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1.
Rhinology ; 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32441707

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate preoperative prediction of the malignant transformation of sinonasal inverted papilloma (SNIP) is essential for radical resection of tumours and prevention of recurrence. We here explored the predictive value of preoperative computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODOLOGY: The study was performed on 268 patients with SNIP with (n = 78) or without (n = 190) coexistent malignant transformation. We used univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis method to screen for independent risk factors, and established a nomogram model. Finally, using receiver operating characteristic curves, we assessed the diagnostic value of the independent risk factors for malignant transformation of SNIP. RESULTS: We identified bone erosion on CT, change in convoluted cerebriform pattern (CCP) on MRI, and washout-type time intensity curve (TIC) of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI were independent predictors of malignant transformation of SNIP. The scores of these three independent risk factors from the nomogram model were 10, 7 and 8, respectively. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for predicting SNIP malignancy was 0.954 for the nomogram model, 0.826 for bone erosion, 0.776 for washout-type TIC, and 0.810 for CCP mutation. CONCLUSIONS: Of the independent risk factors and related combination identified, the nomogram model based on bone destruction on CT, CCP mutation on MRI, and washout-type TIC of DCE-MRI had the best predictive value for malignant transformation of SNIP.

2.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) escapes growth inhibition by upregulating hexokinase 2 (HK2); however, the mechanism by which tumor cells upregulate HK2 remains unclear. AIM: We aimed to investigate the role of androgen receptor (AR) signalling in promoting HK2 expression in HCC. METHODS: The expressions of AR and HK2 in HCC tissues were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Cell proliferation was determined using the CCK-8 assay, and the molecular mechanism of AR in the regulation of HK2 was evaluated by immunoblotting and luciferase assays. RESULTS: AR expression is positively correlated with HK2 staining by an immunohistochemical analysis. The manipulation of AR expression changed HK2 expression and glycolysis. AR signaling promoted the growth of HCC by enhancing HK2-mediated glycolysis. Moreover, AR stimulated HK2 levels and glycolysis by potentiating protein kinase A/cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element-binding (CREB) protein signaling. CREB silencing decreased HK2 expression and inhibited AR-mediated HCC glycolysis. AR affected the sensitivity of HCC cells to glycolysis inhibitors by regulating downstream phosphorylated (p)-CREB. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that AR at least partially induced glycolysis via p-CREB regulation of HK2 in HCC cells. Thus, this pathway should be considered for the design of novel therapeutic methods to target AR-overexpressing HCC.

3.
Colorectal Dis ; 2020 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277562

RESUMO

AIM: The aim was to explore the diagnostic value of computed tomographic colonography (CTC) compared with conventional colonoscopy in individuals at high risk for colorectal cancer. METHOD: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and the Web of Science were searched by two independent reviewers for potentially eligible studies published up to 31 October 2018 that were based on a per-patient analysis. stata, meta-disc and revman were used to perform this meta-analysis. A random-effect model was used, and a subgroup analysis was conducted to explore the sources of heterogeneity. RESULTS: A total of 14 full-text articles, involving 3578 patients, were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio and the area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curve of CTC for detecting polyps ≥ 6 mm were 0.87 (95% CI 0.83-0.90), 0.90 (95% CI 0.86-0.93), 9.08 (95% CI 6.28-13.13), 0.14 (95% CI 0.11-0.18) and 0.94 (95% CI 0.92-0.96), respectively. For polyps ≥ 10 mm, the pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio and negative likelihood ratio of CTC were 0.91 (95% CI 0.86-0.94), 0.98 (95% CI 0.95-0.99), 40.36 (95% CI 19.16-85.03), 0.90 (95% CI 0.06-0.14) and 0.98 (95% CI 0.96-0.99), respectively. CONCLUSION: In this meta-analysis, CTC had high diagnostic accuracy for detecting polyps ≥ 6 mm and ≥ 10 mm in patients at high risk of developing colorectal cancer and it had a higher sensitivity and specificity for detecting polyps ≥ 10 mm than polyps ≥ 6 mm. However, the results should be used cautiously due to the significant heterogeneity.

4.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(3): 222-227, 2020 Mar 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311892

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical features and prognostic factors of primary systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) . Methods: 40 ALCL cases treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University from January 2013 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: ① With a median age of 41 (14-67) years, there were 29 males and 11 females, 36 patients (90.0%) had Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ tumors, 23 patients (57.5%) were in high-intermediate or high international prognostic index (IPI) risk group. 25 patients (62.5%) had B symptoms, such as fever, emaciation and night sweat.38 patients (95.0%) had extranodal invasion, 25 patients (62.5%) had higher LDH level, and 25 patients (62.5%) had high expression of Ki-67 (80% or more) . With 22 ALK(+) patients (55.0%) and 18 ALK(-) patients (45.0%) , there was a significantly difference in the median age of the two groups [29 (14-67) years old vs 51.5 (19-67) years old, P=0.003]. ② All patients received chemotherapy, 18 cases were treated with CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vindesine, prednisone) , 12 cases with ECHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vindesine, prednisone, etoposide) , 10 cases with other treatments and 26 patients (65.0%) obtained complete remission (CR) . ALK(-) (P=0.029, OR=13.458) and Ki-67 expression of 80% or more (P=0.04, OR=14.453) were independent factors of CR rate, the CR rate of ECHOP chemotherapy was higher than CHOP chemotherapy (P=0.026) . ③ LDH level, IPI score, ALK expression and chemotherapy regimen had significantly effect on progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The study shows that primary systemic ALCL usually occurs in males, the average age of ALK(+) patients were younger than ALK(-) patients. Most patients are in stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ with extranodal invasion, more than half of the patients have B symptoms, elevated LDH, and high expression of Ki-67. The expression level of Ki-67, ALK expression, and chemotherapy regimen have prognostic value for CR rate, the LDH level, IPI score, ALK expression and chemotherapy regimen for PFS and OS. ECHOP is a better choice with improved prognosis.

5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(7): 076402, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32142308

RESUMO

The bulk electronic structure of T_{d}-MoTe_{2} features large hole Fermi pockets at the Brillouin zone center (Γ) and two electron Fermi surfaces along the Γ-X direction. However, the large hole pockets, whose existence has important implications for the Weyl physics of T_{d}-MoTe_{2}, has never been conclusively detected in quantum oscillations. This raises doubt about the realizability of Majorana states in T_{d}-MoTe_{2}, because these exotic states rely on the existence of Weyl points, which originated from the same band structure predicted by density functional theory (DFT). Here, we report an unambiguous detection of these elusive hole pockets via Shubnikov-de Haas (SdH) quantum oscillations. At ambient pressure, the quantum oscillation frequencies for these pockets are 988 and 1513 T, when the magnetic field is applied along the c axis. The quasiparticle effective masses m^{*} associated with these frequencies are 1.50 and 2.77 m_{e}, respectively, indicating the importance of Coulomb interactions in this system. We further measure the SdH oscillations under pressure. At 13 kbar, we detected a peak at 1798 T with m^{*}=2.86m_{e}. Relative to the oscillation data at a lower pressure, the amplitude of this peak experienced an enhancement, which can be attributed to the reduced curvature of the hole pockets under pressure. Combining our experimental data with DFT+U calculations, where U is the Hubbard parameter, our results shed light on why these important hole pockets have not been detected until now.

6.
J Hum Nutr Diet ; 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32128920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the present study, we aimed to (i) examine perceptions of achieving calcium and vitamin D recommended dietary allowance (RDA) and (ii) determine how participants talked about food in relation to RDA recommendations. METHODS: Participants aged ≥50 years who were prescribed osteoporosis medication and received two modes of bone health education were eligible. Relying on a qualitative description design, we interviewed participants 1 month after they had attended an education session and received a self-management booklet. Calcium and vitamin D intakes were estimated by in-depth questions about diet and supplements and compared with perceptions of achieved RDA levels. Interview transcripts were analysed based on an analytic hierarchical process. RESULTS: Forty-five participants (29 reporting previous fragility fractures) were included. Calcium and vitamin D RDA appeared to be potentially achieved by 64% and 93% of participants, respectively, primarily because of reliance on supplements. Few participants talked about vitamin D in relation to food intake and 49% of participants were unclear about the calcium content of food. Most considered that a healthy diet was equivalent to a calcium-rich diet. We noted no differences in our findings in the subset of individuals with fragility fractures. CONCLUSIONS: Despite reporting a prescription for osteoporosis medication and receiving bone health education, a substantial number of individuals appeared to have sub-optimal calcium levels. This may be attributed to the challenge of achieving RDA with diet alone and the misconception of a healthy diet as a calcium-rich diet.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 719: 137411, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145491

RESUMO

The application of excessive fertilizer represents a primary source of entry for perchlorate into crop systems and thus has raised widespread concern regarding food safety. Several studies have reported the occurrence of perchlorate in vegetables. However, limited information is available on the fate of perchlorate in the soil-plant system. In this study, we performed field experiments to evaluate the effects of the application rate of Chilean nitrate fertilizer and the type of fertilization (manual or fertigation) on the uptake of perchlorate by plants grown in open fields. Interestingly, in the control, chard and spinach accumulated 21.3 and 25.9 µg kg-1, respectively. For both agronomic practices, the content of perchlorate in chard and spinach increased as the fertilizer application rate increased, with fertigation promoting more significant accumulations. Spinach accumulated almost two times more perchlorate than chard for all treatments; however, the concentrations generally remained below regulatory values. The intake of spinach and chard presented a low risk to human health for all age groups. These findings enhance our understanding of the environmental impact of the use of fertilizers in agriculture and food safety.


Assuntos
Beta vulgaris , Solo , Spinacia oleracea , Agricultura , Chile , Fertilizantes , Percloratos , Medição de Risco
8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 915-921, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016998

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influences of rapamycin on proliferation and apoptosis of human osteosarcoma MG-63 cells and the mechanisms of action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The human osteosarcoma MG-63 cells were randomly divided into Control group, Rapamycin group, and Rapamycin + Beclin-1 plasmid transfection group. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was adopted to detect the viability of MG-63 cells in each group, and the 5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) staining and Hoechst staining were applied to determine the proliferation and apoptosis, respectively, of MG-63 cells in each group. The levels of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits, and the protein expression levels of Beclin-1 and Vps34 in each group of MG-63 cells were tested using the Western blotting. RESULTS: Compared with the Control group, Rapamycin group, and Rapamycin + Beclin-1 plasmid transfection group had markedly weakened the viability of MG-63 cells, inhibited cell proliferation, remarkably increased cell apoptosis rate, elevated Bax level, notably declined Bcl-2 level, and significantly raised the levels of Beclin-1 and Vps34 proteins in MG-63 cells. Besides, the effects in Beclin-1 plasmid transfection group were stronger. CONCLUSIONS: Rapamycin may decrease the viability, inhibit the proliferation, and promote the apoptosis of MG-63 cells by activating autophagy.

9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(1): 74-78, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062946

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between exposure to famine in fetus and infant period and the risks for hypertension in adulthood. Methods: A total of 5 960 participants born between 1956 and 1965 were included in the study and were divided into unexposed group (1963-1965), fetal exposed group (1959-1961), early- childhood exposed group (1956-1958) and transitional group (1962). Logistic regression model was used to explore the association between famine exposure in early life and the risk for hypertension in adulthood. Results: Both the fetal exposure and the early-childhood exposure were the risk factors for hypertension in adulthood (OR=1.249, 95%CI: 1.049-1.486 and OR=1.360, 95%CI: 1.102-1.679). Meanwhile, in rural area, compared with unexposed group, the fetal exposure (OR=1.401, 95%CI: 1.091-1.798) and the early-childhood exposure (OR=1.460, 95%CI: 1.145-1.862) were also associated with a greater risk of hypertension in adulthood. In addition, fetal exposure and early-childhood exposure to famine in women were associated with 36.0% and 31.9% increased risks for hypertension (95%CI: 7.8%-71.7% and 95%CI: 4.8%-66.0%) according to the stratified analysis. Conclusion: Fetal exposure to famine might increase the risk for hypertension in adulthood.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Inanição , Adulto , Criança , China , Fome Epidêmica , Feminino , Feto , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Lactente , Gravidez , Inanição/complicações
11.
Ann Oncol ; 31(2): 310-317, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The addition of atezolizumab to carboplatin and etoposide (CP/ET) significantly improved progression-free and overall survival for patients with extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) in the IMpower133 study (NCT02763579). We have evaluated adverse events (AEs) and patient-reported outcomes in IMpower133 to assess the benefit-risk profile of this regimen. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients received four 21-day cycles of CP/ET plus intravenous atezolizumab 1200 mg or placebo (induction phase), followed by atezolizumab or placebo (maintenance phase) until progression or loss of benefit. AEs were assessed and patient-reported outcomes were evaluated every 3 weeks during treatment using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 30 (QLQ-C30) and QLQ-LC13. RESULTS: Overall, 394 patients were assessable for safety in the induction phase and 318 in the maintenance phase. The frequency of AEs, grade 3-4 AEs, and serious AEs was similar between arms in both phases. Immune-related AEs were more frequent in the atezolizumab arm during both induction (28% versus 17%; leading to atezolizumab/placebo interruption 9% versus 5%, leading to withdrawal 4% versus 0%) and maintenance (26% versus 15%; leading to atezolizumab/placebo interruption, 3% versus 2%, leading to withdrawal 1% versus 1%), most commonly rash (induction 11% versus 9%, maintenance 14% versus 4%), and hypothyroidism (induction 4.0% versus 0%, maintenance 10% versus 1%). Changes in patient-reported treatment-related symptoms commonly associated with quality of life impairment were generally similar during induction and most of the maintenance phase. Patient-reported function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) improved in both arms after initiating treatment, with more pronounced and persistent HRQoL improvements in the atezolizumab arm. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ES-SCLC, atezolizumab plus CP/ET has a comparable safety profile to placebo plus CP/ET, and the addition of atezolizumab did not adversely impact patient-reported HRQoL. These data demonstrate the positive benefit-risk profile of first-line atezolizumab plus CP/ET in ES-SCLC and further support this regimen as a new standard of care in this setting. CLINICAL TRIALS NUMBER: NCT02763579.

12.
Br J Dermatol ; 182(3): 754-762, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pioneering effort has been made to facilitate the recognition of pathology in malignancies based on whole-slide images (WSIs) through deep learning approaches. It remains unclear whether we can accurately detect and locate basal cell carcinoma (BCC) using smartphone-captured images. OBJECTIVES: To develop deep neural network frameworks for accurate BCC recognition and segmentation based on smartphone-captured microscopic ocular images (MOIs). METHODS: We collected a total of 8046 MOIs, 6610 of which had binary classification labels and the other 1436 had pixelwise annotations. Meanwhile, 128 WSIs were collected for comparison. Two deep learning frameworks were created. The 'cascade' framework had a classification model for identifying hard cases (images with low prediction confidence) and a segmentation model for further in-depth analysis of the hard cases. The 'segmentation' framework directly segmented and classified all images. Sensitivity, specificity and area under the curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the overall performance of BCC recognition. RESULTS: The MOI- and WSI-based models achieved comparable AUCs around 0·95. The 'cascade' framework achieved 0·93 sensitivity and 0·91 specificity. The 'segmentation' framework was more accurate but required more computational resources, achieving 0·97 sensitivity, 0·94 specificity and 0·987 AUC. The runtime of the 'segmentation' framework was 15·3 ± 3·9 s per image, whereas the 'cascade' framework took 4·1 ± 1·4 s. Additionally, the 'segmentation' framework achieved 0·863 mean intersection over union. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the accessible MOIs via smartphone photography, we developed two deep learning frameworks for recognizing BCC pathology with high sensitivity and specificity. This work opens a new avenue for automatic BCC diagnosis in different clinical scenarios. What's already known about this topic? The diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is labour intensive due to the large number of images to be examined, especially when consecutive slide reading is needed in Mohs surgery. Deep learning approaches have demonstrated promising results on pathological image-related diagnostic tasks. Previous studies have focused on whole-slide images (WSIs) and leveraged classification on image patches for detecting and localizing breast cancer metastases. What does this study add? Instead of WSIs, microscopic ocular images (MOIs) photographed from microscope eyepieces using smartphone cameras were used to develop neural network models for recognizing BCC automatically. The MOI- and WSI-based models achieved comparable areas under the curve around 0·95. Two deep learning frameworks for recognizing BCC pathology were developed with high sensitivity and specificity. Recognizing BCC through a smartphone could be considered a future clinical choice.

13.
Osteoporos Int ; 31(1): 153-164, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646353

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the bone impairment in finger joints in PHO patients by HR-pQCT. Results showed distinguished differences in bone architecture and biomechanics parameters at DIPs between PHO patients and healthy controls using HR-pQCT assessment. Besides, serum PGE2, hsCRP and ESR levels were found negatively correlated with total vBMD. INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the bone impairment in finger joints in primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (PHO) patients firstly by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT). METHODS: Fifteen PHO patients and 15 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Bone erosions in hands at distal interphalangeal joints (DIPs) in both PHO patients and controls were evaluated by X-ray. Bone geometry, vBMD, microstructure parameters, and size of individual bone erosion were also measured at the 3rd DIP by HR-pQCT as well. Blood biochemistry levels between the two groups were also compared. RESULTS: Compared to X-ray, HR-pQCT assessment were more sensitive for detection of bone erosions, with 14 PHO patients by HR-pQCT versus ten PHO patients by X-ray judged at the 3rd DIP. The average depth, width, and volume of erosions size in PHO patients were 1.38 ± 0.80 mm, 0.79 ± 0.27 mm, and 1.71 ± 0.52 mm3, respectively. The bone cross-areas including total area (+ 25.3%, p ≤ 0.05), trabecular area (+ 56.2%, p ≤ 0.05), and cortical perimeter (+ 10.7%, p ≤ 0.05) at the defined region of interest of 3rd DIP was significantly larger than controls. Total vBMD was 11.9% lower in PHO patients compared with the controls (p ≤ 0.05). Biochemical test results showed the increased levels of inflammatory cytokines, bone resorption markers, and joint degeneration markers in PHO patients. Serum prostaglandin PGE2, high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) levels were found negatively correlated with total vBMD. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated higher sensitivity of the HR-pQCT measurement at DIPs by showing the differences in architecture and biomechanics parameters at DIPs between the PHO patients and healthy controls, which would be of interest clinically to investigate bone deterioration in PHO patients.

14.
Rhinology ; 58(1): 59-65, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our previous study showed that convoluted cerebriform pattern (CCP)-based reverse tracing method in preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a reliable tool in predicting originating site of sinonasal inverted papilloma (SNIP). This study aimed to determine the underlying pathological mechanism of the preoperative MRI-CCP reverse tracing method by assessing the histopathological changes from the origin to the peripheral sites of SNIP. METHODOLOGY: The originating site of SNIP was predicted by preoperative MRI in 30 consecutive patients suspected to have primary SNIP. Samples of SNIP originating and peripheral sites were processed by pathological staining for evaluation of stroma score, micro-vessel density (MVD), and tight junction proteins (claudin-5, zonula occludens (ZO)-1 and occludin) expression. RESULTS: The originating site of SNIP was accurately predicted by preoperative MRI in all patients. Stroma scores, and MVD were significantly greater in the periphery of SNIP than in the originating site. In contrast, Claudin-5 expression in micro-vessels was greater at the originating site than the periphery. CONCLUSIONS: More edematous stroma and intensive micro-vessels with defective tight junction in periphery of SNIP result in more contrast agent diffusing and CCP that can only be observed at the periphery of SNIP on T2 and contrast-enhanced T1 weighted MR images, which may be the mechanisms underlying the CCP reverse tracing method.

15.
Acta Virol ; 63(4): 469-474, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802690

RESUMO

39K protein was proven to be the most notable hyperphosphorylated protein of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV), since its amino acid 136 has the highest phosphorylation ratio (16.683) among all of BmNPV phosphorylated proteins (Shobahah et al., 2017). Therefore, we inserted positive (mimicking phosphorylation) and negative (mimicking dephosphorylation) mutants of the highest phosphorylated site of 39K and the wild type 39k into the 39k-ko-Bacmid using the Bac-to-Bac system. These three kinds of recombinant Bacmids along with wild type and knocked-out Bacmid were then transfected into the Bombyx mori cells (BmN) and further investigated by qPCR analysis. The results of the qPCR showed that 39K phosphorylation had no significant effect on viral genome replication, unlike the positive mutation that reduced the viral gene transcription drastically compared to the wild type. Thus, phosphorylation of BmNPV 39K protein does not appear to be the essential mechanism for viral genome replication, even though it has an important role in the viral gene transcription. Keywords: BmNPV; 39K; phosphorylation; virus replication; virus transcription.


Assuntos
Bombyx , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica , Animais , Bombyx/virologia , Fosforilação , Replicação Viral/genética
16.
Planta ; 251(1): 30, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820114

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: The qPCR assay developed to differentiate haploid and diploid maize leaf samples was unsuccessful due to DNA content difference. Haploid cells are packed more closely together with less cellular expansion. Increased ploidy content (> 2 N) directly correlates with increased cell size in plants, but few studies have examined cell morphology in plants with reduced ploidy (i.e., haploids). To pioneer a scalable new ploidy test, we compared DNA content and cellular morphology of haploid and diploid maize leaves. The amount of genomic DNA recovered from standardized leaf-punch samples was equivalent between these two ploidy types, while both epidermal and mesophyll cell types were smaller in haploid plants. Pavement cells had a substantially smaller size than mesophyll cells, and this effect was more pronounced in the abaxial epidermis. Interveinal distance and guard cell size were significantly reduced in haploids, but the cell percentage comprising stomata did not change. These results confirm the direct correlation between ploidy content and cell size in plants, and suggest that reduced cell expansion predominantly explains DNA content equivalence between haploid and diploid samples, confounding efforts to develop a haploid detection method using DNA content.

17.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 48(11): 846-850, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775432

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Methods: The clinicopathological data of patients of renal cell carcinoma arising in end-stage renal disease were collected from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University (ten cases) and 971 Hospital of PLA Navy (five cases) from January 2009 to August 2018. Results: Among 15 patients, 14 were male and 1 was female, and the age ranged from 38 to 78 years (mean 51 years, median 49 years). All patients had history of chronic renal failure (7-192 months), including 9 patients treated with hemodialysis for 6 to 132 months. In 12 cases the tumor border was distinct and the tumor size ranged from 1.8 to 11.0 cm. Two cases were multifocal and one case showed extensive renal hemorrhage with an inconspicuous tumor mass. Microscopically, 9 cases were clear cell reanl cell carcinoma including one with sarcomatoid differentiation, 4 were acquired cystic kidney disease-associated(ACKD-RCC) and two were papillary renal cell carcinoma. All patients had a follow-up of 3 to 120 months. Four patients died during a follow-up of 6 to 60 months (mean 30 months) as a result of extensive distant metastases (two cases) and renal failure (two cases), while other eleven patients were alive without tumor recurrence or metastasis (median 40.8 months of follow-up ranging from 3 to 120 months). Conclusions: ESRD-RCC is more often seen in younger male patients. The time intervals from the onset of chronic renal failure to the diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma differ and tumors are frequently incidental findings. The histological types can be sporadic renal cell carcinoma or unique ACKD-RCC. Tumors are often hemorrhagic and necrotic. Routine physical examination and early detection could benefit ESRD-RCC patients. ESRD-RCC may have a favorable prognosis despite of a large tumor size or the presence of sarcomatoid differentiation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Falência Renal Crônica/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Nefrectomia , Prognóstico
18.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(5): 486-490, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713376

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the main risk factors of human cystic echinococcosis in Shiqu County, Sichuan Province, so as to provide the reference for the formulation of echinococcosis control strategies in Shiqu County. METHODS: During the period from November 2015 through June 2017, the patients with cystic echinococcosis (case group) and healthy controls (control group) were randomly sampled from Shiqu County as the study subjects. A questionnaire survey was conducted to capture the study subjects'age, gender, ethnicity, occupation, religion, lifestyle, education level, number of household dogs, bovine and sheep, and density of dog feces in the courtyard. The major risk factors of human cystic echinococcosis were identified using a logistic regression model. RESULTS: Univariate logistic regression analysis showed 7 risk factors with statistical significance between the case and control groups, and age, lifestyle, number of household bovine, number of household sheep, number of house-hold dogs, and the density of dog feces in the courtyard were included in the multivariate logistic regression model (OR = 1.026, 4.792, 1.067, 1.022, 1.709 and 1.095, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: High age, pastoral nomadic lifestyle, high number of house-hold bovine, high number of household sheep, high number of household dogs and high density of dog feces in the courtyard are strongly associated with the riks of human cystic echinococcosis in Shiqu County.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Equinococose , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Bovinos , China/epidemiologia , Cães , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Fezes , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Ovinos
19.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 834-839, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694132

RESUMO

Objective: To discuss the rationality of stage pT3 in the AJCC 8(th) TNM criteria of gallbladder carcinoma. Methods: A retrospective study was performed to analyze the clinical and pathological data of 88 patients with pT3 gallbladder carcinoma admitted to Department of Second Biliary Surgery of Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, affiliated to Naval Medical University from May 2013 to September 2018.pT3 stage tumors were divided into two groups: (1) pT3a stage: tumors had penetrated serosa but not directly invaded liver and/or an adjacent organ or structure; (2) pT3b stage: tumor penetrating serosa and directly invaded liver and/or an adjacent organ or structure. There were 45 patients with pT3a stage, including 15 males and 30 females, aged 36 to 80 years, with a median age of 59 years; 43 patients with pT3b, including 24 males and 19 females, aged 41 to 78 years old, median aged 63 years old.Patients with pT3a and pT3b were further divided into two groups respectively: radical resection group and extended radical resection group according to surgical radicalization. Independent sample t-test was used for comparison between two groups with normal distribution measurement data. Wilcoxon rank sum test was used between groups of non-normally distributed measurement data.The comparison of the count data was performed by χ(2) test or Fisher exact probability method. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method, and survival rate was compared using Log-rank test. Results: (1)Serum total bilirubin(15.6(90.3)mmol/L), albumin(40.2(4.8)mmol/L), and CA19-9(132.90(455.78)U/ml) levels in pT3b patients were higher than that in pT3a patients(10.2(6.8)mmol/L, 41.8(4.9)mmol/L, 14.35(36.27)U/ml), respectively(Z=-3.816, -1.966, -3.739, all P<0.05),postoperative complication rate in pT3b patients(24.4%) was higher than that in pT3a patients(8.9%)(P<0.05),postoperative hospital stay(12(7)days) and overall hospital stay((26±17)days) of pT3b patients were longer than that of pT3a patients((10±5) days and (19±7)days) (P<0.05). (2) The 1-, 3-, 5-year survival rates of pT3b and pT3a patients were 53%,22%,22% and 69%, 46%,38%,and the median survival time was 13 months and 26 months, respectively. The difference in survival rates between the two groups was statistically significant(χ(2)=5.117, P=0.024). (3)The 1-, 3-year survival rates of extended radical resection group(n=19) and radical resection group(n=24) in the pT3b stage were 73%, 36% and 28%, 7%, respectively.The survival time was 20 months and 9 months,respectively,and the difference in survival rates between the two groups was statistically significant(χ(2)=4.976, P=0.026). Conclusions: pT3 gallbladder carcinoma could be further subdivided into pT3a stage and pT3b stage based on the TNM criteria of AJCC 8(th) gallbladder carcinoma. Extended radical resection for pT3b gallbladder carcinoma should be further considered after comprehensive assessment of the patient's basic condition and surgical tolerance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
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