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2.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(7): 756-761, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405610

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the molecular mechanisms of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) with sarcomatoid differentiation (CCRCCS) and to explore new therapeutic targets for CCRCCS. Methods: Whole exome sequencing was performed on the carcinomatous and sarcomatoid components of five CCRCCS cases collected from January 2017 to October 2018. A highly frequent non-synonymous mutation of cadherin 23 (CDH23) was revealed by whole exome sequencing and further studied in additional samples. The sequencing of CDH23 in 40 specimens with CCRCCS and 50 specimens with CCRCC collected from January 2008 to October 2018 were conducted using Sanger sequencing. Immunohistochemistry was carried out to detect the protein expression of CDH23 in the additional 90 cases. Results: Carcinomatous and sarcomatoid components of CCRCCS shared most of the somatic single-nucleotide variants (SSNVs) as revealed through whole exome sequencing, while the sarcomatoid component had higher overall SSNVs than carcinomatous component. A highly frequent non-synonymous mutation of CDH23 (p.Arg1804Gln) was observed both in carcinomatous and sarcomatoid components of CCRCCS that resulted in the alteration in the highly conserved calcium-binding site mediating the functions of cadherins. In the additional 90 specimens, CDH23 mutation was much frequently detected in CCRCCS than that in CCRCC samples and even the high grade CCRCC. CDH23 protein was not or weakly expressed in most CCRCCS specimens with CDH23 mutation. There was an correlation between CDH23 gene mutation and negative expression of its protein (r=0.598, P<0.01). Conclusions: The present study reveals, for the first time, that the mutation of CDH23 (p.Arg1804Gln) is a genetic risk factor for CCRCCS. It is associated with the decreased expression of CDH23 protein, resulting in the absence of cadherin function of CDH23, indicating that CDH23 mutation may be involved in the sarcomatoid transformation in CCRCCS. Thus, CDH23 might be a potential therapeutic target for CCRCCS.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Caderinas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
3.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 686-691, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the early efficacy and toxicity of docetaxel combined with carboplatin in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). METHODS: From May 2017 to July 2019, fifteen patients with mCRPC treated in Peking University First Hospital were collected. The median age was 70 years (43-77 years), and the pathological types were all adenocarcinoma, which was confirmed as distant metastasis by imaging examination. They were given the chemotherapy of docetaxel combined with carboplatin. The specific method was as follows: each cycle was 28 days. Androgen deprivation therapy was administered routinely throughout the treatment period. Blood routine, liver and kidney function, blood clotting function and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests were performed before each cycle. Docetaxel was administered intravenously on the first day of each cycle at a dose of 75 mg/m2, and carboplatin was administered intravenously on the second day at the dose calculated by Calvert formula. The main outcome measures including PSA decline range, pain remission rate and occurrence of adverse reactions were observed and analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 15 patients, 12 had completed at least 4 cycles of chemotherapy and had short-term efficacy evaluation. PSA decline range > 50% was observed in 8 patients (66.7%). Among the 9 patients with bone pain, remarkable pain relief was observed in 4 patients (44.4%). Among the 4 patients with measurable metastatic lesions, 2 achieved partial response, 1 was evaluated as stable disease, and 1 was evaluated as progressive disease. The main adverse reactions of chemotherapy included bone marrow suppression, gastrointestinal reactions, fatigue and neurological disorders, and most of them were within the tolerable range. CONCLUSION: This report is a case series study of docetaxel combined with carboplatin in the treatment of mCRPC reported in China and the conclusions are representative. The chemotherapy of docetaxel combined with carboplatin has positive short-term efficacy and high safety in patients with mCRPC, which is worthy of further promotion and exploration in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração , Idoso , Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/uso terapêutico , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 697-703, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393231

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate urinary continence recovery time and risk factors of urinary continence recovery after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP). METHODS: From January 2019 to January 2021, a consecutive series of patients with localized prostate cancer (cT1-T3, cN0, cM0) were prospectively collected. RARP with total anatomical reconstruction was performed in all the cases by an experienced surgeon. Lymph node dissection was performed if the patient was in high-risk group according to the D'Amico risk classification. The primary endpoint was urinary continence recovery time after catheter removal. Postoperative and pathological variables were analyzed. Continence was rigo-rously analyzed 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks after catheter removal. Continence was evaluated by recording diaper pads used per day, and all the patients were instructed to perform the 24-hour pad weight test until full recovery of urinary continence. The patient was defined as continent if no more than one safety pad were needed per day, or no more than 20-gram urine leakage on the 24-hour pad weight test. Time from catheter removal to full recovery of urinary continence was recorded, and risk factors influencing continence recovery time evaluated. RESULTS: In total, 166 patients were analyzed. The mean age of the enrolled patients was 66.2 years, and the median prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 8.51 µg/L. A total of 59 patients (35.5%) had bilateral lymphatic dissection, and 28 (16.9%) underwent neurovascular bundle (NVB) preservation surgery. Postoperative pathology results showed that stage pT1 in 1 case (0.6%), stage pT2 in 77 cases (46.4%), stage pT3 in 86 cases (51.8%), and positive margins in 28 patients (16.9%). Among patients who underwent lymph node dissection, lymph node metastasis was found in 7 cases (11.9%). Median continence recovery time was one week. The number of the continent patients at the end of 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks were 65 (39.2%), 32 (19.3%), 34 (20.5%), 24 (14.5%), and 9 (5.4%). Two patients remained incontinent 24 weeks after catheter removal. The continence rates after catheter removal at the end of 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks were 39.2%, 58.4%, 78.9%, 93.4%, and 98.8%, respectively. Univariate COX analysis revealed that diabetes appeared to influence continence recovery time (OR=1.589, 95%CI: 1.025-2.462, P=0.038). At the end of 48 hours, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks after catheter removal, the mean OABSS score of the continent group was significantly lower than that of the incontinent group. CONCLUSION: RARP showed promising results in the recovery of urinary continence. Diabetes was a risk factor influencing continence recovery time. Bladder overactive symptoms play an important role in the recovery of continence after RARP.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Robótica , Incontinência Urinária , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia
5.
Osteoporos Int ; 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383099

RESUMO

Data evaluating changes in bone mineral density (BMD) in Down syndrome (DS) individuals remains controversial. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to better understand associations between BMD and DS. A systematic literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library up until 1st January 2021 was conducted. We used the keywords "bone mineral density" and "Down Syndrome." Fifteen studies were included. Overall, our results showed a significant decrease in BMD of total body (TB BMD) [MD = - 0.18; 95% CI (- 0.23 and - 0.12), P < 0.00001, I2 = 89%], total hip (TH BMD) [MD = - 0.12; 95% CI (- 0.15 and - 0.10), P < 0.00001, I2 = 0%], lumbar spine (LS BMD) [MD = - 0.12; 95% CI (- 0.14 and - 0.09), P < 0.00001, I2 = 18%], and femoral neck (FN BMD) [MD = - 0.08; 95% CI (- 0.10 and - 0.06), P < 0.00001, I2 = 0%] in DS individuals when compared with controls. Moreover, the volumetric BMD of lumbar spine (LS vBMD) [MD = - 0.01; 95% CI (- 0.02 and - 0.01), P = 0.0004, I2 = 19%] also showed a decreasing tendency while the volumetric BMD of the femoral neck (FN vBMD) [MD = 0.01; 95% CI (0.00 and 0.02), P = 0.02, I2 = 0%] was elevated in DS individuals versus controls. These findings demonstrated that individuals with DS had a decreased total and regional (TH, LS, and FN) BMD when compared with the general population. Additionally, when BMD was adjusted for skeletal volume, LS vBMD was also lower, while FN vBMD was elevated in DS individuals versus controls.

6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(28): 2216-2222, 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333934

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the accuracy of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th edition staging system for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to make an appropriate modification. Methods: Data of patients diagnosed with HCC who underwent surgery were extracted from 2004 to 2015 within the SEER database. Overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) of patients were analyzed. Results: A total of 7 911 patients were included and there were 2 117 females and 5 794 males. The male-to-female ratio was 1.00: 0.36. There were 4 050 patients older than 60 years old. Tumor size ranged from 24 to 65 mm. Tumors with single lobes (80.8%) or single lesions (62.8%) were more common. There were 230 cases and 2 052 cases received radiotherapy and chemotherapy, accounting for 2.9% and 25.9%, respectively. The median follow-up was 42 months. Analysis of the 8th edition of AJCC staging system showed that the survival curves of ⅣA stage and ⅢA stage intersected in both OS and DSS, and the differences were not statistically significant between them (both P>0.05). Analysis of patients in subgroup of ⅣA stage showed that there was no statistically significant difference in the four groups of T1N1M0/T2N0M0, T2N1M0/T3N0M0, T3N1M0/T4N0-1M0 and T3N1M0/T1-4N0-1M1 (all P>0.05). Therefore, the modified 8th edition of the AJCC staging system was proposed after retaining the definition of T/N/M in the old edition: ⅠA and ⅠB stages were retained; ⅣA stage was split: T1N1M0 was included in Ⅱ stage, T2N1M0 in Ⅲ stage, and Ⅳ stage included T3N1M0, T4N0-1M0 and T1-4N0-1M1. Cox proportional risk regression analysis of the modified 8th edition of the AJCC staging showed that significant differences were observed among the four groups, with ⅠB/ⅠA (HR=1.462, 95%CI:1.294-1.651), Ⅱ/ⅠB (HR=1.091, 95%CI:1.003-1.186), Ⅲ/Ⅱ (HR=2.034, 95%CI: 1.793-2.307) and Ⅲ/Ⅳ (HR=1.374, 95%CI: 1.192-1.583) for OS, respectively. The similar findings were seen in DSS, with ⅠB/ⅠA (HR=2.007, 95%CI:1.671-2.411), Ⅱ/ⅠB (HR=1.140, 95%CI:1.023-1.271), Ⅲ/Ⅱ (HR=2.344, 95%CI: 2.018-2.724) and Ⅲ/Ⅳ (HR=1.391, 95%CI:1.180-1.639), respectively. Conclusion: The modified AJCC 8th edition staging system could predict the survival outcome of HCC more accurately.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico
7.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(3): 254-261, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286526

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of a new health education pathway for echinococcosis control among primary school students in regions highly prevalent for echinococcosis in China. METHODS: Six primary schools were randomly selected from echinococcosis hyper-endemic regions, with 13 classes assigned to the intervention group and 9 to the control group, and all students in these 21 classes were recruited as the study subjects. Echinococcosis health education was performed through the pathway of assessing the current status-strengthening the building of teaching resources-focusing on practices in the intervention group, while routine health education was given in the control group. A questionnaire survey was performed to assess the score of echinococcosis control knowledge (including theoretical knowledge score and mean daily practical capability score) before and after the health education interventions to evaluate the effectiveness of this new health education pathway for echinococcosis control. RESULTS: The mean score of echinococcosis control knowledge was 68.86 ± 18.70 points at baseline, with the mean theoretical knowledge score of 40.97 ± 10.75 points, and the mean daily practical capability score of 27.89 ± 12.50 points. Clustering analysis showed three types of populations, including "unsatisfactory", "learn and apply creatively", and "rote learning", which accounted for 24.62% (240/975), 45.74% (446/975) and 29.64% (289/975), respectively. The mean score of echinococcosis control knowledge was 81.08 ± 18.15 points in the intervention group during the final assessment, with the mean theoretical knowledge score of 43.65 ± 9.40 points, and the mean daily practical capability score of 37.43 ± 12.22 points, and both were significantly higher relative to baseline (t = -4.201 and -15.202, both P values < 0.01). The mean score of echinococcosis control knowledge was comparable between at baseline (70.55 ± 19.46 points) and final assessment (71.74 ± 19.37 points) in the control group (t = -0.87, P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The awareness of echinococcosis control knowledge is fair among primary school students in echinococcosis hyper-endemic regions; however, the capability of combining theoretical learning and practices requires to be improved. The health education mode based on the pathway of assessing the current status-strengthening the building of teaching resources-focusing on practices seems to remarkably improve the understanding of echinococcosis control knowledge among primary school students in echinococcosis hyper-endemic regions.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Educação em Saúde , China/epidemiologia , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Equinococose/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Public Health ; 196: 85-90, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34166857

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Promoting health knowledge during a public health crisis is essential. This study aims to examine how fact-checking habit influences COVID-19 knowledge in the COVID-19 infodemic. STUDY DESIGN: This study uses a cross-sectional survey. METHODS: During the early outbreak of COVID-19 in China, we conducted an online survey and collected data from 3000 representative Chinese Internet users. The study measured COVID-19 knowledge as a dependent variable, fact-checking habit as an independent variable, and general science knowledge and negative emotion as moderators. Internet use and several demographic factors were used as control variables. Ordinary least squares (OLS) linear regression analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between fact-checking habit and COVID-19 knowledge as a function of science knowledge and negative emotion. RESULTS: Fact-checking habit was negatively associated with COVID-19 knowledge, and the relationship was moderated by general science knowledge and negative emotion. For those with less science knowledge or higher levels of negative emotion, COVID-19 knowledge was lower with the increase of experience in fact-checking. CONCLUSIONS: During a pandemic, individuals may not be able to obtain high-quality information, even if they regularly fact-check information, and especially when they lack knowledge about science or are influenced by negative emotion. To promote health knowledge during a public health crisis, basic science literacy must be promoted, and the psychological impact of the crisis on the population must also be considered.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Hábitos , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Physiol Int ; 2021 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161303

RESUMO

Background: Hypoxia is a pivotal initiator of tumor angiogenesis and growth through the stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs). This study set out to examine the involvement of HIF-1α and HIF-2α in colon cancer and ascertained whether ORAI3 was involved in the pathway. Materials and methods: Patients and murine models as well as human colorectal adenocarcinoma tumor (CW2) cells were included to examine the levels of ORAI1/3 and HIF-1/2α levels. Calcium imaging was utilized to ascertain the activity of calcium channel. Scratch assay was used to assess the migration capacity of the cells. Results: Tumors from murine colon cancer xenograft models and patients with colon cancer displayed high ORAI1/3 and HIF-1/2α levels. Hypoxia treatment, mimicking the tumor microenvironment in vitro, increased ORAI1/3 and HIF-1/2α expression as well as store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE). Of note is that HIF-1/2α silencing decreased SOCE, and HIF-1/2α overexpression facilitated SOCE. Furthermore, ORAI3 rather than ORAI1 expression was inhibited by HIF-1/2α silencing while increased by ML228. Luciferase assay also confirmed that ORAI3 was elevated in the presence of ML228, indicating the linkage between HIF-1/2α and ORAI3. Additionally, colony-forming potential and cell migration capacity were decreased in siHIF-1α and siHIF-2α as well as siORAI3 cells, and the facilitating effect of ML228 on cell migration and colony-forming potential was also decreased in siORAI3 CW-2 cells, which points out the importance of ORAI3 in HIF1/2α pathway. Conclusion: Our findings allow to conclude that both HIF-1α and HIF-2α facilitate ORAI3 expression, hence enhancing colon cancer progression.

11.
Genet Med ; 23(10): 1993-1997, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34113001

RESUMO

PURPOSE: An efficient framework to identify disease-associated genes is needed to evaluate genomic data for both individuals with an unknown disease etiology and those undergoing genomic screening. Here, we propose a framework for gene selection used in genomic analyses, including applications limited to genes with strong or established evidence levels and applications including genes with less or emerging evidence of disease association. METHODS: We extracted genes with evidence for gene-disease association from the Human Gene Mutation Database, OMIM, and ClinVar to build a comprehensive gene list of 6,145 genes. Next, we applied stringent filters in conjunction with computationally curated evidence (DisGeNET) to create a restrictive list limited to 3,929 genes with stronger disease associations. RESULTS: When compared to manual gene curation efforts, including the Clinical Genome Resource, genes with strong or definitive disease associations are included in both gene lists at high percentages, while genes with limited evidence are largely removed. We further confirmed the utility of this approach in identifying pathogenic and likely pathogenic variants in 45 genomes. CONCLUSION: Our approach efficiently creates highly sensitive gene lists for genomic applications, while remaining dynamic and updatable, enabling time savings in genomic applications.

12.
Neurologia (Engl Ed) ; 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34103173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the presence of sleep disturbances and their relationship with clinical and demographic variables in patients with MS, with a view to establishing correlations between the different variables and the frequency of sleep disturbances. METHODS: The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to detect sleep disorders. We contacted patients treated at the MS unit and distributed a questionnaire (PSQI) to 221 patients, receiving 142 usable questionnaires between 8 and 30 September 2019. RESULTS: The prevalence of patients with sleep disturbances in our study was 74.7% (73.7% in women and 76.8% in men). Therefore, sleep disorders are pervasive in patients with MS, with 3 out of 4 patients experiencing them, a higher rate than that observed in the population without the disease. The frequency of sleep disorders gradually increased in line with age. In the 2 age groups analyzed, 44-54 years and 55-68 years, the proportion of moderate and severe sleep disorders was 42.8% and 53.9%, respectively. Moderate and severe sleep disturbances were observed in 27.5%, 44.7%, and 58.3% of patients with Expanded Disability Status Scale scores of 0-3, 3-6, and >6, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that sleep disorders are more common in patients with MS than in other populations. Patients with secondary progressive forms of MS more frequently present sleep disturbances, while patients with primary progressive forms report them less frequently. Age and degree of disability were positively correlated with the prevalence and severity of sleep disorders in MS patients.

13.
J Intern Med ; 290(4): 878-885, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34037998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3)-associated autoinflammatory disease (NLRP3-AID) is a rare, heterogeneous disease entity associated with mutations in NLRP3. Biologic therapy for NLRP3-AID yields diverse results. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the clinical features and outcomes of Chinese adult patients with NLRP3-AID who were treated with tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitors. METHODS: Five patients with NLRP3-AID were diagnosed and treated with TNF-α inhibitors at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2017 and 2020 and were followed up for 6 to 12 months. All patients were systematically studied for treatment outcomes, including clinical manifestations and inflammatory markers. RESULTS: All five adult NLRP3-AID patients were Chinese Han, and four patients were males. The mean age at disease onset was 4.2 ± 4.1 years, and the mean time of diagnosis delay was 19.8 ± 6 years. All patients received TNF-α inhibitors with or without methotrexate/prednisone. During follow-up, all patients achieved remarkable clinical remission of skin lesions and polyarthritis and showed improvements in acute-phase reactants, inflammatory cytokines, patient visual analogue scale, physician global assessment and 36-item Short Form (SF-36). CONCLUSIONS: Early diagnosis and effective therapy for NLRP3-AID are essential for avoiding irreversible organ damage. TNF-α inhibitors might serve as a therapeutic alternative for patients with NLRP3-AID who have unsatisfactory responses or no access to interleukin-1 inhibitors.

15.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(5): 348-352, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915624

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of transfusion-free techniques on the prognosis of liver transplant patients. Methods: The recipients of adult liver transplantation at Tianjin First Central Hospital from August to December 2019 were included in the clinical observation. Liver transplantation without allogeneic blood transfusion was performed through anesthesia management techniques such as acute hemodilution or phlebotomy without volume replacement,maintaining decreased baseline central venous pressure and cell saver. According to the actual results,the patients were divided into two groups: transfusion-free group(n=21) and allogeneic transfusion group(n=28). There were 13 males and 8 females aged of (56.3±11.6) years in the transfusion-free group;and there were 16 males and 12 females aged (54.3±14.2)years in the allogeneic transfusion group. The transplant recipients who had not adopted transfusion management strategy from January to July 2019 were included as control group(27 males and 13 females,aged of (58.9±14.1)years). The clinical data of patients in perioperative period were collected to compare whether there were differences in the recovery of liver function and early complications among the three groups, one-way ANOVA test, rank-sum test, and χ2 test were used for data analysis. Results: The amount of intraoperative blood loss in both the transfusion-free group and the transfusion group was less than that in the control group((454.2±271.3)ml vs.(673.6±333.4)ml vs.(890.3±346.7)ml;q=-6.342,-5.286,both P<0.05).The duration of stay in ICU of the transfusion-free group was less than that of the transfusion group and control group((36.4±9.1)hours vs.(44.3±14.9)hours vs.(58.2±21.1)hours;q=-4.432,-3.824,both P<0.05).The mean ALT level at 7 days after operation was significantly lower in the transfusion-free group than in the control group((56.8±32.1)U/L vs.(89.6±45.6)U/L;q=-3.358,P<0.05). Conclusions: The improvement of multi-disciplinary transfusion management technology aimed at transfusion-free liver transplantation can effectively reduce intraoperative hemorrhage and help to avoid surgical transfusion. Transfusion-free liver transplantation is beneficial to the early postoperative recovery,and its long-term clinical significance is worthy of further clinical research.


Assuntos
Transplante de Fígado , Adulto , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Transfusão de Sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(3): 213-216, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677884

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the absence of congenital arterial duct in fetus and to improve the diagnostic accuracy. Methods: Four hundred cases of congenital heart disease diagnosed by echocardiography during pregnancy were examined the fetal cardiovascular malformation and visceral malformation, and the absence of arterial duct was analyzed. Results: There were 24(6%)cases of absence of arterial duct, including 19 cases of left aortic arch and five cases of right aortic arch. There were 21 cases with main pulmonary arteries and 3 cases without main pulmonary arteries and branches. There were 15 cases of pulmonary artery stenosis with absence of arterial duct and the major cardiovascular malformations included six cases of single ventricle, six cases of atrial septal defect, four cases of single atrium, four cases of right atrium isomerism, four cases of double outlet right ventricle, four cases of anomalous pulmonary venous drainage, three cases of tetralogy of Fallot, and three cases of persistent left superior vena cava. There were seven cases of pulmonary atresia with absence of arterial duct and with systemic-pulmonary collateral circulation. There was one case of tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve and absent arterial duct and the pulmonary artery was dilated. There was one case of aortopulmonary septal defect with absent arterial duct, with normal pulmonary artery. There were also seven cases of asplenia, seven cases of pulmonary abnormality and seven cases of visceral inversion. Conclusions: The absence of arterial duct is often associated with congenital heart disease. Pulmonary atresia is often associated with systemic-pulmonary collateral circulation. The visceral malformations are related to the accompanying congenital cardiovascular malformations.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Defeitos dos Septos Cardíacos , Atresia Pulmonar , Autopsia , Feminino , Feto , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Gravidez , Atresia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Cava Superior
17.
Ann Oncol ; 32(4): 466-477, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548389

RESUMO

Liquid biopsy in cancer has gained momentum in clinical research and is experiencing a boom for a variety of applications. There are significant efforts to utilize liquid biopsies in cancer for early detection and treatment stratification, as well as residual disease and recurrence monitoring. Although most efforts have used circulating tumor cells and circulating tumor DNA for this purpose, exosomes and other extracellular vesicles have emerged as a platform with potentially broader and complementary applications. Exosomes/extracellular vesicles are small vesicles released by cells, including cancer cells, into the surrounding biofluids. These exosomes contain tumor-derived materials such as DNA, RNA, protein, lipid, sugar structures, and metabolites. In addition, exosomes carry molecules on their surface that provides clues regarding their origin, making it possible to sort vesicle types and enrich signatures from tissue-specific origins. Exosomes are part of the intercellular communication system and cancer cells frequently use them as biological messengers to benefit their growth. Since exosomes are part of the disease process, they have become of tremendous interest in biomarker research. Exosomes are remarkably stable in biofluids, such as plasma and urine, and can be isolated for clinical evaluation even in the early stages of the disease. Exosome-based biomarkers have quickly become adopted in the clinical arena and the first exosome RNA-based prostate cancer test has already helped >50 000 patients in their decision process and is now included in the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for early prostate cancer detection. This review will discuss the advantages and challenges of exosome-based liquid biopsies for tumor biomarkers and clinical implementation in the context of circulating tumor DNA and circulating tumor cells.


Assuntos
DNA Tumoral Circulante , Exossomos , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Humanos , Biópsia Líquida , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(2): 1006-1015, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577056

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Drug-related problems (DRPs) are common in hospitalized patients receiving Key Monitoring Drugs. Clinical pharmacy services have the potential to minimize drug-related harm and improve patient care. The aim of this study is to standardize the clinical application of Key Monitoring Drugs and reduce drug-related problems (DRPs) and associated costs, using clinical pharmacist interventions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical pharmacists formulate management measures for Key Monitoring Drugs using evidence-based medicine and analyze the DRPs of Key Monitoring Drugs in China at the Shandong Provincial Third Hospital over a period of five years, from 2015 to 2019. RESULTS: In 2019, the total cost of the use of Key Monitoring Drugs decreased by 10.12 million CNY, in comparison with the cost in 2015. The proportion of revenue generated from Key Monitoring Drugs also decreased by 11.49% compared with 2015. In addition, the cost per capita of Key Monitoring Drugs has gradually decreased; this resulted in a saving of 580.07 CNY per capita in 2019 compared with 2015. Over this time, the DRPs associated with Key Monitoring Drugs decreased by 45.50%. Through administrative intervention, prescription review, information management, and pharmaco-economic evaluation, a scientific management system for Key Monitoring Drugs has been established over this time, which standardizes the use of Key Monitoring Drugs and reduces their associated costs. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical pharmacists' interventions can assist in the early detection of drug-related problems associated with Key Monitoring Drugs and prevent any resulting harm to patients.


Assuntos
Monitoramento de Medicamentos/economia , Erros de Medicação/economia , Preparações Farmacêuticas/economia , Farmacêuticos/economia , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/economia , China , Humanos
19.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(2): 190-195, 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557504

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the biomechanical behaviors of different framework materials in implant-supported fixed mandibular prosthesis using three-dimensional finite element analysis. Methods: A model of implant-supported fixed mandibular prosthesis was established. The simulations were divided into six groups according to the framework materials: pure titanium, cobalt-chromium alloy, gold alloy, zirconia, polyether ether ketone (PEEK) and carbon fiber-reinforced PEEK. An oblique load of 300 N with a 75° angle to the occlusal plane was applied from the lingual side on the buccal cusps of the two premolars and the first molar teeth. The stresses on implants, surrounding bones and frameworks were analyzed and compared among the framework materials both quantitatively and qualitatively. Results: In implant-supported fixed mandibular prosthesis model, the highest stresses were located around the neck of the implants and cortical bone during oblique loading among six designs. In addition, the stresses were concentrated on the buccal and distal cortical bone around the implants of the posterior region. Stress values of implants and cortical bones from low to high were as follows: zirconia, cobalt-chromium alloy, pure titanium, gold alloy, carbon fiber-reinforced PEEK, PEEK. The von Mises stress values of implant and cortical bone in the first molar site of PEEK framework material were 44.96 and 29.13 MPa, while the von Mises stress values of implant and cortical bone in the first molar site of zirconia framework material were 21.29 and 17.79 MPa. The zirconia and medal framework materials were more advantageous in stress distribution around implants than PEEK framework material. Conclusions: In implant-supported fixed mandibular prostheses, biomechanical analysis showed that the zirconia and medal framework materials were more advantageous in stress distribution around implants than PEEK framework materials.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Prótese Mandibular , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Estresse Mecânico
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