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1.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 84(1): 43-52, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495297

RESUMO

To date, studies on the application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) in the detection of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are stably increasing and demonstrates LAMP is a potential and promising method for on spot identification of GMOs. However, little information is known for detection of GM potato events by LAMP. In this report, we developed an optimized and visual LAMP assay with high specificity and sensitivity to rapidly amplify genomic DNA of potato EH92-527-1 within 45 min. The limit of detection of LAMP in our study is 10-fold higher than the conventional PCR. Furthermore, LAMP products can be directly observed via naked eyes by addition of SYBR Green I without gel electrophoresis analysis and PCR-based equipment. Therefore, the LAMP assay developed in this paper provides an efficient, convenient and cost-effective tool for the detection of GM potato EH92-527-1.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 246: 112209, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479708

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Radix Scrophulariae (RS), is a renowned traditional Chinese medicine used as nourishing 'Yin'. The iridoid glycosides (IG) and phenylpropanoid glycosides (PG) are main chemical constituents in RS. However, there had been no pharmacological experiment studies of synergy between IG and PG. Due to the constituents interactions, exploring their synergy profile is of great important for explaining the essence of nourishing 'Yin' efficacy of RS. AIM OF STUDY: The present study was undertaken to evaluate synergistic nourishing 'Yin' effect of IG and PG from RS in vivo and in vitro through their immunoregulation and antioxidant activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, IG and PG fractions in RS were isolated and identified by High Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with tandem quadrupole time-of-flight Mass Spectrometry (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS). The synergistic nourishing 'Yin' effect of two fractions were investigated in vivo and in vitro with thyroxine-induced 'Yin' deficiency (YD) mice model and primary splenic lymphocyte, respectively. The exterior syndrome signs and serologic and cellular biomarkers changes were detected. Then, the synergistic coefficient (SC) of IG and PG on every pharmacodynamics index were calculated by Webb method. RESULTS: Compared with model and mono-therapy group (IG or PG group), IG combined with PG group significantly ameliorated YD by exerting immunoregulation and antioxidant effects. Based on the SC, IG and PG possessed a synergistic effect on heart rate, average speed, upright times, spleen index, LPO, SOD, IL-6, Na+-K+-ATP enzyme in vivo, and cAMP/cGMP, IFN-γ/IL-10, and MDA in vitro with SC > 1. CONCLUSIONS: The nourishing 'Yin' benefits were clearly produced when IG and PG were used in combination, which provided the scientific evidence of multiple-components and multiple-approach synergistic effect of Chinese traditional herbal medicine to control and management of diseases.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797475

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objective was to develop a natural language processing (NLP) algorithm to identify vaccine-related anaphylaxis from plain-text clinical notes, and to implement the algorithm at five health care systems in the Vaccine Safety Datalink. METHODS: The NLP algorithm was developed using an internal NLP tool and training dataset of 311 potential anaphylaxis cases from Kaiser Permanente Southern California (KPSC). We applied the algorithm to the notes of another 731 potential cases (423 from KPSC; 308 from other sites) with relevant codes (ICD-9-CM diagnosis codes for anaphylaxis, vaccine adverse reactions, and allergic reactions; Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System codes for epinephrine administration). NLP results were compared against a reference standard of chart reviewed and adjudicated cases. The algorithm was then separately applied to the notes of 6 427 359 KPSC vaccination visits (9 402 194 vaccine doses) without relevant codes. RESULTS: At KPSC, NLP identified 12 of 16 true vaccine-related cases and achieved a sensitivity of 75.0%, specificity of 98.5%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 66.7%, and negative predictive value of 99.0% when applied to notes of patients with relevant diagnosis codes. NLP did not identify the five true cases at other sites. When NLP was applied to the notes of KPSC patients without relevant codes, it captured eight additional true cases confirmed by chart review and adjudication. CONCLUSIONS: The current study demonstrated the potential to apply rule-based NLP algorithms to clinical notes to identify anaphylaxis cases. Increasing the size of training data, including clinical notes from all participating study sites in the training data, and preprocessing the clinical notes to handle special characters could improve the performance of the NLP algorithms. We recommend adding an NLP process followed by manual chart review in future vaccine safety studies to improve sensitivity and efficiency.

4.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 267, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The information concerning non-invasive, easily obtainable, and accurate biomarkers for diagnosis of lupus nephritis (LN) is extremely limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of cystatin C (CysC) and complement component 1q (C1q) for LN. METHODS: A case-control study that included 905 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) without LN (group SLE), 334 patients with active lupus nephritis (group LNA), 255 patients with inactive lupus nephritis (group LNI), and 497 healthy individuals (group HC) was performed in Mianyang Central Hospital from March 2017 to December 2018. The serum levels of CysC, C1q, urea (Urea), and creatinine (Creat) were measured, and 2 estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRCysC and eGFRCreat) were calculated by equations which were based on serum CysC established by our group and the modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD), respectively. ANOVA analysis or Kruskal-Wallis test was used for comparing the differences among the groups, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was applied to identify the diagnostic efficiencies of individual or combined multiple indicators. RESULTS: Significantly elevated CysC and decreased C1q were observed in the LNA and LNI groups, which was in contrast to their levels in the SLE and HC groups. CysC (AUC = 0.906) or eGFRCysC (AUC = 0.907) assessed the highest diagnostic performance on LNA when detected individually, followed by C1q (AUC = 0.753). Joint utilization of C1q and CysC achieved very good performance (AUC = 0.933) which approximated to the best one observed in the combinations of C1q, Urea, CysC, eGFRCreat, and Creat (AUC = 0.975). CONCLUSION: The separately detected CysC (eGFRCysC) and C1q were superior to the conventional biomarkers Urea, Creat, and eGFRCreat in the diagnosis of LNA. Moreover, although the combined detection of Urea, Creat, C1q, CysC, and eGFRCreat had the greatest diagnostic performance, the joint utilization of CysC and C1q could be prioritized for rapid discrimination of LNA if the economic burden is taken into consideration.

5.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 66(6): 82-89, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802458

RESUMO

Oncology Nurse Navigation is a professional service that integrates complex medical care procedures and promotes patient awareness of the major nursing problems. Using pre-assessment strategies and the integration of medical care information, Nurse Navigators help patients and their families gain comprehensive medical information and nursing care guidance from their initial post-diagnosis visit to their follow-up visits after remission. This article describes the author's experience with a 53-year-old married overseas Chinese woman who had been diagnosed with a rare tumor, PEComa, and who had traveled to Taiwan for treatment. During the outpatient care period with tumor progression, in addition to disease-related psychological and physical discomfort and pain, the prolonged uncertainty regarding treatment had induced adjustment difficulties and psychological symptoms in the patient. The patient's husband continued to work at his job in order to support the family's finances and was not able to maintain a close understanding of his wife's situation. He developed emotional stress when he saw his wife's disease relapse. The authors used Oncology Nurse Navigation approaches to actively assess the needs of the patient and her spouse, to explore their psychological state using emotional assessment scales, to understand the impact of recurrence on the family, to provide available resources and information, to help the couple learn to cope with psychological adjustment symptoms, to enhance their cognitive understanding of the disease, and to learn useful measures that helped them regain physical control, control over the treatment process, and effectively adapt to the disease and its effects. The authors' experience using Oncology Nurse Navigation with this patient may serve as a reference for healthcare professionals to facilitate the proactive assessment of patient needs at different stages of outpatient care, to remove barriers to seeking medical care through early interventions, and to implement a comprehensive and patient-centered approach to cancer treatment that may improve cancer treatment efficacy and quality of care.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(49): e18248, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804354

RESUMO

Dementia among elderly is a serious problem worldwide. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and associated risk factors of dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in nursing homes (NHs) and common communities (CCs) among elderly in China.A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 4 communities across 12 cities in Southern China from May to November of 2014. Qualified psychiatrists and trained nurses carried out relevant diagnosis, assessments, interviews, and information collection. Screening test of mini-mental state examination was conducted among participants firstly, then confirmed diagnosis was carried out among the ones with positive results. Student t test, χ test, univariate, and multivariate logistic regression analysis were conducted to analyze data.A total of 2015 participants aged 65 or older were included in the final analysis; 908 came from NHs while 1107 came from CCs. The crude prevalence rates of dementia and MCI were 22.0% and 15.8%, respectively among all the participants. Dementia prevalence was 42.4% among those living in NHs, which was significantly higher than that of 5.3% in CCs (P < .0001). There were more moderate and severe dementia in NHs compared with CCs (P < .0001). It showed that older age, illiterate compared with high level of education (adjusted odds ratio, AOR = 3.32, 95% CI: 1.53-7.21), heavy drinking (AOR = 1.51 (1.00-2.24), having a medical history of diabetes (AOR = 1.41, 95% CI: 1.02-2.33), and stroke (AOR = 1.21, 95% CI: 1.01-1.23) were associated with dementia in NHs, and middle socioeconomic status might be a protective factor for dementia (AOR = 0.33, 95% CI: 0.21-0.51).The problem of senile dementia in NHs is much more serious than our estimation, and there are not enough trained nursing staffs in NHs. More population-based strategies in NHs, including conducting cognitive screening accompanied with routine physical examination among elderly population, carrying out related primary prevention policies and public health services, and paying attention to some modifiable associated risk factors such as heavy smoking and drinking are needed.

7.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 25(12): 1343-1352, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756041

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Delayed thrombolytic therapy with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) may exacerbate blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown after ischemic stroke and lead to catastrophic hemorrhagic transformation (HT). Rosiglitazone(RSG), a widely used antidiabetic drug that activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), has been shown to protect against cerebral ischemia through promoting poststroke microglial polarization toward the beneficial anti-inflammatory phenotype. However, whether RSG can alleviate HT after delayed tPA treatment remains unknown. In this study, we sort to examine the role of RSG on tPA-induced HT after stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the murine suture middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) models of stroke followed by delayed administration of tPA (10 mg/kg, 2 hours after suture occlusion) to investigate the therapeutic potential of RSG against tPA-induced HT. When RSG(6 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally administered 1 hour before MCAO in tPA-treated MCAO mice, HT in the ischemic territory was significantly attenuated 1 day after stroke. In the tPA-treated MCAO mice, we found RSG significantly mitigated BBB disruption and hemorrhage development compared to tPA-alone-treated stroke mice. Using flow cytometry and immunostaining, we confirmed that the expression of CD206 was significantly upregulated while the expression of iNOS was down-regulated in microglia of the RSG-treated mice. We further found that the expression of Arg-1 was also upregulated in those tPA and RSG-treated stroke mice and the protection against tPA-induced HT and BBB disruption in these mice were abolished in the presence of PPAR-γ antagonist GW9662 (4 mg/kg, 1 hour before dMCAO through intraperitoneal injection). CONCLUSIONS: RSG treatment protects against BBB damage and ameliorates HT in delayed tPA-treated stroke mice by activating PPAR-γ and favoring microglial polarization toward anti-inflammatory phenotype.

8.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 29(23): 126711, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668972

RESUMO

Herein, we embarked on a structural optimization campaign aiming at the discovery of novel anticancer agents with our previously reported XL-6f as a lead compound. A library of 23 compounds has been synthesized based on the highly conserved active site of VEGFR-2. Several title compounds exhibited selective inhibitory activities against VEGFR-2, which also displayed selective anti-proliferation potency against HepG2 cell. All synthesized compounds were evaluated for anti-angiogenesis capability. Compound 7o showed the most potent anti-angiogenesis ability, the efficient cytotoxic activities (in vitro against HUVEC and HepG2 cell lines with IC50 values of 0.58 and 0.23 µM, respectively). The molecular docking analysis revealed 7o is a Type-II inhibitor of VEGFR-2 kinase. In general, these results indicated these arylamide-5-anilinoquinazoline-8-nitro derivatives are promising inhibitors of VEGFR-2 for the potential treatment of anti-angiogenesis.

9.
Arch Osteoporos ; 14(1): 107, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707587

RESUMO

Few studies have systematically evaluated the technical aspects of forearm bone mineral density (BMD) measurement. We found that BMD remained stable regardless of the reference point; however, the ROI identified was not always consistent. Our study highlights the importance of using the same reference point for serial measurements of forearm BMD. BACKGROUND: Forearm fractures are clinically important outcomes from the perspective of morbidity, health care costs, and interruption of work. BMD of the forearm, as derived by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), is a better predictor of fracture at the forearm compared with BMD measured at other sites. However, very few studies have evaluated the technical aspects of selecting the ROI for forearm BMD measurement. This study aimed to compare the BMD values measured at the 1/3 radius site using three different reference points: the ulnar styloid process, the radial endplate, and the bifurcation of the ulna and radius. METHODOLOGY: Healthy Chinese patients participating in the control group of an ongoing study at Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital were recruited for this study. For each patient, a DXA scan (GE Lunar Prodigy) of the forearm was performed and BMD values were separately calculated using each of the three reference points to identify the ROI. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated to examine the correlation between the BMD measures derived from each reference point. The F test and independent t test were applied for more robust analysis of the differences in the variances and means. RESULTS: Sixty-eight healthy Chinese volunteers agreed to participate in this study. The root mean square standard deviation (RMS-SD) percentages of BMD values measured at the 1/3 radius site were 2.19%, 2.23%, and 2.20% when using the ulnar styloid process, radial endplate, and the bifurcation of the ulna and radius as the reference points, respectively. Pearson's correlation coefficients for all pairwise comparisons among these three groups were greater than 0.99. F tests and independent t tests showed p values ranging from 0.92 to 0.99. However, we observed that among 10% of patients, choosing an ROI at the ulnar styloid process led to an inability to accurately determine the BMD at the ultra-distal radius. CONCLUSIONS: Given equal ability to determine BMD at the 1/3 radius accurately, the radial endplate or the bifurcation of the ulna and radius should be preferentially selected as the reference point for routine forearm BMD measurements in order to avoid situations in which the ultra-distal radius BMD cannot be determined.

10.
Org Lett ; 21(22): 9236-9240, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687825

RESUMO

The anti-Markovnikov hydrosulfonylation of unactivated alkenes with sodium sulfinates was realized via [Ir(dF(CF3)ppy)2(dtbbpy)]PF6-mediated visible light photoredox catalysis. The presence of an acid such as acetic acid is essential for the reaction to take place. A variety of unactivated alkenes can be transformed into sulfones with good yield and high regioselectivity using this reaction, which is proposed to proceed by a radical mechanism.

11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 112332, 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669443

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dahuang Zhechong pill (DHZCP) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of hepatocarcinoma. AIM OF THE STUDY: Previous studies have found that DHZCP can exert anti-hepatocarcinoma effects and reverse drug resistance by inhibiting energy metabolism. The goal of this study was to further explore the pharmacodynamic substances that inhibit energy metabolism. METHODS: The components of DHZCP absorbed into plasma were identified by UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. The Swiss and STITCH databases were used for target collection. The DAVID database was used for pathway enrichment analysis. Cytoscape software was used for network construction. The CCK-8 method detected cell viability. Chemiluminescence was used to detect ATP levels. RESULTS: A total of 89 components absorbed into plasma were identified by UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. Based on this, 24 potential pharmacodynamic substances were selected by network pharmacology. Among them, 11 components such as rhein can significantly inhibit ATP levels. CONCLUSIONS: Rhein, emodin, chrysophanol, hypoxanthine, baicalein, baicalin, wogonoside, acteoside, formononetin, isoliquiritigenin, and glycyrrhizic acid were the pharmacodynamic substances responsible for inhibition of energy metabolism of DHZCP.

12.
FASEB J ; 33(12): 14680-14689, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682765

RESUMO

Voltage-gated potassium (K+) channel subfamily B member 1 (KCNB1, Kv2.1) and integrin-α5 form macromolecular complexes-named integrin-α5-KCNB1 complexes (IKCs)-in the human brain, but their function was poorly understood. Here we report that membrane depolarization triggered IKC intracellular signals mediated by small GTPases of the Ras subfamily and protein kinase B (Akt) to advance the development of filopodia and lamellipodia in Chinese hamster ovary cells, stimulate their motility, and enhance neurite outgrowth in mouse neuroblastoma Neuro2a cells. Five KCNB1 mutants (L211P, R312H G379R, G381R, and F416L) linked to severe infancy or early-onset epileptic encephalopathy exhibited markedly defective conduction. However, although L211P, G379R, and G381R normally engaged Ras/Akt and stimulated cell migration, R312H and F416L failed to activate Ras/Akt signaling and did not enhance cell migration. Taken together, these data suggest that IKCs modulate cellular plasticity via Ras and Akt signaling. As such, defective IKCs may cause epilepsy through mechanisms other than dysregulated excitability such as, for example, abnormal neuronal development and resulting synaptic connectivity.-Yu, W., Shin, M. R., Sesti, F. Complexes formed with integrin-α5 and KCNB1 potassium channel wild type or epilepsy-susceptibility variants modulate cellular plasticity via Ras and Akt signaling.

13.
Exp Mol Med ; 51(11): 140, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740659

RESUMO

The main pathological mechanism of intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is the programmed apoptosis of nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. Oxidative stress is a significant cause of IVDD. Whether mitophagy is induced by strong oxidative stress in IVDD remains to be determined. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between oxidative stress and mitophagy and to better understand the mechanism of IVDD in vivo and in vitro. To this end, we obtained primary NP cells from the human NP and subsequently exposed them to TBHP. We observed that oxidative stress induced mitophagy to cause apoptosis in NP cells, and we suppressed mitophagy and found that NP cells were protected against apoptosis. Interestingly, TBHP resulted in mitophagy through the inhibition of the HIF-1α/NDUFA4L2 pathway. Therefore, the upregulation of mitochondrial NDUFA4L2 restricted mitophagy induced by oxidative stress. Furthermore, the expression levels of HIF-1α and NDUFA4L2 were decreased in human IVDD. In conclusion, these results demonstrated that the upregulation of NDUFA4L2 ameliorated the apoptosis of NP cells by repressing excessive mitophagy, which ultimately alleviated IVDD. These findings show for the first time that NDUFA4L2 and mitophagy may be potential therapeutic targets for IVDD.

14.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2019: 9896267, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772555

RESUMO

Background: To evaluate the acute angiographic and intermediate-term clinical results of patients with non-left main (LM) coronary artery bifurcation disease (CABD) treated with BVS, as compared with those treated with DES, using the jailed semi-inflated balloon technique (JSIBT) for side branch (SB) protection and provisional stenting. Methods and Results: Sixty-eight patients with non-LM CABD who had undergone provisional one-stent implantation with SB protection by JSIBT between January 2015 and December 2017 were retrospectively enrolled. Among them, 20 patients received Absorb BVS implantation and 48 patients received DES implantation. Patients in the BVS group were younger and had higher BMI, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and hemoglobin but had lower serum creatinine and lower prevalence of prior PCI and MI. No SB balloon rupture/entrapment occurred in either group. The incidence of SB dissection/occlusion and SB in need of rewiring or stenting was rare in both groups and showed no significant difference between them. Postinterventional TIMI flow significantly increased in both groups. The intermediate-term clinical outcomes were good in terms of incidence of target lesion failure, target lesion revascularization, target vessel revascularization, myocardial infarction, and all-cause death in both groups. Conclusion: The use of JSIBT for treating CABD with modern BVS can provide SB protection as similar as those with DES, even with higher incidence of acute SB dissection/occlusion. The immediate angiographic results and acute and intermediate-term clinical outcomes were also similar in both groups. Our study results demonstrate that JSIBT might be a safe and alternative SB protection tool for BVS in patients with complex CABD.

15.
Circulation ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779484

RESUMO

Background: Mutations in low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) are one of the main causes of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), which induces atherosclerosis and has a high lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease. The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 system is an effective tool for gene editing to correct gene mutations and thus ameliorate disease. Methods: To determine whether in vivo somatic cell gene editing through the CRISPR/Cas9 system delivered by adeno-associated virus (AAV) could treat FH caused by the Ldlr mutant in a mouse model. We generated a nonsense point mutation mouse line, LdlrE208X, based on a relevant FH-related gene mutation. The AAV-CRISPR/Cas9 was designed to correct the point mutation in the Ldlr gene in hepatocytes and was delivered subcutaneously into LdlrE208X mice. Results: We found that homogeneous LdlrE208X mice (n=6) exhibited severe atherosclerotic phenotypes after a High-fat diet regimen and the Ldlr mutation was corrected in a subset of hepatocytes after AAV-CRISPR/Cas9 treatment, with LDLR protein expression partially restored (n=6). Compared with the control groups (n=6 each group), the AAV-CRISPR/Cas9 with targeted sgRNA group (n=6) had significant reductions in total cholesterol, total triglyceride, and LDL-cholesterol in the serum, while the aorta had smaller atherosclerotic plaques and a lower degree of macrophage infiltration. Conclusions: Our work shows that in vivo AAV-CRISPR/Cas9-mediated Ldlr gene correction can partially rescue LDLR expression and effectively ameliorate atherosclerosis phenotypes in Ldlr mutants, providing a potential therapeutic approach for the treatment of FH patients.

16.
BMC Pediatr ; 19(1): 443, 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common surgical condition in children. Although a higher incidence of AA in summer has been reported, the reason for this observation remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical findings of AA patients who underwent appendectomies during the summer months with those who underwent the procedure during the non-summer months. METHODS: The clinical data of 171 patients who underwent appendectomy from January 2013 to December 2016 were reviewed. The patients were divided into a summer group (from May to October) and a non-summer group (from November to April) based on the month when appendectomy was performed. All patients were under 18 years of age at the time of surgery. The medical records including laboratory data, computed tomography scans, pathology reports and operative notes were reviewed. RESULTS: The number of patients with AA was higher in the summer group than in the non-summer group (101 vs. 70 patients). No significant differences in the laboratory results between the two groups of patients were observed. The percentage of AA patients who presented with a fecalith was significantly lower in the summer group (33.6%) than in the non-summer group (55.7%). No significant differences in the incidence of appendiceal perforations and abscesses, as well as postoperative complications were observed between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The percentage of AA patients with fecaliths in summer was lower than that in the non-summer months. The increase in the number of AA patients in summer may be due to the increased occurrence of lymphoid hyperplasia, which may be correlated with the yearly outbreak of enterovirus infection during this period.

17.
Neural Plast ; 2019: 8481371, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781183

RESUMO

Action observation therapy has recently attracted increasing attention; however, the mechanisms through which action observation and execution (AOE) modulate neural activity in stroke patients remain unclear. This study was aimed at investigating the effects of action observation and two types of AOE on motor cortical activations after stroke using magnetoencephalography. Twenty patients with stroke and 20 healthy controls were recruited for the collection of data on the beta oscillatory activity in the primary motor cortex (M1). All participants performed the conditions of resting, observation only, and video observation combined with execution (video AOE). Stroke patients performed one additional condition of affected hand observation combined with execution (affected hand AOE). The relative change index of beta oscillations was calculated, and nonparametric tests were used to examine the differences in conditions. In stroke patients, the relative change index of M1 beta oscillatory activity under the video AOE condition was significantly lower than that under the observation only and affected hand AOE conditions. Moreover, M1 cortical activity did not significantly differ under the observation only and affected hand AOE conditions. For healthy controls, the relative change index under the video AOE condition was significantly lower than that under the observation only condition. In addition, no significant differences in relative change indices were found under the observation only and video AOE conditions between the 2 groups. This study provides new insight into the neural mechanisms underlying AOE, which supports the use of observing videos of normal movements during action observation therapy in stroke rehabilitation.

18.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1867(2): 118564, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672612

RESUMO

Recently, histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) have become widely used in anti-cancer treatment; however, due to acquired drug resistance and their relatively low specificity, they are largely ineffective against late-stage cancer. Thus, it is critical to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying these issues, so as to identify novel therapeutic targets to prevent late-stage cancer progression and resistance acquisition. The present study investigated the Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), that has been shown to mediate histone acetylation by regulating histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity during HDACi treatment in human gastric-cancer cell lines (i.e. AGS and NCI-N87 cells). The potent HDACi, Aza-PBHA, was thus shown to upregulate AHR expression in both AGS and NCI-N87 cell lines, and to increase histone acetylation levels by facilitating AHR/HDAC interactions. Conversely, AHR knockdown increased HDAC activity. Aza-PBHA also increased PKCα phosphorylation and membrane translocation; however, interestingly, PKCα inhibition reduced the Aza-PBHA-increased AHR and histone acetylation levels, and inhibited the formation of the AHR/HDAC complex, likely upregulating Aza-PBHA-inhibited cell migration. Thus, our results suggest that Aza-PBHA treatment increased AHR levels to suppress HDAC activity, and inhibited cell migration by activating PKCα activation. These findings support the use of drugs to control AHR-related epigenetic regulation as a promising potential method to prevent acquired resistance to cancer treatments.

19.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 1083, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) participates in angiogenesis and represents a negative prognostic factor in oral cancer. The current study was designed to elucidate the regulatory mechanism between HDGF and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the clinical impact of oral cancer. METHODS: TCGA data and surgical samples from oral cancer patients were used for the clinicopathological parameter and survival analysis. Human oral cancer SCC4 and SAS cells were treated with recombinant HDGF protein. VEGF gene expression and protein level were analyzed by RT-PCR, Western blotting, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The signaling pathways for regulating VEGF expression were investigated. The nucleolin neutralizing antibody and HIF-1α inhibitor were applied to SCC4 cells to investigate their effects on the HDGF-stimulated VEGF pathways. RESULTS: TCGA and immunohistochemical analysis revealed a positive correlation between HDGF and VEGF expression in oral cancer tissues. Recombinant HDGF significantly increased VEGF gene and protein expression in oral cancer SCC4 cells in a dose-dependent manner. HDGF enhanced the phosphorylation levels of AKT and IkB and the protein level of HIF-1α and NF-κB. The nucleolin-neutralizing antibody abolished HDGF-stimulated HIF-1α, NF-κB and VEGF protein expression in SCC4 cells. The HIF-1α inhibitor antagonized the HDGF-induced VEGF gene expression. High VEGF expression was strongly correlated with HDGF expression, advanced disease, and poor survival. CONCLUSION: This study postulated a new pathway in which HDGF activated HIF-1α and then induced VEGF expression through binding to membrane nucleolin under normoxic conditions, leading to poor disease control. The HDGF/HIF-1α/VEGF axis is important for developing future therapeutic strategies.

20.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 1087, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SOX2 is regarded as an important marker in stem cell. The change of SOX2 expression after adjuvant therapy in high grade glioma (HGG) remains unknown so far. Few patients with recurrent glioma have opportunity to undergo operation once again, so the recurrent glioma samples are scarce. This study tries to analyze SOX2 expression in paired primary and recurrent HGG, aims to better understand the transformation law of SOX2 after adjuvant therapy in HGG. METHODS: Twenty-four recurrent HGG patients who undergone a second resection were included. 16 patients received adjuvant therapy, the remaining 8 patients didn't receive any adjuvant therapy at all. The protein expression of SOX2 in paired primary and recurrent HGG was tested by immunohistochemistry. The statistical analysis was conducted by IBM SPSS Statistics 19.0. RESULTS: In primary HGG, SOX2 expression of 3 + , 2 + , 1+ and 0+ were seen in 20 (83.3%), 1 (4.2%), 1 (4.2%) and 2 cases (8.3%), respectively. The expression of SOX2 was decreased in recurrent HGG compared to the paired primary sample (p = 0.001). The decrease of SOX2 was often seen in patients received chemotherapy, radiotherapy or both (p = 0.003). Patients with SOX2 high expression in primary glioma had a longer median PFS than those with SOX2 low expression with marginal statistic significance (12.7 vs. 5.4 months, p = 0.083). For cases with SOX2 high expression in the primary glioma, those had SOX2 low expression after recurrence seemed to have worse prognosis as compared to patients with stable SOX2 high expression (PFS: 10.4 vs. 14.9 months, p = 0.036; OS: 27.0 vs 49.5 months, p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study comparing the protein expression of SOX2 in recurrent HGG and its paired primary tumor. SOX2 high expression is common in brain HGG, a tendency of decreased SOX2 expression in recurrent gliomas was evidenced. Lower SOX2 expression was seen in those patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. Patients with low SOX2 expression in primary HGG usually have poorer prognosis, those with SOX2 expression decreased in recurrent HGG had worse outcome.

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