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1.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 418-433, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35784637

RESUMO

Dental caries is one of the most prevalent human diseases resulting from tooth demineralization caused by acid production of bacteria plaque. It remains challenges for current practice to specifically identify, intervene and interrupt the development of caries while restoring defects. In this study, inspired by natural dental plaque, a stimuli-responsive multidrug delivery system (PMs@NaF-SAP) has been developed to prevent tooth decay and promote enamel restoration. Classic spherical core-shell structures of micelles dual-loaded with antibacterial and restorative agents are self-assembled into bacteria-responsive multidrug delivery system based on the pH-cleavable boronate ester bond, followed by conjugation with salivary-acquired peptide (SAP) to endow the nanoparticle with strong adhesion to tooth enamel. The constructed PMs@NaF-SAP specifically adheres to tooth, identifies cariogenic conditions and intelligently releases drugs at acidic pH, thereby providing antibacterial adhesion and cariogenic biofilm resistance, and restoring the microarchitecture and mechanical properties of demineralized teeth. Topical treatment with PMs@NaF-SAP effectively diminishes the onset and severity of caries without impacting oral microbiota diversity or surrounding mucosal tissues. These findings demonstrate this novel nanotherapy has potential as a promising biomedical application for caries prevention and tooth defect restoration while resisting biofilm-associated diseases in a controlled manner activated by pathological bacteria.

2.
J Dent ; : 104285, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089222

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the adhesive-dentin interface stability of primary teeth would be enhanced by epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) with ethanol wet-bonding. METHODS: Non-caries primary molars were sliced to achieve a flat dentin surface and etched then randomly distributed into five groups in accordance with different treatments: group 1, no treatment; group 2, applying absolute ethanol wet-bonding for 60 s; groups 3-5, applying 0.1%, 0.5%, and 1% (w/v) EGCG-incorporating ethanol wet-bonding (0.1%, 0.5%, and 1% EGCG) for 60 s. Singlebond universal adhesive was then applied followed by resin composite construction. Microtensile bond strength, fracture mode, and nanoleakage at adhesive-dentin interface were evaluated after 24 h of water storage or 10,000 times of thermocycling. Zymography of hybrid layer, biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans by CLSM, FESEM, and MTT test, and cytotoxicity by CCK-8 assay were respectively assessed. RESULTS: Irrespective of thermocycling, the dentin bond strength was preserved with reduced nanoleakage in the 0.5% and 1% EGCG groups. Furthermore, the activity of endogenous proteases and the growth of Streptococcus mutans biofilm were inhibited after treatment with 0.5% and 1% EGCG/ethanol solutions (groups 4 and 5). CCK-8 results of the 0.1% and 0.5% EGCG groups showed acceptable biocompatibility. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment by EGCG/ethanol solutions effectively enhanced the bond stability of primary teeth at the adhesive-dentin interface. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Synergistic application of EGCG and ethanol wet-bonding suggesting a promising strategy to improve dentin bonding durability with bacterial biofilm inhibition, thus increasing resin-based restorations' service life in primary dentition.

3.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2203523, 2022 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089659

RESUMO

T-cell engagers (TCEs) represent a breakthrough in hematological malignancy treatment but are vulnerable to antigen escape and lack a vaccination effect. The "immunologically cold" solid tumor presents substantial challenges due to intratumor heterogeneity and an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME). Here, a methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) (mPEG)-masked CD44×PD-L1/CD3 trispecific T-cell nanoengager loaded with the STING agonist c-di-AMP (CDA) (PmTriTNE@CDA) for the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is rationally designed. PmTriTNE@CDA shows tumor-specific accumulation and is preferentially unmasked in response to a weakly acidic TME to prevent on-target off-tumor toxicity. The unmasked CD44×PD-L1/CD3 trispecific T-cell nanoengager (TriTNE) targets dual tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) to redirect CD8+ T cells for heterogeneous TNBC lysis while achieving PD-L1 blockade. PmTriTNE synergized with CDA to transform the cold tumor into a hot tumor, eradicate the large established TNBC tumor, and induce protective immune memory in a 4T1 orthotopic tumor model without causing obvious toxicity. PmTriTNE@CDA shows potent efficacy in cell line-derived xenograft (CDX) and patient-derived xenograft (PDX) mouse models. This study serves as a proof-of-concept demonstration of a nanobased TCEs strategy to expand therapeutic combinations that previously could not be achieved due to systemic toxicity with the aim of overcoming TNBC heterogeneity and immunotherapy resistance.

4.
Front Surg ; 9: 894929, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090343

RESUMO

This is a rare but typical case of a Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess with migratory infections including purulent meningitis and endogenous endophthalmitis. The patient had a chief complaint of 7 days of fever, 4 days of blurry vision, and 4 h of glossolalia. Ultrasound scan and computed tomography (CT) suggested a liver abscess. Both blood and drainage fluid cultures grew K. pneumoniae with a high mucosal phenotype. The patient was finally diagnosed with a K. pneumoniae liver abscess, purulent meningitis, and endogenous K. pneumoniae endophthalmitis in the right eye. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) of the liver abscess was performed, and meropenem was used to control infection. The patient was given 0.1 ml of vancomycin (10 g/L) and 0.1 ml of ceftazidime (20 g/L) were by intravitreal injection for the treatment of endophthalmitis. The infection was gradually controlled after such treatments. The patient was discharged from our hospital with an improved condition. However, during the time of follow-up, she developed complications due to severe pneumonia and eventually died in a local hospital. This case revealed that a rapid diagnosis followed by appropriate treatment would improve prognosis and prevent severe metastatic complications.

5.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 1431967, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36045968

RESUMO

The blockchain is a distributed storage system of digital assets. This decentralized, non-copyable technology stems from universal standard password algorithm and the consensus mechanism of the game theory. The development of quantum computing poses threat to traditional algorithms of blockchain encryption, including symmetric encryption and hash encryption. Focusing on the traditional blockchain consensus mechanism, this paper designs a new blockchain consensus mechanism, based on the stochasticity, irreversibility, and uncertainty of quantum measurement. In the proposed consensus mechanism, complex calculations and intractability mathematical problems are abandoned. In this way, a huge amount of computing resources is saved, less energy is consumed, the time delay is shortened, and the throughput is increased. The proposed quantum consensus mechanism can withstand 51% attacks.

6.
Oncogene ; 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068334

RESUMO

Deciphering the crosstalk between RNA-binding proteins and corresponding RNAs will provide a better understanding of gastric cancer (GC) progression. The comprehensive bioinformatics study identified cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein 3 (CPEB3) might play a vital role in GC progression. Then we found CPEB3 was downregulated in GC and correlated with prognosis. In addition, CPEB3 suppressed GC cell proliferation, invasion and migration in vitro, as well as tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Mechanistic study demonstrated CPEB3 interacted with 3'-UTR of ADAR1 mRNA through binding to CPEC nucleotide element, and then inhibited its translation by localizing it to processing bodies (P bodies), eventually leading to the suppression of ADAR1-mediated RNA editing. Microscale thermophoresis assay further revealed that the direct interaction between CPEB3 and GW182, the P-body's major component, was through the 440-698AA region of CPEB3 binding to the 403-860AA region of GW182. Finally, AAV9-CPEB3 was developed and administrated in mouse models to assess its potential value in gene therapy. We found AAV9-CPEB3 inhibited GC growth and metastasis. Besides, AAV9-CPEB3 induced hydropic degeneration in mouse liver, but did not cause kidney damage. These findings concluded that CPEB3 suppresses GC progression by inhibiting ADAR1-mediated RNA editing via localizing ADAR1 mRNA to P bodies.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 853: 158450, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058329

RESUMO

The temporal variation, sources, and health risks of elemental composition in fine particles (PM2.5) were explored using online measurements of 19 elements with a time resolution of 1 h at an urban location in Changzhou, China, from December 10, 2020 to March 31, 2021. The mass concentration of PM2.5 was 50.1 ±â€¯32.6 µg m-3, with a range of 3-218 µg m-3. The total concentration of 19 elements (2568 ±â€¯1839 ng m-3) accounted for 5.1 % of PM2.5 mass concentration. S, Cl, Si, and Fe were the dominant elementary species, accounting for 90 % of total element mass concentrations during the whole campaign. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) model was applied to identify the major emission sources of elements in PM2.5. Seven factors, named secondary sulfate mixed with coal combustion, Cl-rich, traffic, iron and steel industry, soil dust, fireworks, and shipping, were identified. The major sources for elements were iron and steel industry, followed by soil dust and secondary sulfate mixed with coal combustion, explaining 32.0 %, 23.5 % and 16.7 % of the total source contribution, respectively. The total hazard index (HI) of elements was 3.01 for children and 1.18 for adults, much greater than the admissible level (HI = 1). The total carcinogenic risk (CR) in Changzhou was estimated to be 5.87 × 10-5, which was above the acceptable CR level (1 × 10-6). Among the calculated metal elements, Cr, Co and As have higher carcinogenic risk, and Co was found to trigger the highest noncarcinogenic risk to Children. Our results indicate that industrial emission is the dominant CR contributor, emphasizing the necessity for stringent regulation of industry sources. Overall, our study provides useful information for policymakers to reduce emissions and health risks from elements in the Yangtze River Delta region.

9.
Cell Host Microbe ; 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36108630

RESUMO

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron subvariant BA.2.75 emerged recently and appears to be spreading. It has nine mutations in spike compared with the currently circulating BA.2, raising concerns that it may further evade vaccine-elicited and therapeutic antibodies. We found BA.2.75 to be moderately more neutralization resistant to sera from vaccinated/boosted individuals than BA.2 (1.8-fold), similar to BA.2.12.1 (1.1-fold), but more neutralization sensitive than BA.4/5 (0.6-fold). Relative to BA.2, BA.2.75 showed heightened resistance to class 1 and class 3 monoclonal antibodies targeting the spike-receptor-binding domain while gaining sensitivity to class 2 antibodies. Resistance was largely conferred by G446S and R460K mutations. BA.2.75 was slightly resistant (3.7-fold) to bebtelovimab, a therapeutic antibody with potent activity against all Omicron subvariants. BA.2.75 also exhibited a higher binding affinity to host receptor ACE2 than other Omicron subvariants. BA.2.75 provides further insight into SARS-CoV-2 evolution as it gains transmissibility while incrementally evading antibody neutralization.

10.
Biomed Pharmacother ; : 113541, 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36127221

RESUMO

Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen-presenting cells (APCs) that are essential in mediating the body's natural and adaptive immune responses. The body can regulate the function of DCs in various ways to enhance their antitumor effects. In the tumour microenvironment (TME), antigen-specific T cell responses are initiated through DC processing and delivery of tumour-associated antigens (TAAs); conversely, tumour cells inhibit DC recruitment by releasing metabolites, cytokines and other regulatory TME and function. Different subpopulations of DCs exist in tumour tissues, and their functions vary. Insight into DC subgroups in TME allows assessment of the effectiveness of tumour immunotherapy. Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) is the main component of the Chinese herb Astragalus membranaceus. The study found that the antitumor effects of APS are closely related to DCs. APS can promote the expression of surface molecules CD80 and CD86, promote the maturation of DCs, and activate CTL to exert antitumor effects. We reviewed the application of DCs in tumor immunotherapy and the mechanism of modulation of DCs by Astragalus polysaccharide to provide new directions and strategies for tumor therapy and new drug development.

11.
Eye (Lond) ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36127426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the presence of residual emulsified silicone oil (SO) droplets in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and their possible risk factors. METHODS: Patients who underwent primary pars plana vitrectomy with SO injection for RRD and SO removal at the same eye centre were included. Approximately 10 weeks after SO removal, B-scan ultrasonography was performed, and using ImageJ, the silicone oil index (SOI) was measured, and its possible correlations with other clinical factors were explored. RESULTS: A total of 101 eyes were included. Residual SO particles were found in all the patients (100%), and the mean SOI was 4.04% ± 5.16% (range 0.06%-19.88%). Multiple linear regression revealed that, among all the clinical factors, axial length (AL) and ocular hypertension (intraocular pressure (IOP) > 21 mmHg or the use of antiglaucoma medications) before SO removal were positively and significantly associated with the SOI (all P < 0.05). Patients with ocular hypertension after SO removal had a higher SOI, a longer SO duration, a higher IOP before SO removal and a longer AL than those without (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a larger AL and higher IOP before SO removal were more prone to have more residual SO droplets, which might in turn lead to an elevated IOP. In these eyes, thorough irrigation or repeated fluid-air exchange might be necessary.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(35): e30409, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107593

RESUMO

Double-eyelid surgery is a very common practice in East Asian patients. The differential distribution of pretarsal tissue layers is considered to be the anatomical mechanism of natural Asiatic single eyelid, it is possible to form double-eyelid crease by re-positioning the pretarsal structure layers. The author presents a new double-eyelid surgery based on re-positioning of the pretarsal structure layers without tissue removal. Over a 6-year period, 1440 patients underwent new double-eyelid surgeries. With the pretarsal orbicularis oculi muscle incised, the pre-pretarsal levator aponeurosis fascia fibroadipose was first dissected to form a fibroadipose flap, and then repositioned with the eyelid lower lip orbicularis oculi muscle flap. The new composite structure was anchored at 3 points on the pretarsal levator aponeurosis fascia; the skin was sutured to form a smooth crease. Post-operative outcome and follow-up data were analyzed. Patients were followed up for an average of 2 years. esthetic outcomes were satisfactory for 97.91% of patients, who enjoyed new double upper eyelids with smooth creases and invisible incision lines. Outcomes were unsatisfactory for 2.08% of patients (double-eyelid regression, 0.76%; asymmetric creases, 1.32%). All patients who were not satisfied with their esthetic outcomes underwent second correction surgery. This new Pan-flap technique focuses on the correct dissection and repositioning of differentially thickened pre-pretarsal levator aponeurosis fascia fibroadipose tissue in East Asian patients. This new technique can generate broader and tighter attachment between pretarsal orbicularis oculi muscle and levator aponeurosis fascia, and form smooth double-eyelid crease without pretarsal soft tissue removal.


Assuntos
Blefaroplastia , Aponeurose , Blefaroplastia/métodos , Estética , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Músculos Faciais , Humanos
13.
Chem Biol Interact ; 366: 110144, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spermatogenesis dysfunction is common in clinically infertile patients. Geniposide (GP) is one of the important active ingredients extracted from Eucommia ulmoides. However, the protective effect and mechanism of GP in the treatment of spermatogenic dysfunction is not known yet. METHODS: After cyclophosphamide-induced spermatogenic dysfunction was established in male mice, we gavaged GP for 4 weeks to evaluate spermatogenic function and anti-apoptotic effects by fertility, testicular weight, sperm quality, endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress), comet assay and serum testosterone level. RESULTS: GP can improve the damage of fertility and reproductive organs induced by cyclophosphamide and increase the number and activity of sperm. In comet assay, it was found that GP administration could alleviate sperm DNA damage induced by cyclophosphamide. In addition, GP treatment can significantly reduce ThT fluorescence intensity and improve endoplasmic reticulum stress induced by cyclophosphamide. Besides, TUNEL staining and WB showed that GP could inhibit the excessive apoptosis of cells and protect testis. (p < 0.05, p < 0.01, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The protective effect of Geniposide on cyclophosphamide-induced spermatogenic dysfunction in mice is related to the inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum stress.

14.
Appl Radiat Isot ; 189: 110424, 2022 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084507

RESUMO

Aiming to improve the spatial resolution of a neutron imaging system (NIS) for 14 MeV fusion neutrons, an ideal micron resolution capillary detector filled with a high optical index liquid scintillator was simulated. A threshold for each capillary pixel and a threshold for each cluster were applied to suppress the gamma-induced background. In addition, by using a pattern recognition algorithm and an optimized Hough transform, the accuracy of determining the neutron impinging positions and the dynamic range of this detector were enhanced. For an ideal capillary array detector, the spatial resolution is expected as one capillary size of 20µm. The dynamic range of ∼1000 is reachable while the accuracy of neutron impinging position determination keeps better than 85%. The ionization quenching, light sharing and energy resolution of the detector were applied to the simulated data to understand the capillary array detector.

15.
Biomaterials ; 289: 121766, 2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087549

RESUMO

Excessive CD4+ T helper (Th)-B-cell interactions and loss of Treg homeostasis are crucial to the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Targeting the SLE-specific upregulated costimulatory molecules ICOS or CD40L on Th can block Th-B reciprocal activation, but single costimulatory molecular blockade exhibited unsatisfactory therapeutic efficacy due to pathway redundancy. As ICOS and CD40L nonredundantly and cooperatively promote Th-B-cell reciprocal activation, simultaneously blocking ICOS and CD40L may achieve a synergistic effect. Moreover, inhibition of overactivated mTOR signaling by rapamycin (RAP) can promote Treg expansion while restraining autoreactive T-B-cell activation, which can work as an adjuvant to pair with costimulation blockade to restore immune homeostasis. However, systemic administration of multiple immune modulators is hindered by limited drug enrichment at the target site and increased systemic toxicity. Here, we rationally designed RAP-encapsulated ICOS/CD40L bispecific nanoparticles (NPs) to achieve multitarget therapy in a disease-specific manner. Through ex vivo cocultures of Th and B cells from SLE mice or patients and in vivo SLE mouse models, we demonstrated that RAP-encapsulated ICOS/CD40L bispecific NPs selectively target SLE Th cells and potently inhibit Th-B-cell reciprocal activation by targeting dual costimulatory pathways. In addition, the sustained release of RAP benefits from the precise targeting ability of bispecific NPs to further inhibit in situ Th-B cells while promote bystander Treg cells, which help to significantly alleviate SLE progression in both inducible and spontaneous lupus models with no obvious toxicity.

16.
Front Immunol ; 13: 934442, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110859

RESUMO

Introduction: Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell (CAR-T) therapy followed by haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) markedly improves the long-term survival of patients with refractory/relapsed (R/R) B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). Methods: We performed a parallel comparison of transplant outcomes in 168 B-ALL patients undergoing haplo-HSCT after achieving minimal residual disease (MRD)-negative complete remission (CR) from CAR-T therapy (n = 28) or chemotherapy (n = 140) between January 2016 and August 2021. We further divided the chemotherapy group into the first CR group (chemo+CR1, n = 118) and a second or more CR group (chemo+≥CR2, n = 22). Results: With a median follow-up period of 31.0 months, the 2-year overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and relapse rates in the CAR-T and chemotherapy groups did not differ significantly (OS, 87.9% vs. 71.5 %; LFS, 72.0% vs. 66.8%; NRM, 3.9% vs. 13.7%; relapse, 24.1% vs. 19.4%). Multivariate analysis confirmed that ≥CR2 at transplantation following chemotherapy was an independent risk factor associated with poor OS (hazard ratio (HR) 4.22 [95% CI, 1.34-13.293], p = 0.014) and LFS (HR 2.57 [95% CI, 1.041-6.343], p = 0.041). The probabilities of OS and LFS at 2 years in the CAR-T group were comparable to those in the chemo+CR1 group but significantly higher than those in the chemo+≥CR2 group (OS, 87.9% vs. 37.8%, p = 0.007; LFS, 72.0% vs. 41.7%, p = 0.043). No significant differences in the incidences of NRM were noted among the three groups. Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that patients with R/R B-ALL receiving haplo-HSCT after CAR-T therapy achieved comparable outcomes to patients transplanted post-chemotherapy-based MRD-negative CR1, without increased risk of transplant-related mortality and toxicity.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Neoplasia Residual , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/genética , Recidiva
17.
J Neurosci ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36100398

RESUMO

Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is characterized by the formation of orthogonal arrays of particles (OAPs) comprising its M1 and M23 isoforms in the plasma membrane. However, the biological importance of OAP formation is obscure. Here, we developed an OAP depolymerization male mouse model by transgenic knock-in of an AQP4-A25Q mutation. Analyses of the mutant brain tissue using blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, super-resolution imaging and immunogold electron microscopy (IEM) revealed remarkably reduced OAP structures and glial endfeet localization of the AQP4-A25Q mutant protein without effects on its overall mRNA and protein expression. AQP4A25Q/A25Q mice showed better survival and neurological deficit scores (NDSs) when cerebral edema was induced by water intoxication or middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R). The brain water content and swelling of pericapillary astrocytic endfeet processes in AQP4A25Q/A25Q mice were significantly reduced, functionally supporting decreased AQP4 protein expression at the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The infarct volume and neuronal damage were also reduced in AQP4A25Q/A25Q mice in the MCAO/R model. Astrocyte activation in the brain was alleviated in AQP4A25Q/A25Q mice, which may be associated with decreased cell swelling. We conclude that the OAP structure of AQP4 plays a key role in its polarized expression in astrocytic endfeet processes at the BBB. Therefore, our study provided new insights into intervention of cerebral cellular edema caused by stroke and traumatic brain injury through regulating AQP4 OAP formation.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT:Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is characterized by orthogonal arrays of particles (OAPs) comprising the M1 and M23 isoforms in the membrane. Here, an OAP depolymerization male mouse model induced by AQP4-A25Q mutation was firstly established and the functions of OAP depolymerization in cerebral edema has been studied. The results revealed that AQP4 lost its OAP structure without affecting AQP4 mRNA and protein levels in AQP4-A25Q mice. AQP4-A25Q mutation mice has neuroprotective effects on cerebral edema induced by water intoxication and middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion through relieving the activation of astrocytes and suppressed microglia-mediated neuroinflammation. We concluded that the OAP structure of AQP4 plays a key role in its polarized expression in astrocytic endfeet processes at BBB. Therefore, our study provided new insights into intervention of cerebral cellular edema caused by stroke and traumatic brain injury through regulating AQP4 OAP formation.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101984

RESUMO

The detection of molecules from highly diluted solutions with a limited amount is vital for precancer diagnosis, food safety, and forensic analysis. The sensitivity and convenience of detection techniques are the primary concerns. In this study, a hybrid superhydrophobic/-philic (SH/SHL) microporous platform is designed and fabricated by a femtosecond laser to improve surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) performances. Relying on the micropores fabricated at the center of SHL patterns, sediments distributed at the central regions are avoided, leading to the further enrichment of the target molecules. The engineered micropores with high identification further improve the speed of Raman tests, and the fabricated SERS substrate shows an advantage in outdoor handheld detection and automated inspection applications. The optimized SERS sensor is sufficient for attomolar-level detection (10-17 M) of rhodamine 6G using analyte volumes of just 5 µL, corresponding to an enhancement factor of 5.19 × 1013. Meanwhile, a relative standard deviation of 7.48% at 10-10 M shows the excellent uniformity of this proposed SERS platform. This work further pushes forward the practical applications of SERS technology in ultratrace molecular detections.

19.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 50(5): 129-137, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36086973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wenyang Pingchuan Formula (WPCF) is an empirical formula for the treatment of acute childhood asthma. However, the "time-effect" relationship of this prescription is not clear. This paper explores the relationship between Janus activated kinase signal transducer and activator of transcriptions (JAK/STAT), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), and microRNA (miR-19a), and also preliminarily determines the best time-effect relationship of WPCF in reducing the airway inflammation in asthmatic mice. METHOD: 80 BALB/c mice were randomly divided into four groups: control (CON) group, model (MDL) group, dexamethasone (DEX) group, and WPCF group. MDL group was established through intraperitoneal injection of 10% ovalbumin (OVA) and Al(OH)3 solution and the inhalation of aerosolized 5% OVA solution. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), real-time PCR and Western blot were conducted to determine the levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-13, interferon-γ (IFN-γ) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), contents of miR-19a mRNA and STAT6, phosphorylated signal transducers and activators of transcription 6 (p-STAT6), p65, phosphorylated p65 (p-p65), suppressors of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1), and tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein-3 (Tnfaip3) proteins after 7 and 28 days of intervention respectively. RESULTS: Significant down-regulation of IL-4 and IL-13 expression (P<0.05) and up-regulation of IFN-γ expression (P<0.05) in BALF have been observed for WPCF group compared with the MDL group. The significant down-regulation of miR-19a mRNA and STAT6, p-STAT6, p65, p-p65 proteins (P<0.05) and up-regulation of SOCS1 and Tnfaip3 proteins (P<0.05) in BALF was also observed for WPCF group compared to the MDL group. During the experiment, the weight of the mice in DEX group significantly decreased (P<0.05) compared with the other groups. CONCLUSIONS: WPCF could restore Th1/Th2 balance. The longer the intervention time, the more effective the treatment. The down-regulation of miR-19a mRNA by activating JAK/STAT and NF-κB signal pathways may be a possible mechanism by which WPCF alleviates airway inflammation.


Assuntos
Asma , MicroRNAs , Animais , Asma/genética , Inflamação , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Interleucina-13 , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , NF-kappa B , Ovalbumina , RNA Mensageiro/genética
20.
Front Public Health ; 10: 917781, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36106164

RESUMO

Purpose: To assess the prevalence of refractive errors (REs) in school children aged 6-18 years in urban and rural settings in Dalian, Northeast of China. Methods: This is a school-based cross-sectional survey using multi-stage randomization technique. Six- to eighteen-year-old school children from elementary schools, junior and senior high schools from a rural area and an urban area in Dalian were included in December 2018. All subjects underwent a comprehensive questionnaire and eye examination. Results: A total of 4,522 school children with 6-18 years of age were investigated. The age, gender-adjusted prevalence of myopia, and anisometropia were 82.71 and 7.27% among the urban students as compared to 71.76% and 5.41% among the rural ones (OR = 1.80, 95 % CI = 1.53 - 2.11, P < 0.001; OR = 1.29, 95 % CI = 1.00-1.67, P = 0.049), respectively. The hyperopia was less common in urban students than in rural ones (5.63 vs. 10.21%; OR = 0.54, 95 % CI: 0.43-0.67, P < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference in prevalence of astigmatism between urban (46.07%) and rural (44.69%) participants (OR = 0.96, 95 % CI: 0.84-1.10, P = 0.559). The differences on prevalence of REs were attributed to different social-demographic and physiologic factors. Conclusions: The students from urban settings are more likely to have myopia and anisometropia but less likely to have hyperopia than their rural counterparts. Although considerable attention had been paid to controlling REs, it is necessary to further consider the urban-rural differences in REs.


Assuntos
Anisometropia , Hiperopia , Miopia , Erros de Refração , Adolescente , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Hiperopia/epidemiologia , Miopia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Erros de Refração/diagnóstico , Erros de Refração/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
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