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1.
Molecules ; 27(9)2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35566002

RESUMO

Quality control of animal-derived traditional Chinese medicines has improved dramatically as proteomics research advanced in the past few decades. However, it remains challenging to identify quality attributes with routine proteomics approaches since protein with fibrinolytic activity is rarely reported in pheretima, a typical animal-derived traditional medicine. A novel strategy based on bioinformatics combined with parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) was developed here to rapidly discover the marker peptides associated with a fibrinolytic effect. Potential marker peptides were found by lumbrokinase sequences' alignment and in silico digestion. The fibrinogen zymography was used to visually identify fibrinolytic proteins in pheretima. As a result, it was found that the fibrinolytic activity varied among different portions of pheretima. Fibrinolytic proteins were distributed regionally in the anterior and anterior-mid portion and there was no significant fibrinogenolytic activity observed in the mid-posterior and posterior portion. Finally, PRM experiments were deployed to validate and quantify selected marker peptides and a total of 11 peptides were identified as marker peptides, which could be potentially used in quality control of pheretima. This strategy provides a robust workflow to benefit the quality control of other animal-derived traditional medicines.

2.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(9)2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567060

RESUMO

We propose an environmentally friendly liquid exfoliation approach and subsequent freeze-drying process for constructing a three-dimensional (3D) carbon-based network by using few-layer graphene (FLG) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding applications. Systematic characterizations-such as X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy-as well as Raman characterization and EMI shielding tests were performed. The results indicated that the as-synthesized 3D-FLG/CNT composite obtained through the freeze-drying process exhibited excellent electromagnetic interference shielding. The shielding effect of FLG could be improved from 15 to 22 dB by introducing CNTs. The CNTs inhibited restacking of FLG in the structure. We also compared two drying processes: oven drying and freeze-drying. The freeze-drying technique markedly improved the shielding effect of FLG/CNTs from 22 to 36 dB. The composition-optimized 3D-FLG/CNT composite could be a candidate material for use in EMI shielding.

3.
Transl Cancer Res ; 11(4): 639-648, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571645

RESUMO

Background: Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) is the preferred method for early breast cancer, and the accurate preoperative prediction of the feasibility of BCS can formulate the surgical plan and reduce the violation of the patient's will. The present study proposed to explore the preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features associated with failed BCS and constructed an MRI-based model to predict BCS. Methods: This retrospective study included patients between March 2015 and July 2016, who planned to undergo BCS, had preoperative MRI examination, and had at least 2 years of follow-up. A total of 30 patients with failed BCS were identified and matched with 90 patients with successful BCS (ratio 1:3) according to age, neoadjuvant therapy, and hormone receptor expression. The patients were divided into the training group for model construction and the testing group for model validation. The MRI features, including the site of the tumor, the lesion type, and the lesion and breast volume, were compared between failure and successful BCS groups. A multivariate logistic model for predicting failed BCS was constructed using independent factors associated with failed BCS from the training group and was evaluated in the testing group. The performance of the model was evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: The mean age of the cohort was 45.7±10.3 years. A significantly more non-mass lesion and multifocality, the larger volume of lesion, and the ratio of lesion and breast volume were observed in failed BCS group compared to the successful BCS group. The ratio of lesion and breast volume and multifocality were independent factors associated with failed BCS, odds ratios were 1.044 (95% CI: 1.016-1.074) and 11.161 (95% CI: 1.739-71.652), respectively. An MRI-based model for predicting failed BCS was established, the area under the ROC curves in the training and testing group were 0.902 and 0.821, respectively. Conclusions: This model might help clinicians predict failed BCS preoperatively and make an accurate surgical strategy.

4.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(4): 2550-2566, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35559420

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism of circ_0001946 activated by transcription factor Yin Yang 1 (YY1), targeting miR-671-5p to regulate epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and thereby participating in the chemotherapy resistance of breast cancer (BC) cells. METHODS: Circ_0001946, which is differentially expressed in BC, was screened using gene expression omnibus. Dual luciferase assay and RNA immunoprecipitation were conducted to verify the relationship among circ_0001946/miR-671-5p/EGFR. A ChIP test confirmed that YY1 can be used as a transcription factor of circ_0001946 to specifically bind to its promoter. The expression of circ_0001946/miR-671-5p/EGFR regulatory axis in BC tissues and cell lines were evaluated using qRT-PCR. As for in vitro experiments, tamoxifen was used to establish a drug-resistant BC cell model. The effects of the regulatory axis on the proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of BC cells were studied using CCK-8, Transwell invasion assay and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, so as to evaluate its effect on the sensitivity of BC cells to tamoxifen. RESULTS: Circ_0001946 showed an abnormally high expression in BC tissues and tamoxifen resistant cells and was up-regulated in an IC50-dependent manner (both P<0.05). Circ_0001946 was activated by YY1 in drug-resistant BC cells. Knockdown of circ_0001946 significantly inhibited the proliferation, invasion and promoted apoptosis of drug-resistant BC cells (all P<0.05). Overexpression of circ_0001946 promoted the proliferation and invasion of drug-resistant BC cells and hindered their apoptosis, which could be partially reversed by miR-671-5p mimics (all P<0.05). EGFR has been proven to be a downstream target gene of miR-671-5p. A knockdown of EGFR improved the malignant biological behavior of drug-resistant BC cells, which could be partially eliminated by overexpression of circ_0001946 (all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Circ_0001946 absorbs miR-671-5p to target EGFR to promote the growth and malignant invasion of drug-resistant BC cells, thereby increasing the resistance to tamoxifen. This effect of circ_0001946 may be achieved by transcriptional activation of YY1.

5.
Hepatol Res ; 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536197

RESUMO

AIM: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with a PD-1 inhibitor and TACE combined with a PD-1 inhibitor and lenvatinib have recently been reported as promising treatments to improve the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. This study aims to compare the efficacy of these two treatments. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted, and patients were recruited from two centers in China. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared, and the objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) were evaluated according to the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST). Treatment-related adverse events (AEs) were analyzed to assess safety. RESULTS: The median follow-up for the entire cohort was 11.4 months. Of the 103 patients included in this study, 56 received triple therapy, and 47 received doublet therapy. PFS was significantly higher in the triple therapy group than in the doublet therapy group (mPFS 22.5 months vs. 14.0 months, P < 0.001). Similar results were obtained in terms of OS (P = 0.001). The ORR and DCR were also better in the triple therapy group (64.3% vs. 38.3%, P = 0.010; 85.7% vs. 57.4%, P = 0.002). The most common AEs in the triple therapy group were decreased albumin (55.3%), decreased platelet count (51.8%) and hypertension (44.6%). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of TACE with a PD-1 inhibitor and lenvatinib in patients with BCLC stage B HCC might result in significantly improved clinical outcomes with a manageable safety profile compared with TACE with a PD-1 inhibitor. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
Structure ; 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504278

RESUMO

Unlike most kinases, phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate 4-kinase ß (PI5P4Kß) utilizes GTP as a physiological phosphate donor and regulates cell growth under stress (i.e., GTP-dependent stress resilience). However, the genesis and evolution of its GTP responsiveness remain unknown. Here, we reveal that PI5P4Kß has acquired GTP preference by generating a short dual-nucleotide-recognizing motif called the guanine efficient association (GEA) motif. Comparison of nucleobase recognition with 660 kinases and 128 G proteins has uncovered that most kinases and PI5P4Kß use their main-chain atoms for adenine recognition, while the side-chain atoms are required for guanine recognition. Mutational analysis of the GEA motif revealed that the acquisition of GTP reactivity is accompanied by an extended activity toward inosine triphosphate (ITP) and xanthosine triphosphate (XTP). Along with the evolutionary analysis data that point to strong negative selection of the GEA motif, these results suggest that the GTP responsiveness of PI5P4Kß has evolved from a compromised trade-off between activity and specificity, underpinning the development of the GTP-dependent stress resilience.

7.
BMC Microbiol ; 22(1): 121, 2022 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513786

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of pre-pregnancy vaginal Mycoplasma hominis (M. hominis) colonization of low abundance on female fecundability. METHODS: In total, 89 females participating in a pre-pregnancy health examination program were included, and their pregnancy outcomes were followed up for 1 year. Vaginal swabs were collected, 16S rRNA genes were sequenced, and M. hominis colonization was confirmed by qPCR. Cox models were used to estimate the fecundability odds ratio (FOR) for women with M. hominis. RESULTS: The prevalence of M. hominis was 22.47% (20/89), and the abundance was relatively low (the cycle thresholds of the qPCR were all more than 25). In terms of the vaginal microbiome, the Simpson index of the positive group was significantly lower than that of the negative group (P = 0.003), which means that the microbiome diversity appeared to increase with M. hominis positivity. The relative abundance of M. hominis was negatively correlated with Lactobacillus crispatus (rho = - 0.24, P = 0.024), but positively correlated with Gardnerella vaginalis, Atopobium vaginae and Prevotella bivia (P all < 0.05). The cumulative one-year pregnancy rate for the M. hominis positive group was lower than that in the negative group (58.96% vs 66.76%, log-rank test: P = 0.029). After controlling for potential confounders, the risk of pregnancy in the M. hominis positive group was reduced by 38% when compared with the positive group (FOR = 0.62, 95% CI: 0.42-0.93). CONCLUSION: The vaginal colonization of M. hominis at a low level in pre-pregnant women is negatively correlated with female fecundability.


Assuntos
Mycoplasma hominis , Vaginose Bacteriana , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Fertilidade , Gardnerella vaginalis/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Mycoplasma hominis/genética , Gravidez , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Vagina , Vaginose Bacteriana/epidemiologia
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(9)2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35563457

RESUMO

Wood (secondary xylem) formation is regulated by auxin, which plays a pivotal role as an integrator of developmental and environmental cues. However, our current knowledge of auxin-signaling during wood formation is incomplete. Our previous genome-wide analysis of Aux/IAAs in Eucalyptus grandis showed the presence of the non-canonical paralog member EgrIAA20 that is preferentially expressed in cambium. We analyzed its cellular localization using a GFP fusion protein and its transcriptional activity using transactivation assays, and demonstrated its nuclear localization and strong auxin response repressor activity. In addition, we functionally tested the role of EgrIAA20 by constitutive overexpression in Arabidopsis to investigate for phenotypic changes in secondary xylem formation. Transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing EgrIAA20 were smaller and displayed impaired development of secondary fibers, but not of other wood cell types. The inhibition in fiber development specifically affected their cell wall lignification. We performed yeast-two-hybrid assays to identify EgrIAA20 protein partners during wood formation in Eucalyptus, and identified EgrIAA9A, whose ortholog PtoIAA9 in poplar is also known to be involved in wood formation. Altogether, we showed that EgrIAA20 is an important auxin signaling component specifically involved in controlling the lignification of wood fibers.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565005

RESUMO

The association of gestational weight gain (GWG) with perinatal outcomes seems to differ between women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Whether GDM is an effect-modifier of the association has not been verified. This study aimed to assess the modifying effect of GDM on the association of GWG with perinatal outcomes. Data on 12,128 pregnant women (3013 with GDM and 9115 without GDM) were extracted from a prospective, multicenter, cohort study in China. The associations of total and trimester-specific GWG rates (GWGR) with perinatal outcomes, including small size for gestational age, large size for gestational age (LGA), preterm birth, cesarean delivery, and gestational hypertension disorders, were assessed. The modifying effect of GDM on the association was assessed on both multiplicative and additive scales, as estimated by mixed-effects logistic regression. As a result, total GWGR was associated with all of the perinatal outcomes. GDM modified the association of total GWGR with LGA and cesarean delivery on both scales (all p < 0.05) but did not modify the association with other outcomes. The modifying effect was observed in the third trimester but not in the first or the second trimester. Therefore, maternal GWG is associated with perinatal outcomes, and GDM modifies the association with LGA and cesarean delivery in the third trimester.

11.
Nutrients ; 14(9)2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565922

RESUMO

Background: The role of meat and vegetable intake in the development of asthenozoospermia has been controversial, and the role of cooking methods for meat and vegetables in the association has yet to be determined. The present study aimed to illuminate the relationship between the consumption and cooking methods of meat and vegetables and the risk of asthenozoospermia. Methods: In this hospital-based case-control study, we enrolled 552 patients with asthenozoospermia and 585 healthy controls. Dietary information was assessed using a validated self-administered food frequency questionnaire. Asthenozoospermia was diagnosed according to the fifth edition of the WHO laboratory manual for the examination and processing of human semen. Results: Participants in the highest tertile of total meat and unprocessed meat intake had a 44% and 39% lower risk of asthenozoospermia than those in the lowest tertile (OR = 0.56, 95% CI: 0.37, 0.87 and OR = 0.61, 95% CI: 0.40, 0.93), respectively. Participants with the highest processed meat consumption showed higher risk (OR = 1.44, 95% CI: 1.01, 2.06). Raw vegetable consumption was negatively associated with the risk of asthenozoospermia (OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.45, 0.98). The stir-frying cooking method for meat was associated with increased risk of asthenozoospermia (OR = 1.58, 95% CI: 1.02, 2.46). Conclusions: Intake of total meat, unprocessed meat, and raw vegetable may reduce asthenozoospermia risk, while higher consumption of processed meat may increase the risk. Cooking methods may play a role in these associations. These findings need to be confirmed in large and prospective cohort studies.

12.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1377: 79-93, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35575922

RESUMO

The scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) is a versatile HDL receptor protein. It is highly expressed in liver and steroidogenic tissues. SR-BI regulates selective uptake of cholesterol ester (CE) from HDL, revealing its role in mediating reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) and steroid hormone synthesis. In addition, SR-BI is involved in cholesterol transport, cellular inflammatory response, platelet reactivity, and HDL-initiated signaling in the vascular system in several mouse models. Mutations in the human SR-BI gene (SCARB1) have been found to be associated with abnormally high plasma HDL-C levels and an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. At present, the key regions of SR-BI transmembrane structure and the regulatory mechanisms of SR-BI expression still need to be further studied. In this chapter, the structural, functional, and regulatory characteristics of SR-BI are reviewed, and the importance of SR-BI in related metabolic diseases was expounded.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35577511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coformulated sodium phenylbutyrate/taurursodiol (PB/TURSO) was shown to prolong survival and slow functional decline in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). OBJECTIVE: Determine whether PB/TURSO prolonged tracheostomy/ventilation-free survival and/or reduced first hospitalisation in participants with ALS in the CENTAUR trial. METHODS: Adults with El Escorial Definite ALS ≤18 months from symptom onset were randomised to PB/ TURSO or placebo for 6 months. Those completing randomised treatment could enrol in an open-label extension (OLE) phase and receive PB/TURSO for ≤30 months. Times to the following individual or combined key events were compared in the originally randomised treatment groups over a period spanning trial start through July 2020 (longest postrandomisation follow-up, 35 months): death, tracheostomy, permanent assisted ventilation (PAV) and first hospitalisation. RESULTS: Risk of any key event was 47% lower in those originally randomised to PB/TURSO (n=87) versus placebo (n=48, 71% of whom received delayed-start PB/TURSO in the OLE phase) (HR=0.53; 95% CI 0.35 to 0.81; p=0.003). Risks of death or tracheostomy/PAV (HR=0.51; 95% CI 0.32 to 0.84; p=0.007) and first hospitalisation (HR=0.56; 95% CI 0.34 to 0.95; p=0.03) were also decreased in those originally randomised to PB/TURSO. CONCLUSIONS: Early PB/TURSO prolonged tracheostomy/PAV-free survival and delayed first hospitalisation in ALS. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03127514; NCT03488524.

14.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35579089

RESUMO

Cofilin-1 interacts with actin to regulate cell movement. The importance of cofilin-1 in immunity has been established, and its involvement in a number of autoimmune diseases has been confirmed. However, its role in severe aplastic anaemia (SAA) remains elusive. Thus, the aim of the current study was to investigate the role of cofilin-1 in patients with SAA. Flow cytometry, Western blotting and real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction were performed to detect the mRNA and protein expression of cofilin-1 in myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs) from patients with SAA. The expression of cofilin-1 was then suppressed via siRNA, and its effects on mDCs and downstream effector T-cell function were evaluated. Cofilin-1 expression was higher in mDCs from patients with SAA and correlated with routine blood and immune indexes. Moreover, cofilin-1 knockdown in mDCs from patients with SAA reduced their phagocytic capacity, migration capacity, and CD86 expression through F-actin remodelling, downregulating the stimulatory capacity of mDCs on CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes. Collectively, these findings indicate that cofilin-1 participates in the hyperfunction of mDCs in patients with SAA and that the downregulation of cofilin-1 in mDCs from patients with SAA could be a novel treatment approach for SAA.

15.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronary artery calcification score (CACS), a strong predictor of cardiovascular events and mortality, can be assessed by nongated chest computed tomography (CT). The study aimed to determine whether CACS based on nongated CT is predictive of perioperative cardiovascular events during intermediate-risk lung cancer surgery. METHODS: In this retrospective, single-center study, we used nongated CT images to evaluate CACS in 4491 patients with lung cancer who underwent intermediate-risk surgeries. Perioperative cardiovascular events were defined as in-hospital cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, heart failure, atrial and ventricular arrhythmia with hemodynamic compromise, and complete heart block. Risk factors of perioperative cardiovascular events were identified by multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: In total, 110 inpatients (2.5%) experienced perioperative cardiac events. Coronary calcification was observed on nongated CT in 1070 (23.8%) patients. CACS was significantly associated with the incidence of cardiovascular events and longer hospital stays. According to receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the CACS cutoff value was set to 1. In the multivariate analysis, CACS ≥1 (odds ratio, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.14-2.68; P = .011) or the number of calcified vessels (odds ratio, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.01-1.50; P = .043), age, forced expiratory volume in 1 second/predicted, operation time, and thoracotomy were predictive of cardiovascular complications. CONCLUSIONS: CACS is an independent predictor of severe perioperative cardiovascular risk in patients undergoing intermediate-risk lung cancer surgery. CACS may represent a valuable tool for preoperative risk assessment of these patients.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522733

RESUMO

Potassium-ion batteries (PIBs) have received widespread interest on account of low redox potential, low price, and high abundance of potassium. However, attributing to the large radius of K+ ions, the structure of electrode material is easily damaged during the potassiation/depotassiation process. Herein, the unique chemical bonding of encapsulating V5.45S8 nanoparticles in N,S codoped multichannel carbon nanofibers (CB-VS@NSCNFs) is designed through electrospinning and in situ vulcanization techniques. The anchoring effect (V-C chemical bonding) of the V5.45S8 nanoparticles with carbon carriers assists in shortening the K+/e- transport path and alleviating the structural changes, which is highlighted to acquire a stable cycle lifespan. Also, codoped multichannel carbon nanofibers provide abundant active sites for pseudocapacitive behavior to achieve fast kinetics. As a synergistic result, when CB-VS@NSCNFs are evaluated as anode material for PIBs, they exhibit a high reversible capacity of 411 mA h g-1 at 0.1 A g-1, decent rate property with a capacity of up to 123 mA h g-1 at 6 A g-1, and good cycling stability of 500 cycles at 1 A g-1.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523210

RESUMO

Relaxor ferroelectric-based energy storage systems are promising candidates for advanced applications as a result of their fast speed and high energy storage density. In the research field of ferroelectrics and relaxor ferroelectrics, the concept of solid solution is widely adopted to modify the overall properties and acquire superior performance. However, the combination between antiferroelectric and paraelectric materials was less studied and discussed. In this study, paraelectric barium hafnate (BaHfO3) and antiferroelectric lead hafnate (PbHfO3) are selected to demonstrate such a combination. A paraelectric to relaxor ferroelectric, to ferroelectric, and to antiferroelectric transition is observed by varying the composition x in the (Ba1-xPbx)HfO3 solid solution from 0 to 100%. It is noteworthy that ferroelectric phases can be realized without primal ferroelectric material. This study creates an original solid solution system with a rich spectrum of competing phases and demonstrates an approach to design relaxor ferroelectrics for energy storage applications and beyond.

18.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 847091, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35492332

RESUMO

Aim: The effect of metabolic factors on the risk of bacterial infections (BIs) in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related cirrhosis has not been demonstrated. This study aimed to explore specific metabolic factors associated with the BIs in these patients. Methods: A population-based cohort of 471 patients with HBV-related cirrhosis was retrospectively enrolled between 2009 and 2019. The primary end point was the incidence of BIs during hospitalization, which were compared according to the metabolism-related indicators, namely, presence of diabetes, level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC) and triglyceride, and body mass index (BMI). The propensity score matching (PSM) was adopted to eliminate baseline discrepancies. Results: Compared with the non-diabetic group, the incidences of BIs were higher in the diabetic group before and after PSM (p = 0.029 and p = 0.027). Similar results were found in the low HDLC group as compared with the normal HDLC group before and after PSM (p < 0.001 and p = 0.025). Further analysis showed that the incidences of BIs in patients with low HDLC alone were lower than patients with both low HDLC and diabetes before and after PSM (p = 0.003 and p = 0.022). Similarly, the incidence of BIs in patients with diabetes alone was lower than those in patients with both low HDLC and diabetes both before and after PSM (p = 0.002 and p = 0.018). However, neither triglyceride nor BMI level was related to BIs in our cohort. Conclusion: In patients with HBV-related cirrhosis, the presence of diabetes and low level of HDLC were risk factors of BIs, showing a synergistic effect.

19.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 860694, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35495690

RESUMO

Leaf anthracnose (LA) and anthracnose crown rot (ACR) represent serious fungal diseases that pose significant threats to strawberry production. To characterize the pathogen diversity associated with above diseases, 100 strawberry plants, including varieties of "Hongjia," "Zhangji," and "Tianxianzui," were sampled from Jiande and Zhoushan, the primary plantation regions of Zhejiang province, China. A total of 309 Colletotrichum isolates were isolated from crown (150 isolates) and leaves (159 isolates) of affected samples. Among these, 100 isolates obtained from the plants showing both LA and CR symptoms were selected randomly for further characterization. Based on the morphological observations combined with phylogenetic analysis of multiple genes (ACT, ITS, CAL, GAPDH, and CHS), all the 100 tested isolates were identified as C. gloeosporioides species complex, including 91 isolates of C. siamense, 8 isolates of C. fructicola causing both LA and ACR, and one isolate of C. aenigma causing ACR. The phenotypic characteristics of these isolated species were investigated using the BIOLOG phenotype MicroArray (PM) and a total of 950 different metabolic phenotype were tested, showing the characteristics among these isolates and providing the theoretical basis for pathogenic biochemistry and metabolism. The pathogenicity tests showed that even the same Colletotrichum species isolated from different diseased tissues (leaves or crowns) had significantly different pathogenicity toward strawberry leaves and crown. C. siamense isolated from diseased leaves (CSLA) was more aggressive than C. siamense isolated from rotted crown (CSCR) during the infection on "Zhangji" leaves. Additionally, C. fructicola isolated from affected leaf (CFLA) caused more severe symptoms on the leaves of four strawberry varieties compared to C. fructicola isolated from diseased crown (CFCR). For crown rot, the pathogenicity of CSCR was higher than that of CSLA.

20.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 846909, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35495705

RESUMO

The current study was aimed to introduce five new species of Cordyceps from Yunnan, with morphological descriptions, illustrations, color photographs, phylogenetic placement, associated host, and a comparison with allied taxa. The five new species were morphologically distinct from all other Cordyceps sensu lato species, and it was also suggested that they should differ from other species in the genus Cordyceps based on combined multigene analyses. Employing DNA nucleotide sequences of the nrLSU, nrSSU, tef-1α, rpb1, and rpb2, the five new species were recognized in the clade of Cordyceps by using molecular phylogenetic analyses, including five well-supported subclades: three new species, Cordyceps bullispora, Cordyceps longiphialis, and Cordyceps nabanheensis, were found in the subclade of C. pruinosa, and two new species, Cordyceps pseudotenuipes and Cordyceps simaoensis, were located in the subclade of C. tenuipes. The five novel species shared similar morphologies to other species in the genus Cordyceps, with fleshy and brightly pigmented stromata; perithecia superficial to completely immersed, ordinal in arrangement; and hyaline asci, with thickened cylindrical ascus apex. The morphological characteristics of 66 species in Cordyceps sensu stricto, namely, 5 novel species and 61 known taxa, were also compared.

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