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1.
Front Genet ; 13: 979732, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092865

RESUMO

The precise identification of pathogenic DMD variants is sometimes rather difficult, mainly due to complex structural variants (SVs) and deep intronic splice-altering variants. We performed genomic long-read whole DMD gene sequencing in a boy with asymptomatic hyper-creatine kinase-emia who remained genetically undiagnosed after standard genetic testing, dystrophin protein and DMD mRNA studies, and genomic short-read whole DMD gene sequencing. We successfully identified a novel pathogenic SV in DMD intron 1 via long-read sequencing. The deep intronic SV consists of a long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1) insertion/non-tandem duplication rearrangement causing partial exonization of the LINE-1, establishing a genetic diagnosis of Becker muscular dystrophy. Our study expands the genetic spectrum of dystrophinopathies and highlights the significant role of disease-causing LINE-1 insertions in monogenic diseases.

2.
J Med Chem ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126227

RESUMO

CDK8 is a transcriptional cyclin-dependent kinase and considered as a potential target in colon cancer therapeutics. Here, a novel selective CDK8 inhibitor was identified against colon cancer in vivo. Specifically, based on the structural information of the sorafenib-bound CDK8 structure, a series of novel 2-amino-pyridine derivatives were designed, synthesized, and evaluated. Among them, compound 29 showed strong inhibitory activity against CDK8 with an IC50 value of 46 nM and favorable selectivity. And there is an apparent interaction between the endogenous or overexpressed CDK8 and biotinylated-29. This compound exhibited antiproliferation potency on colon cancer cell lines with a high CDK8 expression level, suppressed the activation of WNT/ß-catenin and transcriptional activity of the TCF family, and induced G1 phase arrested in HCT-116 cells. In addition, this compound showed potent activity against sorafenib-resistant HCT-116 cells. What's more, it exhibited low toxicity and suitable pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles and showed preferable antitumor effects in vivo.

3.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 953871, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120306

RESUMO

Inflammation is an innate immune response to infection, and it is the main factor causing bodily injury and other complications in the pathological process. Ginsenoside Rh4 (G-Rh4), a minor ginsenoside of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer and Panax notoginseng, has excellent pharmacological properties. However, many of its major pharmacological mechanisms, including anti-inflammatory actions, remain unrevealed. In this study, network pharmacology and an experimental approach were employed to elucidate the drug target and pathways of G-Rh4 in treating inflammation. The potential targets of G-Rh4 were selected from the multi-source databases, and 58 overlapping gene symbols related to G-Rh4 and inflammation were obtained for generating a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Molecular docking revealed the high affinities between key proteins and G-Rh4. Gene ontology (GO) and pathway enrichment analyses were used to analyze the screened core targets and explore the target-pathway networks. It was found that the JAK-STAT signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, NF-κB signaling pathway, and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway may be the key and main pathways of G-Rh4 to treat inflammation. Additionally, the potential molecular mechanisms of G-Rh4 predicted from network pharmacology analysis were validated in RAW264.7 cells. RT-PCR, Western blot, and ELISA analysis indicated that G-Rh4 significantly inhibited the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß, as well as inflammation-related enzymes in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Moreover, in vitro experiments evaluated that Ginsenoside Rh4 exerts anti-inflammatory effects via the NF-κB and STAT3 signaling pathways. It is believed that our study will provide the basic scientific evidence that G-Rh4 has potential anti-inflammatory effects for further clinical studies.

4.
J Biol Chem ; : 102490, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115458

RESUMO

Branching morphogenesis is a key process essential for lung and other organ development in which cellular and tissue architecture branch out to maximize surface area. While this process is known to be regulated by differential gene expression of ligands and receptors, how chromatin remodeling regulates this process remains unclear. Znhit1, acting as a chromatin remodeler, has previously been shown to control the deposition of the histone variant H2A.Z. Here, we demonstrate that Znhit1 also plays an important role in regulating lung branching. Using Znhit1 conditional knockout mice, we show that Znhit1 deficiency in the embryonic lung epithelium leads to failure of branching morphogenesis and neonatal lethality, which is accompanied by reduced cell proliferation and increased cell apoptosis of the epithelium. The results from the transcriptome and the ChIP assay reveal that this is partially regulated by the derepression of Bmp4, encoding bone morphogenetic protein 4, which is a direct target of H2A.Z. Furthermore, we show that inhibition of BMP signaling by the protein inhibitor Noggin rescues the lung branching defects of Znhit1 mutants ex vivo. Taken together, our study identifies the critical role of Znhit1/H2A.Z in embryonic lung morphogenesis via the regulation of BMP signaling.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077093

RESUMO

Picaridin (icaridin), a member of the piperidine chemical family, is a broad-spectrum arthropod repellent. Its actions have been largely thought to be due to its interaction with odorant receptor proteins. However, to our knowledge, to what extent the presence of picaridin can modify the magnitude, gating, and/or the strength of voltage-dependent hysteresis (Hys(V)) of plasmalemmal ionic currents, such as, voltage-gated Na+ current [INa], has not been entirely explored. In GH3 pituitary tumor cells, we demonstrated that with exposure to picaridin the transient (INa(T)) and late (INa(L)) components of voltage-gated Na+ current (INa) were differentially stimulated with effective EC50's of 32.7 and 2.8 µM, respectively. Upon cell exposure to it, the steady-state current versus voltage relationship INa(T) was shifted to more hyperpolarized potentials. Moreover, its presence caused a rightward shift in the midpoint for the steady-state inactivate curve of the current. The cumulative inhibition of INa(T) induced during repetitive stimuli became retarded during its exposure. The recovery time course from the INa block elicited, following the conditioning pulse stimulation, was satisfactorily fitted by two exponential processes. Moreover, the fast and slow time constants of recovery from the INa block by the same conditioning protocol were noticeably increased in the presence of picaridin. However, the fraction in fast or slow component of recovery time course was, respectively, increased or decreased with an increase in picaridin concentrations. The Hys(V)'s strength of persistent INa (INa(P)), responding to triangular ramp voltage, was also enhanced during cell exposure to picaridin. The magnitude of resurgent INa (INa(R)) was raised in its presence. Picaritin-induced increases of INa(P) or INa(R) intrinsically in GH3 cells could be attenuated by further addition of ranolazine. The predictions of molecular docking also disclosed that there are possible interactions of the picaridin molecule with the hNaV1.7 channel. Taken literally, the stimulation of INa exerted by the exposure to picaridin is expected to exert impacts on the functional activities residing in electrically excitable cells.


Assuntos
Repelentes de Insetos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Piperidinas , Sódio/metabolismo
6.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1132, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH) is a complication of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that requires treatment and postoperative care. The shunt is one of the main treatments for PTH, which presents with dysfunction and infection. Considering brain injury, hydrocephalus shunt malfunction, and infection, family caregivers need to be responsible for caring for PTH patients, recognizing shunt malfunction and infection, and managing those patients accordingly from hospital to home. Understanding the experiences and needs of caregivers is beneficial for knowing their competency and quality of health care, ameliorating and ensuring future transition care. The study aimed to explore the feelings, experiences, and needs of family caregivers when caring for patients with TBI, PTH and shunts. METHODS: This was exploratory research of a purposive sample of 12 family caregivers of adult patients with TBI, PTH and shunts in five neurosurgery departments at a general hospital in Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China, using a semi-structured interview method. Data were collected from October 2021 to March 2022 before being analyzed by content analysis methods. RESULTS: Caregivers required professional and social knowledge and support in the areas of TBI, PTH and shunts, caregiving interventions, psychological care needs, and health insurance, just as caregivers do, but unlike other general caregivers, care for patients with TBI, PTH, and shunt is fraught with uncertainty and the need to manage shunt setting, and caregivers often experience 'complex emotional reaction' during the transitional period, where care needs and complex emotions may lead to a lack of caregiver confidence, which in turn may affect caregiving behaviors, and experiences that affect care may be mediated through caregiving confidence. The perceived availability of resources, particularly those that are still available to them when they return home, has a significant impact on participants' emotional response and sense of confidence. CONCLUSIONS: The emotional response and the impact of stressor caregivers after TBI, PTH, and shunt was important, and sometimes confidence in care appeared to be an intermediate and useful factor that needed to be considered as health professionals prepared to develop care resources on how to manage and empower patients with TBI, PTH, and shunt. Meanwhile, there may be gaps and inequities in supportive care for patients diagnosed with TBI, PTH, and shunt in China.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Hidrocefalia , Adulto , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/psicologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Transição do Hospital para o Domicílio , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(15): 4238-4247, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046914

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the efficacy and safety of Lianhua Qingwen preparations combined with Oseltamivir in the treatment of influenza patients. PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP were searched for the randomized controlled trials(RCTs) involving the comparison between the influenza patients treated with Lianhua Qingwen preparations combined with Oseltamivir and those treated with Oseltamivir alone. Fever clearance time was taken as the primary outcome indicator. Clinical effective rate(markedly effective and effective), time to muscle pain relief, time to sore throat relief, time to cough relief, time to nasal congestion and runny nose relief, time to negative result of viral nucleic acid test, and adverse reactions were taken as the secondary outcome indicators. The data were extracted based on the outcome indicators and then combined. The Cochrane collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias was used to evaluate the quality of a single RCT, and the grading of recommendations assessment, development and evaluations(GRADE) system to assess the quality of a single outcome indicator. RevMan 5.3 was employed to analyze data and test heterogeneity. Finally, 16 RCTs involving 1 629 patients were included for analysis. The Meta-analysis showed that Lianhua Qingwen preparations combined with Oseltamivir was superior to Oseltamivir alone in the treatment of influenza in terms of clinical effective rate(RR=1.16, 95%CI [1.12, 1.20], P<0.000 01), fever clearance time(SMD=-2.02, 95%CI [-2.62,-1.41], P<0.000 01), time to muscle pain relief(SMD=-2.50, 95%CI [-3.84,-1.16], P=0.000 2), time to sore throat relief(SMD=-1.40, 95%CI [-1.93,-0.85], P<0.000 01), time to cough relief(SMD=-1.81, 95%CI [-2.44,-1.19], P<0.000 01), time to nasal congestion and runny nose(SMD=-2.31, 95%CI [-3.61,-1.01], P=0.000 5), and time to negative result of viral nucleic acid test(SMD=-0.68, 95%CI [-1.19,-0.16], P=0.01). However, due to the low quality of the trials, the above conclusions need to be proved by more high-quality clinical studies. In addition, we still need to attach importance to the adverse reactions of the integrated application of Chinese and western medicines.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Influenza Humana , Ácidos Nucleicos , Faringite , Tosse/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Mialgia/induzido quimicamente , Mialgia/tratamento farmacológico , Ácidos Nucleicos/uso terapêutico , Oseltamivir/efeitos adversos , Faringite/tratamento farmacológico , Rinorreia
9.
J Med Chem ; 65(18): 12095-12123, 2022 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068975

RESUMO

Few targeted drugs were approved for treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC). Cyclin-dependent kinase 8 played a vital role in regulating transcription and was a key colorectal oncogene associated to colorectal cancer. Here, through de novo drug design and in depth structure-activity relationship analysis, title compound 22, (3-(3-(1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)-N-(4-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)propenamide), was discovered as a potent type II CDK8 inhibitor, which exhibited potent kinase activity with an IC50 value of 48.6 nM and could significantly inhibit tumor growth in xenografts of CRC in vivo. Further mechanism studies indicated that it could target CDK8 to indirectly inhibit ß-catenin activity, which caused downregulation of the WNT/ß-catenin signal and inducing cell cycle arrest in G2/M and S phases. More importantly, the title compound exhibited low toxicity with good bioavailability (F = 39.8%). These results could provide the reference for design of new type II CDK8 inhibitors against colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Colorretais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Quinase 8 Dependente de Ciclina , Desenho de Fármacos , Humanos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Piridinas/farmacologia , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , beta Catenina/metabolismo
10.
Environ Res ; : 114395, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36150443

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) as a non-communicable disease imposes heavy disease burdens on society. Limited studies have been conducted to assess the effects of short-term air pollution exposure on T2DM, especially in Asian regions. Our research aimed to determine the association between short-term exposure to ambient nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and outpatient visits for T2DM in Chongqing, the largest city in western China, based on the data collected from November 28, 2013 to December 31, 2019. A generalized additive model (GAM) was applied, and stratified analyses were performed to investigate the potential modifying effects by age, gender, and season. Meanwhile, the disease burden was revealed from attributable risk. Positive associations between short-term NO2 and daily T2DM outpatient visits were observed. The strongest association was observed at lag 04, with per 10 µg/m3 increase of NO2 corresponded to increased T2DM outpatient visits at 1.57% [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.48%, 2.65%]. Stronger associations were presented in middle-aged group (35-64 years old), male group, and cool seasons (October to March). Moreover, there were 1.553% (8664.535 cases) of T2DM outpatient visits attributable to NO2. Middle-aged adults, males, and patients who visited in cool seasons suffered heavier burdens. Conclusively, short-term exposure to NO2 was associated with increased outpatient visits for T2DM. Attention should be paid to the impact of NO2 on the burden of T2DM, especially for those vulnerable groups.

11.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 962500, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147853

RESUMO

Peroxisomes have been proved playing roles in infection of several plant pathogens. Although the contribution of a portion of peroxins in pathogenicity was demonstrated, most of them are undocumented in fungi, especially, Botrytis cinerea. The homologs of Pex8, Pex10, and Pex12 in B. cinerea were functionally characterized in this work using gene disruption strategies. Compared with the wild-type strain (WT), the Δbcpex8, Δbcpex10, and Δbcpex12 mutants exhibited significant reduction in melanin production, fatty acid utilization, and decreased tolerance to high osmotic pressure and reactive oxygen species (ROS). The mycelial growth and conidiation of were significantly inhibited in Δbcpex8, Δbcpex10, and Δbcpex12 strains. The mycelial growth rates of Δbcpex8, Δbcpex10, and Δbcpex12 were reduced by 32, 35, and 34%, respectively, compared with WT and ectopic transformant (ET), and the conidiation was reduced by approximately 89, 27, and 88%, respectively. The conidial germination, germ tube elongation, and the formation of initiate infection structures (IFSs) were also reduced by the deletion of the genes. The pathogenicity was tested on the leaves of tobacco and strawberry, and fruits of tomato. On the leaves of tobacco and strawberry, the Δbcpex8, Δbcpex10, and Δbcpex12 mutants could not induce necrotic lesions, and the lesions on tomato fruits infected with the mutants were significantly reduced than those of the wide type. The results indicated that BcPEX8, BcPEX10, and BcPEX12 are indispensable for the development and pathogenicity of B. cinerea.

12.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 889122, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120438

RESUMO

Pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons are important for the regulation of body weight and glucose balance. The inhibitory tone to POMC neurons is mediated primarily by the GABA receptors. However, the detailed mechanisms and functions of GABA receptors are not well understood. The α5 subunit of GABAA receptor, Gabra5, is reported to regulate feeding, and we found that Gabra5 is highly expressed in POMC neurons. To explore the function of Gabra5 in POMC neurons, we knocked down Gabra5 specifically from mature hypothalamic POMC neurons using the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9 strategy. This POMC-specific knock-down of Gabra5 did not affect body weight or food intake in either male or female mice. Interestingly, the loss of Gabra5 caused significant increases in the firing frequency and resting membrane potential, and a decrease in the amplitude of the miniature inhibitory postsynaptic current (mIPSC) in male POMC neurons. However, the loss of Gabra5 only modestly decreased the frequency of mIPSC in female POMC neurons. Consistently, POMC-specific knock-down of Gabra5 significantly improved glucose tolerance in male mice but not in female mice. These results revealed a sexually dimorphic role of Gabra5 in POMC neuron activity and glucose balance, independent of body weight control.


Assuntos
Glucose , Pró-Opiomelanocortina , Animais , Peso Corporal , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Pró-Opiomelanocortina/genética , Receptores de GABA-A
13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 153: 113532, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076611

RESUMO

Silicosis, the most common type of pneumoconiosis, exhibits a high incidence in workers who are chronically exposed to crystalline silica (CS). No specific remedy for cure as yet. The terpenoid oridonin exerts multiple modulatory functions in neoplasms and inflammations as a natural compound. In this study, we explored the effect of oridonin on silicosis and revealed the underlying molecular mechanism. An experimental silicosis mouse model was established to evaluate the effects of oridonin on pneumonia and pulmonary fibrosis. In addition, the impact of oridonin on alveolar macrophages (AMs) was examined in the MH-S cell line. Its molecular target, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), was identified by chemobiological means, and virus-mediated gene overexpression systems confirmed that oridonin directly restrained iNOS protein levels. Oridonin alleviated pneumonia and pulmonary fibrosis in silicosis mice with no obvious systemic toxicity. These effects were partially related to oridonin inhibition of CS-induced AMs injury and inflammation. Furthermore, oridonin suppressed iNOS enzymatic expression and activity by covalently binding to the Thr109 residue of the iNOS target. Thus, our results indicate oridonin as a potential iNOS enzymatic suppressor in experimental silicosis that attenuates pneumonia and pulmonary fibrosis progression, which provides a therapeutic avenue for silicosis prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Pneumonia , Fibrose Pulmonar , Silicose , Animais , Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano , Fibrose , Inflamação/metabolismo , Pulmão , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Pneumonia/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Dióxido de Silício/efeitos adversos , Silicose/tratamento farmacológico , Silicose/metabolismo
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36151849

RESUMO

PLIN4-myopathy is a recently identified autosomal dominant muscular disorder caused by the coding 99 bp repeat expansion in PLIN4, presenting with distal or proximal weakness. Here, we report one family and one sporadic case of adult-onset PLIN4-associated limb-girdle weakness, whose diagnoses were achieved by a comprehensive genetic analysis workup. We provided additional evidence that the combination of subsarcolemmal/cytoplasmic ubiquitin/p62 positive deposits and rimmed vacuoles could serve as a strong indicator of PLIN4-myopathy. Moreover, we found novel myopathological features that were ultrastructural subsarcolemmal filamentous materials and membrane-bound granulofilamentous inclusions formed by the co-deposition of disrupted lipid droplets and p62 protein aggregates.

15.
Curr Med Sci ; 2022 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35997911

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It is well known that a dual trigger treatment can improve clinical outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) in high or normal ovarian responders. However, it is not clear whether dual triggering also benefits patients with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR). The aim of this study was to investigate whether a dual trigger treatment of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist combined with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) for final follicular maturation improves the cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) during the GnRH-antagonist cycle in patients with DOR. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with DOR who received a GnRH-antagonist protocol during IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF-ICSI) cycles at Peking University People's Hospital from January 1, 2017 through December 31, 2017. Oocyte maturation was triggered by GnRH combined with hCG (n=110) or hCG alone (n=71). Embryos were transferred on the third day after oocyte retrieval or during a subsequent freeze-thaw cycle. Patients were followed up for 3 years. RESULTS: The dual trigger treatment did not affect CLBR, which is an overall determinant of the success rate of assisted reproductive technology (ART). Women in the dual trigger group had significantly higher rates of fertilization than those in the hCG group (90.1% vs. 83.9%, P=0.040). CONCLUSION: Dual trigger with GnRH agonist and hCG did not improve CLBR in patients with DOR, but did slightly improve fertilization rate, oocyte count, and embryo quality.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35989568

RESUMO

The tumor microenvironment (TME) is a very cunning system that enables tumor cells to escape death post-traditional antitumor treatments through the comprehensive effect of different factors, thereby leading to drug resistance. Deep insights into TME characteristics and tumor resistance encourage the construction of nanomedicines that can remodel the TME against drug resistance. Tremendous interest in combining TME-regulation measurement with traditional tumor treatment to fight multidrug-resistant tumors has been inspired by the increasing understanding of the role of TME reconstruction in improving the antitumor efficiency of drug-resistant tumor therapy. This review focuses on the underlying relationships between specific TME characteristics (such as hypoxia, acidity, immunity, microorganisms, and metabolism) and drug resistance in tumor treatments. The exciting antitumor activities strengthened by TME regulation are also discussed in-depth, providing solutions from the perspective of nanomedicine design. This article is categorized under: Therapeutic Approaches and Drug Discovery > Emerging Technologies Therapeutic Approaches and Drug Discovery > Nanomedicine for Oncologic Disease Nanotechnology Approaches to Biology > Nanoscale Systems in Biology.

17.
Phytochemistry ; 203: 113346, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35961408

RESUMO

1H-NMR guided fractionation led to the isolation of twenty-two coumarin monoterpenes from the whole plant of Gerbera piloselloides, among which fourteen were undescribed. All coumarin monoterpenes were initially found to be racemates without optical activity. Subsequently, eleven pairs of optically pure enantiomers were successfully separated by chiral phase HPLC. Their structures and absolute configurations were unambiguously determined based on their spectroscopic data, calculated/experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data, and X-ray diffraction analysis. Bioassays in LPS-treated RAW 264.7 cells revealed that the four compounds possessed moderate anti-inflammatory activity. In addition, the correlations between the cotton effect (CE) from δ-lactone at approximately 210-220 nm in CD spectra and γ-C or the ring fused at γ-C of the skeleton were reported for the first time.

18.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 946484, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938163

RESUMO

Histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) methyltransferase 2D (KMT2D) plays an important role in cell development in early life. However, the function of KMT2D in adult cells such as cardiomyocytes or neurons has not been reported. In this study, cardiomyocyte-specific KMT2D knockout (KMT2D-cKO) and control (KMT2D-Ctl) mice were exposed to sham or myocardial ischemia (MI) surgery. Depletion of KMT2D aggravated the ischemic area, led to the increased mortality (26.5% in KMT2D-cKO vs 12.5% in KMT2D-Ctl) of the mice, and weakened the left ventricular systolic function. RNA-seq analysis in cardiac tissues identified genes whose expression was changed by MI and KMT2D deletion. Combined with the genome-wide association study (GWAS) analysis, cardiac disease-associated genes Rasd1, Thsd7a, Ednra, and Tns1 were identified. The expression of the Rasd1 was significantly decreased by MI or the loss of KMT2D in vivo. Meanwhile, ChIP assays demonstrated that either MI or loss of KMT2D attenuated monomethylated H3K4 (H3K4me1) enrichment on the enhancer of Rasd1. By generating a KMT2D knockout (H9C2-KO) H9C2 monoclone, we verified that the expression of Rasd1 was controlled by KMT2D, and the expression of Rasd1 was decreased by serum starvation but not low-(O2) treatment in H9C2 cells. KMT2D has a protective effect on ischemic myocardium by regulating cardiac disease-associated genes including Rasd1. KMT2D is required for the H3K4me1 deposition on the enhancer of Rasd1. Our data for the first time suggest that KMT2D-mediated Rasd1 expression may play an important protective effect on adult cells during nutritional deficiency caused by ischemic injury.

19.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5483, 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35975594

RESUMO

Aloin A/B and aloesin are the major bioactive constituents in Aloe vera, with diverse pharmacological activities, including anti-bacterial, anti-tumour, anti-inflammatory and intestinal regulation. However, the in vivo metabolism of aloin A/B and aloesin is still unclear. In this study, the metabolic processes of aloin A/B and aloesin in rats were investigated using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS) and MetaboLynx™ software with the mass defect filter technique. Based on the proposed method, the prototype components of three compounds were all detected in rat plasma, urine and feces. Meanwhile, 25 aloin A/B metabolites (six phase I, three phase II, 16 phase I combined with phase II) and three aloesin metabolites (two phase I and one phase II) were detected in rats after oral administration of aloin A, aloin B and aloesin, and the main biotransformation reactions were hydroxylation, oxidation, methylation, acetylation and glucuronidation. In addition, aloin A and aloin B can be transformed into each other in vivo and the metabolic profiles of aloin A and aloin B are identical. These results provide essential data for further pharmaceutical research and clinical application of aloin A/B and aloesin.

20.
Cancer Lett ; 546: 215851, 2022 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926819

RESUMO

DNA damage repair plays a vital role in maintaining the genomic integrity of cells and has been exploited therapeutically in the treatment of cancer. We have previously demonstrated that the upregulation of CXorf67 in posterior fossa type A ependymoma sensitizes tumor cells to PARP inhibitors by suppressing the PALB2-BRCA2 protein-protein interaction (PPI). Here, we performed structure-based virtual screening of ∼2 million small molecular entities followed by NanoBiT-based screening, and determined that pentagalloylglucose (PGG) disrupts the PALB2-BRCA2 PPI. Structure-based molecular docking and in vitro binding affinity assays revealed that PGG occupies a well-defined binding groove in the tips of the fourth and fifth blades of the PALB2 WD40 domain. PGG reduces BRCA2 recruitment to DNA damage sites and inhibits the formation of RAD51 foci, suppressing homologous recombination repair. PGG also inhibits proliferation and survival in several cancer cell lines, including breast cancer and medulloblastoma cells, and suppresses the in vivo growth of tumor xenografts. Thus, PGG is a specific inhibitor of the PALB2-BRCA2 PPI, which has potential value in cancer treatment to sensitize tumors to PARP inhibitors and radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA2 , Neoplasias , Proteína do Grupo de Complementação N da Anemia de Fanconi , Humanos , Taninos Hidrolisáveis , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Proteínas Nucleares , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases , Rad51 Recombinase , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor
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