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1.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(5)2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33800232

RESUMO

A combined edge and core cloud computing environment is a novel solution in 5G network slices. The clients' high availability requirement is a challenge because it limits the possible admission control in front of the edge cloud. This work proposes an orchestrator with a mathematical programming model in a global viewpoint to solve resource management problems and satisfying the clients' high availability requirements. The proposed Lagrangian relaxation-based approach is adopted to solve the problems at a near-optimal level for increasing the system revenue. A promising and straightforward resource management approach and several experimental cases are used to evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness. Preliminary results are presented as performance evaluations to verify the proposed approach's suitability for edge and core cloud computing environments. The proposed orchestrator significantly enables the network slicing services and efficiently enhances the clients' satisfaction of high availability.

2.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33837482

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Pai-Neng-Da Capsule (, panaxadiol saponins component, PNDC) in combination with the cyclosporine and androgen for patients with chronic aplastic anemia (CAA). METHODS: A total of 79 CAA patients was randomly divided into 2 groups by a random number table, including PCA group [43 cases, orally PNDC 320 mg/d plus cyclosporine 5 mg/(kg·d) plus andriol 80 mg/d] and CA group [36 cases, orally cyclosporine 5 mg/(kg·d) plus andriol 160 mg/d]. All patients were treated and followed-up for 6 treatment courses over 24 weeks. The complete blood counts, score of Chinese medical (CM) symptoms were assessed and urine routine, electrocardiogram, hepatic and renal function were observed for safety evaluation. Female masculinization rating scale was established according to the actual clinical manifestations to evaluate the accurate degree of masculinization in female CAA patients treated by andriol. RESULTS: The effective rates were 88.1% (37/42) in the PCA group and 77.8% (28/36) in the CA group based on the standard for the therapeutic efficacy evaluation of hematopathy. There was no significant difference in the white blood cell (WBC) counts, platelet counts and hemoglobin concentration of peripheral blood between two groups after 6 months treatment. The masculinization score of female patient in the PCA group was significantly lower than the CA group (P<0.05). The mild abdominal distention was observed in 1 cases in the PCA group. In CA group, the abnormalities in the hepatic function developed in 2 cases and the renal disfunction was found in 1 case. CONCLUSION: The PNDC possesses certain curative effects in the treatment of CAA without obvious side-effects and can partially replace andriol thereby to reduce the degree of masculinization [Registried at Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChicTR1900028153)].

3.
Trials ; 22(1): 253, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common functional gastrointestinal diseases. Although acupuncture has become a common alternative therapy for IBS, there is insufficient evidence for its effectiveness. This study was designed to assess the efficacy and feasibility of acupuncture in the treatment of IBS. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial. According to the ratio of 1:1:1, 90 patients with irritable bowel syndrome will be randomly divided into specific acupoints (SA) group, non-specific acupoints (NSA) group, and non-acupoints (NA) group. All patients will be treated with acupuncture 12 times within 4 weeks and followed up for 8 weeks. The primary outcome is the response rate, the percentage of patients whose average value of worst abdominal pain is 30% better and the days of loose stool is 50% less than the baseline, at week 4 after randomization. The secondary outcomes include the response rates at other time points, IBS Symptom Severity Scale (IBS-SSS), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 depression scale (PHQ-9), IBS-Quality of Life scale (IBS-QOL), IBS Adequate Relief (IBS-AR), Abdominal Pain Score, Abdominal Bloating Score, Bristol Stool Score (BBS), blinding assessment, and credibility evaluation. Adverse events will be monitored and recorded during the trial. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chictr.org.cn ChiCTR2000030670. Registered on 9 March 2020.

4.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(3): 269-74, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798308

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of ginger-separated moxibustion on fatigue state and intestinal flora in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). METHODS: A total of 62 patients with CFS were randomly divided into an observation group (31 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (31 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the control group were treated with normal diet and moderate exercise; on the basis of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with ginger-separated moxibustion at Zhongwan (CV 12), Shenque (CV 8) and Guanyuan (CV 4), 30 min each time, once every other day, three times a week. Both groups were intervened for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the fatigue scale-14 (FS-14) was used to observe the improvement of fatigue state, and 16S rRNA detection technology was used to detect the distribution of intestinal flora. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the FS-14 score was reduced after treatment in the observation group (P<0.01), and the reduction in the observation group was larger than that in the control group (P<0.01). The relative abundance of intestinal flora was similar between the observation group and control group at the phylum and genus level before treatment. After treatment, there was no significant change of intestinal flora in the control group. However, the enterobacteriaceae, corynebacterium, erysipelothrix, actinomycetes were increased in the observation group (P<0.05), and actinomycetes, ruminococcus, lactarius had obvious flora advantages compared with the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The ginger-separated moxibustion could significantly improve the fatigue state in CFS patients, which may be related to the regulation of intestinal flora structure and the repair of intestinal barrier.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Gengibre , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/terapia , Humanos , RNA Ribossômico 16S
5.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 603-609, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812438

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish a mouse mixed chimerism (MC) model of nonmyeloablative allogeneic bone marrow transplantation(allo-BMT) and explore its affecting factors. METHODS: The MC model was established by nonmyeloablative allo-BMT followed by high-dose post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY). 123 mice in the experiments was retrospectively analyzed, and the factors related with the chimerism were explored with the univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. A multivariate linear regression was performed by R project to obtain a mathematical model for predicting the chimeric level with relevant affecting factors. RESULTS: The model presented mixed chimerism on day 14 after transplantation, and was characterized by a donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) which significantly promoted donor engraftment on day 15, but transfplantation of PBS in control group was failed. Among 123 mice, 47 (38.21%) mice were MC, while 76 (61.79%) mice were non-MC in 123 mice, respectively; univariate analysis showed that the baseline body weight of mice (P=0.001, 17.84±1.19 g vs 18.50±0.94 g), total body irradiation(TBI,P=0.048) and the using of cyclophosphamide (P=0.16) were affected the chimeric state of mice, while the number of infusing cells and the time of detection showed no significant effects. Multivariate regression analysis showed that under certain conditions, the body weight of mice on day 0 was an independent factor affecting chimeric levels (OR=0.493, 95% CI 0.307-0.791, P=0.003). Through R project multiple linear regression, the math model was achieved, which was chimerism=6.09-12×weight(g)+80.03×TBI(Gy)-4.4×cell-counts (× 107) +0.38×CTX (mg/kg), R2=0.5841, P<0.001. CONCLUSION: The experiment presents a method for establishing a mixed chimeric mice model after non-myeloablative bone marrow transplantation and constructs a mathematical model with relevant factors affected chimerism status.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Animais , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Camundongos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Quimeras de Transplante , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo
6.
Nurs Health Sci ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825287

RESUMO

This study aimed to describe frailty and fear of falling and examine the cross-sectional association between frailty and fear of falling in community-dwelling older adults in China. We recruited 165 older adults from five selected communities in the five districts of Changchun, Jilin Province. Participants were asked to complete a demographic questionnaire, the Short Falls Efficacy Scale-International, and the Tilburg Frailty Indicator. We found that 60% of our participants were frail and that 81% reported a fear of falling. Using binary logistic regression, we found that the participants with fear of falling were 7.2 times more likely to be frail. These findings suggest that fear of falling should be regularly screened in clinical practice to help identify older adults with greater risks of frailty. Future longitudinal studies of larger sample size are needed to confirm the association. Moreover, frailty prevention programs that include strategies to reduce the fear of falling should be tested among community-dwelling older adults.

7.
Ann Med ; 53(1): 587-595, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Oxford classification of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) was revised in 2016 which lacked sufficient evidence for prognostic value of subclassification of focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (S lesion), and the proper proportion of S lesion for subclassification remains undetermined. AIM: This study aimed to explore the predictive value of the new subclassification of S score on renal outcomes of IgAN patients. METHODS: 348 patients with IgAN-associated S lesion were enrolled. According to the optimal cut-off of 25% established by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, we divided S1 patients into two groups: S1a group (S lesion < 25%) and S1b group (S lesion ≥ 25%). IgAN patients with mild lesion (M0E0S0T0C0) were set as the control group. The clinical features at renal biopsy, pathological findings, and follow-up parameters (follow-up time ranged from 1 to 5 years) were collected. We used univariate and multivariate analyses to assess whether the subclassification of S score could refine risk prediction and clinical utility. RESULTS: We demonstrated that S lesion ≥ 25% was associated with a more rapid GFR loss and a lower rate of complete remission of proteinuria even adjusted for multiple clinic pathological variables, compared to S1a group (All p values <.05). And the ratio of glomeruli with T lesion and crescents were higher in patients with S lesion ≥ 25%. Data showed that IgAN patients with S lesion ≥ 25% were at an increased risk of poor renal outcomes even with immunosuppression. CONCLUSION: This study might recommend new subclassification of S scores (S0 (no S lesion), S1 (S lesion <25% of glomeruli), and S2 (S lesion ≥ 25% of glomeruli)) for the Oxford classification. This model may also help to evaluate pros and cons of immunosuppressive therapy in IgAN patients with different level of S lesion.KEY MESSAGESS lesion ≥ 25% is an independent risk factor for poor renal outcome in IgAN patients.This new subclassification of S scores may help to evaluate pros and cons of immunotherapy in IgAN patients with different level of S lesion.

8.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33844169

RESUMO

To evaluate the association between selenoprotein gene polymorphisms and Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) susceptibility through a systematic review and updated meta-analysis. PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane library, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were electronically searched using the terms "selenoprotein" and "Kashin-Beck disease" or "KBD" with a search time from the establishment of the database to January 2021. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used for methodological quality evaluation of the included studies. Stata 14.0 software was used to pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval. There were a total of eight included case-control studies covering 2025 KBD patients and 1962 controls. Meta-analysis results show that the pooled odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for DIO2 (rs225014) were 0.69 (0.52, 0.91), 0.69 (0.50, 0.96), and 0.72 (0.52, 0.99) in the allele, heterozygote, and dominant models, respectively. The OR and 95%CI for SEPS1 (-105G>A) were 2.47 (1.85, 3.29), 9.36 (4.58, 19.12), 2.17 (1.53, 3.08), and 8.60 (4.25, 17.38) in the allele, homozygote, dominant, and recessive models, respectively. In addition, the OR and 95%CI for Sep15 (rs5859) were 2.05 (1.06, 3.96) in the allele model. These results illustrate that there was a significant association between DIO2 (rs225014), SEPS1 (-105G>A), Sep15 (rs5859), and KBD. For GPX1 (rs1050450, rs1800668, rs3811699), DIO2 (rs225014, rs1352815, rs1388382), TrxR2 (rs1139793, rs5746841), GPX4 (rs713041, rs4807542), and SEPP1 (rs7579, 25191g/a), there was no significant statistical difference between the KBD and control groups (P>0.05). We conclude that the DIO2 (rs225014), SEPS1 (-105G>A), and Sep15 (rs5859) gene polymorphism are associated with susceptibility to KBD.

9.
Biol Psychiatry ; 89(9): 839-841, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858589
10.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent high-throughput sequencing studies have revealed frequent CDK4 and TERT amplification in mucosal melanoma, suggesting that they are potential therapeutic targets. In this study, we investigated the statuses of CDK4 and TERT in head and neck mucosal melanoma (HNMM) with the aim of providing preclinical data to support future clinical trials. METHODS: In total, 29 HNMM samples were collected, including 16 oral mucosal melanoma (OMM) samples and 13 nasal cavity/sinuses melanoma (SNMM) samples. Fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to analyze CDK4 and TERT amplification, and immunohistochemistry was used to analyze CDK4 and TERT protein expression patterns. CDK4 expression was knocked down in the ME cells (an OMM cell line), and changes in cell cycle were analyzed. Cell viability assays were performed to determine the sensitivity of ME to abemaciclib (a CDK4 inhibitor) combined with dacarbazine (an anti-melanoma chemotherapy drug). RESULTS: We detected five samples exhibited CDK4 amplifications and nine samples exhibited TERT amplifications in our HNMM series, and found that CDK4 amplification tended to occur in combination with TERT amplification. Amplifications of CDK4 and TERT were more common in OMM than in SNMM. Amplifications of CDK4 and TERT were associated with greater CDK4 and TERT protein expression levels. CDK4 knockdown led to delayed G1/S phase transition in ME cells. Furthermore, ME cells were sensitive to abemaciclib (IC50  = 5.23 nM). Abemaciclib and dacarbazine synergistically inhibited ME cells' viability. CONCLUSION: We confirmed high frequencies of CDK4 and TERT amplification in OMM. Combined therapy with a CDK4/6 inhibitor and anti-melanoma chemotherapeutic agents will be a reasonable strategy for future clinical trials concerning unresectable or metastatic OMM.

11.
Bioconjug Chem ; 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872001

RESUMO

Oxidative stress is broadly implicated in chronic, inflammatory diseases because it causes protein and lipid damage, cell death, and stimulation of inflammatory signaling. Supplementation of innate antioxidant mechanisms with drugs such as the superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic compound 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-oxyl (TEMPO) is a promising strategy for reducing oxidative stress-driven pathologies. TEMPO is inexpensive to produce and has strong antioxidant activity, but it is limited as a drug due to rapid clearance from the body. It is also challenging to encapsulate into micellar nanoparticles or polymer microparticles, because it is a small, water soluble molecule that does not efficiently load into hydrophobic carrier systems. In this work, we pursued a polymeric form of TEMPO [poly(TEMPO)] to increase its molecular weight with the goal of improving in vivo bioavailability. High density of TEMPO on the poly(TEMPO) backbone limited water solubility and bioactivity of the product, a challenge that was overcome by tuning the density of TEMPO in the polymer by copolymerization with the hydrophilic monomer dimethylacrylamide (DMA). Using this strategy, we formed a series of poly(DMA-co-TEMPO) random copolymers. An optimal composition of 40 mol % TEMPO/60 mol % DMA was identified for water solubility and O2•- scavenging in vitro. In an air pouch model of acute local inflammation, the optimized copolymer outperformed both the free drug and a 100% poly(TEMPO) formulation in O2•- scavenging, retention, and reduction of TNFα levels. Additionally, the optimized copolymer reduced ROS levels after systemic injection in a footpad model of inflammation. These results demonstrate the benefit of polymerizing TEMPO for in vivo efficacy and could lead to a useful antioxidant polymer formulation for next-generation anti-inflammatory treatments.

12.
J Clin Immunol ; 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650027

RESUMO

Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) represents a predominant Ca2+ influx pathway in non-excitable cells. SOCE is required for immune cell activation and is mediated by the plasma membrane (PM) channel ORAI1 and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ sensor STIM1. Mutations in the Orai1 or STIM1 genes abolish SOCE leading to combined immunodeficiency (CID), muscular hypotonia, and anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. Here, we identify a novel autosomal recessive mutation in ORAI1 in a child with CID. The patient is homozygous for p.C126R mutation in the second transmembrane domain (TM2) of ORAI1, a region with no previous loss-of-function mutations. SOCE is suppressed in the patient's lymphocytes, which is associated with impaired T cell proliferation and cytokine production. Functional analyses demonstrate that the p.C126R mutation does not alter protein expression but disrupts ORAI1 trafficking. Orai1-C126R does not insert properly into the bilayer resulting in ER retention. Insertion of an Arg on the opposite face of TM2 (L135R) also results in defective folding and trafficking. We conclude that positive side chains within ORAI1 TM2 are not tolerated and result in misfolding, defective bilayer insertion, and channel trafficking thus abolishing SOCE and resulting in CID.

13.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 5909612, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33728332

RESUMO

Background: The outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has become a global public health emergency. Objective: To evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of patients with COVID-19 in Anhui and to identify predictors of viral clearance. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the data collected from discharged patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infections. We compared clinical features between viral clearance and viral persistence, and evaluated factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 shedding using multiple linear regression. Results: Among the 83 patients involved in the study, the median age was 43 years, while 60.2% were male, 35.4% had comorbidities, and the mortality was zero. The median time from illness onset to admission was 5 days (interquartile range (IQR), 2-7 days), and the median time from the illness onset to SARS-CoV-2 RNA detection was 16 days (IQR, 13-18 days). The factors influencing viral clearance were as follows: (1) delayed admission (beta 1.057, 95% CI 0.810-1.304; p ≤ 0.001) and (2) underlying comorbidities (beta 1.907, 95% CI 0.198-3.616; p = 0.029). No significant differences were observed in the length of stay (p = 0.246) and pneumonia between asymptomatic and symptomatic patients based on computed tomography (CT) (p = 0.124). Conclusions: Delayed admission and underlying comorbidities may effectively predict SARS-CoV-2 RNA clearance. For those infected with SARS-CoV-2, even asymptomatic patients without any clinical symptoms should be traced and isolated. This practice may reduce the spread of SARS-CoV-2 and slow the COVID-19 pandemic caused by the virus. Clinical Trial Registration Number: This trial is registered with 2020-051.


Assuntos
Infecções Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , /virologia , /genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Comorbidade , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , RNA Viral/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Eliminação de Partículas Virais/genética , Adulto Jovem
14.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683466

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients with cleft lip-cleft palate (CLP) often require orthodontic treatment, with or without orthognathic surgery. Patient satisfaction is the most important outcome parameter in orthodontic treatment. This study aimed to (1) determine patient satisfaction and quality of life (QoL) after orthodontic treatment and (2) identify associated factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study recruited patients with CLP who had completed orthodontic treatment at a craniofacial center in Taiwan. Participants (N=213) had received treatment for unilateral CLP (n=99), bilateral CLP (n=50), cleft lip and alveolus (n=39), and isolated cleft palate (n=25). Self-report questionnaires evaluated satisfaction with appearance and QoL; multiple regression analysis examined associated factors. Participants' expectations of treatment results were also reported. RESULTS: Participants reported moderate satisfaction with facial appearance and QoL. Satisfaction with treatment was lower or much lower than expected for 13% of participants. Treatment for bilateral CLP was associated with the lowest satisfaction with overall appearance (r = -8.123, P < 0.05); participants who had received orthognathic surgery had the highest satisfaction (r = 5.534, P < 0.05). Treatment for unilateral and bilateral CLP was associated with low QoL for smile (both P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Orthodontic treatment had a positive effect on facial appearance and quality of life in patients with CLP. Type of cleft and orthognathic surgery significantly influenced satisfaction with facial appearance. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Efforts must be taken to modify treatment strategies for patients with bilateral CLP in order to improve satisfaction with appearance following treatment.

15.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(5)2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33760123

RESUMO

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from oral pathogenic bacteria is an important factor leading to alveolar bone absorption and the implant failure. The present study aimed to evaluate the modulation of berberine hydrochloride (BBR) on the LPS-mediated osteogenesis and adipogenesis imbalance in rat bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Cell viability, osteoblastic and adipogenic differentiation levels were measured using the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and content assay, and oil red O staining, respectively. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and immunoblotting were used to detect the related gene and protein expression levels. In undifferentiated cells, BBR increased the mRNA expression levels of the osteoblastic genes (Alp, RUNX family transcription factor 2, osteocalcin and secreted phosphoprotein 1) but not the adipogenic genes (fatty acid binding protein 4, Adipsin and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptorγ). LPS-induced osteoblastic gene downregulation, adipogenic gene enhancement and NF-κB activation were reversed by BBR treatment. In osteoblastic differentiated cells, decreased ALP production by LPS treatment was recovered with BBR co-incubation. In adipogenic differentiated cells, LPS-mediated lipid accumulation was decreased by BBR administration. The mRNA expression levels of the pro-inflammatory factors (MCP-1, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß) were increased by LPS under both adipogenic and osteoblastic conditions, which were effectively ameliorated by BBR. The actions of BBR were attenuated by compound C, suggesting that the role of BBR may be partly due to AMP-activated protein kinase activation. The results demonstrated notable pro-osteogenic and anti-adipogenic actions of BBR in a LPS-stimulated inflammatory environment. This indicated a potential role of BBR for bacterial infected-related peri-implantitis medication.

16.
J Hazard Mater ; 415: 125511, 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740715

RESUMO

There are challenges in developing multifunctional materials that can not only effectively adsorb but also completely eliminate organic contaminants in water. In this work, novel ZnO/biochar nanocomposites were synthesized using a facile ball-milling method. A series of characterization results showed that the ZnO nanoparticles dispersed uniformly on carbon surface within the biochar matrix. Ball milling increased the mesopores and macropores of the nanocomposites by breaking biochar and squeezing ZnO. The addition of appropriate amount of ZnO into biochar enhanced both the adsorption capacity and photocatalytic ability of the nanocomposites for methylene blue (MB) removal. When the initial concentration of MB was 160 mg/g, the nanocomposites exhibited high MB removal efficiency (up to 95.19%) under visible light through the combination of adsorption and photocatalysis. This work provides a feasible synthesis of metal oxide/biochar nanocomposites with excellent adsorption and photocatalysis properties for the treatment of organic dye wastewater.

17.
J Nutr ; 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33768223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although recent studies have revealed an association between the composition of the gut microbiota and obesity, whether specific gut microbiota cause obesity has not been determined. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine the causal relationship between specific gut microbiota and abdominal obesity. Based on genome-wide association study (GWAS) summary statistics, we performed a 2-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis to evaluate whether the gut microbiota affects abdominal obesity. METHODS: Gut microbiota GWAS in 1126 twin pairs (age range, 18-89 years; 89% were females) from the TwinsUK study were used as exposure data. The primary outcome tested was trunk fat mass (TFM) GWAS in 492,805 participants (age range, 40-69 years; 54% were females) from the UK Biobank. The gut microbiota were classified at family, genus, and species levels. A feature was defined as a distinct family, genus, or species. MR analysis was mainly performed by an inverse variance-weighted test or Wald ratio test, depending on the number of instrumental variables (IVs) involved. A sensitivity analysis was performed on significant results by a weighted median test and a weighted genetic risk score (GRS) analysis. RESULTS: Results of MR analyses provided evidence of a causal association between 3 microbiota features and TFM, including 1 family [Lachnosiraceae; P = 0.02; ß = 0.001 (SEE, 4.28 × 10-4)], 1 genus [Bifidobacterium; P = 5.0 × 10-9; ß = -0.08 (SEE, 0.14)], and 1 species [Prausnitzii; P = 0.03; ß = -0.007 (SEE, 0.003)]. Both the weighted median test and GRS analysis successfully validated the association of the genetically predicted family, Lachnosiraceae (Pweighted median = 0.03; PGRS = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provided evidence of a causal association between gut microbiota and TFM in UK adults and identified specific bacteria taxa that may regulate the fat metabolism, thus offering new direction for the treatment of obesity.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recruiting older adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia into clinical trials is challenging requiring multiple approaches. We describe recruitment and screening processes and results from the FIT-AD Trial, a single site, pilot randomized controlled trial testing the effects of a 6-month aerobic exercise intervention on cognition and hippocampal volume in community-dwelling older adults with mild-to moderate AD dementia. METHODS: Ten recruitment strategies and a four-step screening process were used to ensure a homogenous sample and exercise safety. The initial target sample was 90 participants over 48 months which was increased to 96 to allow those in the screening process to enroll if qualified. A tertiary analysis of recruitment and screening rates, recruitment yields and costs, and demographic characteristics of participants was conducted. RESULTS: During the 48-month recruiting period, 396 potential participants responded to recruitment efforts, 301 individuals were reached and 103 were tentatively qualified. Of these, 67 (69.8%) participants completed the optional magnetic resonance (MRI) imaging and seven were excluded due to abnormal MRI findings. As a result, we enrolled 96 participants with a 2.92 screen ratio, 2.14 recruitment rate, and 31.9% recruitment yield. Referrals (28.1%) and Alzheimer's Association events/services (21.9%) yielded over 49% of the enrolled participants. Total recruitment cost was $ 38,246 or $ 398 per randomized participant. CONCLUSIONS: A multi-prong approach involving extensive community outreach was essential in recruiting older adults with AD dementia into a single-site trial. For every randomized participant, three individuals needed to be screened. Referrals were the most cost-effective recruitment strategy.

19.
Theranostics ; 11(9): 4078-4089, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754049

RESUMO

Inflammatory cytokines produced by muscularis macrophages largely contribute to the pathological signs of postoperative ileus (POI). Electroacupuncture (EA) can suppress inflammation, mainly or partly via activation of vagal efferent. The goal of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which EA stimulation at an hindlimb region ameliorates inflammation in POI. Methods: Intestinal motility and inflammation were examined after 24 h after intestinal manipulation (IM)-induced POI in mice. Local immune response in the intestinal muscularis, expression of macrophages, α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR), Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) were determined by flow cytometry, Western Blot, qPCR and immunofluorescence. The effects of α7nAChR antagonists (methyllycaconitine and α-bungarotoxin) and JAK2/STAT3 inhibitors (AG490 and WP1066) were also administered in a subset of mice prior to EA. In the parasympathetic pathways, intestinal motility and inflammation were determined after cervical vagotomy and sub-diaphragmatic vagotomy. The expression of gamma absorptiometry aminobutyric acid (GABAA) receptor in dorsal motor nucleus of vagal (DMV) cholinergic neurons was assessed by immunofluorescence and the response to DMV microinjection of bicuculine (antagonist of GABAA receptor) or muscimol (agonist of GABAA receptor) were assessed. Results: EA suppressed intestinal inflammation and promoted gastrointestinal motility. Mechanistically, EA activated the α7nAChR-mediated JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in macrophages which reduced the production of inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, we also demonstrated that hindlimb region stimulation drove vagal efferent output by inhibiting the expression of GABAA receptor in DMV to ameliorate inflammation. Conclusions: The present study revealed that EA of hindlimb regions inhibited the expression of GABAA receptor in DMV neurons, whose excited vagal nerve, in turn suppressed IM-induced inflammation via activation of α7nAChR-mediated JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

20.
Mar Drugs ; 19(3)2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652919

RESUMO

Bioactive peptides isolated from marine organisms have shown to have potential anti-inflammatory effects. This study aimed to investigate the intestinal protection effect of low molecular peptides (Mw < 1 kDa) produced through enzymatic hydrolysis of tuna processing waste (tuna bioactive peptides (TBP)) on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis (UC) in BALB/c mice. Here, we randomly divided twenty-four male BALB/c mice into four groups: (i) normal (untreated), (ii) DSS-induced model colitis, (iii) low dose TBP+DSS-treated (200 mg/kg/d), and (iv) high dose TBP+DSS-treated groups (500 mg/kg/d). The results showed that TBP significantly reduced mice weight loss and improved morphological and pathological characteristics of colon tissues. In addition, it increased the activities of antioxidant enzymes (SOD and GSH-Px) and decreased inflammatory factors (LPS, IL-6, and TNF-α) expression. TBP increased the gene expression levels of some tight junction (TJ) proteins. Moreover, TBP increased the short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) levels and the diversity and imbalance of intestinal flora. Therefore, TBP plays some protective roles in the intestinal tract by enhancing antioxidant and anti-inflammatory abilities of the body, improving the intestinal barrier and metabolic abnormalities, and adjusting intestinal flora imbalance.

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