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1.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 35(4): 665-674, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pouch prolapse is a rare pouch complication which often leads to pouch failure in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. Its exact cause remains unknown. Floppy pouch complex (FPC) was defined as the presence of any one of the following pouch disorders: pouch prolapse, afferent limb syndrome (ALS), redundant loop, and pouch folding. We aimed to explore the role of peripouch fat area in the occurrence of pouch prolapse and FPC. METHODS: Pouch patients with available pouchoscopy and abdominal CT scans who were followed up between 2011 and 2017 in Cleveland Clinic were reviewed. Peripouch fat was measured on CT images. RESULTS: Of the 93 included patients, 31 were females; 87 had J pouches and 6 had S pouches. The median duration of pouch was 8.0 (interquartile range [IQR] 5.0-16.5) years. A total of 18 cases (19.4%, 18/93) were identified as FPC, including 12 pouch prolapse, 5 ALS, 1 redundant loop, and 3 pouch folding. Patients with pouch prolapse had lower peripouch fat area (13.6 (9.3-18.5) vs. 27.6 (11.0-46.2)cm2, P = 0.022) than those without. Patients with FPC had lower peripouch fat area (15.4 (11.4-20.6) vs. 27.6 (11.0-46.9)cm2, P = 0.040) than those without. Univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that lower peripouch fat area, lower weight, and family history of IBD were independent predictors of pouch prolapse and FPC. CONCLUSIONS: A lower peripouch fat area was observed in inflammatory bowel disease patients with pouch prolapse and FPC. Longitudinal studies are needed to further elucidate the role of peripouch fat in the pathogenesis of pouch prolapse and FPC.

2.
Surg Oncol ; 31: 67-74, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541909

RESUMO

The molecular mechanisms governing the metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC) are incompletely understood. In the present study, we found NOVA1 to be expressed at higher levels in CRC cell lines and tissue samples, and this upregulation was positively correlated with TNM stage (p = 0.034), poor differentiation (p = 0.001), and lymph node metastasis (p = 0.008). Both overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) were both significantly decreased in patients with high NOVA1 expression relative to those with low expression. Through a multivariate analysis, we determined that NOVA1 independently predicted poor outcomes in those with CRC. In further functional studies, we found that NOVA1 expression controlled the proliferation and invasive characteristics of CRC cells via a mechanism wherein NOVA1 bound and stabilized the IL6 mRNA, enhancing IL-6/JAK2/STAT3 signaling to in turn upregulate matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) 2, 7, and 9. NOVA1 therefore plays key functional roles in regulating CRC progression, and our results further indicate that it serve as a valuable prognostic biomarker and potentially a target for therapeutic treatment in individuals with CRC.

3.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 24(2): 141-152, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30612269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Simultaneous detection of multiple molecular biomarkers is helpful in the prediction of treatment response and prognosis for colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. METHODS: A 22-gene panel consisting of 103 hotspot regions was utilized in the formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue samples of 207 CRC patients, using the next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based multiplex PCR technique. Those 22 genes included AKT1, ALK, BRAF, CTNNB1, DDR2, EGFR, ERBB2, ERBB4, FBXW7, FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3, KRAS, MAP2K1, MET, NOTCH1, NRAS, PIK3CA, PTEN, SMAD4, STK11, and TP53. RESULTS: Of the 207 patients, 193 had one or more variants, with 170, 20, and 3 having one, two, and three mutated genes, respectively. Of the total 414 variants identified in this study, 384, 25, and 5 were single-nucleotide variants, deletion, and insertion. The top four frequently mutated genes were TP53, KRAS, PIK3CA, and FBXW7. There was high consistency between the results of NGS-PCR technique and routine ARMS-PCR in KRAS and BRAF mutation detection. Univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that advanced TNM stage, elevated serum CEA, total variants number ≥ 2, AKT1 and PTEN mutation were independent predictors of shorter DFS; poor differentiation, advanced TNM stage, total variants number ≥ 2, BRAF, CTNNB1 and NRAS mutation were independent predictors of shorter OS. CONCLUSIONS: It is feasible to detect multiple gene mutations with a 22-gene panel in FFPE CRC specimens. TNM stage and total variants number ≥ 2 were independent predictors of DFS and OS. Detection of multiple gene mutations may provide additional prognostic information to TNM stage in CRC patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Mutação , Inclusão em Parafina , Transcriptoma , Idoso , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Feminino , Formaldeído , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
4.
J Dig Dis ; 19(11): 685-692, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30345716

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Over the past decades, carbohydrate antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) was thought to be a tumor marker that was elevated in healthy individuals and patients with malignancies, including gastrointestinal (GI), ovarian, endometrial and lung malignancies. Furthermore, studies found that elevated serum CA72-4 might predict digestive tumors, especially gastric tumors, although there was still neither a sensitive nor specific tumor biomarker for gastric cancer (GC). This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of CA72-4 in predicting malignancies, especially GC. METHODS: Altogether 403 patients underwent a CA72-4 test after admission to the Department of Gastroenterology in Changhai Hospital, the Second Military Medical University, from 1 June 2015 to 31 October 2015. Their age and sex, main symptoms, and final diagnoses were summarized. RESULTS: The positive predictive value, negative predictive value, positive likelihood ratio and negative likelihood ratio of CA72-4 for diagnosing GC were 31.58%, 79.17%, 1.70, and 0.97, respectively. In the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, the area under the ROC curve for discriminating between patients with GC and those without was 0.62. CONCLUSION: Performing a CA72-4 test on its own is of little use for predicting malignances, especially GC, in patients with GI diseases.


Assuntos
Antígenos Glicosídicos Associados a Tumores/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 7469197, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30105243

RESUMO

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degeneration disease characterized with joint pain. The aim of the present study was to systemically review the effects of LIPUS on pain relief and functional recovery in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched manually for researches on LIPUS treatment in patients with knee OA from 1945 to July 2017. Two investigators independently selected the studies according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted the concerned data, and assessed the included studies. Meta-analysis was performed to evaluate VAS, WOMAC, and ambulation speed between control and LIPUS groups. Results: Five studies were selected in this study. Compared with control group, LIPUS group received a decrease of pain intensity with moderate heterogeneity (-0.79, 95% CI, -1.57 to 0.00; I2 = 65%, P = 0.04) by VAS and improvement in knee function by WOMAC (-5.30, 95% CI, -2.88 to -7.71; I2 = 44%, P = 0.17). No significant improvement was found in ambulation speed (0.08 m/s, 95% CI, -0.02 to 0.18 m/s; I2 = 68%, P = 0.03). Conclusion: The present study includes 5 high quality randomized controlled trials. The result indicated that LIPUS, used to treat knee OA without any adverse effect, had a beneficial effect on pain relief and knee functional recovery. More evidence is needed to prove whether LIPUS is effective in improving walking ability.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Terapia por Ultrassom/métodos , Artralgia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Ondas Ultrassônicas
6.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 7882, 2017 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28801584

RESUMO

To compare protein expression levels, gene mutation and survival among Right-Sided Colon Cancer (RSCC), Left-Sided Colon Cancer (LSCC) and rectal cancer patients, 57 cases of RSCC, 87 LSCC and 145 rectal cancer patients were included retrospectively. Our results demonstrated significant differences existed among RSCC, LSCC and rectal cancer regarding tumor diameter, differentiation, invasion depth and TNM stage. No significant difference was identified in expression levels of MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, ß-Tubulin III, P53, Ki67 and TOPIIα, and gene mutation of KRAS and BRAF among three groups. Progression Free Survival (PFS) of RSCC was significantly lower than that of LRCC and rectal cancer. In univariate analyses, RSCC, preoperative chemoradiotherapy, poor differentiation, advanced TNM stage, elevated serum CEA and CA19-9 level, tumor deposit, perineural and vascular invasion were found to be predictive factors of shorter PFS. In multivariate analyses, only differentiation and TNM stages were found to be independent predictors of PFS. In conclusion, compared with LSCC and rectal cancer, RSCC has larger tumor size, poor differentiation, advanced TNM stage and shorter survival. The shorter survival in RSCC might be attributed to the advanced tumor stage caused by its inherent position feature of proximal colon rather than genetic difference.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , Neoplasias Retais/metabolismo , Idoso , Colo/metabolismo , Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Mutação , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Proteoma/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Neoplasias Retais/genética , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Endoscopy ; 47(6): 525-8, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25590177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: We developed a novel magnetic-controlled capsule endoscopy (MCE) system for use in the human stomach. The aim of the current study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of MCE with that of standard gastroscopy for gastric diseases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 68 patients were enrolled in this self-controlled trial. Patients were evaluated by both MCE and gastroscopy. Gastroscopy was performed 4 ­â€Š24 hours after completion of the MCE examination. RESULTS: The positive percent agreement between MCE and gastroscopy was 96.0 %, and the negative percent agreement was 77.8 %. The overall agreement was 91.2 % with a kappa value of 0.765 (P < 0.001). A total of 68 pathological findings were detected, of which 53 were identified by both methods. The MCE and standard gastroscopy missed seven and eight findings, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: MCE showed a diagnostic accuracy similar to that of standard gastroscopy. These results suggest that MCE is a promising alternative to gastroscopy for noninvasive screening of gastric diseases.Clinical trial registration number: NCT01903629.


Assuntos
Endoscopia por Cápsula/métodos , Gastroscopia , Magnetismo , Gastropatias/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Endoscopia por Cápsula/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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