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1.
Bioorg Chem ; 105: 104388, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130343

RESUMO

A phytochemical investigation on the stems and leaves of Wikstroemia chuii resulted in the isolation of three new daphnane diterpenes, wikstroechuins A-C (1-3), together with eight known analogues (4-11). The structures of new daphnane diterpenes (1-3) were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic methods and the known daphnane diterpenes (4-11) were identified by comparing their observable spectroscopic data with those reported spectral data in the literature. The anti-inflammatory effects as well as anti-HIV activities in vitro of all isolated daphnane diterpenes 1-11 were assessed. As a consequence, daphnane diterpenes 1-11 displayed remarkable inhibitory activities on NO (nitric oxide) production induced by lipopolysaccharide in mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells showing IC50 values in the range of 0.12 ± 0.03 to 10.58 ± 0.16 µM. Meanwhile, daphnane diterpenes 1-11 displayed significant anti-HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) effects showing EC50 values ranging from 0.09509 to 8.62356 µM. These research results indicated that the discovery of these new daphnane diterpenes with remarkable anti-inflammatory and anti-HIV activities from W. chuii, especially these new ones, could be extremely meaningful to the discovery of new anti-inflammatory agents and anti-HIV drugs as well as their potential practical values in the health and pharmaceutical products.

2.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(19): 4370-4379, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of coagulation disorder in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients should be demonstrated. AIM: To investigate the abnormalities of coagulation parameters in the patients with COVID-19 and their prognostic values. METHODS: Consecutive patients admitted in the isolation ward of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from January 31 to February 5, 2020 with confirmed COVID-19 were included. The primary outcomes were death and survival as of March 11. Demographics, vital signs, comorbidities and laboratory tests were collected and compared between those who died and survivors. Logistic regression analysis for prognostic factors was performed. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to compare the estimated survival rate between patients with prolonged prothrombin time and normal prothrombin time. RESULTS: The total number of patients with confirmed COVID-19 who were enrolled was 213. The median age was 62 years, and 95 patients (44.6%) were men. Fifty-one patients were critical (23.9%), 79 patients were severe (37.1%) and 83 patients were moderate (39%). As of March 11, 2020, 99 patients were discharged (46.5%), 79 patients (37.1%) stayed in the hospital and 35 patients (16.2%) died. Median time to death was 6 (4-8) d, while median hospital stay was 32 (22-36) d in survivors (P < 0.001). More men (P = 0.002) and elderly patients (P < 0.001) were found in the group of those who died. The respiration rate at admission was higher in the group of those who died (P < 0.001). The incidences of hypertension (P = 0.028), cerebrovascular disease (P < 0.001), chronic kidney disease (P = 0.02) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (P < 0.001) were higher in the group of those who died. Platelet count was decreased in the group of those who died (P = 0.002) whereas prothrombin time (P < 0.001), activated partial thromboplastin time (P = 0.033), concentration of D-dimer (P < 0.001) and fibrin degradation products (P < 0.001) were increased in the group of those who died. Prothrombin time [odds ratio (OR): 2.19, P = 0.004], respiration rate (OR: 1.223, P < 0.001), age (OR: 1.074, P < 0.001) and fibrin degradation products concentration (OR: 1.02, P = 0.014) were predictors of death. The survival rate was significantly lower in patients with prolonged prothrombin time compare to those with normal prothrombin time (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Prothrombin time, concentration of fibrin degradation products, respiration rate and age were predictive factors for clinical outcomes of COVID-19 patients.

3.
Bioorg Chem ; 101: 104030, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615467

RESUMO

Two new prenylated chromones, artoheterophines A (1) and B (2), five known prenylated chromones (3-7), as well as five known biogenetically related prenylated flavonoids (8-12) were isolated and characterized from the stems and leaves of A. heterophyllus. Their chemical structures were unambiguously determined through comprehensive spectral data analyses. The antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory effects of all these isolated prenylated chromones and flavonoids were evaluated in vitro. As a result, compounds 1-12 showed notable inhibitory effects against various human cancer cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 0.36 ± 0.02 to 22.09 ± 0.16 µM. Meanwhile, compounds 1-12 exhibited significant inhibitory activities on nitric oxide (NO) production holding IC50 values in the range of 0.48 ± 0.05-19.87 ± 0.21 µM. These research results suggest that the isolation and characterization of these prenylated chromones (1-7) and flavonoids (8-12) holding significant antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory activities could be significant to the discovery and development of new natural anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory drugs. The findings also provides a phytochemical evidence for further development and utilization of the stems and leaves of A. heterophyllus in health and pharmaceutical products.

4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(7): 2024-2030, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037814

RESUMO

Artocarpus heterophyllus (jack tree) is an evergreen fruit tree belonging to the genus Artocarpus (Moraceae), which is widely distributed in subtropical and tropical regions of Asia. Its fruits (jackfruit), well-known as the world's largest tree-borne fruit, are being consumed in our daily diets as a very popular tropical fruit throughout the world and have been confirmed to hold various health benefits. In this study, five new prenylated chromones, artocarheterones A-E (1-5), as well as seven known prenylated chromones (6-12) were purified and isolated from the ripe fruits of A. heterophyllus (jackfruit). Their chemical structures were determined through comprehensive spectroscopic methods. This is the first report on prenylated chromones isolated from A. heterophyllus. The anti-HIV-1 effects of all isolated chromones were assessed in vitro. As a result, prenylated chromones (1-12) showed remarkable anti-HIV-1 effects with EC50 values ranging from 0.09 to 9.72 µM. These research results indicate that the isolation and characterization of these prenylated chromones with remarkable anti-HIV-1 activities from the ripe fruits of A. heterophyllus could be significant to the discovery and development of new anti-HIV-1 drugs.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/química , Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , Artocarpus/química , Cromonas/química , Cromonas/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Frutas/química , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , HIV-1/fisiologia , Estrutura Molecular , Prenilação
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(5)2018 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29747431

RESUMO

Hydration⁻dehydration cycles can frequently cause stress to seeds, but can also be used to improve germination. However, the molecular basis of the stress caused is poorly understood. Herein, we examine the effects of hydration⁻dehydration cycles on seed viability and profile the membrane glycerolipid molecular species. We find that seed viability was not affected during the first two cycles, but significantly decreased as further cycles were applied, until all viability was lost. The abundances of seven glycerolipid classes increased and decreased through hydration and dehydration, respectively, but the phosphatidic acid and diacylglycerol abundances changed in the opposite sense, while total glycerolipid contents remained constant. This suggests that during hydration⁻dehydration cycles, turnover of glycerolipid metabolite pools take place, while no significant lipid synthesis or degradation is involved. As further hydration⁻dehydration cycles occurred, lipid unsaturation increased, plastidic lipids decreased, and phosphatidylserine acyl chains lengthened. The latter two could be lethal for seeds. Our findings reveal a novel model of membrane lipid changes, and provide new insights into the responses of seeds to hydration⁻dehydration cycles.


Assuntos
Glicolipídeos/metabolismo , Metaboloma , Sementes/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dessecação , Diglicerídeos/metabolismo , Germinação , Glicolipídeos/química , Lisofosfolipídeos/metabolismo , Lipídeos de Membrana/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Ácidos Fosfatídicos/metabolismo
6.
Sci Rep ; 5: 15615, 2015 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26499913

RESUMO

Rapid and efficient methods for the determination of cured tuberculosis (TB) are lacking. A total of 85 differentially expressed serum proteins were identified by iTRAQ labeling coupled with two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (2D LC-MS/MS) analysis (fold change >1.50 or <0.60, P < 0.05). We validated albumin (ALB), Rho GDP-dissociation inhibitor 2 (ARHGDIB), complement 3 (C3), ficolin-2 (FCN2), and apolipoprotein (a) (LPA) using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Significantly increased ALB and LPA levels (P = 0.036 and P = 0.012, respectively) and significantly reduced ARHGDIB, C3, and FCN2 levels (P < 0.001, P = 0.035, and P = 0.018, respectively) were observed in cured TB patients compared with untreated TB patients. In addition, changes in ALB and FCN2 levels occurred after 2 months of treatment (P < 0.001 and P = 0.030, respectively). We established a cured TB model with 87.10% sensitivity, 79.49% specificity, and an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.876. The results indicated that ALB, ARHGDIB, C3, FCN2, and LPA levels might serve as potential biomarkers for cured TB. Our study provides experimental data for establishing objective indicators of cured TB and also proposes potential markers for evaluating the efficacy of anti-TB drugs.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteínas A/sangue , Complemento C3/análise , Lectinas/sangue , Albumina Sérica/análise , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Inibidor beta de Dissociação do Nucleotídeo Guanina rho/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Cromatografia Líquida , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Curva ROC , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Resultado do Tratamento , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose Pulmonar/microbiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
PLoS One ; 10(9): e0138356, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26379154

RESUMO

Ficolin-2 (FCN2) is an innate immune pattern recognition molecule that can activate the complement pathway, opsonophagocytosis, and elimination of the pathogens. The present study aimed to investigate the association of the FCN2 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). A total of seven SNPs in exon 8 (+6359 C>T and +6424 G>T) and in the promoter region (-986 G>A, -602 G>A, -557 A>G, -64 A>C and -4 A>G) of the FCN2 gene were genotyped using the PCR amplification and DNA sequencing methods in the healthy controls group (n = 254) and the pulmonary TB group (n = 282). The correlation between SNPs and pulmonary TB was analyzed using the logistic regression method. The results showed that there were no significant differences in the distribution of allelic frequencies of seven SNPs between the pulmonary TB group and the healthy controls group. However, the frequency of the variant homozygous genotype (P = 0.037, -557 A>G; P = 0.038, -64 A>C; P = 0.024, +6424 G>T) in the TB group was significantly lower than the control group. After adjustment for age and gender, these variant homozygous genotypes were found to be recessive models in association with pulmonary TB. In addition, -64 A>C (P = 0.047) and +6424 G>T (P = 0.03) were found to be codominant models in association with pulmonary TB. There was strong linkage disequilibrium (r2 > 0.80, P < 0.0001) between 7 SNPs except the -602 G>A site. Therefore, -557 A>G, -64 A>C and +6424 G>T SNPs of the FCN2 gene were correlated with pulmonary TB, and may be protective factors for TB. This study provides a novel idea for the prevention and control of TB transmission from a genetics perspective.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Lectinas/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Tuberculose Pulmonar/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
8.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 15: 243, 2015 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26198726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been applied in treating tuberculosis (TB) based on the TCM syndromes with the effects of inhibiting Mycobacterium, strengthening the body immune system, and reducing the pulmonary toxicity. We used bioinformatic methods to study the clinical and pathological characteristics of pulmonary TB patients with TCM syndromes. Isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification - coupled two dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (iTRAQ-2DLC-MS/MS) methods were applied to screen differentially expressed serum proteins. METHODS: Pulmonary TB cases were divided into four distinctive TCM syndromes: pulmonary Yin deficiency (PYD) syndrome, hyperactivity of fire due to Yin deficiency (HFYD) syndrome, deficiency of Qi and Yin (DQY) syndrome, and deficiency of Yin and Yang (DYY) syndrome. The serum samples from 214 pulmonary TB patients were collected, and the clinical and pathological data was analyzed by using iTRAQ-2DLC-MS/MS. Finally, the differentially expressed proteins were screened and tested by ELISA. Only 5 patients with DYY syndrome were recruited in 3 years, which were not enough for further research. RESULTS: The DQY cases had higher erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) compared to the PYD and HFYD cases (P=0.0178). 94.44% (12 PYD, 18 HFYD, and 4 DQY before anti-TB treatment) of 36 treated TB cases were transformed to PYD accompanied with the reduction of ESR and absorption of pulmonary lesions. A total of 39 differentially expressed proteins (ratios of >1.3 or <0.75) were found among the three TCM syndromes. Proteomic studies revealed that gamma-glutamyl hydrolase (GGH), Ig gamma-3 chain C region (IGHG3), and haptoglobin (HPT) were specifically over-expressed in PYD (P<0.01), HFYD (P<0.001), and DQY cases (P<0.01), respectively. Furthermore, GGH was significantly higher in PYD cases compared to the HFYD and DQY cases (P<0.01, P<0.001, respectively), whereas IGHG3 was significantly higher in HFYD cases than PYD and DQY cases (P<0.001, P<0.01, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that TCM syndromes are significantly correlated with the pulmonary lesions and ESR. GGH was associated with folate metabolism in PYD cases, IGHG3 was linked to the control of Mycobacterium infection in HFYD patients, and HPT was involved in hypoxia in DQY patients. The present study provides new biological basis to understand the pathological changes and proteomic differences of TB syndromes.


Assuntos
Haptoglobinas/análise , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Tuberculose Pulmonar/sangue , gama-Glutamil Hidrolase/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Altern Complement Med ; 19(1): 43-9, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22823583

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the importance of the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) pattern on an acupoint-specific effect. DESIGN: This was a TCM pattern subdivision analysis of the first intervention data from a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial (ISRCTN24863192) (the main trial). SETTINGS: The main trial recruited participants from six hospitals in three provinces in China. SUBJECTS: Five hundred and one (501) participants diagnosed with primary dysmenorrhea (PD) were enrolled in the main trial. INTERVENTIONS: The main trial randomly and equally divided participants into three treatment groups with bilateral electroacupuncture at three sites, respectively: Sanyinjiao (SP6), Xuanzhong (GB39), and an adjacent nonacupoint. Participants were diagnosed with TCM patterns before the treatment. The intervention was carried out when the visual analogue scale (VAS) score of participant's menstrual pain was ≥ 40 mm on the first day of menstruation and lasted for 30 minutes. OUTCOME MEASURES: The immediate improvement of pain was measured with a 100-mm VAS before the intervention, at 5 minutes, 10 minutes, and 30 minutes during the intervention, and at 30 minutes after the completion of this intervention. RESULTS: Three (3) TCM patterns (n=320) were eligible for analysis, including Cold and Dampness Stagnation pattern (n=184), Qi and Blood Stagnation pattern (n=84), and Qi and Blood Deficiency pattern (n=52). In Cold and Dampness Stagnation pattern, the SP6 group had a significant reduction in VAS scores compared with the GB39 group (mean difference -7.6 mm) and the nonacupoint group (mean difference -8.2 mm), respectively. There was no difference between the latter two groups. There were no group differences in VAS scores in the other two patterns. CONCLUSIONS: It suggested that TCM pattern might affect acupoint specific effect on the immediate pain relief obtained for participants with PD.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Dismenorreia , Eletroacupuntura , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Menstruação , Adulto , Dismenorreia/diagnóstico , Dismenorreia/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Medição da Dor , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
10.
Front Biosci (Elite Ed) ; 3: 250-5, 2011 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21196305

RESUMO

In this study we initiated a proteomic investigation of the maize thylakoid membrane by using a shotgun proteomic approach based on LC-MS(E). A total of 34 maize thylakoid membrane proteins were identified, the majority of which are primarily involved in photosynthesis, including the light-reaction and carbon assimilation. It is noteworthy that all of the core subunits of the Photosystem II were identified in our search. Proteins involved in other processes, such as iron storage, were also detected in our study. The quantity of each identified protein was also determined. Of interest, we discovered that the amount of the three ATP synthase subunits were not equivalent, suggesting that these proteins perform other functions in addition to ATP synthesis. To our knowledge this is the first extensive proteomic investigation of the maize thylakoid membrane, and will likely enable further study of maize photosynthesis and chloroplast development.


Assuntos
Proteômica/métodos , Tilacoides/metabolismo , Zea mays/genética , Clorofila/biossíntese , Fotossíntese/genética , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Zea mays/metabolismo
11.
Int J Med Sci ; 7(5): 278-83, 2010 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20827427

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate risk factors which impact on common carotid artery intima media thickness (IMT). METHODS: A total of 86 obese children and adolescents and 22 healthy children and adolescents with normal weight were enrolled. Moreover, 23 of 86 obese children and adolescents were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The clinical, biochemical data and the IMT of the common carotid artery were measured in all subjects. RESULTS: Obese and obese with MetS subjects demonstrated a significantly (p < 0.01) thicker intima media (0.69mm, 0.66mm) as compared to the control group (0.38mm), but there was no significant difference of IMT between obese and MetS group. IMT was correlated to body weight, body mass index, waist circumference, waist to hip ratio, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, fasting insulin, homoeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein- cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and fatty liver. Waist circumference, waist to hip ratio, triglyceride and homoeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance were independent determinants of mean IMT level. CONCLUSION: Obesity especially abdominal obesity, high TG and insulin resistance may be the main risk predictors of increased IMT.


Assuntos
Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Obesidade Abdominal/patologia , Obesidade/patologia , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo , Túnica Íntima/patologia , Túnica Média/patologia , Adolescente , Animais , Criança , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Síndrome Metabólica/patologia , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade Abdominal/metabolismo
13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 87(2): 105-8, 2007 Jan 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17418017

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relations of platelet phospholipid fatty acids to thrombotic risk factors in the middle-aged and geriatric patients with hyperlipidemia in the metropolitan area of Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted among 81 patients with hyperlipidemia, 50 males and 31 females, aged (57 +/- 8), and 65 healthy controls, 43 males and 22 females, aged (58 +/- 9) to collect the data about height, weight, and diet. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected to examine the total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), homocysteine (Hcy), 6-keto-prostaglandin F(1alpha) (6-keto-PGF(1alpha)), and thromboxane B(2) (TXB(2)) were examined by standard methods. Serum thrombotic risk factors including homocysteine and Thromboxane B(2) were determined by standard methods. Platelet phospholipid fatty acids were examined by gas chromatography. The correlation between the serum thrombotic risk factors (Hcy, TXB(2), and 6-keto-PG F1a) was analyzed by multivariate linear regression. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in platelet phospholipid fatty acids between the patients with hyperlipidemia and the healthy controls. Serum Hcy was significantly negatively correlated with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and the ratio of n-3 PUFA (polyunsaturated fatty acids)/n-6 PUFA (r = -0.277 and -0.231, both P < 0.01). The level of serum TXB(2) was significantly positively correlated with arachidonic acid (r = 0.176, P < 0.05), and significantly negatively correlated with DHA (r = -0.209, P < 0.01), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) (r = -0.194, P < 0.05), and n-3 PUFA/n-6 PUFA (r = -0.238, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Increasing the ratio of n-3 PUFA/n-6 PUFA in platelet phospholipid may potentially decrease the thrombotic risks such as Hcy and TXB(2) and provide a reference for diet selection.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos/sangue , Hiperlipidemias/sangue , Fosfolipídeos/sangue , Trombose/sangue , 6-Cetoprostaglandina F1 alfa/sangue , Idoso , Ácido Araquidônico/sangue , Plaquetas/química , Colesterol/sangue , Gorduras na Dieta/sangue , Feminino , Homocisteína/sangue , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tromboxano B2/sangue
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