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1.
Pediatr Res ; 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32380506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) is the most common congenital cause of intestinal obstruction in children. Sotos syndrome (SoS) is an overgrowth disorder with constipation and sometimes accompanied by HSCR. NSD1 gene mutation is the main cause of SoS. We aimed to investigate association of NSD1 common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with HSCR susceptibility in Chinese Han population. METHOD: We genotyped 15 SNPs encompassing NSD1 gene region in 420 HSCR patients and 1665 controls on Fludigm EP1 platform. Association analysis was performed between cases and controls. RESULT: Rs244709 was the most associated SNP with HSCR susceptibility of the sample set (PAllelic = 9.69 × 10-5, OR = 1.37, 95% CI: 1.17-1.61). Gender stratification analysis revealed that NSD1 SNPs were associated with HSCR in males, but not in females. The nonsynonymous coding SNP rs28932178 in NSD1 exon 5 represented the most significant signal in males (PAllelic = 6.43 × 10-5, OR = 1.42, 95% CI: 1.20-1.69). The associated SNPs were expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) of nearby genes in multiple tissues. NSD1 expression levels were higher in aganglionic colon tissues than ganglionic tissues (P = 3.00 × 10-6). CONCLUSION: NSD1 variation conferred risk to HSCR in males, indicating SoS and HSCR may share common genetic factors. IMPACT: This is the first study to reveal that NSD1 variation conferred risk to Hirschsprung's disease susceptibility in males of Chinese Han population, indicating Sotos syndrome and Hirschsprung's disease may share some common genetic background.This study indicates more attention should be paid to the symptom of constipation in patients with Sotos syndrome.Our results raise questions about the role of NSD1 in the development of enteric nervous system and the pathogenesis of Hirschsprung's disease.

2.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(8): 7163-7182, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32315284

RESUMO

Biliary atresia (BA) is an idiopathic neonatal cholestatic disease. Recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) revealed that common variation of ADD3, GPC1, ARF6, and EFEMP1 gene was associated with BA susceptibility. We aimed to evaluate the association of these genes with BA in Chinese population. Twenty single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in these four genes were genotyped in 340 BA patients and 1,665 controls. Three SNPs in ADD3 were significantly associated with BA, and rs17095355 was the top SNP (PAllele = 3.23×10-6). Meta-analysis of published data and current data indicated that rs17095355 was associated with BA susceptibility in Asians and Caucasians. Three associated SNPs were expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) for ADD3. Two GPC1 SNPs in high linkage disequilibrium (LD) showed nominal association with BA susceptibility (PAllele = 0.03 for rs6707262 and PAllele = 0.04 for rs6750380), and were eQTL of GPC1. Haplotype harboring these two SNPs almost reached the study-wide significance (P = 0.0035). No association for ARF6 and EFEMP1 was found with BA risk in the current population. Our study validated associations of ADD3 and GPC1 SNPs with BA risk in Chinese population and provided evidence of epistatic contributions of genetic factors to BA susceptibility.

3.
Exp Ther Med ; 14(1): 447-452, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28672952

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of emodin, a natural compound with antioxidant properties, on oxidative stress and apoptosis induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) in HK-2 human renal tubular cells. In HK-2 cells subjected to H/R, it was observed that pre-treatment with emodin lead to an increase in cellular viability and a reduction in the rate of apoptosis and the B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)-associated X protein/Bcl-2 ratio. H/R alone caused a significant increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde (P<0.05) and a significant decrease in the activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase (P<0.05), relative to normoxic cells. In turn, parameters of oxidative stress were improved by emodin pre-treatment. In addition, emodin pre-treatment significantly inhibited the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase and c-Jun N-terminal kinase mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) induced by H/R (P<0.05). These data suggest that emodin may prevent H/R-induced apoptosis in human renal tubular cells through the regulation of cellular oxidative stress, MAPK activation and restoration of the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio.

4.
Sci Rep ; 6: 31134, 2016 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27498784

RESUMO

Brassinosteroids (BRs) play key roles in plant growth and development, and regulate various agricultural traits. Enhanced BR signaling leads to increased seed number and yield in Arabidopsis bzr1-1D (AtBZR1(P234L), gain-of-function mutant of the important transcription factor in BR signaling/effects). BR signal transduction pathway is well elucidated in Arabidopsis but less known in other species. Soybean is an important dicot crop producing edible oil and protein. Phylogenetic analysis reveals AtBZR1-like genes are highly conserved in angiosperm and there are 4 orthologues in soybean (GmBZL1-4). We here report the functional characterization of GmBZL2 (relatively highly expresses in flowers). The P234 site in AtBZR1 is conserved in GmBZL2 (P216) and mutation of GmBZL2(P216L) leads to GmBZL2 accumulation. GmBZL2(P216L) (GmBZL2*) in Arabidopsis results in enhanced BR signaling; including increased seed number per silique. GmBZL2* partially rescued the defects of bri1-5, further demonstrating the conserved function of GmBZL2 with AtBZR1. BR treatment promotes the accumulation, nuclear localization and dephosphorylation/phosphorylation ratio of GmBZL2, revealing that GmBZL2 activity is regulated conservatively by BR signaling. Our studies not only indicate the conserved regulatory mechanism of GmBZL2 and BR signaling pathway in soybean, but also suggest the potential application of GmBZL2 in soybean seed yield.


Assuntos
Brassinosteroides/metabolismo , Magnoliopsida/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Soja/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Magnoliopsida/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Soja/genética
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