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1.
Genes Genomics ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide. Emerging evidence suggests that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in DN pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to explore the role and mechanism of lncRNA tetratricopeptide repeat domain 2B antisense RNA 1 (TTC28-AS1) in DN. METHODS: Cell viability and apoptosis were assessed by the Cell Counting-8 Kit (CCK-8) assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The levels of TTC28-AS1, miR-320a and CD2-associated protein (CD2AP) were determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) or western blot. The levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and IL-8 were gauged by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Targeted relationship between miR-320a and TTC28-AS1 or CD2AP was evaluated by dual-luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays. RESULTS: Our data indicated that high glucose (HG) induced HK-2 cell damage by the repression of cell viability and autophagy and the enhancement of cell apoptosis, fibrosis and pro-inflammatory cytokines production. TTC28-AS1 was down-regulated and miR-320a was up-regulated in HG-induced HK-2 cells. TTC28-AS1 overexpression or miR-320a knockdown alleviated HG-induced damage in HK-2 cells. MiR-320 was a molecular mediator of TTC28-AS1 in regulating HG-induced HK-2 cell damage. Moreover, TTC28-AS1 functioned as a post-transcriptional regulator of CD2AP expression by miR-320a. MiR-320a knockdown relieved HG-induced damage in HK-2 cells by up-regulating CD2AP. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that TTC28-AS1 attenuates HG-induced damage in HK-2 cells at least partially by targeting the miR-320a/CD2AP axis, highlighting its role as a promising therapeutic approach for DN treatment.

2.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625346

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Switching to a tenofovir alafenamide (TAF)-containing regimen has been reported to be associated with body weight gain in human immunodeficiency virus-infected subjects. We aimed to investigate the body weight change and virological, hepatic, and renal outcomes of TAF switching among chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. METHODS: This retrospective study included 121 CHB patients who were switched to TAF after >12 months of treatment with another nucleot(s)ide analog (NUC). All patients were monitored for 12 months. RESULTS: The cohort was mostly Asian (96.7%) with a mean age of 55 years, 72% male, 14% cirrhosis, 21% HBeAg positive, and 75% with prior use of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. At 12 months after TAF switching, their body weight significantly increased from 66.4 ± 11.8 to 67.8 ± 12.3 kg (p < 0.001), and 21.1% of the subjects had a ≥5% weight gain. Patients without diabetes or hypertension were more likely to have a body weight gain. Meanwhile, the complete viral suppression rate increased significantly from 89.3% to 96.2% (p = 0.016). The rate of alanine aminotransferase normalization also increased significantly from 71.1% to 87.6% (p < 0.001) by local criteria and from 58.7% to 70.2% (p = 0.029) by AASLD criteria. The mean eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) did not change (88.2 ± 18.8 vs. 87.2 ± 17.5, p = 0.28). However, for the subgroup with GFR <90 at TAF switching, there was a significant improvement in eGFR (72.9 ± 12.0 vs. 75.7 ± 14.2, p = 0.027). CONCLUSION: In real-world NUC-experienced CHB patients, unexpected body weight gain was observed after TAF switching. The mechanism needs to be investigated in the future.

3.
Food Funct ; 12(19): 9391-9404, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606557

RESUMO

Cisplatin is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents used for the treatment of a wide variety of cancers. However, cisplatin has been associated with nephrotoxicity, which limits its application in clinical treatment. Various studies have indicated the protective effect of phospholipids against acute kidney injury. However, no study has focused on the different effects of phospholipids with different fatty acids on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and on the combined effects of phospholipids and cisplatin in tumour-bearing mice. In the present study, the potential renoprotective effects of phospholipids with different fatty acids against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity were investigated by determining the serum biochemical index, renal histopathological changes, protein expression level and oxidative stress. The results showed that docosahexaenoic acid-enriched phospholipids (DHA-PL) and eicosapentaenoic acid-enriched phospholipids (EPA-PL) could alleviate cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity by regulating the caspase signaling pathway, the SIRT1/PGC1α pathway, and the MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) signaling pathway and by inhibiting oxidative stress. In particular, DHA-PL exhibited a better inhibitory effect on oxidative stress and apoptosis compared to EPA-PL. Furthermore, DHA-PL exhibited an additional effect with cisplatin on the survival of ascitic tumor-bearing mice. These findings suggested that DHA-PL are one kind of promising supplement for the alleviation of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity without compromising its antitumor activity.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609827

RESUMO

Hyperbolic metamaterials (HMMs) have attracted significant attention due to the profound manipulation of the photonic density of states, resulting in the efficient optoelectronic devices with the enhanced light-matter interaction. HMMs are conventionally built on rigid large-size substrates with poor conformability and the absence of flexibility. Here, we demonstrate a grating collageable HMM (GCHMM), which is composed of eight alternating layers of Au and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and PMMA grating nanostructure containing quantum dots (QDs). The QDs serve as a scattering gain medium performing a random laser action, and the grating nanostructure enhances the extraction of light from QDs. The GCHMM enhances laser action by 13 times, reduces lasing threshold by 46%, and increases differential quantum efficiency by 1.8 times as compared to a planar collageable HMM. In addition, the GCHMM can be retransferred multiple times to other substrates as well as provide sufficient protection in water and still retain an excellent performance. It also shows stable functionality even when transferred to a dental floss. The GCHMM, therefore, promises to become a versatile platform for foldable, adaptable, free-standing, and water-resistant optoelectronic device applications.

5.
Mol Brain ; 14(1): 157, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641940

RESUMO

AIM: Growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHS-R1a) is widely distributed in brain including the hippocampus. Studies have demonstrated the critical role of hippocampal ghrelin/GHS-R1a signaling in synaptic physiology, memory and cognitive dysfunction associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, current reports are inconsistent, and the mechanism underlying memory modulation of GHS-R1a signaling is uncertain. In this study, we aim to investigate the direct impact of selective increase of GHS-R1a expression in dCA1 excitatory/inhibitory neurons on learning and memory. METHODS: Endogenous GHS-R1a distribution in dCA1 excitatory/inhibitory neurons was assessed by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Cre-dependent GHS-R1a overexpression in excitatory or inhibitory neurons was done by stereotaxic injection of aav-hSyn-DIO-hGhsr1a-2A-eGFP virus in dCA1 region of vGlut1-Cre or Dlx5/6-Cre mice respectively. Virus-mediated GHS-R1a upregulation in dCA1 neurons was confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR. Different behavioral paradigms were used to evaluate long-term memory performance. RESULTS: GHS-R1a is distributed both in dCA1 excitatory pyramidal neurons (αCaMKII+) and in inhibitory interneurons (GAD67+). Selective increase of GHS-R1a expression in dCA1 pyramidal neurons impaired spatial memory and object-place recognition memory. In contrast, selective increase of GHS-R1a expression in dCA1 interneurons enhanced long-term memory performance. Our findings reveal, for the first time, a neuronal type-specific role that hippocampal GHS-R1a signaling plays in regulating memory. Therefore, manipulating GHS-R1a expression/activity in different subpopulation of neurons may help to clarify current contradictory findings and to elucidate mechanism of memory control by ghrelin/GHS-R1a signaling, under both physiological and pathological conditions such as AD.

7.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e932404, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Studies in ApoE knockout mice have shown that pseudolaric acid B (PB) can act as an immunomodulatory drug and attenuate atherosclerosis progression by modulating monocyte/macrophage phenotypes. Our previous study demonstrated that high salt intake could shift the phenotype of monocytes/macrophages to an inflammatory phenotype, and that this shift was related to hypertension and hypertensive left ventricular (LV) remodeling. However, no comprehensive assessment of the effects of PB on hypertensive LV remodeling has been conducted. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, RAW264.7 macrophages cultured with different concentrations of NaCl were used to investigate the modulating effects of PB on macrophage phenotype. Furthermore, N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hypertensive mice were used to investigate the modulating effects of PB on monocyte phenotype. LV remodeling was investigated by echocardiography. LV morphologic staining (for cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and collagen deposition) was performed at the time of sacrifice. RESULTS The results showed that PB significantly improved the viability of RAW264.7 cells, suppressed their phagocytic and migration abilities, and inhibited their phenotypic shift to M1 macrophages. In addition, the blood pressure of PB-treated mice was significantly decreased relative to that of control mice. Furthermore, after PB treatment, the percentage of Ly6Chi monocytes was significantly decreased while that of Ly6Clo monocytes was apparently increased. Moreover, PB preserved LV function and alleviated myocardial fibrosis and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy as measured at the end of the experimental period. The transfer of monocytes from PB-treated mice to hypertensive mice achieved the same effects. CONCLUSIONS Together, these findings indicate that PB exerts its protective effects on hypertensive LV remodeling by modulating monocyte/macrophage phenotypes and warrants further investigation.

8.
Mar Drugs ; 19(9)2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564161

RESUMO

Prevention of acute kidney injury caused by drugs is still a clinical problem to be solved urgently. Astaxanthin (AST) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are important marine-derived active ingredients, and they are reported to exhibit renal protective activity. It is noteworthy that the existing forms of AST in nature are mainly fatty acid-acylated AST monoesters and diesters, as well as unesterified AST, in which DHA is an esterified fatty acid. However, no reports focus on the different bioactivities of unesterified AST, monoesters and diesters, as well as the recombination of DHA and unesterified AST on nephrotoxicity. In the present study, vancomycin-treated mice were used to evaluate the effects of DHA-acylated AST monoesters, DHA-acylated AST diesters, unesterified AST, and the recombination of AST and DHA in alleviating nephrotoxicity by determining serum biochemical index, histopathological changes, and the enzyme activity related to oxidative stress. Results found that the intervention of DHA-acylated AST diesters significantly ameliorated kidney dysfunction by decreasing the levels of urea nitrogen and creatinine, alleviating pathological damage and oxidative stress compared to AST monoester, unesterified AST, and the recombination of AST and DHA. Further studies revealed that dietary DHA-acylated AST esters could inhibit the activation of the caspase cascade and MAPKs signaling pathway, and reduce the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. These findings indicated that the administration of DHA-acylated AST esters could alleviate vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity, which represented a potentially novel candidate or therapeutic adjuvant for alleviating acute kidney injury.

9.
Epigenetics ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550860

RESUMO

Physical activity reduces risk of colon cancer persons by 20-30%. Aberrant methylation patterns are common epigenetic alterations in colorectal adenomas and cancers, and play a role in cancer initiation and progression. Alterations have been identified in normal colon tissue potentially representing a "field cancerization" process, where the normal colon is primed for carcinogenesis. Here, we investigate methylation patterns in three genes -Ena/VASP-like (EVL), (CDKN2A (p14, ARF)), and Estrogen Receptor-1 (ESR1)-in normal colon tissue collected at baseline and 12-months from 202 sedentary men and women, 40-75 years, enrolled in a randomized controlled trial testing an exercise intervention vs. control (http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00668161). Participants were randomized to moderate-to-vigorous intensity exercise, 60 minutes/day, 6 days/week for 12 months, or usual lifestyle. Sigmoid colon biopsies were obtained at baseline and 12-months, DNA extracted, and bisulphite converted. Droplet digital methylation-specific PCR was performed for EVL, p14ARF, and ESR1. Generalized estimating equations modification of linear regression were used to model relationships between intervention effects and candidate gene methylation levels, adjusting for possible confounders.There were no statistically significant differences between methylation patterns at 12-months between exercisers and controls. ESR1 methylation patterns differed by sex: women -10.58% (exercisers) +11.10% (controls); men +5.54% (exercisers), -8.16% (controls); (P=0.05), adjusting for BMI and age. There were no statistically significant changes in methylation patterns in any gene stratified by change in VO2max, or by minutes/week of exercise.While no statistically significant differences were found in gene methylation patterns comparing exercises vs. controls, 12-month exercise effects on ESR1 methylation differed by sex, warranting further study.

10.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO2101706, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554846
11.
Curr Oncol ; 28(5): 3602-3609, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590609

RESUMO

Radiation-induced emesis (RIE) is usually noted during abdominal-pelvic radiotherapy. In gynecological malignancies, it is usually noted in para-aortic but not whole-pelvic irradiation. Irradiated small bowel (SB) may be associated with RIE. The significance of SB dosimetry remains unclear. Dosimetric and non-dosimetric factors were evaluated and correlated with RIE in 45 patients with gynecological malignancies undergoing extended-field radiotherapy (EFRT) (median 45 Gy) from 2006 to 2021. Early-onset RIE (within 72 h after the first fraction of EFRT) was noted in 10 of 12 RIE patients. RIE was significantly associated with the SB mean dose. The RIE rates were 58.3% and 15.2% (p = 0.007) in patients with a low (<63%) and high (≥63%) SB mean dose. Logistic regression revealed that the SB mean dose remained the independent factor of overall RIE (p = 0.049) and early-onset RIE (p = 0.014). Therefore, constraint of the SB mean dose limited to less than 63% of the prescribed dose is suggested to decrease RIE.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Studies have reported an increased tuberculosis (TB) incidence among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This nationwide nested Case-control study investigated the risk of active TB due to nosocomial exposure and its correlation with the delay in TB treatment in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Adult (aged ≥20 years) patients with incident ESRD over 2000-2010 were identified from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database; 2331 patients with incident active TB (Case) were matched with 11,655 patients without TB (control) by age, sex, year of ESRD onset, Charlson comorbidity index, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes mellitus, at a 1:5 case-to-control ratio. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the Case group had greater nosocomial exposure to index patients with pulmonary TB (2.36 vs. 0.11 month of exposure, p < 0.001). Nosocomial exposure increased active TB risk (adjusted odds ratio [OR; 95% confidence interval, CI]: 1.60 [1.55-1.66] per month of exposure), particularly when the exposure time was either within 6 months before the index case was diagnosed or 6-15 months before the ESRD patient became an incident active TB case. For patients with active TB, cough-related medication prescriptions (proxy for cough symptoms) exponentially increased over 6 months before TB treatment. CONCLUSION: Nosocomial exposure attributed to delay in the diagnosis of index pulmonary TB is important in TB transmission among patients undergoing regular hemodialysis. Additional studies investigating how TB can be diagnosed and treated early are warranted. SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: Our study revealed that nosocomial exposure, attributed to delay in pulmonary TB diagnosis, is important in TB transmission among patients undergoing regular hemodialysis. Strategies to diagnose and treat TB early are crucial to infection control, and they warrant further investigations.

13.
Cardiovasc Toxicol ; 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537923

RESUMO

Astaxanthin (AST) has a variety of biochemical effects, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and antihypertensive functions. The aim of the present study was to determine whether AST ameliorates blood pressure in salt-induced prehypertensive rats by ROS/MAPK/NF-κB pathways in hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus.To explore the central effects of AST on the development of blood pressure, prehypertensive rats were induced by a high-salt diet (HS, 8% NaCl) and its control groups were treated with normal-salt diet (NS, 0.3% NaCl). The Dahl salt-sensitive (S) rats with HS diet for 6 weeks received AST or vehicle by gastric perfusion for 6 weeks. Compared to those with NS diet, rats with HS diet exhibited increased mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). These increases were associated with higher plasma level of norepinephrine (NE), interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß), and interleukin 6 (IL-6); elevated PVN level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), NOX2, and NOX4, that of IL-1ß, IL-6, monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), phosphorylation extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK1/2), phosphorylation Jun N-terminal kinases (p-JNK), nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activity; and lower levels of IL-10, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) in the PVN. In addition, our data demonstrated that chronic AST treatment ameliorated these changes in the HS but not NS diet rats. These data suggested that AST could alleviate prehypertensive response in HS-induced prehypertension through ROS/MAPK/NF-κB pathways in the PVN.

14.
Support Care Cancer ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34532754

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Women whose mothers have been diagnosed with breast cancer are concerned about their mothers' illness and fear developing cancer themselves. This study, conducted in Taiwan, aims to understand daughters' lived experiences after their mothers were diagnosed with breast cancer. METHOD: In-depth interviews were conducted to understand daughters' emotional reactions to their mothers' diagnoses, their challenges with taking care of their mothers, and their concerns or perceptions regarding their own risks of developing breast cancer. Themes were identified using a phenomenological approach with 18 transcripts. RESULTS: Six themes were identified: "taking care of my mother is my responsibility", "desiring sufficient information/support", "feeling helplessness in providing care", "expecting a cancer diagnosis in fear", "anticipating reassurance other than surveillance", and "worrying about myself is not a priority". In addition, these themes reflected their concerns about how to support their mothers physically and psychologically, how to manage their own worries about cancer, and how to maintain their health. CONCLUSION: The daughters prioritized the responsibility of caring for their mothers physically and psychologically rather than managing their own cancer concerns. Health care professionals should be aware of these priorities to provide education regarding the care of high-risk populations and psychological support to adult daughters.

15.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-11, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498976

RESUMO

Juncus effusus L. (J. effusus) is a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) that has long been used for dealing with gynaecological disorders, such as relieving insomnia, preventing tinnitus, reducing edema with diuretic effect. In our course of evidence-based medical research focused on this herb, one new phenanthrene, Junfusol B (2), together with seventeen known compounds were isolated and identified. All the structures of these compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic methods. The absolute stereochemistry of compounds 1 and 2 was further determined by comparing their calculated and experimental Electronic Circular Dichroism (ECD) spectra and optical rotation (OR) values. The isolates were evaluated for their estrogenic and anti-inflammatory activities which were considered as relevant etiological factors of insomnia, tinnitus and edema in the ancient TCM theory. The results revealed that most of the obtained phenanthrenes in this work were found exerting agonistic effects on estrogen receptor. This is the first report to declare the exact estrogen-regulating potential among this type of compounds from J. effusus. Moreover, phenanthrenes 3 - 7 exhibited significant inhibitions on superoxide anion generation and elastase release in fMLP/CB-induced human neutrophilic inflammation model. J. effusus may be developed as a complementary agent utilized in menopausal multiple syndromes.

16.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510762

RESUMO

AIMS: Human urinary kallidinogenase (HUK) has shown favorable efficacies in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) treatment. We sought confirmation of the safety and efficacy of HUK for AIS in a large population. METHODS: RESK study enrolled patients with AIS of anterior circulation to receive HUK infusion. The primary endpoint was the incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs). Secondary endpoints assessed neurological and functional improvements and stroke recurrent rate. RESULTS: Of 1206 eligible patients, 1202 patients received at least one dose of HUK infusion and 983 (81.5%) completed the study. The incidence of treatment-emergent AEs and serious AEs were 55.99% and 2.41%, respectively. Pre-specified AEs of special interest occurred in 21.71% of patients, but the majority were mild and unrelated to therapy. Hypertension, age, treatment time, and drug combination were identified to be associated with drug-related blood pressure reduction. Neurological and functional evaluations revealed favorable outcomes from baseline to post-treatment assessment. The cumulative recurrence rate of stroke was 2.50% during the 90-day assessment. CONCLUSION: HUK had an acceptable safety and tolerability profile in AIS patients. Besides, HUK demonstrated the neurological and functional improvements in AIS, further confirming its clinical efficacy in a real-world large population.

18.
Cartilage ; : 19476035211044820, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493119

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to observe the effect of autophagy in tibial plateau chondrocytes on apoptosis in spontaneous knee osteoarthritis (OA) in guinea pigs. DESIGN: Fifty 2-month-old female Hartley guinea pigs were divided into a normal group (10 animals, all euthanized after 7 months) and an OA group (40 animals, 10 of which were euthanized after 10 months). Immunohistochemistry, RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to evaluate autophagy levels, intracellular glycogen accumulation and apoptosis in tibial plateau chondrocytes in vivo and in vitro. The remaining 30 guinea pigs in the OA group were divided into 3 groups: a rapamycin group, a normal saline group, and a 3-methyladenine (3-MA) group. Intracellular glycogen accumulation and chondrocyte apoptosis were assessed by altering the level of autophagy in chondrocytes in vivo. RESULTS: When spontaneous OA occurred in guinea pigs, autophagy levels in tibial plateau chondrocytes decreased, while intracellular glycogen accumulation and the rate of chondrocyte apoptosis increased. After enhancing the level of autophagy in tibial plateau chondrocytes in guinea pigs with OA, intracellular glycogen accumulation and the rate of chondrocyte apoptosis decreased, while inhibiting autophagy had the opposite effects. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the function of autophagy in chondrocytes may at least partly involve the catabolism of glycogen. In guinea pigs with OA, the level of autophagy in tibial plateau chondrocytes decreased, and chondrocytes were unable to degrade intracellular glycogen into glucose, leading to less energy for chondrocytes and increased apoptosis.

19.
Phytother Res ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494323

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of whole soy and purified daidzein on markers of thyroid function in Chinese postmenopausal women who were equol-producers. Total 270 eligible women were randomized to either one of the three isocaloric supplements: 40 g soy flour (whole soy group), 40 g low-fat milk powder +63 mg daidzein (daidzein group) or 40 g low-fat milk powder (placebo) daily for 6 months. Serum thyroid markers were tested at baseline and 6 months for thyroid stimulating hormone, free triiodothyronine, reverse triiodothyronine and free thyroxine (FT4). There was no significant difference in the 6-month changes of thyroid markers among the three groups. Subgroup analysis among women with lowered thyroid function suggested a modest decrease of FT4. This randomized controlled trial among Chinese equol-producing postmenopausal women indicates the consumption of whole soy and purified daidzein at the provided dosages are safe and have no detrimental effect on thyroid function.

20.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487297

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To derive and validate a prediction score for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in hemodialysis patients in China. METHODS: Three hundred and eighty-eight patients with regular hemodialysis for more than 3 months were recruited from January 1, 2015 to September 30, 2019 and followed up till May 31, 2020. We derived a prediction score using all participants as a training data set and validated using a bootstrap validation data set. Discriminatory ability of the prediction score was assessed by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). RESULTS: Of 388 patients without CVD at baseline, 132 developed first CVD events during an average follow-up of 3.27 (inter-quartile range = 3.08) years. Of 26 clinical parameters, age, hypertension, diabetes and abnormal white blood cell (WBC) count were identified as significant predictors and included in the prediction model. Compared to those without any of these risk factors, those with one, two, and three to four points showed increased risks of CVD, with the adjusted hazards ratio and 95% confidence interval (CI) being 3.29 (1.17-9.26), 7.42 (2.68-20.51) and 15.43 (5.44-43.75), respectively. The score showed satisfactory discriminatory ability in both training and validation data set (AUC = 0.7025, 95% CI 0.6520-0.7530, and 0.6876, 95% CI 0.6553-0.7200, respectively). CONCLUSION: We derived and validated a prediction score for CVD risk in hemodialysis patients in China. Given there is a rapid increase in the number of hemodialysis patients, this simple point score can be used to identify high-risk individuals in clinical practice for more precise and efficient personalized treatment.

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