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1.
Mech Ageing Dev ; 184: 111175, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678325

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by a series of interacting pathophysiological cascades, including the aggregation of ß-amyloid plaques and the formation of neurofibrillary tangles derived from hyperphosphorylated tau proteins. AD is the cause of approximately 70 % of dementia, an irreversible and untreatable syndrome at its late stage. Hence, more efforts should be devoted to identifying at-risk or preclinical AD populations for early intervention and the improved design of drug trials. The exosome, a nanoscale subtype of extracellular vesicle that serves as a cell-to-cell communication messenger, is an emerging liquid biopsy tool for various diseases including AD. Recently, it has been discovered that brain-derived exosomes can flow through the blood-brain barrier to the peripheral blood, containing important protein and nucleic acid biomarkers that are associated with the pathogenesis and progression of AD. Other reports showed a strong involvement of exosomes in synaptic function, insulin resistance, and neuroinflammation, among others. Here, we summarize those studies and assess the value of exosomes as an emerging tool for the early detection of AD in conjunction with the current clinical diagnosis paradigm.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702856

RESUMO

MtmOIV and MtmW catalyze the final two reactions in the mithramycin (MTM) biosynthetic pathway, the Baeyer-Villiger opening of the fourth ring of premithramycin B (PMB), creating the C3 pentyl side chain, strictly followed by reduction of the distal keto group on the new side chain. Unexpectedly this results in a C2 stereoisomer of mithramycin, iso-mithramycin (iso-MTM). Iso-MTM undergoes a non-enzymatic isomerization to MTM catalyzed by Mg2+ ions. Crystal structures of MtmW and its complexes with co-substrate NADPH and PEG, suggest a catalytic mechanism of MtmW. The structures also show that a tetrameric assembly of this enzyme strikingly resembles of the ring-shaped ß subunit of a vertebrate ion channel. We show that MtmW and MmOIV form a complex in the presence of PMB and NADPH, presumably to hand over the unstable MtmOIV product to MtmW, yielding iso-MTM, as a potential self-resistance mechanism against MTM toxicity.

3.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; : ATVBAHA119312589, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A high level of LDL-C (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The E3 ubiquitin ligase named IDOL (inducible degrader of the LDLR [LDL receptor]; also known as MYLIP [myosin regulatory light chain interacting protein]) mediates degradation of LDLR through ubiquitinating its C-terminal tail. But the expression profile of IDOL differs greatly in the livers of mice and humans. Whether IDOL is able to regulate LDL-C levels in humans remains to be determined. Approach and Results: By using whole-exome sequencing, we identified a nonsynonymous variant rs149696224 in the IDOL gene that causes a G51S (Gly-to-Ser substitution at the amino acid site 51) from a Chinese Uygur family. Large cohort analysis revealed IDOL G51S carriers (+/G51S) displayed significantly higher LDL-C levels. Mechanistically, the G51S mutation stabilized IDOL protein by inhibiting its dimerization, preventing self-ubiquitination, and subsequent proteasomal degradation. IDOL(G51S) exhibited a stronger ability to promote ubiquitination and degradation of LDLR. Adeno-associated virus-mediated expression of IDOL(G51S) in mouse liver decreased hepatic LDLR and increased serum levels of LDL-C, total cholesterol, and triglyceride. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that IDOL(G51S) is a gain-of-function variant responsible for high LDL-C in both humans and mice. These results suggest that IDOL is a key player regulating cholesterol level in humans.

4.
Anesthesiology ; 131(5): 1125-1147, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer pain is a pervasive clinical symptom impairing life quality. Vascular endothelial growth factor A has been well studied in tumor angiogenesis and is recognized as a therapeutic target for anti-cancer treatment. This study tested the hypothesis that vascular endothelial growth factor A and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 contribute to bone cancer pain regulation associated with spinal central sensitization. METHODS: This study was performed on female rats using a metastatic breast cancer bone pain model. Nociceptive behaviors were evaluated by mechanical allodynia, thermal hyperalgesia, spontaneous pain, and CatWalk gait analysis. Expression levels were measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blot, and immunofluorescence analysis. Excitatory synaptic transmission was detected by whole-cell patch-clamp recordings. The primary outcome was the effect of pharmacologic intervention of spinal vascular endothelial growth factor A/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2-signaling on bone cancer pain behaviors. RESULTS: The mRNA and protein expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 were upregulated in tumor-bearing rats. Spinal blocking vascular endothelial growth factor A or vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 significantly attenuated tumor-induced mechanical allodynia (mean ± SD: vascular endothelial growth factor A, 7.6 ± 2.6 g vs. 5.3 ± 3.3 g; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, 7.8 ± 3.0 g vs. 5.2 ± 3.4 g; n = 6; P < 0.0001) and thermal hyperalgesia (mean ± SD: vascular endothelial growth factor A, 9.0 ± 2.4 s vs. 7.4 ± 2.7 s; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, 9.3 ± 2.5 s vs. 7.5 ± 3.1 s; n = 6; P < 0.0001), as well as spontaneous pain and abnormal gaits. Exogenous vascular endothelial growth factor A enhanced excitatory synaptic transmission in a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2-dependent manner, and spinal injection of exogenous vascular endothelial growth factor A was sufficient to cause pain hypersensitivity via vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2-mediated activation of protein kinase C and Src family kinase in naïve rats. Moreover, spinal blocking vascular endothelial growth factor A/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 pathways suppressed protein kinase C-mediated N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor activation and Src family kinase-mediated proinflammatory cytokine production. CONCLUSIONS: Vascular endothelial growth factor A/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 contributes to central sensitization and bone cancer pain via activation of neuronal protein kinase C and microglial Src family kinase pathways in the spinal cord.

5.
Biol Reprod ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616934

RESUMO

The pregnancy complication preeclampsia is directly associated with hypoxic stress and insufficient trophoblast cell differentiation. The hypoxia-inducible microRNA (miRNA), miR-210, has been identified as a significantly up-regulated miRNA in preeclamptic placenta, and evidence in other cell types has indicated a feedback regulation between miR-210 and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) under hypoxic condition. It remains unclear whether and how the feedback loop between miR-210 and HIF-1α may contribute to trophoblast dysfunction in preeclampsia. Here we proved that cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding 2 (CPEB2) was a direct target of miR-210 in human trophoblast. CPEB2 could inhibit the translation of hypoxia-induced HIF-1α via directly binding the cytoplasmic polyadenylation element (CPE) site in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of HIF-1α mRNA. The increase in the HIF-1α level upon hypoxia treatment could be efficiently reversed by miR-210 inhibitor. In addition, CPEB2 was primarily expressed in villous syncytiotrophoblasts, and the suppression of trophoblast cell syncytialization by miR-210 could be significantly rescued by CPEB2 overexpression. In preeclamptic placenta, the expression of CPEB2 was evidently lower than normal pregnant control, and the miR-210 level was aberrantly higher and trophoblast syncytialization was limited. The findings revealed a positive feedback loop between miR-210 and HIF-1α that is mediated by CPEB2 in human trophoblasts, and demonstrated a mechanism underlying the insufficient trophoblast syncytialization in preeclampsia under hypoxic stress.

6.
Biosci Rep ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661113

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have explored associations between IL-18 promoter polymorphisms and coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the results were controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis to clarify the association between the two polymorphisms and CAD risk. METHODS: We searched English and Chinese databases and calculated the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) to estimate whether there are genetic associations between IL-18 promoter polymorphisms and the risk of CAD. All relevant studies were screened and meta-analyzed using STATA 15.0. RESULTS: A total of 15 studies, including 12 studies for-137 G/C and 9 studies for -607 C/A, were identified for the meta-analysis. For -137 G/C, the results showed a significantly reduced risk of CAD in the dominant model (OR=0.85) and heterozygous model (OR=0.88) in the overall analysis. However, in subgroup analysis, decreased CAD risks were only observed in Asian populations for heterozygous genetic models. For -607 C/A, the overall OR revealed a reduced risk of CAD in all five genetic models (allelic, OR=0.78; recessive, OR=0.75; dominant, OR=0.68; homozygous, OR=0.61; heterozygous, OR=0.72). In subgroup analysis, reduced CAD risk was also found in five genetic models of the Asian population. We also found that the IL-18 polymorphisms were correlated with myocardial infarction and multivessel disease. CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that the -137 polymorphism and -607 polymorphism in the IL-18 promoter were negatively associated with CAD, especially in the Asian population. In addition, some genetic models were correlated with the severity of CAD.

7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 183: 109556, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31509926

RESUMO

Dydrogesterone (DDG) is a synthetic progestin used in contraception and hormone replacement therapy. Our previous transcriptome data showed that the response to light stimulus, photoperiodism and rhythm related gene ontology (GO) terms were significantly enriched in the brain of zebrafish after chronic exposure to DDG. Here we investigated the effects of DDG on the eye of zebrafish. Zebrafish were exposed to DDG at three concentration levels (3.39, 33.1, and 329 ng L-1) for 120 days. Based on our previous transcriptome data, the transcription of genes involved in visual cycle and circadian rhythm network was examined by qPCR analysis. In the visual cycle network, exposure to all concentrations of DDG significantly decreased transcription of grk7a, aar3a and guca1d, while increased the transcription of opn1mw4 and opn1sw2 at the low concentration. Importantly, exposure to all concentrations of DDG down-regulated the transcription of rep65a that encodes a critical enzyme to catalyze the conversion from all-trans-retinal to 11-cis-retinal in the eye of male zebrafish. In the circadian rhythm network, DDG enhanced the transcription of clocka, arntl2 and nifil3-5 at all three concentrations, while it decreased the transcription of cry5, per1b, nr1d2b and si:ch211.132b12.7. In addition, DDG decreased the transcription of tefa in both males and females. Moreover, histological analysis showed the exposure to 329 ng L-1 of DDG decreased the thickness of retinal ganglion cell in the eye of male zebrafish. These results indicated that DDG exposure could affect the transcription of genes in visual cycle and circadian rhythm network in the eyes of zebrafish. This suggests that DDG has potential negative impact on the normal eye function.

8.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 104: 109896, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499977

RESUMO

Zinc alloys have been explored as potential materials for biodegradable vascular stents due to their tolerable corrosion rates and tunable mechanical properties. However, the performances of Zn alloys were not supported with enough toxicity or biological compatibility evaluation, particularly hemocompatibility for vascular scaffolding application. In this work, the hemocompatibility of three zinc alloys (Zn-0.8Cu, Zn-0.8Mn and Zn-0.8Li) was evaluated with 316 L stainless steel and pure zinc as controls. The hemolysis ratios of 316 L stainless steel, pure Zn, Zn-0.8Cu, Zn-0.8Mn and Zn-0.8Li were 0.38 ±â€¯0.08%, 1.04 ±â€¯0.21%, 0.47 ±â€¯0.21%, 0.57 ±â€¯0.14% and 0.52 ±â€¯0.22%, respectively, for direct contact method. Platelets aggregation on the 316 L stainless steel was observed, while the adhered platelets on the Zn alloys exhibited round shape with few pseudopodia spreading. The number of adhered platelets on the three zinc alloys (Zn-0.8Cu, Zn-0.8Mn and Zn-0.8Li) had no statistically difference compared with 316 L stainless steel, while significant fewer than the pure Zn group. None remarkable platelet activation, hematocyte aggregation, coagulation or complement activation was observed in any Zn alloy group. Furthermore, the Zn alloys prolonged prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time, demonstrating a potential function of anticoagulation. The results demonstrated that Zn alloys presented in this work are indeed meeting the hemocompatible requirements of implant and showing the promise for perspective application as biodegradable stent.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 690: 1110-1119, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470474

RESUMO

This study investigated the occurrence and fate of 19 biocides in 8 wastewater treatment plants and receiving aquatic environments (both freshwater and estuarine systems) in Thailand. The predominant compound in wastewater and surface water was methylparaben with the maximum concentration of 15.2 µg/L detected in the receiving river, while in sludge and sediment was triclocarban with the maximum concentration of 8.47 µg/g in sludge. Triclosan was the main contaminants in the fish samples with the maximum concentration of 1.20 µg/g. Similar results of biocides were found in the estuarine system in Pattaya city, with the maximum concentration of 185 ng/L in sea water for methylparaben, and 242 ng/g in estuarine sediment for triclocarban. The aqueous removal rates for the biocides ranged from 15% to 95% in average. The back estimated-usage and total estimated emission of Æ©19 biocides in Thailand was 279 and 202 tons/year, respectively. Preliminary ecological risk assessment showed that clotrimazole and triclosan could pose high risks to aquatic organisms in the receiving aquatic environments.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Carbanilidas/análise , Rios/química , Tailândia , Triclosan/análise , Águas Residuárias/química
10.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(11): e949, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biallelic variants of the CASQ2 are known to cause the autosomal recessive form of catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), an inherited disease that predisposes young individuals to syncope and sudden cardiac death. To date, only about 24 CASQ2 variants have been reported in association with CPVT pathogenesis; furthermore, studies in Asians, especially in the Chinese population, are relatively rare. The aim of this study was to detect CASQ2 variants in Chinese patients with CPVT. METHODS: We used targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) to identify CASQ2 variants in Chinese patients with CPVT. A screening process was performed to prioritize rare variants of potential functional significance. Sanger sequencing was conducted to conform the candidate variants and determine the parental origin. RESULTS: We identified seven different CASQ2 variants, of which three (c.1074_1075delinsC, c.1175_1178delACAG, and c.838+1G>A) have not been previously reported. The variants exhibited autosomal recessive inheritance, and were detected in four unrelated Chinese families with CPVT. They included a nonsense variant c.97C>T (p.R33*) and a missense variant c.748C>T (p.R250C) in Family 1 with three CPVT patients; two heterozygous frameshift variants, c.1074_1075delinsC (p.G359Afs*12) and c.1175_1178delACAG (p.D392Vfs*84), in Family 2 with one CPVT patient; one pathogenic homozygous variant c.98G>A (p.R33Q) of CASQ2 in the CPVT patient of Family 3; and two heterozygous splicing variants, (c.532+1G>A) and (c.838+1G>A), in Family 4 with one CPVT patient. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first systematic study of Chinese children with CASQ2 variants. Our work further expands the genetic spectrum of CASQ2-associated CPVT.

11.
J Glob Antimicrob Resist ; 19: 192-193, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520808

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The rapid spread of Klebsiella spp. is recognised as a major threat to public health owing to a rise in the number both of healthcare- and community-acquired infections. Here we report the draft genome sequence of a high carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. quasipneumoniae strain (Cln185) isolated from a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patient with pneumonia. METHODS: Classical microbiological methods were applied to isolate and identify the strain. Genomic DNA was sequenced using an Illumina HiSeq platform and the reads were de novo assembled into contigs using CLC Genomics Workbench. The assembled contigs was annotated and whole-genome sequencing (WGS) was performed. RESULTS: WGS analysis revealed that the genome comprised a circular chromosome of 5 406 774bp with a GC content of 57.73%. Three important antimicrobial resistance genes (blaIMP-38, blaOKP-B-6 and blaDHA-1) were detected. In addition, genes conferring resistance to aminoglycosides, ß-lactams, fluoroquinolones and tetracycline were also identified. CONCLUSION: The draft genome sequence reported here will lay the foundation for future research on antimicrobial resistance and pathogenic mechanisms in K. quasipneumoniae subsp. quasipneumoniae and also will promote comparative analysis with genomic features among different sources of clinically important multidrug-resistant strains.

12.
J Pain ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494272

RESUMO

Orofacial pain is characterized by its easy spread to adjacent areas, thus presenting with primary hyperalgesia (hypersensitivity at the site of injury) and secondary hyperalgesia (extraterritorial hypersensitivity outside the injured zone). However, the mechanisms behind the secondary hyperalgesia are poorly understood. In the present study, we used a mouse model of partial transection of the infraorbital nerve (pT-ION) to study whether calcium channel subunit α2δ1 (Cavα2δ1) and its downstream signaling contributes to the development of secondary hyperalgesia in the orofacial area. pT-ION caused primary (V2 skin) and secondary (V3 skin) hyperalgesia, which was reversed by the Cavα2δ1 antagonist gabapentin and by the expression of Cavα2δ1-targeting interfering RNA in trigeminal ganglion (TG)-V3 neurons. pT-ION induced increased expression of PKC and TRPA1, which was reversed by Cavα2δ1-targeting interfering RNA, and PKC inhibition reversed the upregulation of TRPA1 and gap junction (GJ) proteins induced by pT-ION. Cavα2δ1 overexpression in TG-V2 neurons induced the upregulation of PKC, TRPA1, and the GJ proteins in the TG and trigeminal subnucleus caudalis and induced hypersensitivity in the V3 skin area, which was reversed by TRPA1, GJ, or PKC blockade. Thus, we conclude that Cavα2δ1 contributes to the development of secondary hyperalgesia through its downstream PKC-TRPA1/GJ signaling pathways. PERSPECTIVE: This study demonstrates that the activation of Cavα2δ1 and the downstream PKC-TRPA1/GJ signaling pathway contributes greatly to trigeminal nerve injury-induced secondary mechanical and cold hyperalgesia. This suggests that inhibitors of Cavα2δ1, TRPA1, or GJs might be effective treatments for nerve injury-induced spreading of orofacial pain.

13.
Neurotoxicology ; 75: 221-232, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562916

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore effects and mechanisms of 004 (IMM-H004), a novel coumarin derivative, in OKA (okadaic acid)-induced AD (Alzheimer's disease)-like model. In vitro, MTT, LDH, and Annexin V/FITC flow cytometry assay were used to test cell survival. In vivo, OKA microinjection was conducted to simulate AD-like neuropathology. Morris water maze and Nissl staining were used to detect spatial memory function and neuronal damage respectively. Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to study the mechanisms of 004 in Tau pathology. The results showed that 004 reduced cell death and increased survival in PC12 cells, and decreased neuronal injury in the hippocampus in rats. 004 improved learning and memory functions in OKA-treated rats. The mechanistic studies indicated that 004 inhibited phosphorylation of Tau protein by down-regulating the activity of protein kinases CDK5 and GSK3ß and increasing PP2A activity. Overall, 004 improved spatial memory impairments and neuron cells injury induced by OKA; on the other hand, 004 inhibited Tau hyperphosphorylation by regulating CDK5, GSK3ß and PP2A.

14.
Insect Sci ; 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389658

RESUMO

The geomagnetic field (GMF) is an environmental cue that provides directional information for animals. The intensity of GMF is varied over space and time. Variations in the GMF intensity affect the navigation of animals and their physiology. In this study, the phototaxis of the migratory insect rice planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (N. lugens) and frataxin in N. lugens (Nl-fh), which is a mitochondrial protein required for cellular iron homeostasis and iron-sulfur cluster assembly, were investigated by using different intensities of magnetic field. From the results, individuals of N. lugens showed decreased phototaxis when reared and tested in a behavioral arena under a strong magnetic field. Besides the reduction in performance, an accompanying effect of the strong magnetic field condition was a reduced level of Nl-fh-messenger RNA, and a Nl-fh knockdown indeed impaired the phototactic behavior in a tested sample of insects. This leads to the conclusion that the expression of frataxin is dependent on the strength of the surrounding magnetic field and that functional frataxin facilitates phototactic behavior in N. lugens.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 58(16): 11085-11090, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385697

RESUMO

Because of their nontoxicity, economic applicability, and excellent performance on adsorptive desulfurization, the fabrication of Cu(I) sites onto porous supports has drawn much attention. However, high temperatures (usually ≥700 °C) are required for the formation of Cu(I) sites from Cu(II) species through the traditional autoreduction method, which is unworkable for thermolabile metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Here, we report a strategy named vapor-induced reduction (VIR) to convert Cu(II) species to Cu(I) in MIL-101(Cr), in which ethanol is used as an environmentally benign reductant. The entire formation of Cu(I) from Cu(II) with more than 96% selectivity is allowed, at a relatively low temperature of 200 °C, and well-maintains the structure of the MOF. Moreover, the generated Cu(I) sites exhibit good performances in adsorption desulfurization with regard to both activity and reusability.

16.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0220845, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369643

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098047.].

17.
Acta Biomater ; 97: 657-670, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401346

RESUMO

In the present study, a novel biodegradable Zn-0.8Cu coronary artery stent was fabricated and implanted into porcine coronary arteries for up to 24 months. Micro-CT analysis showed that the implanted stent was able to maintain structural integrity after 6 months, while its disintegration occurred after 9 months of implantation. After 24 months of implantation, approximately 28 ±â€¯13 vol% of the stent remained. Optical coherence tomography and histological analysis showed that the endothelialization process could be completed within the first month after implantation, and no inflammation responses or thrombosis formation was observed within 24 months. Cross-section analysis indicated that the subsequent degradation products had been removed in the abluminal direction, guaranteeing that the strut could be replaced by normal tissue without the risk of contaminating the circulatory system, causing neither thrombosis nor inflammation response. The present work demonstrates that the Zn-0.8Cu stent has provided sufficient structural supporting and exhibited an appropriate degradation rate during 24 months of implantation without degradation product accumulation, thrombosis, or inflammation response. The results indicate that the Zn-0.8Cu coronary artery stent is promising for further clinical applications. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Although Zn and its alloys have been considered to be potential candidates of biodegradable metals for vascular stent use, by far, no Zn-based stent with appropriate medical device performance has been reported because of the low mechanical properties of zinc. The present work presents promising results of a Zn-Cu biodegradable vascular stent in porcine coronary arteries. The Zn-Cu stent fabricated in this work demonstrated adequate medical device performance both in vitro and in vivo and degraded at a proper rate without safety problems induced. Furthermore, large animal models have more cardiovascular similarities as humans. Results of this study may provide further information of the Zn-based stents for translational medicine research.

18.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 28(8): 1101-1110, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inhibition of the protein C system (PCS) might be one of the mechanisms of ulcerative colitis (UC). OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore the role of IgG plasma cells in changes in the PCS in UC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) was chosen to induce mouse UC. Inflammation was assessed using hematoxylin & eosin (H&E) staining and immunofluorescence. The profiling of colonic plasma cells and macrophages from colitis mice was analyzed with flow cytometry. After stimulation of macrophages with IgG type immune complex (IgG-IC), western blot was used to determine tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) protein levels. After co-incubation of colonic mucosa microvascular endothelial cells (MVECs) with TNF-α or IL-6, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) expression was detected. RESULTS: The DSS-colitis mice showed higher inflammatory indexes (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01), accompanied by greater infiltration of CD38+IgG+ plasma cells (p < 0.01), CD14+CD64+ macrophages (p < 0.01) and IgG-IC than healthy mice. Enhancement of TNF-α and IL-6 protein expression was demonstrated in this subset of macrophages when stimulated by IgG-IC (p < 0.01). After MVECs were incubated with TNF-α or IL-6, the expression of ß-arrestin1, pP38 MAPK and pJNK MAPK exhibited an increase (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01), but downregulation of endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) expression was observed (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01); this inhibition of EPCR expression was reversed by SB203580, SP600125 or U0126 (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01). In addition, changes in activated protein C (APC) presented results similar to those for EPCR expression (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These results reveal that the PCS is inhibited during UC processing. There is a possibility that the interaction between IgG plasma cells and CD14+CD64+ macrophages, as well as further secretion of cytokines from CD14+CD64+ macrophages by the formation and stimulation of IgG-IC, subsequently influence MVECs through the ß-arrestin-MAPK pathway. Enhancement of PCS activity may represent a novel approach for treating UC.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Ativação de Macrófagos , Proteína C , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/imunologia , Colo , Células Endoteliais , Imunoglobulina G/fisiologia , Receptores de Lipopolissacarídeos , Camundongos , Plasmócitos , Proteína C/fisiologia , Receptores de IgG
19.
BMC Vet Res ; 15(1): 256, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fowl adenovirus (FAdV) is an infectious agent that can cause jaundice, severe anaemia, dyspnoea and reproductive disorders in fowls. Since 2015, FAdV disease has been rapidly spreading among broiler chickens in China, where it has caused significant economic losses. In this study, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) real-time turbidity method with strong specificity to FAdV was established. RESULTS: The established assay was specific to FAdV-4, and the lower limit of detection was 75 copies/µL of extracted DNA. The positive detection rate for the suspected tissue samples was 33.3% (14/42), which was consistent with that of the real-time PCR. CONCLUSION: The proposed LAMP method can quickly and accurately detect prevalent FAdV via real-time turbidity assay, thereby providing a diagnostic platform for the prevention and control of the FAdV disease.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314635

RESUMO

Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) is a rare and highly malignant neoplasm composed of small round cells, which frequently occurs in children and adolescents. PNET originating from the prostate is even rarer. We report a case of PNET of the prostate with notalgia and paraplegia as the initial symptoms. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography scanning showed hypodense and hypermetabolism on the prostate; subsequently, we ascertained the diagnosis by transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy. The patient underwent local vertebral radiotherapy combined with five courses of systematic chemotherapy. Disease progressed after 11 months, and the overall survival was 17 months.

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