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1.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24095, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) becoming a heavy disease burden in China, it is particular to reveal its pathological mechanism. Recent researches have indicated that small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) may be involved in various cancers including HCC. Polymorphisms within snoRNAs may affect its function or expression level, and even its host gene, then produce series of effects related to itself or its host gene. METHODS: The association of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2305789 in SNORD105 with HCC susceptibility was evaluated in two independent case-control sets (712 HCC and 801 controls). The contribution of rs2305789 to HCC risk was investigated using case-control, genotype-phenotype correlation analysis, and functional assays. RESULTS: The SNP rs2305789 was significantly associated with a decreased risk of HCC in both case-control sets (OR = 0.80, 95% CI: 0.69-0.93, p = 0.003). Compared with the AA genotype, the GG genotype was significantly correlated with lower expression of both SNORD105 and PPAN (p < 0.01). Furthermore, the overexpressed SNORD105 up-regulated PPAN expression level (p < 0.05). Finally, the in vivo experiment showed that the overexpressed SNORD105 increased cell viability and motility in both HepG2 and Huh7 cell lines (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: To sum up, our results suggested that rs2305789 decreased the risk of HCC by reducing the expression of both SNORD105 and PPAN, which reduced HCC cell viability and motility.

2.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739190

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Glucose metabolic disorder is the main cause for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) progression. Exploring the molecular mechanisms of metabolic disorder are crucial for T2DM treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MicroRNA (miR)-363, NOTCH1 and forkhead box C2 (FOXC2) expressions in high glucose (HG)-treated HepG2 cells and the livers of T2DM rats were assessed using qPCR. Protein levels of NOTCH1, FOXC2 and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/serine/threonine protein kinase (Akt)-related proteins were evaluated using western blot. Lipid accumulation was determined using Oil Red O staining. Then glucose consumption, blood glucose level and glycogen content were detected using kits. Finally, dual luciferase reporter assay was employed to verify the binding relationship between miR-363 and NOTCH1, and the binding relationship between miR-363 and FOXC2. RESULTS: MiR-363 was significantly upregulated in the livers of diabetic rats and HG-induced HepG2 cells, while NOTCH1 and FOXC2 were downregulated. In HG-induced HepG2 cells, miR-363 inhibitor markedly increased glucose consumption and uptake, and reduced accumulation of lipid droplets. Then NOTCH1 and FOXC2 were identified as downstream targets of miR-363. NOTCH1 overexpression or FOXC2 overexpression could ameliorate glucose and lipids metabolism disorder in T2DM model cells. In addition, we found that FOXC2 inhibition abolished the effect of NOTCH1 overexpression on HG-induced HepG2 cells. Finally, we proved that PI3K/AKT pathway was the downstream pathway of FOXC2. CONCLUSION: MiR-363 was considered as a key regulator of glucose and lipids metabolism in T2DM, which regulated PI3K/AKT axis by targeting NOTCH1 and FOXC2, thus leading to hepatic glucose and lipids metabolism disorder in T2DM.

3.
Reprod Sci ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750770

RESUMO

To assess associations between infants with macrosomia and placental expression levels of lipid activated/transport-related factors and umbilical cord blood lipid concentrations in healthy pregnancy. We conducted a case-control study of 38 macrosomic neonates (MS group) and 39 normal-birth-weight newborns (NC group) in a healthy pregnancy. Cord blood lipid levels were measured by automatic biochemical analyzer, mRNA and protein expression levels of placental lipid activated/transport-related factors were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot, respectively. Compared with NC group, cord blood total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC), and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations were decreased in the MS group. The mRNA and protein expression levels of placental peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARα, PPARγ), plasma membrane fatty acid-binding protein (FABPpm), and fatty acid translocase (FAT/CD36) were significantly higher in the MS group than the NC group. And there was a weak positive correlation between the expression of PPARγ, FABP4, and FABP3 mRNA in the placenta and the HDLC (rs = 0.439; P = 0.005), NEFA (rs = 0.342; P = 0.041), and TG (rs = 0.349; P = 0.034) levels in the cord blood in the MS group, respectively. After multivariate adjustment, the logistic regression analysis showed that high placental PPARα (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 3.022; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.032-8.853) and FAT/CD36 (AOR=2.989; 95%CI 1.029-8.679) and low LDLC concentration in the cord blood (AOR=0.246; 95%CI 0.080-0.759) increased the risk of macrosomia. The increased PPARα and FAT/CD36 expression levels may influence the occurrence of fetal macrosomia through regulating placental lipid transport.

4.
Virus Res ; 308: 198630, 2021 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788643

RESUMO

The oak lappet moth, Trabala vishnou gigantina is a forest insect pest that damages broad-leaf trees severely. Trabala vishnou gigantina nucleopolyhedrovirus (TrviNPV) has been isolated from a naturally infected T. vishnou gigantina larva and investigated for its biology and the potential to be a biological control agent against its insect host. TrviNPV was characterized by electron microscope of occlusion bodies (OBs), genomic sequencing and field control efficacy. TrviNPV OBs exhibited an irregular polyhedral shape varying in size from 0.99 to 3.99 µm with multiple nucleocapsids per virion. The genome of this virus was 165 657 bp in length with 40.33% GC content and encoded 146 putative ORFs including the 38 baculovirus core genes. TrviNPV is a group II alphabaculovirus that encodes F protein and lacks the gp64 gene specific to group I alphabaculoviruses. Phylogeny and Kimura-2 parameter analysis revealed TrviNPV to be a novel species and closest to ArdiNPV, EupsNPV and OrleNPV. Bioassays and field trials in a shrubland revealed that TrviNPV was virulent and effective to control T. vishnou gigantina in arid semi-desert region. This work firstly reported the whole genome of TrviNPV as well as its biological characters for a possibility to develop this virus as bio-pesticide in the future.

5.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 727154, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803677

RESUMO

The product investigated herein is the dried rhizome of Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz. [Asteraceae] (Baizhu), which is also known as Dongbaizhu, Wuzhu, Yuzhu, Zhezhu, and Zhongzhu, among others. It invigorates the spleen, replenishes qi, and removes dampness, diuresis, and hidroschesis, and impacts fetal safety. It is often used for the treatment of diseases such as spleen function deficiency, abdominal distension, diarrhea, sputum, vertigo, edema, fever, and sweating and also aids cessation of minimal vaginal bleeding during pregnancy. In this study, research pertaining to the ethnopharmacology, application, phytochemistry, analytical methods, quality control, processing, pharmacology, toxicology, and pharmacokinetics of Baizhu has been reviewed. Relevant information and data reported for Baizhu were collected from CNKI, VIP, PubMed, Web of Science, scientific databases, Chinese Medicinal Material Encyclopedia, Chinese herbal medicine classics, Chinese medicine dictionary, doctoral and master's theses, and so on. Baizhu demonstrates diuretic, antidiuretic, anti-inflammatory effects and antitumor function and aids regulation of gastrointestinal function, hypoglycemic effect, analgesic action, protection on the liver ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in rats, inhibition of aromatase, treatment of bone disease, strengthening myocardial contraction ability, detoxification and cholagogic effect, fall hematic fat action, such as the treatment of acute renal injury, and so on. It also can be an anticoagulant, improve the nervous system disease, affect the immune system, and regulate uterine smooth muscle, antioxidation, antiaging, and antibacterial effect. Sesquiterpenoids, triterpenoids, polyacetylenes, phenylpropanoids, coumarins, flavonoids, flavonoid glycosides, steroids, benzoquinones, polysaccharides, and other compounds were isolated from Baizhu. Among them, sesquiterpenoids, polysaccharides, and polyacetylenes are the main components of Baizhu. Baizhu exhibits a wide range of pharmacological effects and constitutes a considerable proportion of the composition of many proprietary crude drugs. It mainly affects the endocrine, nervous, and urinary systems. The presented information suggests that we should focus on the development of new drugs related to Baizhu, including specific components, to achieve a greater therapeutic potential that can be considered to further explore the information related to Baizhu.

6.
Development ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751773

RESUMO

Pericytes reside in capillary beds where they share a basement membrane with endothelial cells and regulate their function. However, little is known about embryonic pericyte development, in part, due to lack of specific molecular markers and genetic tools. Here, we applied single cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) of platelet derived growth factor beta (pdgfrb)-positive cells to molecularly characterize pericytes in zebrafish larvae. scRNA-seq revealed zebrafish cells expressing mouse pericyte gene orthologs while comparison to bulk RNA-seq from wild type and pdgfrb mutant larvae further refined a pericyte geneset. Subsequent integration with mouse pericyte scRNA-seq profiles revealed a core set of conserved pericyte genes. Using transgenic reporter lines, we validated pericyte expression of two genes identified in our analysis: NDUFA4 mitochondrial complex associated like 2a (ndufa4l2a), and potassium voltage-gated channel, Isk-related family, member 4 (kcne4). Both reporter lines exhibited pericyte expression in multiple anatomical locations, while kcne4 was also detected in a subset of vascular smooth muscle cells. Thus, our integrated molecular analysis revealed a molecular profile for zebrafish pericytes and allowed us to develop new tools to observe these cells in vivo.

7.
Chemosphere ; : 132816, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752833

RESUMO

Polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs), of which the surface is a dynamic liquid water layer and might consist of aqueous HNO3 and H2O2, is a well-known key meteorological condition contributing to the ozone hole in the polar stratosphere. PSCs has been considered to provide abundant surface for the heterogeneous reactions causing the formation of the Cl2 and HOCl, which are further photolyzed into Cl and ClO radicals leading to the ozone destruction. Here we demonstrated that the sunlight drives the massive and stable production of OH radicals in aqueous HNO3 and its main photo-induced byproduct HNO2. We also found that the photo-generated OH radicals in aqueous HNO3, HNO2 and H2O2 have the remarkable capability to react with the dissolved HCl, Cl- and Br- to form halogen radicals. In addition, we observed that the H2O2 can react with dissolved HCl and Br- in darkness to form and release Cl2 and Br2 gases, which could further be photolyzed into reactive halogen radicals whenever sunlight is available. All these findings suggest that, except for the well-known heterogeneous reactions, photochemical reactions involving the aqueous HNO3 and H2O2 on and within PSCs surface might constitute another important halogen activation pathway for ozone destruction. This study may shed deeper insights into the mechanism of halogen radicals resulting in ozone depletion in polar stratosphere.

8.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1187: 339146, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753564

RESUMO

Mitophagy, a specialized form of autophagy, holds the key to cellular metabolism and physiology. Viscosity is a significant marker for visualization of the mitophagy process in real-time. Hence, development of well-performing viscosity probe is beneficial to study mitophagy-related dynamic physiological and pathological processes. Here, a new strategy was proposed by combination of AIE property and molecular rotors to design novel viscosity probe. The probe named TPA-Py was obtained by Knoevenagel condensation reaction of AIE unit and pyridine salt, which giving the probe excellent near-infrared emission, good water-solubility and mitochondrial targeting ability. Most importantly, TPA-Py owns two rotatable parts of triphenylamine and double bond, enabling the probe to equip with AIE property and sensitive recognition units for viscosity. With the environmental viscosity increasing, the rotation of the molecular rotor and the AIE unit is restricted effectively, the probe displayed strong fluorescence. Then, TPA-Py was successfully employed for monitoring the mitophagy process in A549 cells by imaging viscosity alterations. As mitophagy constitutes an important consideration in the pathogenesis of drug-induced liver injury, TPA-Py was also applied to explore the variation of viscosity in production and remediation pathways of APAP-induced liver injury. These results demonstrated that TPA-Py was a highly sensitive viscosity probe which holds great potential of biological applications.


Assuntos
Fígado , Mitofagia , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes , Células HeLa , Humanos , Viscosidade
9.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(10): 1044-1049, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719421

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the expression levels of microRNA-138 (miR-138) and Runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) in peripheral blood of children with cough variant asthma (CVA) and their regulatory effects on Th1/Th2 balance. METHODS: Sixty-five children with CVA (CVA group) and 30 healthy children (control group) were enrolled. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected for both groups, and CD4+ T cells were isolated and cultured. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the levels of interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 that were secreted by CD4+ T cells. Flow cytometry was used to determine the percentages of Th1 and Th2 cells. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the level of RUNX3 mRNA in CD4+ T cells and the level of miR-138 in peripheral blood. Western blot was used to determine the protein expression of RUNX3 in CD4+ T cells. The dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to determine the targeting effects of miR-138 and RUNX3. The RUNX3-mimic plasmid was transfected into CD4+ T cells, and the effects on the levels of IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 and the percentages of Th1 and Th2 cells were measured. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the CVA group showed significantly decreased levels of IFN-γ and IL-2 from CD4+ T cells, significantly increased levels of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 from CD4+ T cells, significantly decreased Th1 cell percentage and Th1/Th2 ratio, and a significantly increased Th2 cell percentage (P<0.05). The CVA group showed significantly lower relative expression levels of RUNX3 mRNA and protein in CD4+ T cells in peripheral blood than the control group (P<0.001). The relative expression level of miR-138 was significantly higher in the CVA group than in the control group (P<0.001). MiR-138 could target the expression of RUNX3. Upregulating the expression of RUNX3 in CD4+ T cells induced significantly increased levels of IFN-γ and IL-2, significantly decreased levels of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13, significantly increased Th1 cell percentage and Th1/Th2 ratio, and a significantly decreased Th2 cell percentage (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MiR-138 regulates Th1/Th2 balance by targeting RUNX3 in children with CVA, providing a new direction for the treatment of CVA.


Assuntos
Asma , MicroRNAs , Criança , Subunidade alfa 3 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Tosse , Humanos , Interleucina-13 , MicroRNAs/genética , Células Th1 , Equilíbrio Th1-Th2 , Células Th2
10.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34718746

RESUMO

Noncanonical nucleic acid structures, such as G-quadruplex (G4) and i-Motif (iM), have attracted increasing research interests because of their unique structural and binding properties, as well as their important biological activities. To date, thousands of small molecules that bind to varying G4/iM structures have been designed, synthesized and tested for diverse chemical and biological uses. Because of the huge potential and increasing research interests on G4-targeting ligands, we launched the first G4 ligand database G4LDB in 2013. Here, we report a new version, termed G4LDB 2.2 (http://www.g4ldb.com), with upgrades in both content and function. Currently, G4LDB2.2 contains >3200 G4/iM ligands, ∼28 500 activity entries and 79 G4-ligand docking models. In addition to G4 ligand library, we have also added a brand new iM ligand library to G4LDB 2.2, providing a comprehensive view of quadruplex nucleic acids. To further enhance user experience, we have also redesigned the user interface and optimized the database structure and retrieval mechanism. With these improvements, we anticipate that G4LDB 2.2 will serve as a comprehensive resource and useful research toolkit for researchers across wide scientific communities and accelerate discovering and validating better binders and drug candidates.

11.
Open Life Sci ; 16(1): 992-1001, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604533

RESUMO

Microglia are the principal glial cells involved in the processes of immune inflammation within both retina and optic nerve, especially under the context of glaucomatous neuropathy. Considering the distinguishing role of retinal microglia in glaucoma and the lack of established protocol for microglia isolation from animal glaucoma model, the present study aimed to develop and validate a method with characteristics of both simplicity and efficiency for retinal microglia isolation from chronic ocular hypertensive (COH) rats. A Percoll gradient of various concentrations was used to separate microglia from whole retinal cells of the COH rats and control group. The finally isolated microglia were identified by CD11b and Iba-1 immunofluorescence staining, and the cell viability was determined by trypan blue staining. Additionally, the proportion of microglia in the whole retina cells was identified by flow cytometry. Results showed that the survival rates of isolated retinal microglia with the Percoll gradient method were 67.2 ± 4% and 67.6 ± 3% in control and COH groups, respectively. The proportion of the microglia population in the whole retinal cells was about 0.4-0.93%. To conclude, the present study confirmed that the application of Percoll gradient could effectively separate microglia from retinas of COH rats, which will probably enrich the tool kit for basic researchers of glaucoma specialty and help with scientific investigations.

12.
Curr Neurovasc Res ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645375

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extracellular vesicle (EV)-based therapy has been identified as a leading alternative approach in several disease models. EV derived from the olfactory ensheathing cell (OEC) has been documented for its strong neuro-regenerative capacity. However, no information on its cargo that may contribute to its therapeutic effect has been available. OBJECTIVE: To report the first miRNA profile of human OEC (hOEC) -EV, and investigate the neuroprotective effects. METHODS: hOEC-EV was isolated and sequenced. We established in vitro experiments to assess the therapeutic potential of hOEC-EVs with respect to insulted neural progenitor cells (NPCs), and the angiogenesis effect. Secondary post-injury insults were imitated using t-BHP-mediated oxidative stress. RESULTS: We noted a strong abundance of hOEC-EV-miRNAs, including hsa-miR148a-3p, has-miR151a-3p and several members of let-7 family. The common targets of 15 miRNAs among the top 20 miRNAs were thrombospondin 1 and cyclin dependent kinase 6. We demonstrated that hOEC-EVs promote normal NPC proliferation and differentiation to neuron-like morphologies with prolonged axons. hOEC-EVs protect cells from t-BHP mediated apoptosis. We also found that the migration rate of either NPCs or endothelial cells significantly improved with hOEC-EVs. Furthermore, in vitro tube formation assays indicated that angiogenesis, an important process for tissue repair, was significantly enhanced in human umbilical vein endothelial cells exposed to hOEC-EVs. CONCLUSION: Our results revealed that hOEC-EVs exert neuroprotective effects by protecting cells from apoptosis and promoting in vitro biological processes that are important to neural tissue repair, including neural cell proliferation, axonal growth, and cell migration, in addition to enhancing angiogenesis.

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13.
Int J Nurs Pract ; : e13022, 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elders' disability severity and caregiver health could predict elders' informal care time, but the mechanism by which the degree of disability in the elderly affects informal care time is unclear. AIM: The aim of this works is to explore the mediating roles of caregiver health and home-based care quality between disability severity of elders and informal care time in far north-western low-income areas in China. METHOD: From September 2017 to February 2018, three hundred fifty-two dyads of Kazakh disabled elders and informal caregivers in Xinjiang were interviewed. Structural equation modelling analyses were applied. RESULTS: Significant positive correlations were observed between elders' disability severity and informal care time, caregiver health and informal care time, elders' disability severity and caregiver health. Significant negative correlations were observed between home-based care quality and informal care time, elders' disability severity and home-based care quality, caregiver health and home-based care quality. Elders' disability severity had 71.94% direct effect on informal care time, 28.06% indirect effect on informal care time mediated by home-based care quality and caregiver health. CONCLUSION: Caregiver health and home-based care quality play mediating roles on the path relationship between the elders' disability severity and informal care time.

14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(45)2021 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670842

RESUMO

Vaccination against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and other pathogens with pandemic potential requires safe, protective, inexpensive, and easily accessible vaccines that can be developed and manufactured rapidly at a large scale. DNA vaccines can achieve these criteria, but induction of strong immune responses has often required bulky, expensive electroporation devices. Here, we report an ultra-low-cost (<1 USD), handheld (<50 g) electroporation system utilizing a microneedle electrode array ("ePatch") for DNA vaccination against SARS-CoV-2. The low cost and small size are achieved by combining a thumb-operated piezoelectric pulser derived from a common household stove lighter that emits microsecond, bipolar, oscillatory electric pulses and a microneedle electrode array that targets delivery of high electric field strength pulses to the skin's epidermis. Antibody responses against SARS-CoV-2 induced by this electroporation system in mice were strong and enabled at least 10-fold dose sparing compared to conventional intramuscular or intradermal injection of the DNA vaccine. Vaccination was well tolerated with mild, transient effects on the skin. This ePatch system is easily portable, without any battery or other power source supply, offering an attractive, inexpensive approach for rapid and accessible DNA vaccination to combat COVID-19, as well as other epidemics.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Eletroporação/instrumentação , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinas de DNA/administração & dosagem , Animais , Vacinas contra COVID-19/genética , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , Custos e Análise de Custo , Eletroporação/economia , Eletroporação/métodos , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microeletrodos , Agulhas , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Pele/imunologia , Pele/metabolismo , Transfecção , Vacinação/economia , Vacinação/instrumentação , Vacinação/métodos , Vacinas de DNA/genética , Vacinas de DNA/imunologia
15.
J Neurol ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605986

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our aim is to investigate the associations of sleep disorders with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) α-synuclein (α-syn) in healthy controls (HCs), and patients with prodromal and early Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: We included a total of 575 individuals, consisting of 360 PD individuals, 46 prodromal PD individuals, and 169 HCs. Multiple linear regression models and linear mixed-effects models were used to investigate the associations of sleep disorders with baseline and longitudinal CSF α-syn. Associations between the change rates of sleep disorders and CSF α-syn were further investigated via multiple linear regression models. RESULTS: In PD, probable Rapid-eye-movement sleep Behavior Disorder (pRBD) (ß = - 0.1199; P = 0.0444) and RBD sub-items, such as aggressive dreams (ß = - 0.1652; P = 0.0072) and hurting bed partner (ß = - 0.2468; P = 0.0010), contributed to lower CSF α-syn. The association between aggressive dreams and lower CSF α-syn further survived Bonferroni correction (P < 0.0036). In prodromal PD, dream-enacting (a specific RBD behavior) was significantly associated with decreased CSF α-syn during the follow-up (ß = - 0.0124; P = 0.0237). HCs with daytime sleepiness when inactive-sitting in public places (ß = - 0.0033; P = 0.0135) showed decreased CSF α-syn. Furthermore, increased possibilities of daytime sleepiness when sitting and reading contributed to a greater decrease of CSF α-syn in HCs (ß = - 196.8779; P = 0.0433). CONCLUSIONS: Sleep disorders were associated with decreased CSF α-syn. Sleep management may be important for disease monitoring and preventing the progression of α-syn pathology.

16.
Forensic Sci Int ; 328: 111010, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592581

RESUMO

Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1), as a dynamic calcium signal transducer and key regulator of cardiomyocyte Ca2+ homeostasis, has been implicated in various pathological processes related to sudden cardiac death originated from coronary artery disease (SCD-CAD). In this study, we performed a systematic variant screening on promoter region of STIM1 to filter potential functional genetic variations. Based on the screening results, a 5-bp insertion/deletion (indel) polymorphism (rs3061890) in promoter region of STIM1 was selected as the candidate variant. We investigated the association of rs3061890 with SCD-CAD susceptibility in Chinese Han populations. The homozygote del/del genotype significantly increased risk for SCD-CAD as compared with the ins/ins genotype (odds ratio, 2.86 [95% confidence interval, 1.69-4.29]; P = 2.3 × 10-5). Compared with the common allele, the 5-bp deletion risk allele exhibited lower transcriptional capacity in luciferase assays. Intriguingly, genotype-phenotype correlation studies using human myocardium tissue samples revealed that the expression of STIM1 was associated with the genotype of rs3061890. Computational prediction combined with electrophoretic mobility shift (EMSA) and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays provided convincing evidence for stronger binding affinity of ELF1 (E74 like ETS transcription factor 1) with the deletion allele promoter. Taken together, our findings implied an allele-specific mechanism of regulating the transcription of STIM1 via ELF1, which contribute to SCD-CAD susceptibility. rs3061890 may thus considered as a candidate genetic marker for SCD-CAD prediction and prevention.

17.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(9): 675-679, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561078

RESUMO

Buxrugulosides A-E, four lignan glycosides (1-4) and a protocatechuate derivative (5) featuring a rare (N, N-diethyl)methyl amino group at aromatic rings, were obtained from the aerial parts of Buxus rugulosa, which is famous for treating coronary heart disease. Their structures including absolute configurations were elucidated by HRMS, 1D and 2D NMR, and by comparing their CD data with previous reports. Compound 1 was a rare sesquilignan, and all of these compounds were the first example of lignans with (N, N-diethyl)methyl amino group.


Assuntos
Buxus , Lignanas , Glicosídeos , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais
18.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 30(3): 522-536, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies had shown that trends in diet quality between children and adults may vary but lack quantitative comparisons. We aimed to compare diet quality and its trends between US children and adults in this research. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Children aged 2 to 18 and adults aged 19 to 59 years old in the US were enrolled the serial cross-sectional analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) cycles from 1999 to 2018. Diet quality was assessed using the Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015), and trends were analyzed by joinpoint regression model. RESULTS: This study included 31988 children and 34317 adults. From 1999 to 2018, there was a trend-change among 5 children's components trends (including total fruits in 2011-2012, whole fruits in 2005-2006, greens and beans in 2013-2014, dairy in 2013-2014, and total protein foods in 2013-2014, p for joinpoint <0.05 for each) and overall trend in 2013-2014, whereas no significant trend-change in adults' trend. The trends of overall HEI-2015 between children (average annual percent change 0.3%; 95% CI: -0.1% to 0.8%) and adults (0.3%; 95%CI: 0.0% to 0.6%) showed no significant difference in parallelism (p for parallelism=0.60), but a significant difference in coincidence (intercept -7.7±3.7 among children; -2.3±2.5 among adults; p for coincidence <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Children had a different trend with more trend-changes in diet quality compared with adults, and the diet quality of children was worse than that of adults during 1999-2018 in the US.


Assuntos
Dieta Saudável , Dieta , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Frutas , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(17): 4403-4409, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581043

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the pharmacodynamic differences of Puerariae Lobatae Radix(PLR), Puerariae Thomsonii Radix(PTR) and their different processed products and the influences of these medical materials on the diversity of intestinal flora. The Sennae Folium-induced diarrhea model, streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetes model and L-nitro-arginine methyl ester(L-NAME)-induced hypertension model were used to compare the pharmacodynamic differences in anti-diarrhea, blood glucose reduction and blood pressure lowering among raw, roasted and vinegar-processed PLR and PTR. The effects of raw and processed PLR and PTR on intestinal flora diversity of rats were evaluated by 16 S rDNA high-throughput sequencing. The roasted PLR and PTR performed better in anti-diarrhea, especially the former. PLR and its processed products all presented the efficacy of reducing blood glucose, and the vinegar-processed PLR was the most outstanding. The raw PTR was not that effective in reducing blood glucose, whereas its efficacy was improved after roasting and vinegar processing. Both PLR and PTR were capable of lowering blood pressure to a certain extent, and PLR is superior to PTR in this aspect. Further, the vinegar-processed PLR showed the best effect. The diversity of intestinal flora was different among rats to which different products of PLR and PTR were administered. The roasted PLR led to the highest abundance of Lactobacillus, which was closely related to its best antidiarrheal effect. The highest abilities of vinegar-processed PLR to lower blood glucose and blood pressure were associated with the high abundance of Blautia and Prevotella_9. This study lays a foundation for elucidating the processing mechanisms of PLR and PTR and provides a basis for their further development and application.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Pueraria , Animais , Raízes de Plantas , Ratos
20.
Langmuir ; 37(38): 11251-11259, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528801

RESUMO

Solid/liquid interfacial structure occupies great importance in chemistry, biology, and materials. In this paper, by combining EC-SERS study and DFT calculation, we reveal the adsorption and dimerization of sulfite (SO32-) at a gold electrode/water solution interface, and establish an adsorption displacement strategy to suppress the dimerization of sulfite. At the gold electrode/sodium sulfite solution interface, at least two layers of SO32- anions are adsorbed on the electrode surface. As the applied potential shifts negatively, the adsorption strength of the first SO32- layer is weakened gradually and then is dimerized with the second orientated SO32- layer to form S2O52-, and S2O52- is further reduced to S2O32-. After hydroxyethylene disphosphonic acid (HEDP) is introduced to the gold electrode/sodium sulfite solution interface, the second oriented SO32- layer is replaced by a HEDP coadsorption layer. This results in the first layer of SO32- being desorbed directly without any structural transformation or chemical reaction as the potential shifts negatively. The suppression of sulfite dimerization by HEDP is more clear at the gold electrode/gold sulfite solution interface owing to the electroreduction of gold ions. Furthermore, the electrochemical studies and electrodeposition experiments show that as the sulfite dimerization reaction is suppressed, the electroreduction of gold ions is accelerated, and the deposited gold coating is bright and dense with finer grains.

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