Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 115
Filtrar
1.
J Perinatol ; 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32398739

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Absent risk stratification, variable physiology of ductal-dependent congenital heart disease (DD-CHD) imparts risk of over-medicalization and unnecessary exclusion from early parental bonding. METHODS: Single-center retrospective cohort study of term infants with isolated prenatally diagnosed DD-CHD expected to require immediate advanced resuscitation/intervention (2005-2017). Standardized documentation (2015 onward) included diagnosis, expected saturations, and allowability of postnatal parental bonding. RESULTS: The study cohort (n = 386) included 289 patients in the pre-standardized documentation era and 97 in the post-era; the groups had similar characteristics. Fewer infants were born by cesarean in the later era (32% vs. 22%; p = 0.049). Decrease in any respiratory intervention (38-26%; p = 0.03) followed standardized documentation. More patients had any bonding time (22-74%; p < 0.0001), without increase in CPAP or intubation in the first two hours of life (6.9% vs. 7.2%; p = 0.92). CONCLUSION: Standardized predelivery documentation for neonates with DD-CHD decreased unnecessary respiratory intervention and increased parental bonding.

2.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367305

RESUMO

Patients after the Ross procedure are at risk for right (RV) and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction due to neo-aortic and pulmonary dysfunction. While neo-aortic root dilatation has been related to LV dysfunction, the potential contributions of aortic stiffness and ventricular interactions have not been evaluated. Patients status post Ross procedure up to age 18 years with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) exam from 2007 to 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) was calculated from phase contrast and angiogram images. RV and LV peak global longitudinal (GLS) and circumferential strain (GCS) were measured using tissue tracking software. Multivariable regression was performed for variables associated with parameters of LV function. In 58 patients (median age 20.5 years at CMR exam), male gender, longer time since Ross procedure, aortic root dilatation, and lower RV ejection fraction (EF) were associated with decreased LV EF. There was no association with LV late gadolinium enhancement or neo-aortic or conduit regurgitation. LV GCS and GLS also correlated with RV GCS, RV GLS and PWV. In multivariable analysis, the relation of RV and LV systolic function, but not aortic measurements, remained significant. In conclusion, in long-term follow-up after pediatric Ross procedure, RV function rather than aortic root size or aortic stiffness most closely relates to LV function. Ventricular interactions may impact decision-making on timing of conduit intervention, which could differ from established criteria in populations with only aortic or pulmonary valve disease. Further study is warranted to evaluate possible association with clinical outcome.

3.
Prenat Diagn ; 2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274817

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate and improve accuracy of anticipatory counseling regarding neonatal intervention for prenatally diagnosed tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) by assessing new and previously published predictors of neonatal intervention. METHODS: This is a multi-center, retrospective study from three centers of 112 fetal TOF patients undergoing third trimester fetal echocardiograms from 2004 to 2017. Additional cardiac defects requiring neonatal intervention were excluded. Fetal echocardiographic, clinical, and consultation data were compared between neonatal and late intervention. Optimal echocardiographic values were determined. RESULTS: Twenty-six infants (23%) required neonatal intervention. Those infants had significantly different pulmonary valve (PV) z-scores, PV:aortic valve (AoV) ratios, PV:AoV z-score differences (absolute difference between z-scores), and increased likelihood of abnormal ductal flow. Counseling during fetal echocardiogram regarding interventional timing was accurate for 50% needing neonatal intervention and 86% undergoing late intervention (P = .002). The best neonatal intervention predictors were PV:AoV ratio of <0.6 and counseling for neonatal intervention. PV:AoV z-score difference ≥5 provided 89% negative predictive value for excluding patients from neonatal repair. CONCLUSIONS: Third trimester fetal echocardiograms can predict interventional timing. The best predictors of neonatal intervention are PV:AoV ratio <0.6, PV:AoV z-score difference ≥5, and cardiologist counseling that neonatal intervention was likely.

5.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100056

RESUMO

Both cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and cardiac catheterization (cath) may assess patients with single ventricle physiology prior to stage II or Fontan palliation. However, development of significant aortopulmonary collaterals may invalidate assumptions of the Fick method. We compared CMR and cath flow measurements and evaluated the relation to collateral flow. This single-center study included all pre-stage II and pre-Fontan patients between 2010 and 2017 with CMR and cath within 1 month. Pulmonary (Qp) and systemic flow (Qs) by cath were calculated by Fick method. CMR Qp was calculated by total pulmonary venous flow, and Qs by total vena caval flow. Collateral flow by CMR was the difference of pulmonary vein and pulmonary artery flow. In 26 studies (16 pre-stage II and 10 pre-Fontan) in 21 patients, collateral flow was higher in pre-Fontan patients (1.8 ± 0.6 vs 0.9 ± 0.8 L/min/m2, p = 0.01). Overall, CMR and cath had good agreement for Qs and Qp:Qs, with moderate correlation (r = 0.44, p = 0.02 for Qs, r = 0.48, p = 0.02 for Qp:Qs). In pre-Fontan but not in pre-stage II patients, CMR had higher Qp (mean difference - 1.71 L/min/m2) and Qp:Qs (mean difference - 0.36). The underestimation of cath Qp correlated with amount of collateral flow (r = - 0.47, p = 0.02). Neither cath nor CMR flow measurements correlated with outcomes in this small cohort. In conclusion, collaterals lead to systematically higher Qp and Qp:Qs measurements by CMR vs cath in single ventricle patients. Measurements may not be used interchangeably, with potential clinical significance in estimating pulmonary vascular resistance. Further study is necessary to evaluate possible relation to clinical outcomes.

7.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(6): 970-976, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964501

RESUMO

In repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF), pulmonary insufficiency results in varying degrees of right ventricle (RV) dilation. A subset of patients is diagnosed at initial cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) with a massively dilated RV, far beyond pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) criteria, which is unlikely to return to normal size after PVR. This study aimed to identify risk factors for massive RV dilation at initial CMR. This nested case-control study included all patients at our institution with rTOF and massive RV dilation (indexed RV end-diastolic volume [RVEDVi] ≥200 ml/m2) on initial CMR. Patients were matched by age at first CMR, gender, and type of repair with rTOF controls with RVEDVi<200 ml/m2. In 39 cases (median RVEDVi 227 ml/m2, interquartile range [IQR] 213 to 250) and 73 controls (median RVEDVi 155 ml/m2, IQR 130 to 169), repair at >6 months of age, longer QRS duration, and non-Caucasian race were significantly associated with massive RV dilation on univariate analysis. In multivariate analysis, repair at >6 months of age (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.90, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12 to 7.55, p = 0.03), longer QRS duration (AOR = 1.03, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.05, p = 0.005), and non-Caucasian race (AOR = 7.84, 95% CI 1.76 to 34.8, p = 0.01) remained independently associated with massive RV dilation. Era of repair, history of systemic to pulmonary shunt palliation, genetic anomaly, and additional cardiac lesions did not differ between groups. In conclusion, these risk factors identify a subset of patients who may benefit from earlier CMR evaluation to avoid massive irreversible RV dilation.

8.
Pediatr Transplant ; 24(1): e13647, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885147

RESUMO

Mental health concerns are associated with worse outcomes after adult heart transplant. Illness-specific anxiety is associated with worsened psychological well-being after other solid organ transplants but has never been characterized after pediatric heart transplant. This single-center cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate illness-specific and generalized anxiety after heart transplantation in adolescents. A novel 12-item PHTF, GAD-7, and the PedsQL were administered. Univariate associations of demographics, clinical features, and medication adherence as measured by immunosuppression standard deviation with the PHTF and GAD-7 scores were evaluated. Internal consistency and validity of the PHTF were examined. In total, 30 patients participated. The most common illness-specific fears were retransplantation, rejection, and more generally post-transplant complications. The PHTF had good internal consistency (Cronbach α = .88). Construct validity was demonstrated between PHTF and GAD-7 (r = .62) and PedsQL (r = -.54 to -.62). 23% endorsed moderate to severe generalized anxiety symptoms. More severe symptoms were associated with older age at survey (P = .03), older age at listing (P = .01) and having post-transplant complications (P = .004). Patients with moderate or severe symptoms were more likely to report late immunosuppression doses (P = .004). Illness-specific and generalized anxiety may be prevalent after pediatric heart transplant. Screening for anxiety in adolescents post-transplant may identify those at risk for adverse outcomes including non-adherence. The PHTF is a brief, valid, and reliable instrument identifying illness-specific anxiety in this population.

9.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 108(6): 1849-1855, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31404546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although overall outcomes have improved for single-ventricle patients, substantial morbidity and mortality remain for certain high-risk groups. The hybrid stage I procedure is an alternative to the Norwood operation for stage I palliation, but it remains unclear whether it is associated with improved outcomes in high-risk patients. METHODS: This single-center, nested, case-control study included high-risk patients with a systemic right ventricle who underwent hybrid stage I or Norwood palliation from January 2000 to December 2016. High-risk features included prematurity < 34 weeks, birth weight < 2.5 kg, restrictive/intact atrial septum, at least moderate atrioventricular valve regurgitation or right ventricular dysfunction, genetic or extracardiac anomalies, or left ventricular sinusoids. Patients were matched by presence of genetic anomaly, restrictive/intact atrial septum, and prematurity/weight < 2 kg. Early and midterm outcomes were compared in the matched hybrid vs Norwood groups. RESULTS: The study included 96 patients (35 hybrid, 61 Norwood). Despite improved 30-day survival in hybrid patients (91% vs 66%, P < .01), 1-year survival was similar between the hybrid and Norwood groups (46% vs 48%, P = .9). No hybrid patients required dialysis or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation after stage I palliation as compared with 19% and 22% of Norwood patients, respectively (both P < .01). Hybrid patients, however, required more unplanned reinterventions (43% vs 21%, P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: There remains significant morbidity and mortality among high-risk single-ventricle infants. Despite an early survival benefit, hybrid stage I palliation has not been associated with improved midterm outcomes at our center.

10.
Data Brief ; 25: 104311, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31453292

RESUMO

The placenta is a highly vascular structure composed of both maternal and fetal elements. We have determined that damaging variants in genes responsible for the positive regulation of angiogenesis (PRA) (GO:0045766) that are inherited by the fetus impair fetal growth and placental function in pregnancies involving critical congenital cardiac defects (Russell et al., 2019). In this dataset, we present the specific genetic variants identified, describe the parental origin of each variant where possible and present the analyses regarding the potential effects of parental origin of the variant on placental function and fetal growth. The data presented are related to the research article "Damaging variants in pro-angiogenic genes impair growth in fetuses with cardiac defects" (Russell et al., 2019).

11.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(8): 1633-1637, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468061

RESUMO

We sought to assess acute hemodynamic changes after implementation of negative extrathoracic pressure (NEP) in spontaneously breathing ambulatory Fontan patients with symptomatic heart failure. We hypothesized that application of NEP would result in an acute decrease in pulmonary artery pressure. Ten patients with clinical evidence of Fontan failure underwent baseline hemodynamic catheterization while breathing spontaneously. Hemodynamic measurements were then repeated after 30 min of continuous NEP. After 30 min of continuous NEP, 4/10 patients had a decrease in their Fontan pressure by 2 mmHg and one patient had a decrease by 1 mmHg. There were three patients that had an increase in Fontan pressure by 2 mmHg. In 7/10 patients, indexed pulmonary vascular resistance decreased by an average of 31%. In symptomatic Fontan patients with a favorable hemodynamic response to NEP during catheterization, potential benefit of longer-term NEP to improve clinical status should be explored.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Respiração Artificial/instrumentação , Respiradores de Pressão Negativa , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Adulto Jovem
12.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(7): 1503-1508, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31346663

RESUMO

In patients with D-looped transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA) status post atrial switch operation, the systemic right ventricle (RV) shifts to predominantly circumferential (CS) rather than longitudinal strain (LS), which may represent adaptation or dysfunction. We aimed to evaluate myocardial mechanics in pressure loaded, volume-loaded, and normal RVs by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Patients with D-TGA post atrial switch operation with CMR from 2008 to 2015 were matched 1:1 for age and RV ejection fraction (EF) with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients (volume-loaded RVs), and 1:1 for age with control patients. RV free wall LS and CS were measured using feature tracking software (TomTec, Unterscleissheim, Germany). A total of 32 D-TGA (median age 32 years, 56% male), 32 TOF, and 32 control patients were included. D-TGA patients had less dilatation than TOF patients (125 ± 35 ml/m2 vs. 149 ± 44 ml/m2, p = 0.02) and lower RVEF than controls (42.9 ± 7.7% vs. 56.3 ± 5.6%, p < 0.0001). RV LS was similar in D-TGA and TOF ( - 13.2 ± 4.5% vs. - 14.5 ± 5.9%, p = 0.32), both decreased compared to controls. However, CS in D-TGA was higher than controls ( - 14.1 ± 4.1% vs. - 11.4 ± 4.4%, p = 0.01), with a higher CS:LS ratio (1.2 ± 0.7 vs. 0.6 ± 0.3, p < 0.0001), while CS in TOF and controls did not differ. RVEF in D-TGA correlated closely with CS (r = - 0.85, p < 0.0001) but not LS (r = 0.10, p = 0.58). I n conclusion, CMR can differentiate strain patterns in pressure- and volume-loaded RVs, with decreased LS in both conditions, while systemic RVs compensate with supra-normal CS. CS may be a more clinically relevant measure of RV function in this population.


Assuntos
Transposição das Grandes Artérias/efeitos adversos , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Cardiol Young ; 29(8): 1020-1024, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31208473

RESUMO

Elevated left ventricular end diastolic pressure is a risk factor for ventricular arrhythmias in patients with tetralogy of Fallot. The objective of this retrospective study was to identify echocardiographic measures associated with left ventricular end diastolic pressure >12 mmHg in this population. Repaired tetralogy of Fallot patients age ≥13 years, who underwent a left heart catheterisation within 7 days of having an echocardiogram were evaluated. Univariate comparison was made in echocardiographic and clinical variables between patients with left ventricular end diastolic pressure >12 versus ≤12 mmHg. Ninety-four patients (54% male) with a median age of 24.6 years were included. Thirty-four (36%) had left ventricular end diastolic pressure >12 mmHg. Patients with left ventricular end diastolic pressure >12mmHg were older (median 32.9 versus 24.0 years, p = 0.02), more likely to have a history of an aortopulmonary shunt (62% versus 38%, p = 0.03), and have a diagnosis of hypertension (24% versus 7%, p = 0.03) compared to those with left ventricular end diastolic pressure ≤12 mmHg. There were no significant differences in mitral valve E/A ratio, annular e' velocity, or E/e' ratio between patients with left ventricular end diastolic pressure >12 versus ≤12 mmHg. Patients with left ventricular end diastolic pressure >12mmHg had larger left atrial area (mean 17.7 versus 14.0 cm2, p = 0.03) and larger left atrium anterior-posterior diameter (mean 36.0 versus 30.6 mm, p = 0.004). In conclusion, typical echocardiographic measures of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction may not be reliable in tetralogy of Fallot patients. Prospective studies with the use of novel echocardiographic measures are needed.


Assuntos
Diástole , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Tetralogia de Fallot/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Pediatr ; 212: 73-78, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We previously reported common knowledge deficits and lack of transition readiness in 13- 25-year-olds with congenital or acquired heart disease. The aims of this study were to re-evaluate transition readiness in this cohort at follow-up and to examine the relationship between changes in transition readiness and quality of life (QOL). STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective cohort study, patients completed the Transition Readiness Assessment and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory using an e-tablet, web-based format at a routine follow-up visit. Changes from initial to follow-up scores were evaluated. RESULTS: Sixty-five percent of patients (106 of 164) completed follow-up assessments at a median age of 18.7 years (IQR, 16.5-21.2 years) at a median follow-up of 1 year. The average perceived knowledge deficit score (percent of items with no knowledge) at follow-up was 18.0 ± 15.2%, which decreased from 24.7 ± 16.5% (P < .0001). On a 100-point scale, the mean score for self-efficacy increased from 71.4 ± 17.0 to 76.7 ± 18.2 (P = .0004) and for self-management increased from 47.9 ± 18.4 to 52.0 ± 20.7 (P = .004). Although physical QOL did not change, the mean psychosocial QOL score increased significantly (P = .02). A decrease in the knowledge deficit score at follow-up was significantly associated with an increased psychosocial QOL score (P = .03). An increase in the self-efficacy score was associated with an increase in psychosocial QOL score (P = .04), especially social QOL (P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: Although deficits in knowledge and self-management skills persist, transition readiness assessment and recognition of deficits can improve transition readiness with improved psychosocial QOL.

15.
J Pediatr ; 213: 103-109, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227283

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of damaging genetic variation in proangiogenic pathways on placental function, complications of pregnancy, fetal growth, and clinical outcomes in pregnancies with fetal congenital heart defect. STUDY DESIGN: Families delivering a baby with a congenital heart defect requiring surgical repair in infancy were recruited. The placenta and neonate were weighed and measured. Hemodynamic variables were recorded from a third trimester (36.4 ± 1.7 weeks) fetal echocardiogram. Exome sequencing was performed on the probands (N = 133) and consented parents (114 parent-child trios, and 15 parent-child duos) and the GeneVetter analysis tool used to identify damaging coding sequence variants in 163 genes associated with the positive regulation of angiogenesis (PRA) (GO:0045766). RESULTS: In total, 117 damaging variants were identified in PRA genes in 133 congenital heart defect probands with 73 subjects having at least 1 variant. Presence of a damaging PRA variant was associated with increased umbilical artery pulsatility index (mean 1.11 with variant vs 1.00 without; P = .01). The presence of a damaging PRA variant was also associated with lower neonatal length and head circumference for age z score at birth (mean -0.44 and -0.47 with variant vs 0.23 and -0.05 without; P = .01 and .04, respectively). During median 3.1 years (IQR 2.0-4.1 years) of follow-up, deaths occurred in 2 of 60 (3.3%) subjects with no PRA variant and in 9 of 73 (12.3%) subjects with 1 or more PRA variants (P = .06). CONCLUSIONS: Damaging variants in proangiogenic genes may impact placental function and are associated with impaired fetal growth in pregnancies involving a fetus with congenital heart defect.

16.
Pediatr Crit Care Med ; 20(8): 728-736, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30985609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the variation in timing of left atrial decompression and its association with clinical outcomes in pediatric patients supported with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation across a multicenter cohort. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study. SETTING: Eleven pediatric hospitals within the United States. PATIENTS: Patients less than 18 years on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation who underwent left atrial decompression from 2004 to 2016. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: A total of 137 patients (median age, 4.7 yr) were included. Cardiomyopathy was the most common diagnosis (47%). Cardiac arrest (39%) and low cardiac output (50%) were the most common extracorporeal membrane oxygenation indications. Median time to left atrial decompression was 6.2 hours (interquartile range, 3.8-17.2 hr) with the optimal cut-point of greater than or equal to 18 hours for late decompression determined by receiver operating characteristic curve. In univariate analysis, late decompression was associated with longer extracorporeal membrane oxygenation duration (median 8.5 vs 5 d; p = 0.02). In multivariable analysis taking into account clinical confounder and center effects, late decompression remained significantly associated with prolonged extracorporeal membrane oxygenation duration (adjusted odds ratio, 4.4; p = 0.002). Late decompression was also associated with longer duration of mechanical ventilation (adjusted odds ratio, 4.8; p = 0.002). Timing of decompression was not associated with in-hospital survival (p = 0.36) or overall survival (p = 0.42) with median follow-up of 3.2 years. CONCLUSIONS: In this multicenter study of pediatric patients receiving venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, late left atrial decompression (≥ 18 hr) was associated with longer duration of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support and mechanical ventilation. Although no survival benefit was demonstrated, the known morbidities associated with prolonged extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use may justify a recommendation for early left atrial decompression.

17.
Cardiol Young ; 29(3): 398-407, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30806343

RESUMO

IntroductionTo identify interstage best practices associated with lower mortality, we studied National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative centres registry using a positive deviance approach. METHODS: Positive deviant and control centre team members were interviewed to identify potential interstage best practices. Subsequently, all collaborative centres were surveyed on the use of these practices to test their associations with centre mortality. Questionnaires were scored using Likert scales; the overall score was linearly transformed to a 0-100-point scale with higher scores indicating increased use of practices. Mortality was based on patients enrolled after a centre's first year in the collaborative. Centre mortality rates were divided into tertiles. Survey scores for the low mortality tertile were compared with the other tertiles. RESULTS: For this study, seven positive deviant and four control teams were interviewed. A total of 20 potential best practices were identified, including team composition, improvement practices, and parent involvement. Questionnaires were completed by 36/43 eligible centres, providing 1504 patients for analysis. Average survey score was 50.2 (SD 13.4). Average mortality was 6.1% (SD 4.1). There was no correlation between survey scores and mortality (r=0.14, p=0.41). The one practice associated with the low mortality tertile was frequency of discussion of interstage results: 58.3% of low mortality teams discussed results at least monthly versus 8.4% of the middle and high tertile centres (p=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Low-mortality centres more frequently discuss interstage results than high-mortality centres. Heightened awareness of outcomes may influence practice; however, further study is needed to understand the variation in outcomes across centres.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/cirurgia , Procedimentos de Norwood/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade , Sistema de Registros , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/mortalidade , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
Pediatr Transplant ; 23(3): e13373, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30734455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite advancements in treatment and survival, pediatric organ failure and transplant populations continue to face significant risks of morbidity and mortality. Little scientific attention has been given to addressing the end-of-life care needs of this growing population of young people. This study characterized current practices, beliefs, and challenges specific to the disclosure of prognosis and end-of-life care topics among providers caring for pediatric organ failure and transplant populations. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 144 healthcare providers actively caring for children, adolescents, and young adults with organ failure or solid organ transplant history. Participants completed an electronic survey measuring frequency and comfort in discussing the following topics with patients and parents: prognosis/survival statistics, re-transplantation, advance care planning (ACP), and death/dying. Descriptive statistics, two-sample t tests, and analysis of variance were used. RESULTS: Fewer than half of respondents regularly discuss prognosis/survival statistics and potential need for re-transplantation with their pediatric and young adult patients. Less than 20% of providers engage their pediatric patients in ACP discussions, and approximately 30% facilitate such discussions with young adult patients. Pediatric organ failure and transplant providers endorse a number of barriers specific to discussing these topics. CONCLUSION: Pediatric organ failure and transplant providers do not regularly discuss prognosis or end-of-life care topics with this patient population. Communication-focused intervention research is needed to improve honest and compassionate discussion of these topics that is aligned with both patients' and parents' needs and preferences.

19.
J Heart Lung Transplant ; 38(1): 17-25, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30391195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The influence of Fontan-associated protein-losing enteropathy's (PLE) severity, duration, and treatment on heart transplant (HTx) outcomes is unknown. We hypothesized that long-standing PLE and PLE requiring more intensive therapy are associated with increased post-HTx mortality. METHODS: This 12-center, retrospective cohort study of post-Fontan patients with PLE referred for HTx from 2003 to 2015 involved collection of demographic, medical, surgical, and catheterization data, as well as PLE-specific data, including duration of disease, intensity/details of treatment, hospitalizations, and complications. Factors associated with waitlist and post-HTx outcomes and PLE resolution were sought. RESULTS: Eighty patients (median of 5 per center) were referred for HTx evaluation. Of 68 patients listed for HTx, 8 were removed due to deterioration, 4 died waiting, and 4 remain listed. In 52 patients undergoing HTx, post-HTx 1-month survival was 92% and 1-year survival was 83%. PLE-specific factors, including duration of PLE pre-HTx, pre-HTx hospitalizations, need for/frequency of albumin replacement, PLE therapies, and growth parameters had no association with post-HTx mortality. Immunosuppressant regimen was associated with mortality; standard mycophenolate mofetil immunotherapy was used in 95% of survivors compared with only 44% of non-survivors (p = 0.03). Rejection (53%) and infection (42%) post-HTx were common, but not associated with PLE-specific factors. PLE resolved completely in all but 1 HTx survivor at a median of 1 month (interquartile range 1 to 3 months); resolution was not affected by PLE-specific factors. CONCLUSIONS: PLE severity, duration, and treatment do not influence post-HTx outcome, but immunosuppressive regimen may have an impact on survival. PLE resolves in nearly all survivors.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Enteropatias Perdedoras de Proteínas/etiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prognóstico , Enteropatias Perdedoras de Proteínas/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 39(8): 1627-1634, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30310939

RESUMO

Recurrence of subaortic stenosis (SubAS) is up to ~ 19% following resection. Historically, treatment has consisted of membrane resection alone. This study investigated the effect of routine septal myectomy in addition to membrane resection. A single-center retrospective review was performed in all patients < 18 years of age undergoing membrane resection with septal myectomy for SubAS from 2003 to 2013. Demographic, perioperative, and follow-up data were collected. Freedom from reoperation and risk factors for reoperation were determined. 107 patients (median age 4.8 years) were included. There was one in-hospital death, five patients (5%) requiring pacemaker, and no iatrogenic ventricular septal defects. Follow-up was 80% complete and median follow-up was 4.9 years (range 0.5-12 years). Fourteen (16%) subjects required reoperation. Freedom from reoperation was 98% at 1 year, 86% at 5 years, and 69% at 10 years (Fig. 1). There was no difference in decrease of peak gradient between subjects who did and did not require reoperation (- 47 vs. - 40 mmHg; p = 0.59). In univariate analysis, chromosomal anomaly (hazard ratio [HR] 5.0, p = 0.02), smaller body surface area (HR 0.1, p = 0.03), and younger age at surgery (HR 0.7, p = 0.01) were significantly associated with reoperation. The routine use of myectomy with membrane excision did not result in a lower rate of reoperation or higher rates of complications compared to historical controls. Younger age, smaller size, and chromosomal anomaly were associated with increased risk for reoperation. Patients with these risk factors may benefit from more intensive long-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Estenose Subaórtica Fixa/cirurgia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA