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1.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 27(11): 1313-1326, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255932

RESUMO

AIMS: Chronification of postoperative pain is a common clinical phenomenon following surgical operation, and it perplexes a great number of patients. Estrogen and its membrane receptor (G protein-coupled estrogen receptor, GPER) play a crucial role in pain regulation. Here, we explored the role of GPER in the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) during chronic postoperative pain and search for the possible mechanism. METHODS AND RESULTS: Postoperative pain was induced in mice or rats via a plantar incision surgery. Behavioral tests were conducted to detect both thermal and mechanical pain, showing a small part (16.2%) of mice developed into pain persisting state with consistent low pain threshold on 14 days after incision surgery compared with the pain recovery mice. Immunofluorescent staining assay revealed that the GPER-positive neurons in the RVM were significantly activated in pain persisting rats. In addition, RT-PCR and immunoblot analyses showed that the levels of GPER and phosphorylated µ-type opioid receptor (p-MOR) in the RVM of pain persisting mice were apparently increased on 14 days after incision surgery. Furthermore, chemogenetic activation of GPER-positive neurons in the RVM of Gper-Cre mice could reverse the pain threshold of pain recovery mice. Conversely, chemogenetic inhibition of GPER-positive neurons in the RVM could prevent mice from being in the pain persistent state. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrated that the GPER in the RVM was responsible for the chronification of postoperative pain and the downstream pathway might be involved in MOR phosphorylation.

2.
Curr Drug Deliv ; 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34139982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Etomidate is commonly used in the induction of anesthesia. We have previously confirmed that etomidate requirements are significantly reduced in patients with obstructive jaundice and that etomidate anesthesia during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) results in more stable hemodynamics when compared with propofol. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether obstructive jaundice affects the pharmacokinetics of etomidate in patients who underwent bile duct surgery. METHODS: 18 patients with obstructive jaundice and 12 non-jaundiced patients scheduled for bile duct surgery were enrolled in the study. Etomidate 0.333 mg/kg was administered by IV bolus for anesthetic induction. Arterial blood samples were drawn before, during, and up to 300 minutes after the bolus. Plasma etomidate concentrations were determined using a validated high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay. A population nonlinear mixed-effects modeling approach was used to characterize etomidate pharmacokinetics. The covariates of age, gender, height, weight, body surface area (BSA), body mass index (BMI), lean body mass (LBM), total bilirubin (TBL), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bile acid (TBA), creatinine (CR), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were tested for significant effects on parameters using a multiple forward selection approach. Covariate effects were judged based on changes in the objective function value (OFV). RESULTS: A three-compartment disposition model adequately described the pharmacokinetics of etomidate. The model was further improved when height was a covariate of total clearance [Cl1=1.30+0.0232(HT-162), ΔOFV=-7.33; P<0.01)]. The introduction of any other covariates, including bilirubin and total bile acids, did not improve the model significantly (P>0.01). For the height of 162cm, the final pharmacokinetic parameter values were as follows: V1=1.42 (95% CI, 1.01-1.83, L), V2=5.52 (95% CI, 4.07-6.97, L), V3=63.9 (95% CI, 41.95-85.85, L), Cl1= 1.30 (95% CI, 1.19-1.41, L/min), Cl2= 1.21 (95%CI, 0.95-1.47, L/min), and Cl3=0.584 (95%CI, 0.95-1.21, L/min), respectively. CONCLUSION: A 3-compartment open model might best describe the concentration profile of etomidate after bolus infusion for anesthesia induction. The pharmacokinetics of etomidate were not changed by the presence of obstructive jaundice.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study attempted to investigate the impact of hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) on postoperative outcomes in hepatitis B virus-induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HBV-HCC) patients. METHODS: HBV-HCC patients undergoing primary curative hepatectomy for HCC in our hospital were diagnosed with HPS by contrast-enhanced echocardiography (CEE) and arterial blood gas analysis. Patients were divided into HPS, intrapulmonary vascular dilation (IPVD) (patients with positive CEE results and normal oxygenation) and control (patients with negative CEE results) groups. Baseline information, perioperative clinical data and postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) were compared among all groups. Cytokines in patient serums from each group (n = 8) were also assessed. RESULTS: Eighty-seven patients undergoing hepatectomy from October 2019 to January 2020 were analyzed. The average time in the postanaesthesia care unit (112.10 ± 38.57 min) and oxygen absorption after extubation [34.0 (14.5-54.5) min] in the HPS group was longer than in IPVD [81.81 ± 26.18 min and 16.0 (12.3-24.0) min] and control [93.70 ± 34.06 min and 20.5 (13.8-37.0) min] groups. There were no significant differences in oxygen absorption time after extubation between HPS and control groups. The incidence of PPCs, especially bi-lateral pleural effusions in the HPS group (61.9%), was higher than in IPVD (12.5%) and control (30.0%) groups. Increased serum levels of the growth-regulated oncogene, monocyte chemoattractant protein, soluble CD40 ligand and interleukin 8 might be related to delayed recovery in HPS patients. CONCLUSIONS: HPS patients with HBV-HCC suffer delayed postoperative recovery and are at higher risk for PPCs, especially bi-lateral pleural effusions, which might be associated with changes in certain cytokines.

4.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 557: 69-76, 2021 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33862462

RESUMO

Remifentanil is a potent, short-acting opioid analgesic drug that can protect tissues from ischemia and reperfusion injury though anti-inflammatory effects. However, the utility of remifentanil in liver regeneration after hepatectomy is not known. Using a 70% hepatectomy mouse model (PHx), we found that preconditioning animals with 4 µg/kg remifentanil enhanced liver regeneration through supporting hepatocyte proliferation but not through anti-inflammatory effects. These effects were also phenocopied in vitro where 40 mM remifentanil promoted the proliferation of primary mouse hepatocyte cultures. We further identified that remifentanil treatment increased the expression of ß-arrestin 2 in vivo and in vitro. Demonstrating specificity, remifentanil preconditioning failed to promote liver regeneration in liver-specific ß-arrestin 2 knockout (CKO) mice subjected to PHx. While remifentanil increased the expression of activated (phosphorylated)-ERK and cyclin D1 in PHx livers, their levels were not significantly changed in remifentanil-treated CKO mice nor in WT mice pretreated with the ERK inhibitor U0126. Our findings suggest that remifentanil promotes liver regeneration via upregulation of a ß-arrestin 2/ERK/cyclin D1 axis, with implications for improving regeneration process after hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Regeneração Hepática , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Remifentanil/farmacologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/terapia , beta-Arrestina 2/metabolismo , Analgésicos Opioides/farmacologia , Animais , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hepatectomia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Regulação para Cima
5.
Paediatr Anaesth ; 31(6): 702-712, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33715251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In pediatric living-donor liver transplantation, lactated Ringer's solution and normal saline are commonly used for intraoperative fluid management, but the comparative clinical outcomes remain uncertain. AIMS: To compare the effect between lactated Ringer's solution and normal saline for intraoperative volume replacement on clinical outcomes among pediatric living-donor liver transplantation patients. METHODS: This single-center, retrospective trial study enrolled children who received either lactated Ringer's solution or normal saline during living-donor liver transplantation between January 2010 and August 2016. The groups with comparable clinical characteristics were balanced by propensity score matching. The primary outcome was 90-day all-cause mortality, and the secondary outcomes included early allograft dysfunction, primary nonfunction, acute renal injury, and hospital-free days (days alive postdischarge within 30 days of liver transplantation). RESULTS: We included 333 pediatric patients who met the entry criteria for analysis. Propensity score matching identified 61 patients in each group. After matching, the lactated Ringer's solution group had a higher 90-day mortality rate than the normal saline group (11.5% vs. 0.0%). Early allograft dysfunction and primary nonfunction incidences were also more frequent in the lactated Ringer's solution group (19.7% and 11.5%, respectively) than in the normal saline group (3.3% and 0.0%, respectively). In the lactated Ringer's solution group, four (6.6%) recipients developed acute renal injury within 7 days postoperatively compared with three (4.9%) recipients in the normal saline group. Hospital-free days did not differ between groups (9 days [1-13] vs. 9 days [0-12]). CONCLUSIONS: For intraoperative fluid management in pediatric living-donor liver transplantation patients, lactated Ringer's solution administration was associated with a higher 90-day mortality rate than normal saline. This finding has important implications for selecting crystalloid in pediatric living-donor liver transplantation. Further randomized clinical trials in larger cohort are necessary to confirm this finding.


Assuntos
Transplante de Fígado , Solução Salina , Assistência ao Convalescente , Criança , Humanos , Soluções Isotônicas , Doadores Vivos , Alta do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lactato de Ringer
6.
Cell Biol Toxicol ; 37(5): 679-693, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788065

RESUMO

Neonatal jaundice is a common symptom that occurs in neonates during the first month of their life and is generally divided into physiological and pathological subtypes. In serious cases, pathological neonatal jaundice frequently shows complications including seizures, cerebral palsy, and kernicterus. However, due to the unclear pathogenesis of pathological neonatal jaundice, effective drugs for this disease remain unsatisfied. In the present study, we first estimated the protective effects of folic acid (FA) on phenylhydrazine (PHA) or homocysteine (Hcy)-injected neonatal rats (2-3 days aged). Intriguingly, we found that FA significantly decreased the elevated total bilirubin (TBIL) and direct bilirubin (DBIL) concentration, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in PHA- or Hcy-injected rats, indicating that FA improves liver functions. Meanwhile, our results also showed that the plasma Hcy level and N-homocysteinylation (N-Hcy) modification of albumin were significantly elevated in the jaundice rats, which were obviously reversed after FA administration. Furthermore, we identified a novel N-Hcy modification site K545 of human serum albumin (HSA) using LC-MS/MS, and the mutagenesis assay in HEK293 further validated these observations. Besides, we demonstrated that the N-Hcy modification of albumin functionally inhibits the bilirubin-binding ability of albumin without altering its protein level both in vitro and in vivo. Altogether, we highlight a mechanism that FA reduces the plasma Hcy level and thereby enhance the bilirubin-binding ability of albumin, which may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of pathological neonatal jaundice.

7.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(4): 345-357, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33584067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies suggested that remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) may effectively lessen the harmful effects of ischemia reperfusion injury during organ transplantation surgery. AIM: To investigate the protective effects of RIPC on living liver donors and recipients following pediatric liver transplantation. METHODS: From January 2016 to January 2019 at Renji Hospital Affiliated with Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 208 donors were recruited and randomly assigned to four groups: S-RIPC group (no intervention; n = 55), D-RIPC group (donors received RIPC; n = 51), R-RIPC group (recipients received RIPC, n = 51) and DR-RIPC group (both donors and recipients received RIPC; n = 51). We primarily evaluated postoperative liver function among donors and recipients and incidences of early allograft dysfunction, primary nonfunction and postoperative complications among recipients. RESULTS: RIPC did not significantly improve alanine transaminase and aspartate aminotransferase levels among donors and recipients or decrease the incidences of early allograft dysfunction, primary nonfunction, and postoperative complications among recipients. Limited protective effects were observed, including a lower creatinine level in the D-RIPC group than in the S-RIPC group on postoperative day 0 (P < 0.05). However, no significant improvements were found in donors who received RIPC. Furthermore, RIPC had no effects on the overall survival of recipients. CONCLUSION: The protective effects of RIPC were limited for recipients who received living liver transplantation, and no significant improvement of the prognosis was observed in recipients.


Assuntos
Precondicionamento Isquêmico , Transplante de Fígado , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Doadores Vivos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/etiologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle
8.
Pediatr Transplant ; 25(3): e13933, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270958

RESUMO

Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in infants for congenital biliary atresia (BA) poses various challenges nowadays. We aim to investigate independent preoperative risk factors for LDLT in infants. We retrospectively analyzed medical records of infant patients who underwent LDLT surgery for BA from 1 July 2014 to 31 December 2016. Cox regression was used to explore risk factors. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the recipient and graft survival, and subgroup analysis was then applied according to the risk factors. Independent t test or Mann-Whitney U test was applied for comparison of certain factors between survival patients and death. A total of 345 infant LDLT for BA were included in the analysis. In the multivariate Cox-regression model, 3 factors were determined as independent risk factors for recipient and graft survival, there were neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), pediatric end-stage liver disease (PELD), and recipient age. The HR (95% CI) of baseline NLR for recipient and graft survival were 1.25 (1.12-1.38) and 1.25 (1.13-1.39), with all P < .0001. Kaplan-Meier curves for NLR using different cut-offs (1.5; 1, 2) suggested that higher baseline NLR was significantly associated with recipient and graft survival. The subgroup analysis indicated that for infants with elevated NLR, the recipient survival was significantly lower when their age >6 months or PELD >20. Our results indicate that infants with higher baseline NLR value may have lower survival rate 3 years after transplantation. Further investigations about broaden the application of pre- and post-transplant NLR to guide nutrition intervention and immunosuppression therapy are necessary.

9.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 20(1): 233, 2020 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928121

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether anesthesia type is associated with the surgical outcome of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) remains to be determined. This study aims to investigate the impact of volatile inhalational anesthesia (INHA) versus total IV anesthesia (TIVA) on the survival outcomes in HCC patients with PVTT. METHODS: A cohort of in-patients whom were diagnosed of HCC with PVTT in Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Shanghai, China, from January 1, 2008 to December 24, 2012 were identified. Surgical patients receiving the INHA and TIVA were screened out. The overall survival (OS), recurrence-free survival (RFS) and several postoperative adverse events were compared according to anesthesia types. RESULTS: A total of 1513 patients were included in this study. After exclusions are applied, 263 patients remain in the INHA group and 208 in the TIVA group. Patients receiving INHA have a lower 5-year overall survival rate than that of patients receiving TIVA [12.6% (95% CI, 9.0 to 17.3) vs. 17.7% (95% CI, 11.3 to 20.8), P = 0.024]. Results of multivariable Cox-regression analysis also identify that INHA anesthesia is significantly associated with mortality and cancer recurrence after surgery compare to TIVA, with HR (95%CI) of 1.303 (1.065, 1.595) and 1.265 (1.040, 1.539), respectively. Subgroup analysis suggested that in more severe cancer patients, the worse outcome related to INHA might be more significant. CONCLUSION: This retrospective analysis identifies that TIVA is associated with better outcomes compared with INHA. Future prospective studies clinical and translational studies are required to verify this difference and investigate underlying pathophysiology.


Assuntos
Anestesia por Inalação/métodos , Anestesia Intravenosa/métodos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Veia Porta/cirurgia , Trombose Venosa/cirurgia , Adulto , Anestesia por Inalação/mortalidade , Anestesia Intravenosa/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Trombose Venosa/mortalidade
10.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 1254, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32922292

RESUMO

Norepinephrine (NE) is often administered during the perioperative period of liver transplantation to address hemodynamic instability and to improve organ perfusion and oxygen supply. However, its role and safety profile have yet to be evaluated in pediatric living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). We hypothesized that intraoperative NE infusion might affect pediatric LDLT outcomes. A retrospective study of 430 pediatric patients (median [interquartile range] age, 7 [6.10] months; 189 [43.9%] female) receiving LDLT between 2014 and 2016 at Renji Hospital was conducted. We evaluated patient survival among recipients who received intraoperative NE infusion (NE group, 85 recipients) and those that did not (non-NE group, 345 recipients). The number of children aged over 24 months and weighing more than 10 kg in NE group was more than that in non-NE group. And children in NE group had longer operative time, longer anhepatic phase time and more fluid infusion. After multivariate regression analysis and propensity score regression adjusting for confounding factors to determine the influence of intraoperative NE infusion on patient survival, the NE group had a 169% more probability of dying. Although there was no difference in mean arterial pressure changes relative to the baseline between the two groups, we did observe increased heart rates in NE group compared with those of the non-NE group at anhepatic phase (P=0.025), neohepatic phase (P=0.012) and operation end phase (P=0.017) of the operation. In conclusion, intraoperative NE infusion was associated with a poorer prognosis for pediatric LDLT recipients. Therefore, we recommend the application of NE during pediatric LDLT should be carefully re-considered.

11.
Oncol Lett ; 20(3): 2729-2738, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32782589

RESUMO

Endothelial progenitor cell (EPC)-induced angiogenesis activity is enhanced in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, the contributing factors remain unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the factors influencing the number of EPCs and circulating progenitor cells (CPCs), as well as the expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) and CD34, in patients with HCC. The expression levels of VEGFR-2 and CD34 were assessed in 72 HCC tumor and matched adjacent tissue microarrays by immunohistochemistry. The associations between VEGFR-2 or CD34 expression in tumors, clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival rates were analyzed. The number of EPCs and CPCs were analyzed in the peripheral blood of patients with HCC. In this study, high expression levels of VEGFR-2 and CD34 were detected in the tumor tissues of 41 (56.9%) and 44 (61.1%) patients, respectively. VEGFR-2 expression was significantly associated with tumor size (P<0.001), bile acid level (P=0.014) and α-fetoprotein level (P=0.011). However, CD34 expression was associated with tumor size (P=0.009), recrudescence (P<0.001) and bile acid (P=0.009). Next, the expression levels of VEGFR-2 and CD34 in tumor and adjacent tissues were compared according to the bile acid level. VEGFR-2 and CD34 expression levels were both higher in the high bile acid group, whereas expression levels of the markers were higher in adjacent tissues compared with tumor tissues. Kaplan-Meier curve analysis identified that patients with low CD34 expression had a longer overall survival compared with patients with high CD34 expression (P=0.029). Multivariate analysis also indicated that both VEGFR-2 (P=0.020) and CD34 (P=0.035) were independent prognostic risk factors. Moreover, flow cytometry demonstrated that the number of EPCs and CPCs was negatively related with the bile acid levels in patients with HCC. In conclusion, in patients with HCC, bile acid promotes EPC-induced angiogenesis. Furthermore, EPCs and CPCs may be activated by bile acid in tumors but are more so in adjacent tissues.

12.
Transplantation ; 104(8): 1619-1626, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732839

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in children has achieved promising outcomes during the past few decades. However, it still poses various challenges. This study aimed to analyze perioperative risk factors for postoperative death in pediatric LDLT. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of pediatric patients who underwent LDLT surgery from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2016, in our hospital. Predictors of mortality following LDLT were analyzed in 430 children. Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier curve analysis were used for covariates selection. A nomogram was developed to estimate overall survival probability. The performance of the nomogram was assessed using calibration curve, decision curve analysis, and time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve. RESULTS: Among the 430 patients in this cohort (median [interquartile range] age, 7 [6.10] mo; 189 [43.9%] female; 391 [90.9%] biliary atresia), the overall survival was 91.4% (95% confidence interval, 89.2-94.4), and most of the death events (36/37) happened within 6 months after the surgery. Multivariate analysis indicated that the Pediatric End-stage Liver Disease score, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio, graft-to-recipient weight ratio, and intraoperative norepinephrine infusion were independent prognostic factors. A novel nomogram was developed based on these prognostic factors. The C index for the final model was 0.764 (95% confidence interval, 0.701-0.819). Decision curve analysis and time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve suggested that this novel nomogram performed well at predicting mortality of pediatric LDLT. CONCLUSIONS: We identified several perioperative risk factors for mortality of pediatric LDLT. And the newly developed nomogram can be a convenient individualized tool in estimating the prognosis of pediatric LDLT.


Assuntos
Atresia Biliar/cirurgia , Doença Hepática Terminal/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/estatística & dados numéricos , Nomogramas , Período Perioperatório/mortalidade , Atresia Biliar/complicações , Atresia Biliar/diagnóstico , Atresia Biliar/mortalidade , Doença Hepática Terminal/diagnóstico , Doença Hepática Terminal/etiologia , Doença Hepática Terminal/mortalidade , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Doadores Vivos , Masculino , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Sci Transl Med ; 12(551)2020 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641490

RESUMO

Clinical advancement of the bioartificial liver is hampered by the lack of expandable human hepatocytes and appropriate bioreactors and carriers to encourage hepatic cells to function during extracorporeal circulation. We have recently developed an efficient approach for derivation of expandable liver progenitor-like cells from human primary hepatocytes (HepLPCs). Here, we generated immortalized and functionally enhanced HepLPCs by introducing FOXA3, a hepatocyte nuclear factor that enables potentially complete hepatic function. When cultured on macroporous carriers in an air-liquid interactive bioartificial liver (Ali-BAL) support device, the integrated cells were alternately exposed to aeration and nutrition and grew to form high-density three-dimensional constructs. This led to highly efficient mass transfer and supported liver functions such as albumin biosynthesis and ammonia detoxification via ureagenesis. In a porcine model of drug overdose-induced acute liver failure (ALF), extracorporeal Ali-BAL treatment for 3 hours prevented hepatic encephalopathy and led to markedly improved survival (83%, n = 6) compared to ALF control (17%, n = 6, P = 0.02) and device-only (no-cell) therapy (0%, n = 6, P = 0.003). The blood ammonia concentrations, as well as the biochemical and coagulation indices, were reduced in Ali-BAL-treated pigs. Ali-BAL treatment attenuated liver damage, ameliorated inflammation, and enhanced liver regeneration in the ALF porcine model and could be considered as a potential therapeutic avenue for patients with ALF.


Assuntos
Falência Hepática Aguda , Fígado Artificial , Albuminas , Animais , Hepatócitos , Humanos , Fígado , Falência Hepática Aguda/terapia , Suínos
14.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(12): 1352-1364, 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32256022

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) has become the gold standard for patients with end-stage liver disease. With improvements in organ preservation, immunosuppression, surgical and anesthesia techniques, the survival rates and long-term outcomes of patients after LDLT have significantly improved worldwide. However, data on anesthetic management and postoperative survival rate of pediatric LDLT in China are rare. AIM: To review the status of pediatric LDLT in Shanghai and investigate the factors related to anesthetic management and survival rate in pediatric LDLT. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study to investigate the status of pediatric LDLT in Shanghai by reviewing 544 records of patients who underwent pediatric LDLT since the first operation on October 21, 2006 until August 10, 2016 at Renji Hospital and Huashan Hospital. RESULTS: The 30-d, 90-d, 1-year, and 2-year survival rates were 95.22%, 93.38%, 91.36%, and 89.34%, respectively. The 2-year patient survival rate after January 1, 2011 significantly improved compared with the previous period (74.47% vs 90.74%; hazard ratio: 2.92; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.16-14.14; P = 0.0004). Median duration of mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit (ICU) was 18 h [interquartile range (IQR), 15.25-20.25], median ICU length of stay was 6 d (IQR: 4.80-9.00), and median postoperative length of stay was 24 d (IQR: 18.00-34.00). Forty-seven (8.60%) of 544 patients did not receive red blood cell transfusion during the operation. CONCLUSION: Pediatric end-stage liver disease (PELD) score, anesthesia duration, operation duration, intraoperative blood loss, and ICU length of stay were independent predictive factors of in-hospital patient survival. Pediatric end-stage liver disease score, operation duration, and ICU length of stay were independent predictive factors of 1-year and 3-year patient survival.


Assuntos
Anestesia/mortalidade , Doença Hepática Terminal/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Anestesia/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , China , Doença Hepática Terminal/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Tempo de Internação , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Doadores Vivos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087972

RESUMO

In both normal turnover of the hepatic tissue and acute hepatic injury, the liver predominantly activates terminally differentiated hepatocytes to proliferate and repair. However, in chronic and severe chronic injury, this capacity fails, and liver progenitor cells (LPCs) can give rise to hepatocytes to restore both hepatic architecture and liver metabolic function. Although the promotion of LPC-to-hepatocyte differentiation to acquire a considerable number of functional hepatocytes could serve as a potentially new therapeutic option for patients with end-stage liver disease, its development first requires the identification of the molecular mechanisms driving this process. Here, we found that the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), a progenitor cell marker, regulates the differentiation of LPCs into hepatocytes through Notch1 signaling pathway. Western blotting (WB) revealed a consistent expression pattern of EpCAM and Notch1 during LPC-to-hepatocyte differentiation in vitro. Additionally, overexpression of EpCAM blocked LPC-to-hepatocyte differentiation, which was in consistent with the repressive role of Notch signaling during hepatic differentiation. WB and immunofluorescence data also showed that the upregulation of EpCAM expression increased the generation of Notch intracellular domain (N1ICD), indicating the promotion of Notch1 activity. Our results established the EpCAM-Notch1 signaling axis as an inhibitory mechanism preventing LPC-to-hepatocyte differentiation in vitro.

16.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109304, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810142

RESUMO

Patients with obstructive jaundice are prone to develop cardiovascular complications during surgery. However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. The present study was aimed to investigate the role of p38 MAPK-pHsp27 pathway in vascular hyporesponsiveness induced by obstructive jaundice. Firstly, an experimental rat obstructive jaundice model was established by bile duct ligation (BDL). We found that the thoracic aorta rings isolated from BDL rats showed decreased response to norepinephrine and acetylcholine, while continuous intraperitoneal injection with SB203580, a selective P38 MAPK inhibitor, could significantly prevented BDL-induced hyporeactivity. Also, the immunohistochemistry and Western blot assays revealed that the up-regulation of pHsp27 and F-actin in thoracic aorta rings from BDL rats and bilirubin-treated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were also inhibited by SB203580. Moreover, we identified that bilirubin could induced decreased cell proliferation of VSMCs by using CCK8 assay and which was also prevented by SB203580. All these data demonstrated that p38 MAPK-pHsp27 mediates vascular hyporesponsiveness in rats with obstructive jaundice by modulating the expression level of pHsp27 and F-actin, and that inhibition of p38 MAPK signaling could remodel the vascular activity.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP27/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Actinas/metabolismo , Animais , Bilirrubina , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Masculino , Músculo Liso Vascular , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Piridinas/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Acta Neuropathol Commun ; 7(1): 217, 2019 12 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870460

RESUMO

Perioperative sleep disturbance is a risk factor for persistent pain after surgery. Clinical studies have shown that patients with insufficient sleep before and after surgery experience more intense and long-lasting postoperative pain. We hypothesize that sleep deprivation alters L-type calcium channels in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG), thus delaying the recovery from post-surgical pain. To verify this hypothesis, and to identify new predictors and therapeutic targets for persistent postoperative pain, we first established a model of postsurgical pain with perioperative sleep deprivation (SD) by administering hind paw plantar incision to sleep deprivation rats. Then we conducted behavioral tests, including tests with von Frey filaments and a laser heat test, to verify sensory pain, measured the expression of L-type calcium channels using western blotting and immunofluorescence of dorsal root ganglia (an important neural target for peripheral nociception), and examined the activity of L-type calcium channels and neuron excitability using electrophysiological measurements. We validated the findings by performing intraperitoneal injections of calcium channel blockers and microinjections of dorsal root ganglion cells with adeno-associated virus. We found that short-term sleep deprivation before and after surgery increased expression and activity of L-type calcium channels in the lumbar dorsal root ganglia, and delayed recovery from postsurgical pain. Blocking these channels reduced impact of sleep deprivation. We conclude that the increased expression and activity of L-type calcium channels is associated with the sleep deprivation-mediated prolongation of postoperative pain. L-type calcium channels are thus a potential target for management of postoperative pain.


Assuntos
Canais de Cálcio Tipo L/metabolismo , Gânglios Espinais/metabolismo , Gânglios Espinais/fisiopatologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/metabolismo , Privação do Sono/metabolismo , Animais , Canais de Cálcio Tipo L/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Masculino , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neurônios/fisiologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
18.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 25(12): 1343-1352, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756041

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Delayed thrombolytic therapy with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) may exacerbate blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown after ischemic stroke and lead to catastrophic hemorrhagic transformation (HT). Rosiglitazone(RSG), a widely used antidiabetic drug that activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), has been shown to protect against cerebral ischemia through promoting poststroke microglial polarization toward the beneficial anti-inflammatory phenotype. However, whether RSG can alleviate HT after delayed tPA treatment remains unknown. In this study, we sort to examine the role of RSG on tPA-induced HT after stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the murine suture middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) models of stroke followed by delayed administration of tPA (10 mg/kg, 2 hours after suture occlusion) to investigate the therapeutic potential of RSG against tPA-induced HT. When RSG(6 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally administered 1 hour before MCAO in tPA-treated MCAO mice, HT in the ischemic territory was significantly attenuated 1 day after stroke. In the tPA-treated MCAO mice, we found RSG significantly mitigated BBB disruption and hemorrhage development compared to tPA-alone-treated stroke mice. Using flow cytometry and immunostaining, we confirmed that the expression of CD206 was significantly upregulated while the expression of iNOS was down-regulated in microglia of the RSG-treated mice. We further found that the expression of Arg-1 was also upregulated in those tPA and RSG-treated stroke mice and the protection against tPA-induced HT and BBB disruption in these mice were abolished in the presence of PPAR-γ antagonist GW9662 (4 mg/kg, 1 hour before dMCAO through intraperitoneal injection). CONCLUSIONS: RSG treatment protects against BBB damage and ameliorates HT in delayed tPA-treated stroke mice by activating PPAR-γ and favoring microglial polarization toward anti-inflammatory phenotype.


Assuntos
Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Hemorragias Intracranianas/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragias Intracranianas/prevenção & controle , Ativadores de Plasminogênio/efeitos adversos , Rosiglitazona/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/efeitos adversos , Anilidas/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Barreira Hematoencefálica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Hipoglicemiantes/antagonistas & inibidores , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Lectinas Tipo C/biossíntese , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Masculino , Lectinas de Ligação a Manose/biossíntese , Lectinas de Ligação a Manose/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/genética , PPAR gama/antagonistas & inibidores , Ativadores de Plasminogênio/uso terapêutico , Receptores de Superfície Celular/biossíntese , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Rosiglitazona/administração & dosagem , Rosiglitazona/antagonistas & inibidores , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/uso terapêutico
19.
Theranostics ; 9(22): 6690-6705, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588244

RESUMO

Rationale: The idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (iDILI) is a major cause of acute liver injury and a key challenge in late-stage drug development. Individual heterogeneity is considered to be an essential factor of iDILI. However, few in vitro model can predict heterogeneity in iDILI. We have previously shown that mouse and human hepatocytes can be converted to expandable liver progenitor-like cells in vitro (HepLPCs). However, the limited proliferation potential of human HepLPCs confines its industrial application. Here, we reported the generation of a novel hepatocyte model not only to provide unlimited cell sources for human hepatocytes but also to establish a tool for studying iDILI in vitro. Methods: Human primary hepatocytes were isolated by modified two-step perfusion technique. The chemical reprogramming culture condition together with gene-transfer were then used to generate the immortalized HepLPC cell lines (iHepLPCs). Growth curve, doubling time, and karyotype were analyzed to evaluate the proliferation characteristics of iHepLPCs. Modified Hepatocyte Maturation Medium and 3D spheroid culture were applied to re-differentiate iHepLPCs. Results: iHepLPCs exhibited efficient expansion for at least 40 population doublings, with a stable proliferative ability. They could easily differentiate back into metabolically functional hepatocytes in vitro within 10 days. Furthermore, under three-dimensional culture conditions, the formed hepatic spheroids showed multiple liver functions and toxicity profiles close to those of primary human hepatocytes. Importantly, we established a hepatocyte bank by generating a specific number of such cell lines. Screening for population heterogeneity allowed us to analyze the in vitro heterogeneous responses to hepatotoxicity induced by molecular targeted drugs. Conclusions: In light of the proliferative capacity and the heterogeneity they represented, these iHepLPCs cell lines may offer assistance in studying xenobiotic metabolism as well as liver diseases in vitro.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/citologia , Testes de Toxicidade/métodos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/efeitos adversos , Esferoides Celulares/efeitos dos fármacos
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