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1.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(18): 8194-8203, 2022 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35482960

RESUMO

3,6-Carbazole precursors were used to prepare an octaphyrin. The conformation and electronic structure of the system could be modulated through trifluoroacetate (TFA) protonation and BF2 complexation. The resulting nonaromatic macrocyclic complexes, 2-2TFA and 2-2BF2, displayed noteworthy photophysical properties. For instance, the diprotonated species 2-2TFA showed a strong panchromic absorption up to 800 nm, while the bis-BF2-chelated dipyrromethene (BODIPY)-like complex 2-2BF2 exhibited an intense visible absorption feature (ε535nm = 2.1 × 105 M-1 cm-1), as well as a relatively red-shifted emission at 640 nm characterized by a large Stokes shift. It was found that 2-2BF2 could be used to construct a high-quality organic microlaser that functions under optical pumping. The present study highlights the potential utility of expanded porphyrins as possible laser dyes.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Porfirinas , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Lasers , Conformação Molecular , Porfirinas/química
2.
Adv Mater ; 33(17): e2006482, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742505

RESUMO

Nanocrystal-in-glass (NIG) is an exciting class of composites, because it can not only combine the advantages of crystal and glass materials but also potentially generate new physical phenomenon in a cooperative manner. Herein, the nonlinear light-matter interaction processes in a broad range of NIG composites homogeneously embedded with LiNbO3 are investigated. It is shown that, by rational control of the organization manner of crystal and glass phases, second-harmonic generation (SHG) can be precisely tuned. Importantly, an unusual SHG phenomenon, transverse SHG (TSHG), can be realized in the special region of the microstructure map combined with the features of high loading, nanoscale size, and homogenous distribution of nanocrystals. Furthermore, NIG composites exhibit broadband optical response, allowing TSHG in a wide waveband region to be achieved. Based on the above effects, the applications of the constructed NIG composite for precise measurement of the group velocity and duration of ultrashort optical pulses with femtosecond time scales are demonstrated. Indeed, the findings outline a fundamental principle to design NIG configurations for creating new properties, providing new directions for expanding the scope of NIG functional materials.

3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 385, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452266

RESUMO

Chemically synthesized metal nanowires are promising building blocks for next-generation photonic integrated circuits, but technological implementation in monolithic integration will be severely hampered by the lack of controllable and precise manipulation approaches, due to the strong adhesion of nanowires to substrates in non-liquid environments. Here, we demonstrate this obstacle can be removed by our proposed earthworm-like peristaltic crawling motion mechanism, based on the synergistic expansion, friction, and contraction in plasmon-driven metal nanowires in non-liquid environments. The evanescently excited surface plasmon greatly enhances the heating effect in metal nanowires, thereby generating surface acoustic waves to drive the nanowires crawling along silica microfibres. Advantages include sub-nanometer positioning accuracy, low actuation power, and self-parallel parking. We further demonstrate on-chip manipulations including transporting, positioning, orientation, and sorting, with on-situ operation, high selectivity, and great versatility. Our work paves the way to realize full co-integration of various functionalized photonic components on single chips.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(39): 43976-43983, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885944

RESUMO

A cyano-substituted styrene derivative is synthesized and successfully prepared to lamellate single crystals through precisely controlling the crystal growth conditions. The lamellate single crystals with regular edge and smooth surface display intrinsically ordered stacking and high quality, all of which are of importance for high optoelectronic performance. The single-component light-emitting transistors based on the lamellate crystals offer striking device performance in terms of record external quantum efficiency of 2.02%, exceeding the benchmark value in this field. Such organic light-emitting single crystals provide a versatile platform for designing and engineering their structures and optoelectronic properties toward light-emitting devices.

5.
Small ; 16(8): e1907074, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003921

RESUMO

Organic microlasers have attracted much attention due to their unique features such as high mechanical flexibility, facile doping of gain materials, high optical quality, simplicity and low-cost fabrication. However, organic gain materials usually suffer from aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ), preventing further advances of organic microlasers. Here, a new type of microlaser from aggregation-induced emission (AIE) material is successfully demonstrated. By introducing a typical noncrystalline AIE material, a high quality microlaser is obtained via a surface tension-induced self-assembly approach. Distinct from conventional organic microlasers, the organic luminescent material used here is initially nonluminescent but can shine after aggregation under optical pumping. Further investigations demonstrate that AIE-based microlasers exhibit advantages to enable much higher doping concentrations, which provides an alternative way to improved lasing performance including dramatically reduced threshold and favorable lasing stability. It is believed that these results could provide a promising way to extend the content of microlasers and open a new avenue to enable applications ranging from chemical sensing to biology.

6.
Chem Sci ; 11(15): 4007-4015, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34122870

RESUMO

Further development of high-efficiency and low-cost organic fluorescent materials is intrinsically hampered by the energy gap law and spin statistics, especially in the near-infrared (NIR) region. Here we design a novel building block with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) activity for realizing highly efficient luminophores covering the deep-red and NIR region, which originates from an increase in the orbital overlap and electron-withdrawing ability. An organic donor-acceptor molecule (BPMT) with the building block is prepared and can readily form J-type molecular columns with multiple C-H⋯N/O interactions. Notably, such synthesized materials can emit fluorescence centered at 701 nm with extremely high photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs) of 48.7%. Experimental and theoretical investigations reveal that the formation of the hybridized local and charge-transfer (HLCT) state and substantial C-H⋯N/O interactions contribute to a fast radiative decay rate and a slow nonradiative decay rate, respectively, resulting in high PLQYs in the solid state covering the NIR range. Remarkably, such BPMT crystals, as a first example, reveal strong-penetrability piezochromism along with a distinct PL change from the deep-red (λ max = 704 nm) to NIR (λ max = 821 nm) region. Moreover, such typical AIE-active luminophores are demonstrated to be a good candidate as a lasing medium. Together with epoxy resin by a self-assembly method, a microlaser is successfully illustrated with a lasing wavelength of 735.2 nm at a threshold of 22.3 kW cm-2. These results provide a promising approach to extend the contents of deep-red/NIR luminophores and open a new avenue to enable applications ranging from chemical sensing to lasing.

7.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 10(10)2019 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546605

RESUMO

It is highly desirable to design optical devices with diverse optomechanical functions. Here, we investigate lateral optical force exerted on subwavelength-diameter (SD) optical fibers harnessed by input light modes with different polarizations. It is interesting to find that input light modes of circular or elliptical polarizations would bring about lateral optical force in new directions, which has not been observed in previous studies. By means of finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations, detailed spatial distributions of the asymmetric transverse force density are revealed, meanwhile dependence of optical force on input light polarizations, fiber diameters, and inclination angles of fiber endfaces are all carefully discussed. It is believed that polarization-sensitive reflection, refraction, and diffraction of optical fields occur at the interface, i.e., fiber oblique endfaces, resulting in asymmetrically distributed optical fields and thereafter non-zero transverse optical force. We believe our new findings could be helpful for constructing future steerable optomechanical devices with more flexibility.

8.
Opt Express ; 26(6): 6499-6506, 2018 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29609338

RESUMO

We investigate transverse optical forces exerted on the endface of subwavelength-diameter (SD) optical fiber by using a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. Detailed spatial distributions of transverse optical force along the fiber axis can now be accessible, based on which the dependence of transverse optical force on transverse cross sections, oblique-cut endfaces and high-order mode are carefully studied. Our numerical results demonstrate that either asymmetric cross section or oblique-cut endface would dominantly contribute to the transverse optical force and the corresponding sideways deflection of SD fiber, which is in good agreement with previous experimental observations. The novel behavior of transverse optical force by the high-order mode would give rise to new guidelines for constructing high-performance optomechanical devices.

9.
Research (Wash D C) ; 2018: 7527825, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549037

RESUMO

Instantaneous control over the orientation of anisotropically shaped plasmonic nanostructures allows for selective excitation of plasmon modes and enables dynamic tuning of the plasmonic properties. Herein we report the synthesis of rod-shaped magnetic/plasmonic core-shell nanocomposite particles and demonstrate the active tuning of their optical property by manipulating their orientation using an external magnetic field. We further design and construct an IR-photoelectric coupling system, which generates an output voltage depending on the extinction property of the measured nanocomposite sample. We employ the device to demonstrate that the nanocomposite particles can serve as units for information encryption when immobilized in a polymer film and additionally when dispersed in solution can be employed as a new type of magnetic-field-direction sensor.

10.
ACS Nano ; 10(7): 6623-30, 2016 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27284993

RESUMO

Organometal halide perovskite has recently emerged as a very promising family of materials with augmented performance in electronic and optoelectronic applications including photovoltaic devices, photodetectors, and light-emitting diodes. Herein, we propose and demonstrate facile solution synthesis of a series of colloidal organometal halide perovskite CH3NH3PbX3 (X = halides) nanoparticles with amorphous structure, which exhibit high quantum yield and tunable emission from ultraviolet to near-infrared. The growth mechanism and photoluminescence properties of the perovskite amorphous nanoparticles were studied in detail. A high-efficiency green-light-emitting diode based on amorphous CH3NH3PbBr3 nanoparticles was demonstrated. The perovskite amorphous nanoparticle-based light-emitting diode shows a maximum luminous efficiency of 11.49 cd/A, a power efficiency of 7.84 lm/W, and an external quantum efficiency of 3.8%, which is 3.5 times higher than that of the best colloidal perovskite quantum-dot-based light-emitting diodes previously reported. Our findings indicate the great potential of colloidal perovskite amorphous nanoparticles in light-emitting devices.

11.
Nano Lett ; 15(8): 5653-7, 2015 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26203670

RESUMO

Controlling nonlinear light-matter interaction is important from a fundamental science point of view as well as a basis for future optoelectronic devices. Recent advances in two-dimensional crystals have created opportunities to manipulate nonlinear processes electrically. Here we report a strong second-harmonic generation (SHG) in a 2D WSe2 bilayer crystal caused by a back gate field. This unusual process takes place only when the gate polarity causes charge accumulation rather than depletion. Analysis based on a bond-charge model traces the origin of SHG to the nonuniform field distribution within a single monolayer, caused by the accumulated submonolayer screening charge in the tungsten plane. We name this phenomenon charge-induced SHG (CHISHG), which is fundamentally different from the field- or current-induced SHG. Our findings provide a potentially valuable technique for understanding and noninvasive probing of charge and current distributions in future low dimensional electronic devices.

12.
Nano Lett ; 14(6): 3487-90, 2014 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24807852

RESUMO

Integration of miniaturized elements has been a major driving force behind modern photonics. Nanowires have emerged as potential building blocks for compact photonic circuits and devices in nanophotonics. We demonstrate here a single nanowire optical correlator (SNOC) for ultrafast pulse characterization based on imaging of the second harmonic (SH) generated from a cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanowire by counterpropagating guided pulses. The SH spatial image can be readily converted to the temporal profile of the pulses, and only an overall pulse energy of 8 µJ is needed to acquire a clear image of 200 fs pulses. Such a correlator should be easily incorporated into a photonic circuit for future use of on-chip ultrafast optical technology.

13.
Opt Express ; 21(19): 22314-9, 2013 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24104121

RESUMO

Multicolour lasing with wavelength varying from 578 nm to 640 nm is realized from a single bandgap-graded CdSSe alloy nanoribbon, by selecting the excited spot at room temperature. Though reabsorption is a serious problem to achieve lasing at short wavelength, multiple scatters on the nanoribbon form localized cavities, and thus lasing at different wavelengths is realized. By increasing the excitation area, multicolour lasing from the same nanoribbon is also observed simultaneously.

14.
Opt Express ; 20(8): 8667-74, 2012 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22513576

RESUMO

We report the first observation of supercontinuum (SC) generation in single semiconductor nanoribbons (NRs). By launching a continuous wave (CW) 532-nm pump light along a 200-µm-length CdS NR for waveguiding excitation, SC generation is realized with a threshold down to sub-milliwatt level, which is ~3 orders lower compared with previous CW-pumped SC generated in glass fibers. The low threshold is benefitted from the favorable material properties and waveguide geometries including high Raman gains, strong light confinement, more optical guided modes and phonon modes. Our work paves the way to low-threshold nanoscale SC sources and may find widespread applications ranging from spectroscopic analysis and biological imaging to material research.

15.
Lab Chip ; 11(21): 3720-4, 2011 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21947202

RESUMO

We report a microfibre absorption sensor by using a 900 nm diameter silica microfibre embedded in a 125 µm wide microchannel with a detection length of 2.5 cm. Investigated by measuring the absorbance of methylene blue (MB), the sensor shows a detection limit down to 50 pM with excellent reversibility in a concentration range of 0-5 nM. The sensor has also been applied to bovine serum albumin (BSA) measurement, with a detection limit of 10 fg mL(-1). In addition, the sample volume requirement is merely 500 nL with a probing light power of about 150 nW, which is very promising for safe detection of single or a few molecules of biological specimens.

16.
Nanotechnology ; 22(42): 425201, 2011 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21937788

RESUMO

A large defect-induced sub-bandgap photoresponse over a broad spectral range is observed in semiconductor single nanowires via optical waveguiding excitation. Using an evanescent coupling technique, the excitation sub-bandgap light is efficiently transferred from a silica fiber taper into a CdS single nanowire (bandgap ∼ 2.46 eV), and is tightly confined and guided through the whole length of the nanowire, which significantly enhances the light-defect interaction compared with the conventional irradiation excitation scheme. Under 593 nm wavelength (∼2.09 eV) waveguiding excitation with an input power of 10 pW level at room temperature, a 350 nm diameter 150 µm-length CdS nanowire shows a responsivity of 250 A W( - 1), offering a sub-bandgap photosensitivity five orders of magnitude larger than by irradiation excitation. These results may open opportunities for noninvasive characterization of defect states in semiconductor nanowires, as well as for enabling novel sub-bandgap nanowire devices.

17.
Opt Lett ; 36(16): 3115-7, 2011 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21847178

RESUMO

We fabricate fiber Bragg grating (FBG) in microfibers (MFs) using focused ion beam milling technique. By periodically etching 100 nm-depth grooves on the surface of silica MFs with diameters less than 2 µm, evident grating features with transmission dip up to 15 dB are obtained. Because of the high-index contrast of the gratings structure, the length of the microfiber Bragg grating (MFBG) can be reduced to 500 µm level. Using a 518 µm-length 1.8 µm-diameter MFBG, we also demonstrate sensitivity up to 660 nm per refractive index unit (RIU) for refractive index (RI) sensing. The highly compact MFBGs demonstrated here may serve as low-dimensional building blocks for miniaturized photonic components and devices.

18.
Opt Express ; 19(11): 10880-5, 2011 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21643346

RESUMO

We demonstrate broadband optical quenching of photoconductivity in CdSe single nanowires with low excitation power. Using 1550-nm-wavelength light with 10-nW power for waveguiding excitation, we observe a typical responsivity of 0.5 A/W for quenching the photoconductivity established by 10-µW 660-nm-wavelength background light in a 403-nm-diameter CdSe nanowire, with detectable limit of the quenching power down to pW level at room temperature, which is several orders of magnitude lower than those reported previously. This large quenching effect originates from the enhanced light-defect interaction in the nanowires via waveguiding excitation. These results open new opportunities for noninvasive characterization of deep-level defect states in low-dimensional semiconductor nanomaterials, and novel optoelectronic applications of semiconductor nanowires such as high-sensitive broadband photodetection.

19.
Opt Express ; 19(5): 3902-7, 2011 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21369215

RESUMO

We demonstrate whispering gallery (WG) resonance of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in a 2-dimensional confined Au cylinder by self interference. Despite the leakage of SPPs along the axis of the cylinder, Q factors of 375 are obtained in a cylinder with diameter of 30 µm. The coupling-angle-dependence of the WG resonance is also investigated. Our results open opportunities for a new category of plasmonic cavities with 2-dimensional confinement, and this may be applied to a variety of simple and natural metallic micro or nanostructures.


Assuntos
Ouro/química , Modelos Químicos , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/métodos , Simulação por Computador , Luz , Espalhamento de Radiação
20.
Nano Lett ; 11(3): 1122-6, 2011 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21322600

RESUMO

We demonstrate single-mode laser emission in single nanowires. By folding a 200 nm diameter CdSe nanowire to form loop mirrors, single-mode laser emission around 738 nm wavelength is obtained with line width of 0.12 nm and low threshold. The mode selection is realized by the vernier effect of coupled cavities in the folded nanowire. In addition, the loop structure makes it possible to tune the nanowire cavity, opening an opportunity to realize a tunable single-mode nanowire laser.

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