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1.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 6687626, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35340212

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Elevated serum uric acid (SUA) is associated with an increased risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, whether this association is causal is undetermined. Methods: Each participant from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort study based on 27,009 retirees was interviewed face-to-face following a clinical examination. Covariance, logistic regression analysis, and instrumental variables were used to assess associations between SUA and (severity of) NAFLD and the causal link. Results: Among 8,429 subjects free of NAFLD at baseline, 2,007 participants developed NAFLD after 5 years of follow-up. The multivariable-adjusted odds ratio (OR) for NAFLD for individuals in the fourth quartile of SUA level versus those in the first was 1.71 (95% CI: 1.45-2.01, P for trend <0.001) and was more dramatic in women or normal-weight persons. Furthermore, SUA was materially associated with greater mean markers of hepatic necroinflammation and greater probabilities of fibrosis. In genetic analyses, both single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs11722228 to SLC2A9 and rs2231142 to ABCG2) were pronouncedly associated with increased SUA concentrations, ranging from 0.19 to 0.22 mg/dl. No significant associations were observed between SNPs and potential confounders. No association was observed between the SUA-increasing allele and NAFLD, with an OR of 0.98 (95% CI: 0.90-1.08) per genetic score. This was not significantly different (P = 0.25) from what was expected (1.03, 95% CI: 1.03-1.03). Conclusions: SUA was positively associated with NAFLD incidence especially in female and normal-weight individuals and the suspected progression risk of newly developed NAFLD. However, the Mendelian randomization analyses lend no causal evidence, suggesting high SUA as a marker and not a cause of NAFLD.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Ácido Úrico , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Proteínas Facilitadoras de Transporte de Glucose , Humanos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco
2.
Ecotoxicology ; 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121537

RESUMO

Chromium (Cr) stress can cause oxidative burst to plants. Application of exogenous proline (Pro) is one of the most effective approaches to improve the tolerance of plants to Cr stress. In this study, we integrated the data of gene chip with co-expression network analysis to identify the key pathways involved in the DNA repair processes in rice seedlings under Cr(VI) stress. Based on KEGG pathway analysis, 158 genes identified are activated in five different types of DNA repair pathways, namely base excision repair (BER, 20 genes), mismatch repair (MMR, 30 genes), nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ, 8 genes), nucleotide excision repair (NER, 56 genes) and homologous recombination (HR, 44 genes). Co-expression network analysis showed that genes activated in DNA repair pathways were categorized into six different modules, wherein Module 1 (45.36%), Module 2 (27.84%) and Module 3 (19.59%) carried more weight than others. Integrating the data of gene chip and co-expression network analysis indicated that coordinated actions of HR and NER pathways are mainly associated with DNA repair processes in Cr(VI)-treated rice seedlings supplied with exogenous Pro. OsCSB, OsXPG, OsBRIP1, OsRAD51C, OsRAD51A2, OsRPA, OsTOPBP1C, OsTOP3, and OsXRCC3 activated in the HR pathway had a stronger impact on repairing DNA damage induced by Cr(VI) stress in rice seedlings supplied with exogenous Pro, while OsXPB1, OsTTDA2, OsTFIIH1, OsXPC, OsRAD23, OsDSS1, and OsRPA located at the NER pathway showed more contribution to repairing DNA damage than others.

3.
Nature ; 609(7927): 490-495, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104552

RESUMO

A hallmark of strongly correlated quantum materials is the rich phase diagram resulting from competing and intertwined phases with nearly degenerate ground-state energies1,2. A well-known example is the copper oxides, in which a charge density wave (CDW) is ordered well above and strongly coupled to the magnetic order to form spin-charge-separated stripes that compete with superconductivity1,2. Recently, such rich phase diagrams have also been shown in correlated topological materials. In 2D kagome lattice metals consisting of corner-sharing triangles, the geometry of the lattice can produce flat bands with localized electrons3,4, non-trivial topology5-7, chiral magnetic order8,9, superconductivity and CDW order10-15. Although CDW has been found in weakly electron-correlated non-magnetic AV3Sb5 (A = K, Rb, Cs)10-15, it has not yet been observed in correlated magnetic-ordered kagome lattice metals4,16-21. Here we report the discovery of CDW in the antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordered phase of kagome lattice FeGe (refs. 16-19). The CDW in FeGe occurs at wavevectors identical to that of AV3Sb5 (refs. 10-15), enhances the AFM ordered moment and induces an emergent anomalous Hall effect22,23. Our findings suggest that CDW in FeGe arises from the combination of electron-correlations-driven AFM order and van Hove singularities (vHSs)-driven instability possibly associated with a chiral flux phase24-28, in stark contrast to strongly correlated copper oxides1,2 and nickelates29-31, in which the CDW precedes or accompanies the magnetic order.

4.
Front Genet ; 13: 946845, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105111

RESUMO

N7-Methylguanosine (m7G) is an RNA modification serving as a key part of colon cancer development. Thus, a comprehensive analysis was executed to explore prognostic roles and associations with the immune status of the m7G-related lncRNA (m7G-RNAs) in colon adenocarcinoma (COAD). Identification of m7G-RNAs was achieved via Pearson's correlation analysis of lncRNAs in the TCGA-COAD dataset and m7G regulators. A prognostic signature was developed via LASSO analyses. ESTIMATE, CIBERSORT, and ssGSEA algorithms were utilized to assess immune infiltration between different risk groups. Survival analysis suggested the high-risk group possesses poor outcomes compared with the low-risk group. According to the ROC curves, the m7G-RNAs signature exhibited a reliable capability of prediction (AUCs at 1, 3, and 5 years were 0.770, 0.766, and 0.849, respectively). Multivariate hazard analysis proved that the signature was an independent predictive indicator for OS. Moreover, the risk score was related to infiltration levels of naïve B cells, CD4+ memory T cells, and resting NK cells. The result revealed the prognostic value of m7G modification in COAD and provided a novel perspective on personalized immunotherapy strategies.

5.
Heliyon ; 8(9): e10444, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105456

RESUMO

As a major component of diarrheic shellfish poisoning (DSP) toxins, okadaic acid (OA) is widely distributed worldwide, and causes a series of serious public health problems. In colon tissue, previous studies have shown that high doses of OA can affect various intracellular processes, including destroy intercellular communication at gap junctions, induce cell apoptosis and trigger cell cycle arrest. However, there is a scarcity of studies on the effect and mechanism of action of low doses of OA in colonic tissues. In this study, we observed that exposure to low levels of OA altered cell cycle progression in vitro and in vivo. Investigation of the underlying mechanism revealed that OA induced alterations in the cell cycle by inhibiting the p53 signaling pathway or inducing the Jak/Stat3 signaling pathway. In conclusion, this study provides novel insights into the effect and mechanism underlying long-term exposure to low levels of OA.

6.
Front Immunol ; 13: 966591, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059556

RESUMO

Leukocyte chemotactic factor 2-associated (ALECT2) amyloidosis is one of the recently reported types of amyloidosis, which is caused by the extracellular deposition of leukocyte chemotactic factor 2 (LECT2). There have not been any reports involving the concurrence of ALECT2 amyloidosis with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)s. Herein, we report a case of a 68-year-old Chinese woman presenting with long duration of sicca symptoms. The clinical evaluation and laboratory findings showed that she had SS overlapped with SLE. Kidney biopsy revealed a membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) with glomerular deposition of dominant IgG3-kappa by immunofluorescene, which was related to SS/SLE. Furthermore, patchy congophilic amyloid deposits in the tubulointerstitium were detected, which were positive for LECT2 protein by immunohistochemical staining and immunoelectron microscopy. This is the first case of ALECT2 amyloidosis that coexisted with SS/SLE, and the causal relationship between ALECT2 amyloidosis and autoimmune diseases remain unclear.


Assuntos
Amiloidose , Doenças Autoimunes , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Idoso , Amiloidose/diagnóstico , Amiloidose/etiologia , Amiloidose/metabolismo , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Fatores Quimiotáticos , Feminino , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Leucócitos/metabolismo
7.
Eur J Med Res ; 27(1): 175, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current prostate cancer (PCa) screening may detect nonprogressive lesion, leading to overdiagnosis and overtreatment. The purpose of the present study is to investigate whether the tumor pathological origin of latent prostate cancer (lPCa) and clinical prostate cancer (cPCa) are consistent, and to verify the current clinically significant prostate cancer criteria. METHODS: Prostate specimens were obtained from postmortem autopsy between 2014 and 2021 and patients who went through radical prostatectomy from 2013 to 2021. The pathological characteristics and spatial distribution of the lPCa group and cPCa group were compared and analyzed through SPSS software with P < 0.05 representing statistical significant. RESULTS: In lPCa group, a total of 45 tumor lesions from 24 lPCa cases were included, 54.2% of lPCa patients were ISUP ≥ 2, 12.5% had tumor volume ≥ 0.5 ml, and 16.7% had extraprostatic extension (EPE). In cPCa group, there were a total of 429 tumor lesions in 126 cases, 92.1% of cPCa patients were ISUP ≥ 2, and 82.5% had tumor volume of ≥ 0.5 ml. 36.3% had EPE. LPCa and cPCa have the same spatial distribution characteristics, and no significant difference was detected between the anterior and posterior zone. Peripheral zone tumors were significantly more common than transitional zone tumors. Tumors in apical 1/3 and middle 1/3 were significantly more common than basal 1/3. CONCLUSION: The malignancy of cPCa is significantly higher than that of lPCa, and the spatial distribution of cPCa and lPCa is consistent. ISUP grade 2 is not sufficient to determine clinical significance of tumor.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Autopsia , Biópsia , Humanos , Masculino , Próstata/patologia , Próstata/cirurgia , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(36): e30417, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36086762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of threatened abortion (TA) is increasing due to poor diet and living habits, which brings great pressure to pregnant women and their families. Huangqin-Baizhu herb pair recorded in ancient books of traditional Chinese medicine has been widely used in the treatment of TA with remarkable effect. In this study, we will use the network pharmacology method to predict the target and mechanism of Huangqin-Baizhu herb pair. METHODS: Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform database was used to screen the active components of Huangqin-Baizhu herb pair. Pubchem and Swiss Target Prediction databases were used to predict the action targets. Genecards, OMIM, and Drugbank databases were used to predict the related targets of TA. The intersection of drug target and disease target was selected and the intersection genes were uploaded to STRING database to construct protein-protein interaction network and conduct module analysis. Metascape database was used for Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis, which was imported into Cytoscape software to construct component-pathway-gene network and finally verified by molecular docking. Ethical approval and informed consent of patients are not required because the data used in this study is publicly available and does not involve individual patient data or privacy. RESULTS: The main active components of the herb pair are baicalein, flavanone, and norwogonin, etc. The main targets are AKT1, VEGFA, STAT3, MAPK1, SRC, etc. Cluster module analysis shows that the targets are related to cell metabolism, immune regulation and hormone level regulation. There were 2073, 3169, and 161 KEGG pathways involved in the biological processes, cell components, and molecular functions of Gene Ontology analysis, respectively. The main KEGG pathways involved in the intervention were HIF1 signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, and Rap1 signaling pathway. Molecular docking showed that the main active components of the herb pair were well combined with the key targets. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, 42 active components, 152 potential targets and 11 key targets of Huangqin-Baizhu herb pair for the treatment of TA were revealed, participating in multiple signaling pathways such as PI3K-Akt, providing a theoretical basis for further experimental research.


Assuntos
Ameaça de Aborto , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ameaça de Aborto/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Gravidez , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Scutellaria baicalensis
9.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 93(8): 083002, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050117

RESUMO

Single frequency fiber lasers (SFFLs) have seen increasing applications in state-of-the-art quantum technologies, which usually require precise and stable offset frequency locking (OFL). However, limited by the piezoelectric transducer bandwidth in SFFLs and the loop bandwidth of the OFL, the large-gap jumping between two locked offset frequencies will take an undesirable amount of time. In order to diminish that consuming time, we developed an agile offset frequency locking system based on a hybrid loop of a feed-forward path and a feedback path. In accordance with the experimental demonstration, we characterized the performances of the offset frequency locking system, as frequency-locking stability with an Allan deviation of 3.2 × 10-14 at 1 s averaging time and jumping agility with a duration of 0.6 ms at 1.3 GHz frequency gap, which is a factor of 60 faster than that without the feed-forward path. This mechanism can find direct applications in existing quantum metrology experiments with SFFLs where high-speed frequency jumping or sweeping is needed.

10.
Insect Sci ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069276

RESUMO

Insecticides are anthropogenic environmental stressors and also a common stressor for mosquito vectors. However, the use of insecticides is often guided by short-term efficacy, and the sublethal effect on their target or non-target species has long been ignored. Here, we analyzed how sublethal exposure of the promising vector-control bioinsecticide spinetoram to Ae. aegypti larvae alter adult performance and susceptibility to dengue virus (DENV) infection. We found that the surviving adult mosquitoes were significantly smaller and exhibited weaker blood-feeding capacity than control females, apart from the extended immature development period. In terms of reproductive potential, although the F0 generation produced a similar number of eggs and offspring during the first gonotrophic cycle, the survival rates of the F1 generations were significantly lower as compared to the control group, suggesting the transgenerational sublethal effects on the F1 generation. Notably, the surviving adult females had higher DENV-2 viral loads than the control group after spinetoram sublethal exposure. Mechanistically, transcriptomic analysis showed that inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) may function in stimulating DENV production in adult Ae. aegypti. In Aag2 cells, the significant accumulation of apoptosis, mitochondrial ROS production and DENV-2 replication by spinetoram exposure consistently support our conclusion. Taken together, our study highlighted the threat of sublethal spinetoram exposure on the outbreaks of mosquito-borne viruses. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

11.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(9): 756, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056003

RESUMO

In Drosophila ovary, niche is composed of somatic cells, including terminal filament cells (TFCs), cap cells (CCs) and escort cells (ECs), which provide extrinsic signals to maintain stem cell renewal or initiate cell differentiation. Niche establishment begins in larval stages when terminal filaments (TFs) are formed, but the underlying mechanism for the development of TFs remains largely unknown. Here we report that transcription factor longitudinals lacking (Lola) is essential for ovary morphogenesis. We showed that Lola protein was expressed abundantly in TFCs and CCs, although also in other cells, and lola was required for the establishment of niche during larval stage. Importantly, we found that knockdown expression of lola induced apoptosis in adult ovary, and that lola affected adult ovary morphogenesis by suppressing expression of Regulator of cullins 1b (Roc1b), an apoptosis-related gene that regulates caspase activation during spermatogenesis. These findings significantly expand our understanding of the mechanisms controlling niche establishment and adult oogenesis in Drosophila.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Drosophila , Drosophila , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Drosophila/metabolismo , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Feminino , Masculino , Ovário/metabolismo , Nicho de Células-Tronco/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
12.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(18): 1823-1833, 2022 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physiologic right ventricle-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) coupling may be impaired in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the incidence and prognostic significance of impaired RV-PA coupling in low-risk patients with symptomatic severe AS undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement or surgical aortic valve replacement. METHODS: RV-PA coupling was measured by transthoracic echocardiography as the ratio of tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) to pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) in patients in the PARTNER (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valve) 3 trial. The primary endpoint was the composite of all-cause mortality, stroke, and rehospitalization at the 2-year follow-up. RESULTS: Among 570 low-risk patients included in the analysis, RV-PA uncoupling was defined by a TAPSE/PASP ratio ≤ 0.55 mm/mm Hg. At baseline, 222 of 570 (38.9%) patients had RV-PA uncoupling. At 2 years, patients with baseline RV-PA uncoupling had an increased incidence of the primary endpoint (19.1% vs 9.9%, P = 0.002), all-cause mortality (5.9% vs 0.6%, P < 0.001), cardiovascular mortality (4.1% vs 0.6%, P = 0.003), and rehospitalization (13.5% vs 7.3%, P = 0.018). On multivariable analysis, baseline RV-PA uncoupling remained an independent predictor of the primary endpoint at 2 years (HR: 1.92; 95% CI: 1.04-3.57; P = 0.038). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with symptomatic severe AS at low surgical risk undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement or surgical aortic valve replacement, baseline RV-PA uncoupling defined by TAPSE/PASP ≤ 0.55 mm Hg was associated with adverse clinical outcomes at 2 years, including all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and rehospitalization.

13.
Biomolecules ; 12(9)2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36139086

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease has become the leading cause of death. A vascular stent is an effective means for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In recent years, biodegradable polymeric vascular stents have been widely investigated by researchers because of its degradability and clinical application potential for cardiovascular disease treatment. Compared to non-biodegradable stents, these stents are designed to degrade after vascular healing, leaving regenerated healthy arteries. This article reviews and summarizes the recent advanced methods for fabricating biodegradable polymeric stents, including injection molding, weaving, 3D printing, and laser cutting. Besides, the functional modification of biodegradable polymeric stents is also introduced, including visualization, anti-thrombus, endothelialization, and anti-inflammation. In the end, the challenges and future perspectives of biodegradable polymeric stents were discussed.

14.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(9): 1053-1060, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111726

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To observe the change in ferroptosis in hippocampal neurons after hypoxia-ischemia (HI) in neonatal rats and investigate the related mechanism based on the TXNIP/Trx-1/GPX4 signaling pathway. METHODS: Healthy neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7 days, were randomly divided into three groups: sham-operation (n=30), hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) (n=30) and siRNA (TXNIP siRNA) (n=12). The classic Rice-Vannucci method was used to establish a neonatal rat model of HIBD. At 6 hours, 24 hours, 72 hours, and 7 days after modeling, Western blot was used to measure the protein expression of GPX4 in the hippocampal tissue at the injured side; at 24 hours after modeling, laser speckle imaging combined with hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to determine whether the model was established successfully; NeuN/GPX4 and GFAP/GPX4 immunofluorescence staining combined with Western blot and other methods was used to measure the protein expression of GPX4 and the signal molecules TXNIP and Trx-1 in the hippocampal tissue at the injured side; the kits for determining the content of serum iron and tissue iron were used to measure the change in iron content; quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of TXNIP, Trx-1, and GPX4. RESULTS: At 6 hours, 24 hours, 72 hours, and 7 days after modeling, the HIBD group had a significantly lower protein expression level of GPX4 than the sham-operation group (P<0.05). At 24 hours after modeling, the HIBD group had a significantly lower cerebral blood flow of the injured side than the sham-operation group (P<0.05), with loose and disordered arrangement and irregular morphology of hippocampal CA1 neurons at the injured side. Compared with the sham-operation group, the HIBD group had a significantly higher number of TXNIP+ cells and significantly lower numbers of Trx-1+ cells and NeuN+GPX4+/NeuN+ cells in the hippocampal CA1 region at the injured side (P<0.05), with almost no GFAP+GPX4+ cells in the hippocampal CA1 region. Compared with the sham-operation group, the HIBD group and the siRNA group had significantly higher levels of serum iron and tissue iron in the hippocampus at the injured side (P<0.05). Compared with the HIBD group, the siRNA group had significantly lower levels of serum iron and tissue iron in the hippocampus at the injured side (P<0.05). The HIBD group and the siRNA group had significantly higher mRNA and protein expression levels of TXNIP than the sham-operation group (P<0.05), and the siRNA group had significantly lower expression levels than the HIBD group (P<0.05). The HIBD group and the siRNA group had significantly lower mRNA and protein expression levels of Trx-1 and GPX4 in the hippocampus at the injured side than the sham-operation group (P<0.05), and the siRNA group had significantly higher expression levels than the HIBD group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: HI induces ferroptosis of hippocampal neurons in neonatal rats by activating the TXNIP/Trx-1/GPX4 pathway, thereby resulting in HIBD.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Amarelo de Eosina-(YS)/metabolismo , Hematoxilina/metabolismo , Hipocampo/química , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Isquemia/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/análise , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Salicilamidas
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(35): e30394, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study assessed the effectiveness of Yangxin Decoction (YXD) in the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) patients with angina pectoris (AP). METHODS: In this study, we systematically and comprehensively searched the PUBMED, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CNKI, WANGFANG, and VIP databases from their establishment to June 1, 2022. Clinical randomized controlled trials of YXD for the management of AP in patients with CHD were considered for inclusion. The outcomes included the response rate of AP, response rate based on electrocardiogram, and the rate of nitroglycerin use. Two authors independently performed literature selection, data extraction, and methodological quality assessment. Any differences were resolved by a third author through a discussion. RESULTS: Nine trials involving 819 patients were included. The meta-analysis results showed that YXD significantly improved the response rate of AP (OR = 2.98, 95% CI: 1.96-4.55, I2 = 0%, P < .01) and the response rate based on the electrocardiogram (OR = 1.88, 95% CI: 1.28-2.78, I2 = 26%, P < .01), and significantly reduced the rate of nitroglycerin use (OR = 2.04, 95% CI: 1.19-3.52, I2 = 0%, P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study showed that YXD was effective in the treatment of patients with AP of CHD. Further studies are required to confirm these results.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Angina Pectoris/tratamento farmacológico , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Doença das Coronárias/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Nitroglicerina/uso terapêutico
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(37): e30021, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: By using network pharmacology and molecular docking technology, we have explored the mechanism of action of Sanqi in the treatment of endometriosis (EMS), in order to provide reference for clinical studies of Chinese medicine treatment of Ems and Chinese medicine pharmacology. METHODS: There are 123 intersecting targets between the active ingredients of Sanqi and disease targets. In the Protein-Protein Interaction network, Jun proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit, tumor necrosis factor, interleukin 6, etc., are the core proteins. The top 20 genes ranked by degree have been analyzed according to the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway and Gene Ontology analysis, and 20 pathways have been identified. RESULTS: On the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway, the most important part is the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase-Akt signaling pathway, and on the Gene Ontology pathway, it is the Heme binding. The top 3 targets docked to quercetin have a certain affinity when it is docked to their degree value. Among the chemical components of Sanqi, quercetin has the most targets, suggesting that it may play a major role in the treatment of EMS. CONCLUSION: The results of molecular docking provide further evidence of the potential role of Sanqi for EMS. Overall, our study provides a new direction for the treatment of EMS and provides the basis for Sanqi as a drug for the treatment of EMS.


Assuntos
Endometriose , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Endometriose/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Heme , Humanos , Interleucina-6 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Fosfatidilinositóis , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Quercetina , Tecnologia , Fator de Transcrição AP-1 , Fatores de Necrose Tumoral
17.
J Plant Physiol ; 278: 153811, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126616

RESUMO

Common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) is an important leguminous crop, providing humans with starch from seeds, feeding livestock with vegetative organs, or fertilizing soils by returning to field. It is aimed to evaluate salt tolerance in common vetch collections for breeding programs and to investigate the underlined physiological mechanisms. Relative germination rate and relative seedling growth showed great difference among common vetch collections in response to salt. A lower level of Na+ and higher levels of K+ and K+/Na+ ratio were maintained in both shoots and roots in salt-tolerant collections than in salt-sensitive ones under salt stress. Expression of the genes involved in transportation and redistribution of Na+ and K+ were cooperatively responsible for salt stress. Transcript levels of NHX7, HKT1, AKT2, and HAK17 in leaves and roots were induced after salt stress, with higher transcript levels in salt-tolerant collections compared with the sensitive ones. Proline and P5CS1 transcript levels were increased after salt stress, with higher levels in salt-tolerant collection compared with salt-sensitive ones. Both O2- and H2O2 were accumulated after salt stress, and lower levels were accumulated in salt-tolerant collection compared with salt-sensitive ones. Superoxide dismutase, catalase and ascorbate peroxidase activities were altered in response to salt and higher levels were maintained in salt-tolerant collections compared with salt-sensitive ones. It is suggested that salt tolerance in common vetch is associated with maintenance of K+ and Na+ homeostasis and the associated gene expression and promoted proline accumulation and antioxidant defense system.

18.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 964370, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059935

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major worldwide public health problem. The increase in the number of patients with CKD and end-stage kidney disease requesting renal dialysis or transplantation will progress to epidemic proportions in the next several decades. Although blocking the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been used as a first-line standard therapy in patients with hypertension and CKD, patients still progress towards end-stage kidney disease, which might be closely associated with compensatory renin expression subsequent to RAS blockade through a homeostatic mechanism. The Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway is the master upstream regulator that controls multiple intrarenal RAS genes. As Wnt/ß-catenin regulates multiple RAS genes, we inferred that this pathway might also be implicated in blood pressure control. Therefore, discovering new medications to synchronously target multiple RAS genes is necessary and essential for the effective treatment of patients with CKD. We hypothesized that Shenkang injection (SKI), which is widely used to treat CKD patients, might ameliorate CKD by inhibiting the activation of multiple RAS genes via the Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway. To test this hypothesis, we used adenine-induced CKD rats and angiotensin II (AngII)-induced HK-2 and NRK-49F cells. Treatment with SKI inhibited renal function decline, hypertension and renal fibrosis. Mechanistically, SKI abrogated the increased protein expression of multiple RAS elements, including angiotensin-converting enzyme and angiotensin II type 1 receptor, as well as Wnt1, ß-catenin and downstream target genes, including Snail1, Twist, matrix metalloproteinase-7, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and fibroblast-specific protein 1, in adenine-induced rats, which was verified in AngII-induced HK-2 and NRK-49F cells. Similarly, our results further indicated that treatment with rhein isolated from SKI attenuated renal function decline and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and repressed RAS activation and the hyperactive Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway in both adenine-induced rats and AngII-induced HK-2 and NRK-49F cells. This study first revealed that SKI repressed epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition by synchronously targeting multiple RAS elements by blocking the hyperactive Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway.

19.
Stem Cells Int ; 2022: 2150680, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36061149

RESUMO

Clinical trials serve as the fundamental prerequisite for clinical therapy of human disease, which is primarily based on biomedical studies in animal models. Undoubtedly, animal models have made a significant contribution to gaining insight into the developmental and pathophysiological understanding of human diseases. However, none of the existing animal models could efficiently simulate the development of human organs and systems due to a lack of spatial information; the discrepancy in genetic, anatomic, and physiological basis between animals and humans limits detailed investigation. Therefore, the translational efficiency of the research outcomes in clinical applications was significantly weakened, especially for some complex, chronic, and intractable diseases. For example, the clinical trials for human fragile X syndrome (FXS) solely based on animal models have failed such as mGluR5 antagonists. To mimic the development of human organs more faithfully and efficiently translate in vitro biomedical studies to clinical trials, extensive attention to organoids derived from stem cells contributes to a deeper understanding of this research. The organoids are a miniaturized version of an organ generated in vitro, partially recapitulating key features of human organ development. As such, the organoids open a novel avenue for in vitro models of human disease, advantageous over the existing animal models. The invention of organoids has brought an innovative breakthrough in regeneration medicine. The organoid-derived human tissues or organs could potentially function as invaluable platforms for biomedical studies, pathological investigation of human diseases, and drug screening. Importantly, the study of regeneration medicine and the development of therapeutic strategies for human diseases could be conducted in a dish, facilitating in vitro analysis and experimentation. Thus far, the pilot breakthrough has been made in the generation of numerous types of organoids representing different human organs. Most of these human organoids have been employed for in vitro biomedical study and drug screening. However, the efficiency and quality of the organoids in recapitulating the development of human organs have been hindered by engineering and conceptual challenges. The efficiency and quality of the organoids are essential for downstream applications. In this article, we highlight the application in the modeling of human neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) such as FXS, Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and autistic spectrum disorders (ASD), and organoid-based drug screening. Additionally, challenges and weaknesses especially for limits of the brain organoid models in modeling late onset NDDs such as AD and PD., and future perspectives regarding human brain organoids are addressed.

20.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 859174, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082165

RESUMO

Objective: This study investigated the correlation between types of posterior upper rotator cuff tears (RCTs) and intramuscular fat infiltration (FI) in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: The shoulder joints of 50 adults with a full-thickness posterior upper RCT diagnosed by MRI, from January 2019 to December 2021, were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into three groups according to tear type: 1) an L-shaped tear group; 2) a crescent/U-shaped tear group; 3) a complete tear group. The correlation among age, gender, tear range, trauma history, and the duration of clinical symptoms was analyzed. The MRI images were used by two musculoskeletal imaging physicians to evaluate the type and range of tears, the Goutallier grade of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus, and the correlations and reliability were analyzed. Results: Differences in the tear range (p < 0.001) and the Goutallier grade of the infraspinatus muscle (p = 0.036) among the L-shaped, crescent/U-shaped, and complete tear groups were statistically significant; however, differences in the Goutallier grade of the supraspinatus muscle was not statistically significant (p = 0.356). In the crescent/U-shaped tear group, age was significantly correlated with the Goutallier grade of the supraspinatus muscle (RS = 0.720, p = 0.029) and the infraspinatus muscle (RS = 0.713, p = 0.032). In the complete tear group, tear range was significantly correlated with the Goutallier grade of the supraspinatus muscle (RS = 0.801, p = 0.001) and the infraspinatus muscle (RS = 0.802, p = 0.001). The Goutallier grades of the supraspinatus muscle (kappa, 0.489) and the infraspinatus muscle (kappa, 0.424) presented with interobserver consistency. Conclusion: The type of posterior upper RCT correlates with the degree of FI. There is a positive correlation between the FI of crescent/U-shaped full-thickness RCTs and age. Additionally, the range of complete tears in the posterior upper RC has a positive correlation with FI.

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