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1.
Br J Cancer ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pathologic diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can be challenging in differentiating from benign and non-hepatocytic malignancy lesions. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential utility of α-fetoprotein (AFP) mRNA RNAscope, a sensitive and specific method, in the diagnosis of HCC. METHODS: Three independent retrospective cohorts containing 2216 patients with HCC, benign liver lesions, and non-hepatocytic tumours were examined. AFP was detected using ELISA, IHC (Immunohistochemistry), and RNAscope. Glypican3 (GPC3), hepatocyte paraffin-1 (HepPar-1), and arginase-1 (Arg-1) proteins were detected using IHC. RESULTS: AFP RNAscope improved the HCC detection sensitivity by 24.7-32.7% compared with IHC. In two surgical cohorts, a panel of AFP RNAscope and GPC3 provided the best diagnostic value in differentiating HCC from benign hepatocytic lesions (AUC = 0.905 and 0.811), and a panel including AFP RNAscope, GPC3, HepPar-1, and Arg-1 yielded the best AUC (0.971 and 0.977) when distinguishing HCC from non-hepatocytic malignancies. The results from the liver biopsy cohort were similar, and additional application of AFP RNAscope improved the sensitivity by 18% when distinguishing HCC from benign hepatocytic lesions. CONCLUSIONS: AFP mRNA detected by RNAscope is highly specific for hepatocytic malignancy and may serve as a novel diagnostic biomarker for HCC.

2.
Brain Stimul ; 14(3): 461-466, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been proposed as a promising therapeutic intervention for neurological disorders. However, the precise mechanisms of rTMS in neural excitability remains poorly understood. Estradiol is known to have strong influence on cortical excitability. This study aimed to determine whether high-frequency (HF) rTMS influences endogenous estradiol in male patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with a total of 57 male patients with DOC. Eventually, 50 patients completed the study. Twenty-five patients underwent real rTMS, and 25 patients underwent sham rTMS, which were delivered over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. The primary outcome measure was the change in serum estradiol from baseline to after 10 sessions of HF-rTMS. The improvement in the total score of the JFK Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) was also assessed. RESULTS: Changes in estradiol levels and CRS-R scores from pre-to post-treatment were significantly different between the active rTMS and sham stimulation conditions. A significant enhancement of CRS-R scores in the patients receiving rTMS stimulation was observed compared to the sham group. Serum estradiol levels in patients following HF-rTMS were significantly higher than their baseline levels, whereas no significant changes were found in the sham group from pre-to post-stimulation. The rise in estradiol levels was greater in responders than in non-responders. The changes in estradiol levels were significantly positively correlated with the improvement in CRS-R scores. CONCLUSION: These preliminary findings indicate that serum estradiol levels are affected by HF-rTMS and positively related to clinical responses in male patients with DOC. The elevation of estradiol levels may lay a physiological foundation for successful rTMS treatment for DOC patients by increasing cortical excitability.

3.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinicopathological features of epithelioid sarcoma presenting in head and neck region (HNES) and elucidate diagnostic key points and treatment options for HNES. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 12 HNES cases were collected in our department from 2010 to 2020. Their clinical information and pathological features were documented, and relevant follow-up was performed. Immunohistochemistry was carried to analyze the protein markers of HNES. RESULTS: Of the 12 HNES cases, 10 were primary tumors and 2 were metastasized from foot and shoulder, respectively. The patients with primary tumors were significantly younger than those with metastasized ones (22.7 vs 41.5, p = .0157), and male patients outnumbered female patients (3:1). Of all HNES cases, 9 were classic subtype, and 3 were proximal subtype. HNES patients had a poor prognosis, with 5-year overall survival of 41.5% and 5-year relapse-free survival of 22.5%. A loss of INI1 was identified as the hallmark of HNES with 83.3% (10/12) of HNES cases presenting as EZH2 positive. CONCLUSIONS: HNES is more prevalent at younger ages and in males, has a poor prognosis, and exhibits a greater proportion of classic subtype than proximal subtype. EZH2 inhibitor has therapeutic potential in HNES.

4.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 168: 6-15, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781892

RESUMO

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are highly associated with oxidative stress. We have recently shown that Disconnected-interacting protein homolog 2 A (DIP2A) functions in ASD pathophysiology by regulating cortactin acetylation for spine development and synaptic transmission. However, its role is not fully understood in the context of its abundant expression in mitochondria. In this paper, we found that DIP2A was involved in superoxide dismutase (SOD)-mediated antioxidative reactions. In mice, DIP2A knockout inhibited SOD activity and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in the cerebral cortex. In vitro gain-of-function experiments further confirmed the positive role of DIP2A in scavenging ROS upon oxidative stress. Moreover, DIP2A knockout caused irregular mitochondrial morphology in the cerebral cortex and impaired mitochondrial metabolism with an over consumption of lipids for energy supply. Taken together, these results revealed unrecognized functions of DIP2A in antioxidative protection, providing another possible explanation for DIP2A-mediated ASD pathophysiology.

5.
FASEB J ; 35(4): e21323, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33710674

RESUMO

We previously reported on the role of pericyte-like cells as functional sentinel immune cells in lung injury. However, much about the biological role of pericytes in lung injury remains unknown. Lung pericyte-like cells are well-positioned to sense disruption to the epithelial barrier and coordinate local inflammatory responses due to their anatomic niche within the alveoli. In this report, we characterized transcriptional responses and functional changes in pericyte-like cells following activation by alveolar components from injured and uninjured lungs in a mouse model of acute lung injury (ALI). Purified pericyte-like cells from lung digests using PDGFRß as a selection marker were expanded in culture as previously described (1). We induced sterile acute lung injury in mice with recombinant human Fas ligand (rhFasL) instillation followed by mechanical ventilation (1). We then collected bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from injured and uninjured mice. Purified pericyte-like cells in culture were exposed to growth media only (control), BALF from uninjured mice, and BALF from injured mice for 6 and 24 hours. RNA collected from these treatment conditions were processed for RNAseq. Targets of interest identified by pathway analysis were validated using in vitro and in vivo assays. We observed robust global transcriptional changes in pericyte-like cells following treatment with uninjured and injured BALF at 6 hours, but this response persisted for 24 hours only after exposure to injured BALF. Functional enrichment analysis of pericytes treated with injured BALF revealed the activation of pro-inflammatory, cell migration, and angiogenesis-related pathways, whereas processes associated with tissue development and cell differentiation were down-regulated. We validated select upregulated targets in the inflammatory, angiogenic, and cell migratory pathways using functional biological assays in vitro and in vivo. We conclude that lung pericyte-like cells are highly responsive to alveolar compartment content from both uninjured and injured lungs, but injured BALF elicits a more sustained response. The inflammatory, angiogenic, and migratory changes exhibited by activated pericyte-like cells underscore the phenotypic plasticity of these specialized stromal cells in the setting of acute lung injury.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5893, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723338

RESUMO

Improvement in outcomes of children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is attributed to several refinements in clinical management. We evaluated treatment outcomes of Taiwanese pediatric AML patients in the past 20 years. Overall, 860 de novo AML patients aged 0-18 years and registered in the Childhood Cancer Foundation of R.O.C during January 1996-December 2019 were included. Survival analysis was performed to identify factors that improved treatment outcomes. Regardless of treatment modalities used, patients during 2008-2019 had better 5-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) rates than patients during 1996-2007. For patients received the TPOG-AML-97A treatment, only 5-year OS rates were significantly different between patients diagnosed before and after 2008. Patients with RUNX1-RUNX1T1 had similar relapse-free survival rates, but 5-year OS rates were better during 2008-2019. However, the survival of patients who received hematopoietic stem-cell transplantations (HSCT) did not differ significantly before and after 2008. For patients without relapse, the 5-year OS improved during 2008-2019. Non-relapse mortality decreased annually, and cumulative relapse rates were similar. In conclusion, 5-year EFS and OS rates improved during 2008-2019, though intensities of chemotherapy treatments were similar before and after 2008. Non-relapse mortality decreased gradually. Further treatment strategies including more intensive chemotherapy, novel agents' use, identification of high-risk patients using genotyping and minimal residual disease, early intervention of HSCT, and antibiotic prophylaxis can be considered for future clinical protocol designs in Taiwan.

7.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 183, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The undergraduate program of psychiatry has been widely established in recent years to improve the education and recruitment of psychiatrists in China. We aim to investigate the career choice of medical students majoring in psychiatry in China and the influential factors. METHOD: This multicenter study was conducted in 26 medical schools in China from May to October of 2019. Participants included 4610 medical students majoring in psychiatry and 3857 medical students majoring in clinical medicine. Multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate the influential factors of students' choices of psychiatry at matriculation and as a career. RESULTS: 44.08% of psychiatry majored students gave psychiatry as a first choice at matriculation, and 56.67% of them would choose psychiatry as a career, which was in sharp contrast to the proportion of clinical medicine majored students who would choose psychiatry as a career (0.69%). Personal interest (59.61%), suggestions from family members (27.96%), and experiencing mental problems (23.19%) were main reasons for choosing psychiatry major at matriculation. Personal interest (odds ratio [OR] = 2.12, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.87-2.40), experiencing a psychiatry clerkship (OR = 1.99, 95% CI = 1.28-3.08), being female (OR = 1.50, 95% CI = 1.30-1.68), experiencing mental problems (OR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.28-1.56), and suggestions from family members (OR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.08-1.46) correlated positively with students' choice of psychiatry as career. Students who lacked psychiatry knowledge (OR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.29-0.85) or chose psychiatry because of lower admission scores (OR = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.63-0.97) were less likely to choose psychiatry as a career. CONCLUSION: More than half of psychiatry majored medical school students planned to choose psychiatry as their career, whereas very few students in the clinic medicine major would make this choice. Increasing students' interest in psychiatry, strengthening psychiatry clerkships, and popularizing psychiatric knowledge are modifiable factors to increase the psychiatry career intention. The extent to which medical students' attitudes toward psychiatry can be changed through medical school education and greater exposure to psychiatry will need further investigation.

8.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 2454-2462, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661644

RESUMO

Bimetallic high-index faceted heterostructured nanoparticles represent a new class of high-performance nanocatalysts. In this work, we investigated the structural evolution of PtAu tetrahexahedral heterostructured nanoparticles enclosed by {210} facets using molecular dynamics simulations. The surface and interface were specifically addressed. The results show that the PtAu nanoparticle exhibits a heterogeneous melting pattern, leading to solid-liquid coexistence over a wide temperature range. In terms of particle shape evolution, the critical transformation temperature for the surface structure of the PtAu heterostructured nanoparticle is much lower than the melting point of each domain. In comparison, the interface could be basically retained even when the Au domain completely melts. These results extend our fundamental understanding of the thermally driven structural evolution of the surface and interface in bimetallic high-index faceted heterostructured nanoparticles and provide insight into the design and application of metallic nanoparticles with multifunctional performance.

9.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(3)2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670979

RESUMO

Anthocyanins are antioxidant and anti-inflammatory ingredients in various fruit beverages, for which their conservation and quantitation are important for the food industry. In this paper, we report a simple, portable device for accurate on-site determination of total monomeric anthocyanins in fruit beverages employing a Wi-Fi scanner coupled with a flexible microchip and a free mobile app. The detection principle is based on the pH-induced colorimetric reactions of anthocyanins performed in a specially designed microchip and validated with standard spectrophotometric measurements. The microchip with multiple testing vials was prepared with the benchtop molding method with a common PDMS elastomer and a transparency film; the photo of the scanned microchip is wirelessly sent to a smartphone and the RGB values of individual reaction vials in the microchip are analyzed with a free mobile app to determine the corresponding concentrations. It was demonstrated that the quantitation performance of this POCT device is comparable with conventional spectrophotometry in the determination of total anthocyanins in both standard solutions and fruit beverages.

10.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 803-814, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648424

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the role and underlying mechanisms of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) muscleblind-like 1 antisense RNA 1 (MBNL1-AS1) in the progression of Prostate cancer (PCa). MBNL1-AS1 and microRNA (miR)-181a-5p expression in PCa tissues and several human PCa cell lines were analyzed, respectively, using StarBasev3.0 project and RT-qPCR assay. After MBNL1-AS1 overexpression, cell proliferation, invasion and migration were, respectively, evaluated using CCK-8, colony formation, transwell and wound healing assays. Dual luciferase assay were used for analysis of the interactions among MBNL1-AS1, miR-181a-5p, and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN). Subsequently, the expression of PTEN and proteins in PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling was examined using western blot analysis after transfection with miR-181a-5p mimic. The rescue assays were performed to investigate the effects of MBNL1-AS1 and miR-181a-5p on the functions of PCa cells and the expression of PTEN/PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling by co-transfection with MBNL1-AS1 plasmid and miR-181a-5p mimic. Results indicated that MBNL1-AS1 was conspicuously downregulated while miR-181a-5p upregulating in PCa tissues and cell lines. MBNL1-AS1 overexpression decreased the abilities of cell proliferation, invasion, and migration. Further study revealed that MBNL1-AS1 acted as a sponge for miR-181a-5p and positively regulated PTEN by a sponge effect. Additionally, rescue assays proved that the effect of MBNL1-AS1-upregulation on the proliferation, invasion, and migration of PCa cells was dependent on miR-181a-5p. Furthermore, miR-181a-5p overexpression counteracted the expression of PTEN and proteins in PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling exerted by MBNL1-AS1-upregulation in PCa cells. This study suggests that MBNL1-AS1 inhibits the progression of PCa via sponging miR-181a-5p and regulating PTEN/PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.

11.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661349

RESUMO

Herein we report a quantitative, multiplex assay for disease markers in plasma based on an integrated setup of a portable scanner and a disposable paper-based analytical device (PAD). The quantitative analysis relies on the digital colorimetric reading of the three-layer PAD with 30 assay sites for performing respective chromogenic reactions for plasma uric acid, glucose, and triglyceride, which are considered as important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. A portable scanner with WiFi transmission capability was used to produce high-quality color images of the PADs and wirelessly transfer them to a smartphone or other mobile devices for data processing. The concentrations of biomarkers in both standard solutions and plasma samples can be directly obtained using a custom-designed smartphone app that is also capable of constructing calibration curves. The detection limits of uric acid, glucose, and triglyceride were determined to be 0.50 mg/dL, 0.84 mmol/L, and 14 mg/dL, respectively, which are below the normal limits and adequate for clinical validation. Owing to the distinct advantages-simple, portable, and cost-effective-this mobile assay protocol can be used for point-of-care (POC) settings or resource-limited situations, and potentially for the diagnosis and prevention of infectious diseases.

12.
J Proteomics ; 239: 104184, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711487

RESUMO

Persistent plant viruses multiply and circulate inside insect vectors following the route of midgut-hemolymph-salivary gland. Currently, how viruses interact with insect vectors after they are released into hemolymph is not entirely clear. In this study, we found that the hemolymph and fat body (HF) contained the highest Rice stripe virus (RSV) levels. Proteomic analysis on RSV-free and RSV-infected HF identified 156 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs), with the majority of them participating in metabolism, transportation, and detoxification. The RNA binding protein esf2 was the most downregulated protein. Knocking down the expression of esf2 did not influence the RSV burden, but caused the lethal effect to L. striatellus. In contrast, the mRNA decay protein ZFP36L1 was 69% more abundant upon RSV infection, and suppression of ZFP36L1 significantly increased the RSV burden. Our results reveal the potential role of ZFP36L1 in restricting the viral proliferation, and provide valuable clues for unravelling the interaction between RSV and L. striatellus in HF. SIGNIFICANCE: More than 76% of plant viruses are transmitted by insect vectors. For persistent propagative transmission, plant viruses multiply and circulate inside insects following the route of midgut-hemolymph-salivary gland. However, how viruses interact with vector insects after they are released into hemolymph is not entirely clear. Our study investigated the influence of rice stripe virus (RSV) on insect hemolymph and fat body by iTRAQ labeling method. Among the 156 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) identified, two proteins associated with mRNA metabolism were selected for function analysis. We found that the mRNA decay activator protein ZFP36L1 influenced the RSV proliferation, and RNA binding protein esf2 caused the lethal effect to L. striatellus. Our results provide valuable clues for unveiling the interaction between RSV and L. striatellus, and might be useful in pest management.

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(6): 1410-1416, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787139

RESUMO

The extract rates, multicomponent content and fingerprint were determined in this study to investigate the quality diffe-rence between standard decoction of raw Paeoniae Radix Alba and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba. UPLC fingerprint was established for 17 batches of standard decoction of raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba, and the contents of gallic acid, catechin, albiflorin, paeoniflorin and benzoyl paeoniflorin were determined. The peak areas of standard decoction were analyzed by the independent t-test and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis. There was no significant difference in extract rates between the standard decoction of raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba. After fried processing, the content of albiflorin increased by 0.26%, while the contents of gallic acid, catechin, paeoniflorin and benzoyl paeoniflorin decreased by 13.04%, 27.97%, 10.30% and 18.79% respectively. There were 14 common peaks in the fingerprint of standard decoction of raw Paeoniae Radix Alba, and 16 common peaks in the fried Paeoniae Radix Alba. Peak 1 and peak 3 were new ones after processing, among which the peak 3 was 5-hydroxymethylfurfural. The results showed that peak 1, peak 3, peak 11 and peak 15 were the key compounds to distinguish standard decoction of raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba. In conclusion, this method is stable and can be used for the study of quantity transfer and quality control in the preparation process of standard decoction, granules and other dosage forms for raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba, providing reference for the identification of raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba and related preparations.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Paeonia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Controle de Qualidade , Padrões de Referência
14.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 186: 114502, 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684391

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. Apnea-induced chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) is a primary pathophysiological manifestation of OSA that promotes various cardiovascular alterations, such as aortic vascular remodeling. In this study, we investigated the association between angiopoietin-like proteins 8 (ANGPTL8) and CIH-induced aortic vascular remodeling in mice. METHODS: C57BL/6J male mice were divided into four groups: Normoxia group, ANGPTL8-/- group, CIH group, CIH + ANGPTL8-/- group. Mice in the normoxia group and ANGPTL8-/- group received no treatment, while mice in the CIH and CIH + ANGPTL8-/- group were subjected to CIH (21%-5% O2, 180 s/cycle, 10 h/day) for 6 weeks. At the end of the experiments, intima-media thickness (IMT), elastin disorganization, and aortic wall collagen abundance were assessed in vivo. Immunohistochemistry and Western-blot were used to detect endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and aortic vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. ANGPTL8 shRNA and ANGPL8 overexpression were used in aortic vascular smooth muscle cells to investigate the mechanism of ANGPTL8 in CIH. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, CIH exposure significantly increased intima-media thickness (IMT), elastic fibers disorganization, and aortic wall collagen abundance. CIH also significantly increased blood pressure, induced hyperlipidemia, as well as the expression of ERS protein activating transcription factor-6 (ATF6) and aortic vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. Contrary, ANGPTL8-/- significantly mitigated the CIH-induced vascular remodeling; ANGPTL8-/- decreased CIH-induced hypertension and hyperlipidemia, inhibited the protein expression of ATF6, and aortic vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. Moreover, our in vitro study suggested that CIH could induce ANGPTL8 expression via hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α); ANGPTL8 induced proliferation of aortic vascular smooth muscle cells via the ERS pathway. CONCLUSION: ANGPTL8-/- can prevent CIH-induced aortic vascular remodeling, probably through the inhibition of the ERS pathway. Therefore, ANGPTL8 might be a potential target in CIH-induced aortic vascular remodeling.

15.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1286, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674631

RESUMO

To evaluate the performance of the Prostate Health Index (PHI) in magnetic resonance imaging-transrectal ultrasound (MRI-TRUS) fusion prostate biopsy for the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa). We prospectively enrolled 164 patients with at least one Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADS v2) ≥ 3 lesions who underwent MRI-TRUS fusion prostate biopsy. Of the PSA-derived biomarkers, the PHI had the best performance in predicting csPCa (AUC 0.792, CI 0.707-0.877) in patients with PI-RADS 4/5 lesions. Furthermore, the predictive power of PHI was even higher in the patients with PI-RADS 3 lesions (AUC 0.884, CI 0.792-0.976). To minimize missing csPCa, we used a PHI cutoff of 27 and 7.4% of patients with PI-RADS 4/5 lesions could have avoided a biopsy. At this level, 2.0% of cases with csPCa would have been missed, with sensitivity and NPV rates of 98.0% and 87.5%, respectively. However, the subgroup of PI-RADS 3 was too small to define the optimal PHI cutoff. PHI was the best PSA-derived biomarker to predict csPCa in MRI-TRUS fusion prostate biopsies in men with PI-RADS ≥ 3 lesions, especially for the patients with PI-RADS 3 lesions who gained the most value.

16.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(2): 624-633, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742856

RESUMO

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are important precursors of ozone and fine particulate matter, and have attracted more and more research attention. There are few long-term observational studies of VOCs in automobile industry parks. From January 1 to December 31,2019, 79 kinds of VOCs were quantitatively detected by on-line gas chromatograph in an automobile industrial park in Shanghai. The composition, seasonal variation, and daily variation of VOCs were analyzed. The chemical reactivity of the atmosphere was estimated using the maximum incremental reactivity (MIR) and·OH radical loss rate. The sources of VOCs were analyzed using specific pollutant ratios and factor analysis. The results showed that the total VOCs concentration was 26.53×10-9, with alkanes, alkenes, aromatics, halo hydrocarbon, and alkynes accounting for 50.2%, 9.8%, 22.4%, 10.8%, and 6.8%, respectively. There was an obviously seasonal variation in VOCs concentrations, with the maximum occurring in winter and the minimum in summer. Ozone formation potential (OFP) was 73.2×10-9, of which alkanes accounted for 14.7%, alkenes 35.9%, and aromatics 45.2%. The·OH radical loss rate was 165.3 s-1, of which alkenes accounted for 30.4% and aromatics 48.9%. The components with the highest contributions to chemical reaction activity were m/p-xylene, ethylene, propylene, toluene, and o-xylene. By estimating toluene/benzene ratios (T/B) and ethane/acetylene ratios (E/E), the air mass at the observation site was fresh, site was close to the pollution source. The main sources of VOCs were gasoline exhaust emissions (19.4%), solvent use (30.8%), combustion processes (11.0%), diesel use (8.9%), and liquefied petroleum gas use (4.5%).

17.
Arab J Gastroenterol ; 22(1): 12-22, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33551350

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The relationship between the alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level and the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after surgical resection remains unknown. This study aims to assess this relationship. PATIENTS AND METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science were systematically utilised. Meta-analysis was conducted for the outcomes of the recurrence-free survival (RFS) and the overall survival (OS) by comparing the high AFP group with the low AFP group. RESULTS: The studies included 61 manuscripts with 35,461 patients. The summary hazard ratio (HR) for RFS was 1.501 (95% CI 1.355-1.662; Z = 7.81, P < 0.00001) when comparing the high AFP group with the low AFP group. Sensitivity analysis only included adjusted HRs, with the summary HR being 1.563 (95% CI 1.381-1.768; Z = 7.10, P < 0.00001). The summary HR for OS was 1.565 (95% CI 1.439-1.701; Z = 10.52, P < 0.00001) when comparing two AFP groups. Sensitivity analysis showed that the summary HR was 1.611 (95% CI 1.456-1.782; Z = 9.24, P < 0.00001). CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis indicated that elevated serum AFP levels are associated with poor prognosis of HCC after surgical resection.

18.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 182, 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between blood culture status and mortality among sepsis patients remains controversial hence we conducted a tri-center retrospective cohort study to compare the early and late mortality of culture-negative versus culture-positive sepsis using the inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) method. METHODS: Adult patients with suspected sepsis who completed the blood culture and procalcitonin tests in the emergency department or hospital floor were eligible for inclusion. Early mortality was defined as 30-day mortality, and late mortality was defined as 30- to 90-day mortality. IPTW was calculated from propensity score and was employed to create two equal-sized hypothetical cohorts with similar covariates for outcome comparison. RESULTS: A total of 1405 patients met the inclusion criteria, of which 216 (15.4%) yielded positive culture results and 46 (21.3%) died before hospital discharge. The propensity score model showed that diabetes mellitus, urinary tract infection, and hepatobiliary infection were independently associated with positive blood culture results. There was no significant difference in early mortality between patients with positive or negative blood culture results. However, culture-positive patients had increased late mortality as compared with culture-negative patients in the full cohort (IPTW-OR, 1.95, 95%CI: 1.14-3.32) and in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock (IPTW-OR, 1.92, 95%CI: 1.10-3.33). After excluding Staphylococcal bacteremia patients, late mortality difference became nonsignificant (IPTW-OR, 1.78, 95%CI: 0.87-3.62). CONCLUSIONS: Culture-positive sepsis patients had comparable early mortality but worse late mortality than culture-negative sepsis patients in this cohort. Persistent Staphylococcal bacteremia may have contributed to the increased late mortality.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia/diagnóstico , Hemocultura/métodos , Sepse/diagnóstico , Choque Séptico/diagnóstico , Idoso , Bacteriemia/microbiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Pró-Calcitonina/análise , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/microbiologia , Sepse/mortalidade , Choque Séptico/microbiologia , Choque Séptico/mortalidade
19.
Asian J Androl ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33565428

RESUMO

Optimal vision and ergonomics are essential factors contributing to the achievement of good results during microsurgery. The three-dimensional (3D) digital image microscope system with a better 3D depth of field can release strain on the surgeon's neck and back, which can improve outcomes in microsurgery. We report a randomized prospective study of vasoepididymostomy and vasovasostomy using a 3D digital image microscope system (3D-DIM) in rats. A total of 16 adult male rats were randomly divided into two groups of 8 each: the standard operating microscope (SOM) group and the 3D-DIM group. The outcomes measured included the operative time, real-time postoperative mechanical patency, and anastomosis leakage. Furthermore, a user-friendly microscope score was designed to evaluate the ergonomic design and equipment characteristics of the microscope. There were no differences in operative time between the two groups. The real-time postoperative mechanical patency rates were 100.0% for both groups. The percentage of vasoepididymostomy anastomosis leakage was 16.7% in the SOM group and 25.0% in the 3D-DIM group; however, no vasovasostomy anastomosis leakage was found in either group. In terms of the ergonomic design, the 3D-DIM group obtained better scores based on the surgeon's feelings; in terms of the equipment characteristics, the 3D-DIM group had lower scores for clarity and higher scores for flexibility and adaptivity. Based on our randomized prospective study in a rat model, we believe that the 3D-DIM can improve surgeon comfort without compromising outcomes in male infertility reconstructive microsurgery, so the 3D-DIM might be widely used in the future.

20.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(1): 172-180, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554815

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical effectiveness of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients treated by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), and to investigate new therapy strategy for the treatment of relapse after allo-HSCT. METHODS: 72 MDS patients treated by HSCT in our hospital from April 2013 to November 2019 were enrolled and analyzed retrospectively. The effect of allo-HSCT was summarized. The risk factors affecting the survival and relapse of the patients were investigated. RESULTS: Among 72 patients, the median follow up was 37(12-111) months. 57 patients survived(79.2%),while 15 patients died(20.8%). The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate and 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate were 76.6% and 62.3%, respectively. IPSS-R, TP53 mutation and chronic graft versus-host-disease (cGVHD) were the risk factors affecting the OS of the MDS patients after treated by allo-HSCT. IPSS-R, TP53 mutation and Ⅲ-Ⅳ° acute graft versus-host-disease (aGVHD) were the risk factors affecting the DFS of the MDS patients after treated by allo-HSCT. After transplanted, 19 patients (26.4%) emerged aGVHD, and 5 patients (6.9%) emerged Ⅲ-Ⅳ° aGVHD, 25 patients (34.7%) emerged cGVHD, while 4 patients (5.6%) emerged extensive cGVHD. 17 patients (23.3%) relapsed, and the 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) rate was 27.5%. IPSS-R, TP53 mutation and cGVHD were the risk factors affecting the relapse of the patients. The median survival time after relapse was 9 months. There were 7 out of 17 relapsed patients survived without disease, while 10 patients died. The OS rate of patients treated with maintained hypomethylation agents(HMA) combined with G-CSF mobilized donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) was significantly higher than the patients without HMA (80.0% vs 10.0%, P=0.002). CONCLUSION: Allo-HSCT is an effective therapy for intermediate and high risk MDS patients. But relapse after HSCT is still a major problem that affecting the survival of the patients. Maintenance treatment of HMA combined with DLI may improve the long-time survival of MDS patients with relapsed after treated by allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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