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2.
Cancer Cell Int ; 19: 305, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832018

RESUMO

Background: Switch-associated protein 70 (SWAP-70) is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor that is involved in cytoskeletal rearrangement and regulation of migration and invasion of malignant tumors. However, the mechanism by which SWAP-70 regulates the migration and invasion of glioblastoma (GB) cells has not been fully elucidated. Methods: This study used an online database to analyze the relationship between SWAP-70 expression and prognosis in GB patients. The in vitro wound healing assay and transwell invasion assay were used to determine the role of SWAP-70 in GB cell migration and invasion as well as the underlying mechanism. Results: We found that patients with high SWAP-70 expression in the GB had a poor prognosis. Downregulation of SWAP-70 inhibited GB cell migration and invasion, whereas SWAP-70 overexpression had an opposite effect. Interestingly, SWAP-70 expression was positively correlated with the expression of the standard form of CD44 (CD44s) in GB tissues. Downregulation of SWAP-70 also reduced CD44s protein expression, whereas SWAP-70 overexpression enhanced CD44s protein expression. However, downregulation of SWAP-70 expression did not affect the mRNA expression of CD44s. Reversal experiments showed that overexpressing CD44s in cell lines with downregulated SWAP-70 partially abolished the inhibitory effects of downregulated SWAP-70 on GB cell migration and invasion. Conclusions: These results suggest that SWAP-70 may promote GB cell migration and invasion by regulating the expression of CD44s. SWAP-70 may serve as a new biomarker and a potential therapeutic target for GB.

3.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 97(11): 1575-1588, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673738

RESUMO

Glioblastoma is one of the most aggressive types of brain tumor. Epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) are overexpressed in glioma, and EGFR amplifications and mutations lead to rapid proliferation and invasion. EGFR-targeted therapy might be an effective treatment for glioma. Gefitinib (Ge) is an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), and Golgi phosphoprotein 3 (GOLPH3) expression is associated with worse glioma prognosis. Downregulation of GOLPH3 could promote EGFR degradation. Here, an angiopep-2 (A2)-modified cationic lipid-poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticle (A2-N) was developed that can release Ge and GOLPH3 siRNA (siGOLPH3) upon entering glioma cells and therefore acts as a combinatorial anti-tumor therapy. The in vitro and in vivo studies proved that A2-N/Ge/siGOLPH3 successfully crossed the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and targeted glioma. Released siGOLPH3 effectively silenced GOLPH3 mRNA expression and further promoted EGFR and p-EGFR degradation. Released Ge also markedly inhibited EGFR signaling. This combined EGFR-targeted action achieved remarkable anti-glioma effects and could be a safe and effective treatment for glioma. KEY MESSAGES: Angiopep-2-modified cationic lipid polymer can penetrate the BBB. Gefitinib can inhibit EGFR signaling and block the autophosphorylation of critical tyrosine residues on EGFR. GOLPH3 siRNA can be transfected into glioma and downregulate GLOPH3 expression. A2-N/Ge/siGOLPH3 can inhibit glioma growth.

4.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 517(4): 588-595, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395336

RESUMO

Fyn-related kinase (FRK), a member of the Src-related tyrosine kinase family, functions as a tumor suppressor in several malignancies. We previously showed that FRK overexpression inhibited the growth of glioma cells. However, it is unknown whether FRK is equally effective against intracranial glioma in vivo, and the mechanism by which FRK influences glioma cell growth remains unclear. In this study, we found that tumor volume was reduced by about one-third in mice with FRK overexpression, which showed improved survival relative to controls. Immunofluorescence analysis revealed that FRK overexpression inhibited glioma cell proliferation and induced their apoptosis. Importantly, in vitro we further found that FRK decreased the expression of integrin subunit ß1 (ITGB1) at both the mRNA and protein levels. FRK also inhibited transactivation by ITGB1, resulting in the suppression of its target proteins AKT and focal adhesion kinase (FAK). ITGB1 overexpression promoted glioma cell growth and partially reduced FRK-induced growth suppression. These results indicate that FRK inhibits human glioma growth via regulating ITGB1/FAK signaling and provide a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of glioma.

5.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 15(9): 1982-1993, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387684

RESUMO

Radiotherapy (RT) has become one of the most effective treatments for malignant tumor. Intra-tumoral hypoxia is recognized as a chief reason that induces resistance to radiation. Moreover, the toxicities of RT to normal tissues limits the usage of high doses of radiation to eliminate cancer cells. Therefore, developing an effective radiosensitizer is critical for improving the curative effects of RT. In the present study, we developed angiopep-2 (A2) modified hypoxic lipid radiosensitizer (HLR) coated gold nanoparticles (GNPs) (referred to as A2-HRGNPs) to increase the RT sensitivity of tumors. The A2-HRGNPs are comprised of the following two functional components: (1) HLR enhances the RT sensitivity on hypoxic tumor cells; (2) alkylthiol modified GNPs (DGNPs) increase radiation effects by a dose enhancing effect in RT. Our findings suggest that the synergistic radiosensitizing effects of A2-HRGNPs can significantly enhance radiosensitization effects and thus, inhibit tumor growth in vivo.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Neoplasias , Ouro , Humanos , Hipóxia , Lipídeos , Radiossensibilizantes
6.
Int J Med Sci ; 16(4): 614-622, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171914

RESUMO

Background: CAPON has two isoforms in human brain: long form of CAPON (CAPON-L) and short form of CAPON (CAPON-S). Recent studies have indicated the involvement of CAPON in tumor cell growth. We aimed to reveal the role of the two CAPON isoforms in the proliferation of glioma cells in this study. Materials and Methods: Lentivirus-mediated stable cell lines with CAPON-L or CAPON-S overexpression were established in U87 and U251 glioma cells. Cell counting kit-8 and colony formation assays were used to evaluate cell proliferation. Western blot analysis of cell cycle-related proteins and flow cytometry were performed to analyze cell cycle progression. Some important molecules of the AKT/mTOR pathway and P53 were also measured by Western blot analysis. Results: Overexpression of CAPON-L showed a significantly inhibitory role in U251 cells, while it exhibited a promoting role in U87 cells. Consistently, overexpressing CAPON-L impeded the cell cycle progression and down-regulated the expression levels of Cyclin D1, CDK4 and CDK6 in U251 cells, whereas it up-regulated the CDK6 level in U87 cells. The overexpression of CAPON-L significantly decreased the phosphorylation and/or total levels of AKT, mTOR and S6 in U251 cells, while it did not affect these signaling molecules in U87 cells, except for a significant increase in the phosphorylation of AKT at Thr-308 site. Transfecting constitutively active AKT (myr-AKT) partially reversed the decreased phosphorylation of AKT and S6 in the CAPON-L-overexpressing U251 cells. In addition, we found a significant decrease in the wild-type P53 level in the CAPON-L-overexpressing U87 cells. The overexpression of CAPON-S also inhibited cell proliferation, blocked cell cycle progression, and decreased the AKT/mTOR pathway activity in U251 cells. Conclusion: The effects of CAPON-L overexpression on glioma cell proliferation are dependent on the AKT/mTOR/P53 activity. The overexpression of CAPON inhibits U251 cell proliferation through the AKT/mTOR signaling pathway, while overexpressing CAPON-L promoted U87 cell proliferation, possibly through down-regulating the P53 level.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Glioma/genética , Proteína Oncogênica v-akt/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Apoptose/genética , Autofagia/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética
7.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 19(12): 7539-7545, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31196258

RESUMO

The therapeutic treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remains a major challenge. Synergistic chemotherapy and radiotherapy (RT) have been considered the standard clinical therapy for malignant glioma, but there are some outstanding problems. First, gliomas are deemed exceedingly radio-resistant tumors, owing to efficient DNA double-strand break repair. In addition, the first-line chemotherapeutic agent (temozolomide, TMZ) for glioma shows extensive side effects and low accumulation in brain tumors. Therefore, we designed and constructed an Angiopep-2 modified cationic lipid-Poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA), Angiopep-2 (A2)/DSPE-PEG2000/DOTAP/PLGA (APDP), to transport TMZ and a DNA repair inhibitor (Dbait) into glioblastoma cells, achieving concomitant chemo-radiotherapy treatment of glioma. At the cellular level, the APDP+TMZ/Dbait can be well endocytosed and enhance accumulation of the agent in brain tumors. Furthermore, the nanoparticle combined with Dbait improves the efficiency of radiotherapy in GBM. Our experimental data demonstrate that APDP+TMZ/Dbait has great potential as a multipurpose nanomedicine for the synergistic chemo-radiotherapy and radio-sensitization of malignant glioma in precise medical applications.

8.
Cell Prolif ; 52(4): e12636, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31094020

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We previously reported that Golgi phosphoprotein 3 (GOLPH3) promotes glioma progression by inhibiting EGFR endocytosis and degradation, leading to EGFR accumulation and PI3K-AKT pathway over-activation. In the current study, we examine whether GOLPH3 affects the response of glioma cells to gefitinib, an EGFR selective inhibitor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of GOLPH3 and EGFR in glioma cells was detected by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting. The cell viability or growth in vitro was determined by CCK-8, EdU incorporation and clonogenic assays. The primary glioma cells were cultured by trypsin and mechanical digestion. The transwell invasion assay was used to examine the primary glioma cell motility. Intracranial glioma model in nude mice were established to explore the sensitivity of gefitinib to GOLPH3 high cancer cells in vivo. RESULTS: Both the immortalized and primary glioma cells with GOLPH3 over-expression hold higher EGFR protein levels on the cell membrane and exhibited higher sensitivity to gefitinib. In addition, primary glioma cells with higher GOLPH3 level exhibited stronger proliferation behaviour. Importantly, GOLPH3 enhanced the anti-tumour effect of gefitinib in vivo. Consistently, after gefitinib treatment, tumours derived from GOLPH3 over-expression cells exhibited lower Ki67-positive and higher cleaved caspase-3-positive cells than control tumours. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that GOLPH3 increases the sensitivity of glioma cells to gefitinib. Our study provides foundation for further exploring whether GOLPH3 high gliomas will be more sensitive to anti-EGFR therapy in clinic and give ideas for developing new possible treatments for individual glioma patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Gefitinibe/farmacologia , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 219, 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma (GBM) is a fatal brain tumor, lacking effective treatment. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is recognized as an attractive target for GBM treatment. However, GBMs have very poor responses to the first- and second-generation EGFR inhibitors. The third-generation EGFR-targeted drug, AZD9291, is a novel and irreversible inhibitor. It is noteworthy that AZD9291 shows excellent blood-brain barrier penetration and has potential for the treatment of brain tumors. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the anti-tumor activity and effectiveness of AZD9291 in a preclinical GBM model. RESULTS: AZD9291 showed dose-responsive growth inhibitory activity against six GBM cell lines. Importantly, AZD9291 inhibited GBM cell proliferation > 10 times more efficiently than the first-generation EGFR inhibitors. AZD9291 induced GBM cell cycle arrest and significantly inhibited colony formation, migration, and invasion of GBM cells. In an orthotopic GBM model, AZD9291 treatment significantly inhibited tumor survival and prolonged animal survival. The underlying anti-GBM mechanism of AZD9291 was shown to be different from that of the first-generation EGFR inhibitors. In contrast to erlotinib, AZD9291 continuously and efficiently inhibited the EGFR/ERK signaling in GBM cells. CONCLUSION: AZD9291 demonstrated an efficient preclinical activity in GBM in vitro and in vivo models. AZD9291 has been approved for the treatment of lung cancer with good safety and tolerability. Our results support the possibility of conducting clinical trials of anti-GBM therapy using AZD9291.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas/administração & dosagem , Compostos de Anilina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Acrilamidas/farmacologia , Compostos de Anilina/farmacologia , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
10.
J Neurooncol ; 143(1): 35-47, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30993511

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Glioma is a highly aggressive and lethal brain tumor. Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) pathway are widely implicated in glioma carcinogenesis. Our previous study found that the Fynrelated kinase (FRK) gene, plays as a tumor suppressor in the development and progression of glioma. This study aimed to investigate the role of FRK in the activation pathway of STATs and its effect on the growth of glioma. METHODS: The U251 and U87 cells with stable FRK overexpression were generated by lentivirus technique. The effects of FRK on the related proteins of STAT signaling pathway were detected by western blotting. Coimmunoprecipitation was used to detect the association of FRK and STAT1. The effects of STAT1 on the proliferation of glioma cells were detected by CCK8 or Edu cell proliferation assays. The expressions and correlation of FRK and p-STAT1 in glioma tissues were detectd by western blotting or immunohistochemistry. The effect of FRK on the growth of glioma was investigated in vivo mouse model. RESULTS: The level of p-JAK2 and p-STAT1 increased after FRK overexpression, while they decreased after FRK downregulation both in U251 and U87 cells. However, FRK had no effect on STAT3 phosphorylation. FRK-induced STAT1 activation was not dependent on JAK2. FRK associated with STAT1, induced STAT1 nuclear translocation and regulated the expressions of STAT1-related target genes. STAT1 overexpression suppressed the proliferation of glioma cells. In contrast, STAT1 knockdown by siRNA promoted glioma cell growth. Importantly, down-regulation of STAT1 partially attenuated FRK-induced growth suppression. The clinical sample-based study indicated that the expression of FRK was significantly correlated with the expression of p-STAT1. FRK significantly inhibited glioma tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlighted a critical role of FRK in tumor suppression ability through promoting STAT1 activation, and provided a potential therapeutic target for glioma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Glioma/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/metabolismo , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Progressão da Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/patologia , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Janus Quinase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Nus , Transplante de Neoplasias , Fosforilação , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Sincalida/metabolismo , Carga Tumoral/fisiologia
11.
Am J Transl Res ; 11(2): 1073-1083, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30899407

RESUMO

Increasing evidence emphasizes the protective role of Eph receptors in synaptic function in the pathological development of Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, their roles in the regulation of hippocampal astrocytes remain largely unknown. Here, we directly investigated the function of astroglial EphB2 on synaptic plasticity in APP/PS1 mice. Using cell isolation and transgene technologies, we first isolated hippocampal astrocytes and evaluated the expression levels of ephrinB ligands and EphB receptors. Then, we stereotaxically injected EphB2-Flox-AAV into the hippocampus of GFAP-cre/APP/PS1 mice and further evaluated hippocampal synaptic plasticity and astroglial function. Interestingly, astrocytic EphB2 expression was significantly increased in APP/PS1 mice in contrast to its expression profile in neurons. Moreover, depressing this astroglial EphB2 upregulation enhanced hippocampal synaptic plasticity, which results from harmful D-serine release. These results provide evidence of the different expression profiles and function of EphB2 between astrocytes and neurons in AD pathology.

12.
J Mol Neurosci ; 68(1): 38-48, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30771084

RESUMO

We previously reported that LATS2, the upstream serine/threonine kinase of Yes-associated protein (YAP), is downregulated in gliomas and exhibits negative correlation with the prognosis of glioma patients. In this work, we aimed to explore the role and mechanism of large tumor suppressor kinase (LATS2) in the progression of malignant gliomas. We found that over-expression of LATS2 inhibited glioma cell proliferation and migration/invasion, while LATS2 downregulation promoted them. Mechanistically, LATS2 promoted the phosphorylation of YAP without affecting YAP mRNA expression. Inconsistent with some previous reports, both YAPWT and YAP5SA did not affect the level of LATS2, suggesting that LATS2 did not form a feedback loop with YAP in gliomas. Furthermore, mammalian Ste20-like kinases (MST1) over-expression did not affect the phosphorylation of YAP, suggesting that MST1 may not be the essential upstream serine/threonine kinase of Hippo/YAP pathway in gliomas. Together, LATS2 inhibits glioma cell proliferation and migration/invasion by inactivating YAP.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Glioma/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Fator de Crescimento de Hepatócito/genética , Fator de Crescimento de Hepatócito/metabolismo , Humanos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neurônios/patologia , Neurônios/fisiologia , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
13.
Mol Pharm ; 16(3): 987-994, 2019 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30624945

RESUMO

A combination of different chemotherapy approaches can obtain the best response for many cancers. However, the greatest challenge is the development of a nanoparticle formulation that can encapsulate different chemotherapeutic agents to achieve the proper synergetic chemotherapy for the tumor. Here, amphiphilic ferrocenium-tetradecyl (Fe-C14) was constructed to form cationic micelles in an aqueous solution via self-assembly. Then, it was coated by hyaluronic acid (HA) through electrostatic interactions to generate HA-Fe-C14 micelles. The HA-Fe-C14 micelles were used to deliver doxorubicin (DOX), and it showed that the DOX could be released rapidly under a high-GSH tumor environment. The HA-Fe-C14/DOX micelles were able to accumulate efficiently in tumor and showed significant anticancer effect both in vitro and in vivo. These results suggest that HA-Fe-C14/DOX micelles are a useful drug delivery system that enhances synergic antitumor treatment effects.


Assuntos
Doxorrubicina/química , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Compostos Ferrosos/química , Glutationa/química , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Metalocenos/química , Micelas , Neoplasias/terapia , Alcanos/química , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia Combinada , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Compostos Ferrosos/síntese química , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias/patologia , Células PC-3 , Solubilidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
14.
Cereb Cortex ; 29(9): 3752-3765, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307500

RESUMO

Aberrant regulation and activity of synaptic proteins may cause synaptic pathology in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of mood disorder patients. Carboxy-terminal PDZ ligand of NOS1 (CAPON) is a critical scaffold protein linked to synaptic proteins like nitric oxide synthase 1, synapsins. We hypothesized that CAPON is altered together with its interacting synaptic proteins in the PFC in mood disorder patients and may contribute to depression-like behaviors in mice subjected to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). Here, we found that CAPON-immunoreactivity (ir) was significantly increased in the dorsolateral PFC (DLPFC) and anterior cingulate cortex in major depressive disorder (MDD), which was accompanied by an upregulation of spinophilin-ir and a downregulation of synapsin-ir. The increases in CAPON and spinophilin and the decrease in synapsin in the DLPFC of MDD patients were also seen in the PFC of CUMS mice. CAPON-ir positively correlated with spinophilin-ir (but not with synapsin-ir) in mood disorder patients. CAPON colocalized with spinophilin in the DLPFC of MDD patients and interacted with spinophilin in human brain. Viral-mediated CAPON downregulation in the medial PFC notably reversed the depression-like behaviors in the CUMS mice. These data suggest that CAPON may contribute to aspects of depressive behavior, possibly as an interacting protein for spinophilin in the PFC.

15.
Theranostics ; 8(18): 5088-5105, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30429888

RESUMO

Treatment of malignant glioma is a challenge facing cancer therapy. In addition to surgery, and chemotherapy, radiotherapy (RT) is one of the most effective modalities of glioma treatment. However, there are two crucial challenges for RT facing malignant glioma therapy: first, gliomas are known to be resistant to radiation due to their intratumoral hypoxia; second, radiosensitizers may exhibit a lack of target specificity, which may cause a lower concentration of radiosensitizers in tumors and toxic side effects in normal tissues. Thus, novel angiopep-2-lipid-poly-(metronidazoles)n (ALP-(MIs)n) hypoxic radiosensitizer-polyprodrug nanoparticles (NPs) were designed to enhance the radiosensitizing effect on gliomas. Methods: In this study, different degrees and biodegradabilites of hypoxic radiosensitizer MIs-based polyprodrug (P-(MIs)n) were synthesized as a hydrophobic core. P-(MIs)n were mixed with DSPE-PEG2000, angiopep-2-DSPE-PEG2000 and lecithin to self-assemble ALP-(MIs)n through a single-step nanoprecipitation method. The ALP-(MIs)n encapsulate doxorubicin (DOX) (ALP-(MIs)n/DOX) and provoke the release of DOX under hypoxic conditions for glioma chemo- and radiotherapy. In vivo glioma targeting was tested in an orthotopic glioma using live animal fluorescence/bioluminescence imaging. The effect on sensitization to RT of ALP-(MIs)n and the combination of chemotherapy and RT of ALP-(MIs)n/DOX for glioma treatment were also investigated both in vitro and in vivo. Results: ALP-(MIs)n/DOX effectively accumulated in gliomas and could reach the hypoxic glioma site after systemic in vivo administration. These ALP-(MIs)n showed a significant radiosensitizing effect on gliomas and realized combination chemotherapy and RT for glioma treatment both in vitro and in vivo. Conclusions: In summary, we constructed a lipid-poly-(hypoxic radiosensitized polyprodrug) nanoparticles for enhancing the RT sensitivity of gliomas and achieving the combination of radiation and chemotherapy for gliomas.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Tratamento Farmacológico/métodos , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Hipóxia , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Pró-Fármacos/administração & dosagem , Radioterapia/métodos , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Glioma/patologia , Lipossomos/administração & dosagem , Lipossomos/síntese química , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Modelos Teóricos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Oxirredução , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Pró-Fármacos/síntese química , Radiossensibilizantes/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Cancer Biomark ; 23(3): 381-389, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30223389

RESUMO

Ubiquitin-specific protease 22 (USP22), as one of the 11 death-from-cancer signature genes, presented high expression in a variety of tumors. Previous studies showed that USP22 played a significant role in cell-cycle, oncogenesis, clinicopathology and survival. Our studies have presented USP22 was over-expressed in glioma tissue and the patients with high expression of USP22 had a poor survival than that with low expression of USP22. However, the concrete effect of USP22 on biological behavior in glioma cells has been rarely reported. The study aimed to clear the effect of USP22 on cell proliferation, migration and invasion in glioma. Using siRNA, USP22 was knocked down in U251 and U87 glioma cells and successful transfection effect was validated. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion were observed by the methods of EdU, Wound healing and Transwell assay, separately. At the same time, the expression of MMP2 was detected by Gelatin zymography after transfecting siRNAs. After the knockdown of USP22 by siRNA, the abilities of glioma cell proliferation, migration and invasion were decreased, accompanying, the expression of MMP2 was also decreased. We drew a conclusion that USP22 could increase the abilities of proliferation, migration and invasion of glioma cells, and promote the growth and development of glioma.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Glioma/genética , Tioléster Hidrolases/genética , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Transdução de Sinais
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(40): 33923-33935, 2018 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30205681

RESUMO

Concomitant radiochemotherapy is a major therapeutic strategy for treating malignant tumors. However, the greatest challenge is how to improve the therapeutic effect of radiochemotherapy to achieve the proper synergetic chemo-/radiotherapy for the tumor. In this study, ferrocenium (antitumor effect) and nitroimidazole (hypoxic cell radiosensitization) conjugates were synthesized to form amphiphilic ferrocenium-hexane-nitroimidazole (Fe-NI), which can self-assemble in aqueous solution. The Fe-NI micelles successfully encapsulate the hydrophobic chemotherapy drug doxorubicin (DOX) and are modified with hyaluronic acid (HA) by electrostatic interactions to form HA-Fe-NIs-DOX micelles. HA-Fe-NIs-DOX micelles rapidly release DOX under tumor hypoxia and a high glutathione (GSH) environment and achieve a synergetic chemo-/radiotherapy for the tumor based on the properties of nitroimidazoles and ferrocenes. The biodistribution results obtained in vivo reveal an effective accumulation in the tumor. The HA-Fe-NIs-DOX micelles show a significant radiosensitizing effect on the tumors, and the combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy is realized for the treatment of tumor in vitro and in vivo. These findings illustrate that HA-Fe-NIs micelles are a promising candidate, which enhances the antitumor effects as a DOX delivery system, owing to the synergistic mechanisms of antitumor agents and chemo-/radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Doxorrubicina , Compostos Ferrosos , Micelas , Neoplasias Experimentais , Nitroimidazóis , Hipóxia Tumoral , Microambiente Tumoral , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/química , Doxorrubicina/farmacocinética , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Compostos Ferrosos/química , Compostos Ferrosos/farmacocinética , Compostos Ferrosos/farmacologia , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Ácido Hialurônico/farmacocinética , Ácido Hialurônico/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/terapia , Nitroimidazóis/química , Nitroimidazóis/farmacocinética , Nitroimidazóis/farmacologia
18.
J Neurooncol ; 140(2): 249-260, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30105446

RESUMO

PURPOSE: GOLPH3 has been shown to be involved in glioma proliferation. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate that GOLPH3 can serve as a target for glioma gene therapy. METHODS: During the experiment, cationic liposomes with angiopep-2 (A2-CL) were used to deliver siGOLPH3 crossing the blood-brain barrier and reaching the glioma. RESULTS: At the cellular level, the A2-CL/siGOLPH3 could silence GOLPH3 and then effectively inhibited the proliferation of cells. In vivo experiments, using U87-GFP-Luci-bearing BALB/c mouse models, we demonstrated that A2-CL could deliver GOLPH3-siRNA specifically to glioma and effectively inhibit glioma growth. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that GOLPH3 has great potential as a target for the gene therapy of glioma and is of great value in precise medical applications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Terapia Genética , Glioma/terapia , Lipossomos/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Membrana/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Interferente Pequeno/administração & dosagem , Animais , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Cátions/química , Cátions/farmacocinética , Cátions/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/metabolismo , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Lipossomos/química , Lipossomos/farmacocinética , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Transplante de Neoplasias , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacocinética
19.
JAMA Neurol ; 75(11): 1338-1346, 2018 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30073290

RESUMO

Importance: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is a trauma-associated condition commonly found in elderly patients. Surgery is currently the treatment of choice, but it carries a significant risk of recurrence and death. Nonsurgical treatments remain limited and ineffective. Our recent studies suggest that atorvastatin reduces hematomas and improves the clinical outcomes of patients with CSDH. Objective: To investigate the safety and therapeutic efficacy of atorvastatin to nonsurgically treat patients with CSDH. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Effect of Atorvastatin on Chronic Subdural Hematoma (ATOCH) randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind phase II clinical trial was conducted in multiple centers in China from February 2014 to November 2015. For this trial, we approached 254 patients with CSDH who received a diagnosis via a computed tomography scan; of these, 200 (78.7%) were enrolled because 23 patients (9.1%) refused to participate and 31 (12.2%) were disqualified. Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to receive either 20 mg of atorvastatin or placebo daily for 8 weeks and were followed up for an additional 16 weeks. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was change in hematoma volume (HV) by computed tomography after 8 weeks of treatment. The secondary outcomes included HV measured at the 4th, 12th, and 24th weeks and neurological function that was evaluated using the Markwalder grading scale/Glasgow Coma Scale and the Barthel Index at the 8th week. Results: One hundred ninety-six patients received treatment (169 men [86.2%]; median [SD] age, 63.6 [14.2] years). The baseline HV and clinical presentations were similar between patients who were taking atorvastatin (98 [50%]) and the placebo (98 [50%]). After 8 weeks, the HV reduction in patients who were taking atorvastatin was 12.55 mL more than those taking the placebo (95% CI, 0.9-23.9 mL; P = .003). Forty-five patients (45.9%) who were taking atorvastatin significantly improved their neurological function, but only 28 (28.6%) who were taking the placebo did, resulting in an adjusted odds ratio of 1.957 for clinical improvements (95% CI, 1.07-3.58; P = .03). Eleven patients (11.2%) who were taking atorvastatin and 23 (23.5%) who were taking the placebo underwent surgery during the trial for an enlarging hematoma and/or a deteriorating clinical condition (hazard ratio, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.24-0.92; P = .03). No significant adverse events were reported. Conclusions and Relevance: Atorvastatin may be a safe and efficacious nonsurgical alternative for treating patients with CSDH. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02024373.


Assuntos
Atorvastatina/farmacologia , Hematoma Subdural Crônico/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/farmacologia , Idoso , Atorvastatina/administração & dosagem , Atorvastatina/efeitos adversos , China , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 47(6): 2445-2457, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29990993

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Golgi phosphoprotein 3 (GOLPH3) plays pro-malignancy roles in several types of cancer. However, the molecular mechanism underlying GOLPH3 promoting tumor progression remains poorly understood. METHODS: The expression of GOLPH3 and Wntless (Wls) in glioma tissues was examined by western blotting and immunohistochemistry. EdU incorporation assay and colony formation assay was used to examine the cell growth ability. The effect of GOLPH3 on Wls recycling, Wnt secretion and ß-catenin activity was detected using western blotting, immunofluorescence, RT-PCR, ELISA or luciferase assay. RESULTS: The protein levels of GOLPH3 and Wls were upregulated and positively correlated with each other in human glioma tissues. The promoting effect of GOLPH3 on glioma cell proliferation was partially mediated by Wls. In addition, GOLPH3 interacted with Wls and GOLPH3 down-regulation drove Wls into lysosome for degradation, inhibiting its recycling to golgi and the plasma membrane. Importantly, GOLPH3 down-regulation inhibited Wnt2b secretion and decreased ß-catenin level and transcription activity. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a brand new evidence that GOLPH3 promotes glioma cell proliferation by facilitating Wls recycling and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. Our findings suggest a rationale for targeting the GOLPH3-Wls-Wnt axis as a promising therapeutic approach for glioblastoma.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , Glioma/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/metabolismo , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Glioma/patologia , Células HEK293 , Humanos
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