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1.
Metabolites ; 12(11)2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355162

RESUMO

Life-history strategies play a critical role in susceptibility to environmental stresses for Scleractinia coral. Metabolomics, which is capable of determining the metabolic responses of biological systems to genetic and environmental changes, is competent for the characterization of species' biological traits. In this study, two coral species (Pocillopora meandrina and Seriatopora hystrix in the South China Sea) with different life-history strategies ("competitive" and "weedy") were targeted, and untargeted mass spectrometry metabolomics combined with molecular networking was applied to characterize their differential metabolic pathways. The results show that lyso-platelet activating factors (lyso-PAFs), diacylglyceryl carboxyhydroxymethylcholine (DGCC), aromatic amino acids, and sulfhydryl compounds were more enriched in P. meandrina, whereas new phospholipids, dehydrated phosphoglycerol dihydroceramide (de-PG DHC), monoacylglycerol (MAG), fatty acids (FA) (C < 18), short peptides, and guanidine compounds were more enriched in S. hystrix. The metabolic pathways involved immune response, energy metabolism, cellular membrane structure regulation, oxidative stress system, secondary metabolite synthesis, etc. While the immune system (lysoPAF) and secondary metabolite synthesis (aromatic amino acids and sulfhydryl compounds) facilitates fast growth and resistance to environmental stressors of P. meandrina, the cell membrane structure (structural lipids), energy storage (storage lipids), oxidative stress system (short peptides), and secondary metabolite synthesis (guanidine compounds) are beneficial to the survival of S. hystrix in harsh conditions. This study contributes to the understanding of the potential molecular traits underlying life-history strategies of different coral species.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 854: 158755, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36108824

RESUMO

Heavy metal pollution is a serious environmental problem in the marine ecosystem. Thereinto, marine transportation activities have gradually become an important source of heavy metals in seawater. However, the lack of studies on the temporal dynamics of seawater heavy metals in marine shipping areas has hindered our understanding of the sources and transport mechanisms of heavy metals in seawater of hectic shipping waters. Therefore, we investigated the interannual resolution variation of heavy metals in Porites lutea skeletons during the past 32 years under the rapid development of the shipping sector near Weizhou Island from the northern South China Sea. Results show that most heavy metal concentrations with higher coefficients of variation (≥100 %) in the Porites coral skeletons were higher than those in the uncontaminated or less anthropogenic waters. The results of principal component analysis and multiple linear regression showed that the interannual variations of Ni, V, Cr, Co, Zn, Cu, Mn, Fe and Mo were mainly impacted by marine oil extraction and oil spills generated by shipping activities, accounting for 51.58 %. The effect of sea surface temperature accounts for 13.44 %, and controls the interannual variations of Ba and Sr. The effect of industrial pollution accounts for 13.27 %, and explains the interannual variations of Cd and Y. The fuel consumption of marine shipping accounted for 8.76 %, explaining the interannual variations of Pb. The total contribution of anthropogenic activities reached 73.61 %. The interannual variation of heavy metals indicates that hectic marine shipping activities are the dominant cause of Ni, V, Pb, Cr, Co, Zn, Cu, Mn, Fe and Mo input to surface seawater around Weizhou Island. This provided valuable data for understanding the temporal dynamics and potential sources of heavy metals in the marine environment by using coral skeletons as a high-resolution recording vehicle.

3.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 414(26): 7635-7646, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059041

RESUMO

Coral bleaching caused by climate change has resulted in large-scale coral reef decline worldwide. However, the knowledge of physiological response mechanisms of scleractinian corals under high-temperature stress is still challenging. Here, untargeted mass spectrometry-based metabolomics combining with Global Natural Product Social Molecular Networking (GNPS) was utilized to investigate the physiological response of the coral species Pavona decussata under thermal stress. A wide variety of metabolites (including lipids, fatty acids, amino acids, peptides, osmolytes) were identified as the potential biomarkers and subjected to metabolic pathway enrichment analysis. We discovered that, in the thermal-stressed P. decussata coral holobiont, (1) numerous metabolites in classes of lipids and amino acids significantly decreased, indicating an enhanced lipid hydrolysis and aminolysis that contributed to up-regulation in gluconeogenesis to meet energy demand for basic survival; (2) pantothenate and panthenol, two essential intermediates in tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, were up-regulated, implying enhanced efficiency in energy production; (3) small peptides (e.g., Glu-Leu and Glu-Glu-Glu-Glu) and lyso-platelet-activating factor (lysoPAF) possibly implicated a strengthened coral immune response; (4) the down-regulation of betaine and trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), known as osmolyte compounds for maintaining holobiont homeostasis, might be the result of disruption of coral holobiont.


Assuntos
Antozoários , Produtos Biológicos , Animais , Branqueamento de Corais , Betaína/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Ácidos Tricarboxílicos , Lipídeos
4.
Chemosphere ; 308(Pt 1): 136295, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064010

RESUMO

Multiple environmental pressures caused by global warming and human activities have aroused widespread concern about PAHs pollution in tropical marine coral reef regions (CRRs). However, the trophodynamics of PAHs in the food webs of the CRRs and the related influence factors have not been reported. This study investigated the occurrence, trophic amplification, and transmission of PAHs in various organisms selecting between at least representative species for each level in CRRs of the South China Sea (SCS); revealed their driving mechanisms; and explored the trophodynamics of PAHs in the food web of the coral reef ecosystem. Results showed that more PAHs can be accumulated in the mantle tissue of Tridacnidae, and the proportion of mantle tissue of Tridacnidae increases with the increase of latitude (y = 0.01x + 0.17, R2 = 0.49, p < 0.05). Latitude drives the differential occurrence level and bioaccumulation of PAHs in tropical marine organisms, and also affects the trophodynamics of PAHs in aquatic ecosystem food webs. PAHs undergo trophic amplification in the food webs of tropical marine ecosystems represented by coral reefs, thus further aggravating the negative environmental impact on coral reef ecosystems. The cancer risk caused by accidental ingestion of PAHs by humans through consumption of seafood in CRRs is very low, but we should be alert to the biomagnification effect of PAHs.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Bioacumulação , China , Recifes de Corais , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Peixes , Cadeia Alimentar , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
5.
Clin Drug Investig ; 42(11): 965-975, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36175609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) are used as adjunctive therapy to lifestyle intervention and metformin treatment in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, as most GLP-1RAs have cardiovascular benefits; however, a number of adverse events (AEs) have been reported in postmarketing surveillance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the AEs associated with GLP-1RA monotherapy and identify important medical event (IME) signals for GLP-1RAs. METHODS: Data from 1 April 2005 to 31 December 2021 from the US FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database were extracted to conduct disproportionality analysis and Bayesian analysis. AEs and IMEs were classified by system organ classes (SOCs) and preferred terms (PTs) according to the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA®). The reporting odds ratio (ROR) and information component (IC) were used to indicate the disproportionality. RESULTS: A total of 71,515 records involving GLP-1RA monotherapy were submitted to the database, of which 16,350 records were GLP-1RA/IME pairs. Significant disproportionality emerged in five SOCs: 'gastrointestinal disorders' (n = 13,104; lower end of the 95% confidence interval (CI) of the IC [IC025] = 1.34), 'investigations' (n = 6889; IC025 = 0.64), 'metabolism and nutrition disorders' (n = 2943; IC025 = 0.44), 'neoplasms benign/malignant' (n = 1989; IC025 = 0.01), and 'hepatobiliary disorders' (n = 1497; IC025 = 0.38). The most common AEs were pancreatitis, nausea, and weight decrease. Unexpected significant AEs were detected, such as ileus, osteomyelitis, renal cell carcinoma, nephrolithiasis, and drug-induced liver injury. CONCLUSION: The majority of AEs have been listed in the prescribing information or reported in previous studies, however we found significant disproportionality in some specific tumor- and liver-related AEs. Clinicians should pay more attention to the newly detected disproportionality that may be triggered by GLP-1RAs, especially in the vulnerable population after long-term use. Considering the limitations of the FAERS database, there is a need for additional pharmacoepidemiological approaches to validate the results of this study.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Neoplasias , Humanos , Teorema de Bayes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor do Peptídeo Semelhante ao Glucagon 1 , Farmacovigilância , Estados Unidos , United States Food and Drug Administration , Bases de Dados Factuais
6.
Environ Pollut ; 314: 120214, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36150619

RESUMO

In this study, the contamination levels and seasonal variation of 22 PFASs were investigated in coastal reef-building corals (n = 68) from the northern South China Sea (SCS) during wet and dry seasons. Perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS) was the predominant PFASs in all coral samples, representing 43% of the total PFAS. Long-chain PFASs, as well as PFAS alternatives, were frequently detected above the MQL (>88%) but showed relatively low concentrations compared to short-chain PFASs in most species and seasons. Seasonal variation of PFAS concentrations were observed in branching corals, indicating that the accumulation of PFASs may be associated with coral morphological structures. Interspecies differences in PFAS levels agree well with different bioaccumulation potentials among coral species. Redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that seasonal factor and coral genus could partly influence PFAS concentrations in coral tissues. In summary, our study firstly reported the occurrence of PFASs in coral communities from the SCS and highlights the necessity for future investigations on more toxicity data for coral communities.


Assuntos
Antozoários , Fluorcarbonetos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Fluorcarbonetos/análise , Estações do Ano , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
7.
Environ Res ; 214(Pt 3): 114060, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35981611

RESUMO

Recent studies have indicated that coral mucus plays an important role in the bioaccumulation of a few organic pollutants by corals, but no relevant studies have been conducted on organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). Previous studies have also indicated that OCPs widely occur in a few coral reef ecosystems and have a negative effect on coral health. Therefore, this study focused on the occurrence and bioaccumulation of a few OCPs, such as dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and p,p'-methoxychlor (MXC), in the coral tissues and mucus as well as in plankton and seawater from a coastal reef ecosystem (Weizhou Island) in the South China Sea. The results indicated that DDTs were the predominant OCPs in seawater and marine biota. Higher concentrations of OCPs in plankton may contribute to the enrichment of OCPs by corals. The significantly higher total OCP concentration (∑8OCPs) found in coral mucus than in coral tissues suggested that coral mucus played an essential role in resisting enrichment of OCPs by coral tissues. This study explored the different functions of coral tissues and mucus in OCP enrichment and biodegradation for the first time, highlighting the need for OCP toxicity experiments from both tissue and mucus perspectives.


Assuntos
Antozoários , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados , Praguicidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Antozoários/metabolismo , China , Recifes de Corais , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/análise , Praguicidas/análise , Plâncton/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
8.
Mol Ecol ; 31(20): 5339-5355, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35976256

RESUMO

As high temperature stress due to climate change threatens tropical corals, cooler areas at relatively high latitudes may be potential refuges. Tolerance to low temperatures is critical in determining whether corals can successfully migrate to higher latitudes. However, the physiological and molecular adaptations that protect corals from low temperature stress are unclear. In this study, scleractinian Porites lutea samples from the tropical Xisha Islands (XS) and subtropical Daya Bay (DY) in the South China Sea were subjected to a reduction in ambient temperature from 26 to 12°C. Differences in physiological changes and gene expression were analysed. P. lutea from both XS and DY exhibited physiological bleaching under low temperature stress, and the Symbiodiniaceae density, Fv/Fm, and chlorophyll-α content were significantly reduced. Symbiosome antioxidative stress and metabolic enzyme activity first increased and then decreased. RNA-seq analysis showed that the host responded to low temperature stress by activating immune, apoptotic, and autophagic pathways and reducing metabolic levels. Nevertheless, Symbiodiniaceae lacked the physiological regulatory capacity to adapt to low temperatures. The lower cold tolerance of XS tropical P. lutea may attribute to lower oxidative stress resistance, lower photosynthetic capacity, worse energy supply, and higher susceptibility to bacterial and viral infections and diseases in XS corals. The difference in cold tolerance may result from genetic differences between the geographic populations and is possibly detrimental to the migration of tropical coral to relatively high latitude refuges. This study provides a theoretical basis for anthropogenically assisted coral migration as a response to global change.


Assuntos
Antozoários , Dinoflagelados , Animais , Antozoários/fisiologia , Clorofila , Temperatura Baixa , Recifes de Corais
9.
Front Oncol ; 12: 901797, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785180

RESUMO

Background: Relapsed/refractory (r/r) primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is an intractable situation without sound treatment. Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) represents an attractive drug target in PCNSL. Orelabrutinib is a new-generation BTK inhibitor with high cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentration. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of orelabrutinib-containing combination therapy in patients with r/r PCNSL. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed r/r PCNSL patients who received combination therapy with rituximab, high-dose methotrexate, temozolomide, orelabrutinib and lenalidomide, and further explored the relationship between the efficacy and genetic characteristics. Results: A total of fifteen patients were included in this retrospective study. The overall response rate (ORR) was 86.7%, the complete remission (CR) rate was 73.3% and the disease control rate (DCR) was 93.3%. Among 13 responders, 9 patients are still receiving oral orelabrutinib and lenalidomide. The most common adverse event (AEs) was transaminase increase (66.7%). No grade 4 AE or drug-related death was reported. Genomic sequencing showed that patients who responded to orelabrutinib had abnormal NF-κB activation, while those who had no response were mainly enriched with transcriptional misregulation. Patients who had mutations in TLR, BCR, or NF-κB pathway achieved complete or partial response to the orelabrutinib-containing therapy. Moreover, the blood and cerebrospinal fluid circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) were closely associated with tumor recurrence and treatment response and sustained tumor responses correlated with the clearance of ctDNA. Conclusion: Orelabrutinib-containing regimen was effective and well-tolerated in patients with r/r PCNSL. Genome sequencing of tumor samples could help to screen patients who may respond to the orelabrutinib-containing regimen, and liquid biopsy may contribute to tracing tumor burden and monitoring treatment response.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35900625

RESUMO

High-latitude coral communities have attracted much attention due to their potential as refuges during global climate change. However, this function is being constrained by the combined pressure of global climate and anthropogenic activities. To determine how the reef has developed, we conducted a long-term monitoring study on coral communities along the Bailong Peninsula in the northern South China Sea. The results showed that the distribution area of corals was 3.67 km2 and that corals extended about 4.7 km along the coastline. The coral distribution pattern is scattered and uneven. Our results showed that the growth of reef-building corals and coral recruitment are improving, indicating that coral recruitment plays an important role in regulating the structure of adult coral populations and promoting the development of coral communities. Bailong Peninsula is expected to become a refuge for corals provided that human activities impacting coral restoration potential are controlled.

11.
Sci Total Environ ; 847: 157442, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35901874

RESUMO

The behavior and fate of PAHs are affected by multiple meteorological factors, but the main factors driving PAHs in tropical mariculture areas are still not clearly understood. This study continuously monitored PAHs in a few tropical land-based mariculture ponds, discussed their dynamic change trend, migration among the multiple media, and the relevant affected factors. Results indicated that PAHs were widely distributed in these environmental media, and the PAHs' concentration showed an obvious attenuation trend in the mariculture cycle. Wet deposition brought overwhelming majority atmospheric PAHs (92 % ± 5.7 %) to the aqueous system, and >72 % of these PAHs came from oil combustion-related sources and biomass combustion. Compared with the natural sea areas in the same region, mariculture ponds sediment could be changed from a sink at the early stage to a secondary release source of PAHs at the late stage of the rainy season, which intensifies the bioaccumulation of PAHs and the risk of edible carcinogenesis of aquatic products. Our research revealed that rainfall drove the occurrence and environmental behavior of PAHs in the tropical mariculture areas, while land-based mariculture ponds ecosystem affected the regional environmental fate of PAHs and weakened their transmission to the marine environment from land.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Sedimentos Geológicos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Lagoas , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
12.
J Hazard Mater ; 436: 129214, 2022 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739736

RESUMO

As emerging pollutants, the environmental geochemistry of organophosphate esters (OPEs) in the coastal zone with multiple functional areas are still less recognized. This study investigated spatiotemporal distribution, sources and risks of 11 widely used OPEs in surface waters from seagoing rivers and multiple coastal functional areas of the Beibu Gulf. The results indicated that significantly higher ∑11OPEs (total concentrations of 11 OPEs, ng/L) occurred in summer (34.2-1227) than in winter (20.6-840), as a result of the high emission caused by climate reasons. In general, higher ∑11OPEs occurred in rivers (41.2-1227) than in the coast (34.2-809) in summer, especially in the urban rivers, while in winter, higher ∑11OPEs occurred in the coast (23.4-840 vs 20.6-319 in rivers) because of obviously higher ∑11OPEs in marine fishery areas (99-840). Source identification revealed that fishery activity, especially fishing vessels, and urban rivers were the main sources of OPEs in the Beibu Gulf. For the individual OPE, only tri-n-butyl phosphate (TNBP) may have ecological risks to aquatic organisms in a few sites, but if considering the additive effects, the OPEs mixtures would pose a high risk to algae and low to medium threats to crustaceans and fish.


Assuntos
Retardadores de Chama , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , China , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Ésteres , Pesqueiros , Retardadores de Chama/análise , Organofosfatos , Medição de Risco , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
14.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 115(7): 933-941, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35639297

RESUMO

Thermal stress is considered one of the main causes of mass scleractinian coral degradation; however, it is still unknown how corals can adapt to future global warming. In this study, 11 strains of coral-associated Flavobacteria were shown to produce zeaxanthin, a carotenoid antioxidant, which may help coral holobionts to alleviate thermal stress. In addition, a novel zeaxanthin-producing Flavobacterium, designated R38T, was identified using polyphasic taxonomy. Although strain R38T shared a maximum 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 93% with Mesoflavibacter aestuarii KYW614T, phylogenetic analyses based on whole genome and 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain R38T forms a distinct branch in a robust cluster composed of strain R38T and Leptobacterium flavescens KCTC 22160T under the family Flavobacteriaceae. Strain R38T exhibited average nucleotide identities of 70.2% and 72.5% for M. aestuarii KYW614T and L. flavescens KCTC 22160T, respectively. The only detected respiratory quinone was menaquinone 6 (MK-6). The genomic DNA G + C content was 33.2 mol%. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified ninhydrin phospholipid, three unidentified ninhydrin-positive lipids, and three unidentified lipids. The major cellular fatty acids were iso - C15: 0, iso - C15: 0 ω6c, C16:2 DMA, and C13:1 ω3c. The distinct biochemical, chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic, and phylogenomic differences from validly published taxa suggest that strain R38T represents a new species of a new genus, for which Prasinibacter corallicola gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain R38T (= MCCC 1K03889T = KCTC 72444T).


Assuntos
Antozoários , Animais , Antozoários/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ninidrina , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química , Zeaxantinas
15.
RSC Adv ; 12(16): 10088-10096, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35424923

RESUMO

Many studies have reported that hydroxyl radical (HO˙) driven advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) could degrade fluoroquinolones (FQs) antibiotics effectively. Compared with HO˙, sulfate radical (SO4˙-) shows a similar oxidation capacity but a longer half-life. SO4˙- could cause chain reactions and resulted in the generation of halogen radicals and carbonate radicals from the main anions in sea water including Cl-, Br- and HCO3 -. However, few studies were focused on the degradation of FQs in marine aquaculture water and seawater, as well as the bioaccumulation of transformation products. As a typical member of FQs, flumequine (FLU) was degraded by UV/peroxodisulfate (PDS) AOPs in synthetic fresh water, marine aquaculture water and seawater. The reaction rate constants in the three water samples were 0.0348 min-1, 0.0179 min-1 and 0.0098 min-1, respectively. The reason was attributed to the inhibition of the anions as they could consume SO4˙- and initiate the quenching reaction of free radicals. When the pH value increased from 5 to 9, the reaction rate decreased from 0.0197 min-1 to 0.0066 min-1. The energy difference between HOMO and LUMO of FLU was calculated to be 8.07 eV indicating that FLU was a stable compound. The atoms on quinolone ring of FLU with high negative charge would be more vulnerable to attack by free radicals through electrophilic reactions. Two possible degradation pathways of FLU were inferred according to the degradation products. Preliminary bioaccumulation analysis of transformation products by the EPI suite software proved that the values of log K ow and log BCF of the final product P100 were less than those of FLU and the intermediates.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35258733

RESUMO

The coastal zone is a crucial transitional area between land and ocean, which is facing enormous pressure due to global climate change and anthropogenic activities. It is essential to pay close attention to the pollution caused by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the coastal environment and their effect on human health. The pollution status of PAHs was investigated in the Beibu Gulf, taking into consideration various environmental media. The results showed that the total concentration of 16 PAHs (Σ16PAHs) was significantly higher in winter than in summer. Compared to the coastal area, the status of PAHs in the estuarine areas was found to be more severe in summer, while the regional difference was insignificant in winter. In summer, the Σ16PAHs in estuarine waters (71.4 ± 9.58 ng/L) > coastal waters (50.4 ± 9.65 ng/L); estuarine sediment (146 ± 116 ng/g) > coastal zone (76.9 ± 108 ng/g). The source apportionment indicated that spilled oil, biomass, and coal burning were the primary sources of PAHs in the water. The predominant sources of pollution in the sediments were spilled oil, fossil fuel burning, and vehicle emissions. With regard to the status of PAHs in marine organisms in the coastal area of the Beibu Gulf, the highest average concentration of PAHs was indicated in shellfishes (183 ± 165 ng/g), followed by fishes (73.7 ± 57.2 ng/g), shrimps (42.7 ± 19.2 ng/g), and crabs (42.7 ± 19.2 ng/g) in Beibu Gulf coastal area. The calculated bioaccumulation factor indicates a low bioaccumulation capacity of PAHs in various seafood considering the ambient environment. The human health risk assessment considering multiple age groups indicates minimal health risk on accidental ingestion of PAHs through seafood. However, it is suggested that the intake of shellfish in children be controlled.

17.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 176: 113476, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35240458

RESUMO

Historical 90Sr activity in seawater was established in the China seas from 1963 to 2018. Based on the exponential decrease in 90Sr activity in seawater, the effective half-life (EHL) of 90Sr was quantified to be 11.5 ± 1.6 a, 16.5 ± 2.4 a, 27.2 ± 6.2 a, and 26.7 ± 4.3 a in the Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, and South China Sea, respectively. We found contrasting patterns in the EHL of 90Sr and 137Cs in the marginal seas and open oceans that were closely related to the subtly different pathways of 90Sr and 137Cs in marine environment. Additionally, we demonstrated that Fukushima-derived 90Sr (<0.01 Bq/m3) would be difficult to identify in the China seas. Our study not only provided the key parameter of the EHL in marine models for predicting the 90Sr activity in the China seas in the post-Fukushima era but also enhanced our understanding of 90Sr behavior and its fate in marine environments.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Monitoramento de Radiação , Poluentes Radioativos da Água , China , Oceanos e Mares , Água do Mar , Radioisótopos de Estrôncio , Poluentes Radioativos da Água/análise
18.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(2): 397-404, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35229513

RESUMO

Given its high root regeneration ability and adaptation capacity, Spartina alterniflora would predominate the resource competition with other plant species. As an invasive alien species, it has caused serious damages to the coastal ecosystem of China. We explored the impacts of S. alterniflora invasion on the growth and expansion of mangroves around the coastal zones around Guangxi Shankou Mangrove National Nature Reserve (GSMNNR). The area of S. alterniflora and mangroves in the GSMNNR was analyzed based on a sequence of Landsat satellite multispectral images collected during 1995 to 2019. The results showed that S. alterniflora predominated in the competition with mangroves without human intervention. The area of S. alterniflora decreased under the conditions of cutting, rooting and other management measures, while the average annual growth rate of mangrove area correspondingly increased. It indicated that the invasion of S. alterniflora would inhibit the growth and expansion of mangroves. The S. alterniflora management measures, such as mowing and rooting, could weaken the negative impacts of S. alterniflora on mangroves. Mangroves could thus be effectively protected. This study could provide quantitative scientific data for S. alterniflora management and the protection of the mangrove ecosystem in the GSMNNR, and thus be a valuable reference to the prevention on a larger scale of S. alterniflora and the formulation of further protective measures for mangroves.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Áreas Alagadas , China , Espécies Introduzidas , Poaceae
19.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 778535, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35173698

RESUMO

Members of the phylum Acidobacteria are ubiquitous in various environments. Soil acidobacteria have been reported to present a variety of strategies for their success in terrestrial environments. However, owing to lack of pure culture, information on animal-associated acidobacteria are limited, except for those obtained from 16S rRNA genes. To date, only two acidobacteria have been isolated from animals, namely strain M133T obtained from coral Porites lutea and Acanthopleuribacter pedis KCTC 12899T isolated from chiton. Genomics and physiological characteristics of strain M133T and A. pedis KCTC 12899T were compared with 19 other isolates (one strain from each genus) in the phylum Acidobacteria. The results revealed that strain M133T represents a new species in a new genus in the family Acanthopleuribacteraceae. To date, these two Acanthopleuribacteraceae isolates have the largest genomes (10.85-11.79 Mb) in the phylum Acidobacteria. Horizontal gene transfer and gene duplication influenced the structure and plasticity of these large genomes. Dissimilatory nitrate reduction and abundant secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters (including eicosapentaenoic acid de novo biosynthesis) are two distinct features of the Acanthopleuribacteraceae bacteria in the phylum Acidobacteria. The absence of glycoside hydrolases involved in plant polysaccharide degradation and presence of animal disease-related peptidases indicate that these bacteria have evolved to adapt to the animal hosts. In addition to low- and high-affinity respiratory oxygen reductases, enzymes for nitrate to nitrogen, and sulfhydrogenase were also detected in strain M133T, suggesting the capacity and flexibility to grow in aerobic and anaerobic environments. This study highlighted the differences in genome structure, carbohydrate and protein utilization, respiration, and secondary metabolism between animal-associated acidobacteria and other acidobacteria, especially the soil acidobacteria, displaying flexibility and versatility of the animal-associated acidobacteria in environmental adaption.

20.
Environ Pollut ; 300: 118957, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35124123

RESUMO

Per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have attracted extensive attention since this century due to their wide distribution, persistence, bioaccumulation/biomagnification potential, and (eco)toxicity. In the present study, we investigated the sorption kinetics, sorption isotherms and desorption behaviors of legacy and emerging PFASs with different chain lengths and functional end groups onto marine sediments at four different salinities (0, 10, 20, and 30 practical salinity units (psu)). Results revealed that the sorption of PFASs onto sediment can be well described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. PFASs sorption was influenced by both compound-specific and solution-specific parameters. The distribution coefficient (Kd) for PFASs were increased with the increase of perfluorocarbon chain length and salinity, suggesting that hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions were involved in the adsorption process. 6:2 FTSA showed the lowest adsorption among PFASs with eight carbon atoms (6:2 FTSA, PFOA and PFOS). The increase of perfluorocarbon chain length of PFASs and salinity would result in the decrease of desorption rate of PFASs from sediment. In addition, PFCAs were desorbed more easily from the sediment than the PFSAs with the same perfluorocarbon chain length at all salinity groups. The present study demonstrated that salinity can apparently influence the fate of PFASs in aquatic environment and provided valuable data for modeling the fate of PFASs in real environment.


Assuntos
Fluorcarbonetos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Bioacumulação , Fluorcarbonetos/análise , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Salinidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
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