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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 245: 118948, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980759

RESUMO

Adulterated sesame oil seriously damages the interests of consumers and the health of market. In this paper, a simple, fast and real-time model for identifying adulterated sesame oil (ASO) was proposed by combining 3D fluorescence spectra with wavelet moments (WMs). First, noise and data volume of the experimental data were reduced by wavelet multiresolution decomposition (WMRSD), which improved the stability and real-time of the model. Next, WMs were used to extract the features of the 3D fluorescence spectra and proved to be effective by hierarchical clustering results. Then, the qualitative quality of WMs of the same orders, different orders and the combinations were evaluated by Dunn's validity index (DVI), and the rules were given, respectively. Finally, the target WMs for identifying ASO were determined. This model is simple and fast, and expandable to online measurement, providing a reference for identification and adulteration of vegetable oils.

2.
BMJ Open ; 10(11): e038678, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148738

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with locally advanced prostate cancer are at high risk of recurrence after definitive treatment. There are emerging data that radical prostatectomy can delay the progression of castration resistance and potentially prolong survival. Neoadjuvant radiation therapy improves local control and has shown survival benefit with favourable toxicity profiles in several other malignancies. We have designed this trial to investigate whether this combination, which theoretically maximises local control, is a safe and feasible approach for treating locally advanced prostate cancer. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study is a phase I, open-label study to investigate the safety and feasibility of neoadjuvant hormone and radiation therapy followed by robot-assisted radical prostatectomy by a traditional 3+3 dose-escalation design with four planned radiation dose levels (39.6 Gy/22F, 45 Gy/25F, 50.4 Gy/28F and 54 Gy/30F). Locally advanced prostate cancer patients with positive pelvic and/or retroperitoneal lymph nodes will be recruited. The primary objective is to determine the adverse events and maximal tolerable dose (MTD) of neoadjuvant radiotherapy. Toxicity will be assessed using the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria V.5.0. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This protocol was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Shanghai Changhai Hospital (ref. CHEC2019-070 and CHEC2019-082). The study will be performed in compliance with applicable local legislation and in accordance with the ethical principles developed by the World Medical Association in the Declaration of Helsinki 2013. Study results will be disseminated through conferences and peer-reviewed scientific journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBERS: ChiCTR1900022716; ChiCTR1900022754.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; : 124283, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187796

RESUMO

Cardamine violifolia was found here to accumulate selenium (Se) to over 9000 mg kg-1 dry weight. To investigate the mechanism of Se accumulation and tolerance in C. violifolia, metabolome, transcriptome, and proteome technologies were applied to C. violifolia seedlings treated with selenate. Several sulfate transporter (Sultr) genes (Sultr1;1, Sultr1;2, and Sultr2;1) and sulfur assimilatory enzyme genes showed high expression levels in response to selenate. Many calcium protein and cysteine-rich kinase genes of C. violifolia were downregulated, whereas selenium-binding protein 1 (SBP1) and protein sulfur deficiency-induced 2 (SDI2) of C. violifolia were upregulated by selenate. The expression of genes involved in the ribosome and posttranslational modifications and chaperones in C. violifolia were also detected in response to selenate. Based on the results of this study and previous findings, we suggest that the downregulated expression of calcium proteins and cysteine-rich kinases, and the upregulated expression of SBP1 and SDI2, were important contributors to the Se tolerance of C. violifolia. The downregulation of cysteine-rich kinases and calcium proteins would enhance Se tolerance of C. violifolia is a novel proposition that has not been reported on other Se hyperaccumulators. This study provides us novel insights to understand Se accumulation and tolerance in plants.

4.
Cell Metab ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181091

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains an unmet medical challenge. We investigated metabolic dysregulation in TNBCs by using our multi-omics database (n = 465, the largest to date). TNBC samples were classified into three heterogeneous metabolic-pathway-based subtypes (MPSs) with distinct metabolic features: MPS1, the lipogenic subtype with upregulated lipid metabolism; MPS2, the glycolytic subtype with upregulated carbohydrate and nucleotide metabolism; and MPS3, the mixed subtype with partial pathway dysregulation. These subtypes were validated by metabolomic profiling of 72 samples. These three subtypes had distinct prognoses, molecular subtype distributions, and genomic alterations. Moreover, MPS1 TNBCs were more sensitive to metabolic inhibitors targeting fatty acid synthesis, whereas MPS2 TNBCs showed higher sensitivity to inhibitors targeting glycolysis. Importantly, inhibition of lactate dehydrogenase could enhance tumor response to anti-PD-1 immunotherapy in MPS2 TNBCs. Collectively, our analysis demonstrated the metabolic heterogeneity of TNBCs and enabled the development of personalized therapies targeting unique tumor metabolic profiles.

5.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-13, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174773

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to explore the role of the basal forebrain (BF) in propofol anaesthesia. METHODS: In the present study, we observed the neural activities of the BF during propofol anaesthesia using calcium fibre photometry recording. Subsequently, ibotenic acid was injected into the BF to verify the role of the BF in propofol anaesthesia. Finally, to test whether GABAA receptors in the BF were involved in modulating propofol anaesthesia, muscimol (GABAA receptor agonist) and gabazine (GABAA receptor antagonist) were microinjected into the BF. Cortical electroencephalogram (EEG), time to loss of righting reflex (LORR), and recovery of righting reflex (RORR) under propofol anaesthesia were recorded and analysed. RESULTS: The activity of BF neurons was inhibited during induction of propofol anaesthesia and activated during emergence from propofol anaesthesia. In addition, non-specifical lesion of BF neurons significantly prolonged the time to RORR and increased delta power in the frontal cortex under propofol anaesthesia. Next, microinjection of muscimol into the BF delayed emergence from propofol anaesthesia, increased delta power of the frontal cortex, and decreased gamma power under propofol anaesthesia. Conversely, infusion of gabazine accelerated emergence times and decreased EEG delta power. CONCLUSIONS: The basal forebrain is involved in modulating frontal cortex delta activity and emergence from propofol anaesthesia. Additionally, the GABAA receptors in the basal forebrain are involved in regulating emergence propofol anaesthesia.

6.
Database (Oxford) ; 20202020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216897

RESUMO

Rattus norvegicus, or the rat, has been widely used as animal models for a diversity of human diseases in the last 150 years. The rat, as a disease model, has the advantage of relatively large body size and highly similar physiology to humans. In drug discovery, rat models are routinely used in drug efficacy and toxicity assessments. To facilitate molecular pharmacology studies in rats, we present the predicted rat interactome database (PRID), which is a database of high-quality predicted functional gene interactions with balanced sensitivity and specificity. PRID integrates functional gene association data from 10 public databases and infers 305 939 putative functional associations, which are expected to include 13.02% of all rat protein interactions, and 52.59% of these function associations may represent protein interactions. This set of functional interactions may not only facilitate hypothesis formulation in molecular mechanism studies, but also serve as a reference interactome for users to perform gene set linkage analysis (GSLA), which is a web-based tool to infer the potential functional impacts of a set of changed genes observed in transcriptomics analyses. In a case study, we show that GSLA based on PRID may provide more precise and informative annotations for investigators to understand the physiological mechanisms underlying a phenotype and lead investigators to testable hypotheses for further studies. Widely used functional annotation tools such as Gene Ontology (GO) analysis, and Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) did not provide similar insights. Database URL: http://rat.biomedtzc.cn.

7.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 580380, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133023

RESUMO

Aims: To compare the effects of maternal subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) diagnosed by the 2011 or 2017 "Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association (ATA) for the diagnosis and management of thyroid disease during pregnancy and the postpartum" during the first trimester on adverse pregnancy outcomes in thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb)-negative pregnant women. Methods: There were 1,556 Chinese singleton pregnant women with negative TPOAb diagnosed with either SCH or euthyroidism who were investigated, and the prevalence and risk of obstetric outcomes were compared between the two groups using 2011 and 2017 ATA standards, respectively. The effects of a mildly elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration on adverse pregnancy outcomes were evaluated by binary logistic regression. Results: Maternal SCH identified by the 2011 ATA guidelines correlated with higher rates and risks of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), preeclampsia, and low-birth-weight infants, while maternal SCH diagnosed by the 2017 ATA guidelines was more likely to develop PIH, preeclampsia, cesarean delivery, preterm delivery, placenta previa, and total adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Moreover, a mildly elevated TSH level was significantly associated with PIH after adjustment for confounding factors. Conclusions: Compared with the 2011 ATA guidelines, the 2017 ATA guidelines could be more applicable to Chinese pregnant women to screen the effects of SCH on the majority of adverse pregnancy outcomes.

8.
RNA Biol ; : 1-12, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151124

RESUMO

Treatment of central nervous system (CNS) demyelination is greatly hindered by lack of the knowledge regarding to underlying molecular mechanisms as well as therapeutic agents. Here, we report a novel small molecule agent, gastrodin (GAS), which can significantly promote CNS myelination in in vivo mice models. By using high-throughput sequencing analysis, we discover a key long non-coding RNA Gm7237 that can enhance CNS myelination and is up-regulated by GAS. Through using bioinformatic analysis and experimental validations, we further unravel that microRNA-142a (miR-142a) and its target myelin gene regulatory factor (MRF) is under the direct regulation by Gm7237. Finally, we demonstrate that Gm7237/miR-142a/MRF axis is the key pathway involved in CNS myelination mediated by GAS. Overall, our results provide not only a novel agent for therapeutic treatment of CNS demyelination but also a molecular basis responsible for GAS-promoted CNS myelination.

9.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124187

RESUMO

Sustained hyperglycaemia and hyperlipidaemia incur endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction in pancreatic ß-cells. ER stress or ROS causes c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation, and the activated JNK triggers apoptosis in different cells. Nuclear receptor subfamily 4 group A member 1 (NR4A1) is an inducible multi-stress response factor. The aim of this study was to explore the role of NR4A1 in counteracting JNK activation induced by ER stress or ROS and the related mechanism. qPCR, Western blotting, dual-luciferase reporter and ChIP assays were applied to detect gene expression or regulation by NR4A1. Immunofluorescence was used to detect a specific protein expression in ß-cells. Our data showed that NR4A1 reduced the phosphorylated JNK (p-JNK) in MIN6 cells encountering ER stress or ROS and reduced MKK4 protein in a proteasome-dependent manner. We found that NR4A1 increased the expression of cbl-b (an E3 ligase); knocking down cbl-b expression increased MKK4 and p-JNK levels under ER stress or ROS conditions. We elucidated that NR4A1 enhanced the transactivation of cbl-b promoter by physical association. We further confirmed that cbl-b expression in ß-cells was reduced in NR4A1-knockout mice compared with WT mice. NR4A1 down-regulates JNK activation by ER stress or ROS in ß-cells via enhancing cbl-b expression.

10.
Biol Direct ; 15(1): 20, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The nematode worm, Caenorhabditis elegans, is a saprophytic species that has been emerging as a standard model organism since the early 1960s. This species is useful in numerous fields, including developmental biology, neurobiology, and ageing. A high-quality comprehensive molecular interaction network is needed to facilitate molecular mechanism studies in C. elegans. RESULTS: We present the predicted functional interactome of Caenorhabditis elegans (FIC), which integrates functional association data from 10 public databases to infer functional gene interactions on diverse functional perspectives. In this work, FIC includes 108,550 putative functional associations with balanced sensitivity and specificity, which are expected to cover 21.42% of all C. elegans protein interactions, and 29.25% of these associations may represent protein interactions. Based on FIC, we developed a gene set linkage analysis (GSLA) web tool to interpret potential functional impacts from a set of differentially expressed genes observed in transcriptome analyses. CONCLUSION: We present the predicted C. elegans interactome database FIC, which is a high-quality database of predicted functional interactions among genes. The functional interactions in FIC serve as a good reference interactome for GSLA to annotate differentially expressed genes for their potential functional impacts. In a case study, the FIC/GSLA system shows more comprehensive and concise annotations compared to other widely used gene set annotation tools, including PANTHER and DAVID. FIC and its associated GSLA are available at the website http://worm.biomedtzc.cn .

11.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 492, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardamine violifolia, native to China, is one of the selenium (Se) hyperaccumulators. The mechanism of Se metabolism and tolerance remains unclear, and only limited genetic information is currently available. Therefore, we combined a PacBio single-molecule real-time (SMRT) transcriptome library and the Illumina RNA-seq data of sodium selenate (Na2SeO4)-treated C. violifolia to further reveal the molecular mechanism of Se metabolism. RESULTS: The concentrations of the total, inorganic, and organic Se in C. violifolia seedlings significantly increased as the Na2SeO4 treatment concentration increased. From SMRT full-length transcriptome of C. violifolia, we obtained 26,745 annotated nonredundant transcripts, 14,269 simple sequence repeats, 283 alternative splices, and 3407 transcription factors. Fifty-one genes from 134 transcripts were identified to be involved in Se metabolism, including transporter, assimilatory enzyme, and several specific genes. Analysis of Illumina RNA-Seq data showed that a total of 948 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were filtered from the four groups with Na2SeO4 treatment, among which 11 DEGs were related to Se metabolism. The enrichment analysis of KEGG pathways of all the DEGs showed that they were significantly enriched in five pathways, such as hormone signal transduction and plant-pathogen interaction pathways. Four genes related to Se metabolism, adenosine triphosphate sulfurase 1, adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate reductase 3, cysteine (Cys) desulfurase 1, and serine acetyltransferase 2, were regulated by lncRNAs. Twenty potential hub genes (e.g., sulfate transporter 1;1, Cys synthase, methionine gamma-lyase, and Se-binding protein 1) were screened and identified to play important roles in Se accumulation and tolerance in C. violifolia as concluded by weighted gene correlation network analysis. Based on combinative analysis of expression profiling and annotation of genes as well as Se speciation and concentration in C. violifolia under the treatments with different Na2SeO4 concentrations, a putative Se metabolism and assimilation pathway in C. violifolia was proposed. CONCLUSION: Our data provide abundant information on putative gene transcriptions and pathway involved in Se metabolism of C. violifolia. The findings present a genetic resource and provide novel insights into the mechanism of Se hyperaccumulation in C. violifolia.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(11): 5201-5214, 2020 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124265

RESUMO

Olfactory microorganisms mainly include actinomycetes, algae, and myxobacteria, and are widely found in typical water ecosystems such as water source reservoirs, lakes, streams, and oceans. Biologically-derived taste and odor compounds can cause severe off-flavor problems at trace concentrations, threatening the safety of water supplies. Physical and chemical methods have been implemented, but they need to be improved and optimized. Microbial methods show attractive prospects due to their environmentally friendly characteristics. This article reviews the literature regarding the types, biological sources, detection methods, control measures, influencing factors, and odor-producing mechanisms of microbial methods. Future research directions and fields of investigation are discussed in order to promote the related research of taste and odor compounds and ensure the safety of urban water supplies.


Assuntos
Odorantes , Paladar , Ecossistema , Lagos , Abastecimento de Água
13.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 4957238, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963696

RESUMO

Nowadays, reperfusion is still the most effective treatment for ischemic heart disease. However, cardiac reperfusion therapy would lead to reperfusion injury, which may have resulted from endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) during reperfusion. Diazoxide (DZ) is a highly selective mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channel opener. Its protective effect on I/R injury has been confirmed in many organs such as the heart and brain. However, the mechanism of its protective effect has not been fully elucidated. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are widely involved in pathologies of heart disease. In this study, we found that miR-10a expression was highly upregulated in the myocardial I/R groups, and DZ treatment significantly reduced the expression of miR-10a. More importantly, we found that DZ treatment can moderate ERS via regulation of the miR-10a/IRE1 pathway in the I/R and H/R models, thereby protecting myocardial H/R injury.

14.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 26(11): 1121-1133, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881314

RESUMO

AIMS: General anesthesia has been applied in surgery for more than 170 years, and there is little doubt that GABAA receptors have an important role as anesthetic molecular targets, but its neural mechanisms remain unclear. Increasing researchers have shown that dopaminergic pathways in the brain are crucial for sleep and wake. General anesthesia-induced unconsciousness and natural sleep share some neural correlates. However, the role of GABAA receptors in ventral periaqueductal gray (vPAG) dopamine (DA) neurons in the isoflurane-induced unconsciousness has yet to be identified. METHODS: In the present study, we used calcium fiber photometry recording to explore that the activity of ventral periaqueductal gray (vPAG) neurons. Then, rats were unilaterally microinjected with 6-hydroxydopamine into the vPAG area to determine the role of vPAG-DA neurons in isoflurane-induced-anesthesia. Furthermore, thirty SD rats were divided into three groups: a GABAA R agonist-muscimol group, a GABAA R antagonist-gabazine group, and a control group. Finally, whole-cell patch clamp was used to examine the effects of isoflurane and GABAA receptor agonist/antagonist on vPAG-DA neurons. RESULTS: The vPAG neurons were markedly inhibited during isoflurane anesthesia induction and that these neurons were activated during emergence from isoflurane anesthesia. Lesion to the vPAG-DA neurons shortened the induction time and prolonged the emergence time while increasing δ power in isoflurane anesthesia. Intracerebral injection of the GABAA receptor agonist (muscimol) into the vPAG accelerated the induction of anesthesia and delayed recovery from isoflurane anesthesia, with a decrease of δ power and an augment of ß power. Injection of GABAA receptor antagonist gabazine generated the opposite effects. Isoflurane enhanced GABAergic transmission, and GABAA receptor agonist partly increased isoflurane-induced inhibition of vPAG-DA neurons, while GABAA receptor antagonist evidently attenuated GABAergic transmission. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that vPAG-DA neurons are involved in isoflurane anesthesia through activation of the GABAA receptor.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991287

RESUMO

Numerous studies have shown that microRNAs are associated with the occurrence and development of human diseases. Thus, studying disease-associated miRNAs is significantly valuable to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. In this paper, we proposed a novel method based on matrix completion and non-negative matrix factorization (MCNMF) for predicting disease-associated miRNAs. Due to the information inadequacy on miRNA similarities and disease similarities, we calculated the latter via two models, and introduced the Gaussian interaction profile kernel similarity. In addition, the matrix completion (MC) was employed to further replenish the miRNA and disease similarities to improve the prediction performance. And to reduce the sparsity of miRNA-disease association matrix, the method of weighted K nearest neighbor (WKNKN) was used, which is a pre-processing step. We also utilized non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) using dual L2,1-norm, graph Laplacian regularization, and Tikhonov regularization to effectively avoid the overfitting during the prediction. Finally, several experiments and a case study were implemented to evaluate the effectiveness and performance of the proposed MCNMF model. The results indicated that our method could reliably and effectively predict disease-associated miRNAs.

16.
Thromb Res ; 194: 82-90, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788125

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Edoxaban is a direct oral factor Xa inhibitor with proven antithrombotic effects. However, the risk of bleeding and all-cause mortality in patients with edoxaban versus vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) is unclear. METHODS: We systematically searched all published studies of edoxaban versus VKAs. PubMed, CENTRAL databases and www.clinicaltrial.gov were searched for relevant articles published from January 1966 to 20 February 2020. All phase III randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the risk of bleeding and all-cause mortality in patients with edoxaban versus VKAs were included in our meta-analysis. Both random- and fixed-effects models were used to pool data across phase III RCTs. RESULTS: We included four trials that met our inclusion criteria (n = 33,077). They included patients with atrial fibrillation (3 trials, n = 24,847), venous thromboembolism (VTE) or pulmonary embolism (PE) (1 trial, n = 8240). Edoxaban was associated with reduced risks of major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding (CRNM) events (OR: 0.78, 95% CI: 0.68-0.89), any bleeding events (OR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.72-0.80), and intracranial bleeding events (OR: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.29-0.48). They had a similar risk of gastro-intestinal bleeding (OR: 0.95, 95% CI: 0.79-1.13), death from any cause (OR: 0.97, 95% CI: 0.80-1.19), stroke (OR: 1.00, 95% CI: 0.88-1.14) and systemic embolic events (OR: 0.93, 95% CI: 0.57-1.51) between edoxaban and VKAs. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to VKAs, edoxaban is safe as a direct oral anticoagulant, with respect to reduced risk of major or CRNM, intracranial bleeding events, and similar risk of gastro-intestinal bleeding events and all-cause mortality.

17.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transient receptor potential melastatin 3 (TRPM3) is a non-selective cation channel that plays a pivotal role in the peripheral nervous system as a transducer of painful heat signals. Alternative splicing gives rise to several TRPM3 variants. The functional consequences of these splice isoforms are poorly understood. Here, the pharmacological properties of TRPM3 variants arising from alternative splicing in the pore-forming region were compared. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Calcium microfluorimetry and patch clamp recordings were used to compare the properties of heterologously expressed TRPM3α1 (long pore variant) and TRPM3α2-α6 (short pore variants). Furthermore, site-directed mutagenesis was done to investigate the influence of the length of the pore loop on the channel function. KEY RESULTS: All short pore loop TRPM3α variants (TRPM3α2-α6) were activated by the neurosteroid pregnenolone sulphate (PS) and by nifedipine, whereas the long pore loop variant TRPM3α1 was insensitive to either compound. In contrast, TRPM3α1 was robustly activated by clotrimazole, a compound that does not directly activate the short pore variants but potentiates their responses to PS. Clotrimazole-activated TRPM3α1 currents were largely insensitive to established TRPM3α2 antagonists and were only partially inhibited upon activation of the µ opioid receptor. Finally, by creating a set of mutant channels with pore loops of intermediate length, we showed that the length of the pore loop dictates differential channel activation by PS and clotrimazole. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Alternative splicing in the pore-forming region of TRPM3 defines the channel's pharmacological properties, which depend critically on the length of the pore-forming loop.

18.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 204: 111045, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745785

RESUMO

Cardamine violifolia (Brassicaceae) is a novel selenium(Se) hyperaccumulation plant with rich nutrients, and serves as a good source of special vegetables in Enshi, China. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the application of selenate, selenite, and Se yeast (50-800 mg/L) on the growth, Se accumulation, nutrient uptake, and antioxidant response of C. violifolia. The results showed that the Se accumulation efficiency was selenate > selenite > Se yeast, the maximum Se concentration could achieve over 7000 mg/kg, and about 90% was organic Se. The major Se speciation found was mainly SeCys2 and the proportion of various Se species were affected by the Se forms and concentrations. Besides, the plant growth, nutrition quality indexes, element uptakes, and antioxidant responses indicated that 200 mg/L selenate was optimum for C. violifolia to accumulate Se without much impacts, while to obtain more proportion of organic Se, 200 mg/L selenite might be a better choice.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Cardamine/fisiologia , Ácido Selênico/metabolismo , Ácido Selenioso/metabolismo , Selênio/metabolismo , Fermento Seco/química , Bioacumulação , Cardamine/química , Cardamine/enzimologia , Cardamine/crescimento & desenvolvimento , China , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Elementos , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição , Valor Nutritivo
19.
BMC Vet Res ; 16(1): 286, 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With evidence of warming climates, it is important to understand the effects of heat stress in farm animals in order to minimize production losses. Studying the changes in the brain proteome induced by heat stress may aid in understanding how heat stress affects brain function. The hypothalamus is a critical region in the brain that controls the pituitary gland, which is responsible for the secretion of several important hormones. In this study, we examined the hypothalamic protein profile of 10 pigs (15 ± 1 kg body weight), with five subjected to heat stress (35 ± 1 °C; relative humidity = 90%) and five acting as controls (28 ± 3 °C; RH = 90%). RESULT: The isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) analysis of the hypothalamus identified 1710 peptides corresponding to 360 proteins, including 295 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs), 148 of which were up-regulated and 147 down-regulated, in heat-stressed animals. The Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software predicted 30 canonical pathways, four functional groups, and four regulatory networks of interest. The DEPs were mainly concentrated in the cytoskeleton of the pig hypothalamus during heat stress. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, heat stress significantly increased the body temperature and reduced daily gain of body weight in pigs. Furthermore, we identified 295 differentially expressed proteins, 147 of which were down-regulated and 148 up-regulated in hypothalamus of heat stressed pigs. The IPA showed that the DEPs identified in the study are involved in cell death and survival, cellular assembly and organization, and cellular function and maintenance, in relation to neurological disease, metabolic disease, immunological disease, inflammatory disease, and inflammatory response. We hypothesize that a malfunction of the hypothalamus may destroy the host physical and immune function, resulting in decreased growth performance and immunosuppression in heat stressed pigs.

20.
Yeast ; 37(11): 573-583, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738156

RESUMO

Saccharomyces cerevisiae, budding yeast, is a widely used model organism and research tool in genetics studies. Many efforts have been directed at constructing a high-quality comprehensive molecular interaction network to elucidate the design logic of the gene circuitries in this classic model organism. In this work, we present the yeast interactome resource (YIR), which includes 22,238 putative functional gene interactions inferred from functional gene association data integrated from 10 databases focusing on diverse functional perspectives. These putative functional gene interactions are expected to cover 18.84% of yeast protein interactions, and 38.49% may represent protein interactions. Based on the YIR, a gene set linkage analysis (GSLA) web tool was developed to annotate the potential functional impacts of a set of transcriptionally changed genes. In a case study, we show that the YIR/GSLA system produced more extensive and concise annotations compared with widely used gene set annotation tools, including PANTHER and DAVID. Both YIR and GSLA are accessible through the website http://yeast.biomedtzc.cn.

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