Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 9 de 9
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053740

RESUMO

Iron overload affects the cell cycle of various cell types, but the effect of iron overload on human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) has not yet been reported. Here, we show that the proliferation capacities of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) were significantly inhibited by ferric ammonium citrate (FAC) in a concentration-dependent manner. Additionally, deferoxamine (DFO) protected hESCs/hiPSCs against FAC-induced cell cycle arrest. However, iron overload did not affect pluripotency in hESCs/hiPSCs. Further, treatment of hiPSCs with FAC resulted in excess reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage. Collectively, our findings provide new insights into the role of iron homeostasis in the maintenance of self-renewal in hPSCs.

2.
Cell Death Differ ; 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969690

RESUMO

Neonatal mammalian heart maintains a transient regeneration capacity after birth, whereas this regeneration ability gradually loses in the postnatal heart. Thus, the reactivation of cardiomyocyte proliferation is emerging as a key strategy for inducing heart regeneration in adults. We have reported that a highly conserved long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) LncDACH1 was overexpressed in the failing hearts. Here, we found that LncDACH1 was gradually upregulated in the postnatal hearts. Cardiac-specific overexpression of LncDACH1 (TG) in mice suppressed neonatal heart regeneration and worsened cardiac function after apical resection. Conversely, in vivo cardiac conditional knockout of LncDACH1 (CKO) and adenovirus-mediated silencing of endogenous LncDACH1 reactivated cardiomyocyte-proliferative potential and promoted heart regeneration after myocardial infarction (MI) in juvenile and adult mice. Mechanistically, LncDACH1 was found to directly bind to protein phosphatase 1 catalytic subunit alpha (PP1A), and in turn, limit its dephosphorylation activity. Consistently, PP1A siRNA or pharmacological blockers of PP1A abrogated cardiomyocyte mitosis induced by LncDACH1 silencing. Furthermore, LncDACH1 enhanced yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) phosphorylation and reduced its nuclear translocation by binding PP1A. Verteporfin, a YAP1 inhibitor decreased LncDACH1 silencing-induced cardiomyocyte proliferation. In addition, targeting a conserved fragment of LncDACH1 caused cell cycle re-entry of human iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes. Collectively, LncDACH1 governs heart regeneration in postnatal and ischemic hearts via regulating PP1A/YAP1 signal, which confers a novel therapeutic strategy for ischemic heart diseases.

3.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(3): 2753-2760, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541452

RESUMO

Cardiomyocytes differentiated from human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) hold great potential for therapy of heart diseases. However, the underlying mechanisms of its cardiac differentiation have not been fully elucidated. Hippo-YAP signal pathway plays important roles in cell differentiation, tissue homeostasis, and organ size. Here, we identify the role of Hippo-YAP signal pathway in determining cardiac differentiation fate of hiPSCs. We found that cardiac differentiation of hiPSCs were significantly inhibited after treatment with verteporfin (a selective and potent YAP inhibitor). During hiPSCs differentiation from mesoderm cells (MESs) into cardiomyocytes, verteporfin treatment caused the cells retained in the earlier cardiovascular progenitor cells (CVPCs) stage. Interestingly, during hiPSCs differentiation from CVPC into cardiomyocytes, verteporfin treatment induced cells dedifferentiation into the earlier CVPC stage. Mechanistically, we found that YAP interacted with transcriptional enhanced associate domain transcription factor 3 (TEAD3) to regulate cardiac differentiation of hiPSCs during the CVPC stage. Consistently, RNAi-based silencing of TEAD3 mimicked the phenotype as the cells treated with verteporfin. Collectively, our study suggests that YAP-TEAD3 signaling is important for cardiomyocyte differentiation of hiPSCs. Our findings provide new insight into the function of Hippo-YAP signal in cardiovascular lineage commitment.

4.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 17: 590-600, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382190

RESUMO

Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have been suggested to possess the capacity to differentiate into different cell lineages. Maintaining a balanced stem cell differentiation program is crucial to the bone microenvironment and bone development. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have played a critical role in regulating the differentiation of BMSCs into particular lineage. However, the role of miR-149-3p in the adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs has not been extensively discovered. In this study, we aimed to detect the expression levels of miR-149-3p during the differentiation of BMSCs and investigate whether miR-149-3p participated in the lineage choice of BMSCs or not. Compared with mimic-negative control (NC), miR-149-3p mimic decreased the adipogenic differentiation potential of BMSCs and increased the osteogenic differentiation potential. Further analysis revealed that overexpression of miR-149-3p repressed the expression of fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene through binding to the 3' UTR of the FTO mRNA. Also, the role of miR-149-3p mimic in inhibiting adipogenic lineage differentiation and potentiating osteogenic lineage differentiation was mainly through targeting FTO, which also played an important role in regulating body weight and fat mass. In addition, BMSCs treated with miR-149-3p anti-miRNA oligonucleotide (AMO) exhibited higher potential to differentiate into adipocytes and lower tendency to differentiate into osteoblasts compared with BMSCs transfected with NC. In summary, our results detected the effects of miR-149-3p in cell fate specification of BMSCs and revealed that miR-149-3p inhibited the adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs via a miR-149-3p/FTO regulatory axis. This study provided cellular and molecular insights into the observation that miR-149-3p was a prospective candidate gene for BMSC-based bone tissue engineering in treating osteoporosis.

5.
Toxicol Lett ; 309: 51-58, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946857

RESUMO

Arsenic trioxide (ATO) has been recommended as the first-line agent for the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL), due to its substantial anticancer effect. Numerous clinical reports have indicated that ATO is a developmental toxicant which can result in birth defects of human beings. But whether arsenic trioxide can lead to human cardiac developmental toxicity remains largely unknown. So the present study aims to explore the influence and mechanisms of ATO on human cardiac development by using a vitro cardiac differentiation model of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). Here we found that clinically achievable concentrations (0.1, 0.5 and 1 µM) of ATO resulted in a significant inhibition of proliferation during the whole process of cardiac differentiation of hiPSCs. Meanwhile, TUNEL assay revealed that ATO could cause cell apoptosis during cardiac differentiation in a concentration-dependent manner. Consistently, we found that ATO reduced the expressions of mesoderm markers Brachyury and EOMES, cardiac progenitor cell markers GATA-4, MESP-1 and TBX-5, and cardiac specific marker α-actinin in differentiated hiPSCs. Furthermore, ATO treatment had caused DNA damage which was shown in the upregulation of γH2AX, a sensitive marker for DNA double-strand breaks. Taken together, ATO blocked cardiomyocyte differentiation, induced apoptosis and cell growth arrest during cardiac differentiation of hiPSCs, which might be associated with DNA damage.


Assuntos
Trióxido de Arsênio/toxicidade , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Dano ao DNA , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/citologia , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/fisiologia , Mesoderma/citologia , Mesoderma/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia
6.
Int J Biol Sci ; 15(2): 386-394, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30745828

RESUMO

Arsenic trioxide (ATO) has been well recognized as an anti-tumor agent for various human cancers. Recently, the blue light emitting diodes (LEDs)-based therapy has also been demonstrated to be potential therapeutic strategies for several cancers. However, the combination effects of ATO and blue LED on tumor suppression are still unclear. In this study, we determined whether combination of ATO and blue LED irradiation at 470 nm in wavelength exhibited superior anti-tumor activity in human osteosarcoma (OS). We observed that combination treatments of ATO and blue LED much more significantly decreased the percentages of proliferative cells, and increased apoptotic rate compared with any single treatments in U-2 OS cells. Furthermore, we found suppression of cell migration and invasion were much more pronounced in ATO plus blue LED treated group than single treated groups. Moreover, reactive oxygen species (ROS) assay and immunostaining of γ-H2A.X and p53 indicated that the combined treatments resulted in further markedly increases in ROS accumulation, DNA damage and p53 activity. Taken together, our study demonstrated synergistical anti-tumor effects of combined treatments of ATO and blue LED on human OS cells, which were associated with an increased ROS accumulation, DNA damaged mediated p53 activation.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Trióxido de Arsênio/farmacologia , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Dano ao DNA/efeitos da radiação , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/genética , Humanos , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
7.
Stem Cells ; 37(4): 489-503, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30599084

RESUMO

Iron homeostasis is crucial for a variety of biological processes, but the biological role of iron homeostasis in pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) remains largely unknown. The present study aimed to determine whether iron homeostasis is involved in maintaining the pluripotency of human PSCs (hPSCs). We found that the intracellular depletion of iron leads to a rapid downregulation of NANOG and a dramatic decrease in the self-renewal of hPSCs as well as spontaneous and nonspecific differentiation. Moreover, long-term depletion of iron can result in the remarkable cell death of hPSCs via apoptosis and necrosis pathways. Additionally, we found that the depletion of iron increased the activity of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (LP-PLA2) and the production of lysophosphatidylcholine, thereby suppressing NANOG expression by enhancer of zeste homolog 2-mediated trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 27. Consistently, LP-PLA2 inhibition abrogated iron depletion-induced loss of pluripotency and differentiation. Altogether, the findings of our study demonstrates that iron homeostasis, acting through glycerophospholipid metabolic pathway, is essential for the pluripotency and survival of hPSCs. Stem Cells 2019;37:489-503.

8.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 19: 421-436, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896070

RESUMO

Methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) is the main enzyme for N6-methyladenosine (m6A)-based methylation of RNAs and it has been implicated in many biological and pathophysiological processes. In this study, we aimed to explore the potential involvement of METTL3 in osteoblast differentiation and decipher the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms. We demonstrated that METTL3 is downregulated in human osteoporosis and the ovariectomized (OVX) mouse model, as well as during the osteogenic differentiation. Silence of METTL3 by short interfering RNA (siRNA) decreased m6A methylation levels and inhibited osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and reduced bone mass, and similar effects were observed in METTL3+/- knockout mice. In contrast, adenovirus-mediated overexpression of METTL3 produced the opposite effects. In addition, METTL3 enhanced, whereas METTL3 silence or knockout suppressed, the m6A methylations of runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2; a key transcription factor for osteoblast differentiation and bone formation) and precursor (pre-)miR-320. Moreover, downregulation of mature miR-320 rescued the decreased bone mass caused by METTL3 silence or METTL3+/- knockout. Therefore, METTL3-based m6A modification favors osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs through m6A-based direct and indirect regulation of RUNX2, and abnormal downregulation of METTL3 is likely one of the mechanisms underlying osteoporosis in patients and mice. Thus, METTL3 overexpression might be considered a new approach of replacement therapy for the treatment of human osteoporosis.

9.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 72(5): 534-550, 2018 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30056829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adult mammalian heart loses regeneration ability following ischemic injury due to the loss of cardiomyocyte mitosis. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the post-mitotic nature of cardiomyocytes remain largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to define the essential role of long noncoding ribonucleic acids (lncRNAs) in heart regeneration during postnatal and adult injury. METHODS: Myh6-driving cardiomyocyte-specific lncRNA-CAREL transgenic mice and adenovirus-mediated in vivo silencing of endogenous CAREL were used in this study. The effect of CAREL on cardiomyocyte replication and heart regeneration after apical resection or myocardial infarction was assessed by detecting mitosis and cytokinesis. RESULTS: An lncRNA CAREL was found significantly up-regulated in cardiomyocytes from neonatal mice (P7) in parallel with loss of regenerative capacity. Cardiac-specific overexpression of CAREL in mice reduced cardiomyocyte division and proliferation and blunted neonatal heart regeneration after injury. Conversely, silencing of CAREL in vivo markedly promoted cardiac regeneration and improved heart functions after myocardial infarction in neonatal and adult mice. CAREL acted as a competing endogenous ribonucleic acid for miR-296 to derepress the expression of Trp53inp1 and Itm2a, the target genes of miR-296. Consistently, overexpression of miR-296 significantly increased cardiomyocyte replication and cardiac regeneration after injury. Decline of cardiac regenerative ability in CAREL transgenic mice was also rescued by miR-296. A short fragment containing the conserved sequence of CAREL reduced the proliferation of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes as the full-length CAREL. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA CAREL regulates cardiomyocyte proliferation and heart regeneration in postnatal and adult heart after injury by acting as a competing endogenous ribonucleic acid on miR-296 that targets Trp53inp1 and Itm2a.


Assuntos
Miócitos Cardíacos/fisiologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/fisiologia , Regeneração/fisiologia , Fatores Etários , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA