally, it would reduce the need for multiple samples collected from patients while supporting SARS-CoV-2 variant tracking via NGS.

7.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(5): 552-4, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543947

RESUMO

To summarize YU Tian-yuan's experience of applying Danzhong (CV 17) for mental illness in acupuncture and tuina. YU Tian-yuan uses Danzhong (CV 17) alone or in combination with other acupoints to treat mental illnesses such as insomnia, palpitation and chest distress. Professor YU emphasizes 4 tips when treating diseases, nourishing the heart to tranquilize by light stimulation; regulating spirit by combined stimulation; leaving the acupoints and holding on the meridian for a wide range of stimulation; using rubbing and pushing manipulation in several directions for regulating qi to soothe the chest. And in clinical practice, formed a unique therapy to treat mental illness.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Transtornos Mentais , Meridianos , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia
8.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 15353702221094235, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538652

RESUMO

Mitochondria need to interact with the nucleus under homeostasis and stress to maintain cellular demands and nuclear transcriptional programs. Disrupted mitonuclear interaction is involved in many disease processes. However, the role of mitonuclear signaling regulators in endotoxin-induced acute lung injury (ALI) remains unknown. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) is closely related to mitonuclear interaction with its central role in mitochondrial metabolism. In the current study, C57BL/6J mice were administrated with lipopolysaccharide 15 mg/kg to induce endotoxin-induced ALI and investigated whether the NAD+ precursor nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) could preserve mitonuclear interaction and alleviate ALI. After pretreatment with NMN for 7 days, NAD+ levels in the mitochondrial, nucleus, and total intracellular were significantly increased in endotoxemia mice. Moreover, supplementation of NMN alleviated lung pathologic injury, reduced ROS levels, increased MnSOD activities, mitigated mitochondrial dysfunction, ameliorated the defects in the nucleus morphology, and these cytoprotective effects were accompanied by preserving mitonuclear interaction (including mitonuclear protein imbalance and the mitochondrial unfolded protein response, UPRmt). Furthermore, NAD+-mediated mitonuclear protein imbalance and UPRmt are probably regulated by deacetylase Sirtuin1 (SIRT1). Taken together, our results indicated that NMN pretreatment ameliorated ALI by inducing mitonuclear protein imbalance and activating the UPRmt in an SIRT1-dependent manner.

9.
Respir Res ; 23(1): 128, 2022 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35596212

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive and usually lethal pulmonary disease. Despite considerable research efforts, no effective therapeutic strategy for pulmonary fibrosis has been developed. NecroX-5 has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative and anti-tumor activities. In the present study, we aimed to determine whether NecroX-5 exhibits antifibrotic property in bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis. RESULTS: We found that pre-treatment with NecroX-5 alleviated inflammatory response, reduced oxidative stress, inhibited epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and ameliorated pulmonary fibrosis in vivo and in vitro. Our data further indicated that NecroX-5 substantially reduced activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and TGF-ß1/Smad2/3 signaling in vivo and in vitro. Additionally, NLRP3 overexpression significantly reversed the protective effects of NecroX-5 in lung epithelial cells exposed to BLM. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our results demonstrate the potent antifibrotic properties of NecroX-5 and its therapeutic potential for pulmonary fibrosis.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Fibrose Pulmonar , Sulfonas , Animais , Bleomicina , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/farmacologia , Camundongos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrose Pulmonar/patologia , Sulfonas/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
10.
J Neuroinflammation ; 19(1): 123, 2022 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35624514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The noradrenergic neurons of locus coeruleus (LC) project to the spinal dorsal horn (SDH), and release norepinephrine (NE) to inhibit pain transmission. However, its effect on pathological pain and the cellular mechanism in the SDH remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the analgesic effects and the anti-neuroinflammation mechanism of LC-spinal cord noradrenergic pathway (LC:SC) in neuropathic pain (NP) mice with sciatic chronic constriction injury. METHODS: The Designer Receptors Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs (DREADD) was used to selectively activate LC:SC. Noradrenergic neuron-specific retro-adeno-associated virus was injected to the spinal cord. Pain threshold, LC and wide dynamic range (WDR) neuron firing, neuroinflammation (microglia and astrocyte activation, cytokine expression), and α2AR expression in SDH were evaluated. RESULTS: Activation of LC:SC with DREADD increased the mechanical and thermal nociceptive thresholds and reduced the WDR neuron firing. LC:SC activation (daily, 7 days) downregulated TNF-α and IL-1ß expression, upregulated IL-4 and IL-10 expression in SDH, and inhibited microglia and astrocytes activation in NP mice. Immunofluorescence double staining confirmed that LC:SC activation decreased the expression of cytokines in microglia of the SDH. In addition, the effects of LC:SC activation could be reversed by intrathecal injection of yohimbine. Immunofluorescence of SDH showed that NE receptor α2B-AR was highly expressed in microglia in CCI mice. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that selective activation of LC:SC alleviates NP in mice by increasing the release of NE and reducing neuroinflammation of astrocytes and microglia in SDH.


Assuntos
Neurônios Adrenérgicos , Neuralgia , Neurônios Adrenérgicos/metabolismo , Animais , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Locus Cerúleo/metabolismo , Camundongos , Microglia/metabolismo , Neuralgia/metabolismo , Norepinefrina/metabolismo , Corno Dorsal da Medula Espinal/metabolismo
11.
Asian J Androl ; 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35488667

RESUMO

Selective dorsal neurotomy (SDN) is a surgical treatment for primary premature ejaculation (PE), but there is still no standard surgical procedure for selecting the branches of the dorsal penile nerves to be removed. We performed this study to explore the value of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) of the penile sensory-evoked potential (PSEP) for standard surgical procedures in SDN. One hundred and twenty primary PE patients undergoing SDN were selected as the PE group and 120 non-PE patients were selected as the normal group. The PSEP was monitored and compared between the two groups under both natural and general anesthesia (GA) states. In addition, patients in the PE group were randomly divided into the IONM group and the non-IONM group. During SDN surgery, PSEP parameters of the IONM group were recorded and analyzed. The differences in PE-related outcome measurements between the perioperative period and 3 months' postoperation were compared for the PE patients, and the differences in effectiveness and complications between the IONM group and the non-IONM group were compared. The results showed that the average latency of the PSEP in the PE group was shorter than that in the normal group under both natural and GA states (P < 0.001). Three months after surgery, the significant effective rates in the IONM and non-IONM groups were 63.6% and 34.0%, respectively (P < 0.01), and the difference in complications between the two groups was significant (P < 0.05). IONM might be useful in improving the short-term therapeutic effectiveness and reducing the complications of SDN.

12.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 194, 2022 04 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35473672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 affects healthcare resource allocation, which could lead to treatment delay and poor outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We assessed the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on AMI outcomes. METHODS: We compared outcomes of patients admitted for acute ST-elevation MI (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI) during a non-COVID-19 pandemic period (January-February 2019; Group 1, n = 254) and a COVID-19 pandemic period (January-February 2020; Group 2, n = 124). RESULTS: For STEMI patients, the median of first medical contact (FMC) time, door-to-balloon time, and total myocardial ischemia time were significantly longer in Group 2 patients (all p < 0.05). Primary percutaneous intervention was performed significantly more often in Group 1 patients than in Group 2 patients, whereas thrombolytic therapy was used significantly more often in Group 2 patients than in Group 1 patients (all p < 0.05). However, the rates of and all-cause 30-day mortality and major adverse cardiac event (MACE) were not significantly different in the two periods (all p > 0.05). For NSTEMI patients, Group 2 patients had a higher rate of conservative therapy, a lower rate of reperfusion therapy, and longer FMC times (all p < 0.05). All-cause 30-day mortality and MACE were only higher in NSTEMI patients during the COVID-19 pandemic period (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 pandemic causes treatment delay in AMI patients and potentially leads to poor clinical outcome in NSTEMI patients. Thrombolytic therapy should be initiated without delay for STEMI when coronary intervention is not readily available; for NSTEMI patients, outcomes of invasive reperfusion were better than medical treatment.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infarto do Miocárdio , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Pandemias , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Ovarian Res ; 15(1): 40, 2022 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379295

RESUMO

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disease associated with reproduction. The Cuscuta-Salvia formula has been widely used to treat for PCOS in clinic. However, its chemical and pharmacological properties remain unclear. We identified the active components and related targets of Cuscuta-Salvia using UHPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS and TCMSP database. Disease targets were obtained from the DisGeNET and GeneCards databases. Subsequently, common targets between Cuscuta-Salvia and PCOS were identified using a Venn diagram. PPI network was established. Core genes were selected using a Cytoscape software plugin. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses were performed for common targets using the "pathview" package in R. Several core targets were verified using molecular and Immunological methods. By combining UHPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS with a network pharmacology study, 14 active components and a total of 80 common targets were obtained. Ten core genes were regulated by Cuscuta-Salvia in PCOS, including IL6, AKT1, VEGFA, TP53, TNF, MAPK1, JUN, EGF, CASP3, and EGFR. GO results showed that cellular response to drugs, response to oxygen levels, response lipopolysaccharides, and response to molecule of bacterial origin in BP category; membrane, transcription regulator complex, nuclear chromatin, postsynaptic membrane, and vesicle lumen in CC category; DNA-binding transcription factor binding, RNA polymerase II-specific DNA-binding transcription factor binding, DNA-binding transcription activator activity, RNA polymerase II-specific, DNA-binding transcription activator activity, and cytokine receptor binding in MF terms. The KEGG enrichment pathway was mainly involved in the PI3K - Akt, MAPK, TNF, IL-17 signalling pathways, and in cellular senescence. Furthermore, the results of the experimental study showed that Cuscuta-Salvia ameliorated the pathological changes in the ovaries, liver and adipose tissue. And it improved the expressions of the genes or proteins. Our results demonstrate that Cuscuta-Salvia may provide a novel pharmacological basis in an experimental model of PCOS by regulating gene expression. This study provides a basis for future research and clinical applications.


Assuntos
Cuscuta , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Salvia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/genética , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo
14.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0264174, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35390003

RESUMO

The house mouse or Mus musculus has become a premier mammalian model for genetic research due to its genetic and physiological similarities to humans. It brought mechanistic insights into numerous human diseases and has been routinely used to assess drug efficiency and toxicity, as well as to predict patient responses. To facilitate molecular mechanism studies in mouse, we present the Mouse Interactome Database (MID, Version 1), which includes 155,887 putative functional associations between mouse protein-coding genes inferred from functional association evidence integrated from 9 public databases. These putative functional associations are expected to cover 19.32% of all mouse protein interactions, and 26.02% of these function associations may represent protein interactions. On top of MID, we developed a gene set linkage analysis (GSLA) web tool to annotate potential functional impacts from observed differentially expressed genes. Two case studies show that the MID/GSLA system provided precise and informative annotations that other widely used gene set annotation tools, such as PANTHER and DAVID, did not. Both MID and GSLA are accessible through the website http://mouse.biomedtzc.cn.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Genéticas , Mamíferos , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos
15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 209(Pt A): 655-667, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421415

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of polysaccharides from Ostrea rivularis (ORP) relieving reproductive damage by regulating autophagy. The results showed that ORP intervention could alleviate the pathological changes of the testis and alleviate oxidative stress which were caused by cyclophosphamide (CTX) in vivo, including improve sperm symptoms and rise testosterone level. Reduced level of autophagy after ORP intervention was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), which implied that ORP might regulate cell autophagy. In vitro experiments showed that ORP could alleviate the damage of TM4 cells induced by H2O2, reduce the level of intracellular ROS and the content of MDA. Autophagy-related protein expressions of p62, LC3, Beclin-1 before and after 3-MA inhibitor intervention were also proved that ORP could regulate autophagy. Overall, these results confirmed that ORP could reduce reproductive damage related to autophagy.


Assuntos
Crassostrea , Ostrea , Animais , Autofagia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia
16.
Front Immunol ; 13: 878186, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35450077

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Wheat gluten is a critical trigger for celiac disease, often causing inflammatory lesions and oxidative stress damage in the intestines of patients. In daily life, it is difficult for celiac disease patients to strictly avoid the dietary intake of gluten, which makes complementary preventive therapy particularly urgent. As such, we investigated the alleviating effects of resveratrol in vivo and in vitro models of celiac disease. Methods: We established in vivo and in vitro models of gluten protein-induced celiac disease. The intervention effect of resveratrol was defined well based on relevant indicators of inflammation, immunity and oxidative stress, and its possible involvement in signaling pathways and genes were also identified. Results: Resveratrol was effective in reducing intestinal oxidative stress and inflammatory damage induced by wheat gluten in both cell and mouse models for celiac disease. We identified correlations between the genes (Fgf15, Nr0b2, Aire and Ubd) and signaling pathways (PPAR, AMPK and FoxO) in which resveratrol performed critical roles. Conclusions: Resveratrol contributed to regulate development of autoimmunity through up-regulation of Aire and Ubd genes and promote nutrient absorption in intestine through down-regulation of Fgf15 and Nr0b2 genes, as well as played a role in regulating complex response system of oxidative stress, inflammatory response and immune response in intestine by activating PPAR, AMPK and FoxO signaling pathways, thus effectively alleviating the intestinal symptoms of celiac disease.


Assuntos
Doença Celíaca , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Animais , Glutens , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Receptores Ativados por Proliferador de Peroxissomo , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Resveratrol/uso terapêutico , Triticum
17.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 7929784, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35391925

RESUMO

Objective: Our experiments were aimed at probing whether urocortin I postconditioning was beneficial for maintaining the mitochondrial respiratory function and inhibiting the surging of reactive oxygen species. In addition, our experiments also intended to reveal the relationships between urocortin I postconditioning and mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channel. Methods: Langendorff and MPA perfusion systems were used to establish myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury model and cardiomyocytes hypoxia-reoxygenation injury model in rats, respectively. Isolated hearts and cardiomyocytes were randomly divided into normal group, ischemia-reperfusion/hypoxia-reoxygenation group, urocortin I postconditioning group, and 5-hydroxysolanoic acid (5-HD)+urocortin I group. At the end of balance (T1) and reperfusion (T2), cardiac functions, mitochondrial state3 respiratory, respiratory control ratio, mitochondrial respiratory enzyme activity, and mitochondrial cardiolipin content were measured. Our experiments also observed the ultrastructure of myocardium. The changes of cardiomyocyte mitochondrial permeability transition pore, mitochondrial membrane potential, reactive oxygen species, expression of apoptosis protein, and cardiomyocytes activity were detected at the end of reoxygenation. Results: The cardiac functions, mitochondrial respiratory function, and enzyme activity of the normal group were better than other three groups at T2, and urocortin I postconditioning group was better than the IR group and 5-HD+urocortin I group. LVEDP, +dp/dtmax, mitochondrial respiratory function, and enzyme activity of IR group were worse than 5-HD+urocortin I group. Cardiolipin content of the normal group was higher than the other three groups at T2, urocortin I postconditioning group was higher than the IR group and 5-HD+urocortin I group, and 5-HD+urocortin I group was still higher than the IR group. The ultrastructure of the normal group maintained the most integrated than the other groups, IR group suffered the most serious damage, and ultrastructure of the urocortin I postconditioning group was better than the IR group and 5-HD+urocortin I group. At the end of reoxygenation, activity of mitochondrial permeability transition pore and generation of reactive oxygen species of normal group were lower than the other groups, HR group and 5-HD+urocortin I group were higher than the urocortin I postconditioning group, and 5-HD+urocortin I group was still higher than the urocortin I postconditioning group. Normal group had the highest level of mitochondrial membrane potential at the end of reoxygenation, and the urocortin I postconditioning group was higher than the HR group and 5-HD+urocortin I group. The normal group had the lowest expression level of Bax and the highest expression level of Bcl-2 at the end of reoxygenation. Urocortin I postconditioning group had lower Bax expression but higher Bcl-2 expression than the HR and 5-HD+urocortin I group. Accordingly, the normal group had the highest activity of cardiomyocytes, and the urocortin I postconditioning group was higher than the HR group and 5-HD+urocortin I group. Conclusions: Urocortin I postconditioning can protect the activity of cardiomyocytes after hypoxia-reoxygenation injury, improve the mitochondrial respiratory function, and enhance the contractility of isolated heart after myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. The alleviation of myocardial injury relates to the opening of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channel.


Assuntos
Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Animais , Cardiolipinas/metabolismo , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Canais KATP/metabolismo , Poro de Transição de Permeabilidade Mitocondrial , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Ratos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Urocortinas/metabolismo , Urocortinas/farmacologia , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
18.
Molecules ; 27(5)2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35268699

RESUMO

Previous studies have reported that recombinant tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α has powerful antiviral activity but severe systematic side effects. Jasminin is a common bioactive component found in Chinese herbal medicine beverage "Jasmine Tea". Here, we report that jasminin-induced endogenous TNF-α showed antiviral activity in vitro. The underlying TNF-α-inducing action of jasminin was also investigated in RAW264.7 cells. The level of endogenous TNF-α stimulated by jasminin was first analyzed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) from the cell culture supernatant of RAW264.7 cells. The supernatants were then collected to investigate the potential antiviral effect against herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1). The antiviral effects of jasminin alone or its supernatants were evaluated by a plaque reduction assay. The potential activation of the PI3K-Akt pathway, three main mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), and nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling pathways that induce TNF-α production were also investigated. Jasminin induces TNF-α protein expression in RAW264.7 cells without additional stimuli 10-fold more than the control. No significant up-expression of type I, II, and III interferons; interleukins 2 and 10; nor TNF-ß were observed by the jasminin stimuli. The supernatants, containing jasminin-induced-TNF-α, showed antiviral activity against HSV-1. The jasminin-stimulated cells caused the simultaneous activation of the Akt, MAPKs, and NF-κB signal pathways. Furthermore, the pretreatment of the cells with the Akt, MAPKs, and NF-κB inhibitors effectively suppressed jasminin-induced TNF-α production. Our research provides evidence that endogenous TNF-α can be used as a strategy to encounter viral infections. Additionally, the Akt, MAPKs, and NF-κB signaling pathways are involved in the TNF-α synthesis that induced by jasminin.


Assuntos
Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Antivirais/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
19.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(3): 277-80, 2022 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35272404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the therapeutic effect between Tiaoshen acupuncture combined with psychotherapy and simple psychotherapy on anxiety after methamphetamine withdrawal. METHODS: A total of 78 patients were randomized into an observation group (39 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (39 cases, 1 case dropped off). Psychotherapy was given in the control group. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, Tiaoshen acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Benshen (GB 13), Neiguan (PC 6) and Shenmen (HT 7) in the observation group. The treatment was given once a day, 6 days were as one course and totally 4 courses were required in both groups. The scores of Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA), quality of life for drug addicts (QOL-DA) and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) before and after treatment were observed in both groups. RESULTS: After treatment, the various scores and the total scores of HAMA, QOL-DA and PSQI were decreased compared before treatment in both groups (P<0.05), and the scores of somatic anxiety factor, the psychic anxiety factor and the total score of HAMA, each various score and the total score of QOL-DA as well as the scores of sleep quality, time to fall asleep, sleep time, daytime dysfunction and the total score of PSQI in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Tiaoshen acupuncture combined with psychotherapy can relieve the anxiety in patients with anxiety after methamphetamine withdrawal, improve the quality of life and sleep, the therapeutic effect is superior to the simple psychotherapy.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Metanfetamina , Pontos de Acupuntura , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Humanos , Metanfetamina/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida
20.
Research (Wash D C) ; 2022: 9819343, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35282470

RESUMO

Designing and building unique cage assemblies attract increasing interest from supramolecular chemists but remain synthetically challenging. Herein, we propose the use of a flexible vertex with adjustable angles to selectively form highly distorted tetrahedral and octahedral cages, for the first time, in which the flexible vertex forms from the synergistic effect of coordination and covalent interactions. The inherent interligand angle of the vertex can be modulated by guest anions present, which allows for the fine-tuning of different cage geometries. Furthermore, the reversible structural transformation between tetrahedral and octahedral cages was achieved by anion exchange monitored by mass spectrometric technique, the smaller anions favoring tetrahedral cages, while the larger anions supporting octahedral cages. Additionally, the KBr-based cage thin films exhibited prominent enhancement of their third-order NLO responses in two or three orders of magnitude compared to those obtained for their corresponding solutions. This work not only provides a new methodology to build irregular polyhedral structures in a controlled and tunable way but also provides access to new kinds of promising functional optical materials.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...