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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410750

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Community therapists inevitably adapt evidence-based practices (EBPs) to meet the needs of their clients and practice settings. Yet, the implications of spontaneous, therapist-driven adaptations for EBP implementation outcomes are not well understood. We used a sequential QUAN → qual mixed-methods design to examine how different types of therapist-described adaptations were associated with observer-rated extensiveness of therapist delivery of EBP content and technique strategies at the session level. METHOD: Data were drawn from an observational study of a system-driven implementation of multiple EBPs into public children's mental health services. Community therapists (n = 103) described adaptations they made in 680 sessions with 273 clients (50.92% female, 49.08% male, Mage = 9.72 years, 70.70% Hispanic/Latinx). Coders classified therapist-described adaptations into five types: (a) Modifying Presentation, (b) Integrating, (c) Extending, (d) Reducing, and (e) Generalizing. Independent observers rated the extensiveness of EBP strategy delivery from session recordings using the EBP Concordant Care Assessment (ECCA) Observational Coding System. RESULTS: Quantitative analyses using multilevel regression revealed that Modifying Presentation adaptations were associated with higher extensiveness of EBP technique delivery, whereas Extending adaptations were associated with lower extensiveness of EBP content and technique delivery. Qualitative analysis of adaptation descriptions identified explanations for the quantitative findings. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that Modifying Presentation adaptations, associated with higher extensiveness, involved creative use of activities and materials, language modification, and personalization of EBP content to meet clients' diverse needs, whereas Extending adaptations, associated with lower extensiveness, involved slowing EBP pacing in response to client challenges. Implications for provider training are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239983

RESUMO

Sustainment of evidence-based practices is necessary to ensure their public health impact. The current study examined predictors of sustainment of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) within a large-scale system-driven implementation effort in Los Angeles County. Data were drawn from PCIT training data and county administrative claims between January 2013 and March 2018. Participants included 241 therapists from 61 programs. Two sustainment outcomes were examined at the therapist- and program-levels: 1) PCIT claim volume and 2) PCIT claim discontinuation (discontinuation of claims during study period; survival time of claiming in months). Predictors included therapist- and program-level caseload, training, and workforce characteristics. On average, therapists and programs continued claiming to PCIT for 17.7 and 32.3 months, respectively. Across the sustainment outcomes, there were both shared and unshared significant predictors. For therapists, case-mix fit (higher proportions of young child clients with externalizing disorders) and participation in additional PCIT training activities significantly predicted claims volume. Furthermore, additional training activity participation was associated with lower likelihood of therapist PCIT claim discontinuation in the follow-up period. Programs with therapists eligible to be internal trainers were significantly less likely to discontinue PCIT claiming. Findings suggest that PCIT sustainment may be facilitated by implementation strategies including targeted outreach to ensure eligible families in therapist caseloads, facilitating therapist engagement in advanced trainings, and building internal infrastructure through train-the-trainer programs.

3.
J Consult Clin Psychol ; 89(6): 537-550, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264701

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine if the Transdiagnostic Intervention for Sleep and Circadian Dysfunction (TranS-C) improves functional impairment, psychiatric symptoms, and sleep and circadian functioning. METHOD: Adults diagnosed with serious mental illness (SMI) and sleep and circadian dysfunction (N = 121) were randomly allocated to TranS-C plus usual care (TranS-C + UC; n = 61; 8 individual weekly sessions) or 6 months of Usual Care followed by Delayed Treatment with TranS-C (UC-DT; n = 60). Schizophrenia (45%) and anxiety disorders (47%) were common. Blind assessments were conducted pre-treatment, post-treatment, and 6 months later (6FU). The latter two were the post-randomization points of interest. The location was Alameda County Behavioral Health Care Services (ACBHCS), a Community Mental Health Center (CMHC) in California. RESULTS: For the primary outcomes, relative to UC-DT, TranS-C + UC was associated with reduction in functional impairment (b = -3.18, p = 0.025, d = -0.58), general psychiatric symptoms (b = -5.88, p = 0.001, d = -0.64), sleep disturbance (b = -5.55, p < .0001, d = -0.96), and sleep-related impairment (b = -9.14, p < .0001, d = -0.81) from pre-treatment to post-treatment. These effects were maintained to 6-month follow-up (6FU; d = -0.42 to -0.82), except functional impairment (d = -0.37). For the secondary outcomes, relative to UC-DT, TranS-C + UC was associated with improvement in sleep efficiency and on the Sleep Health Composite score from pre-treatment to 6FU. TranS-C + UC was also associated with reduced total wake time and wake time variability from pre-treatment to post-treatment, as well as reduced hallucinations and delusions, bedtime variability, and actigraphy measured waking activity count variability from pre-treatment to 6FU. CONCLUSIONS: A novel transdiagnostic treatment, delivered within a CMHC setting, improves selected measures of functioning, symptoms of comorbid disorders, and sleep and circadian outcomes. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Centros Comunitários de Saúde Mental , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Transtornos do Sono do Ritmo Circadiano/terapia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Adulto , Ansiedade/terapia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/terapia , California , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esquizofrenia/terapia , Sono , Transtornos do Sono do Ritmo Circadiano/complicações , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Psychiatry Res ; 293: 113443, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890862

RESUMO

The implementation of evidence-based psychological treatments (EBPTs) may be particularly challenging to accomplish in community mental health settings for individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). Transdiagnostic treatments, or treatments that target a mechanism that underpins multiple mental health problems, may be particularly well-suited to community mental health settings. This study examines community stakeholder perspectives (N = 22) of the Transdiagnostic Sleep and Circadian Intervention (TranS-C) implemented in a community mental health setting in the context of a randomized controlled trial of TranS-C for SMI. The present study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to the implementation of TranS-C for SMI in a community mental health setting using (1) a deductive theory-based process based on the Framework for Dissemination in Health Services Intervention Research and (2) an inductive thematic analysis process. All deductive themes were identified as both barriers and facilitators to the implementation of EBPTs and TranS-C in this community mental health setting. Seven additional themes were identified through the inductive thematic analysis. A discussion of how the findings are related to prior research, other EBPT implementation, and future TranS-C implementation are included.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Serviços Comunitários de Saúde Mental/normas , Pessoal de Saúde/normas , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Sono/fisiologia , Participação dos Interessados , Adulto , Serviços Comunitários de Saúde Mental/métodos , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Avaliação de Processos em Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Participação dos Interessados/psicologia
6.
Behav Ther ; 51(5): 800-813, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32800307

RESUMO

Monitoring treatment fidelity is essential to check if patients receive adequate doses of treatment and to enhance our theoretical understanding of how psychosocial treatments work. Developing valid and efficient measures to assess fidelity is a priority for dissemination and implementation efforts. The present study reports on the psychometric properties of the Provider-Rated TranS-C Checklist-a provider-reported fidelity measure for the Transdiagnostic Sleep and Circadian Intervention (TranS-C). Adults with severe mental illness (SMI; N = 101) seeking treatment in a community mental health setting received eight sessions of TranS-C. Therapists completed the Provider-Rated TranS-C Checklist at the end of each treatment session (N = 808) to indicate which modules they delivered during that session. To assess convergent validity, independent raters scored modules delivered from audio recordings of a subset of sessions (n = 257) for the modules delivered using the Independent-Rater TranS-C Checklist. Using exploratory factor analysis, a unidimensional scale composed of TranS-C's modules was identified. Provider-Rated TranS-C Checklist scores were positively associated with the Independent-Rater TranS-C Checklist scores demonstrating convergent validity. Results indicate that the Provider-Rated TranS-C Checklist yields reliable and valid scores of providers' delivery of TranS-C.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Saúde Mental , Sono , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Psicometria
7.
Behav Sleep Med ; 18(1): 23-34, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030562

RESUMO

Objective/Background: Sleep and circadian disorders are prevalent worldwide and frequently comorbid with physical and mental illnesses. Thus, recruiting and retaining samples for sleep and circadian research are high priorities. The aims of this paper are to highlight barriers to recruitment and retention for participants with sleep or circadian dysfunction, and to share strategies used across two randomized controlled trials (RCTs) testing the efficacy of the Transdiagnostic Intervention for Sleep and Circadian Dysfunction (TranS-C) to address these challenges. Participants: The first RCT recruited 176 adolescents with an evening circadian chronotype, who were at risk in at least one of five health domains: behavioral, cognitive, emotional, physical, and social. The second RCT recruited 121 low-income, racial or ethnic minority adults diagnosed with severe mental illness (SMI) and comorbid sleep or circadian dysfunction. Methods: The current study examined participant, environment, and research factors that impacted recruitment and retention of participants with sleep or circadian dysfunction, and identified strategies to enhance recruitment and retention. Results: Strategies used to recruit participants included community-based recruiting, reducing stigma, and alleviating burdensome sleep data collection. Strategies used to retain participants in our studies included flexible scheduling, mitigating participant barriers, building rapport with participants through empathic and positive interactions, creative problem solving, consulting participant networks, and utilizing incentives and other positive engagement tools. Conclusion: Both at-risk adolescents and low-income, minority adults with comorbid SMI and sleep or circadian dysfunction experience significant barriers to research participation. Recruitment and retention strategies were creatively tailored to meet the unique barriers of these diverse populations.


Assuntos
Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Sono/fisiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
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