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1.
Chin J Nat Med ; 17(8): 575-584, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472894

RESUMO

3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase (HMGS) is the first committed enzyme in the MVA pathway and involved in the biosynthesis of terpenes in Tripterygium wilfordii. The full-length cDNA and a 515 bp RNAi target fragment of TwHMGS were ligated into the pH7WG2D and pK7GWIWG2D vectors to respectively overexpress and silence, TwHMGS was overexpressed and silenced in T. wilfordii suspension cells using biolistic-gun mediated transformation, which resulted in 2-fold increase and a drop to 70% in the expression level compared to cells with empty vector controls. During TwHMGS overexpression, the expression of TwHMGR, TwDXR and TwTPS7v2 was significantly upregulated to the control. In the RNAi group, the expression of TwHMGR, TwDXS, TwDXR and TwMCT visibly displayed downregulation to the control. The cells with TwHMGS overexpressed produced twice higher than the control value. These results proved that differential expression of TwHMGS determined the production of triptolide in T. wilfordii and laterally caused different trends of relative gene expression in the terpene biosynthetic pathway. Finally, the substrate acetyl-CoA was docked into the active site of TwHMGS, suggesting the key residues including His247, Lys256 and Arg296 undergo electrostatic or H-bond interactions with acetyl-CoA.

2.
Nutrition ; 67-68: 110515, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476571

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Gastrointestinal tract (GIT) lymphoma is associated with a risk for perforation while the patient is receiving chemotherapy. The role of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and bowel rest in preventing perforation is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical outcomes of TPN and bowel rest in patients with GIT lymphoma who were receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: We reviewed all patients with GIT biopsy-proven lymphoma in our institution between 2013 and 2017. Patients were stratified into two groups, with and without TPN and bowel rest during chemotherapy. We identified 158 patients with GIT lymphoma. Of these, 47 (29.7%) received TPN and bowel rest before chemotherapy. Patients who received TPN were younger, more likely to have aggressive lymphoma in the small or large bowel. The primary outcome was to compare the perforation rate between the two groups. Secondary outcome analysis included infection rate and survival. RESULTS: Patients with perforation had significantly poorer survival. Perforation rate was similar between the TPN and the non-TPN groups (8.5% versus 2.7%, P = 0.197). Overall survival was similar between the two groups (P = 0.659). The TPN group had a higher infection rate (odds ratio, 5.32; 95% confidence interval, 1.36-20.8) after adjustment for covariates (age, types of lymphoma, and location of lymphoma). CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated that TPN and bowel rest did not reduce the risk for perforation among patients with GIT lymphoma who were receiving chemotherapy. As the practice of prophylactic TPN and bowel rest was associated with higher infection risk and longer hospitalization, we do not recommend such practice for all patients with GIT lymphoma receiving chemotherapy.

3.
J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol ; 32(6): 291-297, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480980

RESUMO

This study was performed to compare the treatment status between older (≥65 years) and younger adults (18-64 years) with severe mental illness (SMI) and explore factors associated with treatment status in rural China. Persons with SMI were identified in one mental health survey in 2015 in 6 townships of Xinjin County, Chengdu, China. Logistic regressions were conducted to explore factors associated with treatment status. Older adults with SMI, especially major depressive disorder, reported significantly lower rates of treatment than younger group. Older age, longer duration of illness, and poor mental status were risk factors for never-treated status in these patients. Never-treated status (46.3%) and poor treatment status in these older patients are serious issues. Different treatment statuses in these patients had various influencing factors. It is crucial to develop culture-specific, community-based mental health services to improve early identification, diagnosis, treatment, and recovery of older adults with SMI in rural China.

4.
Analyst ; 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482867

RESUMO

Exosome-containing microRNAs (exomiRs) can be employed as potential biomarkers for tumor diagnosis and have drawn much attention in the past few years. However, the separation of exosomes and the detection of exomiRs are still inconvenient or even difficult to implement. Thus, it is important to develop a simple, accurate, and reliable strategy for the separation of exosomes and the biomedical analysis of exomiRs. Herein, a novel exosome-specific tumor diagnosis strategy was constructed by integrating the rapid magnetic exosome-enrichment platform and the Ru(bpy)32+-polymer amplified electrochemiluminescence (ECL) strategy. This strategy realized the rapid and efficient capture of tumor-derived exosomes through a biological-affinity identification platform of the EpCAM antibody. The biomedical analysis of exomiRs achieved a preferable specificity and high sensitivity of 103 particles. Furthermore, we investigated the performance index for clinical blood samples from tumor patients; the results indicated that the exosome-specific tumor diagnosis strategy readily and consistently responded to exomiRs. These results indicated that the exosome-specific tumor diagnosis strategy provided new opportunities for the sensitive and efficient analysis of tumor-derived exomiRs. This strategy greatly simplified the biomedical analysis process and established the non-destructive detection mode of fluid biopsy for tumors.

5.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(5): 4213-4228, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499659

RESUMO

In this study, we investigate the pull-out performance of bolted joints of pultruded fiber reinforced polymer (PFRP) profile specimens with drilled and punched holes, respectively, and investigate the effects of different resin matrices and different fiber directions on the pull-out performance of the bolted joints. The experiment results show that the pull-out performance of the bolted joints in the uni-axial polyurethane-based PFRP is better than that in the uni-axial unsaturated polyester resin-based PFRP. The pull-out capacity of bolted joints on the multi-axial PFRP specimens with drilled holes is better than that of bolted joints in the uni-axial PFRP specimens with drilled holes. The multi-axial fiber can effectively prevent longitudinal splitting of pultruded profiles and significantly improve their pull-out performance. The punching process has little impact on the pull-out performance of bolted joints in the uni-axial PFRP specimens. However, it greatly undermines the pull-out performance of the bolt hole of the multi-axial PFRP specimens. Finally, using the progressive damage analysis (PDA) model, and combined with the Hashin failure criteria, we establish a model by means of the C3D8R solid elements in ABAQUS to simulate the pull-out mechanical behavior of the bolted joints.

6.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(5): 5672-5686, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499731

RESUMO

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep-related respiratory disease that affects people's health, especially in the elderly. In the traditional PSG-based OSA detection, people's sleep may be disturbed, meanwhile the electrode slices are easily to fall off. In this paper, we study a sleep apnea detection method based on non-contact mattress, which can detect OSA accurately without disturbing sleep. Piezoelectric ceramics sensors are used to capture pressure changes in the chest and abdomen of the human body. Then heart rate and respiratory rate are extracted from impulse waveforms and respiratory waveforms that converted by filtering and processing of the pressure signals. Finally, the Heart Rate Variability (HRV) is obtained by processing the obtained heartbeat signals. The features of the heartbeat interval signal and the respiratory signal are extracted over a fixed length of time, wherein a classification model is used to predict whether sleep apnea will occur during this time interval. Model fusion technology is adopted to improve the detection accuracy of sleep apnea. Results show that the proposed algorithm can be used as an effective method to detect OSA.

7.
Nat Microbiol ; 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501538

RESUMO

Emerging evidence implicates a role of the gut microbiota in colorectal cancer (CRC). Peptostreptococcus anaerobius (P. anaerobius) is an anaerobic bacterium selectively enriched in the faecal and mucosal microbiota from patients with CRC, but its causative role and molecular mechanism in promoting tumorigenesis remain unestablished. We demonstrate that P. anaerobius adheres to the CRC mucosa and accelerates CRC development in ApcMin/+ mice. In vitro assays and transmission electron microscopy revealed that P. anaerobius selectively adheres to CRC cell lines (HT-29 and Caco-2) compared to normal colonic epithelial cells (NCM460). We identified a P. anaerobius surface protein, putative cell wall binding repeat 2 (PCWBR2), which directly interacts with colonic cell lines via α2/ß1 integrin, a receptor frequently overexpressed in human CRC tumours and cell lines. Interaction between PCWBR2 and integrin α2/ß1 induces the activation of the PI3K-Akt pathway in CRC cells via phospho-focal adhesion kinase, leading to increased cell proliferation and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) activation. NF-κB in turn triggers a pro-inflammatory response as indicated by increased levels of cytokines, such as interleukin-10 and interferon-γ in the tumours of P. anaerobius-treated ApcMin/+ mice. Analyses of tumour-infiltrating immune cell populations in P. anaerobius-treated ApcMin/+ mice revealed significant expansion of myeloid-derived suppressor cells, tumour-associated macrophages and granulocytic tumour-associated neutrophils, which are associated with chronic inflammation and tumour progression. Blockade of integrin α2/ß1 by RGDS peptide, small interfering RNA or antibodies all impair P. anaerobius attachment and abolish P. anaerobius-mediated oncogenic response in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, we show that P. anaerobius drives CRC via a PCWBR2-integrin α2/ß1-PI3K-Akt-NF-κB signalling axis and identify the PCWBR2-integrin α2/ß1 axis as a potential therapeutic target for CRC.

8.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-14, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478454

RESUMO

Myotubularin related protein 7 (MTMR7), a key member of the MTMR family, depicts phosphatase activity and is involved in myogenesis and tumor growth. We have previously identified MTMR7 in the proteomic profile of mouse spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) maturation and differentiation, implying that MTMR7 is associated with neonatal testicular development. In this study, to further explore the distribution and function of MTMR7 in mouse testis, we studied the effect of Mtmr7 knockdown on neonatal testicular development by testicular and SSC culture methods. Our results revealed that MTMR7 is exclusively located in early germ cells. Deficiency of MTMR7 by morpholino in neonatal testis caused excessive SSC proliferation, which was attributable to the aberrant PI3K/AKT signaling activation. Altogether, our study demonstrates that MTMR7 maintains SSC homeostasis by inhibiting PI3K/AKT signaling activation.

9.
Transplantation ; 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31449185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reduced-size liver transplantation was invented to overcome the shortage of donor livers; however, it has proven to be more susceptible to ischemia-reperfusion injury. Bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) infusion has been shown to be protective following liver transplantation. Optimization of MSC infusion has been performed, among which hypoxia preconditioning and miRNA modulation have shown promise. MiR-199a inhibition was reported to induce angioneogenesis; however, whether mir-199a inhibition enhances the protective effect of BM-MSCs in liver transplantation remains unknown. In this study, we combined antagomiR-199a with hypoxia-preconditioned MSC infusion to discuss their effect and mechanism in a rat model of reduced-size liver transplantation. METHODS: A reduced-size liver transplantation model was constructed and hypoxia-preconditioned MSCs (H-MSC) were intra-portally injected during operation. AgomiR-199a and antagomir-199a were injected through the caudal vein once a day after liver transplantation. The level of apoptosis and pro-inflammatory cytokines were measured An anti-VEGF antibody was injected to further explore the underlying mechanism. RESULTS: AntagomiR-199a plus H-MSC not only significantly decreased ALT and AST 72 h after LT, but also ameliorated the level of apoptosis and inhibited inflammatory reactions. On the contrary, agomir-199a reduced the protective effect of the H-MSC infusion. In terms of mechanism, the liver protective effect of miR-199a inhibition was abolished by treatment with a VEGF neutralizing antibody. CONCLUSION: AntagomiR-199a enhanced the protective effect of H-MSCs infusion via activation of the Hif-1α/VEGF axis.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402267

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a highly malignant primary tumor in the liver, and the rates of incidence and mortality are rapidly increasing globally. Histone deacetylase 8 (HDAC8) is a transcriptional regulator and is associated with tumorigenesis of several tumor types. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between HDAC8 expression and clinicopathological parameters in ICC patients. METHODS: ICC tissues and corresponding nonmalignant bile duct tissues were obtained from 60 patients. HDAC8 and Ki-67 expression were evaluated by immunohistochemistry staining. HDAC8 expression and the clinicopathological features and prognosis of the patients were analyzed. The mRNA level of HDAC8 in ICC was further analyzed using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). RESULTS: The expression of HDAC8 were lower in ICC tissues (39/60, 65%) than in the corresponding nonmalignant bile duct tissues (54/60, 90%) (P = 0.001). Low HDAC8 expression in ICC was significantly associated with lymph node metastases (47.6% vs. 17.9%, P = 0.015). In addition, the positive cells rate of HDAC8 was statistically and negatively correlated with the Ki-67 index in ICC lesions (r = -0.7660, P < 0.001). Importantly, the overall survival rate and recurrence-free survival rate in ICC patients with low HDAC8 expression were lower than those with high HDAC8 expression (P = 0.008 and P = 0.011, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Decreased HDAC8 expression in ICC is related to poor prognosis, and HDAC8 may be an independent prognostic indicator of ICC patients after curative resection.

11.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1305-1310, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418397

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristic changes of the plasma cytokine profile in Chinese patients with idiopathic multicentric Castleman diseases (iMCD). METHODS: The plasma samples from 22 patients with confirmed diagnosis of iMCD were collected before treatments; Specimens from 17 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, 10 non Hodgkin's lymphoma, and 15 healthy donors were used as control. Seventeen kinds of cytokines were measured by cytokine beads array (CBA) and ELISA respectively. RESULTS: Six cytokines were measured by ELISA. The concentrations of IL-2, IL-6, IL-21 and VEGF were significantly higher in the plasma of iMCD patients than those of the healthy donors (P<0.01) and the level of IL-21 was highest in the iMCD group. There was no significant difference in the levels of IL-1ß and IL-4 between the iMCD and healthy donor groups. Thirteen cytokines were measured by CBA assay, besides IL-6 level was confirmed to be higher in iMCD group than that in healthy controls (P<0.01), IL-12-p70 and IL-33 levels were also higher in iMCD group than those in control group (P<0.05), no significant difference of the rest cytokines was found between iMCD and the control group. CONCLUSION: IL-6 and VEGF has shown to involved in the pathogenesis of iMCD, the results of preliminary study imply the role of IL-2 、IL-21、IL-12-p70 and IL-33 in this rare lymphoproliferative disease. Further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanism of these cytokines, which may shed some light on the identification of novel therapeutic targets against iMCD.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia do Linfonodo Gigante , Citocinas , Humanos , Interleucina-12 , Interleucina-1beta , Plasma
12.
Future Oncol ; 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460788

RESUMO

Aim: To reassess the prognostic performance of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th edition for Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and optimize the categorization of PDAC staging. Patients & methods: A total of 11,858 patients with resected PDAC from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database were retrospectively enrolled by sequential analyses. Results: There was no statistical significance between stage IIA and IIB tumors with hazard ratios of 2.065 and 2.184 (p = 0.620) for stages IIA and IIB, respectively. With the proposed modification, there was a significant difference between the hazard ratios of stages IIIA and IIIB which were 2.481 and 2.715, respectively (p = 0.009). The C-index of modified system was 0.609, slightly higher than AJCC 8th staging system 0.604. Conclusion: We proposed a modified eighth edition of the AJCC staging system by combining stage IIA with IIB and further subclassifying stage III patients in order to lead to better discriminative power.

13.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(7): 2231-2240, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418225

RESUMO

With dendrochronology method, standard and residual chronologies of Pinus massoniana were established at low altitude (260 m), middle altitude (460 m), high altitude (690 m), sunny slope (270 m), and shady slope (265 m). Relationships between the tree-ring width and the climatic factors were quantified using correlation analysis and redundancy analysis (RDA). The optimal multiple regression models for the radial growth of P. massoniana and the climatic factors were established. We analyzed the change rule of radial growth and its relationship with the climatic factors along with the altitude and slope. The results showed that the radial growth of P. massoniana was significantly affected by precipitation and temperature across the altitude gradient and the slope level, respectively. Among the 120 climatic variables, precipitation in December of last year and the extreme minimum temperature in February of current year had the most significant negative effects on the radial growth at different altitudes and slopes, respectively. This study quantitatively described the impacts of climate change on the radial growth of P. massoniana in the subtropical region, and provided a scientific basis for the planting and management of P. massoniana forest in Jiangle Country under the climate warming background.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Pinus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Altitude , Florestas , Temperatura Ambiente , Árvores
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16927, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441878

RESUMO

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a life-threatening medical emergency which needs urgent medical attention. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is common and necessary for patients with CAD. The effect of hypercholesterolemia and diabetes on long-term outcomes in patients with stable CAD receiving PCI is unclear.In this study, patients with stable CAD who underwent PCI were prospectively divided into 4 groups according to the presence or absence of diabetes or hypercholesterolemia. Clinical characteristics, risk factors, medications, angiographic findings, and outcome predictors were analyzed and long-term outcomes compared between groups.Of the 1676 patients studied, those with hypercholesterolemia and diabetes had the highest all-cause mortality rate after PCI (P < .01); those with diabetes only had the highest cardiovascular (CV) mortality (P < .01). However, the 4 groups did not differ in rates of myocardial infarction (MI) or repeated PCI. In Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, patients with diabetes only had the highest rates of all-cause mortality and CV mortality (both P < .001). In the Cox proportional hazard model, patients with both hypercholesterolemia and diabetes had the highest risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 1.70), but groups did not differ in rates of MI, CV mortality, and repeated PCI.With or without hypercholesterolemia, diabetes adversely impacts long-term outcomes in patients receiving PCI. Diabetes mellitus seemed to be a more hazardous outcome predictor than hypercholesterolemia. Hypercholesterolemia and diabetes seemed to have an additive effect on all-cause mortality in patients after receiving PCI.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Hipercolesterolemia/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comorbidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443042

RESUMO

It is well known that CpG island plays an important role in gene methylation. Since CpG island is closely related to human genetic characteristics such as TATA-box, tissue expression specificity and LAUPs (Lineage-associated Underrepresented Permutations), it is important to investigate the sequence specificity of CpG island as well as the potential genetic characteristics related to CpG island to further understand the methylation related regulation mechanism. Therefore, this study develops such an online service website for CpG island related density and LAUPs analysis (CGIDLA, www.combio-lezhang.online/cgidla/index.html), that not only can investigate the relationship among the CpG island density, TATA-box feature and expression breadth of human genes, but also deposit LAUPs of 32 representative species to help molecular biologists investigate the relationship between CpG island and LUAPs. Moreover, CGIDLA provides the source code download service and the related LAUPs counting functions.

16.
J Biol Chem ; 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387948

RESUMO

Autophagy plays multiple roles in host cells challenged with extracellular pathogens. Here, we aimed to explore whether autophagy inhibition could prevent bacterial infections. We first confirmed widely distinct patterns of autophagy responses in host cells infected with Staphylococcus aureus, as compared with Salmonella. Only infection with Staphylococcus produced strong accumulation of lipidated autophagy-related protein LC3B (LC3B-II). Infection with virulent Staphylococcus strains induced formation of p62-positive aggregates, suggestive of accumulated ubiquitinated targets. During Salmonella infection, bacteria remain enclosed by lysosomal-associated membrane protein 2 (LAMP2)-positive lysosomes, whereas virulent Staphylococcus apparently exited from enlarged lysosomes and invaded the cytoplasm. Surprisingly, Staphylococcus appeared to escape from the lysosome without generation of membrane-damage signals as detected by Galectin3 recruitment. In contrast, Salmonella infection produced high levels of lysosomal damage, consistent with a downstream antibacterial xenophagy response. Lastly, we studied the Unc-51-like autophagy-activating kinase 1 (ULK1) regulatory complex, including the essential subunit autophagy-related protein 13 (ATG13). Infection of cells with either Staphylococcus or Salmonella led to recruitment of ATG13 to sites of cytosolic bacterial cells to promote autophagosome formation. Of note, genetic targeting of ATG13 suppressed autophagy and the ability of Staphylococcus to infect and kill host cells. Two different ULK1 inhibitors also prevented Staphylococcus intracellular replication and host cell death. Interestingly, inhibition of the ULK1 pathway had the opposite effect on Salmonella, sensitizing cells to the infection. Our results suggest that ULK1 inhibitors may offer a potential strategy to impede cellular infection by Staphylococcus aureus.

17.
Theranostics ; 9(18): 5246-5260, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410213

RESUMO

Background: The pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a multistep process contributed by the accumulation of molecular alterations. We identified Apelin (APLN) as an outlier gene up-regulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) through RNA-Seq and microarray analysis. We aimed to investigate its function, mechanism of action and clinical implication in HCC. Methods: Gene expression and clinical implication of APLN were assessed in multiple human HCC cohorts. Ectopic expression and silencing of APLN were performed to determine its function. The therapeutic potential of APLN and its downstream pathway was investigated using in vitro and in vivo models. Results: APLN overexpression was commonly observed in more than 80% of HCCs and independently predicted poorer survival of patients in three independent HCC cohorts. Apelin up-regulation was mediated by active ß-catenin, which binds to the APLN promoter to induce transcription. Ectopic APLN expression in HCC cells promoted cell proliferation, accelerated G1/S progression and inhibited apoptosis, whilst APLN knockdown exerted opposite effects in vitro and inhibited HCC xenograft growth in mice. Mechanistically, APLN activated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathway via APLN receptor, leading to increased expression of phospho-glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (p-GSK3ß) and cyclin D1. Pharmacological targeting of APLN by ML221 was safe and effective in inhibiting APLN-PI3K/Akt cascade and HCC growth in vitro and in vivo. Conclusions: Our findings unraveled an oncogenic role of APLN in HCC, and that targeting of APLN might be a promising for HCC treatment. APLN may serve as an independent prognostic factor for HCC patients.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The gram-negative bacteria secreted endotoxin, Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), plays important roles in the formation and recurrence of hepatolithiasis and chronic biliary inflammation in patients of Southeast Asia. We aimed to elucidate the anti-inflammatory effect and mechanism of local antibiotics irrigation on chronic proliferative cholangitis (CPC) and hepatolithiasis. METHODS: Escherichia coli was injected into rabbit bile ducts to induce CPC. Rabbits were divided into sham operation (SO), povidone-iodine, Metronidazole plus chlorhexidine, ofloxacin, furacillin, Neosporin® G.U., and CPC groups. Local irrigation was performed for 28 days after CPC was established. Residual E. coli and LPS, and the expression of MCP-1, CD14, COX-2, VEGF, IL-6, NF-κB, TNF-α, Fas, TGF-ß1, α-SMA, Collagen-I, ß-glucuronidase, PKC, C-myc, and Mucin 5AC were assessed in bile duct tissues. RESULTS: The residual E. coli and LPS, and expression of MCP-1, CD14, COX-2, IL-6, NF-κB, TNF-α, Fas, TGF-ß1, α-SMA, ß-glucuronidase, PKC, C-myc, and Mucin 5AC in the SO, povidone-iodine, Metronidazole plus chlorhexidine, ofloxacin, and Neosporin® G.U. groups were significantly lower than those in the furacillin and CPC groups (P<0.05). VEGF and Collagen-I levels in the SO, povidone-iodine, metronidazole plus chlorhexidine, and ofloxacin groups were significantly lower than those in the furacillin, Neosporin® G.U., and CPC groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: LPS affects the pathophysiology of E. coli caused chronic proliferative cholangitis and hepatolithiasis recurrence. Local antibiotics irrigation could prevent chronic proliferative cholangitis and stones formation by decreasing LPS-induced proinflammatory and profibrotic cytokines release. Povidone iodine, metronidazole plus chlorhexidine, and ofloxacin were more effective than Neosporin® G.U. and furacillin.

19.
Nanoscale ; 11(35): 16690, 2019 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465062

RESUMO

Correction for 'Ionic-liquid-bifunctional wrapping of ultrafine SnO2 nanocrystals into N-doped graphene networks: high pseudocapacitive sodium storage and high-performance sodium-ion full cells' by Yan Yang et al., Nanoscale, 2019, 11, 14616-14624.

20.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(8)2019 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426381

RESUMO

The HOXA gene family is associated with various cancer types. However, the role of HOXA genes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have not been comprehensively studied. We compared the transcriptional expression, survival data, and network analysis of HOXA-associated signaling pathways in patients with AML using the ONCOMINE, GEPIA, LinkedOmics, cBioPortal, and Metascape databases. We observed that HOXA2-10 mRNA expression levels were significantly upregulated in AML and that high HOXA1-10 expression was associated with poor AML patient prognosis. The HOXA genes were altered in ~18% of the AML samples, either in terms of amplification, deep deletion, or elevated mRNA expression. The following pathways were modulated by HOXA gene upregulation: GO:0048706: embryonic skeletal system development; R-HSA-5617472: activation of HOX genes in anterior hindbrain development during early embryogenesis; GO:0060216: definitive hemopoiesis; hsa05202: transcriptional mis-regulation in cancer; and GO:0045638: negative regulation of myeloid cell differentiation, and they were significantly regulated due to alterations affecting the HOXA genes. This study identified HOXA3-10 genes as potential AML therapeutic targets and prognostic markers.

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