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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2351-2358, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492247

RESUMO

In this study, the ordered mesoporous jar structure ZnO particles have been synthesized by template method. The cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTMAB) was used as the template agent, and zinc acetate dihydrate was used as zinc sources. The prepared material has ordered mesoporous on the surface. The prepared ordered mesoporous ZnO particles showed the hexagonal prisms hollow jar structure, the hexagonal prisms average diameter was about 150 nm, the average length was about 200 nm, and the jar average diameter was about 100 nm. The prepared materials were used as a gas sensor to test the toxic gas. The ordered mesoporous ZnO material showed more excellent gas sensing performances than the imporous ZnO material which was prepared without template agent by the same method. In particular, the ordered mesoporous ZnO showed a higher response to NOx, the detection limit reached to 0.5 ppm, the sensitivity reached to 66.92, and the response time was 1.08 s to 100 ppm NOx at 193 °C. The prepared material will be an excellent gas sensing matrix materials, and have a wide application prospect in gas sensors field.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17198, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to assess the value of serum human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) to diagnose lung cancer and provide reliable scientific conclusions to guide clinical practice. METHODS: A systematic search of the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature, and WANFANG databases was conducted to identify all studies examining serum HE4 in the diagnosis of lung cancer published up to June, 2017. The Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies tool was used to evaluate the methodological quality of each trial. The meta-analysis was performed using STATA software and Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: There were 21 studies involving 1883 cases and 1696 controls included in our meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of HE4 for diagnosing lung cancer were 0.73 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.68-0.78) and 0.86 (95% CI 0.81-0.91), respectively. The positive likelihood ratio and negative likelihood ratio were 5.4 (95% CI 3.8-7.5) and 0.31 (95% CI 0.26-0.37), respectively. The diagnostic odds ratio was 17 (95% CI 12-26). The area under the curve of the summary receiver-operating characteristic curve was 0.86 (95% CI 0.83-0.89). Race, assay method, type of cancer, sample size, and publication date might be sources of heterogeneity in our meta-analysis. Subgroup analyses showed that the sensitivity in Caucasians was higher than that in Asians (0.81, 95% CI 0.71-0.91; and 0.71, 95% CI 0.66-0.77, respectively), but the specificity in Asians was better than that in Caucasians (0.87, 95% CI 0.81-0.92; and 0.85, 95% CI 0.73-0.97, respectively). The chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay had the highest sensitivity, with 0.79 (95% CI 0.73-0.97), and the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay had the highest specificity, with 0.87 (95% CI 0.79-0.94). HE4 had high diagnostic efficacy when screening for small cell lung cancer with the highest specificity (0.90, 95% CI 0.77-1.00). CONCLUSIONS: HE4 is a relatively promising and effective biomarker for the diagnosis of lung cancer. Furthermore, given the limitations of our study, additional large-scale and well-designed studies are needed in the future.

3.
Adv Mater ; : e1904762, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566289

RESUMO

Wrinkled hydrogels from biomass sources are potential structural biomaterials. However, for biorelated applications, engineering scalable, structure-customized, robust, and biocompatible wrinkled hydrogels with highly oriented nanostructures and controllable intervals is still a challenge. A scalable biomass material, namely cellulose, is reported for customizing anisotropic, all-cellulose, wrinkle-patterned hydrogels (AWHs) through an ultrafast, auxiliary force, acid-induced gradient dual-crosslinking strategy. Direct immersion of a prestretched cellulose alkaline gel in acid and relaxation within seconds allow quick buildup of a consecutive through-thickness modulus gradient with acid-penetration-directed dual-crosslinking, confirmed by visual 3D Raman microscopy imaging, which drives the formation of self-wrinkling structures. Moreover, guided by quantitative mechanics simulations, the structure of AWHs is found to exhibit programmable intervals and aligned nanostructures that differ between ridge and valley regions and can be controlled by tuning the prestretching strain and acid treatment time, and these AWHs successfully induce cell alignment. Thus, a new avenue is opened to fabricate polysaccharide-derived, programmable, anisotropic, wrinkled hydrogels for use as biomedical materials via a bottom-up method.

4.
Brief Bioinform ; 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588509

RESUMO

Somatic mutation and gene expression dysregulation are considered two major tumorigenesis factors. While independent investigations of either factor pervade, studies of associations between somatic mutations and gene expression changes have been sporadic and nonsystematic. Utilizing genomic data collected from 11 315 subjects of 33 distinct cancer types, we constructed MutEx, a pan-cancer integrative genomic database. This database records the relationships among gene expression, somatic mutation and survival data for cancer patients. MutEx can be used to swiftly explore the relationship between these genomic/clinic features within and across cancer types and, more importantly, search for corroborating evidence for hypothesis inception. Our database also incorporated Gene Ontology and several pathway databases to enhance functional annotation, and elastic net and a gene expression composite score to aid in survival analysis. To demonstrate the usability of MutEx, we provide several application examples, including top somatic mutations associated with the most extensive expression dysregulation in breast cancer, differential mutational burden downstream of DNA mismatch repair gene mutations and composite gene expression score-based survival difference in breast cancer. MutEx can be accessed at http://www.innovebioinfo.com/Databases/Mutationdb_About.php.

5.
Indian J Pharmacol ; 51(4): 263-268, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571713

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: As a chronic, progressive, and lethal pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is lacking effective treatment. Chronic inflammatory processes, including inflammatory cytokines, play an important role with in its pathogenesis. Jianpiyifei (JPYF) granule is a traditional Chinese herbal formula historically used to strengthen the spleen and tonify the lung. JPYF is used clinically to treat stable COPD. However, whether the purported anti-inflammatory effect of JPYF in COPD involves regulation of key inflammatory cytokines is not clear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mice model of pulmonary inflammation was induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and cigarette smoke condensate (CSC). The influence of JPYF on airway inflammation in vivo was investigated. Mice were divided into three groups: control, model, and treatment groups. In the CSC + LPS model group and JPYF treatment group, intratracheal injection of CSC and LPS was used to induce airway inflammation for 5 days. JPYF group animals were also orally administered 5.5 g/kg JPYF granule for 12 days. RESULTS: The number of neutrophils and total cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of the JPYF group were markedly lower than in the model group. The levels of interleukin (IL)-1 ß and IL-6 were lower; tumor necrosis factor-alpha was downregulated, and IL-10 was higher in the JPYF group than the model group. In the JPYF group, histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) activity and protein expression were restored. CONCLUSION: The anti-inflammatory activity of JPYF involves the suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, enhanced IL-10 secretion, and the restoration of HDAC2 activity.

6.
Perit Dial Int ; 39(5): 465-471, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501292

RESUMO

Background:Depression has been recognized as a risk factor for cognitive impairment (CI) from cross-sectional datasets. This multicenter prospective study investigated the association between depression and cognitive decline in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.Methods:This multicenter prospective cohort study included 458 PD patients who were followed up for 2 years. The Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MS) was used for assessment of global cognitive function, Trail-Making Tests A and B for executive function, subtests of the Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status for immediate and delayed memory, visuospatial skill, and language ability. Depression was assessed using Zung's Self-Rating Depression Scale.Results:During the 2-year follow-up, patients with moderate/severe depression at baseline showed a significant decline in global cognitive function (80.5 ± 15.2 vs 76.6 ± 15.5, p = 0.008), while patients without depression or with mild depression kept a stable global cognitive function. In the meantime, patients without depression showed significant improvements in immediate memory, visuospatial skill, and language ability. However, no significant improvement in these parameters was shown in depression groups. In multivariable linear regression analysis, depression at baseline was a significant predictor of worsening global cognitive function, whether depression was analyzed as a continuous variable (odds ratio [OR] = -0.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] -0.27, -0.01, p = 0.031) or a rank variable (OR = -1.88, 95% CI -3.30, -0.45, p = 0.010). Moreover, higher depression score or more severe depression degradation was significantly associated with decline of immediate memory, delayed memory, and language skill.Conclusion:Depression was a significant risk factor for worsening of CI in PD patients.

7.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 26(Pt 5): 1835-1842, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490178

RESUMO

An optical design study of a bending-magnet beamline, based on multi-bend achromat storage ring lattices, at the High Energy Photon Source, to be built in Beijing, China, is described. The main purpose of the beamline design is to produce a micro-scale beam from a bending-magnet source with little flux loss through apertures. To maximize the flux of the focal spot, the synchrotron source will be 1:1 imaged to a virtual source by a toroidal mirror; a mirror pair will be used to collimate the virtual source into quasi-parallel light which will be refocused by a Kirkpatrick-Baez mirror pair. In the case presented here, a beamline for tender X-rays ranging from 2.1 keV to 7.8 keV, with a spot size of approximately 7 µm (H) × 6 µm (V) and flux up to 2 × 1012 photons s-1, can be achieved for the purpose of X-ray absorption fine-structure (XAFS)-related experiments, such as scanning micro-XAFS and full-field nano-XAFS.

8.
Pathol Res Pract ; : 152644, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31551176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy is the predominant treatment option for patients with breast cancer. Selection of patients according to biomarker will improve chemotherapy efficacy. In the present study, we examined the relations of the expression of candidate genes and 21-recurrence score (RS) results to patients' demographic characteristics, histopathological factors, and outcomes. METHODS: A total of 146 patients were enrolled in this study. The patients underwent 21-gene RS testing. In addition, expressions of candidate genes, TYMS, RRM1, TUBB3, TOP2A, PTEN, were detected. Information was obtained on age, tumor size, TMN stage, tumor grade, and status of Ki-67, HER2, ER and PR. The treatment information on the type of endocrine therapy was also obtained. RESULTS: Results clearly showed that the 21-gene RS significantly correlated with the TNM stage of breast cancer (P = 0.047). The RS also correlated with the number of sentinel lymph node (P = 0.038). The pathological type of tumors was strongly associated with the expression of RRM1 (P < 0.015), and slightly correlated with TYMS (P = 0.095) and tumor size (P = 0.061). Further analysis showed that TYMS and RRM1 were two independent factors affecting the disease progression of patients. Besides, for HER-2 stain, staining of grade 2 or above significantly increased the risk of disease progression. CONCLUSION: Our studies showed that TNM stage and sentinel lymph node were important clinical parameters correlated with 21-gene RS results. Also, RRM1, TYMS and HER2 expressions were independent factors associated with disease progression in breast cancer patients. Future study is warranted to investigate the usefulness of these genes in treatment efficacy.

9.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562690

RESUMO

Previous studies have reported that genome-wide DNA methylation and differentially expressed genes and proteins are closely associated with drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, no reports have explored such associations in para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS)-resistant M. tuberculosis H37Rv. Here we investigated genome-wide methylation and transcriptome and proteome changes to explore the associations between specific genes and PAS resistance in M. tuberculosis H37Rv. The results revealed that 1388 differentially methylated (1161 hypermethylated and 227 hypomethylated) genes, 214 significantly differentially expressed (103 up- and 111 down-regulated) genes and 137 differentially expressed (48 up- and 89 down-regulated) proteins were regulated by PAS in M. tuberculosis H37Rv. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis revealed that metabolic pathways and ABC transporters were closely associated with differentially methylated and expressed genes, respectively. In addition, correlation analyses revealed that differentially methylated genes were negatively correlated with their transcriptional levels in PAS-resistant M. tuberculosis H37Rv. Furthermore, the existence of five hypermethylated candidate genes (esxC, fabG3, fbpB, papA1 and pks2) in PAS-resistant M. tuberculosis H37Rv was verified using protein-protein interaction analyses in the STRING database. The integrated DNA methylation and transcriptome and proteome analyses could provide valuable resources for epigenetics studies in PAS-resistant M. tuberculosis H37Rv.

10.
Molecules ; 24(18)2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533222

RESUMO

Multiclass screening of drugs with high resolution mass spectrometry is of great interest due to its high time-efficiency and excellent accuracy. A high-scale, fast screening method for pesticides in fishery drugs was established based on ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography tandem quadrupole-Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometer. The target compounds - were diluted in methanol and extracted by ultrasonic treatment, and the extracts were diluted with MeOH-water (1:1, v/v) and centrifuged to remove impurities. The chromatographic separation was performed on an Accucore aQ-MS column (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 2.6 µm) with gradient elution using 0.1% formic acid in water (containing 5 mmol/L ammonium formate) and 0.1% formic acid in methanol (containing 5 mmol/L ammonium formate) in Full Scan/dd-MS2 (TopN) scan mode. A screening database, including mass spectrometric and chromatographic information, was established for identification of compounds. The screening detection limits of methods ranged between 1-500 mg/kg, the recoveries of real samples spiked with the concentration of 10 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg standard mixture ranged from 70% to 110% for more than sixty compounds, and the relative standard deviations (RSDs) were less than 20%. The application of this method showed that target pesticides were screened out in 10 samples out of 21 practical samples, in which the banned pesticide chlorpyrifos were detected in 3 out of the 10 samples.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493031

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Improved imaging, surgical techniques, and pathologic evaluation likely have decreased local recurrence rates for patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). We present long-term outcomes of a large single-institution series after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and adjuvant radiation therapy (RT). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 245 women treated for DCIS with BCS and RT between 2001 and 2007. Competing risk analysis was used to calculate local recurrence (LR) as a first event with the development of a second non-breast malignancy, contralateral breast cancer, and death as competing first events. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 10.6 years, 4 patients had a LR (2 DCIS, 2 invasive) as a first event with a cumulative LR incidence of 0.0% and 1.5% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. Most patients had > 2 mm margins (90%), specimen radiographs (93%), and received a tumor bed boost (99%). The majority (60%) of patients with hormone receptor-positive disease received adjuvant endocrine therapy. Ten-year cumulative incidence of contralateral breast cancer (CBC) was 7.9%, second non-breast malignancy was 4.5%, and death unrelated to breast cancer was 3.5%. Family history, age at diagnosis, and receipt of endocrine therapy were not significantly associated with the development of CBC (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: With mature follow-up, our rates of local recurrence following breast-conserving therapy for DCIS remain very low (1.5% at 10 years). The incidence of CBC was higher than the LR incidence. Predisposing factors for the development of CBC are worthy of investigation.

12.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(34): 5049-5068, 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558856

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma (EGJA) are the two main types of gastrointestinal cancers that pose a huge threat to human health. ESCC remains one of the most common malignant diseases around the world. In contrast to the decreasing prevalence of ESCC, the incidence of EGJA is rising rapidly. Early detection represents one of the most promising ways to improve the prognosis and reduce the mortality of these cancers. Current approaches for early diagnosis mainly depend on invasive and costly endoscopy. Non-invasive biomarkers are in great need to facilitate earlier detection for better clinical management of patients. Tumor-associated autoantibodies can be detected at an early stage before manifestations of clinical signs of tumorigenesis, making them promising biomarkers for early detection and monitoring of ESCC and EGJA. In this review, we summarize recent insights into the iden-tification and validation of tumor-associated autoantibodies for the early detection of ESCC and EGJA and discuss the challenges remaining for clinical validation.

13.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(33): 4945-4958, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a commonly used biomarker in colorectal cancer. However, controversy exists regarding the insufficient prognostic value of preoperative serum CEA alone in rectal cancer. Here, we combined preoperative serum CEA and the maximum tumor diameter to correct the CEA level, which may better reflect the malignancy of rectal cancer. AIM: To assess the prognostic impact of preoperative CEA/tumor size in rectal cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 696 stage I to III rectal cancer patients who underwent curative tumor resection from 2007 to 2012. These patients were randomly divided into two cohorts for cross-validation: training cohort and validation cohort. The training cohort was used to generate an optimal cutoff point and the validation cohort was used to further validate the model. Maximally selected rank statistics were used to identify the optimum cutoff for CEA/tumor size. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to plot the survival curve and to compare the survival data. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to determine the prognostic value of CEA/tumor size. The primary and secondary outcomes were overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS), respectively. RESULTS: In all, 556 patients who satisfied both the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included and randomly divided into the training cohort (2/3 of 556, n = 371) and the validation cohort (1/3 of 556, n = 185). The cutoff was 2.429 ng/mL per cm. Comparison of the baseline data showed that high CEA/tumor size was correlated with older age, high TNM stage, the presence of perineural invasion, high CEA, and high carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9). Kaplan-Meier curves showed a manifest reduction in 5-year OS (training cohort: 56.7% vs 81.1%, P < 0.001; validation cohort: 58.8% vs 85.6%, P < 0.001) and DFS (training cohort: 52.5% vs 71.9%, P = 0.02; validation cohort: 50.3% vs 79.3%, P = 0.002) in the high CEA/tumor size group compared with the low CEA/tumor size group. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified CEA/tumor size as an independent prognostic factor for OS (training cohort: hazard ratio (HR) = 2.18, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.28-3.73, P = 0.004; validation cohort: HR = 4.83, 95%CI: 2.21-10.52, P < 0.001) as well as DFS (training cohort: HR = 1.47, 95%CI: 0.93-2.33, P = 0.096; validation cohort: HR = 2.61, 95%CI: 1.38-4.95, P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Preoperative CEA/tumor size is an independent prognostic factor for patients with stage I-III rectal cancer. Higher CEA/tumor size is associated with worse OS and DFS.

14.
Chem Asian J ; 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556251

RESUMO

Molecular ferroelectrics have displayed promising future since they are light weight, flexible, environment-friendly and easily synthesis compare to traditional inorganic ferroelectrics. However, how to precisely design a molecular ferroelectric from a non-ferroelectric phase transition molecular system is still a great challenge. Here we designed and constructed a molecular ferroelectric by double regulation of the anion and cation in a simple crown ether clathrate, 4 , [K(18-crown-6)] + [PF 6 ] - . Namely, By replacing the K + and PF 6 - with H 3 O + and [ FeCl 4 ] - respectively, we obtain a new molecular ferroelectric [H 3 O(18-crown-6)] + [FeCl 4 ] - , 1 . Compound 1 undergoes a para-ferroelectric phase transition near 350 K with symmetry change from P 21/ n to Pmc 21 space group. X-ray single crystal diffraction analysis suggests that the phase transition was mainly triggered by the displacement motion of H 3 O + and [FeCl 4 ] - ions and twist motion of 18-Crown-6 molecule. The most striking is that compound 1 shows high Curie temperature (350 K), ultra-strong second harmonic generation signals (nearly 8 times of KDP), remarkable dielectric switching effect and large spontaneous polarization. We believe that this research will pave a new way to design and build high quality of molecular ferroelectrics as well as their application in smart materials.

15.
J Vis Exp ; (150)2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498313

RESUMO

The presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) has been associated with relapse or poor outcomes after radiotherapy. Studying radioresistant CSCs may provide clues to overcoming radioresistance. Voltage-gated calcium channel α2δ1 subunit isoform 5 has been reported as a marker for radioresistant CSCs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. Using calcium channel α2δ1 subunit as an example of a CSC marker, methods to study the radiosensitivity of CSCs in NSCLC cell lines are presented. CSCs are sorted with putative markers by flow cytometry, and the self-renewal capacity of sorted cells is evaluated by sphere formation assay. Colony formation assay, which determines how many cells lose the ability to generate descendants forming the colony after a certain dose of radiation, is then performed to assess the radiosensitivity of sorted cells. This manuscript provides initial steps for studying the radiosensitivity of CSCs, which establishes the basis for further understanding of the underlying mechanisms.

16.
Respir Res ; 20(1): 202, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the leading causes of cancer death in the world, and has a relatively low survival rate. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated to modulate cancer progression through a variety of molecular mechanisms. We sought to investigate the role and potential mechanism of MYC-induced long non-coding RNA (MINCR) in NSCLC. METHODS: Expression levels of MINCR was first identified using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), further confirmed with specimens from 29 NSCLC patients and three cell lines using qRT-PCR. Overexpression and knockdown of MINCR were performed in NSCLC cell lines through MINCR overexpression vectors and synthesized siRNAs, respectively. The roles of MINCR in NSCLC cell lines, such as cell proliferation, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis, were identified by MTT, flow cytometry, and Western blot. The modulation of MINCR-regulated genes, including c-Myc and its downstream effectors, as well as apoptosis-associated genes, was analyzed using Western blot. RESULTS: MINCR expression was increased in NSCLC patients from TCGA datasets, and was also significantly increased in our collected specimens from NSCLC patients and NSCLC cell lines. Knocking down of MINCR greatly inhibited the growth of NSCLC cell lines PC9 and A549. In addition, silencing of MINCR induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Furthermore, silencing of MINCR reduced the expression levels of oncogene c-Myc and its downstream cyclin A, cyclin D, CD4, and CDK2, as well as apoptosis-associated Bcl-2, while significantly increased the expression levels of cleaved PARP-1. In the meantime, overexpression of MINCR remarkably enhanced cell proliferation of PC9 cells and activated c-Myc and its downstream effectors. CONCLUSION: MINCR exerted inhibitory effects on the cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of NSCLC cells by activating c-Myc and its downstream effectors, suggesting that this lncRNA could be used as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of NSCLC.

17.
Bioresour Technol ; 293: 122096, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493731

RESUMO

The microbial community characteristics, functional and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), anammox performance under individual and combined oxytetracycline (OTC) and sulfamethoxazole (SMX) were tested under environmentally relevant levels. The results showed that anammox performance was inhibited when the OTC or SMX concentration increased from 0.5 to 1.0 mg L-1. The absolute abundance of tetX in OTC (3.03 × 106 copies mg-1), SMX (2.80 × 106 copies mg-1) and OTC + SMX (2.03 × 106 copies mg-1) was the highest and one more order of magnitude higher than that of tetG, tetM, intI1, or sul2. The anammox performance in the presence of OTC or SMX was lower than that sum of their independent effects. The enrichment of sludge resistomes with prolonged exposure time and increasing OTC and SMX doses might be due to succession of bacterial hosts and potential elevation of ARGs by horizontal transfer.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Oxitetraciclina , Antibacterianos , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Genes Bacterianos , Sulfametoxazol
18.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1259, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510983

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lower health literacy (HL) has been known to be involved in a range of common mental and physical disorders among adolescent students. Ample studies indicated low HL is associated with a series of chronic diseases even psychological diseases, nevertheless, little is known about this relationship among adolescents. In this context, the study aimed to examine associations between psychosomatic symptoms (physical and psychological symptoms) and HL in junior and senior high school students in China, and to provide guidance for improving the physical and mental health in Chinese adolescents. METHODS: A total of 22,628 junior and high school students in China were enrolled in this study. HL and psychosomatic symptoms were measured by self-report validated questionnaires. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to examine the associations between six sub-scales of HL and physical / psychological symptoms. RESULTS: Multiple linear regression analysis demonstrated that the sub-scales of HL showed a significantly negative association with physical symptoms and psychological symptoms (P <  0.05 for each). Physical symptoms was most strongly associated with IR (ß = - 0.134), followed by SM (ß = - 0.093), DB (ß = - 0.059), SA (ß = - 0.058) and PA (ß = - 0.054). No statistically significant difference was found between HA and physical symptoms (P > 0.05). Meanwhile, psychological symptoms were most strongly associated with IR (ß = - 0.160), followed by SA (ß = - 0.129), SM (ß = - 0.069), DB (ß = - 0.031), HA (ß = - 0.026) and PA (ß = - 0.021). CONCLUSION: These results indicated the importance of identifying the association of HL with physical and psychological symptoms, and provided the evidence that lower HL may serve as a critical and independent risk factor for poor health outcomes. Meanwhile, to maintain students' desirable healthy status public health efforts for enhancing their HL level are urgently needed in adolescents.

19.
World J Pediatr ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interferon alpha (IFN-α) is a preferred therapy for antiviral treatment of children with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) aged > 1 year currently. Peginterferon alpha-2a (Peg-IFN α-2a) is a recommended international guideline for treatment of CHB children, which is limited to children aged > 3 years. But the exact efficacy and safety of IFN-α and Peg-IFN α-2a for treating CHB are not sufficient. METHODS: Clinical manifestations, baseline characteristics, related laboratory tests and adverse events were retrospectively analyzed in children with CHB, who visited Children's Hospital of Fudan University and were treated with IFN α-2b or Peg-IFN α-2a monotherapy and followed up from January 2003 to October 2018. RESULTS: A total of 36 immune-active patients without advanced fibrosis were enrolled to be treated with IFN α-2b (group A, n = 18) or Peg-IFN α-2a (group B, n = 18). IFN α-2b or Peg-IFN α-2a was administered for a median of 48 weeks subcutaneously by body surface area (BSA) category at a dose of 3 MU/m2 or 104 µg/m2, respectively. HBV e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion rates at 48 weeks post-treatment were higher in group A than group B (92.9% vs. 87.5%), so as the rates of HBsAg clearance (22.2% vs. 11.1%), and hepatitis B virus (HBV)-DNA < 1000 IU/mL (88.9% vs. 83.3%). Only mild flu-like symptoms and transient neutropenia appeared in some children at the early stage of treatment. No severe abnormal results was observed in other laboratory assessments. CONCLUSION: The antiviral monotherapy of 48-week IFN α-2b or Peg-IFN α-2a in children with CHB is well tolerated and effective, which is associated with higher rates of HBeAg seroconversion and HBsAg clearance than in adults and previously pediatric patients.

20.
Molecules ; 24(18)2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527427

RESUMO

To clarify the relationship between neutral lipid content and cordycepin accumulation in Cordyceps militaris, mutants were generated from mixed spores of two C. militaris strains with varying cordycepin-producing capacities. Fifteen stable mutants producing from 0.001 to 2.363 mg/mL cordycepin were finally selected. The relative fluorescence intensities of the 15 mutants, two C. militaris strains and an Aspergillus nidulans strain at different concentrations of lyophilized mycelium powder were then investigated using the Nile red method. The mutant CM1-1-1 with the highest relative fluorescence intensity among the eighteen strains was selected for optimizing the Nile red method. Relative fluorescence intensity was linearly correlated with cordycepin concentration in liquid broth (R2 = 0.9514) and in lyophilized mycelium powder (R2 = 0.9378) for the 18 cordycepin-producing strains under identical culture conditions and with cordycepin concentration in liquid broth (R2 = 0.9727) and in lyophilized mycelium powder (R2 = 0.9613) for CM1-1-1 under eight different sets of conditions. In addition, the cordycepin content in lyophilized mycelium powder measured by the Nile red method was linearly correlated with that determined by an HPLC method (R2 = 0.9627). In conclusion, neutral lipids in lipid droplets are required during cordycepin accumulation; these neutral lipids are potential biomarkers of cordycepin biosynthesis.

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