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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 282: 114609, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508802

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Danggui-Yimucao herb pair (DY) is a classic combination in Chinese herbal formulas, consisting of the root of Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels and the aerial parts of Leonurus japonicus Houtt. DY first appeared in "Zhulinsi fuke mifang" in the Jin Dynasty, and it has a long history as a drug for the treatment of abortion. However, its underlying immunomodulatory mechanisms involved are still unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, network pharmacology and pharmacological experiments were used to explore the role and mechanism of DY in the treatment of medical abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Network pharmacology was used to establish the relationship between the components of DY and abortion-related targets, and to enrich important pathways and biological process for verification. ELISA was used to assess progesterone levels. Flow cytometry was used to detect the degree of differentiation of Th1/Th2 cells. Immunohistochemical methods and qPCR were used to measure the expression levels of T-bet, GATA-3 and IL-4. RESULTS: Through the prediction analysis of network pharmacology, we found that key pathway for DY treatment of abortion, such as anemia, pelvic infection, immune disorders, and coagulation disorders, was Th1/Th2 cell differentiation pathway. The pharmacological results revealed that DY greatly corrected the imbalance of Th cell subsets in abortion mice, significantly inhibited the differentiation of Th2 cells, and resulted in an increase in the Th1/Th2 ratio. In addition, the concentration of progesterone in the serum of mice after abortion was significantly reduced. We also found that DY upregulated spleen T-bet and downregulated IL-4 gene expression in mice. Besides, immunohistochemical results showed that DYE could up-regulate T-bet but inhibit GATA-3 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that after RU486-induced abortion, progesterone and Th1/Th2 paradigm were disordered in mice, but DY could make mice recover more quickly, which indicated that DY had great development value in immunoregulation.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 422: 126838, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411960

RESUMO

Ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination in food is a serious threat to public health. There is an urgent need for development of rapid and sensitive methods for OTA detection, to minimize consumer exposure to OTA. In this study, we constructed two OTA-specific fluonanobodies (FluoNbs), with a nanobody fused at the carboxyl-terminal (SGFP-Nb) or the amino-terminal (Nb-SGFP) of superfolder green fluorescence protein. SGFP-Nb, which displayed better fluorescence performance, was selected as the tracer for OTA, to develop a FluoNb-based nanosensor (FN-Nanosens) via the fluorescence resonance energy transfer, where the SGFP-Nb served as the donor and the chemical conjugates of OTA-quantum dots served as the acceptor. After optimization, FN-Nanosens showed a limit of detection of 5 pg/mL, with a linear detection range of 5-5000 pg/mL. FN-Nanosens was found to be highly selective for OTA and showed good accuracy and repeatability in recovery experiments using cereals with various complex matrix environments. Moreover, the contents of OTA in real samples measured using FN-Nanosens correlated well with those from the liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. Therefore, this work illustrated that the FluoNb is an ideal immunosensing tool and that FN-Nanosens is reliable for rapid detection of OTA in cereals with ultrahigh sensitivity.

3.
J Cell Biol ; 221(1)2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813648

RESUMO

Primary cilia transduce diverse signals in embryonic development and adult tissues. Defective ciliogenesis results in a series of human disorders collectively known as ciliopathies. The CP110-CEP97 complex removal from the mother centriole is an early critical step for ciliogenesis, but the underlying mechanism for this step remains largely obscure. Here, we reveal that the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) plays an essential role in ciliogenesis by targeting the CP110-CEP97 complex. LUBAC specifically generates linear ubiquitin chains on CP110, which is required for CP110 removal from the mother centriole in ciliogenesis. We further identify that a pre-mRNA splicing factor, PRPF8, at the distal end of the mother centriole acts as the receptor of the linear ubiquitin chains to facilitate CP110 removal at the initial stage of ciliogenesis. Thus, our study reveals a direct mechanism of regulating CP110 removal in ciliogenesis and implicates the E3 ligase LUBAC as a potential therapy target of cilia-associated diseases, including ciliopathies and cancers.

4.
Mol Med Rep ; 25(1)2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34841438

RESUMO

Heme oxygenase­1 (HO­1) is an inducible cytoprotective enzyme that degrades heme into free iron, carbon monoxide and biliverdin, which is then rapidly converted into bilirubin. These degradation products serve an important role in the regulation of inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis. While the expression level of HO­1 is typically low in most cells, it may be highly expressed when induced by a variety of stimulating factors, a process that contributes to the regulation of cell homeostasis. In the 5'­non­coding region of the HO­1 gene, there are two polymorphic sites, namely the (GT)n dinucleotide and T(­413)A single nucleotide polymorphism sites, which regulate the transcriptional activity of HO­1. These polymorphisms have been shown to be closely associated with the occurrence and progression of numerous diseases, including cardiovascular, pulmonary, liver and kidney, various types of cancer and viral diseases. The present article reviews the progress that has been made in research on the association between the two types of polymorphisms and these diseases, which is expected to provide novel strategies for the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of various diseases.

5.
Food Chem ; 370: 131044, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509940

RESUMO

The shelf life of chestnut rose beverage is largely dependent on packaging method and storage temperature. In this study, we investigated the effects of packaging beverages in bottles made of either polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or PEN (polyethylene naphthalate)/PET and storage temperature (4, 25, 37, and 55 ℃) on the shelf life of chestnut rose beverage. The physicochemical parameters and enzyme activity of beverages were evaluated, and we found that at 4 °C, the vitamin C, superoxide dismutase, and total polyphenol contents of beverages stored in PEN/PET bottles increased by 9.95 ± 0.49%, 2.86 ± 0.13%, and 3.23 ± 0.09% respectively, compared to beverages in ordinary PET bottles. In addition, other characteristic indicators including total soluble solids, browning index, and color value were also significantly improved. A shelf-life model was established based on the Arrhenius equation, and it will help distributors and consumers to determine the storage time and optimal shelf life of chestnut rose beverage.


Assuntos
Polietilenotereftalatos , Rosa , Bebidas/análise , Embalagem de Alimentos , Polietilenotereftalatos/análise , Temperatura
6.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2102038, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729950

RESUMO

Glutamine metabolism of tumor cells plays a crucial role in maintaining cell homeostasis and reducing oxidative damage. Herein, a valid strategy of inhibiting glutamine metabolism is proposed to amplify the oxidative damage of photodynamic therapy (PDT) to tumor cells. Specifically, the authors develop a drug co-delivery system (designated as CeV) based on chlorine e6 (Ce6) and V9302 via the self-assembly technology. In spite of the strong hydrophobicity of therapeutic agents, the assembled CeV holds a favorable dispersibility in water and an improved cellular uptake capability. Under light irradiation, the internalized CeV is capable of generating abundant reactive oxygen species (ROS) for PDT. More importantly, CeV can reduce the uptake of glutamine through V9302-mediated alanine-serine-cysteine transporter of type-2 (ASCT2) inhibition, leading to a reduced glutathione (GSH) production and an amplified oxidative stress. As a result, CeV has a robust PDT efficacy on tumor inhibition by the blockade of glutamine transport. Notably, CeV exhibits a superiority on tumor suppression over the single treatment as well as the combined administration of Ce6 and V9302, which indicates the advantage of CeV for synergistic treatment. It may serve as a novel nanoplatform for developing a drug co-delivery system to improve PDT efficiency by inhibiting cell metabolism.

7.
Spinal Cord ; 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802054

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: International multicentre cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the organisation and systems of paediatric spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation services in seven countries and compare them with available recommendations and key features of paediatric SCI. SETTING: Ten SCI rehabilitation units in seven countries admitting children and adolescents with SCI < 18 years of age. METHODS: An online survey reporting data from 2017. Descriptive and qualitative analysis were used to describe the data. RESULTS: The units reported large variations in catchment area, paediatric population and referrals, but similar challenges in discharge policy. Nine of the units were publicly funded. Three units had a paediatric SCI unit. The most frequent causes of traumatic injury were motor vehicle accidents, falls, and sports accidents. Unlike the other units, the Chinese units reported acrobatic dancing as a major cause. Mean length of stay in primary rehabilitation ranged between 18 and 203 days. Seven units offered life-long follow-up. There was a notable variation in staffing between the units; some of the teams were not optimal regarding the interdisciplinary and multiprofessional nature of the field. Eight units followed acknowledged standards and recommendations for specialised paediatric SCI rehabilitation and focused on family-centred care and rehabilitation as a dynamic process adapting to the child and the family. CONCLUSIONS: As anticipated, we found differences in the organisation and administration of rehabilitation services for paediatric SCI in the ten rehabilitation units in seven countries. This might indicate a need for internationally approved, evidence-based guidelines for specialised paediatric SCI rehabilitation.

8.
Front Comput Neurosci ; 15: 735991, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795570

RESUMO

Structural MRI (sMRI) has been widely used to examine the cerebral changes that occur in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, previous studies have aimed for brain changes at the group level rather than at the individual level. Additionally, previous studies have been inconsistent regarding the changes they identified. It is difficult to identify which brain regions are the true biomarkers of PD. To overcome these two issues, we employed four different feature selection methods [ReliefF, graph-theory, recursive feature elimination (RFE), and stability selection] to obtain a minimal set of relevant features and nonredundant features from gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM). Then, a support vector machine (SVM) was utilized to learn decision models from selected features. Based on machine learning technique, this study has not only extended group level statistical analysis with identifying group difference to individual level with predicting patients with PD from healthy controls (HCs), but also identified most informative brain regions with feature selection methods. Furthermore, we conducted horizontal and vertical analyses to investigate the stability of the identified brain regions. On the one hand, we compared the brain changes found by different feature selection methods and considered these brain regions found by feature selection methods commonly as the potential biomarkers related to PD. On the other hand, we compared these brain changes with previous findings reported by conventional statistical analysis to evaluate their stability. Our experiments have demonstrated that the proposed machine learning techniques achieve satisfactory and robust classification performance. The highest classification performance was 92.24% (specificity), 92.42% (sensitivity), 89.58% (accuracy), and 89.77% (AUC) for GM and 71.93% (specificity), 74.87% (sensitivity), 71.18% (accuracy), and 71.82% (AUC) for WM. Moreover, most brain regions identified by machine learning were consistent with previous findings, which means that these brain regions are related to the pathological brain changes characteristic of PD and can be regarded as potential biomarkers of PD. Besides, we also found the brain abnormality of superior frontal gyrus (dorsolateral, SFGdor) and lingual gyrus (LING), which have been confirmed in other studies of PD. This further demonstrates that machine learning models are beneficial for clinicians as a decision support system in diagnosing PD.

9.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(20): 1563, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790769

RESUMO

Background: The precise pathogenesis of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is still largely unknown at present. Our previous study found that toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) downregulated and performed immunoregulatory dysfunction in mesenchymal stem cells from AS patients (AS-MSCs). The aim of this study was to explore the expression profiles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in TLR4-primed AS-MSCs, and to clarify the potential mechanisms. Methods: The immunoregulatory effects of MSCs were determined after TLR4 activation. Next, the differentially-expressed (DE) lncRNAs and mRNAs between AS-MSCs and TLR4-primed AS-MSCs [stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)] were identified via high-throughput sequencing followed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) confirmation. Finally, bioinformatics analyses were performed to identify the critical biological functions, signaling pathways, and associated functional networks involved in the TLR4-primed immunoregulatory function of AS-MSCs. Results: A total of 147 DE lncRNAs and 698 DE mRNAs were identified between TLR4-primed AS-MSCs and unstimulated AS-MSCs. Of these, 107 lncRNAs were upregulated and 40 were downregulated (fold change ≥2, P<0.05), while 504 mRNAs were upregulated and 194 were downregulated (fold change ≥2, P<0.05). Five lncRNAs and five mRNAs with the largest fold changes were respectively verified by qRT-PCR. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses demonstrated that the DE mRNAs and lncRNAs were highly associated with the inflammatory response, such as NOD-like receptor (NLR) signaling pathway, the TNF signaling pathway and the NF-κB signaling pathway. Cis-regulation prediction revealed eight novel lncRNAs, while trans-regulation prediction revealed 15 lncRNAs, respectively. Eight core pairs of lncRNA and target mRNA in the lncRNA-transcription factor (TF)-mRNA network were as follows: PACERR-PTGS2, LOC105378085-SOD2, LOC107986655-HIVEP2, MICB-DT-MICB, LOC105373925-SP140L, LOC107984251-IFIT5, LOC112268267-GBP2, and LOC101926887-IFIT3, respectively. Conclusions: TLR4 activation in AS can enhance the immunoregulatory ability of MSCs. Eight core pairs of lncRNA and target mRNA were observed in TLR4-primed AS-MSCs, which could contribute to understanding the potential mechanism of AS-MSC immunoregulatory dysfunction.

10.
Pharmacol Res ; 175: 105983, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822972

RESUMO

Angiogenesis plays an important role in the growth and metastasis of solid tumors including melanoma. Inhibiting tumor-associated angiogenesis is a tactic in treating melanoma. Dioscin restrains angiogenesis in colon tumor and has anti-melanoma effects in cell and animal models. In a previous study, we found that dioscin inhibits Src/STAT3 signaling in melanoma cells. Activation of the Src/STAT3 pathway has been shown to promote tumor angiogenesis. This study aimed to determine whether dioscin's anti-melanoma effects is related to inhibiting Src/STAT3 signaling-mediated angiogenesis. In a B16F10 allograft mouse model, we found that dioscin inhibited melanoma growth and angiogenesis. To exclude the impact of tumor growth on angiogenesis, a chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) model was used to verify the anti-angiogenic effect of dioscin. Results showed that dioscin suppressed vessel formation in CAM. To determine if tumor secreted pro-angiogenic cytokines are involved in the anti-angiogenic effect of dioscin, conditioned media from dioscin-treated A375 melanoma cells were used to culture human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and tube formation was monitored. It was observed that the tube formation of HUVECs was inhibited. Mechanistic studies revealed that dioscin inhibited the activation of Src and STAT3, and lowered mRNA and protein levels of STAT3 transcriptionally-regulated genes, in B16F10 melanomas. ELISA assays showed that dioscin decreased the secretion of MMP-2, MMP-9 and VEGF from A375 cells. Over-activation of STAT3 lessened the effects of dioscin in decreasing the secretion of pro-angiogenic cytokines from melanoma cells, and in inhibiting tube formation of HUVECs cultured with conditioned media from melanoma cell cultures. In summary, we for the first time demonstrated that inhibiting Src/STAT3 signaling-mediated angiogenesis is involved in the anti-melanoma effects of dioscin. This study provides further pharmacological groundwork for developing dioscin as an anti-melanoma agent.

11.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(10): 10922-10929, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the clinical safety and efficacy of foldable capsular vitreous body (FCVB) in the treatment of severe silicone oil-dependent eyes. METHODS: Five patients (5 eyes) of severe silicone oil-dependent eyes underwent FCVB implantation from December 2019 to July 2020. The preoperative and postoperative visual acuity, intraocular pressure, corneal conditions, postoperative retinal reattachment, and FCVB status were observed. The patients were followed up for 12-15 months. RESULTS: A total of 5 patients (5 eyes) with severe silicone oil-dependent eyes were included, including 3 males and 2 females, with an average age of 32±14 years. The longest silicone oil tamponade time was 8 years, and the shortest was 2 years, with an average of 5±3 years. All patients were safely and successfully implanted with FCVB without severe intraoperative or postoperative complications. Up to the last follow-up, there was no significant change between preoperative and postoperative visual acuity. Before surgery, 4 patients had normal intraocular pressure while 1 patient had ocular hypotension; after surgery, the latter was still at a low level, and the other patients had intraocular pressure in the normal range. CONCLUSIONS: The FCVB is a safe, feasible, and effective vitreous substitute to maintain ocular morphology and intraocular pressure without aggravating silicone oil emulsification, retinal displacement, or corneal degeneration during the implantation period of 12-15 months.


Assuntos
Descolamento Retiniano , Óleos de Silicone , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Descolamento Retiniano/cirurgia , Vitrectomia , Corpo Vítreo , Adulto Jovem
12.
Nanotechnology ; 33(7)2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34822343

RESUMO

Solution-processed organic photovoltaic (OPV) as a new energy device has attracted much attention due to its huge potential in future commercial manufacturing. However, so far, most of the studies on high-performance OPV have been treated with halogenated solvents. Halogenated solvents not only pollute the environment, but are also harmful to human health, which will negatively affect the large-scale production of OPV in the future. Therefore, it is urgent to develop low-toxic or non-toxic non-halogen solvent-processable OPV. Compared with conventional fullerene OPVs, non-fullerene OPVs exist with stronger absorption, better-matched energy levels and lower energy loss. Processing photoactive layers with non-fullerenes as the acceptor material has broad potential advantages in non-halogenated solvents. This review introduces the research progress of non-fullerene OPV treated by three different kinds of green solvents as the non-halogenated and aromatic solvent, the non-halogenated and non-aromatic solvent, alcohol and water. Furthermore, the effects of different optimization strategies on the photoelectric performance and stability of non-fullerene OPV are analyzed in detail. The current optimization strategy can increase the power conversion efficiency of non-fullerene OPV processed with non-halogen solvents up to 17.33%, which is close to the performance of processing with halogen-containing solvents. Finally, the commercial potential of non-halogen solvent processing OPVs is discussed. The green solvent processing of non-fullerene-based OPVs will become a key development direction for the future of the OPV industry.

13.
J Hepatocell Carcinoma ; 8: 1355-1365, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805014

RESUMO

Purpose: In this study, we aimed to develop a novel liver function and inflammatory markers-based nomogram to predict recurrence-free survival (RFS) for AFP-negative (<20 ng/mL) HCC patients after curative resection. Patients and Methods: A total of 166 pathologically confirmed AFP-negative HCC patients were included at the Ningbo Medical Center Lihuili Hospital. A LASSO regression analysis was used for data dimensionality reduction and element selection. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to identify the independent risk factors relevant to RFS. Finally, clinical nomogram prediction model for RFS of HCC was established. Nomogram performance was assessed via internal validation and calibration curve statistics. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and decision curve analysis (DCA) curve were used to validate the performance and clinical utility of the nomogram. Results: Multivariate Cox regression analysis indicated that ALBI grade (hazard ratio, [HR] = 2.624, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.391-4.949, P = 0.003), INR (HR = 2.605, 95% CI: 1.061-6.396, P = 0.037), MLR (HR = 1.769, 95% CI: 1.073-2.915, P = 0.025) and MVI (HR = 4.726, 95% CI: 2.365-9.444, P < 0.001) were independent prognostic factors of RFS. Nomogram with independent factors was established and achieved a better concordance index of 0.753 (95% CI: 0.672-0.834) for predicting RFS. The ROC found that the area under curve (AUC) was consistent with the C-index and the sensitivity was 85.4%. The risk score calculated by nomogram could divide AFP-negative HCC patients into high-, moderate- and low-risk groups (P < 0.05). DCA analysis revealed that the nomogram could augment net benefits and exhibited a wider range of threshold probabilities by the risk stratification than the AJCC T and BCLC stage in the prediction of AFP-negative HCC recurrence. Conclusion: The ALBI grade- and MLR-based nomogram prognostic model for RFS showed high predictive accuracy in AFP-negative HCC patients after surgical resection.

14.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 34(5): 1743-1748, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803011

RESUMO

The effects of crude extract from the flowers of Trollius chinensis on expressions of mRNA and proteins related to vital genes (TLR 3, TBK 1, IRF 3 and IFN ß) in TLR 3 signaling pathway were investigated in the presence/absence of Polyinosinic acid-polycytidylic acid (PolyI: C) to ascertain the antiviral mechanism of these flowers. Real-time PCR and western blot were applied to determine the expressions of mRNA and proteins, respectively, and immunofluorescence assay was employed to study the effect on IRF 3 distribution between nuclei and cytoplasma. In the absence of PolyI:C, the crude extract reduced the mRNA expression of TLR 3, IRF 3 and IFN ß and the protein expression of TLR 3, and increased the protein expression of IRF 3 and the distribution of IRF 3 in nuclei. In the presence of PolyI:C, the extract reduced the mRNA and protein expressions of TLR 3 and the mRNA expression of IFN ß, meanwhile inhibited the translocation of IRF 3 into nuclei. The antiviral mechanism of the crude extract from the flowers of T. chinensis is to protect the host from inflammatory damage through intervening the TLR 3 signaling pathway and reducing the secretion of inflammatory factors.

15.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 399, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798854

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study was to compare the postoperative complications, overall survival and disease-free survival in young and old gastric cancer patients after gastrectomy using propensity score matching (PSM). METHODS: Adult patients (aged ≥ 18 years) who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer in a single clinical center from January 2013 to December 2017 were enrolled continuously for retrospective analysis. To minimize the selection bias between the young and old groups, the PSM was conducted in this study. RESULTS: A total of 558 patients were included in this study, with 51 patients in the young group (aged ≤ 45 years) and 507 patients in the old group (aged > 45 years). After 1:1 matching according to PSM, 51 patients in the young group were matched to 51 patients in the old group. After PSM, there was no difference in the baseline information. In terms of short-term outcomes, no difference was found in operation time (P = 0.190), intraoperative blood loss (P = 0.336), retrieved lymph nodes (P = 0.948), blood transfusion (P = 0.339), postoperative hospital stay (P = 0.194), or postoperative complications (P = 0.477) between the two groups. For overall survival, no statistically significant difference was found in all stages (P = 0.383), stage I (P = 0.431), stage II (P = 0.875) or stage III (P = 0.446) gastric cancer. Furthermore, regarding disease-free survival, no differences were found between the two groups in all stages (P = 0.378), stage I (P = 0.431), stage II (P = 0.879) or stage III (P = 0.510) gastric cancer. CONCLUSION: Age might not be an independent prognostic factor for short-term outcomes, OS, or DFS in gastric cancer patients who underwent gastrectomy. The pTNM stage of GC might be an independent prognostic factor for OS and DFS.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the antihypertensive mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) is associated with attenuating phenotype transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) via phosphoinositide3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways. METHODS: Eight Wistar-ktoyo (WKY) rats were set as normal blood pressure group (normal group). A total of 32 spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs) were randomly divided into 4 groups using random number tables: a model group, an EA group, an EA+PI3K antagonist group (EA+P group), and an EA+p38 MAPK agonist+extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) agonist group (EA+M group) (n=8/group). SHRs in EA group, EA+P group and EA+M group received EA treatment 5 sessions per week for continuous 4 weeks, while rats in the normal and model groups were bundled in same condition. The systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) of each rat was measured at 0 week and the 4th week. After 4-week intervention, thoracic aorta was collected for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, immunohistochemistry [the contractile markers α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and calponin and the synthetic marker osteopontin (OPN)] and Western blot [α-SMA, calponin, OPN, PI3K, phosphorylated-Akt (p-Akt), Akt, p-p42/44 ERK, total p42/44 ERK, p-p38 MAPK and total p38 MAPK]. RESULTS: EA significantly reduced SBP, DBP and MAP (P<0.01). HE staining showed that the wall thickness of thoracic aorta in EA group was significantly decreased (P<0.01). From results of immunohistochemistry and Western blot, EA increased the expression of α-SMA and calponin, and decreased the expression of OPN (P<0.01). In addition, the expression of PI3K and p-Akt increased (P<0.01), while the expression of p-p42/44 ERK and p-p38 MAPK decreased in EA group (P<0.01). However, these effects were reversed by PI3K antagonist, p38 MAPK agonist and ERK agonist. CONCLUSIONS: EA was an effective treatment for BP management. The antihypertensive effect of EA may be related with inhibition of phenotypic transformation of VSMCs, in which the activation of PI3K/Akt and the repression of MAPK pathway were involved.

17.
Endocrine ; 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was a risk factor for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). Whether MetS impacts the aggressiveness of PTC is still unclear. We carried out this study to clarify this issue. METHODS: We evaluated 745 consecutive PTC patients treated with surgery. Patients were divided into three groups based on their number of MetS components: patients without any MetS components, patients with 1-2 MetS components, and patients with 3-5 MetS components. The clinical features and histological aggressiveness of PTC at the time of diagnosis were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 745 patients were included in this study. And, 145 patients had three or more metabolic components and were diagnosed as MetS. MetS was a risk factor for larger tumors (OR = 2.29, 95% CI: 1.31-4.03), more lymph node metastasis (OR = 1.97, 95% CI: 1.11-3.51), and later clinical stage (OR = 7.92, 95% CI: 1.59-39.34) after correction for age, sex, and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level and body mass index (BMI). CONCLUSION: In our hospital-based cohort study MetS was associated with the aggressiveness of PTC. This association was still significant after adjusting for age, sex, TSH, and BMI.

18.
Pharmacol Res ; : 106004, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826603

RESUMO

Emerging evidence has shown that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may be both a consequence and a cause of hypertension. Recent studies have demonstrated that phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4)-cAMP signaling represents a pathway relevant to the pathophysiology of metabolic disorders. This study aims to investigate the impact and the underlying mechanism of PDE4 in the pathogenesis of NAFLD and its associated hypertension. Here we demonstrated that high-fat-diet (HFD) fed mice developed NAFLD and hypertension, with an associated increase in hepatic PDE4D expression, which can be prevented and even reversed by PDE4 inhibitor roflumilast. Furthermore, we demonstrated that hepatic overexpression of PDE4D drove significant hepatic steatosis and elevation of blood pressure. Mechanistically, PDE4D activated fatty acid translocase CD36 signaling which facilitates hepatic lipid deposition, resulting in TGF-ß1 production by hepatocytes and excessive TGF-ß1 signaling in vessels and consequent hypertension. Specific silencing of TGF-ß1 in hepatocytes by siRNA using poly (ß-amino ester) nanoparticles significantly normalized hepatic PDE4D overexpression-activated TGF-ß1 signaling in vessels and hypertension. Together, the conclusions indicated that PDE4D plays an important role in the pathogenesis of NAFLD and associated hypertension via activation of CD36-TGF-ß1 signaling in the liver. PDE4 inhibitor such as roflumilast, which is clinically approved for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) treatment, has the potential to be used as a preventive or therapeutic drug against NAFLD and associated hypertension in the future.

20.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 13(9): 1157-1163, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616520

RESUMO

This review summarizes the definition and surgical methods of oncometabolic surgery according to previous studies. Then, the authors discuss the beneficial effects observed after gastrectomy in gastric cancer (GC) patients with concurrent hypertension or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The authors summarize the current studies analyzing the remission rate and the hypotheses of the mechanisms underlying these effects. The remission rate ranged from 42.5%-65.4% in T2DM patients and from 11.1%-57.6% among those with hypertension. Furthermore, the remission of T2DM could have an impact on overall survival rates as well. The mechanisms underlying the remission of hypertension and T2DM is unclear in current studies, but oncometabolic surgery is expected to be applied in clinical practice. In addition, the effect of oncometabolic surgery on other chronic metabolic comorbidities is expected to be proven in further studies. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to discuss the effects of oncometabolic surgery reported in current studies with a primary focus on the remission of hypertension and T2DM after gastrectomy in GC patients. The possibility of the remission of other metabolic comorbidities in GC patients who undergo oncometabolic surgery is also discussed.

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