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1.
J Org Chem ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608633

RESUMO

In search of a new template for anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) agents, we designed and synthesized the 2'-C-methyl-4'-selenopyrimidine and -purine nucleosides and their phosphoramidate prodrugs to replace a furanose oxygen of anti-HCV nucleos(t)ides with a selenium atom on the basis that selenium is a chemical isostere of oxygen. These nucleosides are expected to show different physicochemical properties such as better lipophilicity which might enhance the penetration across cell membranes and the conformational constraint induced by a bulky selenium atom in the sugar ring. The 2'-C-methyl-4'-selenopyrimidine and -purine nucleosides 8 and 9 were synthesized from 2-C-methyl-d-ribono-γ-lactone (14) via construction of 2-C-methyl-d-selenosugar 18 through C-4 epimerization and SN2 cyclization with Se2- as key steps. The key 4'-selenosugar was converted to the 2'-C-methyl-4'-selenopyrimidine and -purine nucleosides using Pummerer-type rearrangement and Vorbrüggen glycosylation, respectively. In addition, the ProTide strategy has been applied to synthesize the adenine and uracil phosphoramidate derivatives 10a and 10b to overcome the limitations associated with parent nucleosides such as inefficient conversion to their corresponding 5'-monophosphate form and poor cellular uptake. The regio- and stereochemistry of 4'-selenonucleosides were confirmed by 2D NOESY NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. None of the final pyrimidine and purine nucleosides and their prodrugs exhibited significant anti-HCV activity up to 100 µM.

2.
Oncogene ; 38(29): 5792-5804, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243299

RESUMO

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are the most abundant cancer stromal cells and play an essential role in tumor immunosuppression, providing a suitable microenvironment for cancer development and progression. However, mechanisms of regulating TAMs infiltration in tumor sites are not fully understood. Here, we show that inactivation of neddylation pathway significantly inhibits infiltration of TAMs, leading to the suppression of lung cancer metastasis. RNA-sequencing analysis revealed that neddylation inactivation suppresses the transactivation of chemotactic cytokine ligand 2 (CCL2). Mechanistically, neddylation inactivation inhibits the activity of Cullin-RING ligases (CRLs) and induces the accumulation of its substrate IκBα to block NF-κB transcriptional activity and CCL2 transactivation. As a result, neddylation inactivation exhibits lower chemotaxis of monocytes, thereby decreasing TAMs infiltration, which can be alleviated by CCL2 addition. Moreover, the expression level of NEDD8 is positively correlated with high CCL2 expression in lung adenocarcinoma, conferring a worse overall patient survival. Together, neddylation pathway promotes CCL2 transactivation and TAMs infiltration in lung cancer to provide a tumor-promoting microenvironment, which validates neddylation pathway as a promising target for anti-TAMs therapeutic strategies.

3.
Arch Pharm Res ; 42(9): 780-789, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041687

RESUMO

Based on the potent anti-HIV activity of L-2',3'-dideoxycytidine (L-ddC), L-2',3'-dideoxy-4'-selenonucleosides (L-4'-Se-ddNs) have been synthesized from natural chiral template, L-glutamic acid, using Pummerer-type condensation as a key step. All synthesized compounds were assayed for anti-HIV-1 activity, but none of them did show any significant antiviral activity up to 100 µM, probably due to conformational differences between L-ddC and L-4'-Se-ddC, induced by the bulky selenium atom, which might play an important role in phosphorylation by cellular kinase.

4.
Cell Biol Toxicol ; 35(3): 233-245, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140025

RESUMO

Metastasis is the leading cause of tumor-related death from lung cancer. However, limited success has been achieved in the treatment of lung cancer metastasis due to the lack of understanding of the mechanisms that underlie the metastatic process. In this study, Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells which expressed green fluorescent protein in the nucleus and red fluorescent protein in the cytoplasm were used to record metastatic process in real-time via a whole-mouse imaging system. Using this system, we show the neddylation inhibitor MLN4924 inhibits multiple steps of the metastatic process, including intravascular survival, extravasation, and formation of metastatic colonies, thus finally suppressing tumor metastasis. Mechanistically, MLN4924 efficiently inhibits the expression of MMP2, MMP9, and vimentin and disrupts the actin cytoskeleton at an early stage to impair invasive potential and subsequently causes a DNA damage response, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis upon long exposure to MLN4924. Furthermore, MMP2 and MMP9 are overexpressed in patient lung adenocarcinoma, which conferred a worse overall survival. Together, targeting the neddylation pathway via MLN4924 suppresses multiple steps of the metastatic process, highlighting the potential therapeutic value of MLN4924 for the treatment of metastatic lung cancer.

5.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(12): 3658-3672, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30833270

RESUMO

PURPOSE: How the neddylation pathway functions in breast tumor and regulation of estrogen receptor (ER) expression is rarely reported. The purpose of this study was to identify the role of neddylation in breast cancer and ER expression, and further explore the underlying mechanisms. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Expression patterns of nedd8-activating enzyme (NAE) and nedd8, two key proteins in the neddylation pathway, were examined in human breast specimens. ER-α expression was investigated using animal 18F-FES-PET/CT and immunoblotting upon NAE inhibitor MLN4924 treatment. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, luciferase reporter promoter assay, and the CRISPR-Cas9 system were used to elucidate the mechanism of ER-α regulation by MLN4924. The ER-positive breast cancer mouse model was used to determine the synergetic effect of MLN4924 and fulvestrant on tumor growth. All statistical tests were two-sided. RESULTS: Both NAE1 and nedd8 expressions were higher in the ER-positive subgroup. Higher expressions of NAE1 and nedd8 indicated poorer prognosis. Importantly, ER-α expression was significantly downregulated upon MLN4924 treatment in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, MLN4924 treatment delayed serum and glucocorticoid-induced protein kinase (SGK) degradation and induced Forkhead box O3a (FOXO3a) nuclear export as well as decreased binding to the ESR1 promoter. Importantly, MLN4924 single or synergized with fulvestrant significantly suppressed the growth of ER-positive breast cancer in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our proof-of-principle study determines the activation of neddylation in breast tumor tissues for the first time and reveals a new ER-α regulatory mechanism, as well as further explores an effective approach to improve fulvestrant sensitivity through a neddylation inactivation combination.

6.
Cell Prolif ; : e12536, 2018 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30341788

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to reveal expression status of the neddylation enzymes in HNSCC and to elucidate the anticancer efficacy and the underlying mechanisms of inhibiting neddylation pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression levels of neddylation enzymes were estimated by Western blotting in human HNSCC specimens and bioinformatics analysis of the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) database. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by Annexin V fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide (Annexin V-FITC/PI) stain and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). Small interfering RNA (siRNA) and the CRISPR-Cas9 system were used to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanism of MLN4924-induced HNSCC apoptosis. RESULTS: Expression levels of NAE1 and UBC12 were prominently higher in HNSCC tissues than that in normal tissues. Inactivation of the neddylation pathway significantly inhibited malignant phenotypes of HNSCC cells. Mechanistic studies revealed that MLN4924 induced the accumulation of CRL ligase substrate c-Myc that transcriptionally activated pro-apoptotic protein Noxa, which triggered apoptosis in HNSCC. CONCLUSIONS: These findings determined the over-expression levels of neddylation enzymes in HNSCC and revealed novel mechanisms underlying neddylation inhibition induced growth suppression in HNSCC cells, which provided preclinical evidence for further clinical evaluation of neddylation inhibitors (eg, MLN4924) for the treatment of HNSCC.

7.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 158: 84-94, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30292755

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common disease in men over age 50, and its prevalence rate has been gradually increasing since 1980. Taxane-derived anticancer agents are the primary agents used to treat metastatic prostate cancer patients; however, the side effects and acquired drug resistance limit the success of these therapies. Because there is no specific treatment for paclitaxel-resistant prostate cancer, it is necessary to develop new targets and therapeutic strategies to overcome the acquired resistance. In this study, the antitumor activity of a novel selenonucleoside (4'-selenofuranosyl-2,6-dichloropurine, LJ-2618), a third-generation nucleoside, and its plausible mechanisms of action in paclitaxel-resistant prostate cancer (PC-3-Pa) cells were investigated. The established PC-3-Pa cells exhibited over 100-fold resistance against paclitaxel compared to the paclitaxel-sensitive PC-3 cells. LJ-2618, however, effectively inhibited the proliferation of both cell lines with similar IC50 values in vitro. In PC-3-Pa cells, the activated PI3K/Akt signaling pathway was suppressed by LJ-2618 treatment. In addition, Skp2 was found to be over-expressed in paclitaxel-resistant cells, and the transfection of Skp2 siRNA recovered the sensitivity of paclitaxel in PC-3-Pa cells. Furthermore, LJ-2618 significantly down-regulated Skp2 expression in PC-3-Pa cells by promoting degradation and inducing destabilization of Skp2, which triggers G2/M cell cycle arrest. In a xenograft mouse model implanted with PC-3-Pa cells, LJ-2618 (3 or 10 mg/kg) effectively inhibited tumor growth with the enhancement of Skp2 degradation and induction of p27 expression in tumor tissues. These findings suggest that LJ-2618 may have potential for overcoming paclitaxel resistance via promoting Skp2 degradation and stabilizing p27 expression in PC-3-Pa cells. Therefore, the novel selenonucleoside LJ-2618 may lead to the development of a new treatment strategy for patients with paclitaxel-resistant, castration-resistant prostate cancer.

8.
Arch Pharm Res ; 2018 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30264323

RESUMO

Truncated 4'-thionucleosides 1-4 and 4'-oxonucleosides 5-8 as potent and selective A3AR antagonists were synthesized from D-mannose and D-erythronic acid γ-lactone, respectively. These nucleosides were evaluated for their anti-fibrotic renoprotective activity in TGF-ß1-treated murine proximal tubular (mProx) cells. Their antagonistic activities for A3AR were proportional to their inhibitory activities against TGF-ß1-induced collagen I upregulation in mProx cells. This result suggests that the binding affinity of A3AR antagonists is closely correlated with their anti-fibrotic activity. Thus, A3AR antagonists might be novel therapeutic candidates for treating chronic kidney disease.

9.
Eur J Med Chem ; 155: 406-417, 2018 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29906687

RESUMO

Based on the potent anticancer activity of 6'-fluorocyclopentenyl-cytosine 2b in phase IIa clinical trials for the treatment of gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic cancer, we carried out a systematic structure-activity relationship study of 6'-fluorocyclopentenyl-pyrimidines 3a-i and -purines 3j-o to discover novel anticancer agents. We also synthesized the phosphoramidate prodrug 3p of adenine derivative 1b to determine if the anticancer activity depended on the inhibition of DNA and/or RNA polymerase in cancer cells and/or on the inhibition of S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) hydrolase. All of the synthesized pyrimidine nucleosides exhibited much less potent anticancer activity in vitro than the cytosine derivative 2b, acting as RNA and/or DNA polymerase inhibitor, indicating that they could not be efficiently converted to their triphosphates for anticancer activity. Among all the synthesized purine nucleosides, adenine derivative 1b and N6-methyladenine derivative 3k showed potent anticancer activity, showing equipotent inhibitory activity as the positive control, neplanocin A (1a) or Ara-C. However, the phosphoramidate prodrug 3p showed less anticancer activity than 1b, indicating that it did not act as a RNA and/or DNA polymerase inhibitor like 2b. This result also demonstrates that the anticancer activity of 1b largely depends on the inhibition of histone methyltransferase, resulting from strong inhibition of SAH hydrolase. The deamination of the N6-amino group, the addition of the bulky alkyl group at the N6-amino group, or the introduction of the amino group at the C2 position almost abolished the anticancer activity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/farmacologia , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Purinas/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclopentanos/síntese química , Ciclopentanos/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/síntese química , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/química , Estrutura Molecular , Pró-Fármacos/síntese química , Pró-Fármacos/química , Purinas/síntese química , Purinas/química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
10.
BMB Rep ; 51(10): 520-525, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29936931

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases arising from atherosclerosis are the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Lipid-lowering agents have been developed in order to treat hypercholesterolemia, a major risk factor for atherosclerosis. However, the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases is increasing, indicating a need to identify novel therapeutic targets and develop new treatment agents. Adenosine receptors (ARs) are emerging as therapeutic targets in asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, ischemia, and inflammatory diseases. This study assessed whether LJ-1888, a selective antagonist for A3 AR, can inhibit the development of atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E knock-out (ApoE-/-) mice who are fed a western diet. Plaque formation was significantly lower in ApoE-/- mice administered LJ-1888 than in mice not administered LJ-1888, without any associated liver damage. LJ-1888 treatment of ApoE-/- mice prevented western diet-induced hypercholesterolemia by markedly reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and significantly increasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations. Reduced hypercholesterolemia in ApoE-/- mice administered LJ-1888 was associated with the enhanced expression of genes involved in bile acid biosynthesis. These findings indicate that LJ-1888, a selective antagonist for A3 AR, may be a novel candidate for the treatment of atherosclerosis and hypercholesterolemia. [BMB Reports 2018; 51(10): 521-526].

11.
J Med Chem ; 61(11): 4860-4882, 2018 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29767967

RESUMO

The P2Y14 receptor (P2Y14R) mediates inflammatory activity by activating neutrophil motility, but few classes of antagonists are known. We have explored the structure-activity relationship of a 3-(4-phenyl-1 H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)-5-(aryl)benzoic acid antagonist scaffold, assisted by docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation at a P2Y14R homology model. A computational pipeline using the High Throughput MD Python environment guided the analogue design. Selection of candidates was based upon ligand-protein shape and complementarity and the persistence of ligand-protein interactions over time. Predictions of a favorable substitution of a 5-phenyl group with thiophene and an insertion of a three-methylene spacer between the 5-aromatic and alkyl amino moieties were largely consistent with empirical results. The substitution of a key carboxylate group on the core phenyl ring with tetrazole or truncation of the 5-aryl group reduced affinity. The most potent antagonists, using a fluorescent assay, were a primary 3-aminopropyl congener 20 (MRS4458) and phenyl p-carboxamide 30 (MRS4478).

12.
Medchemcomm ; 8(8): 1659-1667, 2017 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29250307

RESUMO

A pyrazolo[4,3-e][1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyrimidin-5-amine antagonist of the A2A adenosine receptor (AR) was functionalized as amine congeners, fluorescent conjugates and a sulfonate, and the A2AAR binding modes were predicted computationally. The optimal n-butyl spacer was incorporated into the following A2AAR-selective (Ki, nM) conjugates: BODIPY630/650 derivative 11 (MRS7396, 24.6) and AlexaFluor488 derivative 12 (MRS7416, 30.3). Flow cytometry of 12 in hA2AAR-expressing HEK-293 cells displayed saturable binding (low nonspecific) and inhibition by known A2AAR antagonists. Water-soluble sulfonate 13 was a highly potent (Ki = 6.2 nM) and selective A2AAR antagonist based on binding and functional assays. Docking and molecular dynamics simulations predicted the regions of interaction of the distal portions of these chain-extended ligands with the A2AAR. The BODIPY630/650 fluorophore of 11 was buried in a hydrophobic interhelical (TM1/TM7) region, while AlexaFluor488 of 12 associated with the hydrophilic extracellular loops. In conclusion, we have identified novel high affinity antagonist probes for A2AAR drug discovery and characterization.

13.
J Med Chem ; 60(17): 7459-7475, 2017 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28799755

RESUMO

A3 adenosine receptor (AR) ligands including A3 AR agonist, N6-(3-iodobenzyl)adenosine-5'-N-methyluronamide (1a, IB-MECA) were examined for adiponectin production in human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs). In this model, 1a significantly increased adiponectin production, which is associated with improved insulin sensitivity. However, A3 AR antagonists also promoted adiponectin production in hBM-MSCs, indicating that the A3 AR pathway may not be directly involved in the adiponectin promoting activity. In a target deconvolution study, their adiponectin-promoting activity was significantly correlated to their binding activity to both peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) γ and PPARδ. They functioned as both PPARγ partial agonists and PPARδ antagonists. In the diabetic mouse model, 1a and its structural analogues A3 AR antagonists significantly decreased the serum levels of glucose and triglyceride, supporting their antidiabetic potential. These findings indicate that the polypharmacophore of these compounds may provide therapeutic insight into their multipotent efficacy against various human diseases.


Assuntos
Agonistas do Receptor A3 de Adenosina/uso terapêutico , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , PPAR delta/antagonistas & inibidores , PPAR gama/agonistas , Adenosina/química , Adenosina/farmacologia , Adenosina/uso terapêutico , Agonistas do Receptor A3 de Adenosina/química , Agonistas do Receptor A3 de Adenosina/farmacologia , Antagonistas do Receptor A3 de Adenosina/química , Antagonistas do Receptor A3 de Adenosina/farmacologia , Antagonistas do Receptor A3 de Adenosina/uso terapêutico , Adiponectina/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Resistência à Insulina , Ligantes , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , PPAR delta/metabolismo , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Polifarmacologia , Receptor A3 de Adenosina/metabolismo
14.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 490(4): 1183-1188, 2017 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28669728

RESUMO

Inhibition of protein neddylation pathway has emerged an attractive anticancer strategy in preclinical studies by using Nedd8-activating enzyme (NAE) inhibitor MLN4924 (Pevonedistat). Previous studies have reported the antitumor activity of MLN4924 mediated by its efficacy on apoptosis, autophagy and senescence. However, whether MLN4924 has any effect on renal carcinoma cells (RCC) remains unexplored. Here we reported that MLN4924 specifically inhibited protein neddylation pathway, leading to statistically significantly suppress the proliferation, survival and migration of RCC cells by inducing G2 cell-cycle arrest, followed by apoptosis in a MLN4924 dose-dependent manner. Further mechanistic study revealed that MLN4924-induced apoptosis was mediated by substantial up-regulation of pro-apoptotic NOXA. These findings highlighted the anticancer effects of the neddylation inhibitors (e.g. MLN4924) for the treatment of RCC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
15.
Arch Pharm Res ; 40(8): 952-961, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28756559

RESUMO

LJ-2698, a highly potent human A3 adenosine receptor antagonist with nucleoside structure, was designed to have a minimal species dependence. For further pre-clinical studies, analytical method for the detection of LJ-2698 in rat plasma was developed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass. Plasma samples were processed by protein precipitation method with acetonitrile, using losartan as the internal standard (IS). Chromatographic separation was carried out using a Kinetex C18 column (100 × 4.6 mm; 100 Å; 2.6 µ) with acetonitrile/water with 0.2% (v/v) formic acid (65:35, v/v) in the isocratic mode at a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. Mass spectrometric detection in multiple reaction monitoring mode was performed with positive electrospray ionization. The mass transitions of LJ-2698 and IS were m/z 412.3 â†’ 294.1 and m/z 423.1 â†’ 207.2, respectively. The calibration curves were linear in the range 5.00-5000 ng/mL (r 2 ≥ 0.998). The lower limit of quantification was established as 5.00 ng/mL. Within- and between-run precisions were <7.01%, as relative standard deviation; and accuracies were in the range 3.37-3.64%, as relative error. The validated method was successfully applied to its pharmacokinetic evaluation after intravenous and oral administration in rats, and the dose-dependent pharmacokinetic behavior of LJ-2698 was elucidated for the first time.


Assuntos
Antagonistas do Receptor A3 de Adenosina/farmacocinética , Tionucleosídeos/farmacocinética , Antagonistas do Receptor A3 de Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Administração Intravenosa , Administração Oral , Animais , Calibragem , Cromatografia Líquida , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Limite de Detecção , Masculino , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Tionucleosídeos/administração & dosagem
16.
Molecules ; 22(7)2017 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28704950

RESUMO

A series of acyclic selenopurine nucleosides 3a-f and 4a-g were synthesized based on the bioisosteric rationale between oxygen and selenium, and then evaluated for antiviral activity. Among the compounds tested, seleno-acyclovir (4a) exhibited the most potent anti-herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 (EC50 = 1.47 µM) and HSV-2 (EC50 = 6.34 µM) activities without cytotoxicity up to 100 µM, while 2,6-diaminopurine derivatives 4e-g exhibited significant anti-human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) activity, which is slightly more potent than the guanine derivative 4d, indicating that they might act as prodrugs of seleno-ganciclovir (4d).


Assuntos
Antivirais/síntese química , Nucleosídeos/síntese química , Compostos Organosselênicos/síntese química , Purinas/síntese química , 2-Aminopurina/análogos & derivados , 2-Aminopurina/síntese química , 2-Aminopurina/farmacologia , Aciclovir/análogos & derivados , Aciclovir/síntese química , Aciclovir/farmacologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Citomegalovirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Guanina/análogos & derivados , Guanina/síntese química , Guanina/farmacologia , Herpesvirus Humano 1/efeitos dos fármacos , Herpesvirus Humano 2/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Nucleosídeos/farmacologia , Compostos Organosselênicos/farmacologia , Pró-Fármacos/síntese química , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Purinas/farmacologia , Simplexvirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
J Med Chem ; 60(8): 3422-3437, 2017 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28380296

RESUMO

Potent and selective A3 adenosine receptor (AR) agonists were identified by the replacement of 4'-oxo- or 4'-thionucleosides with bioisosteric selenium. Unlike previous agonists, 4'-seleno analogues preferred a glycosidic syn conformation and South sugar puckering, as shown in the X-ray crystal structure of 5'-N-methylcarbamoyl derivative 3p. Among the compounds tested, N6-3-iodobenzyl analogue 3d was found to be the most potent A3AR full agonist (Ki = 0.57 nM), which was ≥800- and 1900-fold selective for A1AR and A2AAR, respectively. In the N6-cycloalkyl series, 2-Cl analogues generally exhibited better hA3AR affinity than 2-H analogues, whereas 2-H > 2-Cl in the N6-3-halobenzyl series. N7 isomers 3t and 3u were much weaker in binding than corresponding N9 isomers, but compound 3t lacked A3AR activation, appearing to be a weak antagonist. 2-Cl-N6-3-iodobenzyl analogue 3p inhibited chemoattractant-induced migration of microglia/monocytes without inducing cell death at ≤50 µM. This suggests the potential for the development of 4'-selenonucleoside A3AR agonists as novel antistroke agents.


Assuntos
Agonistas do Receptor A3 de Adenosina/farmacologia , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Adenosina/farmacologia , Compostos Organosselênicos/química , Adenosina/química , Agonistas do Receptor A3 de Adenosina/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Espectrometria de Massas , Modelos Moleculares , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética
18.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 488(1): 1-5, 2017 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28450112

RESUMO

It has been reported that MLN4924 can inhibit cell growth and metastasis in various kinds of cancer. We have reported that MLN4924 is able to inhibit angiogenesis through the induction of cell apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo models. Moreover, Neddylation inhibition using MLN4924 triggered the accumulation of pro-apoptotic protein NOXA in Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). However, the mechanism of MLN4924-induced NOXA up-regulation has not been addressed in HUVECs yet. In this study, we investigated how MLN4924 induced NOXA expression and cellular apoptosis in HUVECs treated with MLN4924 at indicated concentrations. MLN4924-induced apoptosis was evaluated by Annexin V-FITC/PI analysis and expression of genes associated with apoptosis was assessed by Quantitative RT-PCR and western blotting. As a result, MLN4924 triggered NOXA-dependent apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner in HUVECs. Mechanistically, inactivation of Neddylation pathway caused up-regulation of activating transcription factor 4 (ATF-4), a substrate of Cullin-Ring E3 ubiquitin ligases (CRL). NOXA was subsequently transactivated by ATF-4 and further induced apoptosis. More importantly, knockdown of ATF-4 by siRNA significantly decreased NOXA expression and apoptotic induction in HUVECs. In summary, our study reveals a new mechanism underlying MLN4924-induced NOXA accumulation in HUVECs, which may help extend further study of MLN4924 for angiogenesis inhibition treatment.


Assuntos
Fator 4 Ativador da Transcrição/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Ciclopentanos/administração & dosagem , Ciclopentanos/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
19.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 24(16): 3418-28, 2016 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27283788

RESUMO

A series of C8-substituted-4'-thioadenosine analogs 3a-3g, 15, and 17 and their truncated derivatives 4a-4j, 23-25, and 27 have been successfully synthesized from d-ribose and d-mannose, respectively, employing Pummerer type or Vorbrüggen condensation reactions and the functionalization at the C8-position of nucleobase via Stille coupling or nucleophilic aromatic substitution reactions as key steps. All the synthesized compounds were assayed for their HSP90 inhibitory activity, but they were found to be inactive up to 100µM. However, the 8-iodo derivatives 15, 17, and 27 exhibited potent anticancer activity, indicating that different mechanism of action might be involved in their biological activity.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/antagonistas & inibidores , Tionucleosídeos/química , Tionucleosídeos/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Desenho de Drogas , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas de Bombardeamento Rápido de Átomos , Tionucleosídeos/síntese química
20.
Oncotarget ; 7(25): 38380-38391, 2016 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27224919

RESUMO

Salvage radiotherapy (SRT) is the first-line treatment for prostate cancer patients with biochemical recurrence following radical prostatectomy, and new specific radiosensitizers are in urgent need to enhance SRT effect. MLN4924 (also known as Pevonedistat), a specific inhibitor of NEDD8-activating enzyme, has recently entered phase I/II clinical trials in several malignancies. By inhibiting cullin neddylation, MLN4924 inactivates Cullin-RING ligases (CRL), which have been validated as an attractive radiosensitizing target. In our study, we demonstrate that MLN4924 can be used as a potent radiosensitizer in hormone-resistant prostate cancer cells. We found that MLN4924 inhibited cullin neddylation and sensitized prostate cancer cells to irradiation (IR). Mechanistically, MLN4924 enhanced IR-induced G2 cell-cycle arrest, by inducing accumulation of WEE1/p21/p27, three well-known CRL substrates. Importantly, siRNA knockdown of WEE1/p21/p27 partially abrogated MLN4924-induced G2 cell-cycle arrest, indicating a causal role of WEE1/p21/p27 in MLN4924-induced radiosensitization. Further mechanistic studies revealed that induction of DNA damage and apoptosis also contributed to MLN4924 radiosensitization in hormone-resistant prostate cancer cells. Our findings lay the foundation for future application of MLN4924 as a potential radiosensitizer in hormone refractory prostate cancer (HRPC).


Assuntos
Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/radioterapia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Proteína NEDD8/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/enzimologia
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