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1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130422, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392082

RESUMO

Tea cream, produced by interactions among tea ingredients, is undesirable in tea beverage industry. The interaction between bovine serum albumin (BSA) and theaflavin-3,3'-digallate (TFDG, an important component in tea cream and functional substance of black tea) was investigated by fluorescence spectroscopy, ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorption spectroscopy, synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy, fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, and molecular docking technique. Multi-spectroscopic experiments demonstrated that TFDG interacted with BSA via static quenching, and the microenvironment around BSA became more hydrophobicity. FT-IR showed that the α-helix of BSA was increased when binding with TFDG. Thermodynamic parameters and molecular docking demonstrated that hydrophobic interactions and hydrogen bonds dominated the interaction between TFDG and BSA. The mechanism proposed in this research could further develop some nanoparticles to excellent biochemical properties while reducing the formation of tea cream, and explore the potential of BSA as transport carrier for TFDG.


Assuntos
Soroalbumina Bovina , Biflavonoides , Sítios de Ligação , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Dicroísmo Circular , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Soroalbumina Bovina/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Termodinâmica
2.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(18): 1458, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734010

RESUMO

Background: The role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (SSc-PAH) remains to be fully elucidated. This study evaluated the expression profile of miRNAs in the lung tissue of patients with SSc-PAH. Methods: Lung tissue samples were collected from 3 SSc-PAH patients and 4 healthy controls. A small RNA high throughput sequence approach was used for screening the differentially expressed miRNAs in the lung tissue samples. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to validate 4 highly significant differentially expressed miRNAs. Gene Ontology and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) enrichment analysis for mRNAs were performed using the R package clusterProfiler software. Results: A total of 82 upregulated miRNAs and 35 downregulated miRNAs were detected in the lung tissues of patients with SSc-PAH compared with healthy controls. GO enrichment analysis demonstrated that the upregulated target genes were closely involved in biological processes such as nervous system development, anatomical structure morphogenesis, system development, cellular macromolecule metabolic processes, and cellular processes. The downregulated target genes were involved in the plasma membrane bound cell projection morphogenesis and the regulation of macromolecule metabolic processes. The KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the upregulated genes were associated with important pathways involved in cancer biology, and the target genes of the downregulated miRNAs were involved in axon guidance. High throughput sequencing and qRT-PCR revealed that hsa-miR-205-5p and hsa-miR-539-3p were differentially expressed in SSc-PAH tissue. The target genes of hsa-miR-205-5p and hsa-miR-539-3p, IRF1and ADCYAP1, respectively, were verified using the high throughput dataset GSE48149. Conclusions: miRNAs may play an important role in the pathogenesis of SSc-PAH, and hsa-miR-205-5p and hsa-miR-539-3p may be potential therapeutic targets in patients with SSc-PAH.

3.
Food Funct ; 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34825691

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to elucidate the pharmacological effects of sesamin (Ses) and its mechanism of action towards PM2.5-induced cardiovascular injuries. Method: Forty Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into five groups: a saline control group; a PM2.5 exposure group; and low-, middle-, and high-dose Ses pretreatment groups. The SD rats were pretreated with different concentrations of Ses for 21 days. Afterward, the rats were exposed to ambient PM2.5 by intratracheal instillation every other day for a total of three times. The levels of inflammatory markers, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1beta (IL-1ß), and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and indicators related to oxidative responses, such as total superoxide dismutase (SOD), reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and malondialdehyde (MDA), were measured in the blood and heart. The expression of ferroptosis-related proteins in heart tissues was determined via western blot and immunohistochemistry. Results: Ses pretreatment substantially ameliorated cardiovascular injuries in rats as evidenced by the decrease in the pathological score and collagen area. The decreased levels of SOD, GSH, and GSH-Px in the heart and serum were inhibited by Ses. In addition, Ses not only notably increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes but also reduced the levels of MDA, CK, LDH, CK-MB, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6. Furthermore, Ses pretreatment upregulated the expression levels of GPX4, SLC7A11, TFRC, and FPN1 and inhibited the expression levels of FTH1 and FTL. Conclusion: Ses pretreatment could ameliorate PM2.5-induced cardiovascular injuries perhaps by inhibiting ferroptosis. Therefore, Ses pretreatment may be a novel strategy for the prevention and treatment of PM2.5-induced cardiovascular injury.

4.
Pharm Biol ; 59(1): 1528-1532, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726569

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The interaction between nobiletin and anemarsaponin BII could affect the pharmacological activity of these two drugs during their combination. OBJECTIVE: The co-administration of nobiletin and anemarsaponin BII was investigated to explore the interaction and the potential mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were only orally administrated with 50 mg/kg nobiletin as the control and another six rats were pre-treated with 100 mg/kg anemarsaponin BII for 7 d followed by the administration of nobiletin. The transport and metabolic stability of nobiletin were evaluated in vitro, and the effect of anemarsaponin BII on the activity of CYP3A4 was also assessed to explore the potential mechanism underlying the interaction. RESULTS: The increasing Cmax (2309.67 ± 68.06 µg/L vs. 1767.67 ± 68.86 µg/L), AUC (28.84 ± 1.34 mg/L × h vs. 19.57 ± 2.76 mg/L × h), prolonged t1/2 (9.80 ± 2.33 h vs. 6.24 ± 1.53 h), and decreased clearance rate (1.46 ± 0.26 vs. 2.42 ± 0.40) of nobilein was observed in rats. Anemarsaponin BII significantly enhanced the metabolic stability of nobiletin in rat liver microsomes (half-life increased from 31.56 min to 39.44 min) and suppressed the transport of nobiletin in Caco-2 cells (efflux rate decreased from 1.57 ± 0.04 to 1.30 ± 0.03). The inhibitory effect of anemarsaponin BII on CYP3A4 was also found with an IC50 value of 10.23 µM. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: The interaction between anemarsaponin BII and nobiletin was induced by the inhibition of CYP3A4, which should draw special attention in their clinical co-administration.

5.
Infect Drug Resist ; 14: 4689-4697, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785916

RESUMO

Background: The antimicrobial activities of some new oxazolidinones against slowly growing mycobacteria (SGM) have never been well evaluated. Methods: We evaluate the in vitro susceptibility of 20 reference strains and 157 clinical isolates, pertaining different SGM species, against four oxazolidinones, ie, delpazolid, sutezolid, tedizolid and linezolid. In addition, the association of linezolid resistance and mutations in 23srRNA, rplC, rplD were also tested. Results: Sutezolid presented the strongest antimicrobial activity against the clinical isolates of M. intracellulare than the other oxazolidinones, with MIC50 at 2 µg/mL and MIC90 at 4 µg/mL. MICs of sutezolid were usually 4- to 8-fold lower than these of linezolid against M. intracellulare and M. avium. The tested isolates of M. kansasii were susceptible to all of the four oxazolidinones. According to the multiple sequence alignment, novel 23srRNA mutations (A2267C and A2266G) in M. intracellulare and rplD mutations (Thr147Ala) in M. avium were identified in this study which have plausible involvement in rendering resistance against linezolid. Conclusion: This study showed that sutezolid harbors the strongest inhibitory activity against M. intracellulare, M. avium and M. kansasii in vitro, which provided important insights on the potential clinical application of oxazolidinones for treating SGM infections.

6.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(28): 8388-8403, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34754848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a global threat caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2. AIM: To develop and validate a risk stratification tool for the early prediction of intensive care unit (ICU) admission among COVID-19 patients at hospital admission. METHODS: The training cohort included COVID-19 patients admitted to the Wuhan Third Hospital. We selected 13 of 65 baseline laboratory results to assess ICU admission risk, which were used to develop a risk prediction model with the random forest (RF) algorithm. A nomogram for the logistic regression model was built based on six selected variables. The predicted models were carefully calibrated, and the predictive performance was evaluated and compared with two previously published models. RESULTS: There were 681 and 296 patients in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. The patients in the training cohort were older than those in the validation cohort (median age: 63.0 vs 49.0 years, P < 0.001), and the percentages of male gender were similar (49.6% vs 49.3%, P = 0.958). The top predictors selected in the RF model were neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, age, lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, creatinine, D-dimer, albumin, procalcitonin, glucose, platelet, total bilirubin, lactate and creatine kinase. The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity for the RF model were 91%, 88% and 93%, respectively, higher than those for the logistic regression model. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of our model was much better than those of two other published methods (0.90 vs 0.82 and 0.75). Model A underestimated risk of ICU admission in patients with a predicted risk less than 30%, whereas the RF risk score demonstrated excellent ability to categorize patients into different risk strata. Our predictive model provided a larger standardized net benefit across the major high-risk range compared with model A. CONCLUSION: Our model can identify ICU admission risk in COVID-19 patients at admission, who can then receive prompt care, thus improving medical resource allocation.

7.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780194

RESUMO

The Catellani reaction provides an efficient synthetic approach to polyfunctionalized arenes. However, the selective ortho-arylating reagents employed in these reactions have been strictly limited to activated bromoarenes. As demonstrated in this work, aryl diazonium salts bearing both electron-donating and electron-withdrawing substituents, after in situ transformations with KI into the corresponding iodoarenes, were efficient arylating reagents for Catellani type ortho-arylation approaches.

8.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(11): 1111-1118, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753542

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the prognostic value of measurable residual disease (MRD) for childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by analyzing MRD-guided risk stratification therapy. METHODS: A total of 93 children with AML were prospectively enrolled in this study. Chemotherapy with the 2015-AML-03 regimen was completed according to the risk stratification determined by genetic abnormality at initial diagnosis and MRD and bone marrow cytology after induction therapy I. Multiparameter flow cytometry was used to dynamically monitor MRD and analyze the prognostic effect of MRD on 3-year cumulative incidence of recurrence (CIR) rate, event-free survival (EFS) rate, and overall survival (OS) rate. RESULTS: The 93 children with AML had a 3-year CIR rate of 48%±6%, a median time to recurrence of 11 months (range 2-32 months), a 3-year OS rate of 65%±6%, and a 3-year EFS rate of 50%±5%. After induction therapy I and intensive therapy I, the MRD-positive children had a significantly higher 3-year CIR rate and significantly lower 3-year EFS and OS rates than the MRD-negative children (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in 3-year CIR, EFS, and OS rates between the MRD-positive children with a low risk at initial diagnosis and the MRD-negative children after adjustment of chemotherapy intensity (P>0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that positive MRD after intensive treatment I was a risk factor for 3-year OS rate in children with AML (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MRD has predictive value for the prognosis of children with AML. Based on the MRD-guided risk stratification therapy, reasonable application of chemotherapy may improve the overall prognosis of children with AML.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Criança , Progressão da Doença , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico
9.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(5): 1322, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630676

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC), which is a type of inflammatory bowel disease, is a chronic intestinal disorder of multifactorial etiology. Numerous studies have indicated an association between UC and intestinal bacteria. However, a limited number of studies regarding the expression of interleukin-17 (IL-17) and interleukin-23 (IL-23) in association with intestinal bacteria have been performed. The aim of the current study was to investigate the gut microbiota alterations in patients with UC, at a number of taxonomic levels, and their relationship with intestinal inflammation by analyzing the protein expression of IL-17 and IL-23. Specimens were collected from 10 healthy controls and 16 patients with UC. A histological examination was performed in colonic tissues, IL-17 and IL-23 protein expression was detected by immunohistochemistry, fecal samples were sequenced using 16S rDNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis was performed. The UC group exhibited an increased histological score (P<0.01) and upregulated IL-17 and IL-23 expression (P<0.01). At the order level, the bacterial diversity of the UC group was decreased. ß-diversity analyses, including principal component analysis, principal coordinate analysis and non-metric multidimensional scaling, demonstrated that the two groups of samples were separated into two taxonomic categories, as distinct variations were observed in the analysis of group differences (P=0.001). Regarding the differences in species composition between the groups, Enterococcus was indicated to be the species with the greatest difference in abundance compared with the healthy control group (P<0.01), followed by Lactobacillus (P<0.05), Escherichia-Shigella (P<0.05), Bifidobacterium and Bacteroides. In addition, the average optical density of IL-17 was positively correlated with the histological score (ρ=0.669; P=0.035), Enterococcus (r=0.843; P<0.001), Lactobacillus (r=0.737; P=0.001), Bifidobacterium (r=0.773; P<0.001) and Escherichia-Shigella (r=0.663; P=0.005), and the average optical density of IL-23 was positively correlated with the histological score (ρ=0.733; P=0.016), Enterococcus (r=0.771; P<0.001), Lactobacillus (r=0.566; P=0.022), Bifidobacterium (r=0.517; P=0.041) and Escherichia-Shigella (r=0.613; P=0.012). The results of the present study indicated that the intestinal microbiota of patients with UC differed from that of healthy controls at multiple taxonomic levels. The alterations of the intestinal microflora were closely associated with the degree of inflammation. The IL-23/IL-17 axis, as a key factor in the development of UC, maybe associated with the alterations of intestinal microflora. The interaction between intestinal microflora and the IL-23/IL-17 axis may serve an important role in the pathogenesis of UC.

10.
Hortic Res ; 8(1): 215, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593777

RESUMO

The genetic diversity of germplasm is critical for exploring genetic and phenotypic resources and has important implications for crop-breeding sustainability and improvement. However, little is known about the factors that shape and maintain genetic diversity. Here, we assembled a high-quality chromosome-level reference of the Chinese common apricot 'Yinxiangbai', and we resequenced 180 apricot accessions that cover four major ecogeographical groups in China and other accessions from occidental countries. We concluded that Chinese-cultivated common apricot germplasms possessed much higher genetic diversity than those cultivated in Western countries. We also detected seven migration events among different apricot groups, where 27% of the genome was identified as being introgressed. Remarkably, we demonstrated that these introgressed regions drove the current high level of germplasm diversity in Chinese-cultivated common apricots by introducing different genes related to distinct phenotypes from different cultivated groups. Our results highlight the consideration that introgressed regions may provide an important reservoir of genetic resources that can be used to sustain modern breeding programs.

11.
Anesth Analg ; 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The main symptoms of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) include pain and numbness. Neuronal G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) plays an important role in various pain models. Cisplatin treatment can induce the activation of proinflammatory microglia in spinal cord. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of spinal neuronal GRK2 in cisplatin-induced CIPN and in the prevention of CIPN by electroacupuncture (EA). METHODS: The pain and sensory deficit behaviors of mice were examined by von Frey test and adhesive removal test. The expression of neuronal GRK2 in the spinal cord is regulated by intraspinal injection of adeno-associated virus (AAV) containing neuron-specific promoters. The protein levels of GRK2, triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2), and DNAX-activating protein of 12 kDa (DAP12) in spinal dorsal horn were detected by Western blot, the density of intraepidermal nerve fibers (IENFs) was detected by immunofluorescence, and microglia activation were evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS: In this study, cisplatin treatment led to the decrease of GRK2 expression in the dorsal horn of spinal cord. Overexpression of neuronal GRK2 in spinal cord by intraspinal injection of an AAV vector expressing GRK2 with human synapsin (hSyn) promotor significantly inhibited the loss of IENFs and alleviated the mechanical pain and sensory deficits induced by cisplatin. Real-time PCR analysis showed that the overexpression of neuronal GRK2 significantly inhibited the messenger RNA (mRNA) upregulation of proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and M1 microglia marker cluster of differentiation (CD)16 induced by cisplatin. Furthermore, the TREM2 and DAP12, which has been demonstrated to play a role in microglia activation and in the development of CIPN, were also downregulated by overexpression of neuronal GRK2 in this study. Interestingly, preventive treatment with EA completely mimics the effect of overexpression of neuronal GRK2 in the spinal cord in this mouse model of cisplatin-induced CIPN. EA increased GRK2 level in spinal dorsal horn after cisplatin treatment. Intraspinal injection of AAV vector specifically downregulated neuronal GRK2, completely reversed the regulatory effect of EA on CIPN and microglia activation. All these indicated that the neuronal GRK2 mediated microglial activation contributed to the process of CIPN. CONCLUSIONS: Neuronal GRK2 in the spinal cord contributed to the preventive effect of EA on CIPN. The neuronal GRK2 may be a potential target for CIPN intervention.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(44): 13227-13234, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709809

RESUMO

Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH, EC 1.3.5.1) has proven to be an important fungicidal target, and the inhibition of SDH is useful in the treatment of plant pathogens. The discovery of a novel active SDH inhibitor is of high value. Herein, we disclose the discovery of a potent, highly active inhibitor as a fungicide candidate by using a computational substitution optimization method, a fast drug design method developed in our laboratory. The greenhouse experiments showed that compound 17c exhibited high protective activity against south corn rust, soybean rust (SBR), and rice sheath blight at a very low dosage of 0.781 mg/L. Moreover, the field trials indicated that compound 17c is comparable to and even better than commercial fungicides against SBR and cucumber powdery mildew at 50 mg/L concentration. Most surprisingly, compound 17c resulted to be strictly better in curative activity than the commercial fungicide benzovindiflupyr. The computation results indicated that 17c could form another hydrogen bond with C_S42 and then lead to strong van der Waals and electronic interactions with SDH. Our results suggested that 17c is a potential fungicide candidate for SDH.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota , Cucumis sativus , Fungicidas Industriais , Basidiomycota/metabolismo , Cucumis sativus/metabolismo , Desenho de Fármacos , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Doenças das Plantas , Succinato Desidrogenase/genética , Succinato Desidrogenase/metabolismo
13.
Cell Prolif ; : e13145, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668606

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Success in pregnancy in mammals predominantly depends on a well-developed placenta. The differentiation of invasive trophoblasts is a fundamental process of placentation, the abnormalities of which are tightly associated with pregnancy disorders including preeclampsia (PE). Monoclonal nonspecific suppressor factor beta (MNSFß) is an immunosuppressive factor. Its conventional knockout in mice induced embryonic lethality, whereas the underlying mechanism of MNSFß in regulating placentation and pregnancy maintenance remains to be elucidated. METHODS: Trophoblast-specific knockout of MNSFß was generated using Cyp19-Cre mice. In situ hybridization (ISH), haematoxylin and eosin (HE), immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence (IF) were performed to examine the distribution of MNSFß and insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein 2 (IGF2BP2) at the foeto-maternal interface. The interaction and expression of MNSFß, IGF2BP2 and invasion-related molecules were detected by immunoprecipitation (IP), immunoblotting and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The cell invasion ability was measured by the Transwell insert assay. RESULTS: We found that deficiency of MNSFß in trophoblasts led to embryonic growth retardation by mid-gestation and subsequent foetal loss, primarily shown as apparently limited trophoblast invasion. In vitro experiments in human trophoblasts demonstrated that the conjugation of MNSFß with IGF2BP2 and thus the stabilization of IGF2BP2 essentially mediated the invasion-promoting effect of MNSFß. In the placentas from MNSFß-deficient mice and severe preeclamptic (PE) patients, downregulation of MNSFß was evidently associated with the repressed IGF2BP2 expression. CONCLUSIONS: The findings reveal the crucial role of MNSFß in governing the trophoblast invasion and therefore foetal development, and add novel hints to reveal the placental pathology of PE.

14.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 51(5): 721-725, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34686516

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in evaluating the myocardial damage and prognosis in children with mycoplasmal pneumonia. MATERIALS: A total of 150 children with mycoplasmal pneumonia were selected. According to their serum creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) level, they were divided into 72 cases of the myocardial damage group and 78 cases of the non-myocardial damage group. Eighty healthy children undergoing physical examination were selected as the control group. The electrocardiography results and serum CK-MB and hs-CRP levels were compared among the subjects. The correlations among the above indexes were analyzed. RESULTS: The levels of hs-CRP and CK-MB in the myocardial damage group were significantly higher than those in the nonmyocardial damage group and control group, respectively (P<0.05). The rates of abnormal hs-CRP and abnormal electrocardiogram in the myocardial damage group were significantly higher than those in the non-myocardial damage group, respectively (P<0.05). In the 150 children with mycoplasmal pneumonia, the serum hs-CRP and CK-MB levels were positively correlated (P<0.001), and the abnormal hs-CRP rate was positively correlated with the abnormal electrocardiogram rate (P<0.001). In the myocardial damage group, the serum levels of hs-CRP and CK-MB after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment, respectively (P<0.05). After treatment, each index in the myocardial damage group had no significant difference with those in the control group (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: hs-CRP may be an important index for evaluating the myocardial damage and prognosis in children with mycoplasmal pneumonia. The combination of hs-CRP and CK-MB detection has obvious guiding significance for the monitoring and treatment of mycoplasmal pneumonia complicated by myocardial damage.

16.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 8650-8657, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606414

RESUMO

Glioblastoma is a malignant intracranial tumor with indispensable growth. Identification of biomarkers associated with the progression of tumors could benefit the clinical therapy of and improve patient's survival. miR-411 has been reported to play a role in other cancers, while its function in glioblastoma has been explored in the present study. The expression of miR-411 was evaluated in glioblastoma tissues (collected from 108 glioblastoma patients) and cells by polymerase chain reaction. The clinical significance of miR-411 was estimated with a series of statistical analyses. The biological function of miR-411 in the cellular processes of glioblastoma was assessed by cell counting kit 8 and Transwell assay. The expression of miR-411 was significantly reduced in glioblastoma, which was associated with the Karnofsky Performance Score (KPS) and Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) status of patients. miR-411 was identified as an independent prognostic indicator that correlated with the poor prognosis of patients. miR-411 suppressed the growth, migration, and invasion of glioblastoma cells via modulating signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). miR-411 participated in the development of glioblastoma and function as a prognostic biomarker. miR-411 functions as a tumor suppressor, which provides a novel potential therapeutic target for glioblastoma.

17.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(6): 1433, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707714

RESUMO

Evidence has demonstrated that the gut microbiota, which consists of probiotics and pathogenic microorganisms, is involved in the initiation of ulcerative colitis (UC) via the dysregulation of intestinal microflora and normal immune interactions, which ultimately leads to intestinal mucosal dysfunction. Irisin is released from muscle cells and displays anti-inflammatory effects; however, the mechanisms underlying irisin-mediated anti-inflammatory effects in UC have not been previously reported. In the present study, mice were divided into the following four groups: i) Control; ii) irisin; iii) dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) salt; and iv) DSS + irisin. Subsequently, the effects of irisin were investigated by observing alterations in intestinal microbes. Irisin significantly reduced the degree of inflammation in UC by reversing alterations to the macroscopic score, histological score, number of CD64+ cells and inflammatory cytokine alterations (P<0.05). Analysis of the microbial diversity in the stools of mice with active UC indicated that the five bacteria that displayed the greatest alterations in relative abundance were Alloprevotella, Bacteroides, Lachnospiraceae-UCG-001, Prebotellaceae-UCG-001 and Rikenellaceae-RCB-gut-group. Furthermore, Bactoroides were positively correlated with the histopathological score (P=0.001; R=0.977) and interleukin (IL)-23 levels (P=0.008; R=0.924). Alloprevotella (P=0.001; R=-0.943), Lachnospiraceae-UCG-001 (P=0.000; R=-0.973) and Rikenollaceae-RC8-gut-group (P=0.001; R=-0.971) were negatively correlated with the histopathological score. Furthermore, Lachnospiraceae-UCG-001 (P=0.01; R=-0.873) and Rikenollaceae-RC8-gut-group (P=0.049; R=-0.814) were negatively correlated with IL-23 levels. In summary, the results of the present study suggested that irisin improved inflammation in a UC mouse model potentially via altering the gut microbiota.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(40): e27320, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia (GTN) is a spectrum of pregnancy-associated tumours emerging from placental tissue. Generally, GTN patients are considered to have a high rate of recovery. However, almost 25 per cent of GTN tumours resist, or have a high probability of relapsing following the first line of chemo treatment. Thus, tumours that resist or relapse requires salvage chemotherapy, sometimes accompanied by surgery. Globally, clinicians utilize a range of salvage regimens. Currently, ongoing debates are centred around choosing the best regimens in terms of safety and efficacy. Therefore, the current research aims to appraise the success and level of safeness using chemotherapy to treat patients with resistant or recurrent GTN. METHODS: The authors will conduct a methodological exploration in online-based databases to find Randomized Controlled Trials related to the adoption of chemotherapy agents as treatment for resistant or recurrent GTN patients. The databases are as follows: EMBASE, PubMed, Cochrane Database Central, UpToDate, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Web of Science, and WanFang Database. The search will be limited to articles published in either English or Chinese. Moreover, the authors will also perform a search for ongoing trials on online-based clinical trial registries. Two independent authors will screen and select articles for review. A similar process will be followed by two independent authors to complete the extraction of data and evaluate the bias risk. In relevant cases, the authors will contract trial investigators to obtain related, unpublished data. The authors will use the random-effects model for pooling data in RevMan software (v5.3). RESULTS: The present systematic review aims to evaluate the efficacy and level of safeness associated with using chemotherapy for resistant or recurrent GTN patients. CONCLUSION: The results of the proposed systematic analysis could summarize the most recent evidence for the use of chemotherapy agents on GTN patients. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Since the proposed study uses pre-published data, an ethical approval is not required. REVIEW REGISTRATION NUMBER: Aug 25, 2021.osf.io/rgzbn. (https://osf.io/rgzbn/).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Doença Trofoblástica Gestacional/tratamento farmacológico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 749803, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691126

RESUMO

Background: Farmers harvest two batches fruits of Lemons (Citrus limon L. Burm. f.) i.e., spring flowering fruit and autumn flowering fruit in dry-hot valley in Yunnan, China. Regular lemons harvested in autumn have smooth skin. However, lemons harvested in spring have rough skin, which makes them less attractive to customers. Furthermore, the rough skin causes a reduction in commodity value and economical losses to farmers. This is a preliminary study that investigates the key transcriptomic and metabolomic differences in peels of lemon fruits (variety Yuning no. 1) harvested 30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 days after flowering from the same trees in different seasons. Results: We identified 5,792, 4,001, 3,148, and 5,287 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between smooth peel (C) and rough peel (D) 60, 90, 120, and 150 days after flowering, respectively. A total of 1,193 metabolites differentially accumulated (DAM) between D and C. The DEGs and DAMs were enriched in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and plant hormone signaling, terpenoid biosynthesis, flavonoid, and phenylalanine biosynthesis, and ribosome pathways. Predominantly, in the early stages, phytohormonal regulation and signaling were the main driving force for changes in peel surface. Changes in the expression of genes associated with asymmetric cell division were also an important observation. The biosynthesis of terpenoids was possibly reduced in rough peels, while the exclusive expression of cell wall synthesis-related genes could be a possible reason for the thick peel of the rough-skinned lemons. Additionally, cell division, cell number, hypocotyl growth, accumulation of fatty acids, lignans and coumarins- related gene expression, and metabolite accumulation changes were major observations. Conclusion: The rough peels fruit (autumn flowering fruit) and smooth peels fruit (spring flowering fruit) matured on the same trees are possibly due to the differential regulation of asymmetric cell division, cell number regulation, and randomization of hypocotyl growth related genes and the accumulation of terpenoids, flavonoids, fatty acids, lignans, and coumarins. The preliminary results of this study are important for increasing the understanding of peel roughness in lemon and other citrus species.

20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 225: 112771, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530258

RESUMO

Tri-ortho-cresyl phosphate (TOCP) has been used commercially as a plasticizer and a flame retardant, which has been reported to cause multiple toxicities in humans and other animals. However, the effect of TOCP on female reproductive system is still unclear. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the reproductive toxicity of TOCP in female avian and investigate its molecular mechanism. In the current study, 50 adult hens were given a single oral dose of TOCP (750 mg/kg). Egg laid by the hens were harvested and counted. Egg quality is assessed by determining the shell strength and thickness. Samples of ovary, shell gland, and serum were collected on day 0, 2, 7, and 21 after the administration. The morphological and pathological changes in tissues were examined. Cell death, follicular development, and steroidogenesis were determined to assess the toxicity of TOCP on laying hens. The results showed that egg production, egg weight, and eggshell strength significantly decreased after TOCP exposure. The calcium levels in serum and eggshell decreased and the expression levels of the eggshell formation-related genes calbindin-D28k (CaBP-D28k) and carbonic anhydrase 2 (CA2) were downregulated. The inhibitory effects of TOCP on follicular development and steroidogenesis were observed with changes in the levels of the related proteins such as forkhead box O1 (FoxO1) and mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 2/3 (Smad2/3). Cell death was identified, which might lead to follicular development disorder. Taken together, TOCP reduced the quantity and quality of the eggs laid by the hens through disrupting follicular development, steroidogenesis, and shell gland function.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Casca de Ovo , Animais , Ovos , Feminino , Humanos , Ovário , Fosfatos
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