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1.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 139-154, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35475028

RESUMO

Ligamentum flavum (LF) hypertrophy (LFH) has been recognised as one of the key contributors to lumbar spinal stenosis. Currently, no effective methods are available to ameliorate this hypertrophy. In this study, human umbilical cord mesenchymal stromal cell-derived extracellular vesicles (hUCMSC-EVs) were introduced for the first time as promising vehicles for drug delivery to treat LFH. The downregulation of miR-146a-5p and miR-221-3p expressions in human LF tissues negatively correlated with increased LF thickness. The hUCMSC-EVs enriched with these two miRNAs significantly suppressed LFH in vivo and notably ameliorated the progression of transforming growth factor ß1(TGF-ß1)-induced fibrosis in vitro after delivering these two miRNAs to mouse LF cells. The results further demonstrated that miR-146a-5p and miR-221-3p directly bonded to the 3'-UTR regions of SMAD4 mRNA, thereby inhibiting the TGF-ß/SMAD4 signalling pathway. Therefore, this translational study determined the effectiveness of a hUCMSC-EVs-based approach for the treatment of LFH and revealed the critical target of miR-146a-5p and miR-221-3p. Our findings provide new insights into promising therapeutics using a hUCMSC-EVs-based delivery system for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503261

RESUMO

FUS::ERG rearrangement is a recurrent abnormality seen in a subgroup of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a poor prognosis. We described here a novel HNRNPH1::ERG rearrangement in a de novo AML. The patient was unresponsive to routine chemotherapy and succumbed to the disease just 3 months after diagnosis. Two additional cases of AML with HNRNPH1::ERG rearrangement were discovered by searching a publicly available sequencing database. The three patients share several clinical phenotypes with the FUS::ERG rearranged AML, including high blast count at diagnosis, pediatric or young adult-onset, and poor overall survival. In addition, hnRNPH1 and FUS are both hnRNP family members, a group of RNA-biding proteins functioning in RNA metabolism and transport. Therefore, we suggest that patients with HNRNPH1::ERG or FUS::ERG rearrangement belong to the same distinct clinicopathologic subtype of AML, i.e., AML with ERG rearrangement. Based on a previous study showing that FUS::ERG binds to the retinoic acid-responsive elements (RARE) and that All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) induced cell differentiation of AML cells, we support the clinical evaluation of an APL-like therapeutic regimen for AML with ERG rearrangement.

4.
Exp Ther Med ; 23(6): 368, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35495609

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to identify potential key candidate genes and mechanisms associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Gene expression data from GSE55235, GSE55457 and GSE1919 datasets were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. These datasets comprised 78 tissue samples collectively, including 25 healthy synovial membrane samples and 28 RA synovial membrane samples, whilst the 25 osteoarthritis (OA) samples were not included in the analysis. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the two types of samples were identified with the Linear Models for Microarray Analysis package in R. Gene Ontology (GO) functional term and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) signaling pathway enrichment analyses were also performed. In addition, Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) network and module analyses were visualized using Cytoscape, and subsequent hub gene identification as well as GO and KEGG enrichment analyses of the modules was performed. Finally, reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to validate the expression of the DEGs identified by GO and KEGG analysis in vitro. The analysis identified 491 DEGs, including 289 upregulated and 202 downregulated genes, which were mainly enriched in the following pathways: 'Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction', 'Rheumatoid arthritis', 'Chemokine signaling pathway', 'Intestinal immune network for IgA production' and 'Primary immunodeficiency'. The top 10 hub genes identified from the PPI network were IL-6, protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type C, VEGFA, CD86, EGFR, C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4, matrix metalloproteinase 9, CC-chemokine receptor type (CCR)7, CCR5 and selectin L. KEGG signaling pathway enrichment analysis of the top two modules identified from the PPI network revealed that the genes in Module 1 were mainly enriched in the 'Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction' and 'Chemokine signaling pathway', whereas analysis of Module 2 revealed that the genes were mainly enriched in 'Primary immunodeficiency' and 'Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction'. Finally, the results of the RT-qPCR and western blot analysis demonstrated that the expression levels of inflammation and NF-κB signaling pathway-related mRNAs were significantly upregulated following lipopolysaccharide stimulation. In conclusion, the findings of the present study identified key genes and signaling pathways associated with RA, which may improve the current understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying its development and progression. The identified hub genes may also be used as potential targets for RA diagnosis and treatment.

5.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 85(5): 549-553, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The comprehensive surveillance for interval changes in signal-averaged P-wave (SAPW) after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) remains lacking. We aimed to analyze the SAPW parameters before and after PVI and explored their link to the left atrial electrical properties. METHODS: Eighteen patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation receiving primary catheter ablation were enrolled. SAPW parameters, including root mean square voltages in the last 40, 30, and 20 ms (RMS40, RMS30, and RMS20, respectively), the total P-wave (RMSt), the integral of P-wave potentials (Int-p), and P-wave duration (fPWD), were measured before and after PVI and correlated to the left atrial activation time (LAT) and mean left atrial voltage (LAV) from electro-anatomical mapping. RESULTS: Compared with the SAPW before PVI, fPWD (before vs after PVI: 144.1 ± 5.2 vs 135.1 ± 11.9 ms, p = 0.02), Int-p (687.4 ± 173.1 vs 559 ± 202.5 mVms, p = 0.01), and RMSt (6.44 ± 1.3 vs 5.44 ± 2.0 mV, p = 0.04) all decreased after PVI. RMS20, RMS30, and RMS40 showed no significant difference. Similarly, LAT (97.5 ± 9.3 vs 90.5 ± 9.3 ms, p = 0.008) and LAV (1.37 ± 0.27 vs 0.96 ± 0.31 mV, p = 0.001) decreased after PVI. Although consistent changes after PVI were observed between SAPW parameters and LAT or LAV, no linear correlation was observed among them. CONCLUSION: The consistent changes in SAPW and left atrial electrical properties after PVI suggest that SAPW may be used as a noninvasive tool to monitor the responses to PVI.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Veias Pulmonares , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Eletrocardiografia , Átrios do Coração , Humanos , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e935966, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Little is known of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) variations in septic shock. Hence, the predictive value of procalcitonin (PCT) and NLR variations for septic shock in bloodstream infection were explored. MATERIAL AND METHODS We analyzed 146 patients with bloodstream infection admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from October 2016 to May 2020. PCT and NLR were evaluated at 0 and 48 h after admission, and their variations (ΔPCT and DNLR) were calculated. The patients were divided into a shock group (n=80) and a non-shock group (n=66) and a gram-positive cocci group (n=69) and a gram-negative bacilli group (n=77). The predictive value of ΔPCT and DNLR was compared among groups. RESULTS AUROC of NLR0h (0.756) higher than PCT0h (0.743).DPCT (0.561 vs 0.301) and ΔNLR (0.609 vs 0.361) were significantly higher in the shock group than in the non-shock group (P<0.05). No significant difference was seen in DPCT and DNLR in the gram-positive cocci infection group. However, the gram-negative bacilli infection group showed a significant difference in ΔPCT (0.606 vs 0.312) and ΔNLR (0.872 vs 0.508) between the shock and non-shock groups (P<0.05). ΔPCT+ΔNLR showed the best area under the curve (0.937), with a high sensitivity (78.80%) and specificity (90.80%), for predicting septic shock. CONCLUSIONS The prediction efficiency of initial NLR is higher than that of PCT. ΔPCT+ΔNLR best predicted septic shock in patients with bloodstream infections, with better accuracy for gram-negative infections.


Assuntos
Sepse , Choque Séptico , Humanos , Linfócitos , Neutrófilos , Pró-Calcitonina , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 863750, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35517787

RESUMO

Background: Although many genes related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) have been explored in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), their prognostic significance still needs further analysis. Methods: Differentially expressed EMT-related genes were obtained through the integrated analysis of 4 Gene expression omnibus (GEO) datasets. The univariate Cox regression and Lasso Cox regression models are utilized to determine the EMT-related gene signature. Based on the results of multivariate Cox regression, a predictive nomogram is established. Time-dependent ROC curve and calibration curve are used to show the distinguishing ability and consistency of the nomogram. Finally, we explored the correlation between EMT risk score and immune immunity. Results: We identified a nine EMT-related gene signature to predict the survival outcome of HCC patients. Based on the EMT risk score's median, HCC patients in each dataset were divided into high and low-risk groups. The survival outcomes of HCC patients in the high-risk group were significantly worse than those in the low-risk group. The prediction nomogram based on the EMT risk score has better distinguishing ability and consistency. High EMT risk score was related to immune infiltration. Conclusion: The nomogram based on the EMT risk score can reliably predict the survival outcome of HCC patients, thereby providing benefits for medical decisions.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 714658, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35517809

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the respective use of angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACEis) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) on the outcomes of patients who could be weaned from dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury (AKI-D). Methods: This case-control study enrolled 41,731 patients who were weaned from AKI-D for at least 7 days from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Administration. We further grouped AKI-D patients according to ACEi and ARB use to evaluate subsequent risks of all-cause mortality and re-dialysis. The outcomes included the all-cause mortality and new-onset of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD; re-dialysis) following withdraw from AKI-D. Results: A total of 17,141 (41.1%) patients surviving AKI-D could be weaned from dialysis for at least 7 days. The overall events of mortality were 366 (48.9%) in ACEi users, 659 (52.1%) in ARB users, and 6,261 (41.3%) in ACEi/ARB nonusers, during a mean follow-up period of 1.01 years after weaning from AKI-D. In regard to all-cause of mortality, pre-dialysis ARB users had lower incidence than ACEi users [hazard ratio (HR 0.82), p = 0.017]. Compared with ACEi/ARB nonusers, continuing ARB users had a significantly low risk of long-term all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 0.51, p = 0.013) after propensity score matching. However, new users of ACEi at the acute kidney disease (AKD) period had a higher risk of re-dialysis after weaning than ACEi/ARB nonusers (aHR 1.82, p < 0.001), whereas neither ACEi nor ARB users confronted significantly increased risks of hyperkalemia after weaning. Conclusions: Compared with patients without ACEi/ARB, those continuing to use ARB before the event and after weaning had low all-cause mortality, while new users of ACEi at AKD had increased risk of re-dialysis. AKI-D patients continuing to use ACEi or ARB did not have higher risk of hyperkalemia. Future prospective randomized trials are expected to confirm these findings.

10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506738

RESUMO

Highly enantioselective palladium-catalyzed dearomative reductive Heck reaction and domino Heck-Suzuki reaction of 2-CF3-indoles have been developed. Using Pd(OAc)2/(R)-Synphos as the catalyst and Et3SiH as a hydride source, a variety of indolines bearing a 2-trifluoromethyl quaternary stereocenter were obtained via a dearomative reductive Heck reaction. Alternatively, using Pd(dba)2/phosphoramidite as the catalyst and Ar4BNa as a coupling partner, structurally diverse indolines containing two vicinal carbon stereocenters were afforded through the domino dearomative Heck-Suzuki reaction.

11.
Clin Interv Aging ; 17: 589-599, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35497053

RESUMO

Purpose: Severe complications, including screw loosening events and low fusion rates, in spinal fusion surgery using the traditional open method are problematic. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the rate of screw loosening and the clinical outcomes of bone-mounted miniature robot-assisted pedicle screw placement in patients treated for degenerative spinal disease. Patients and Methods: Data were collected from the medical records of 118 patients (mean age, 69 years). Differences in clinical outcomes, including the Oswestry disability index, visual analog scale score, screw loosening rate, cage fusion rate, and complications, were evaluated among different bone mineral densities. Results: The screw loosening and cage fusion rates for all patients, normal bone mineral density, osteopenia, and osteoporosis groups were 12%, 8.6%, 13.1%, and 14%, respectively, and 85.3%, 93%, 82.5%, and 81.4%, respectively. There was a higher screw loosening rate and a lower cage fusion rate in the osteopenia and osteoporosis groups than in the normal bone density group. The accuracy of the screw placement was 97.3%. There were no statistically significant differences in the Oswestry disability index and visual analog scale scores, and no major complications for dural tear or vascular or visceral injury. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated an acceptable screw loosening rate in patients with osteoporosis compared to that in patients with normal bone mineral density. The robotic system resulted in accurate screw placement in patients with osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Osteoporose , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Idoso , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Osteoporose/cirurgia , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos
12.
Plant Divers ; 44(2): 141-152, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35505989

RESUMO

Ferns and lycophytes have remarkably large genomes. However, little is known about how their genome size evolved in fern lineages. To explore the origins and evolution of chromosome numbers and genome size in ferns, we used flow cytometry to measure the genomes of 240 species (255 samples) of extant ferns and lycophytes comprising 27 families and 72 genera, of which 228 species (242 samples) represent new reports. We analyzed correlations among genome size, spore size, chromosomal features, phylogeny, and habitat type preference within a phylogenetic framework. We also applied ANOVA and multinomial logistic regression analysis to preference of habitat type and genome size. Using the phylogeny, we conducted ancestral character reconstruction for habitat types and tested whether genome size changes simultaneously with shifts in habitat preference. We found that 2C values had weak phylogenetic signal, whereas the base number of chromosomes (x) had a strong phylogenetic signal. Furthermore, our analyses revealed a positive correlation between genome size and chromosome traits, indicating that the base number of chromosomes (x), chromosome size, and polyploidization may be primary contributors to genome expansion in ferns and lycophytes. Genome sizes in different habitat types varied significantly and were significantly correlated with habitat types; specifically, multinomial logistic regression indicated that species with larger 2C values were more likely to be epiphytes. Terrestrial habitat is inferred to be ancestral for both extant ferns and lycophytes, whereas transitions to other habitat types occurred as the major clades emerged. Shifts in habitat types appear be followed by periods of genomic stability. Based on these results, we inferred that habitat type changes and multiple whole-genome duplications have contributed to the formation of large genomes of ferns and their allies during their evolutionary history.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510163

RESUMO

Background: Long-acting beta-agonists (LABA) and long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMA) combination therapy improved lung function and health-related quality-of-life and reduced exacerbation rates and dyspnea in symptomatic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. We compared the real-world effects of three fixed-dose LABA/LAMA combinations for COPD in Taiwan. Methods: This multicenter, retrospective study evaluated 1-year outcomes after LABA/LAMA combination therapy in patients with symptomatic COPD. Exacerbations and symptoms of COPD, lung functions, and therapy escalation were compared among patients using tiotropium/olodaterol, umeclidinium/vilanterol and indacaterol/glycopyrronium. Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to balance the baseline characteristics. Results: Data of 1,617 patients were collected. After PSM, time to first moderate-to-severe COPD exacerbation was comparable among three groups, while the annualized rates of the exacerbation (episodes/patient/year) in patients receiving tiotropium/olodaterol (0.19) or umeclidinium/vilanterol (0.17) were significantly lower than those receiving indacaterol/glycopyrronium (0.38). COPD-related symptoms were stable over the treatment period, and there was no significant difference in the changes of symptom scores including CAT and mMRC among three groups at the end of the study period. Conclusion: This study presented valuable real-world outcome in terms of exacerbation and treatment response of COPD patients treated with fixed-dose LABA/LAMA regimens in Taiwan. The annualized rates of moderate-to-severe exacerbation in patients receiving tiotropium/olodaterol or umeclidinium/vilanterol were significantly lower than those receiving indacaterol/glycopyrronium, though the time to first moderate-to-severe exacerbation was similar among different fixed-dose LABA/LAMA combinations.


Assuntos
Glicopirrolato , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2 , Benzoxazinas , Álcoois Benzílicos , Broncodilatadores , Clorobenzenos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Glicopirrolato/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Indanos , Antagonistas Muscarínicos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Quinolonas , Quinuclidinas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan , Brometo de Tiotrópio/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Front Psychol ; 13: 847602, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35548517

RESUMO

COVID-19 mortality rates are increasing worldwide, which has led to many highly restrictive precautionary measures and a strong sense of anxiety about the outbreak for many people around the world. There is thus an increasing concern about COVID-19 anxiety, resulting in recommending approaches for effective self-care. From a positive psychology perspective, it is also important for people to have positive affect when dealing with this pandemic. According to previous literature, respiration is considered to be an effective way to enhance people's mental health. Among all the wearable devices, Apple Watch has the largest market share, so this study recruited Chinese users that use respiration exercise function on Apple Watch; a total of 316 valid data were retrieved. Meanwhile, to understand one approach related to using Apple Watch to practice respiration to reduce COVID-19 anxiety about being infected during the COVID-19 outbreak, this study used a web-based cross-sectional survey to examine anxiety about being infected by COVID-19 among Chinese people who had been using the Apple Watch to practice respiration during the period of the COVID-19 outbreak. The study was based on the Health Theoretical Model, and the model was developed with four dimensions and was validated with structural equation modeling. The results of this study showed that practicing few minutes had a positive relationship on positive attitude, and positive attitude had a negative relationship on pandemic anxiety and a positive relationship on continuance use intention. Anxiety about the pandemic had a negative relationship on the intention to continue using the function. This showed that respiration practice can help to suppress the increase in anxiety levels regarding this pandemic.

15.
Neuroscience ; 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35569642

RESUMO

Characterizing the functional involvement of specific brain regions has long been a central challenge in cognitive neuroscience. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) techniques have offered solutions for mapping functional neural networks. The complex nature of brain-function correspondence makes an elaborate task design difficult to fully capture higher-order cognitive function. Other research practices, such as brain-behavior association or between-group comparisons, are thus widely used to explore cognitive correlations with specific brain regions. However, interpreting the results derived from a specific brain region with their underlying cognitive functions has been too general in publications. Here, we use two examples, i.e., a brain-intelligence correlation study and a depression-control comparison meta-study, to demonstrate use of two neuroimaging online databases, BrainMap and Neurosynth. One key utility of the two databases is the collecting results from massive cognitive task-based fMRI (tb-fMRI) studies, i.e., coordinates in standard brain space. Just like looking up a "coordinate-based cognition dictionary", researchers can receive a plethora of related tb-fMRI activation information characterized by cognitive domains, specific cognitive functions, cognitive task paradigms, and related publications. Surprisingly, we found that only less than 1% of brain-behavior association or between-group comparison studies have utilized this dictionary approach. We encourage the community to further engage with the existing databases for specific and comprehensive interpretation of neuroimaging as well as guidance of future experimental tb-fMRI design.

16.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(8): 452, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571451

RESUMO

Background: Neoadjuvant radiotherapy (RT) for soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is widely used abroad, but rarely reported in China. We assessed the preliminary clinical outcomes of preoperative RT followed by surgery in patients with STS. Methods: A total of 19 patients (14 male, 5 female) with intermediate- or high-grade primary STS were treated with neoadjuvant RT in 2-Gy fractions over 25 sessions for a total dose of 50 Gy. Surgical resection was then performed. The pathologic specimens were reviewed for percentage of residual tumor cells. And the skin complications, wound complications and local recurrence and distant metastasis were also evaluated. Results: After neoadjuvant RT, 2 patients had progressive disease (PD), 6 showed a partial remission (PR), and 11 demonstrated stable disease (SD). The objective response rate (ORR) was 31.6%, and the disease control rate (DCR) was 89.5%. The median follow-up was 14.3 months (11.9-24.7 months). Six patients (31.6%) had wound complications: 3 cases of epidermal complications and 3 of severe complications (15.8%) comprising 2 cases of skin flap necrosis, and 1 case of local hematoma. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Soft Tissue and Bone Sarcoma Group (EORTC-STBSG) histopathological response score was used to evaluate the post-RT response. A total of 9 patients (47.4%) achieved pathological complete remission (pCR). No recurrence was found, but metastasis occurred in 2 patients (10.5%) in the preliminary follow-up. Conclusions: Neoadjuvant RT for STS has a quietly high DCR and pathological remission rate. Surgical wound complications can be controlled after neoadjuvant RT.

17.
Transl Cancer Res ; 11(4): 935-942, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571671

RESUMO

Background: The liver cyst is commonly treated by hepatobiliary surgery. Generally, most patients show no apparent symptoms and often get diagnosed accidentally during the imaging examinations. In addition, most patients with liver cysts follow a benign course, with fewer severe complications and rare occurrences of malignant changes. Therefore, based on disease characteristics and healthcare costs, long-term regular follow-up of liver cysts are rarely performed clinically. Case Description: Here, we reported two previously treated or observed cases for liver cysts, where intrahepatic neoplastic lesions were found unexpectedly at the liver cyst during follow-up. These two patients' clinical manifestations and laboratory examinations lacked specificity with unclear pre-operative diagnosis, whereas the post-operative pathology confirmed cholangiocarcinoma. One of the patients was a 64-year-old female with right upper abdominal distension. She underwent cyst fenestration for a liver cyst 3 years ago. In the latest admission, imaging examination revealed a tumor in the left inner lobe of the liver. The tumor was located in the exact fenestration location, and the pathological diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma was made after surgical resection. The patient received Lenvatinib post-operatively and had no recurrence during the follow-up. Another patient, a 68-year-old woman, was asymptomatic, but the liver margin was palpable under the ribs on her physical examination. She had a previous diagnosis of liver cysts and was on regular yearly follow-up. In the last follow-up, a tumor was found close to a cyst. It was diagnosed as intrahepatic cystadenocarcinoma before surgery; however, the pathological features after surgical resection were more consistent with the cholangiocarcinoma. The patient had lung metastases 2 months after the surgery, but her condition improved after receiving targeted therapy and immunotherapy. Moreover, she is alive to this day. Conclusions: We reported 2 cases of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma discovered accidentally during the follow-up of hepatic cysts. The location of the malignant tumor coincided with the location of the cyst, making the clinical differential diagnosis problematic. Therefore, it is necessary to be vigilant about the possibility of combined malignant tumors for the follow-up of complex cysts, as early detection and treatment may help improve the prognosis of these patients. After surgery, multimodal therapy, including chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy, is helpful.

18.
Front Comput Neurosci ; 16: 822237, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35573265

RESUMO

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is one of the best techniques for precise localization of abnormal brain activity non-invasively. Machine-learning approaches have been widely used in neuroimaging studies; however, few studies have investigated the single-voxel modeling of fMRI data under cognitive tasks. We proposed a hybrid one-dimensional (1D) convolutional neural network (1D-CNN) based on the temporal dynamics of single-voxel fMRI time-series and successfully differentiated two continuous task states, namely, self-initiated (SI) and visually guided (VG) motor tasks. First, 25 activation peaks were identified from the contrast maps of SI and VG tasks in a blocked design. Then, the fMRI time-series of each peak voxel was transformed into a temporal-frequency domain by using continuous wavelet transform across a broader frequency range (0.003-0.313 Hz, with a step of 0.01 Hz). The transformed time-series was inputted into a 1D-CNN model for the binary classification of SI and VG continuous tasks. Compared with the univariate analysis, e.g., amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) at each frequency band, including, wavelet-ALFF, the 1D-CNN model highly outperformed wavelet-ALFF, with more efficient decoding models [46% of 800 models showing area under the curve (AUC) > 0.61] and higher decoding accuracies (94% of the efficient models), especially on the high-frequency bands (>0.1 Hz). Moreover, our results also demonstrated the advantages of wavelet decompositions over the original fMRI series by showing higher decoding performance on all peak voxels. Overall, this study suggests a great potential of single-voxel analysis using 1D-CNN and wavelet transformation of fMRI series with continuous, naturalistic, steady-state task design or resting-state design. It opens new avenues to precise localization of abnormal brain activity and fMRI-guided precision brain stimulation therapy.

19.
Environ Int ; 164: 107276, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35537366

RESUMO

Brown carbon (BrC)/water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) plays a crucial role in glacier melting. A quantitative evaluation of the light absorption characteristics of WSOC on glacier melting is urgently needed, as the WSOC release from glaciers potentially affects the hydrological cycle, downstream ecological balance, and the global carbon cycle. In this work, the optical properties and composition of WSOC in surface snow/ice on four Tibetan Plateau (TP) glaciers were investigated using a three-dimensional fluorescence spectrometer and electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. The total light-absorption of WSOC in snow/ice at 250-400 nm (ultraviolet region) and 400-600 nm (visible region) accounted for about 60.42% and 27.17% of the light absorption by the total organics, respectively. Two protein-like substances (PRLIS), one humic-like substance (HULIS), and one undefined species of chromophores in snow/ice on the TP glacier surfaces were identified. The lignins and lipids were the main compounds in the TP glaciers and were presented as CHO and CHNO molecules, while CHNOS molecules were only observed in the southeast TP glacier. The light absorption capacity of WSOC in snow/ice was mainly affected by their oxidizing properties. PRLIS and undefined species were closely linked to microbial sources and the local environment of the glaciers (lignins and lipids), while HULIS was significantly affected by anthropogenic emissions (protein/amino sugars). Radiative forcing (RF)-induced by WSOC relative to black carbon were accounted for about 11.62 ± 12.07% and 8.40 ± 10.37% in surface snow and granular ice, respectively. The RF was estimated to be 1.14 and 6.36 W m-2 in surface snow and granular ice, respectively, during the melt season in the central TP glacier. These findings contribute to our understanding of WSOC's impact on glaciers and could serve as a baseline for WSOC research in cryospheric science.

20.
Preprint em Inglês | bioRxiv | ID: ppbiorxiv-490381

RESUMO

While SARS-CoV-2 pathogenesis has been intensively investigated, the host mechanisms of viral clearance and inflammation resolution are still elusive because of the ethical limitation of human studies based on COVID-19 convalescents. Here we infected Syrian hamsters by authentic SARS-CoV-2 and built an ideal model to simulate the natural recovery process of SARS-CoV-2 infection from severe pneumonia1,2. We developed and applied a spatial transcriptomic sequencing technique with subcellular resolution and tissue-scale extensibility, i.e., Stereo-seq3, together with single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq), to the entire lung lobes of 45 hamsters and obtained an elaborate map of the pulmonary spatiotemporal changes from acute infection, severe pneumonia to the late viral clearance and inflammation resolution. While SARS-CoV-2 infection caused massive damages to the hamster lungs, including naive T cell infection and deaths related to lymphopenia, we identified a group of monocyte-derived proliferating Slamf9+Spp1+ macrophages, which were SARS-CoV-2 infection-inducible and cell death-resistant, recruiting neutrophils to clear viruses together. After viral clearance, the Slamf9+Spp1+ macrophages differentiated into Trem2+ and Fbp1+ macrophages, both responsible for inflammation resolution and replenishment of alveolar macrophages. The existence of this specific macrophage subpopulation and its descendants were validated by RNAscope in hamsters, immunofluorescence in hACE2 mice, and public human autopsy scRNA-seq data of COVID-19 patients. The spatiotemporal landscape of SARS-CoV-2 infection in hamster lungs and the identification of Slamf9+Spp1+ macrophages that is pivotal to viral clearance and inflammation resolution are important to better understand the critical molecular and cellular players of COVID-19 host defense and also develop potential interventions of COVID-19 immunopathology.

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