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1.
J Card Surg ; 36(12): 4460-4464, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477246

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of music therapy on infants who underwent mechanical ventilation after cardiac surgery. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in a provincial hospital in southeast China. The subjects were randomly divided into the music therapy (MT) group and the control group. Both groups were given standardized sedation treatment and routine nursing. Infants in the MT group received 60 min of MT three times a day. The sedation medication, Richmond sedation agitation scale (RASS) score, incidence of delirium, mechanical ventilation duration, length of cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) stay, restraint belt use time, and successful ventilation withdrawal rate were collected. RESULTS: Infants in the control group had a higher total amount of on-demand midazolam (p = .039). Infants in the MT group had a significantly lower incidence of delirium, shorter mechanical ventilation duration, and restraint band use time (p = .047, p = .046, and p = .038, respectively). Although infants in the MT group had a higher success rate of ventilation withdrawal, lower RASS scores, and shorter ICU stay, the difference was not statistically significant (p = .427, p = .585, and p = .068, respectively). CONCLUSION: MT in the ICU can reduce the use of on-demand sedative drugs, shorten mechanical ventilation, and reduce the occurrence of delirium in infants who underwent mechanical ventilation after cardiac surgery. MT is a safe and reliable treatment and worthy of clinical application.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Musicoterapia , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos , Lactente , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Prospectivos , Respiração Artificial
2.
J Card Surg ; 36(11): 4134-4138, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423474

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study is to explore the effect of different feeding intervals on the feeding outcomes of infants who underwent ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure. METHODS: This study is a prospective, randomized controlled trial conducted by a provincial hospital in China. According to different feeding intervals, 78 eligible participants were randomly divided into Group A (2-h interval, n = 39) and Group B (3-h interval, n = 39). The basic clinical data, total feeding time, incidence of feeding intolerance, and nurse job satisfaction scores of the two groups were collected. RESULTS: The total feeding time in Group A was significantly longer than that in Group B (142.5 ± 15.4 vs. 132.0 ± 16.1 min/d, p = .020). The nurse job satisfaction scores in Group A were significantly lower than those in Group B (101.7 ± 9.8 vs. 108.8 ± 10.1, p = .005). There were no significant differences in the duration of mechanical ventilation (3.7 ± 1.1 vs. 3.9 ± 1.0 d, p = .272), length of ICU stay (4.5 ± 1.1 d vs. 4.7 ± 0.9 d, p = .451), or length of hospital stay (13.2 ± 1.4 vs. 13.3 ± 1.0 d, p = .642) between the two groups. Although the incidence of feeding intolerance in Group A was slightly lower than that in Group B, the difference was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Feeding at an interval of 2 or 3 h has no significant effect on the feeding outcomes of infants, and feeding at intervals of 3 h can reduce nurses' workload and improve nursing job satisfaction.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interventricular , Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Prospectivos , Respiração Artificial , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085341

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the impact of WeChat follow-up education on infants' breastfeeding efficiency after congenital cardiac surgery and parents' satisfaction. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in a provincial hospital in China. Sixty participants were divided into two groups: 30 participants in the study group received WeChat follow-up health education, and 30 participants in the control group received postoperative routine nursing education for infants after congenital cardiac surgery. The infants' breastfeeding efficiency, parents' satisfaction and relevant clinical data were recorded and analysed. RESULTS: After the WeChat follow-up intervention, the breastfeeding efficacy score, the parents' satisfaction score and the exclusive breastfeeding rate in the study group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of feeding intolerance, abdominal distension, dyspeptic diarrhoea, weight gain or recurrent vomiting between the two groups during the 3-month follow-up period. CONCLUSION: WeChat education can improve infants' breastfeeding efficiency after congenital cardiac surgery and can improve parents' satisfaction and exclusive breastfeeding rate during the short-term follow-up period.

4.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 661927, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33987154

RESUMO

Objective: This article studied the effect of breast milk supplemented with human milk fortifier (HMF) on the early recovery of infants after congenital cardiac surgery. Methods: Infants undergoing congenital cardiac surgery were randomly divided into an intervention group (n = 27) and a control group (n = 27). Infants in the intervention group received HMF, and those in the control group were exclusively breastfed. The nutritional indicators at discharge, the postoperative recovery status, and nutritional-related complications were recorded. Results: Compared with the control group at the time of discharge, the weight and albumin and prealbumin levels of the intervention group were significantly increased (P < 0.05). The length of hospital stay of the intervention group was significantly reduced compared with that of the control group (P < 0.05). Although the length of ICU stay for the intervention group was shorter than that of the control group, the difference was not significant (P > 0.05). No significant difference in the incidence of postoperative nutrition-related complications was noted between the two groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Compared with breastfeeding alone, with HMF can improve postoperative weight gains, reduce the length of stay, and promote infants' early recovery after congenital cardiac surgery.

5.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 118, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933112

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of an early childhood education machine on sedation and analgesia in children after cardiothoracic surgery. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in a provincial hospital in China. Fifty-two patients (aged from 1 to 5 years) underwent cardiothoracic surgery (including: ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, atrial septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, pulmonary sequestration and congenital cystic adenomatoid lung malformation) were divided into the study group (n = 26) and the control group (n = 26). The patients in the study group underwent intervention with an early childhood education machine (uniform type) in addition to routine standard treatment and nursing, while the patients in the control group only received routine standard treatment and nursing. Richmond agitation sedation score (RASS) and face, legs, activity, cry, consolability (FLACC) score of all of the patients were evaluated, and the negative emotions (self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) score and self-rating depression scale (SDS) score) of the parents of the two groups were compared. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the general clinical data between the two groups. The RASS and FLACC scores in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group, and the SAS and SDS scores of the parents in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group. CONCLUSION: The application of an early childhood education machine for children after cardiothoracic surgery can effectively reduce postoperative agitation, improve sedation and analgesia of the patients, and ease the pessimistic mood of the patients' parents.


Assuntos
Analgesia/métodos , Sequestro Broncopulmonar/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Malformação Adenomatoide Cística Congênita do Pulmão/cirurgia , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/cirurgia , Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Anestesia , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Dor , Manejo da Dor , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
6.
Heart Surg Forum ; 24(2): E299-E304, 2021 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798056

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of music video therapy on pain among preschool children after cardiothoracic surgery. METHODS: Patients in the music video therapy (MVT) group received a 30-min music video intervention, while patients in the music therapy (MT) group received a 30-min musical intervention. Both groups were given their respective therapy three times a day for three days. Patients in the control group did not receive MVT or MV. Measures, including pain scores, vital signs (heart rate, mean arterial pressure, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturation), and other postoperative indicators were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: The MVT group showed a statistically significant decrease in heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and respiratory rate at the first day after surgery and pain scores at the first and second day after surgery compared to the MT group, but no significant difference was identified in oxygen saturation. The postoperative indicators including cumulative capacity of sufentanil use, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and the length of hospital stay in the MVT group were significantly lower than those in the control group. CONCLUSION: The findings provide further evidence to support the practice of music video therapy as a non-pharmaceutical intervention to reduce postoperative pain, reduce  the dosage of analgesics, shorten the length of ICU and hospital stay in preschool children after the cardiothoracic surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Musicoterapia/métodos , Medição da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/reabilitação , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório
7.
Cardiol Young ; : 1-4, 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33883048

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study explored the clinical effect of employing breast milk oral care for infants who underwent surgical correction of ventricular septal defect. METHODS: A prospective randomised controlled study was conducted in a provincial hospital between January, 2020 and July, 2020 in China. Patients were randomly divided into an intervention group (breast milk oral care, n = 28) and a control group (physiological saline oral care, n = 28). The intervention group was given oral nursing using breast milk for infants in the early post-operative period, and the control group was given oral nursing using physiological saline. Related clinical data were recorded and analysed. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in age, gender, weight, operation time, cardiopulmonary bypass time, or aortic cross-clamping time between the two groups. Compared with the physiological saline oral care group, the mechanical ventilation duration, the length of ICU stay in the breast milk oral care group were significantly shorter. The time of start feeding and total enteral nutrition were significantly earlier in the intervention group than those in the control group. The incidence of post-operative pneumonia in the breast milk oral care group was 3.6%, which was significantly lower than that of the physiological saline oral care group. CONCLUSION: The use of breast milk for oral care in infants who underwent surgical correction of VSD can reduce the incidence of post-operative pneumonia and promote the recovery of gastrointestinal function.

8.
J Card Surg ; 36(7): 2308-2313, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811684

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To observe the effect of music video (MV) therapy on early postoperative pain in preschool children after cardiothoracic surgery. METHODS: 116 preschool children undergoing cardiothoracic surgery were randomly divided into the MV and control groups from June 2019 to March 2020. The related vital signs parameters, the Wong-Baker FACES pain rating scale, the FLACC scale, the number of postoperative PCA press and the cumulants of sufentanil use were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in general characteristics and preintervention data between the two groups. However, there were significantly lower in the heart rate, mean arterial pressure, respiratory rate, the number of postoperative PCA press, and the dosage of sufentanil in the MV group than those in the control group after the intervention. The Wong-Baker FACES and FLACC scales in the MV group were significantly lower than those in the control group at the time point of immediately after the first intervention, 1 day, and 2 days after the intervention. The two pain scores showed a downward trend over time, and the corresponding scores in the MV group were better than those in the control group. CONCLUSION: MV therapy can be an effective nonpharmaceutical intervention in the clinical to relieve children's postoperative pain after cardiothoracic surgery.


Assuntos
Analgesia , Musicoterapia , Música , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle
9.
J Perianesth Nurs ; 36(3): 243-246, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33653616

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of music therapy (MT) on preoperative anxiety and degree of cooperation with anesthesia induction in children with simple congenital heart disease (CHD). DESIGN: A randomized controlled clinical study. METHODS: Ninety children were randomly assigned to the MT and control groups. The MT groups underwent a preoperative 30-minute session of MT, whereas the control group did not listen to any music and had the same amount of quiet time. The modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale-Short Form (mYPAS-SF) was used to evaluate the patients' preoperative anxiety on entering the anesthesia waiting area (T1), 10 minutes after entering the waiting area (T2), and during the initiation of anesthesia induction (T3); the degree of cooperation with anesthesia induction was assessed using the Induction Compliance Checklist. The mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) at T1, T2, T3, and T4 (the time of successful anesthesia) were also recorded. FINDINGS: One child was excluded from the MT group, and one was excluded from the control group. No difference was found in the mYPAS-SF score, MAP, or HR between the two groups at T1. The mYPAS-SF scores of the MT group were significantly lower than those of the control group at T2 and T3. At T2, T3, and T4, the MAP and HR of the MT group were lower than those of the control group. A statistically significant difference was found in the Induction Compliance Checklist score between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: MT can reduce preoperative anxiety and improve the degree of cooperation with anesthesia induction.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas , Musicoterapia , Anestesia Geral , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Criança , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios
10.
Transl Pediatr ; 10(2): 359-365, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33708522

RESUMO

Background: To explore the effects of different oral care strategies on postoperative pneumonia in infants with mechanical ventilation after cardiac surgery. Methods: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted at a hospital in Fujian Province, China. Participants were randomly divided into the breast milk oral care group, physiological saline oral care group, and sodium bicarbonate oral care group to explore the effects of different oral care strategies on postoperative pneumonia in infants on mechanical ventilation cardiac surgery. Results: The mechanical ventilation duration, the hospitalization costs, and the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay and postoperative hospital stay in the breast milk oral care group were significantly shorter than those in the physiological saline oral care group and the sodium bicarbonate oral care group. The incidence of postoperative pneumonia in the breast milk oral care group was 3.2%, which was significantly lower than that in the physiological saline oral care group (22.6%) and the sodium bicarbonate oral care group (19.4%). Conclusions: Using breast milk for oral care in infants after cardiac surgery has a lower incidence of postoperative pneumonia than traditional oral care strategies of physiological saline and sodium bicarbonate, and it is worthy of clinical application.

11.
Breastfeed Med ; 16(7): 568-572, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156688

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to explore the effect of breast milk and sodium bicarbonate solution used in oral care of infants with tracheal intubation after cardiothoracic surgery. Methods: A randomized clinical controlled trial was conducted in a provincial hospital in China. Fifty infantile patients were randomly divided into two groups: the patients in the study group (n = 25) used breast milk for oral care and the patients in the control group (n = 25) used sodium bicarbonate solution for oral care. The relevant clinical data were recorded, including the mechanical ventilation duration, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, length of hospital stay, and complications. Results: The length of ICU stay, length of hospital stay, and duration of mechanical ventilation were shorter in the study group, but the difference was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). However, the incidence of thrush and ventilator-associated pulmonary infection in the study group was significantly lower than that in the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The use of breast milk for oral care has a positive effect on the prevention of thrush and ventilator-associated pulmonary infection in infants with tracheal intubation after cardiothoracic surgery.


Assuntos
Leite Humano , Bicarbonato de Sódio , Aleitamento Materno , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação , Respiração Artificial
12.
Heart Surg Forum ; 23(6): E845-E849, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33234196

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of breast milk feeding and formula milk feeding on infants after cardiac surgery in the cardiac intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Infants who underwent cardiac surgery in our ICU were divided into two groups, according to feeding type. Breast milk feeding and formula milk feeding were separately implemented in the two groups, and the remaining treatment regimens were the same. The related clinical data and feeding effects were recorded and compared. RESULTS: The prealbumin (147.3 ± 15.2 versus 121.5 ± 18.3mg/L) and albumin (46.4 ± 4.2 versus 40.5 ± 5.1 g/L) levels in the breast milk feeding group were better than those in the formula milk feeding group (P < .05). Infants in the breast milk feeding group achieved a better total enteral nutrition time (3.0 ± 1.2 versus 5.2 ± 2.1 d), average daily weight gain (19.0 ± 3.4 versus 14.4 ± 2.3 g/kg·d), length of ICU stay (6.0 ± 2.2 versus 8.1 ± 2.9 d) and length of hospital stay (13.9 ± 4.2 versus 17.8 ± 5.6 d) than those in the formula milk feeding group (P < .05). The incidence of complications such as feeding intolerance, anemia, dyspeptic diarrhea, and nosocomial infection was lower in the breast milk feeding group than in the formula milk feeding group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Breast milk feeding has a definite nutritional effect on infants after cardiac surgery. It is better than formula milk feeding, making it worthy of popularization and application.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Nutrição Enteral/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Leite Humano , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Ganho de Peso/fisiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/reabilitação , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 309, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036645

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of early oral stimulation with breast milk on the feeding behavior of infants after congenital cardiac surgery. METHODS: Infants with congenital heart disease were randomly divided into the breast milk oral stimulation group (n = 23), physiological saline oral stimulation group (n = 23) and control group (n = 23). Debra Beckman's oral exercise program was used with breast milk and physiological saline in the breast milk oral stimulation group and the physiological saline oral stimulation group, respectively. The time oral feeding and total oral nutrition were started, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay and hospital stay, weight and the complications at discharge were recorded for each group and statistically analyzed. RESULTS: The time oral feeding and total oral nutrition were started and the length of ICU stay and hospital stay were significantly less in the breast milk oral stimulation group and physiological saline oral stimulation group than in the control group (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in other indicators between the breast milk oral stimulation group and the physiological saline oral stimulation group, except for the time total oral nutrition began (P < 0.05). However, there were no significant differences in weight or complications at discharge among the three groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Early oral stimulation exercises with breast milk can help infant patients quickly recover total oral nutrition and reduce the length of ICU and hospital stay after cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Comportamento Alimentar , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Leite Humano/química , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Alta do Paciente , Estimulação Física , Período Pós-Operatório
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