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1.
Clin Immunol ; 214: 108387, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32194234

RESUMO

Biallelic variants in BLNK cause primary B-cell immunodeficiency that usually results in absence of B cells and immunoglobulin. Here, we identified disease-causing variant(s) in two unrelated Chinese patients with agammaglobulinemia. Patient 1 showed a moderate reduction in total B-cell count but demonstrated both extremely low levels of memory B-cells and lower levels of memory T cells relative to those in healthy controls. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) revealed a novel heterozygous splice variant (c.676+1G>A), and suggested exon 9 deletion from BLNK, which was subsequently validated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. For Patient 2, WES revealed novel compound heterozygous of a frameshift variant (p.T152Pfs*6) and a synonymous variant (c.525G>A) that resulted in exon 6 skipping, according to cDNA sequencing. These findings represent the first report of a BLNK-deficient patient presenting with impaired memory B-cell and memory T-cell development. Furthermore, this study is the first reporting a pathogenic synonymous splice variant in BLNK.

2.
J Biophotonics ; : e201960243, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077244

RESUMO

Light-sheet fluorescence microscopy (LSFM) allows volumetric live imaging at high-speed and with low photo-toxicity. Various LSFM modalities are commercially available, but their size and cost limit their access by the research community. A new method, termed sub-voxel-resolving (SVR) light-sheet add-on microscopy (SLAM), is presented to enable fast, resolution-enhanced light-sheet fluorescence imaging from a conventional wide-field microscope. This method contains two components: a miniature add-on device to regular wide-field microscopes, which contains a horizontal laser light-sheet illumination path to confine fluorophore excitation at the vicinity of the focal plane for optical sectioning; an off-axis scanning strategy and a SVR algorithm that utilizes sub-voxel spatial shifts to reconstruct the image volume that results in a twofold increase in resolution. SLAM method has been applied to observe the muscle activity change of crawling C. elegans, the heartbeat of developing zebrafish embryo, and the neural anatomy of cleared mouse brains, at high spatiotemporal resolution. It provides an efficient and cost-effective solution to convert the vast number of in-service microscopes for fast 3D live imaging with voxel-super-resolved capability.

3.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 64: 105039, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097866

RESUMO

A sonochemical reactor was developed to study the ultrasound-assisted cyanide extraction of gold from gold ore at low temperature. The effects of ultrasound on gold leaching in low temperature and conventional conditions were investigated. At the low temperature of 10 °C, ultrasound-assisted extraction increased extraction rate of gold by 0.6%-0.8% and reduced the gold content of cyanide tailings to 0.28 g/t in the leaching of gold concentrate and cyanide tailings, respectively. At the conventional temperature of 25 °C, ultrasound-assisted extraction obtained a 0.1% higher extraction rate of gold compared with conventional extraction, with the unit consumption of NaCN reduction of 15%. The analysis of kinetic model also demonstrated that sonication indeed improved the reaction of gold leaching greatly. The mineralogy and morphology of ore were further analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and particle size analyzer to explore the strengthening mechanism of gold leaching. The results showed that the ore particles were smashed, the ore particle surface was peeled, the passive film was destroyed and the reaction resistance decreased under ultrasonic processing. Therefore, the extraction rate of gold was improved and the extraction time was shortened significantly in ultrasound-assisted cyanide extraction.

4.
J Mol Neurosci ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31942680

RESUMO

Mutations in the rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 9 gene (ARHGEF9) are present in patients with heterogeneous phenotypes including psychomotor developmental delay and variable degrees of epilepsy. Malfunction of collybistin (CB) encoded by ARHGEF9 leading to impaired clustering of gephyrin-dependent glycine receptors and γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAα) receptors is a crucial pathogenic mechanism. Here, we report on three patients with epilepsy and mental retardation. We studied three male patients with epilepsy and mild to moderate mental retardation. We conducted targeted panel sequencing of genes known to cause inherited disorders. In vitro studies and transcriptional experiments were performed to evaluate the functional and splicing effects of these variants on CB. Two novel missense variants (p.I294T and p.R357I) and one novel splicing variant (c.381+3A>G) in ARHGEF9 were identified in the three patients, respectively. In vitro studies confirmed that the two missense variants disrupted CB-mediated accumulation of gephyrin in submembrane microclusters. Transcriptional experiments of the splicing variant revealed the presence of aberrant transcripts leading to truncated protein product. Significance: Our cases and functional studies enrich our understanding of the phenotypic and genotypic spectrum of ARHGEF9.

5.
Haematologica ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974191

RESUMO

Hemophilia B is an X-linked recessive bleeding disorder caused by abnormalities in the coagulation factor IX gene. Without prophylactic treatment, patients experience frequent spontaneous bleeding episodes. Well-characterized animal models are valuable for determining the pathobiology of the disease and testing novel therapeutic innovations. Here, we generated a porcine model of hemophilia B using a combination of CRISPR/Cas9 and somatic cell nuclear transfer. Moreover, we tested the possibility of hemophilia B therapy by gene insertion. Frequent spontaneous joint bleeding episodes that occurred in hemophilia B pigs allowed a thorough investigation of the pathological process of hemophilic arthropathy. In contrast to the hemophilia B pigs, which showed a severe bleeding tendency and joint damage, the transgenic pigs carrying human coagulation factor IX exhibited a partial improvement of bleeding. In summary, this study not only offers a translational hemophilia B model for exploring the pathological process of hemophilic arthropathy but also provides a possibility for the permanent correction of hemophilia in the future by genome editing in situ.

6.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol ; 47(3): 439-448, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587336

RESUMO

Dysregulation of long non-coding RNA papillary thyroid carcinoma susceptibility candidate 3 (lncRNA PTCSC3) has been found to correlate with various types of cancers. Quantitative RT-PCR showed a down-regulation of PTCSC3 in cervical cancer tissues compared with normal cervical tissues. The present study aimed to investigate the role of lncRNA PTCSC3 in cervical cancer and the underlying mechanisms. PTCSC3 was overexpressed in cervical cancer cell lines C-33A and Hela by transfection with pcDNA3.1-lncRNA PTCSC3 expressing plasmid. Overexpression of lncRNA PTCSC3 inhibited cell proliferation, induced cell cycle arrest, and suppressed cell invasion and migration using CCK8 assay, flow cytometry, Transwell assay and wound healing examination, respectively. Western blotting analysis showed that PTCSC3 overexpression decreased the expression of cyclinD1, matrix metalloproteinases 9 (MMP9), N-cadherin and ß-catenin and increased E-cadherin expression. Further, PTCSC3 negatively regulated miR-574-5p expression and dual-luciferase assay verified the binding activity between miR-574-5p and lncRNA PTCSC3. Enforced up-regulation of miR-574-5p abolished the inhibitory effect of lncRNA PTCSC3 on cervical cancer cell proliferation, invasiveness and mobility. Taken together, lncRNA PTCSC3 inhibited cell growth and metastasis via sponging miR-574-5p in cervical cancer. Therefore, we demonstrate the tumour-suppressive function of lncRNA PTCSC3 in cervical cancer and suggest that PTCSC3 is a potential therapeutic target for cervical cancer.

7.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 77(4): 719-733, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302752

RESUMO

Cytidine base editors (CBEs) have been demonstrated to be useful for precisely inducing C:G-to-T:A base mutations in various organisms. In this study, we showed that the BE4-Gam system induced the targeted C-to-T base conversion in porcine blastocysts at an efficiency of 66.7-71.4% via the injection of a single sgRNA targeting a xeno-antigen-related gene and BE4-Gam mRNA. Furthermore, the efficiency of simultaneous three gene base conversion via the injection of three targeting sgRNAs and BE4-Gam mRNA into porcine parthenogenetic embryos was 18.1%. We also obtained beta-1,4-N-acetyl-galactosaminyl transferase 2, alpha-1,3-galactosyltransferase, and cytidine monophosphate-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase deficient pig by somatic cell nuclear transfer, which exhibited significantly decreased activity. In addition, a new CBE version (termed AncBE4max) was used to edit genes in blastocysts and porcine fibroblasts (PFFs) for the first time. While this new version demonstrated a three genes base-editing rate of 71.4% at the porcine GGTA1, B4galNT2, and CMAH loci, it increased the frequency of bystander edits, which ranged from 17.8 to 71.4%. In this study, we efficiently and precisely mutated bases in porcine blastocysts and PFFs using CBEs and successfully generated C-to-T and C-to-G mutations in pigs. These results suggest that CBEs provide a more simple and efficient method for improving economic traits, reducing the breeding cycle, and increasing disease tolerance in pigs, thus aiding in the development of human disease models.

8.
J Hazard Mater ; 385: 121570, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753669

RESUMO

Hierarchical and heterogeneous CuO/NiO nanowall arrays were in situ grown on ceramic tubes via a facile template-free hydrothermal route, and then were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and nitrogen adsorption-desorption techniques. The resultant composites exhibit network-like CuO/NiO array structures constructed by interconnected porous nanosheets, in which the decoration of CuO nanoparticles in NiO nanowall arrays was confirmed by XRD, XPS and TEM analyses. The 2.84 at % CuO decorated NiO sensor exhibits excellent sensing properties at 133 °C. The response to 5 ppm H2S attains 36.9, which increases as high as 5.6 times compared to the NiO one. The detection limit to H2S is further decreased from 1 ppb for the pure NiO sensor to 0.5 ppb. The CuO/NiO sensor shows a wide linear range from 50 to 1000 ppb, good repeatability, selectivity and long-term stability, which is expected to be a candidate for ppb-level H2S detection in real and complex environment of industrial production. Furthermore, the dominant H2S sensing mechanism is discussed from the view of the homo- and hierarchical architecture of the CuO/NiO arrays as well as the chemical and electronic sensitization effects of CuO decoration.

9.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 22(4): 359-369, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30829054

RESUMO

Eighteen uronic acid derivatives were designed and synthesized, and the cytotoxicities in vitro of two cancer cell lines (BEL7402 and SGC7901) were evaluated by MTT assay. The results showed that the inhibitory rate of the compounds on both cell lines was significantly higher than the parent compound. The IC50 of compounds II4, II6, III4, and III6 are comparable or stronger than the positive control drug, the interactions between compounds II4, II6, III4, III6, and NF-κB were also studied by docking simulations.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triterpenos
10.
Brain Stimul ; 13(1): 109-116, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been explored in epilepsy with limited samples, varied parameters, and inconclusive results. We aimed to study the efficacy of tDCS for patients with refractory focal epilepsy. METHOD: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled, and three-arm (Group 1 (sham), Group 2 (20-min), and Group 3 (2 × 20-min)) tDCS parallel multicenter study. The primary outcome measurement was seizure frequencies (SFs). The study consisted of 28-days baseline, 14-days treatment, and 56-days follow-up. The cathode was placed over the epileptogenic focus, and the current intensity was 2 mA. The generalized estimating equations model, one-way analysis of variance, chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis test were used for analysis. RESULTS: Of the 82 enrolled patients, 70 patients were included for final analysis (Group 1, n = 21; Group 2, n = 24; and Group 3, n = 25). There was a significant reduction in SFs for both active tDCS groups compared with the sham group. Patients in Group 2 showed a significantly 50.73-21.91% greater reduction in SFs that lasted for 4 weeks (p = 0.008-0.060). Patients in Group 3 showed a significantly 63.19-49.79% greater reduction in SFs compared with the sham group that lasted for 5 weeks (p = 0.011-0.045). Patients in Group 3 had a 64.98-66.32% greater reduction in SFs at W9-W10, when compared with Group 2 (p = 0.021-0.022). CONCLUSION: Fourteen consecutive days tDCS significantly decreased SFs in patients with refractory focal epilepsy, with 2 × 20-min daily stimulation protocol being superior to 20-min daily stimulation protocol.

11.
Antiviral Res ; 174: 104696, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862502

RESUMO

A wide range of endemic and epidemic viruses, including classic swine fever virus (CSFV), pseudorabies virus (PRV) and others, are among the most economically important pathogens in pigs and have severely affected the national economy, human health and animal welfare and productivity. The RSAD2 exhibits antiviral activity against various DNA and RNA viruses. In this study, we successfully accomplished site-specific insertion of the porcine RSAD2 gene (pRSAD2) at the porcine ROSA26 (pROSA26) locus, generating pRSAD2 gene knock-in (pRSAD2-KI) PK-15 cells and porcine foetal fibroblasts (PFFs) via CRISPR/Cas9 technology. Gene expression analysis confirmed that pRSAD2-KI cells stably and efficiently overexpressed the pRSAD2 gene. Furthermore, viral challenge studies in vitro indicated that site-specific integration of the pRSAD2 gene not only effectively reduced CSFV infection but also PRV infection. More importantly, we ultimately successfully produced a pRSAD2-KI pig that constitutively overexpressed the pRSAD2, viral challenge results indicated that fibroblasts isolated from the pRSAD2-KI pig reduced CSFV infection. Taken together, these results suggest that CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knock-in strategy can be used for producing pRSAD2-KI pigs.

12.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 8(2): e1097, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Y-chromosomal genetic marker haplotypes of individuals can define the paternal kinship or genealogies to which they belong and further provide clues for forensic individual identifications. Studying the genetic structure of the Mongolian group will help to bring to light the Mongolian ethnic origin, and explicate the genetic affinities among the studied and compared populations. Some forensic scientists have studied the genetic background of the Mongolian group based on different molecular genetic markers. These studies were of very great reference significance for the Mongolian group genetic research, whereas the investigation of Y-STR haplotype data in the Xinjiang Mongolian group is still insufficient. METHODS: Genetic characteristics of 182 unrelated healthy male Mongolian individuals were revealed by 41 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat and 3 insertion/deletion molecular genetic markers. Furthermore, analyses of molecular variance programs, multi-dimensional scaling plots, and phylogenetic tree reconstructions were operated to explore the genetic relationships of the Xinjiang Mongolian group with comparative 23 populations from China and 33 populations from worldwide nations. RESULTS: The genetic diversity values ranged from 0.0641 (rs771783753) to 0.9502 (DYF387S1). A total of 165 distinct haplotypes were identified, of which 150 (90.91%) were unique. The discrimination capacity, match probability, and haplotype diversity of 44 loci were 0.9066, 0.0067, and 0.9988, respectively. Additionally, the Mongolian group had the most intimate relationship with Gansu Dongxiang (RST  = 0.0165), followed by HulunBuir Mongolian (RST  = 0.0187), Inner Mongolia Daur (RST  = 0.0202) as well as other three minority ethnic groups from the Xinjiang region (RST  < 0.05) in all compared Chinese populations, and clustered together with the majority of Asian populations in a worldwide scale. CONCLUSIONS: Consequently, the 44 loci could be well applied in forensic applications of the Mongolian group. The haplotypes available in here made new contributions to the existing population genetic information and would be of great value in population studies.

13.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 368, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gingiva-derived mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) obtained multipotent differentiation and immunomodulatory properties. However, collecting healthy gingival tissues may be challenging in the clinical situation. Thus, in our present study, we aim to evaluate whether the immunomodulatory capacity of gingiva-derived mesenchymal stem cells from inflamed gingival tissues (iGMSCs) is impaired and find a way to rescue their deficient properties. METHODS: We compared the immunomodulation capacity of GMSCs and iGMSCs using an in vitro co-culture system and a mouse colitis model. T cell apoptosis, T helper 17 (Th17), and regulatory T (Treg) cell differentiation were detected by flow cytometry analysis. RESULTS: We demonstrated that iGMSCs obtained a decreased immunomodulatory capacity compared with GMSCs. Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) pretreatment was able to rescue iGMSCs' impaired immunomodulatory properties. Mechanistically, ASA was capable of upregulating the expression of Fas ligand (FasL) in iGMSCs, leading to an improvement in iGMSC-mediated T cell apoptosis and therapeutic efficacy in the treatment in colitis mice. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that the deficient immunomodulatory function of iGMSCs could be rescued by ASA pretreatment via upregulating of FasL in mice. This strategy might serve as a practical approach to rescue deficient MSC function for further therapeutic application.

14.
Front Oncol ; 9: 1050, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681588

RESUMO

Background and purpose: Adaptive radiotherapy (ART) can compensate for the dosimetric impacts induced by anatomic and geometric variations in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC); Yet, the need for ART can only be assessed during the radiation treatment and the implementation of ART is resource intensive. Therefore, we aimed to determine tumoral biomarkers using pre-treatment MR images for predicting ART eligibility in NPC patients prior to the start of treatment. Methods: Seventy patients with biopsy-proven NPC (Stage II-IVB) in 2015 were enrolled into this retrospective study. Pre-treatment contrast-enhanced T1-w (CET1-w), T2-w MR images were processed and filtered using Laplacian of Gaussian (LoG) filter before radiomic features extraction. A total of 479 radiomics features, including the first-order (n = 90), shape (n = 14), and texture features (n = 375), were initially extracted from Gross-Tumor-Volume of primary tumor (GTVnp) using CET1-w, T2-w MR images. Patients were randomly divided into a training set (n = 51) and testing set (n = 19). The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) logistic regression model was applied for radiomic model construction in training set to select the most predictive features to predict patients who were replanned and assessed in the testing set. A double cross-validation approach of 100 resampled iterations with 3-fold nested cross-validation was employed in LASSO during model construction. The predictive performance of each model was evaluated using the area under the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC). Results: In the present cohort, 13 of 70 patients (18.6%) underwent ART. Average AUCs in training and testing sets were 0.962 (95%CI: 0.961-0.963) and 0.852 (95%CI: 0.847-0.857) with 8 selected features for CET1-w model; 0.895 (95%CI: 0.893-0.896) and 0.750 (95%CI: 0.745-0.755) with 6 selected features for T2-w model; and 0.984 (95%CI: 0.983-0.984) and 0.930 (95%CI: 0.928-0.933) with 6 selected features for joint T1-T2 model, respectively. In general, the joint T1-T2 model outperformed either CET1-w or T2-w model alone. Conclusions: Our study successfully showed promising capability of MRI-based radiomics features for pre-treatment identification of ART eligibility in NPC patients.

15.
Front Chem ; 7: 682, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681732

RESUMO

Bone defects, massive bone defects in particular, is still an issue clinically. Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), also known as aspirin, has been proven to be conducive for mesenchymal stem cells osteogenic differentiation, which may be benefited for bone regeneration. In order to achieve a more appealing prognosis of bone defect, here we develop a well-defined tetra-PEG hydrogel sealant with rapid gelation speed, strong tissue adhesion, and high mechanical strength. After in-situ encapsulation of aspirin, this drug-loaded tetra-PEG hydrogel possessed a sustained release, anti-inflammation, and osteoinductive properties. In vitro experiments showed that the cell proliferation was slightly facilitated, and the osteogenic differentiation was notably augmented when periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) were co-incubating with the hydrogel materials. Moreover, in vivo study manifested that the aspirin sustained release system significantly facilitated the PDLSCs mediated bone defect regeneration. Overall, tetra-PEG hydrogel-based aspirin sustained release system is applicable not only for enhancing the osteogenesis capacity of PDLSC but also providing a new thought of bone regenerative therapy.

16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(95): 14343-14346, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720592

RESUMO

Tremella-like MoS2 nano-sheets were directly synthesized on transition metal sulfides (TMS) via a solvothermal method, displaying extreme activities towards hydrogen and oxygen evolution in alkaline condition. The enhanced performance is attributed to the synergistic effect between the MoS2 shell and TMS yolk, expanded interlayer distance and the hierarchical structure.

17.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(11)2019 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is one of the most common dominantly inherited genetic disorders worldwide, with an age-dependent phenotypic expression. Exploring the mutational spectrum and clinical presentation of NF1 patients at different ages from a diverse population will aid the understanding of genotype-phenotype correlations. METHODS: In this study, 95 Chinese children with clinical suspicion of NF1 mainly due to the presence of multiple café-au-lait macules (CALMs) were subjected to medical exome-sequencing analysis and Sanger confirmation of pathogenic variants. Clinical presentations were evaluated regarding dermatological, ocular, neurological, and behavioral features. RESULTS: Pathogenic or likely pathogenic NF1 variants were detected in 71.6% (68/95) of patients; 20 pathogenic variants were not previously reported, indicating that Chinese NF1 patients are still understudied. Parental Sanger sequencing confirmation revealed 77.9% of de novo variants, a percentage that was much higher than expected. The presence of a higher number of NF1-related features at young ages was correlated with positive diagnostic findings. In addition to CALMs, neurological and behavioral features had a high expression among Chinese NF1 children. We attempted to correlate short stature with the locations of the pathogenic variants across the NF1 gene. It is interesting to notice that variants detected in the C-terminal region of the NF1 gene were less likely to be associated with short stature among the NF1 patients, whereas variants at the N-terminal were highly penetrant for the short stature phenotype. CONCLUSION: Novel NF1 pathogenic variants are yet to be uncovered in under-studied NF1 patient populations; their identification will help to reveal novel genotype-phenotype correlations.

18.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 265, 2019 11 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gain-of-function pathogenic variants of the Erb-B2 receptor tyrosine kinase 3 (ERBB3) gene contribute to the occurrence and development of a variety of human carcinomas through activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling. ERBB3 gene homozygous germline variants, whose loss of function may cause autosomal recessive congenital contractural syndrome, were recently identified. This study aims to identify the disease-causing gene in a Chinese pedigree with variable phenotypes involving multiple systems, including developmental delay, postnatal growth retardation, transient lower limb asymmetry, facial malformations, atrioventricular canal malformation, bilateral nystagmus and amblyopia, feeding difficulties, immunodeficiency, anemia, and liver damage, but without congenital contracture. METHODS: Trio-whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed to identify the disease-causing gene in a 24-month-old Chinese female patient. The pathogenicity of the identified variants was evaluated using in silico tools and in vitro functional studies. RESULTS: Trio-WES revealed compound heterozygous variants of c.1253 T > C (p.I418T) and c.3182dupA (p.N1061Kfs*16) in the ERBB3 gene. Functional studies showed that p.I418T resulted in normal expression of ERBB3, which was capable of interacting with ERBB2. However, the variant impaired ERBB3 phosphorylation, consequently blocking ERBB2 phosphorylation and AKT and ERK activation. The truncated protein resulting from the c.3182dupA variant also lacked the capacity to activate downstream signaling pathways. CONCLUSIONS: We report the first patient with a novel multisystem syndrome disorder without congenital contracture resulting from biallelic loss-of-function variants of ERBB3.

19.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 8853-8862, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754305

RESUMO

Background: CDKN2B antisense RNA 1 (CDKN2B-AS1), a long noncoding RNA, was reported to play crucial roles in the progression of multiple cancers. However, the functional roles and regulatory mechanism of CDKN2B-AS1 in human laryngeal squamous cell cancer (LSCC) remain unclear. The goals of this study were to investigate biological roles and underlying mechanisms of CDKN2B-AS1 in LSCC. Methods: The expressions of CDKN2B-AS1, miR-497 and cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6) were detected in LSCC tissues and cell lines by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). The effects of CDKN2B-AS1 on LSCC cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion were examined by corresponding experiments. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase activity assay were applied to analyze the interaction between CDKN2B-AS1 and miR-497. Results: The expression of CDKN2B-AS1 was significantly higher in LSCC tissues than in adjacent normal tissues. Higher CDKN2B-AS1 was closely associated with lymph node metastasis and advanced clinical stage. Moreover, CDKN2B-AS1 knockdown by siRNA significantly inhibited the proliferation, induced cell apoptosis, and suppressed migration and invasion in LSCC cells. Mechanically, CDKN2B functions as an oncogenic lncRNA in LSCC via regulating miR-497/CDK6 axis. Conclusion: The observations in this study identify CDKN2B-AS1 an oncogenic role in the tumorigenesis of LSCC by regulating miR-497/CDK6 axis and indicate that it may serve as a potential target for LSCC treatment.

20.
Nanoscale ; 11(48): 23206-23216, 2019 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782479

RESUMO

Fuel cells are expected to be one of the most promising alternatives to the increasingly scarce fossil fuels, and Pt is the most commonly used catalyst for anodic and cathodic electrochemical reactions. To realize large-scale commercialization, it is most urgent to improve the efficiency of Pt and reduce the cost. Here, we synthesized an octahedral Pt-Ni-Ir yolk-shell catalyst through stepwise co-deposition (SCD), surface-limited Pt deposition (SLPD) and Ni-coordinating etching (NCE) processes. Experimental studies showed that the catalytic activities of the as-prepared trimetal yolk-shell catalyst were several times higher than that of the commercial Pt/C towards oxygen reduction and methanol oxidization under both acidic and alkaline conditions. This work may be extended to designing other multimetallic functional materials with complex hierarchical nanostructures, which is conducive to greatly enhancing the performance.

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