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1.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514712

RESUMO

Sepsis and sepsis-induced skeletal muscle atrophy are common in patients in intensive care units with high mortality, while the mechanisms are controversial and complicated. In the present study, the atrophy of skeletal muscle was evaluated in sepsis mouse model as well as the apoptosis of muscle fibres. Sepsis induced atrophy of skeletal muscle and apoptosis of myofibres in vivo and in vitro. In cell-based in vitro experiments, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation also inhibited the proliferation of myoblasts. At the molecular level, the expression of polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) and phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-AKT) was decreased. Overexpression of PLK1 partly rescued LPS-induced apoptosis, proliferation suppression and atrophy in C2C12 cells. Furthermore, inhibiting the AKT pathway deteriorated LPS-induced atrophy in PLK1-overexpressing C2C12 myotubes. PLK1 was found to participate in regulating apoptosis and E3 ubiquitin ligase activity in C2C12 cells. Taken together, these results indicate that sepsis induces skeletal muscle atrophy by promoting apoptosis of muscle fibres and inhibiting proliferation of myoblasts via regulation of the PLK1-AKT pathway. These findings enhance understanding of the mechanism of sepsis-induced skeletal muscle atrophy.

2.
Nanoscale ; 13(31): 13463-13472, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477751

RESUMO

The oriented distribution and strong bonding of Fe active sites in multiple metal hydroxides are crucial to modulate activity and stability for efficient oxygen evolution reaction (OER). However, the dispersion and inevitable dissolution of Fe species still need to be addressed through deliberate design. Here, trace amounts of Fe chelated with tannic acid (TA) are precisely anchored to ultrathin Co hydroxides (TF@Co(OH)2-t) through a new anodic interfacial coordination assembly strategy: firstly, the ZIF-67@Co(OH)2 precursor with ultrathin Co(OH)2 nanosheets vertically grown on the shell, provides abundant active sites and sufficient anchoring regions for subsequent TA-Fe coating; secondly, the TA-Fe ligand network quickly and robustly coats the surface of the Co(OH)2via positive potential-driven chronopotentiometry, yielding TF@Co(OH)2-t with good dispersion and controllable Fe species. The TA-Fe network efficiently activates Co species and prevents the dissolution of Fe ions. Physical characterization and DFT simulations reveal that the optimized OER activity with 317 mV at 10 mA cm-2 for TF@Co(OH)2-500 can be attributed to the accelerated electron transfer, increased active sites, and the moderate fall in d-band center levels due to Fe integration. Moreover, prolonged stability is realized benefiting from the robust TA-Fe coating protecting the actives sites.

3.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 2863856, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484467

RESUMO

Angiopoietin-like 3 (ANGPTL3), which is involved in new blood vessel growth, has been reported to exhibit an abnroaml expression in many different cancers. However, the expressing pattern and functions of ANGPTL3 renal cell carcinoma (RCC) were rarely reported. In this study, we observed that ANGPTL3 expression was distinctly downregulated in both RCC specimens from TCGA datasets and cell lines. Survival assays also revealed that patients with low ANGPTL3 expression exhibited a shorter overall survival and disease-free survival than those with high ANGPTL3 expression. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, Colony formation assay, and flow cytometry showed that overexpression of ANGPTL3 distinctly suppressed the proliferation of RCC cells, and promoted apoptosis. Transwell assays and Wound healing assays revealed that ANGPTL3 upregulation suppressed the migration and invasion of RCC cells. Then, we explored whether ANGPTL3 dysregulation influenced the alteration of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling using TOP/FOP flash reporter assays and western blot. The results showed that overexpression of ANGPTL3 distinctly suppressed the activity of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. Overall, our results confirmed that overexpression of ANGPTL3 was related to the malignancy and good prognosis of RCC patients, and ANGPTL3 upregulation inhibited the tumor proliferation and metastasis via the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. ANGPTL3 may be a novel therapeutic target and a prognostic biomarker for RCC patients.

4.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 9987219, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484568

RESUMO

A relationship between excess epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been reported. Browning of EAT may be a novel approach for the prevention or treatment of AF by attenuating atrial fibrosis. Previous studies have identified microRNA-21 (miR-21) as a regulatory factor in atrial fibrosis. The present study examined the role of different subtypes of miR-21 in adipose browning and atrial fibrosis under hyperglycemic conditions. Wild type and miR-21 knockout C57BL/6 mice were used to establish a diabetic model via intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. A coculture model of atrial fibroblasts and adipocytes was also established. We identified miR-21-3p as a key regulator that controls adipocyte browning and participates in atrial fibrosis under hyperglycemic conditions. Moreover, fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 1, a direct target of miR-21-3p, decreased in this setting and controlled adipose browning. Gain and loss-of-function experiments identified a regulatory pathway in adipocytes involving miR-21a-3p, FGFR1, FGF21, and PPARγ that regulated adipocyte browning and participated in hyperglycemia-induced atrial fibrosis. Modulation of this signaling pathway may provide a therapeutic option for the prevention and treatment of atrial fibrosis or AF in DM.

5.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523345

RESUMO

A modified community multiscale air quality model, which can simulate the regional distributions of 2,3-dihydroxy-4-oxopentanoic acid (DHOPA), a marker species for monoaromatic secondary organic aerosol (SOA), was applied to assess the applicability of using the DHOPA to aromatic SOA mass ratio (fSOA) from smog chamber experiments to estimate aromatic SOA during a three-week wintertime air quality campaign in urban Shanghai. The modeled daily DHOPA concentrations based on the chamber-derived mass yields agree well with the organic marker field measurements (R = 0.79; MFB = 0.152; and MFE = 0.440). Two-thirds of the DHOPA are from the oxidation of ARO1 (lumped less-reactive aromatic species; mostly toluene), with the rest from ARO2 (lumped more-reactive aromatic species; mostly xylenes). Modeled DHOPA is mainly in the particle phase under ambient organic aerosol (OA) loading but could exhibit significant gas-particle partitioning when a higher estimation of the DHOPA vapor pressure is used. The modeled fSOA shows a strong dependence on the OA loading when only semivolatile aromatic SOA components are included in the fSOA calculations. However, this OA dependence becomes weaker when non-volatile oligomers and dicarbonyl SOA products are considered. A constant fSOA value of ∼0.002 is determined when all aromatic SOA components are included, which is a factor of 2 smaller than the commonly applied chamber-based fSOA value of 0.004 for toluene. This model-derived fSOA value does not show much spatial variation and is not sensitive to alternative estimates of DHOPA vapor pressures and SOA yields, and thus provides an appropriate scaling factor to assess aromatic SOA from DHOPA measurements. This result helps refine the quantification of SOA attributable to monoaromatic hydrocarbons in urban environments and thereby facilitates the evaluation of control measures targeting these specific precursors.

6.
Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) ; 89: 105475, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subtalar arthroereisis refers to the implantation of a sinus tarsi implant for the treatment of flexible flatfoot. The purpose of this study was to compare the ability to correct the flatfoot deformity and contact pressure of the posterior subtalar joint between two types of self-locking wedge implants and between two different positions for the same device in a cadaveric flatfoot model. METHODS: The flatfoot model was created in ten cadaver feet through ligament sectioning and cyclic loading. Three kinds of arthroereisis procedures were evaluated: Talar-Fit (type I self-locking wedge implant) anchored in the sinus portion of the tarsal sinus (T-sinus group), Talar-Fit in the canalis portion (T-canalis group), and HyProCure (type II) in the canalis portion (H group). Corrective ability in the sagittal and transverse planes were measured with clinometers. Contact pressure was measured with pressure-sensitive films. FINDINGS: T-canalis group provided more sagittal (mean difference for size 10 mm: 1.9°, P = 0.014; mean difference for size 11 mm: 3.1°, P = 0.037) and transverse (mean difference for size 8 mm: 1.8°, P = 0.049; mean difference for size 11 mm: 2.2°, P = 0.049) corrections than T-sinus group. The flattening process shifted the peak pressure of the posterior subtalar joint to the posteromedial side (P < 0.05) and arthroereisis helped the distribution of contact pressure restore uniformity (all P > 0.05). INTERPRETATION: A self-locking wedge implant inserted in the canalis portion of the tarsal sinus achieved better correction than an implant inserted in the sinus portion.

7.
Environ Pollut ; 291: 118131, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530241

RESUMO

Particulate matter emitted from vehicles (PMvehicle) represents a major air pollution source in urban areas. Ambient measurements of hopanes and elemental carbon have traditionally been coupled with the Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) model to quantify the contributions to fine PM from diesel and gasoline vehicular emissions (VE). The organic carbon part of PMvehicle, however, undergoes gas-particle partitioning and oxidation degradation as VE move from exhaust pipe to receptor sites. This creates an issue of deviation from mass conservation in the utility of CMB. The impact of this issue on quantifying PMvehicle has remained largely uncharacterized. In this study, we incorporate in CMB the gas-particle partitioning of VE organic aerosols and hopane oxidation, which is equivalent to adopting dynamic VE source profiles. The modified version of CMB is applied to quantify primary PMvehicle contributions at a roadside and a general urban site in Hong Kong. For the roadside site, the modified CMB reports predominant PMvehicle by diesel VE, a result consistent with previous studies. For the general urban site, the apportioned gasoline contribution by the modified CMB is tripled (0.8 ± 0.5 vs. 2.7 ± 2.1 µg/m3) while the diesel contribution is reduced by one third (1.7 ± 1.2 vs. 1.1 ± 1.2 µg/m3), producing a gasoline-diesel split significantly different from that by traditional CMB (1:2 vs. 5:2). Our work strongly indicates that a static representation of VE source profiles in CMB modeling would create flawed PMvehicle estimation and demonstrates the necessity of considering gas-particle partitioning of organic aerosol and hopane oxidation degradation.

8.
Trials ; 22(1): 566, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521466

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-alcohol fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in the world, with a high incidence and no effective treatment. At present, the targeted therapy of intestinal microbes for NAFLD is highly valued. Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP), as the main active ingredient of Lycium barbarum, is considered to be a new type of prebiotic substance, which can improve NAFLD by regulating the gut microbiota. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of LBP supplementation in modulating gut microbiota for NAFLD patients. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-control study will be conducted in the physical examination center of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region People's Hospital. A total of 50 patients with NAFLD confirmed by abdominal ultrasound, laboratory tests, and questionnaire surveys will be recruited and randomly assigned into the control group (maltodextrin placebo capsules) and the intervention group (LBP supplementation capsules) for 3 months. Neither patients, nor investigators, nor data collectors will know the contents in each capsule and the randomization list. The primary outcome measure is the level of ALT concentration relief after the intervention. Secondary outcomes include gut microbiota abundance and diversity, intestinal permeability, patient's characteristic demographic data and body composition, adverse effects, and compliance from patients. DISCUSSION: LBPs are potential prebiotics with the property of regulating host gut microbiota. Our previous studies have documented that LBP supplement can improve the liver damage and the gut microflora dysbiosis in NAFLD rats. This treatment would provide a more in-depth understanding of the effect of this LBP supplementation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Register, ChiCTR2000034740 . Registered on 17 July 2020.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Suplementos Nutricionais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Ratos
9.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 27(10): 1206-1213, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369077

RESUMO

AIMS: The risk of hemoglobin decline induced by low-dose aspirin in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency remains unknown, and its influence on stroke outcome remains to be investigated. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of G6PD deficiency on hemoglobin level during aspirin treatment and its association with outcome after acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: In total, 279 patients (40 G6PD-deficient and 239 G6PD-normal) with acute ischemic stroke treated with aspirin 100 mg/day from a cohort study were examined. The primary safety endpoint was a hemoglobin decline ≥25 g/L or 25% from baseline within 14 days after aspirin treatment. Poor outcomes were defined as a modified Rankin Scale score ≥2 at 3 months. The χ2 test was used to compare stroke outcomes, and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to analyze the association between hemoglobin level and outcomes. RESULTS: The G6PD-deficient group had lower baseline hemoglobin and tended to develop comorbid pulmonary infection more frequently (p < 0.05). The proportion of patients with hemoglobin decline ≥25 g/L or 25% from baseline (15.0% vs. 3.3%; p = 0.006) and anemia (30.0% vs. 14.6%; p = 0.016) after aspirin treatment was higher in the G6PD-deficient group, which was accompanied by a more significant bilirubin increase. The rate of poor functional outcomes at 3 months after acute ischemic stroke was higher in the G6PD-deficient group (Risk ratio = 1.31 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.10-1.56]; p = 0.017). Confounder-adjusted analysis showed that lower hemoglobin levels (odds ratio = 0.98 [95% CI = 0.96-0.99]; adjusted p = 0.009) increased the risk of poor functional outcomes. CONCLUSION: Hemoglobin decrease with bilirubin increase after aspirin treatment in patients with G6PD deficiency suggests hemolysis, which may influence stroke prognosis. The risk of hemoglobin decline should be carefully monitored in G6PD-deficient patients with ischemic stroke taking aspirin.

10.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(17): 11579-11589, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396780

RESUMO

Inorganic nitrogen (IN) and organic nitrogen (ON) molecules constitute a significant part of atmospheric aerosol. Unlike IN, the total ON quantity remains largely unquantified due to a lack of a simple and direct measurement method. This analytical deficiency hinders the quantitative assessment of the various environmental and health effect impacts by aerosol ON. In this work, we developed an analyzer system that utilizes programmed thermal evolution of carbonaceous and nitrogenous aerosols and chemiluminescence detection coupled with the multivariate curve resolution data treatment to achieve simultaneous quantification of IN and ON. The system is capable of detecting IN and ON as low as 96 ng N per sample on a small filter aliquot (1 cm2) without any pretreatment. This method breakthrough opens the door to quantifying an important pool of aerosol N that was analytically inaccessible in the past and holds the promise to quantifying IN and ON in other environmental samples. As a demonstration, quantification of aerosol ON at an urban site in Hong Kong, China, in samples spanning over a year reveals ON constituting a significant fraction (9-52%) of the total aerosol nitrogen and having major source origins in both secondary formation and primary emissions.

11.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 642000, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34421815

RESUMO

In recent decades, the prevalence of obesity has been rising. One of the major characteristics of obesity is fat accumulation, including hyperplasia (increase in number) and hypertrophy (increase in size). After histological staining, it is critical to accurately measure the number and size of adipocytes for assessing the severity of obesity in a timely fashion. Manual measurement is accurate but time-consuming. Although commercially available adipocyte counting tools, including AdipoCount, Image-Pro Plus, and ImageJ were helpful, limitations still exist in accuracy and time consuming. In the present study, we introduced the protocol of combined usage of these tools and illustrated the process with histological staining slides from adipose tissues of lean and obese mice. We found that the adipocyte sizes quantified by the tool combination were comparable as manual measurement, whereas the combined methods were more efficient. Besides, the recognition effect of monochrome segmentation image is better than that of color segmentation image. Overall, we developed a combination method to measure adipocyte sizes accurately and efficiently, which may be helpful for experimental process in laboratory and also for clinic diagnosis.

12.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(69): 8584-8587, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355228

RESUMO

A facile synthetic method to form cage-annulated crown ether with anchored imidazolium units was developed. The present work verified the potential application of the metal-carbene template approach (MCTA) in the preparation of novel flexible polyimidazolium cages by photochemical [2+2] cycloaddition reactions and may provide a new method for the preparation of flexible pure organic cages with incorporation of a variety of functional sites.

13.
FASEB J ; 35(9): e21823, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396581

RESUMO

Exercise training exerts protective effects against diabetic nephropathy. This study aimed to investigate whether exercise training could attenuate diabetic renal injury via regulating endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) production. First, C57BL/6 mice were allocated into the control, diabetes, exercise, and diabetes + exercise groups. Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). Treadmill exercise continued for four weeks. Second, mice was allocated into the control, diabetes, H2 S and diabetes + H2 S groups. H2 S donor sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) was intraperitoneally injected once daily for four weeks. STZ-induced diabetic mice exhibited glomerular hypertrophy, tissue fibrosis and increased urine albumin levels, urine protein- and albumin-to-creatinine ratios, which were relieved by exercise training. Diabetic renal injury was associated with apoptotic cell death, as evidenced by the enhanced caspase-3 activity, the increased TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling -positive cells and the reduced expression of anti-apoptotic proteins, all of which were attenuated by exercise training. Exercise training enhanced renal sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) expression in diabetic mice, accompanied by an inhibition of the p53-#ediated pro-apoptotic pathway. Furthermore, exercise training restored the STZ-mediated downregulation of cystathionine-ß-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) and the reduced renal H2 S production. NaHS treatment restored SIRT1 expression, inhibited the p53-mediated pro-apoptotic pathway and attenuated diabetes-associated apoptosis and renal injury. In high glucose-treated MPC5 podocytes, NaHS treatment inhibited the p53-mediated pro-apoptotic pathway and podocyte apoptosis in a SIRT1-dependent manner. Collectively, exercise training upregulated CBS/CSE expression and enhanced the endogenous H2 S production in renal tissues, thereby contributing to the modulation of the SIRT1/p53 apoptosis pathway and improvement of diabetic nephropathy.


Assuntos
Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Condicionamento Físico Animal/fisiologia , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/fisiologia , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/fisiopatologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/fisiopatologia , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Podócitos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347609

RESUMO

The generation-based data augmentation method can overcome the challenge caused by the imbalance of medical image data to a certain extent. However, most of the current research focus on images with unified structure which are easy to learn. What is different is that ultrasound images are structurally inadequate, making it difficult for the structure to be captured by the generative network, resulting in the generated image lacks structural legitimacy. Therefore, a Progressive Generative Adversarial Method for Structurally Inadequate Medical Image Data Augmentation is proposed in this paper, including a network and a strategy. Our Progressive Texture Generative Adversarial Network alleviates the adverse effect of completely truncating the reconstruction of structure and texture during the generation process and enhances the implicit association between structure and texture. The Image Data Augmentation Strategy based on Mask-Reconstruction overcomes data imbalance from a novel perspective, maintains the legitimacy of the structure in the generated data, as well as increases the diversity of disease data interpretably. The experiments prove the effectiveness of our method on data augmentation and image reconstruction on Structurally Inadequate Medical Image both qualitatively and quantitatively. Finally, the weakly supervised segmentation of the lesion is the additional contribution of our method.

15.
Neurocrit Care ; 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34350554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury is a common and devastating injury that is the leading cause of neurological disability and death worldwide. Patients with cerebral lobe contusion received conservative treatment because of their mild manifestations, but delayed intracranial hematoma may increase and even become life-threatening. We explored the noninvasive method to predict the prognosis of progression and Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) by using a quantitative radiomics approach and statistical analysis. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients who were pathologically diagnosed were retrospectively studied. The radiomics method developed in this work included image segmentation, feature extraction, and feature selection. The nomograms were established based on statistical analysis and a radiomics method. We conducted a comparative study of hematoma progression and GOS between the clinical factor alone and fusion radiomics features. RESULTS: Nineteen clinical factors, 513 radiomics features, and 116 locational features were considered. Among clinical factors, international normalized ratio, prothrombin time, and fibrinogen were enrolled for hematoma progression. As for GOS, treatment strategy, age, Glasgow Coma Scale score, and blood platelet were associated factors. Eight features for GOS and five features for hematoma progression were filtered by using sparse representation and locality preserving projection-combined method. Four nomograms were constructed. After fusion radiomics features, area under the curve of hematoma progression prediction increased from 0.832 to 0.899, whereas GOS prediction went from 0.794 to 0.844. CONCLUSIONS: A radiomic-based model that merges radiomics and clinical features is a noninvasive approach to predict hematoma progression and clinical outcomes of cerebral contusions in traumatic brain injury.

16.
J Mol Neurosci ; 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346038

RESUMO

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a major postoperative neurological complication in children and the elderly. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying this process remain unclear. This study aims to investigate the effect of pleiotrophin on sevoflurane-induced neuroinflammation and cognitive impairment. The novel object recognition test was performed to evaluate the cognitive and motor function of aged C57BL/6 (wild-type, WT) and pleiotrophin-knockout mice treated with sevoflurane. Small molecule inhibitors targeting receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase (RPTP) ß/ζ, a pleiotrophin receptor, were used to ameliorate cognitive dysfunction. Sevoflurane treatment induced cognitive dysfunction and motor impairment in aged WT mice. Sevoflurane anesthesia induced the upregulation of certain inflammatory cytokines. Pleiotrophin knockout ameliorated the sevoflurane-induced cognitive dysfunction and motor impairment in vivo. Treatment with small molecule inhibitors targeting RPTP ß/ζ inhibited sevoflurane-induced neuroinflammation. In summary, pleiotrophin was shown to potentiate sevoflurane anesthesia-induced cognitive dysfunction and learning deficits in mice.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384212

RESUMO

Cu2S, consisting of Earth-abundant and eco-friendly elements, is a promising candidate for thermoelectric energy conversion. The stoichiometric Cu2S has intrinsically low thermal conductivity together with meagre electrical conductivity. Herein, in order to improve the electrical properties, we develop a facile solvothermal method for synthesizing a series of Cu2-xS with tunable phase compositions. With reduction in the CuCl/Na2S molar ratio in the solution precursors from 2:1 to 1.75:1, the solvothermal products transform from single-phase Cu2S into Cu2S-Cu1.96S composites, which are preserved in the hot-pressed pellets. The decreased CuCl/Na2S molar ratio results in increased room-temperature Hall carrier concentration, leading to enhanced electrical conductivity. Specifically, the pellet corresponding to the 1.75:1 CuCl/Na2S precursor ratio obtains a power factor of 8.04 µW cm-1 K-2 at 815 K, which is ∼735% of the value obtained by stoichiometric Cu2S. Along with the moderate thermal conductivity, this sample achieves an enhanced zT value of 0.87 at 815 K, representing a ∼250% increase when compared to stoichiometric Cu2S. This study demonstrates an effective strategy in enhancing the thermoelectric performance of solution-synthesized Cu2S-based materials by phase tuning.

18.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(14): 1669-1680, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The neoadjuvant chemotherapy is increasingly used in advanced gastric cancer, but the effects on safety and survival are still controversial. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the overall survival and short-term surgical outcomes between neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery (NACS) and surgery alone (SA) for locally advanced gastric cancer. METHODS: Databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar) were explored for relative studies from January 2000 to January 2021. The quality of randomized controlled trials and cohort studies was evaluated using the modified Jadad scoring system and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale, respectively. The Review Manager software (version 5.3) was used to perform this meta-analysis. The overall survival was evaluated as the primary outcome, while perioperative indicators and post-operative complications were evaluated as the secondary outcomes. RESULTS: Twenty studies, including 1420 NACS cases and 1942 SA cases, were enrolled. The results showed that there were no significant differences in overall survival (P = 0.240), harvested lymph nodes (P = 0.200), total complications (P = 0.080), and 30-day post-operative mortality (P = 0.490) between the NACS and SA groups. However, the NACS group was associated with a longer operation time (P < 0.0001), a higher R0 resection rate (P = 0.003), less reoperation (P = 0.030), and less anastomotic leakage (P = 0.007) compared with SA group. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with SA, NACS was considered safe and feasible for improved R0 resection rate as well as decreased reoperation and anastomotic leakage. While unbenefited overall survival indicated a less important effect of NACS on long-term oncological outcomes.


Assuntos
Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Am J Hematol ; 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370319

RESUMO

The aim of our study was to evaluate the most optimal donor for young acute leukemia (AL) patients with multiple donors available for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), including HLA-matched sibling donors (MSDs), HLA-matched unrelated donors (URDs), haploidentical parental donors (HPDs), and haploidentical sibling donors (HSDs). From March 2008 to December 2016, 430 AL patients ≤ 35 years of age were included in the discovery, retrospective study. Patients who received transplantation from a MSD or a HSD had better 5-year OS rates compared with patients who received transplantation from a URD or a HPD. A superior graft-versus-leukemia effect was observed for high-risk patients undergoing HSD-HSCT with a lower relapse rate (p = 0.014) and a higher disease-free survival (DFS) rate (p = 0.029) compared with those undergoing MSD-HSCT. Outcomes of high-risk patients receiving an URD or HPD were equivalent. For intermediate/standard-risk patients, either a MSD or HSD may be the front-line donor selection with comparable outcomes. HLA-matched unrelated donors were preferred over HPDs with reduced non-relapse mortality and higher overall survival (OS) and DFS rates. We further conducted an independent prospective randomized study to evaluate the survival advantage with the new donor hierarchy. Two hundred and fifty patients were randomly assigned to follow our new donor hierarchy or the traditional donor hierarchy at a 2:1 ratio. The new donor hierarchy contributed to significantly superior 2-year OS and DFS rates (OS: 76.2% vs. 67.8%, p = 0.046; DFS: 71.8% vs. 64.5%, p = 0.039).

20.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419960

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the main trigger of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Circular RNA plays an indispensable role in cancer development, and this study aimed to disclose the function and mechanism of circ_0027089 in HBV-related HCC. The expression levels of circ_0027089, miR-136-5p and nucleus accumbens associated protein 1 (NACC1) mRNA were measured by quantitative real-time PCR, and the protein level of NACC1 was detected by western blot. For functional analyses, cell proliferation was assessed by cell counting kit-8 assay and colony formation assay. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle were detected by flow cytometry assay, and cell apoptosis was also assessed by caspase 3/7 activity. The capacities of migration and invasion were evaluated by wound healing assay and transwell assay, respectively. The predicted relationship between miR-136-5p and circ_0027089 or NACC1 was validated by dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation assay. Animal experiments were performed in nude mice to explore the role of circ_0027089 in vivo. Circ_0027089 expression and NACC1 expression were elevated, while miR-136-5p expression was decreased in HBV-related HCC tissues and cells. In function, circ_0027089 knockdown inhibited HepG2.2.15 and HepAD38 (tet-off) cell proliferation, migration and invasion but induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, while circ_0027089 overexpression played the reversed effects. For mechanism exploration, miR-136-5p was a target of circ_0027089, and miR-136-5p deficiency could reverse the role of circ_0027089 knockdown. Circ_0027089 functioned as an oncogene to promote the development of HBV-related HCC by regulating NACC1 via competitively targeting miR-136-5p.

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