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Bioelectrochemistry ; 131: 107352, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494386


The designed synthesis of efficient materials can significantly enhance the performance of electrochemical immunoassay in the detection of diseases, pesticide residues and environmental pollutants. The hollow AgPt@Pt core-shell nanoparticles (AgPt@Pt HNs) have exhibited high catalytic efficiency to the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) reduction for its high mass activity from their hollow structure. Their limitation of instability can be overcome by loading on polypyrrole nanosheet (PPy NS). Besides, PPy NS exhibits good conductivity, and there exists environmentally-friendly method for its synthetic. Thus, AgPt@Pt HNs loaded on PPy NS (AgPt@Pt HNs/PPy NS) exhibits high catalytic efficiency to the reduction of H2O2 and good stability. Furthermore, the quick electron transfer of AgPt@Pt HNs/PPy NS modified glassy carbon electrode has been evidenced by the finding that the large constant of apparent electron transfer rate has also enlarged the current signal when the amount of electron is invariant. The modified electrode has fabricated a label-free amperometric immunosensor to detect sensitively prostate-specific antigen (PSA) with H2O2 as the electroactive material. The immunosensor in hollow core-shell nanosheet structure exhibiting good detection performance of PSA shows its promising applications in the clinical diagnosis.

Técnicas Biossensoriais , Eletrodos , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Platina/química , Polímeros/química , Pirróis/química , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Catálise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Limite de Detecção , Oxirredução , Antígeno Prostático Específico/análise
Biosens Bioelectron ; 142: 111580, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422222


Medically, the dynamic change of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) concentration has been an important indicator for monitoring and diagnosing tumors. The sensitive and early detection of CEA plays a momentous role in the prevention and diagnosis of cancer and the evaluation of treatment efficiency. In this work, a sensitive sandwich-type electrochemical immunosensor was fabricated for the quantitative detection of CEA. The trimetallic yolk-shell Au@AgPt nanocubes (Au@AgPt YNCs) loaded on amino-functionalized MoS2 nanoflowers (MoS2 NFs/Au@AgPt YNCs) were used as the labels to conjugate with secondary antibodies. The Au@AgPt YNCs with internal space and permeable shell improved catalytic active surface area. The nanosheet-based MoS2 NFs with good catalytic activity were used as carriers to load Au@AgPt YNCs effectively. Due to the biphasic synergistic catalysis, MoS2 NFs/Au@AgPt YNCs catalyzed the reduction of H2O2 effectually to amplify the current signal. Besides, Au triangular nanoprisms (Au TNPs) were used as substrate material to increase the effective contact areas with the surface of electrode and accelerate the interface electron transfer. Under the optimal conditions, a broad linear range from 10 fg mL-1 to 100 ng mL-1 with low detection limit of 3.09 fg mL-1 (S/N = 3) for detecting CEA was obtained. Moreover, the detection results of the human serum samples were satisfactory, indicating the fabricated immunosensor had potential application values in the early clinical analysis.

Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Dissulfetos/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Molibdênio/química , Anticorpos Imobilizados/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Ouro/química , Humanos , Imunoensaio/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Platina/química , Prata/química
Bioelectrochemistry ; 126: 92-98, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30530260


In this work, a sandwich-type electrochemical immunosensor was fabricated to quantitatively detect hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). The immunosensor was based on Rh core and Pt shell nanodendrites loaded onto amino group functionalized graphene nanosheet (RhPt NDs/NH2-GS) as label and gold nanoparticles loaded onto polypyrrole nanosheet (Au NPs/PPy NS) as platform. RhPt NDs with abundant catalytic active sites because of the branched core-shell structure, RhPt NDs/NH2-GS as the label displayed high catalytic activity, amplifying the current signal of the immunosensor. Additionally, Au NPs/PPy NS enhanced the electron transfer and provided a good microenvironment to immobilize antibodies effectively, thus improving the sensitivity of the immunosensor. Based on above advantages, the immunosensor emerged a linear concentration ranging from 0.0005 to 10 ng/mL, a low detection limit of 166 fg/mL for HBsAg (S/N = 3) and good stability, selectivity, reproducibility. Furthermore, the satisfactory accuracy in analysis of actual serum samples implied the immunosensor had promising prospect in clinical analysis applications.

Anticorpos Imobilizados/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Nanoestruturas/química , Polímeros/química , Pirróis/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Ouro/química , Grafite/química , Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite B/imunologia , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoensaio/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Platina/química , Ródio/química
Biosens Bioelectron ; 122: 231-238, 2018 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30267981


The quantitative detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is significant to assess tumor status and therapeutic efficiency. In this study, a sandwich-type amperometric immunosensor for CEA detection sensitively was fabricated by novel signal amplification system. The signal amplification system was formed by gold nanoparticles loaded on amino functionalized graphene sheet (Au NPs/NH2-GS) and gold@palladium nanodendrites loaded on ferrous-chitosan functionalized polypyrrole nanotubes (Au@Pd NDs/Fe2+-CS/PPy NTs). Au NPs/NH2-GS as platform enhanced the electron transfer proven by apparent electron transfer rate constant. Au@Pd NDs/Fe2+-CS/PPy NTs nanocomposite as label appeared high catalytic activity to hydrogen peroxide reduction. Thus, the immunosensor showed wide linear concentration range (50 fg/mL to 50 ng/mL) and low detection limit of 17 fg/mL via amperometric i-t curve (i-t). Significantly, the nanocomposite can act as electroactive substance, which provided a good method to detect CEA without additional electroactive substance via square wave voltammetry (SWV). An overlapping linear concentration range (500 fg/mL to 5.0 ng/mL) was obtained compared i-t with SWV. The good reliability was verified mutually by i-t and SWV in actual sample analysis under overlapping linear concentration range. The detection method of without additional electroactive substance has vast potential for future development, due to simple testing condition.

Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Quitosana/análogos & derivados , Ouro/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Paládio/química , Polímeros/química , Pirróis/química , Anticorpos Imobilizados/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Grafite/química , Humanos , Imunoensaio/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura