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1.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-8, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657436

RESUMO

To investigate the efficacy and safety of the FEAC (fotemustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and cyclophosphamide) conditioning regimen for the treatment of lymphoma, we retrospectively analyzed the records of 76 Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients who underwent autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) after the FEAC conditioning regimen. Their survival, as well as the clinical efficacy, hematopoietic engraftment time, and toxicity, were analyzed. One patient died of severe pulmonary infection, and the transplant-related mortality (TRM) was 1.3% (1/76). Hematopoietic engraftment was achieved successfully in the remaining 75 patients. The median times of neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 11 d (6-21 d) and 13 d (8-24 d), respectively. The 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 69.1%, and the 2-year overall survival (OS) rate was 84.2%. FEAC conditioning regimen has acceptable toxicity, and the prognosis of patients is good, making it a feasible alternative to the BEAM regimen for ASCT.

2.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658427

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) caused by anti-tumor drugs, such as cisplatin, is a severe complication with no effective treatment currently, leading to the reduction or discontinuation of chemotherapy. Natural products or herbal medicines are gradually considered as promising agents against cisplatin-induced AKI with the advantages of multi-targeting, multi-effects, and less resistance. In this study, we investigated the effects of kaempferide, a natural flavonoid extracted from the rhizome of Kaempferia galanga, in experimental AKI models in vitro and in vivo. We first conducted pharmacokinetic study in mice and found a relative stable state of kaempferide with a small amount of conversion into kaempferol. We showed that both kaempferide (10 µM) and kaempferol (10 µM) significantly inhibited cisplatin-caused injuries in immortalized proximal tubule epithelial cell line HK-2. In AKI mice induced by injection of a single dose of cisplatin (15 mg/kg), oral administration of kaempferide (50 mg/kg) either before or after cisplatin injection markedly improved renal function, and ameliorated renal tissue damage. We demonstrated that kaempferide inhibited oxidative stress and induced autophagy in cisplatin-treated mice and HK-2 cells, thus increasing tubular cell viability and decreasing immune responses to attenuate the disease progression. In addition, treatment with kaempferide significantly ameliorated ischemia-reperfusion-induced renal injury in vitro and in vivo. We conclude that kaempferide is a promising natural product for treating various AKI. This study has great implications for promotion of its use in healthcare products, and help to break through the limited use of cisplatin in the clinic.

3.
Org Lett ; 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662291

RESUMO

Reported here is a highly enantioselective homoenolate Michael addition/esterification sequence of cyclohexadienone-tethered enals via N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) catalysis, affording the enantiopure cis-hydrobenzofurans, cis-hydroindoles, and cis-hydroindenes. The NHC catalyst bearing a nitro group greatly enhances the stereocontrol, and a bulky N-aryl substituent of the triazolium salt in the catalyst is helpful for inhibiting the further aldol condensation after homoenolate Michael addition. The utility of this protocol is highlighted by a gram-scale experiment and versatile downstream transformations.

4.
Chempluschem ; 88(1): e202200413, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680306

RESUMO

A series of gallium(III) amide corroles including meso-5,15-bis(pentafluorophenyl)-10-(4-Pyridinamide-phenyl)corrole gallium (III) (1-Ga), meso-5,15-bis(pentafluorophenyl)-10-(4-Furamide-phenyl)corrole gallium(III) (2-Ga) and meso-5,15-bis(pentafluorophenyl)-10-(4-Thiophenamide-phenyl)corrole gallium(III) (3-Ga) were synthesized. The interaction of these complexes with DNA and their photodynamic antitumor activities have been studied. UV spectra titration showed that these gallium(III) corroles interact with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) through an external binding mode. All three gallium(III) corroles can effectively generate singlet oxygen under illumination and have good photostability. Among the three gallium(III) corroles, 2-Ga exhibited excellent photodynamic antitumor activity against the tested tumor cell lines under light irradiation (625±2 nm, 0.3 mW/cm2 , 1.08 J/cm2 ). The best phototoxicity was observed by 2-Ga against HepG2 cells (IC50 =6.3±0.9), which is even better than temoporfin (IC50 =8.4±1.8). It could block HepG2 cells in the sub-G0 phase and effectively induce apoptosis of HepG2 cells under 625 nm light irradiation.


Assuntos
Gálio , Neoplasias , Porfirinas , Gálio/farmacologia , Gálio/química , Porfirinas/química , DNA/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
5.
Am J Transplant ; 23(1): 55-63, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695622

RESUMO

We retrospectively compared outcomes between recipients of donation after circulatory death (DCD) and donation after brain death (DBD) liver allografts using days alive and out of hospital (DAOH), a composite outcome of mortality, morbidity, and burden of care from patient perspective. The initial length of stay and duration of any subsequent readmission for the first year after liver transplantation were recorded. Donor category and perioperative and intraoperative characteristics pertinent to liver transplantation were included. The primary outcome was DAOH365. Secondary outcomes included early allograft dysfunction and hepatic arterial and biliary complications. Although the incidence of both early allograft dysfunction (P < .001) and ischemic cholangiopathy (P < .001) was significantly greater in the recipients of DCD, there were no significant differences in the length of stay and DAOH365. The median DAOH365 was 355 days for recipients of DBD allografts and 353 days for recipients of DCD allografts (P = .34). Increased transfusion burden, longer cold ischemic time, and non-White recipients were associated with decreased DAOH. There were no significant differences in graft failure (P = .67), retransplantation (P = .67), or 1-year mortality (P = .96) between the 2 groups. DAOH is a practical and attainable measure of outcome after liver transplantation. This metric should be considered for quality measurement and reporting in liver transplantation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Fígado , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Humanos , Morte Encefálica , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doadores de Tecidos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Hospitais , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Morte , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
World J Clin Oncol ; 14(1): 13-26, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36699628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is causing a high mortality rate due to the lack of efficient early prognosis markers and suitable therapeutic regimens. The prognostic role of genes responsible for the acquisition of radioresistance in ESCC has not been fully elucidated. AIM: To establish a prognostic model by studying gene expression patterns pertinent to radioresistance in ESCC patients. METHODS: Datasets were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus and The Cancer Genome Atlas databases. The edgeR, a Bioconductor package, was used to analyze mRNA expression between different groups. We screened genes specifically responsible for radioresistance to estimate overall survival. Pearson correlation analysis was performed to confirm whether the expression of those genes correlated with each other. Genes contributing to radioresistance and overall survival were assessed by the multivariate Cox regression model through the calculation of ßi and risk score using the following formula: . RESULTS: We identified three prognostic mRNAs (cathepsin S [CTSS], cluster of differentiation 180 [CD180], and SLP adapter and CSK-interacting membrane protein [SCIMP]) indicative of radioresistance. The expression of the three identified mRNAs was related to each other (r > 0.70 and P < 0.05). As to 1-year and 3-year overall survival prediction, the area under the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve of the signature consisting of the three mRNAs was 0.716 and 0.841, respectively. When stratifying patients based on the risk score derived from the signature, the high-risk group exhibited a higher death risk and shorter survival time than the low-risk group (P < 0.0001). Overall survival of the low-risk patients was significantly better than that of the high-risk patients (P = 0.018). CONCLUSION: We have developed a novel three-gene prognostic signature consisting of CTSS, CD180, and SCIMO for ESCC, which may facilitate the prediction of early prognosis of this malignancy.

7.
Food Res Int ; 163: 112196, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596135

RESUMO

The flavonoids and phenolic acids in grape berries greatly influence the quality of wine. Various methods are used to shape and prune grapevines, but their effects on the flavonoids and phenolic acids remain unclear. The flavonoids and phenolic acids in the berry pericarps from grapevines pruned using three types of leaf canopy, namely, V-shaped, T-shaped, and vertical shoot-positioned (VSP) canopies, were compared in this study. Results showed that the V-shaped canopy was more favorable for the accumulation of flavonoids and phenolic acids. Transcriptome and metabolome analyses revealed that the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and differentially regulated metabolites (DRMs) were significantly enriched in the flavonoid and phenylpropanoid biosynthesis pathways. A total of 96 flavonoids and 32 phenolic acids were detected among the DRMs. Their contents were higher in the V-shaped canopy than in the T-shaped and VSP canopies. Conjoint analysis of transcriptome and metabolome showed that nine DEGs (e.g., cytochrome P450 98A9 and 98A2) were significantly correlated to nine phenolic acids (e.g., gentisic acid and neochlorogenic acid) and three genes (i.e., chalcone isomerase, UDP-glycosyltransferase 88A1, and caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase) significantly correlated to 15 flavonoids (e.g., baimaside and tricin-7-O-rutinoside). These genes may be involved in the regulation of various flavonoids and phenolic acids in grape berries, but their functions need validation. This study provides novel insights into the effects of leaf canopy on flavonoids and phenolic acids in the skin of grape berries and reveals the potential regulatory networks involved in this phenomenon.


Assuntos
Vitis , Vitis/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Frutas/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Metaboloma
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673947

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to retrospectively evaluate the survival rate of pulpectomy performed under dental general anesthesia (DGA) through long-term follow-up and to explore the risk factors associated with treatment failure. METHODS: The medical records of the children who were diagnosed with S-ECC and received pulpectomy treatment under general anesthesia (GA) from 1 August 2014 to 1 December 2019, in the Stomatological Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, were collected. Two dentistry postgraduates extracted the necessary information and filled in a predesigned excel form. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. The shared frailty model was used to explore possible factors affecting the success rate of pulpectomy in primary teeth. RESULTS: A total of 381 children (mean age 3.49 ± 0.90) with S-ECC and 1220 teeth were included in the study, including 590 primary anterior teeth and 630 primary molars. The overall 35-month survival rate was 38.5%, which was 52.9% for anterior teeth and 31.1% for molars. The overall median survival time was 31 months, in which anterior teeth were 35 months and molars were 26 months. The older the children were, the greater the risk of treatment failure (HR 1.56, 95% CI 1.09, 2.24). The risk of pulpectomy failure of primary molars was 1.9 times that of primary anterior teeth (95% CI 1.36, 2.65) and the teeth with abnormal radiological findings before treatment was 1.41 times higher than that of teeth without imaging abnormalities (95% CI 1.74, 3.36). CONCLUSION: The survival rate of primary tooth pulpectomy is acceptable but decreased gradually with time. The failure rate of pulpectomy in primary molars is higher than that of primary anterior teeth. When the primary caries has extended to the pulp and resulted in a nonvital lesion, pulpectomy could be an option for maximum retention of the primary tooth.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Pulpectomia , Humanos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Pulpectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Dente Decíduo , Anestesia Geral , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/cirurgia
9.
J Clin Microbiol ; 61(1): e0108622, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36602360

RESUMO

The World Health Organization recently lowered the rifampin (RIF) critical concentration (CC) for drug-susceptibility testing (DST) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) using the mycobacterial growth indicator tube (MGIT) 960 system. Here, we evaluated the diagnostic performance of the MGIT system with the revised CC for determining MTBC RIF resistance with 303 clinical MTBC isolates, including 122 isolates with rpoB mutations, of which 32 had single borderline-resistance mutations, and 181 wild-type rpoB isolates. The phenotypic RIF resistance was determined via the absolute concentration method (AC) and via MGIT using both previous (1 mg/L) and revised (0.5 mg/L) CCs for the latter method. The diagnostic accuracy of each phenotypic DST (pDST) was assessed based on rpoB genotyping as the reference standard. The overall sensitivity of the AC was 95.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 89.6 to 98.2%), while the MGIT results with previous and revised CCs were 82.0% (95% CI 74.0 to 88.3%) and 83.6% (95% CI 75.8 to 89.7%), respectively. The 32 MTBC isolates with single borderline-resistance mutations showed a wide range of MICs, and sensitivity was not significantly increased by reducing the MGIT CC. All 181 wild-type rpoB isolates were RIF-susceptible in the AC and with MGIT using the previous CC, whereas 1 isolate was misclassified as RIF-resistant with the revised CC. Our results demonstrate that the overall diagnostic performances of the MGIT DST with the revised RIF CC and previous CC were comparable. A further large-scale study is required to demonstrate the optimal RIF CC for MGIT.

10.
World J Pediatr ; 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota alterations have been implicated in the pathogenesis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study aimed to explore gut microbiota changes in a prospective cohort of COVID-19 children and their asymptomatic caregivers infected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant. METHODS: A total of 186 participants, including 59 COVID-19 children, 50 asymptomatic adult caregivers, 52 healthy children (HC), and 25 healthy adults (HA), were recruited between 15 April and 31 May 2022. The gut microbiota composition was determined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing in fecal samples collected from the participants. Gut microbiota functional profiling was performed by using Phylogenetic Investigation of Communities by Reconstruction of Unobserved States (PICRUSt) software. RESULTS: The gut microbiota analysis of beta diversity revealed that the fecal microbial community of COVID-19 children remained far distantly related to HC. The relative abundances of the phyla Actinobacteria and Firmicutes were decreased, whereas Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, and Verrucomicrobiota were increased in COVID-19 children. Feces from COVID-19 children exhibited notably lower abundances of the genera Blautia, Bifidobacterium, Fusicatenibacter, Streptococcus, and Romboutsia and higher abundances of the genera Prevotella, Lachnoclostridium, Escherichia-Shigella, and Bacteroides than those from HC. The enterotype distributions of COVID-19 children were characterized by a high prevalence of enterotype Bacteroides. Similar changes in gut microbiota compositions were observed in asymptomatic caregivers. Furthermore, the microbial metabolic activities of KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) and COG (cluster of orthologous groups of proteins) pathways were perturbed in feces from subjects infected with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant. CONCLUSION: Our data reveal altered gut microbiota compositions in both COVID-19 children and their asymptomatic caregivers infected with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant, which further implicates the critical role of gut microbiota in COVID-19 pathogenesis.

11.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2023: 9554457, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36644575

RESUMO

Disturbed structure and dysfunction of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) lead to degenerative diseases of the retina. Excessive accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the RPE is thought to play an important role in RPE dysfunction and degeneration. Autophagy is a generally low-activity degradation process of cellular components that increases significantly when high levels of oxidative stress are present. Agents with antioxidant properties may decrease autophagy and provide protection against RPE dysfunction and damage caused by ROS. Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) has been widely studied as an antioxidant and cell-protective agent. Therefore, we designed this study to investigate the effects of LBP, which inhibits miR-181, on autophagy in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) with oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo. In the current study, we found that the highly expressed miR-181 downregulated the expression of Bcl-2 in hydrogen peroxide- (H2O2-) induced ARPE-19 cells, resulting in an increase in ROS, apoptosis, and autophagy flux. LBP inhibited the expression of miR-181, decreased the levels of ROS, apoptosis, and autophagy flux, and increased cell viability in H2O2-induced ARPE-19 cells, suggesting that LBP provides protection against oxidative damage in ARPE-19 cells. We also found that LBP decreased RPE atrophy and autophagy flux in rd10 mice. Taken together, the results showed that LBP has a protective effect for RPE under oxidative stress by inhibiting miR-181 and affecting the Bcl-2/Beclin1 autophagy signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Lycium , MicroRNAs , Animais , Camundongos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose , Autofagia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Lycium/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/metabolismo , Humanos
12.
Int J Biol Sci ; 19(2): 393-411, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36632462

RESUMO

Asthenoteratozoospermia is one of the major factors for male infertility, whereas the causes of large numbers of cases are still unknown. We identified compound heterozygous variants of FSIP2 in three unrelated individuals from a cohort of 105 patients with asthenoteratozoospermia by exome sequencing. Deleterious FSIP2 variations caused severe disassembly of the fibrous sheath and axonemal defects. Intriguingly, spermatozoa in our study manifested "super-length" mitochondrial sheaths, increased levels of the mitochondrial sheath outer membrane protein TOMM20 and decreased mitochondrial ATP consumption. Dislocation or deletion of the annulus and reduction or dislocation of the annulus protein SEPT4 were also observed. While the lengthened mitochondrial sheaths were not presented in men harboring SEPT4 variants. Furthermore, female partners of two of three men achieved successful pregnancies following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Overall, we presume that FSIP2 may not only serve as a structural protein of the fibrous sheath but also as an intra-flagellar transporter involving in the axonemal assembly, mitochondrial selection and the termination of mitochondrial sheath extension during spermatogenesis, and ICSI is an effective treatment for individuals with FSIP2-associated asthenoteratozoospermia.


Assuntos
Astenozoospermia , Infertilidade Masculina , Gravidez , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Astenozoospermia/genética , Sêmen , Espermatozoides , Espermatogênese , Proteínas
13.
BMC Med Educ ; 23(1): 34, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650532

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of group counselling on the career planning and career maturity of male nursing students. METHOD: Sixty male nursing students were randomly selected from a specific-level first-class hospital in Hunan Province from July to August 2020 by using the convenience sampling method and were subsequently divided into the control group and the experimental group using the random number table method. The control group received routine pre-job training, including aspects concerning the hospital profile, nurse etiquette, nursing core systems, professional ethics, nursing emergency treatment and career prospects and planning. In the experimental group, career planning group counselling was added after the regular pre-service training (once a week) with each session lasting 2 h for a total of six training sessions. At six weeks and three months after the intervention, the career status evaluation scale and the college students' career maturity scale were used to compare the career planning and career maturity status of the two groups of male nursing students. RESULTS: After six weeks and three months of intervention, all the dimensions and total scores of both the career status evaluation scale and the career maturity scale in the experimental group were superior to those in the control group with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05). The repeated measures of variance analysis indicated that the differences in the total score for career planning and the four dimensions in terms of intergroup effect, time effect and interaction effect between the two groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The intergroup effect, time effect and interaction effect of the total score for vocational maturity, career goal, career confidence, career value, career freedom and career reference of the two groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05), while the time effect of the relative dependency dimension was also statistically significant (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Group counselling can significantly improve the career planning and career maturity status of male nursing students and has a certain long-term effect.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Escolha da Profissão , Aconselhamento
14.
BMC Genomics ; 24(1): 19, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36639634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adaptations by arthropod pests to host plant defenses of crops determine their impacts on agricultural production. The larval host range of western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), is restricted to maize and a few grasses. Resistance of D. v. virgifera to crop rotation practices and multiple insecticides contributes to its status as the most damaging pest of cultivated maize in North America and Europe. The extent to which adaptations by this pest contributes to host plant specialization remains unknown. RESULTS: A 2.42 Gb draft D. v. virgifera genome, Dvir_v2.0, was assembled from short shotgun reads and scaffolded using long-insert mate-pair, transcriptome and linked read data. K-mer analysis predicted a repeat content of ≥ 61.5%. Ortholog assignments for Dvir_2.0 RefSeq models predict a greater number of species-specific gene duplications, including expansions in ATP binding cassette transporter and chemosensory gene families, than in other Coleoptera. A majority of annotated D. v. virgifera cytochrome P450s belong to CYP4, 6, and 9 clades. A total of 5,404 transcripts were differentially-expressed between D. v. virgifera larvae fed maize roots compared to alternative host (Miscanthus), a marginal host (Panicum virgatum), a poor host (Sorghum bicolor) and starvation treatments; Among differentially-expressed transcripts, 1,908 were shared across treatments and the least number were between Miscanthus compared to maize. Differentially-expressed transcripts were enriched for putative spliceosome, proteosome, and intracellular transport functions. General stress pathway functions were unique and enriched among up-regulated transcripts in marginal host, poor host, and starvation responses compared to responses on primary (maize) and alternate hosts. CONCLUSIONS: Manual annotation of D. v. virgifera Dvir_2.0 RefSeq models predicted expansion of paralogs with gene families putatively involved in insecticide resistance and chemosensory perception. Our study also suggests that adaptations of D. v. virgifera larvae to feeding on an alternate host plant invoke fewer transcriptional changes compared to marginal or poor hosts. The shared up-regulation of stress response pathways between marginal host and poor host, and starvation treatments may reflect nutrient deprivation. This study provides insight into transcriptomic responses of larval feeding on different host plants and resources for genomic research on this economically significant pest of maize.


Assuntos
Besouros , Inseticidas , Animais , Zea mays/fisiologia , Besouros/genética , Larva/metabolismo , Poaceae/genética , Inseticidas/metabolismo , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Endotoxinas
15.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1869(4): 166641, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669576

RESUMO

Hyperphosphorylated Rab10 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. However, the neurophysiological function of the evolutionarily conserved Thr73 phosphorylation of Rab10 remains poorly understood. Here, we generated a novel mouse model expressing the non-phosphorylatable T73V mutation of Rab10 and performed a comprehensive series of neurological analyses, including behavioral tests, synaptic evaluations, neuronal and glial staining, assessments of neurite arborization and spine morphogenesis. The Rab10 T73V mutantmice exhibited a characteristic anxiety-like phenotype with other behavioral modules relatively unaffected. Moreover, Rab10 T73V mutant mice displayed striatum-specific synaptic dysfunction, as indicated by aberrantly increased expression levels of synaptic proteins and impaired frequencies of miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents. The genetic deletion of Rab10 phosphorylation enhanced neurite arborization and accelerated spine maturation in striatal medium spiny neurons. Our findings emphasize the specific role of intrinsic phospho-Rab10 in the regulation of the striatal circuitry and its related behaviors.

16.
Opt Lett ; 48(1): 65-68, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36563369

RESUMO

A polarization-insensitive multimode antisymmetric waveguide Bragg grating (MASWBG) filter based on an SiN-Si dual-layer stack is demonstrated. Carefully optimized grating corrugations patterned on the sidewall of a silicon waveguide and SiN overlay are used to perturbate TE and TM modes, respectively. Furthermore, the lateral-shift apodization technique is utilized to improve the sidelobe suppression ratio (SLSR). A good overlap between the passbands measured in TE and TM polarization states is obtained. Insertion losses, SLSRs, and 3-dB bandwidths of measured passbands in TE/TM polarizations are 1/1.72 dB, 18.5/19.1 dB, and 5.1/3.5 nm, respectively.

17.
Phys Med Biol ; 68(2)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36535028

RESUMO

Delineation of brain metastases (BMs) is a paramount step in stereotactic radiosurgery treatment. Clinical practice has specific expectation on BM auto-delineation that the method is supposed to avoid missing of small lesions and yield accurate contours for large lesions. In this study, we propose a novel coarse-to-fine framework, named detector-based segmentation (DeSeg), to incorporate object-level detection into pixel-wise segmentation so as to meet the clinical demand. DeSeg consists of three components: a center-point-guided single-shot detector to localize the potential lesion regions, a multi-head U-Net segmentation model to refine contours, and a data cascade unit to connect both tasks smoothly. Performance on tiny lesions is measured by the object-based sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV), while that on large lesions is quantified by dice similarity coefficient (DSC), average symmetric surface distance (ASSD) and 95% Hausdorff distance (HD95). Besides, computational complexity is also considered to study the potential of method in real-time processing. This study retrospectively collected 240 BM patients with Gadolinium injected contrast-enhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T1c-MRI), which were randomly split into training, validating and testing datasets (192, 24 and 24 scans, respectively). The lesions in the testing dataset were further divided into two groups based on the volume size (smallS: ≤1.5 cc,N= 88; largeL: > 1.5 cc,N= 15). On average, DeSeg yielded a sensitivity of 0.91 and a PPV of 0.77 on S group, and a DSC of 0.86, an ASSD 0f 0.76 mm and a HD95 of 2.31 mm onLgroup. The results indicated that DeSeg achieved leading sensitivity and PPV for tiny lesions as well as segmentation metrics for large ones. After our clinical validation, DeSeg showed competitive segmentation performance while kept faster processing speed comparing with existing 3D models.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Radiocirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Radiocirurgia/métodos
19.
Eur J Med Chem ; 247: 115037, 2023 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36566716

RESUMO

Abnormally expressed or malfunctioning proteins may affect or even damage cells, leading to the onset of diseases. Proteolysis targeting chimera (PROTAC) technology has been proven to be a fresh therapeutic strategy, superior to conventional small molecule inhibitors for the treatment of diseases caused by pathogenic proteins. Unlike conventional small molecule inhibitors that are occupancy-driven, PROTACs are heterobifunctional small molecules with catalytic properties. They combine with E3 ligases and target proteins to form a ternary complex, rendering the target protein ubiquitous and subsequently degraded by the proteasome. This paper focuses first on significant events in the development of PROTAC technology from 2001 to 2022, followed by a brief overview of various PROTACs categorized by target proteins. In addition, the applications of PROTACs in the treatment of diseases and fundamental biology are also under discussion.


Assuntos
Ouro , Proteólise , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Proteínas/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Atmosfera , Tecnologia
20.
Gene ; 850: 146953, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36243214

RESUMO

The mechanisms of chemoreception in fig wasps (Hymenoptera, Agaonidae) are of primary importance in their co-evolutionary relationship with the fig trees they pollinate. We used transcriptome sequences of 25 fig wasps in six genera that allowed a comparative approach to the evolution of key molecular components of fig wasp chemoreception: their odorant (OR) and gustatory (GR) receptor genes. In total, we identified 311 ORs and 47 GRs, with each species recording from 5 to 30 OR genes and 1-4 GR genes. 304 OR genes clustered into 18 orthologous groups known to be sensitive to cuticular hydrocarbons (CHC), pheromones, acids, alcohols and a variety of floral scents such as cineole, Linalool, and Heptanone. 45 GR genes clustered into 4 orthologous groups that contain sweet, bitter, CO2 and undocumented receptors. Gene sequences in most orthologous groups varied greatly among species, except for ORco (60.0% conserved) and sweet receptors (30.7% conserved). Strong purifying selection of both odorant and gustatory genes was detected, as shown by low ω values. Signatures of positive selection were detected in loci from both OR and GR orthologous groups. Fig wasps have relatively few olfactory and especially gustatory receptors, reflecting the natural history of the system. Amino acid sequences nonetheless vary significantly between species and are consistent with the phylogenetic relationships among fig wasps. The differences in ORs within some orthologous groups from the same species, but different hosts and from closely related species from one host can reach as low as 49.3% and 9.8% respectively, implying the ORs of fig wasps can evolve rapidly to novel ecological environments. Our results provide a starting point for understanding the molecular basis of the chemosensory systems of fig wasps.


Assuntos
Ficus , Vespas , Animais , Dióxido de Carbono , Eucaliptol , Ficus/genética , Feromônios , Filogenia , Polinização , Simbiose , Vespas/genética
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