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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16289, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261602

RESUMO

To improve the detection of prostate cancer (PCa) by combining the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADS v2) and prostate-specific antigen-age volume (PSA-AV), especially among those in gray zone with PI-RADS v2 score 3 or serum total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA) 4 to 10 ng/mL.The 357 patients were enrolled in this study. The PI-RADS v2 scoring system was used to represent characteristics on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI). PI-RADS v2 score 3 or tPSA 4 to 10 ng/mL were defined as the gray zone in detecting PCa. The formula equates to the patient age multiplied by the prostate volume, which is divided by the tPSA level. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done to ascertain significant predictors of prostate cancer.In all, 174 (48.7%) were benign prostatic hyperplasia, 183 (51.3%) had PCa. The results showed that PI-RADS v2, tPSA, and PSA-AV were significant independent predictors of prostate cancer. PI-RADS v2 score ≥4 could detect PCa with rate of 82.1%. Serum tPSA ≥10 ng/mL could detect PCa with rate of 66.2%, PSA density (PSAD) ≥0.15 ng/mL/cc with rate of 62.8%, and PSA-AV ≤250 with rate of 83.5%. Combining with PSA-AV ≤250, patients those with tPSA 4 to 10 ng/mL could improve the detection from 36.0% up to 81%, those with PI-RADS v2 score 3 from 28.6% up to 60.0%.PI-RADS v2 and PSA-AV are faithful variables for detecting PCa. And for patients, those in gray zones of PI-RADS v2 and tPSA, PSA-AV can improve detection rate of PCa.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tamanho do Órgão , Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(12)2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31248076

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is a concealed and highly malignant tumor, and its early diagnosis plays an increasingly weighty role during the course of cancer treatment. In this study, we developed a polymeric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) nanoplatform for MRI contrast agents. To improve tumor-targeting delivery of MRI contrast agents, we employed a pancreatic cancer targeting CKAAKN peptide to prepare a peptide-functionalized amphiphilic hyaluronic acid-vitamin E succinate polymer (CKAAKN-HA-VES) for delivering ultra-small superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO), namely, CKAAKN-HA-VES@USPIO. With the modification of the CKAAKN peptide, CKAAKN-HA-VES@USPIO could specifically internalize into CKAAKN-positive BxPC-3 cells. The CKAAKN-HA-VES@USPIO nanoparticles presented a more specific accumulation into pancreatic cancer cells than normal pancreatic cells, and an obvious decrease in signal intensity was observed in CKAAKN-positive BxPC-3 cells, compared with CKAAKN-negative HPDE6-C7 cells and non-targeting HA-VES@USPIO nanoparticles. The results demonstrated that our polymeric MRI nanoplatform could selectively internalize into CKAAKN-positive pancreatic cancer cells by the specific binding of CKAAKN peptide with pancreatic cancer cell membrane receptors, which provided a novel polymeric MRI contrast agent with high specificity for pancreatic cancer diagnosis, and makes it a very promising candidate for magnetic resonance imaging contrast enhancement.

3.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 3189-3201, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118631

RESUMO

Purpose: Early diagnosis is essential for reducing liver cancer mortality, and molecular diagnosis by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an emerging and promising technology. The chief aim of the present work is to use the ferritin gene, modified by the alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) promoter, carried by a highly safe vector, to produce signal contrast on T2-weighted MR imaging as an endogenous contrast agent, and to provide a highly specific target for subsequent therapy. Methods: Polyethyleneimine-ß-cyclodextrin (PEI-ß-CD, PC) was synthesized as a novel vector. The optimal nitrogen/phosphorus ratio (N/P) of the PC/plasmid DNA complex was determined by gel retardation, biophysical properties and transmission electron microscopy morphological analysis. The transfection efficiency was observed under a fluorescence microscope and analyzed by flow cytometry. Cellular iron accumulation caused by ferritin overexpression was verified by Prussian blue staining, and the resulting contrast imaging effect was examined by MRI. Results: The modified cationic polymer PC was much safer than high molecular weight PEI, and could condense plasmid DNA at an N/P ratio of 50 with suitable biophysical properties and a high transfection efficiency. Overexpression of ferritin enriched intracellular iron. The short-term iron imbalance initiated by AFP promoter regulation only occurred in hepatoma cells, resulting in signal contrast on MRI. The specific target TfR was also upregulated during this process. Conclusion: These results illustrate that the regulated ferritin gene carried by PC can be used as an endogenous contrast agent for MRI detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This molecular imaging technique may promote safer early diagnosis of HCC, and provide a more highly specific target for future chemotherapy drugs.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferritinas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Poliaminas/química , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Morte Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , DNA/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Ferro/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Tamanho da Partícula , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , Polietilenoimina/química , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Receptores da Transferrina/metabolismo , Eletricidade Estática
4.
Cancer Imaging ; 19(1): 26, 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To establish a new accumulating model to enhance the accuracy of prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis by incorporating prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and its derivative data into the Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADS v2). METHODS: A total of 357 patients who underwent prostate biopsy between January 2014 and December 2017 were included in this study. All patients had 3.0 T multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and complete laboratory examinations. PI-RADS v2 was used to assess the imaging. PSA, PSA density (PSAD), the free/total PSA ratio (f/t PSA) and the Gleason score (GS) were classified into four-tiered levels, and optimal weights were pursued on these managed levels to build a PCa accumulating model. A receiver operating characteristic curve was generated. RESULTS: In all, 174 patients (48.7%) had benign prostatic hyperplasia, and 183 (51.3%) had PCa, among whom 149 (81.4%, 149/183) had clinically significant PCa. The established model 6 (PI-RADS v2 + level of PSAD + level of f/t PSA+ level of PSA) had a sensitivity and specificity of 81.4 and 84.5%, respectively, at the cut-off point of 11 in PCa diagnosis. Correspondingly, at the 12 cut-off point, the sensitivity and specificity were 87.7 and 83.0%, respectively, in diagnosing clinically significant PCa. The score of the new accumulating system was significantly different among the defined GS groups (p < 0.001). The mean values and 95% confidence intervals for GS 1-4 groups were 10.20 (9.63-10.40), 12.03 (11.19-12.87), 14.12 (13.60-14.64) and 15.44 (15.09-15.79). CONCLUSIONS: A new PCa accumulating model may be useful in improving the accuracy of the primary diagnosis of PCa and helpful in the clinical decision to perform a biopsy when MRI results are negative.


Assuntos
Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Hiperplasia Prostática/sangue , Hiperplasia Prostática/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
5.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 44(7): 2466-2473, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937505

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study examined radiological imaging features of small (≤ 3 cm) and large (> 3 cm) adenosquamous carcinomas of the pancreas (PASC) lesions to better understand the morphology of these lesions. METHODS: Images from 110 patients with pathologically proven PASC (80 males and 30 females, mean age: 62.6 years) were retrospectively reviewed. Two radiologists analyzed images and reached a consensus regarding the following features: location, shape, margins, presence of solid and necrotic components, rim enhancement, density/intensity during the portal venous phase, invasion of surrounding organs, vascular invasion, venous tumor thrombus formation, and enlarged lymph nodes. Differences in the imaging features between the two groups were evaluated with the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: There were 41 small PASC lesions (mean age: 60.59 years) and 69 large PASC lesions (63.74 years). Statistical analysis demonstrated significant differences in the location, shape, adjacent organ and vessel invasion, and venous tumor thrombus formation (P < 0.05). Small PASC lesions were more frequently detected in the pancreatic head and had an ovoid shape. There was no significant difference in the presence of solid and necrotic components (P = 0.090), including approximately 3/4 of the lesions with necrosis and 1/4 purely solid lesions, enlarged lymph nodes (P = 0.068) and other features. CONCLUSION: Regardless of the tumor size, 75% of PASC lesions present with central necrosis while 25% are purely solid. Small PASC lesions can be associated with lymph node metastasis at a relatively early stage. Large PASC lesions are likely to invade adjacent tissues and be associated with venous tumor thrombus formation.

6.
Nano Lett ; 19(2): 829-838, 2019 02 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30605619

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) routinely causes the immediate loss and disruption of neurons followed by complicated secondary injuries, including inflammation, oxidative stress, and dense glial scar formation. Inhibitory factors in the lesion scar and poor intrinsic neural regeneration capacity restrict functional recovery after injury. Minocycline, which has neuroprotective activity, can alleviate secondary injury, but the long-term administration of this drug may cause toxicity. Polysialic acid (PSA) is a large cell-surface carbohydrate that is critical for central nervous system development and is capable of promoting precursor cell migration, axon path finding, and synaptic remodeling; thus, PSA plays a vital role in tissue repair and regeneration. Here, we developed a PSA-based minocycline-loaded nanodrug delivery system (PSM) for the synergistic therapy of spinal cord injury. The prepared PSM exerted marked anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective activities both in vitro and in vivo. The administration of PSM could significantly protect neurons and myelin sheaths from damage, reduce the formation of glial scar, recruit endogenous neural stem cells to the lesion site, and promote the regeneration of neurons and the extension of long axons throughout the glial scar, thereby largely improving the locomotor function of SCI rats and exerting a superior therapeutic effect. The findings might provide a novel strategy for SCI synergistic therapy and the utilization of PSA in other central nervous system diseases.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Portadores de Fármacos/uso terapêutico , Minociclina/uso terapêutico , Regeneração Nervosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Ácidos Siálicos/uso terapêutico , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Micelas , Neurônios/citologia , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/patologia , Ratos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/patologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia
7.
Oncologist ; 2018 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30459238

RESUMO

LESSONS LEARNED: Modification of FOLFIRINOX significantly improves safety and tolerability in Chinese patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer.Patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer benefit from neoadjuvant therapy and experience a much better survival than patients with upfront surgery. BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of modified-FOLFIRINOX (mFOLFIRINOX) regimens in Chinese patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) and to compare outcomes between patients with LAPC treated with mFOLFIRINOX-based neoadjuvant therapy (LAPC-N) and patients with LAPC who underwent upfront surgery (LAPC-S). METHODS: Forty-one patients with LAPC-N were enrolled prospectively. Imaging features, chemotherapy response, adverse events, perioperative complications, histology, and survival were analyzed. Seventy-four patients with resectable pancreatic cancer (RPC) (from April 2012 to November 2017) and 19 patients with LAPC-S (from April 2012 to March 2014) were set as observational cohorts, and data were collected retrospectively. LAPC-N patients with adequate response underwent surgical treatment, whereas continuous chemotherapy was given to LAPC-N patients who were not deemed resectable after treatment, and the response was re-evaluated every 2 months. RESULTS: Forty-one patients with LAPC received mFOLFIRINOX with a response rate of 37.1%. The most common severe adverse events were neutropenia and anemia. mFOLFIRINOX-based neoadjuvant therapy contributed to a remarkable decrease in CA19-9 level and tumor diameter. Fourteen LAPC-N patients underwent surgery (LAPC-N-S) after downstaging. Compared with LAPC-N-S cases, LAPC-S patients had longer operative time, more blood loss, and a higher risk of grade 5 complications. The median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of LAPC-N-S patients were 27.7 months and 19.3 months, respectively, which were similar to those of patients with RPC (30.0 months and 23.0 months) and much longer than those of patients with LAPC-S (8.9 months and 7.6 months), respectively. CONCLUSION: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy such as the mFOLFIRINOX regimen can be recommended for Chinese patients with LAPC after dose modification. Patients with LAPC-N who underwent surgery obtained significantly improved survival compared with patients in the observational LAPC-S cohort, who did not undergo neoadjuvant therapy.

8.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 8(8): 770-780, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30306057

RESUMO

Background: Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) acts as a negative contrast agent in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and is widely used in clinical applications, including the diagnosis of hepatic diseases. Hepatocyte-targeted magnetic resonance contrast agents (MRCAs) can provide useful information for evaluating hepatic diseases. We prepared targeted magnetic nanostructured lipid carriers (MNLCs) to enhance the hepatocytes targeting efficiency. Methods: In vitro characterizations of MNLCs were determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The cytotoxicity assay of the MNLCs was measured by methyl tetrazolium (MTT) method. The uptaken study was measured by confocal microscopy, flow cytometry and MRI in vitro. The enhanced liver-targeting efficiency of MNLCs was measured by fluorescence imaging and MRI in vivo. Results: Gal-NLC-SPIO was prepared successfully. The cytotoxicity assay of the MNLCs demonstrated that the MNLC had relatively low cytotoxicity and high biocompatibility for LO2 cells. More importantly, we confirmed that Gal-NLC-SPIO had greater uptake by LO2 cells than Gal-NLC-SPIO/PEG and free Gal in vitro. A liver distribution study of MNLCs in normal mice demonstrated that the fluorescent signal values to livers of the Gal-NLC-SPIO were significantly stronger than those of NLC-SPIO and Gal-NLC-SPIO/PEG. The liver targeting efficiency of Gal-NLC-SPIO was confirmed both in vitro and in vivo. Conclusions: We successfully developed liver-targeting MNLCs, which showed accurate hepatocytes targeting, and thus have the potential to be a new MRI contrast agent to help the diagnosis of liver diseases.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(38): 31903-31914, 2018 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30178997

RESUMO

Both targeted and stimuli-sensitive drug-delivery systems (DDSs) have been developed to augment antitumor effects. However, lack of knowledge regarding tumor tissue targeting and different effects of the stimuli-sensitive DDSs in orthotropic and ectopic tumors have impeded further advances in their clinical applications. Herein, we first reported a pH-triggered micelle with sialic acid (SA)-driven targeting ability (SA-poly(ethylene glycol)-hydrazone linker-doxorubicin (DOX), SPD). The SPD micelles encapsulated with DOX (SPDD) showed sustained drug release over 48 h in response to the pH gradient in vivo, slow under physical conditions and accelerated in the acid tumor microenvironment. In addition, the SPD micelles showed 2.3-fold higher accumulation in tumors after 48 h compared to the micelles lacking the SA moiety. The overexpression of E-selectin on the inflammatory vascular endothelial cells surrounding the tumors increased the accumulation of SPD micelles in tumor tissues, whereas that on the tumor cells increased the internalization of micelles. Consequently, SPDD micelles exerted remarkable antitumor effects in both orthotopic and ectopic models. Application of SPDD micelles in the in situ model reduced the tumor volume (77.57 mm3 vs 62.13 mm3) and metastasis after treatment for 25 days. These results suggest that SA-driven targeted DDS with a pH-responsive switch has the potential to treat hepatocarcinoma effectively both ectopically and orthotopically.

10.
Eur J Radiol ; 106: 167-172, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30150040

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess a new imaging feature that we have named the extracapsular cystic sign which can make a constructive contribution towards differentiating serous cystic neoplasms (SCNs) from other pancreatic cystic lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 177 CTs/MRIs of patients who underwent pancreatic resection of cystic lesions at two institutions from January 2011/2013, to September 2017. For each patient, demographic information, clinical presentation, especially imaging features were carefully investigated by two experienced abdominal radiologists, retrospectively. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS V.23.0. RESULTS: Twenty-one lesions had extracapsular cystic signs which were newly discovered, 17 (28.3%) of 60 SCNs and 4 (3.4%) (mucinous cystic neoplasm = 1, walled-off necrosis = 2, retention cyst = 1) of 117 Non-SCNs were included, from which indicating that the extracapsular cystic sign was more often detected on SCNs. As for 21 lesions, 86% (n = 18) were females, and mean age at diagnosis was 51.2 years. 71% (n = 15) located in the pancreatic body and tail. Average size was 27.2 mm (23.7-53.4), mean (SD) ratio of biggest daughter cyst to mother cyst was 0.51[0.14] (p = 0.99), average (SD) angle between two of them was 105.5° [14.9] (p = 0.84). The average time interval between last imaging examination and surgery was 8.4 days. CONCLUSIONS: The new sign named the extracapsular cystic sign in SCNs may help differentiate SCNs from other pancreatic cystic lesions. Furthermore, this study supports an original diagnosis for SCNs when the sign of extracapsular cyst appears.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pâncreas/diagnóstico por imagem , Pâncreas/patologia , Cisto Pancreático/diagnóstico por imagem , Cisto Pancreático/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Nanomedicine ; 14(7): 2167-2178, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30017962

RESUMO

Effective treatment and real-time monitoring of hepatic cancer are essential. A multifunctional calcium phosphate nanoparticles loading chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin and magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid gadolinium (A54-CaP/Gd-DTPA/DOX) was developed for visual targeted therapy of hepatic cancer via T1-weighted MRI in real-time. A54-CaP/Gd-DTPA/DOX exhibited a higher longitudinal relaxivity (6.02 mM-1 s-1) than commercial MR contrast agent Gd-DTPA (3.3765 mM-1 s-1). The DOX release from the nanoparticles exhibited a pH dependent behavior. The cellular uptake results showed that the internalization of A54-CaP/Gd-DTPA/DOX into BEL-7402 cells was1.9-fold faster than that of HepG2 cells via A54 binding. In vivo experiments presented that A54-CaP/Gd-DTPA/DOX had higher distribution and longer retention time in tumor tissue than CaP/Gd-DTPA/DOX and free DOX, and also displayed great antitumor efficacy (95.38% tumor inhibition rate) and lower toxicity. Furthermore, the Gd-DTPA entrapped in the nanoparticles could provide T1-weighted MRI for real-time monitoring the progress of tumor treatment.

12.
HPB (Oxford) ; 20(11): 1034-1043, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29929784

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic head adenocarcinoma is commonly diagnosed at an advanced stage when adjacent vascular invasion is present. This study aimed to establish a preoperative prognostic nomogram for patients who underwent attempted curative resectional surgery for pancreatic head cancer with suspected peripancreatic venous invasion. METHODS: Data on all consecutive patients were retrospectively collected from 2012 to 2016 at four academic institutions. The demographic and radiological parameters were analyzed using univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. The final nomogram was established using the concordance Harrell's C-indices and calibration curves from data obtained in three institutions and validated in the cohort of patients coming from the fourth institution. RESULTS: The nomogram was constructed using data from 178 patients while the validation cohort consisted of 61 patients. Age, length of tumor contact, peripancreatic venous abnormalities and lymph node staging were independent factors of overall survival. The nomogram showed good probabilities of survival on calibration curves. The C-index of the model in predicting overall survival (OS) was 0.824 for the validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram accurately predicted OS in patients with pancreatic head cancer with suspected peripancreatic venous invasion after attempted curative pancreatic resectional surgery.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(21): e10783, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29794760

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ciliated retroperitoneal foregut cysts are rare, and to obtain a preoperative definitive diagnosis of this condition is relatively difficult. In addition, the exact mechanism and formation of ciliated retroperitoneal foregut cysts remains unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report a case of a 47-year-old woman who presented with an unusual shaped cystic lesion associated with a patch of solid components between the pancreas and the left kidney, initially misdiagnosed as a cystic pancreatic lesion 5 years previously to presentation at our clinic. During the past years, reports relating to the surveillance of these lesions described that their shapes progressively change while its volumes remain invariably unchanged. We did not observe this phenomenon in any literatures to our knowledge. The patient was diagnosed with ciliated retroperitoneal foregut cyst with remote hemorrhage, after the laparoscopic surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Ciliated retroperitoneal foregut cysts have characteristic manifestations. From this case, we summarized that cysts in the retroperitoneum, associated with a changing shape of the lesion, highly suggest the diagnosis of foregut cysts, which are safe under long-term surveillance.


Assuntos
Gastroenteropatias/diagnóstico , Cisto Pancreático/diagnóstico , Espaço Retroperitoneal/patologia , Trato Gastrointestinal Superior/anormalidades , Cistos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gastroenteropatias/cirurgia , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pâncreas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
14.
Oncol Lett ; 15(1): 195-204, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29399138

RESUMO

The lymphadenitis associated with cat-scratch disease (CSD) is often confused with neoplasms by a number of radiologists and clinicians, and consequently, unnecessary invasive procedures or surgeries are performed. In the present study, the contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of 10 patients (6 men and 4 women) with clinically and pathologically confirmed lymphadenitis associated with CSD were retrospectively analyzed (CT in 3 patients, MRI in 6 patients, and CT and MRI in 1 patient) at The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine (Hangzhou, China) between January 2007 and November 2014. As a result, 17 enlarged lymph nodes were identified in 10 cases. The 5 nodes identified by CT scan exhibited relatively inhomogeneous isodensity to muscle, with patchy low density in the center. All 14 nodes identified by MRI scan exhibited homogeneous or heterogeneous isointensity to muscle or slightly increased intensity compared with that of muscle on T1-weighted images (T1WI), and homogeneous or heterogeneous hyperintensity on fat-suppressed T2WI. Following enhancement, all 17 enlarged lymph nodes associated with CSD demonstrated the following 3 different enhancement patterns: Moderate homogeneous enhancement (n=8), which was associated with histologically identified early disease stage; marked heterogeneous enhancement with no enhancement of the necrotic areas (n=4), and heterogeneous enhancement with progressively 'spoke-wheel-like' (defined as radiating enhancement from the center) enhancement of the patchy low-density area (n=1), which was associated with histologically identified intermediate disease stage; and astral low-density/hypointensity with marked enhancement (n=2) or a 'rose flower' sign (n=2), which was associated with histologically identified late disease stage. We hypothesized that the CT and MRI results of lymphadenitis in CSD may be associated with the pathological features. It may be suggested that the diagnosis of CSD may be formed when considering the characteristic CT and MRI features of astral low-density/hypointensity with marked enhancement or a 'rose flower' sign (defined as marginal petaloid enhancement) in the late disease stage, or the MRI results of homogeneous, moderate enhancement in the early disease stage, or the CT/MRI data of heterogeneous enhancement with non-enhancing area in the center in the intermediate disease stage, in solitary or multiple enlarged lymph nodes associated with general subcutaneous edema in the vicinity of the nodes on CT/MRI and with a history of cat exposure.

15.
Oncol Lett ; 14(4): 4213-4219, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28943929

RESUMO

The intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma (IMCC) is frequently misdiagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with cirrhosis, by numerous radiologists and clinical doctors, which results in the incorrect therapeutic treatment. A retrospective case-control study was conducted, and the contrast-enhanced multiple-phase (CEMP) computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of 22 pathologically confirmed IMCC patients and 22 HCC controls with underlying liver cirrhosis were analyzed at the present hospital, from January 2010 to December 2015. In addition, serum tests were conducted and clinical symptoms of patients evaluated. A statistical analysis revealed that the enhancement pattern, signal on MRI delayed phase (P<0.001), maximum diameter, capsule retraction, portal vein invasion, bile duct dilation and abdominal lymphadenectasis characteristics were different between IMCC and HCC patients with cirrhosis. On CEMP CT and MRI analysis, the most frequently occurring enhancement patterns of IMCC were progressive patterns (P=0.001 or P<0.001). Conversely, the most frequently occurring enhancement patterns present in HCC were the washout patterns (P<0.001). Therefore, the diagnosis of IMCC in cirrhotic patients should be verified with CEMP CT and MRI analysis for the future, to determine presence or absence of progressive and/or peripheral rim-like enhancement, a hyperintensive delayed phase with capsule retraction, portal vein invasion, bile duct dilation, abdominal lymphadenectasis and increased levels of CA199.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(41): 35548-35561, 2017 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28944659

RESUMO

Nowadays, there is a high demand for supersensitive contrast agents for the early diagnostics of hepatocarcinoma. It has been recognized that accurate imaging information is able to be achieved by constructing hepatic tumor specific targeting probes, though it still faces challenges. Here, a AGKGTPSLETTP peptide (A54)-functionalized superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-loaded nanostructured lipid carrier (A54-SNLC), which can be specifically uptaken by hepatoma carcinoma cell (Bel-7402) and exhibited ultralow imaging signal intensity with varied Fe concentration on T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), was first prepared as an effective gene carrier. Then, an endogenous ferritin reporter gene for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with tumor-specific promoter (AFP-promoter) was designed, which can also exhibit a decrease in signal intensity on T2WI. At last, using protamine as a cationic mediator, novel ternary nanoparticle of A54-SNLC/protamine/DNA (A54-SNPD) as an active dual-target T2-weighted MRI contrast agent for imaging hepatic tumor was achieved. Owing to the synergistic effect of A54-SNLC and AFP-promoted DNA targeting with Bel-7402 cells, T2 imaging intensity values of hepatic tumors were successfully decreased via the T2 contrast enhancement of ternary nanoparticles. It is emphasized that the novel A54-SNPD ternary nanoparticle as active dual-target T2-weighted MRI contrast agent were able to greatly increase the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of hepatic cancer.

17.
Cancer Lett ; 406: 22-26, 2017 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28729048

RESUMO

FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy has shown remarkable responses in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC), and has significantly improved prognosis. However, FOLFIRINOX is currently not frequently applied in China because of its high incidence of adverse events, and there is no recognized optimization for this therapy in Chinese population. Modification of FOLFIRINOX may be better for its acceptance in China. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of modified-FOLFIRINOX in patients with MPC. A total of 62 MPC patients were treated with modified-FOLFIRINOX (no Fluorouracil bolus, 85% Oxaliplatin and 75% Irinotecan) between April 2014 and April 2017 in our institute. 40 of them were evaluated, with a response rate of 32.5% (13/40). The frequent grade 3/4 adverse events are neutropenia (29%) and alanine aminotransferase elevation (14.5%). No treatment-related death was observed. The median overall survival and median progression-free survival are 10.3 months and 7.0 months, respectively. In conclusion, modified-FOLFIRINOX had significantly improved tolerance with similar efficacy to FOLFIRINOX. These findings may provide evidence for the use of FOLFIRINOX in Chinese patients with MPC.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Metástase Neoplásica/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Organoplatínicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Camptotecina/efeitos adversos , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Irinotecano , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Oxaliplatina , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(5): 462-467, 2017 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29488710

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is a highly malignant tumor and surgical resection is the only curative treatment option. In order to improve the prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer, it is very important to diagnose and evaluate pancreatic cancer accurately and early. Imaging examinations play an important role in tumor detection, staging and surgical resectability evaluation, which can provide reliable evidences for diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer. At present, the imaging techniques commonly used for diagnosis of pancreatic cancer include conventional ultrasound, endoscopic ultrasonography, PET-CT, multi-detector row CT (MDCT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in which MDCT and MRI are the most widely used. In this article, the application and research progress of imaging in accurate diagnosis and evaluation of pancreatic cancer are reviewed.

19.
Springerplus ; 5(1): 1772, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27795914

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the CT and MR imaging findings and differential diagnosis of malignant vascular tumors of bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT and MR imaging findings of 18 patients with histopathology-proven malignant vascular tumors of bone were examined. Assessed image features included age, sex, location, CT findings, and MR imaging appearances and dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging. RESULTS: The study group comprised 18 cases, of which 7 were categorized as low-grade malignant vascular tumors (LMT), and 11 were categorized as high-grade malignant vascular tumors (HMT). Malignant vascular tumors of bone showed osteolytic lesions with heterogeneous signs and enhancement, and frequently associated with soft tissue masses and peritumorous edema. The mean age of patient was respectively 34.7 years in LMT with 3 patients younger than 20 and 49.9 years in HMT with 3 patients older than 60 years. The mean lesion diameter was 3.6 cm (range 2-7.2) in LMT with two lesions <3 cm and 7.1 cm (range 3-13) in HMT with 3 lesions greater than 10 cm. LMT showed multifocal (57.1 %) and well-defined (71.5 %) lesions with residual bone (57.1 %), peripheral sclerosis (85.7 %), and slightly hetergeneous enhancement (71.4 %), compared to those of HMT with 9.1, 45.5, 27.3, and 72.7 %, and 9.1 % respectively. Also, HMT appeared as expansive (54.5 %), ill-defined (54.5 %), macroscopic necrosis/cystic (81.8 %) or hemorrhagic (27.3 %) lesion with pathological fracture (27.3 %), and often presented with obviously hetergeneous enhancement (81.8 %), compared to those of LMT with 42.9, 28.6, 42.9, 0, 14.3 and 14.3 % respectively. CONCLUSIONS: There are some differences in the imaging features between LMT and HMT, while unifocal/multifocal, expansive, ill-defined, necrosis/cystic, hemorrhagic features with age, lesion diameter, peripheral sclerosis, residual bone tissue, pathological fracture and slightly/obviously hetergeneous enhancement highly suggest their differential diagnosis.

20.
Sci Rep ; 6: 35910, 2016 10 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27775017

RESUMO

Specific delivery of chemotherapy drugs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent into tumor cells is one of the issues to highly efficient tumor targeting therapy and magnetic resonance imaging. Here, A54 peptide-functionalized poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-grafted dextran (A54-Dex-PLGA) was synthesized. The synthesized A54-Dex-PLGA could self-assemble to form micelles with a low critical micelle concentration of 22.51 µg. mL-1 and diameter of about 50 nm. The synthetic A54-Dex-PLGA micelles can encapsulate doxorubicin (DOX) as a model anti-tumor drug and superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) as a contrast agent for MRI. The drug-encapsulation efficiency was about 80% and the in vitro DOX release was prolonged to 72 hours. The DOX/SPIO-loaded micelles could specifically target BEL-7402 cell line. In vitro MRI results also proved the specific binding ability of A54-Dex-PLGA/DOX/SPIO micelles to hepatoma cell BEL-7402. The in vivo MR imaging experiments using a BEL-7402 orthotopic implantation model further validated the targeting effect of DOX/SPIO-loaded micelles. In vitro and in vivo anti-tumor activities results showed that A54-Dex-PLGA/DOX/SPIO micelles revealed better therapeutic effects compared with Dex-PLGA/DOX/SPIO micelles and reduced toxicity compared with commercial adriamycin injection.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Portadores de Fármacos/administração & dosagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Compostos Férricos/administração & dosagem , Histocitoquímica , Humanos , Ácido Láctico/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos Nus , Microscopia , Ácido Poliglicólico/administração & dosagem , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico e Ácido Poliglicólico , Resultado do Tratamento
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