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BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 335, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454434


BACKGROUND: Although salt plays an important role in maintaining the normal physiological metabolism of the human body, many abnormalities in the liver caused by a high-salt diet, especially with normal pathological results, are not well characterized. METHODS: Eight-week-old female C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into a normal group and a high salt group. These groups were then fed with normal or sodium-rich chow (containing 6% NaCl) for 6 weeks. Liver injury was evaluated, and the influences of a high-salt diet on the liver were analyzed by transcriptome sequencing at the end of week 6. RESULTS: We found that although no liver parenchymal injury could be found after high-salt feeding, many metabolic abnormalities had formed based on transcriptome sequencing results. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses of differentially expressed genes revealed that at least 15 enzymatic activities and the metabolism of multiple substances were affected by a high-salt diet. Moreover, a variety of signaling and metabolic pathways, as well as numerous biological functions, were involved in liver dysfunction due to a high-salt diet. This included some known pathways and many novel ones, such as retinol metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis, and signaling pathways. CONCLUSIONS: A high-salt diet can induce serious abnormal liver metabolic activities in mice at the transcriptional level, although substantial physical damage may not yet be visible. This study, to our knowledge, was the first to reveal the impact of a high-salt diet on the liver at the omics level, and provides theoretical support for potential clinical risk evaluation, pathogenic mechanisms, and drug design for combating liver dysfunction. This study also provides a serious candidate direction for further research on the physiological impacts of high-salt diets.

Cloreto de Sódio , Transcriptoma , Animais , Dieta , Feminino , Fígado/metabolismo , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo
J Transl Int Med ; 9(1): 38-42, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33850800


Objective: This study aims to explore the necessity and safety of digestive endoscopy during the epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019. Methods: A retrospective cohort study method was used to collect patients' data from the endoscopy center of the Civil Aviation General Hospital of China from February 1 to May 31, 2020, as the observation group. The patients' data of endoscopic diagnosis and treatment during the same period in 2019 were used as a control group, to compare the differences in the number of diagnosis and treatment and the detection rate of gastrointestinal diseases in the two groups. At the same time, patients and related staff were followed up for the situation of new infection. Results: During the epidemic, our endoscopy center conducted a total of 1,808 cases of endoscopic operations and 5,903 cases in the control group. The amount of endoscopic work during the epidemic period was 30.63% in the same period last year. During the epidemic, 26 patients underwent endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR)/endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) treatment, 26 patients underwent ERCP, and 18 patients underwent gastrointestinal stent implantation. In the control group, 273 patients underwent EMR/ESD, 17 underwent ERCP, and 16 underwent gastrointestinal stenting. During COVID-19, compared with the same period last year, the detection rates of peptic ulcer, esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, colon cancer, and rectal cancer were significantly higher (χ 2 = 4.482, P = 0.034; χ 2 = 5.223, P = 0.006; χ 2 = 2.329, P = 0.041; χ 2 = 8.755, P = 0.003; and χ 2 = 5.136, P = 0.023). Through telephone follow-up, novel coronavirus nucleic acid detection and blood antibody detection, no patients or medical staff were infected with the novel coronavirus. Conclusion: During COVID-19, the number of digestive endoscopic operations decreased significantly compared with the same period last year, but the detection rate of various diseases of the digestive tract increased significantly. On the basis of strict prevention and control, orderly recovery of endoscopic work is essential.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 640309, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33777850


To characterize the salivary microbiota in patients at different progressive histological stages of gastric carcinogenesis and identify microbial markers for detecting gastric cancer, two hundred and ninety-three patients were grouped into superficial gastritis (SG; n = 101), atrophic gastritis (AG; n = 93), and gastric cancer (GC; n = 99) according to their histology. 16S rRNA gene sequencing was used to access the salivary microbiota profile. A random forest model was constructed to classify gastric histological types based on the salivary microbiota compositions. A distinct salivary microbiota was observed in patients with GC when comparing with SG and AG, which was featured by an enrichment of putative proinflammatory taxa including Corynebacterium and Streptococcus. Among the significantly decreased oral bacteria in GC patients including Haemophilus, Neisseria, Parvimonas, Peptostreptococcus, Porphyromonas, and Prevotella, Haemophilus, and Neisseria are known to reduce nitrite, which may consequently result in an accumulation of carcinogenic N-nitroso compounds. We found that GC can be distinguished accurately from patients with AG and SG (AUC = 0.91) by the random forest model based on the salivary microbiota profiles, and taxa belonging to unclassified Streptophyta and Streptococcus have potential as diagnostic biomarkers for GC. Remarkable changes in the salivary microbiota functions were also detected across three histological types, and the upregulation in the isoleucine and valine is in line with a higher level of these amino acids in the gastric tumor tissues that reported by other independent studies. Conclusively, bacteria in the oral cavity may contribute gastric cancer and become new diagnostic biomarkers for GC, but further evaluation against independent clinical cohorts is required. The potential mechanisms of salivary microbiota in participating the pathogenesis of GC may include an accumulation of proinflammatory bacteria and a decline in those reducing carcinogenic N-nitroso compounds.

Gastrite , Microbiota , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , RNA Ribossômico 16S
Cancer Med ; 6(10): 2222-2233, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28940986


Lentinan is a common biological response modifier. This study was sought to evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant lentinan combined with chemotherapy for advanced cancer. A meta-analysis of published prospective controlled trials investigating the effects of lentinan for kinds of advanced cancer was performed. Sensitivity analysis, inverted funnel plots, and trial sequence analysis were conducted to explore the reliability and stability of results. Seventeen clinical studies were identified containing 1423 patients. Twelve trials included gastrointestinal cancer (GIC), three trials included lung cancer (LC), and two trials included the two cancers. There was a increase in survival rate in 1 year (risk ratios [RR], 1.46, P = 0.001) and overall response rate including both complete and partial response (RR, 1.28, P = 0.005). There was also a reduction in progressive disease (RR, 0.57, P = 0.0005), nonsevere adverse events (RR, 0.88, P = 0.004), and severe adverse events (RR, 0.73, P = 0.007). Similar results were shown in the two subgroups of GIC and LC. Limited trials reported the data of median overall survival and time to treatment failure, and the data were insufficient for quantitative analysis, and no significant difference were found in 2-year survival rate. Adjuvant lentinan used with chemotherapy achieved improvements in 1-year survival rate, response rate, and adverse events in advanced cancer. The effect seemed to be similar irrespective of cancer type. However, its sustained efficacy on survival was still unclear.

Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Lentinano/administração & dosagem , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Viés de Publicação , Análise de Sobrevida , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento