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1.
Carcinogenesis ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643214

RESUMO

Genetic alterations in the cell cycle pathway are common in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). We identified four novel HNSCC susceptibility loci (CDKN1C rs452338, CDK4 rs2072052, E2F2 rs3820028 and E2F2 rs2075993) through a two-stage matched case-control study. There was a combined effect among the four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), as the number of risk genotypes increased, the risk of HNSCC displayed an increasing trend (Ptrend<0.001). And there were multiplicative interactions between rs452338 and rs2072052, rs2072052 and rs3820028, rs2072052 and rs2075993. Functional bioinformatics analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed that E2F2 rs2075993 T>C reduced the stability of E2F2 3'-UTR secondary structure and affected the binding of E2F2 to miR-940, which was up-regulated in HNSCC tumor tissues (P=2.9e-8) and was correlated with poor overall survival of HNSCC (HR=1.39, 95%CI=1.02-1.90). In vitro assays, we discovered that the expression of miR-940 was regulated by METTL3, and miR-940 promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion, and inhibited the senescence and autophagy of tumor cells. In terms of mechanism, compared with rs2075993 allele T, we found that the protective variant rs2075993 allele C interfered with the translational inhibition of E2F2 by miR-940, resulting in increased expression of E2F2 protein, which further reduced the proliferation, migration, invasion, and increased the senescence of tumor cells.

2.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 754-758, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622588

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect of polystyrene (PS) and PS-polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) electrospun materials on the adhesion ability of Porphyromonas gingivalis( P. gingivalis), a common periodontal pathogen. Methods: PS and PS-PVP electrospun materials were prepared with stainless steel needles in high-voltage electric field. The growth and adhesion of P. gingivalis on the surface of different materials were observed with scanning electron microscope (SEM). The changes in the amount of P. gingivalis biofilm formed on the surface of different materials were measured according to viable colony forming units (CFU). The effect of surface charge of the different materials on the adhesion ability of P. gingivalis was determined through changing the charge properties on the surface of the electrospun materials. Results: SEM images showed that both PS and PS-PVP can be used to form electrospun fibers with a diameter of 0.2 µm. SEM images and CFU counts of the biofilm at 24 h and 48 h showed that there was a smaller amount of P. gingivalis biofilm on the surface of the two materials ( P<0.05). After treatment with tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB), the surface charge of the PS-PVP electrospun material changed from being negatively charged to being positively charged, and the amount of bacterial adhesion on the surface increased significantly in comparison to that of untreated PS and PS-PVP materials ( P<0.05). Conclusion: PS and PS-PVP electrospun materials can be used to reduce the adhesion ability of P. gingivalis on the surface of different materials, and this ability may be related to the surface charge properties of the materials.


Assuntos
Porphyromonas gingivalis , Povidona , Biofilmes , Fibras na Dieta , Poliestirenos , Povidona/farmacologia
3.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 844-848, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622603

RESUMO

Objective: To compare and analyze the clinical manifestations and sleep structure of children with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopneasyndrome (OSAHS) with different body mass index (BMI). Methods: 452 children who were diagnosed with OSAHS between December 2016 and February 2021 by the Department of Respiratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Soochow University were included in the study. All of them did polysomnography (PSG). They were divided, according to their BMI, into the normal BMI group, the overweight group, and the obesity group. Their clinical data and PSG results were collected. Results: 287 boys (63.5%) and 165 girls (36.5%) were enrolled, with their age ranging between 3 and 15, and the median age being 5.5 (4.5, 7.0). Their BMI ranged between 12.09 kg/m 2 and 38.48 kg/m 2, with the median being 16.29 kg/m 2. 275 cases (60.8%) had normal BMI, 76 cases (16.8%) were overweight, and 101 cases (22.3%) were obese. There was no significant difference in the distribution of clinical manifestations and severity of OSAHS among the three groups. The duration and proportion of rapid eye movement (REM) stage sleep in the obese group was lower than that of the overweight and the normal BMI groups ( P<0.05). The lowest oxyhemoglobin saturation (LSaO 2) of children in the overweight group was lower than that of the normal BMI group ( P=0.050). The oxygen desaturation index (ODI) of the obese group was higher than that of the normal BMI and the overweight groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion: Obesity worsens the degree of hypoxia in children with OSAHS and affects their sleep structure.


Assuntos
Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polissonografia , Sono , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Sono REM
4.
Chaos ; 31(9): 093110, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598460

RESUMO

Noise-induced escape in a 2D generalized Maier-Stein model with two parameters µ and α is investigated in the weak noise limit. With the WKB approximation, the patterns of extreme paths and singularities are displayed. By employing the Freidlin-Wentzell action functional and the asymptotic series, critical parameters α inducing singularity bifurcation are determined analytically for µ=1. The switching line will appear with singularities and is equivalent to the sliding set in the Filippov system. The pseudo-saddle-node bifurcation on the switching line is found. Then, when -1<µ<1, it is found that all bifurcation values α will decrease as µ decreases and the second-order bifurcation values are bigger than all first-order ones. In addition, the variation of the switching line is also analyzed and a new switching line will emerge when the location of the minimum quasi-potential on the boundary changes. At last, when the noise is anisotropic, only the noise intensity ratio will affect the bifurcation value α.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593311

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effects of nasal high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (NHFOV) and noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) as the initial postextubation therapies on preventing extubation failure (EF) in high-risk infants younger than three months after congenital heart surgery (CHS). DESIGN: This was a single-center, randomized, unblinded clinical trial. SETTING: The study was performed in a teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Between January 2020 and January 2021, a total of 150 infants underwent CHS in the authors' hospital. INTERVENTIONS: Infants younger than three months with a high risk for extubation failure who were ready for extubation were randomized to either an NHFOV therapy group or an NIPPV therapy group, and received the corresponding noninvasive mechanical ventilation to prevent EF. MEASUREMENTS: Primary outcomes were reintubation, long-term noninvasive ventilation (NIV) support (more than 72 hours), and the time in NIV therapy. The secondary outcomes were adverse events, including mild-moderate hypercapnia, severe hypercapnia, severe hypoxemia, treatment intolerance, signs of discomfort, unbearable dyspnea, inability to clear secretions, emesis, and aspiration. MAIN RESULTS: Of 92 infants, 45 received NHFOV therapy, and 47 received NIPPV therapy after extubation. There were no significant differences between the NHFOV and the NIPPV therapy groups in the incidences of reintubation, long-term NIV support, and total time under NIV therapy. No significant difference was found of the severe hypercapnia between the two groups, but NHFOV treatment significantly decreased the rate of mild-moderate hypercapnia (p < 0.05). Other outcomes were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among infants younger than three months after CHS who had undergone extubation, NIPPV therapy and NHFOV therapy were the equivalent NIV strategies for preventing extubation failure, and NHFOV therapy was more effective in avoiding mild-moderate hypercapnia.

6.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(5): 576-581, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636207

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to investigate the microstructure and mechanical properties of dental zirconia manufactured by digital light processing (DLP) 3D printing and the clinical application prospects of this material. METHODS: The experiment (DLP) group was zirconia manufactured by DLP 3D printing, and the control (MILL) group was milled zirconia. The density, grain size, and phase composition were measured to study the microstructure. Flexural strength was measured by using three-point bending tests, while Vickers hardness was determined through a Vickers hardness tester. Fracture toughness was tested using the single-edge V-notched beam method. RESULTS: Zirconia density of the DLP group was (6.019 8±0.021 3) g·cm-3, and the average grain size was (0.603 0±0.032 6) µm, but without statistical difference with the corresponding values of the MILL group (P>0.05). Tetragonal phase was found in the X-ray diffraction patterns of the DLP and MILL groups. The flexural strength of the DLP group was (1 012.7±125.5) MPa, and Vickers hardness was (1 238.5±10.8) HV1, which was slightly lower than that of the MILL group (P<0.05). The fracture toughness of the DLP group was (7.22±0.81) MPa·m1/2, which was not statistically different from that of the MILL group (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Zirconia manufactured by DLP 3D printing had microstructure and mechanical properties similar to those of the milled zirconia. Only the flexural strength and the Vickers hardness of the experimental zirconia were slightly lower than those of the milled zirconia. Therefore, DLP-manufactured zirconia has a promising future for clinical use.


Assuntos
Porcelana Dentária , Zircônio , Teste de Materiais , Impressão Tridimensional
7.
Cardiol Young ; : 1-5, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645537

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between religious beliefs and mental state, care burden, and quality of life in parents of infantile patients with CHD. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a provincial hospital in Fujian, China. In this study, 114 parents of infant patients with CHD were successfully enrolled. Data were collected using the Duke University Religion Index, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview, and 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey. RESULTS: The organisational religious activity, non-organisational religious activity, and intrinsic religiosity of parents were significantly related to the care burden and quality of life, and the two dimensions of non-organisational religious activity and intrinsic religiosity of parents were significantly related to their anxiety symptoms. No association was found between parents' religious beliefs and their depressive symptoms. Among Buddhist parents, non-organisational religious activity and intrinsic religiosity reduced the care burden and improved quality of life. Among Christian parents, organisational religious activity and non-organisational religious activity were found to reduce the care burden, while organisational religious activity and intrinsic religiosity were found to improve quality of life. There was no correlation between the sub-dimensions of religious beliefs and a negative impact on the care process in Muslim parents. CONCLUSION: Religious beliefs have a protective effect on the parents of infant patients with CHD. They help relieve parents' anxiety, reduce their care burden, and improve their quality of life. In addition, different religious beliefs have different dimensions of influence on caregivers.

8.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 34(3): 1003-1010, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602425

RESUMO

Rhizoma Musa (the Rhizome of Musa basjoo Sied.et Zucc.) is used as a traditional medical herb of Miao nationality in Guizhou province, in China. It has the efficacy of clearing heat and detoxifying, quenching thirst, diuresis, etc. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that it has hypoglycemic, inhibition of α-glucosidase, and anti-inflammatory activity. However, when the rhizomes of Musa basjoo are dug up, the rhizomes are unable regenerate, and the pseudostem and leaf are discarded, which not only pollutes the environment, but also causes a huge waste of herb resources. In this study, a UPLC-ELSD fingerprint analysis with chemometric method was applied for the evaluation of chemical similarity among rhizome, pseudostem and leaf of Musa Basjoo. The results indicated that the combined method could efficiently analyze and compare the chemical similarity among rhizome, pseudostem, and leaf of Musa Basjoo. The proposed method provides the foundation for the resource substitution of the rhizome, pseudostem, and leaf of Musa Basjoo.

9.
Circ Res ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615369

RESUMO

Rationale: Plaque instability remains poorly understood and new therapeutic approaches to reduce plaque rupture and subsequent clinical events are of great interest. Recent studies revealed an important role of phenotypic switching of smooth muscle cells (SMC) in controlling plaque stability, including extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition. Objective: The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of hyaluronan (HA) derived from SMC-HA synthase 3 (Has3), in phenotypic switching and plaque stability in an animal model of atherosclerosis. Methods and Results: A mouse line with SMC-specific deletion of Has3 and simultaneous SMC lineage tracing (eYFP) on an Apoe-/- background was used. Lineage tracing of SMC with eYFP revealed that SMC-specific deletion of Has3 significantly increased the number of galectin-3 (LGALS3+) "transition-state" SMC and decreased alpha-smooth muscle actin (ACTA2+) SMC. Notably, SMC-Has3 deletion led to significantly increased collagen deposition and maturation within the fibrous cap (FC) and the whole lesion, as evidenced by Picrosirius red staining and LC-PolScope analysis. Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) of brachiocephalic artery (BCA) lesions demonstrated that the loss of SMC-Has3 enhanced the transition of SMC to an Lgals3+, ECM-producing phenotype with elevated acute-phase response gene expression. Experiments using cultured murine aortic SMC revealed that blocking cluster of differentiation-44 (CD44), an important HA binding receptor, recapitulated the enhanced acute-phase response and synthesis of fibrous ECM. Conclusions: These studies provide evidence that the deletion of SMC-Has3 results in an ECM-producing "transition state" SMC phenotype (characterized by LGALS3+ expression), likely via reduced CD44 signaling, resulting in increased collagen formation and maturation, an index consistent with increased plaque stability.

10.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118306, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634401

RESUMO

Slaughter wastewater is an important and wide range of environmental issues, and even threaten human health through meat production. A high efficiency and stability microsphere-immobilized Bacillus velezensis strain was designed to remove organic matter and inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria in process of slaughter wastewater. Bacillus velezensis was immobilized on the surface of sodium alginate (SA)/Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/Nano Zinc Oxide (Nano-ZnO) microsphere with the adhesion to bio-carrier through direct physical adsorption. Results indicated that SA/PVA/ZnO and SA/ZnO microspheres could inhibit E.coli growth with adding 0.15 g/L nano-ZnO and not affect Bacillus velezensis strain, and the removal the chemical oxygen demand (COD) rates of SA/PVA/ZnO microsphere immobilized cells are 16.99%, followed by SA/ZnO (13.69%) and free bacteria (7.61%) from 50% concentration slaughter wastewater within 24 h at 37 °C, pH 7.0, and 120 rpm, a significant difference was found between the microsphere and control group. Moreover, when the processing time reaches 36 h, COD degradation of SA/PVA/ZnO microsphere is obviously higher than other groups (SA/PVA/ZnO:SA/ZnO:control vs 18.535 : 15.446: 10.812). Similar results were obtained from 30% concentration slaughter wastewater. Moreover, protein degradation assay was detected, and there are no significant difference (SA/PVA/ZnO:SA/ZnO:control vs 35.4 : 34.4: 36.0). The design of this strategy could greatly enhance the degradation efficiency, inhibit the growth of other bacteria and no effect on the activity of protease in slaughter wastewater. These findings suggested that the nano-ZnO hydrogel immobilization Bacillus velezensis system wastewater treatment is a valuable alternative method for the remediation of pollutants from slaughter wastewater with a novel and eco-friendly with low-cost investment as an advantage.

11.
Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol ; 6(5): 1228-1234, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34667869

RESUMO

Objectives: We aimed to construct an induction system for polyploid giant cancer cells (PGCCs), as well as to investigate PGCC features and clinical significance. Methods: A laryngeal neoplasm-PGCC induction system was constructed using paclitaxel liposomes (PTX). We used western blots to compare expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related proteins, stem cell interrelated proteins, and cyclin-associated proteins. We then measured PGCC count in tissue samples of patients with laryngeal neoplasms and analyzed its relationship with prognosis. Statistical significance was determined using t-tests. Results: PTX successfully induced PGCCs. Western blotting showed that CyclinB1, CDC25C, CDK1, E-cadherin, and EIF-4A expression decreased in PGCCs compared with normal cancer cells, whereas vimentin and CD133 expression increased. Number of PGCCs in laryngeal cancer tissues and overall survival time were inversely correlated (P < .05). Conclusions: PTX successfully induces PGCC formation in laryngeal carcinoma, which may be the cause of poor prognosis in patients with laryngeal cancer.Level of Evidence: 4.

12.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-12, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498975

RESUMO

Five new glycosides including mimenghuasu A and B (1-2), isolinarin (3), cyclocitralosides A and B (4-5), along with forty-seven known compounds were isolated from the flower buds of Buddleja officinalis. These structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis (UV, IR, 1 D, 2 D NMR, and MS spectra). The anti-inflammatory activities of the isolated compounds were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on the expression of TNF-α (LPS-activated RAW264.7 cells) and MTT experiment on LPS-induced HUVECs proliferation effects. Good suppressive effects on the expression of TNF-α were shown by 4 and 5 with IC50 values of 19.35 and 22.10 µM, respectively, compared to positive control indomethacin (IC50 16.40 µM). In addition to this, some isolated compounds exhibited excellent antioxidant activities including compounds 16, 18, 29, 39, and 47 (IC50 µM: 82.59, 72.94, 33.65, 46.67, and 20.81, respectively) with almost the same or stronger potency with reference to vitamin C as positive control (IC50 81.83 µM).

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4293-4299, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467744

RESUMO

Fourteen classical prescriptions in the Catalog of 100 Ancient Classical Prescriptions(First Batch) promulgated in 2018 contain Chuanxiong Rhizoma, which reveals the high medicinal value and wide application of Chuanxiong Rhizoma. This paper systematically reviews the ancient herbal books and modern literature to explore the name, origin, genuine producing area, medicinal part, harvesting, and processing of Chuanxiong Rhizoma, thus facilitating the development of classical prescriptions containing Chuan-xiong Rhizoma. It is confirmed that Chuanxiong Rhizoma, formerly known as "Xiongqiong" in Chinese, was first called "Chuanxiong" in late Tang Dynasty, which has been gradually accepted as its official name due to the rise of the status of Chuanxiong Rhizoma produced in Sichuan. The main original plant of Chuanxiong Rhizoma in past dynasties has always been deemed to be Ligusticum chuan-xiong(Umbellifera), whose rhizome serves as the medicinal part. In general, it is best harvested in summer but the harvesting time can vary with different growth environments. Since the Song Dynasty, Sichuan province has been recognized as the genuine producing area of Chuanxiong Rhizoma in light of the high yield and good quality. It is suggested that Chuanxiong Rhizoma from Sichuan be used preferentially in the development of classical prescriptions. There are multiple processing methods of Chuanxiong Rhizoma recorded in ancient medical classics, and the raw(after purifying and slicing) or wine-processed or stir-fried Chuanxiong Rhizoma is still in use today. In the development of classical prescriptions containing Chuanxiong Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma is advised to be processed in accordance with current processing standards if the specific processing method is described in the medical classics. If not, the raw Chuanxiong Rhizoma is preferred and then processed following the processing standards of Chuanxiong Rhizoma decoction pieces in Chinese Pharmacopoeia.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Rizoma , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Prescrições
14.
J Card Surg ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477246

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of music therapy on infants who underwent mechanical ventilation after cardiac surgery. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in a provincial hospital in southeast China. The subjects were randomly divided into the music therapy (MT) group and the control group. Both groups were given standardized sedation treatment and routine nursing. Infants in the MT group received 60 min of MT three times a day. The sedation medication, Richmond sedation agitation scale (RASS) score, incidence of delirium, mechanical ventilation duration, length of cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) stay, restraint belt use time, and successful ventilation withdrawal rate were collected. RESULTS: Infants in the control group had a higher total amount of on-demand midazolam (p = .039). Infants in the MT group had a significantly lower incidence of delirium, shorter mechanical ventilation duration, and restraint band use time (p = .047, p = .046, and p = .038, respectively). Although infants in the MT group had a higher success rate of ventilation withdrawal, lower RASS scores, and shorter ICU stay, the difference was not statistically significant (p = .427, p = .585, and p = .068, respectively). CONCLUSION: MT in the ICU can reduce the use of on-demand sedative drugs, shorten mechanical ventilation, and reduce the occurrence of delirium in infants who underwent mechanical ventilation after cardiac surgery. MT is a safe and reliable treatment and worthy of clinical application.

15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3893-3899, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472265

RESUMO

To explore the protective effect and mechanism of ethyl acetate extract from Bidens bipinnata on hepatocyte damage induced by endoplasmic reticulum stress. Tunicamycin was used to establish the damage model in L02 cells. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) colorimetric assay was used to investigate the survival rate of ethyl acetate extract from B. bipinnata in L02 cells injury induced by endoplasmic reticulum stress; the protein expressions of endoplasmic reticulum stress-related molecule glucose regulated protein 78(GRP78), PKR-like ER kinase(PERK), eukaryotic initiation factor-2(eIF2α), activating transcription factor 4(ATF4), C/EBP homologous protein(CHOP), B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2(Bcl-2), Bal-2 associated X apoptosis regulator(Bax) were examined by Wes-tern blot. The expressions of the above proteins were also detected after endoplasmic reticulum stress inhibitor(4-phenyl butyric acid) and CHOP shRNA-mediated knockdowns were added. The expressions of GRP78, PERK, CHOP in L02 cells were observed by immunofluorescence method. The results showed that ethyl acetate extract from B. bipinnata could significantly increase the survival rate of L02 cell injury caused by endoplasmic reticulum stress in a dose and time-dependent manner(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The expression levels of GRP78, PERK, eIF2α, ATF4, CHOP and Bax in the drug treatment groups were significantly down-regulated(P<0.05 or P<0.01), while Bcl-2 was significantly up-regulated(P<0.01). After endoplasmic reticulum stress inhibitor and CHOP shRNA-mediated knockdowns were added, the expression levels of GRP78, PERK, eIF2α, ATF4, CHOP, Bax in the drug treatment groups were significantly down-regulated(P<0.01), whereas Bcl-2 was significantly up-regulated(P<0.01). Immunofluorescence results showed that the expressions of GRP78, PERK, CHOP were consistent with the Western blot method. In conclusion, ethyl acetate extract from B. bipinnata has a significant protective effect on the damage of L02 cells caused by endoplasmic reticulum stress. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum stress and the down-regulation of apoptosis in cells through the PERK/eIF2α/ATF4/CHOP signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Bidens , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Acetatos , Apoptose , Hepatócitos , Fator de Transcrição CHOP/genética , eIF-2 Quinase/genética
16.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(8): 671-8, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472752

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) preconditioning of "Shenmen" (HT7)-"Tongli" (HT5) segment of the Heart Meridian on neuronal electrical activities of lateral hypothalamus area (LHA) in rats with myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI), so as to investigate its possible mechanism underlying improvement of MIRI. METHODS: Twenty-four SD rats were randomly divided into sham, model, EA and damage + EA (D+EA) groups, with 6 rats in each group. The MIRI model was established by occlusion of the anterior descending branch (ADB) of the left coronary artery for 30 min, followed by reperfusion for 2 h. In the sham operation group, the ADB was only threaded beneath the artery without ligation. EA (2 Hz, 1 V) was applied to bilateral HT7-HT5 for 20 min, once daily for 7 days. In the D+EA group, FN was injected with 0.4 µL of 1 g/L kainic acid solution. Electrocardiogram (ECG) of the neck-thoracic lead was recorded by using PowerLab. The electrical activities of the LHA region were recorded by the implanted microelectrode array (2×4) and Plexon multi-channel acquisition system. Cluster analysis of neuronal signals was carried out by Offline Sorter software. The discharge waveforms, autocorrelation and cross-correlation of neuronal activities were analyzed by using Neuro Explorer software. RESULTS: Compared with the sham group, the ECG-ST height was significantly increased (P<0.05), the discharge frequency of pyramidal neurons was significantly reduced (P<0.01), while the discharge frequency of interneurons was increased (P<0.01) in the model group. After EA treatment, the ECG-ST height was significantly decreased (P<0.05), the discharge frequency of pyramidal neurons was significantly increased (P<0.01) relevant to the model group. In comparison with the EA group, the ECG-ST height in the D+EA group was significantly elevated (P<0.05), whereas the discharge frequency of pyramidal neurons was significantly decreased (P<0.01). The discharge frequency of interneurons was kept increasing after MIRI. Real-time spectrum analysis showed that the local field potential spectrum energy of the EA group was significantly lower than that of the model group and the D+EA group. CONCLUSION: EA preconditioning of Heart Meridian can significantly increase the discharge frequency of LHA excitatory pyramidal neurons and reduce the energy of the local field potential spectrum, which maybe one of the important mechanisms of EA in anti -MIRI.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Isquemia Miocárdica , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Região Hipotalâmica Lateral , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
17.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480336

RESUMO

The Notch signaling pathway plays an important role in the regulation of neurogenesis. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the Notch signaling pathway was involved in the neurogenesis impairment and long-term neurocognitive dysfunction caused by neonatal exposure to ketamine. On postnatal day 7 (PND-7), male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were intraperitoneally injected with 40 mg/kg ketamine four consecutive times (40 mg/kg × 4) at 1-h intervals. Notch ligand Jagged1 (0.5 mg/kg) and lentivirus overexpressing the Notch1 intracellular domain (LV-NICD1) were microinjected into the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) 1 h or 4 days before ketamine administration, respectively. The expression of Notch1 signaling pathway-related proteins was detected by Western blotting 24 h after ketamine administration. The proliferation and differentiation of the neural stem cells (NSCs) in the hippocampal DG were evaluated by double immunofluorescence staining 24 h after treatment. Moreover, changes in hippocampus-dependent spatial memory of 2-month-old rats were investigated with the Morris water maze test. Ketamine anesthesia in neonatal rats decreased the expression levels of Jagged1, Notch1, NICD1, and hairy enhancer of split 1 (Hes1); inhibited the proliferation and astrocytic differentiation of NSCs; and promoted the differentiation of neurons. Neonatal exposure to ketamine caused deficits in hippocampus-dependent spatial reference memory tasks in 2-month-old rats. Microinjection of Jagged1 or LV-NICD1 reversed the inhibitory effect of ketamine on the expression of Notch1-related proteins in the hippocampal DG, attenuated the ketamine-mediated decrease in NSC proliferation and differentiation, and improved the cognitive function of 2-month-old rats after neonatal exposure to ketamine. These results suggest that neonatal exposure to ketamine in rats inhibits the proliferation and differentiation of hippocampal NSCs and impairs neurocognitive function in adulthood. The Notch1 signaling pathway may be involved in the impairment of hippocampus-dependent learning and memory during adulthood caused by neonatal exposure to ketamine. These findings contribute to further understanding the neurotoxicity induced by neonatal exposure to ketamine and the underlying mechanisms.

18.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522004

RESUMO

Dysregulation of the Hippo signaling pathway seen in many types of cancer is usually associated with a poor prognosis. Paris saponin VII (PSVII) is a steroid saponin isolated from traditional Chinese herbs with therapeutic action against various human cancers. In this study we investigated the effects of PSVII on human breast cancer (BC) cells and its anticancer mechanisms. We showed that PSVII concentration-dependently inhibited the proliferation of MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-436 and MCF-7 BC cell lines with IC50 values of 3.16, 3.45, and 2.86 µM, respectively, and suppressed their colony formation. PSVII (1.2-1.8 µM) induced caspase-dependent apoptosis in the BC cell lines. PSVII treatment also induced autophagy and promoted autophagic flux in the BC cell lines. PSVII treatment decreased the expression and nuclear translocation of Yes-associated protein (YAP), a downstream transcriptional effector in the Hippo signaling pathway; overexpression of YAP markedly attenuated PSVII-induced autophagy. PSVII-induced, YAP-mediated autophagy was associated with increased active form of LATS1, an upstream effector of YAP. The activation of LATS1 was involved the participation of multiple proteins (including MST2, MOB1, and LATS1 itself) in an MST2-dependent sequential activation cascade. We further revealed that PSVII promoted the binding of LATS1 with MST2 and MOB1, and activated LATS1 in the BC cell lines. Molecular docking showed that PSVII directly bound to the MST2-MOB1-LATS1 ternary complex. Microscale thermophoresis analysis and drug affinity responsive targeting stability assay confirmed the high affinity between PSVII and the MST2-MOB1-LATS1 ternary complex. In mice bearing MDA-MB-231 cell xenograft, administration of PSVII (1.5 mg/kg, ip, 4 times/week, for 4 weeks) significantly suppressed the tumor growth with increased pLATS1, LC3-II and Beclin 1 levels and decreased YAP, p62 and Ki67 levels in the tumor tissue. Overall, this study demonstrates that PSVII is a novel and direct Hippo activator that has great potential in the treatment of BC.

19.
Urol Int ; : 1-11, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Activins and inhibins are structurally related dimeric glycoprotein hormones belonging to the transforming growth factor-ß superfamily but whether they are also involved in malignancy is far from clear. No study has reported the expression of INHBE in kidney cancer. The purpose of this study was to examine the expressions of INHBE in the tumor tissue of patients with clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and to explore the pathologic significance. METHODS: The INHBE mRNA expression in the tumor tissue of ccRCC patients was analyzed by using RNA sequencing data from the TCGA database. To examine the expression of inhibin ßE protein, 241 ccRCC patients were recruited and immunohistochemistry was performed on the tumor tissue of these patients along with 39 normal renal samples. The association between the inhibin ßE expression level and patient's clinicopathological indices was evaluated. RESULTS: In the normal renal tissue, inhibin ßE was found to be expressed mainly by renal tubular epithelial cells. In the tumor tissue, inhibin ßE was expressed mainly in cancer cells. The expressions of INHBE mRNA and protein in the tumor tissue of ccRCC patients increased significantly compared with those in normal renal samples. There was a significant correlation between the level of inhibin ßE in the tumor tissue and tumor grade. Patients with a lower inhibin ßE expression in the tumor tissue were found to have a longer overall survival and disease-specific survival. CONCLUSIONS: INHBE might be involved in the pathogenesis of ccRCC and function as a tumor promoter.

20.
Mass Spectrom Rev ; : e21734, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558119

RESUMO

Due to their involvement in numerous biochemical pathways, neuropeptides have been the focus of many recent research studies. Unfortunately, classic analytical methods, such as western blots and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, are extremely limited in terms of global investigations, leading researchers to search for more advanced techniques capable of probing the entire neuropeptidome of an organism. With recent technological advances, mass spectrometry (MS) has provided methodology to gain global knowledge of a neuropeptidome on a spatial, temporal, and quantitative level. This review will cover key considerations for the analysis of neuropeptides by MS, including sample preparation strategies, instrumental advances for identification, structural characterization, and imaging; insightful functional studies; and newly developed absolute and relative quantitation strategies. While many discoveries have been made with MS, the methodology is still in its infancy. Many of the current challenges and areas that need development will also be highlighted in this review.

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